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1.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(4): 331-334, 2020 Jul 27.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935503

RESUMEN

With the rapid development of molecular biology, the isothermal amplification technique has been used for the nucleic acid detection of parasites and other pathogens due to its high efficiency and rapid and simple procedures, and has become an important tool to promote the field detection and control of parasitic diseases. Recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA), a novel isothermal amplification technique, which is simple and easy to perform, rapid for field detection, no need for high-end equipment, and rapid field detection, may amplify the target gene fragments within 5 to 20 min under an isothermal condition (usually 37 to 42 ℃) and achieve a real-time observation of the amplification results. RAA has been successfully employed for the nucleic acid detection of a wide range of parasites and other pathogens to date, and has shown a high sensitivity and specificity. Notably, such an assay is suitable for the large-scale field detection in non-lab environments, and is therefore considered to have a potential value of application in rapid field detections.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas de Amplificación de Ácido Nucleico , Enfermedades Parasitarias , Parasitología , Cartilla de ADN , Humanos , Enfermedades Parasitarias/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Parasitología/métodos , Recombinasas , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
2.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 46(3): e1402, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144547

RESUMEN

Introducción: La reemergencia y el control de algunas enfermedades de transmisión hídrica continúan siendo motivos de interés para los gobiernos sanitarios. Objetivo: Desarrollar acciones intersectoriales dirigidas al mejoramiento de la situación ambiental, el saneamiento básico y la calidad del agua. Métodos: Se desarrolló una investigación-acción participativa, con enfoque mixto. Se conformó un equipo multidisciplinario integrado por profesionales de la salud, miembros de la comunidad y del Gobierno Autónomo Descentralizado de Penipe, Chimborazo, Ecuador. La población estuvo constituida por 2089 habitantes que residían de forma permanente en el área urbana de la cabecera cantonal durante septiembre de 2016 y septiembre de 2017. La muestra (494 personas) se seleccionó por muestreo no probabilístico, la integraron individuos con edades entre 15 y 60 años, mentalmente aptos y que en el momento de la aplicación del instrumento se encontraban en su vivienda. Estas personas ofrecieron su consentimiento informado de participación y declararon residir de forma permanente en esa localidad. Para la recolección de los datos se empleó un cuestionario diseñado y validado por criterio de especialistas. Resultados: Predominaron las féminas de 21-30 años de edad y la autoidentificación étnica de mestiza. El consumo de agua hervida y su cloración constituyeron las prácticas más referidas por los encuestados, lo que resulta insuficiente para evitar la transmisibilidad de las enfermedades de transmisión hídrica. Conclusiones: La presencia de las enfermedades de transmisión hídricas en el cantón Penipe, Ecuador es un problema de la salud pública local que aún no ha sido resuelto, lo que justifica una intervención intersectorial que permita una educación para la salud incluyente, renovada y de carácter comunitario(AU)


Introduction: Re-emergence and control of some waterborne diseases are still an interest for sanitary governments. Objective: To develop intersectoral actions addressed to the improvement of the environmental situation, the basic sanitation and water quality. Methods: It was developed a participative research-action, with mixed approach. It was formed a multidisciplinary team made up by health professionals, members of the community and the Decentralized Autonomous Government of Penipe, Cimborazo, Ecuador. The population was formed by 2089 inhabitants living permanently in the urban area of the cantonal administrative center in the period from September 2016 to September 2017. The sample (494 people) was selected by non-probabilistic sampling, and it was made up by individuals in the ages from 15 to 60 years, mentally fit and that at the moment of the instrument's implementation were at their house. These people gave their informed consent for participating and declared to live permanently in that area. For data collection, it was used the questionnaire designed and validated by specialists criterion. Results: Females in the ages from 21 to 30 years and the ethnic auto-identification as mixed race predominated. Consumption of boiled water and its chlorination were the most common practices referred by those polled, which is insufficient to avoid transmissibility of waterborne diseases. Conclusions: The presence of water transmission diseases in cantón Penipe, in Ecuador is an unsolved local public health problem which justifies an intersectoral intervention that allows an inclusive, renewed and community focused health education(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Calidad del Agua/normas , Enfermedades Transmitidas por el Agua/prevención & control , Ecuador
3.
Ann Parasitol ; 66(2): 125-133, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530589

RESUMEN

Parasitic zoonosis (PZs) have a cosmopolitan significant impact on public health but they are often omitted in discussions, especially in developing countries. Zoonotic parasites include protozoa, cestodes, nematodes, trematodes and arthropods, and notably in African and Arabian countries have a high prevalence among livestock and man. Through this comprehensive review, we summarize the extant published research of the most significant zoonotic parasites present in some countries of Arabic world and we identify the epidemiology and risk factors for significant infections and suggest some effective control measures. This review might help the researches, governments about the zoonotic impact of these neglected infections for future considerations and application for real control programs.


Asunto(s)
Parásitos , Enfermedades Parasitarias , Zoonosis , Animales , Humanos , Ganado/parasitología , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Parásitos/clasificación , Parásitos/fisiología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/epidemiología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/parasitología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Enfermedades Parasitarias en Animales/epidemiología , Enfermedades Parasitarias en Animales/parasitología , Enfermedades Parasitarias en Animales/prevención & control , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Zoonosis/epidemiología , Zoonosis/parasitología
4.
Trends Parasitol ; 36(8): 677-687, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448703

RESUMEN

Reptiles are reservoirs of a wide range of pathogens, including many protozoa, helminths, pentastomids, and arthropod parasitic species, some of which may be of public health concern. In this review we discuss the zoonotic risks associated with human-reptile interactions. Increased urbanization and introduction of exotic species of reptile may act as drivers for the transmission of zoonotic parasites through the environment. In addition, being a part of human diet, reptiles can be a source of life-threatening parasitoses, such as pentastomiasis or sparganosis. Finally, reptiles kept as pets may represent a risk to owners given the possibility of parasites transmitted by direct contact or fecal contamination. Awareness of reptile-borne zoonotic parasitoses is important to advocate control, prevention, and surveillance of these neglected diseases.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Parasitarias/transmisión , Reptiles/parasitología , Zoonosis/parasitología , Animales , Parasitología de Alimentos , Humanos , Parásitos , Enfermedades Parasitarias/parasitología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Mascotas/parasitología , Zoonosis/prevención & control
5.
Acta Trop ; 207: 105466, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302690

RESUMEN

Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are synthesized from the essential fatty acids alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid, respectively. They are pivotal components of all mammalian cells and were found to be useful in prevention and treatment of a variety of health problems owing to their anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are further metabolized to anti-inflammatory mediators, such as lipoxins, resolvins, and protectins. Moreover, these polyunsaturated fatty acids were found to have in vivo and in vitro protective efficacies against some parasitic infections. Therefore, dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids should be encouraged because of their considerable beneficial effects.


Asunto(s)
Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/administración & dosificación , Ácidos Grasos Omega-6/administración & dosificación , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/farmacología , Ácidos Grasos Omega-6/farmacología , Ácidos Grasos Insaturados/clasificación , Humanos
7.
N Z Vet J ; 68(3): 136-144, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968203

RESUMEN

Small ruminants are particularly well suited to meet United Nations Sustainable Development Goals surrounding food security, human wellbeing and poverty alleviation in different environmental and climatic settings. However the current efficiency of food production from small ruminants in both developed agricultural regions and in lower and middle income countries is woefully inadequate to meet predicted global needs over the forthcoming decades. Most global research to address this challenge is focussed on the genetics of animal growth, conformation and disease tolerance or resistance traits, albeit the practical consequences of such selection and strategies to use genetically improved animals in the field are uncertain. Any long-term benefits derived from small ruminant genetic selection will only be impactful if steps are first taken to keep animals alive, healthy and productive through iterative planned health management. Parasites are the foremost global infectious disease constraints to efficient small ruminant production. Their genetic adaptability to exploit opportunities afforded by effects of climatic or management changes on free-living stages, or exposure of parasitic stages to drugs, presents specific challenges to their sustainable control. Hence, parasite control provides a relevant means of engagement with livestock keepers and farmers on the topic of planned animal health management. The value of parasitology in this regard is enhanced by the availability of simple to use and accessible diagnostic tools.


Asunto(s)
Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Enfermedades Parasitarias en Animales , Rumiantes/parasitología , Crianza de Animales Domésticos , Animales , Humanos , Ganado , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Pobreza , Naciones Unidas
8.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(1): e0007999, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995572

RESUMEN

January 30, 2020 is the first-ever World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day (World NTD Day), a day when we celebrate the achievements made towards control of the world's NTDs, yet recognize the daunting challenges we face in the control and elimination of these conditions.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas/prevención & control , Salud Global , Enfermedades Desatendidas/epidemiología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Virosis/prevención & control , Organización Mundial de la Salud/organización & administración , Erradicación de la Enfermedad , Enfermedades Desatendidas/etiología , Clima Tropical
9.
Exp Parasitol ; 208: 107808, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765613

RESUMEN

There is a plethora of meat-borne hazards - including parasites - for which there may be a need for surveillance. However, veterinary services worldwide need to decide how to use their scarce resources and prioritise among the perceived hazards. Moreover, to remain competitive, food business operators - irrespective of whether they are farmers or abattoir operators - are preoccupied with maintaining a profit and minimizing costs. Still, customers and trade partners expect that meat products placed on the market are safe to consume and should not bear any risks of causing disease. Risk-based surveillance systems may offer a solution to this challenge by applying risk analysis principles; first to set priorities, and secondly to allocate resources effectively and efficiently. The latter is done through a focus on the cost-effectiveness ratio in sampling and prioritisation. Risk-based surveillance was originally introduced into veterinary public health in 2006. Since then, experience has been gathered, and the methodology has been further developed. Guidelines and tools have been developed, which can be used to set up appropriate surveillance programmes. In this paper, the basic principles are described, and by use of a surveillance design tool called SURVTOOLS (https://survtools.org/), examples are given covering three meat-borne parasites for which risk-based surveillance is 1) either in place in the European Union (EU) (Trichinella spp.), 2) to be officially implemented in December 2019 (Taenia saginata) or 3) only carried out by one abattoir company in the EU as there is no official EU requirement (Toxoplasma gondii). Moreover, advantages, requirements and limitations of risk-based surveillance for meat-borne parasites are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Carne/parasitología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Gestión de Riesgos/métodos , Animales , Prioridades en Salud/clasificación , Prioridades en Salud/organización & administración , Humanos , Enfermedades Parasitarias/transmisión , Factores de Riesgo , Gestión de Riesgos/organización & administración , Gestión de Riesgos/normas , Gestión de Riesgos/tendencias , Taenia saginata/aislamiento & purificación , Teniasis/prevención & control , Teniasis/transmisión , Toxoplasma/aislamiento & purificación , Toxoplasmosis/prevención & control , Toxoplasmosis/transmisión , Trichinella/aislamiento & purificación , Triquinelosis/prevención & control , Triquinelosis/transmisión
10.
J Parasitol ; 106(6): 859-868, 2020 11 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450760

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the worst global health crises of this generation. The core of this pandemic is the rapid transmissibility of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus, its high morbidity and mortality, and the presence of infectious asymptomatic carriers. As a result, COVID-19 has dominated this year's headlines and commanded significant research attention. As we consider SARS-CoV-2 and the COVID-19 pandemic, it is essential that scientists, governments, the media, and the general population also come to grips with the everyday cost of parasitic diseases. Plasmodium (malaria), schistosomes, filarial worms, hookworms, Ascaris, whipworms, and other protozoan and metazoan parasites take a tremendous toll on local communities. Yet, because most of these diseases are no longer endemic to developed countries, their research and intervention are not funded at levels that are proportional to their global morbidity and mortality. The scientific and public health communities must indeed vigorously fight SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19, but while doing so and beyond, it will be essential to demonstrate steadfast resolve toward understanding and combating the parasitic diseases that for centuries have haunted humankind.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Enfermedades Parasitarias/transmisión , Parasitología , Animales , Vectores Artrópodos/clasificación , Vectores Artrópodos/parasitología , /prevención & control , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Educación a Distancia , Humanos , Museos/tendencias , Enfermedades Parasitarias/economía , Enfermedades Parasitarias/epidemiología , Parasitología/educación , Parasitología/tendencias , Pobreza , Caracoles/parasitología , Sociedades Científicas , Suelo/parasitología , Agua/parasitología
11.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(4): 356-357, 2019 Sep 19.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612667

RESUMEN

Spatial epidemiology is a new branch of epidemiology, and is a subject that mainly analyzes the geographical distribution and changes of population health or diseases and its related impact factors. Recently, spatial epidemiology has been extensively applied in the prevention and control of parasitic diseases in China, and delightful results have been achieved. However, the research and application of theories and methods of spatial epidemiology are still needed to protect the people's health in China.


Asunto(s)
Métodos Epidemiológicos , Enfermedades Parasitarias , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Enfermedades Parasitarias/epidemiología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Investigación/tendencias
13.
Adv Parasitol ; 105: xi-xiii, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530398

RESUMEN

This special issue is going to introduce the origins of the "Regional Network on Asian Schistosomiasis (RNAS)" which can be traced back to 1996. RNAS was originally a collaboration of scientists from China and Philippines, and then expanded to Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan and Laos, with focusing on research and control of schistosomiasis japonica. However, at its fifth meeting in Bali, Indonesia in 2005, more countries such as Vietnam, Thailand and Korea were brought on board along with a string of neglected tropical diseases such as cysticercosis, clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis and fascioliasis, and RNAS thus became RNAS+. We all expected that the progress made so far will be enough to persuade donors to assist RNAS+ in its current activities and forward movement.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Desatendidas/prevención & control , Enfermedades Desatendidas/parasitología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/patología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Animales , Asia Sudoriental , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Investigación/tendencias , Clima Tropical , Medicina Tropical/tendencias
15.
Trends Parasitol ; 35(9): 695-703, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358427

RESUMEN

Although foodborne parasites (FBPs) are becoming recognized as important foodborne pathogens, they remain neglected compared with bacterial and viral foodborne pathogens. As drivers for infection with FBPs are variable, it is often unclear for funding bodies where research should be prioritized. Through a COST Action (Euro-FBP; FA1408), we harnessed Europe-wide expertise to address these questions, using an Expert Knowledge Elicitation approach. Eating habits, lack of food-chain control, lack of awareness from relevant agencies, globalization, and water quality were identified as major drivers for FBP infection. Prioritized research needs to be largely focused on methodological gaps, but also on surveillance concerns, impact-assessment issues, and the role of microbiota. Despite the European focus, these responses should be relevant to those concerned with FBPs globally.


Asunto(s)
Parasitología de Alimentos/tendencias , Enfermedades Transmitidas por los Alimentos/prevención & control , Enfermedades Transmitidas por los Alimentos/parasitología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Animales , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Parasitología de Alimentos/economía , Enfermedades Transmitidas por los Alimentos/economía , Enfermedades Transmitidas por los Alimentos/epidemiología , Humanos , Enfermedades Parasitarias/economía , Enfermedades Parasitarias/epidemiología , Investigación/tendencias
16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(2): 192-196, 2019 May 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184056

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To understand the status and capability of professionals at provincial parasitic diseases control institutions in main clonorchiasis-endemic areas of China. METHODS: The status and capacity of professionals at four provincial parasitic diseases control institutions were collected using questionnaire surveys, including Guangdong, Guangxi, Heilongjiang and Jilin, and the data were analyzed. RESULTS: There were totally 37 professionals working on parasitic diseases control in the four provincial institutions in 2018, including 33 full-time and 4 part-time professionals, and there were 12, 16, 3 and 6 professionals working at Guangdong, Guangxi, Heilongjiang and Jilin provincial institutions, respectively. Of the 37 professionals, there were 24.32%, 37.84% and 37.84% at ages of 35 years and lower, 35 to 45 years, and greater than 45 years. Men consisted of 54.05% of all professionals, and 86.49% had an education of bachelor and above, while 78.38% had a title of moderate or above. Among all professionals, there were 29 responsible for clonorchiasis prevention and control; however, they all participated in the prevention and control of other parasitic diseases; 33 professionals were able to prepare Kato-Katz smears and 34 read the smears; 30 professionals were able to detect metacercaria in fishes, and 24 and 16 professionals were able to perform immunological and mo-lecular tests. In addition, 26 professionals participated in provincial projects, 19 in national projects; however, few professionals participated in international projects or undertook provincial, national or international projects. Furthermore, there were 34 professionals (91.89%) participating in national trainings on parasitic diseases; however, only 12 (32.43%) completed a training for more than one week. CONCLUSIONS: There are few professionals at provincial parasitic diseases control institutions in main clonorchiasis-endemic areas of China, and they have a relative high capability in parasitic disease control; however, their research capacity is relative weak.


Asunto(s)
Clonorquiasis , Profesionales para Control de Infecciones , Enfermedades Parasitarias , Adulto , Animales , China , Clonorquiasis/prevención & control , Humanos , Profesionales para Control de Infecciones/normas , Profesionales para Control de Infecciones/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 8(1): 36, 2019 May 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130141

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Drylands, which are among the biosphere's most naturally limiting and environmentally variable ecosystems, constitute three-quarters of the African continent. As a result, environmental sustainability and human development along with vector-borne disease (VBD) control historically have been especially challenging in Africa, particularly in the sub-Saharan and Sahelian drylands. Here, the VBD burden, food insecurity, environmental degradation, and social vulnerability are particularly severe. Changing climate can exacerbate the legion of environmental health threats in Africa, the social dimensions of which are now part of the international development agenda. Accordingly, the need to better understand the dynamics and complex coupling of populations and environments as exemplified by drylands is increasingly recognized as critical to the design of more sustainable interventions. MAIN BODY: This scoping review examines the challenge of vector-borne disease control in drylands with a focus on Africa, and the dramatic, ongoing environmental and social changes taking place. Dryland societies persisted and even flourished in the past despite changing climates, extreme and unpredictable weather, and marginal conditions for agriculture. Yet intrusive forces largely out of the control of traditional dryland societies, along with the negative impacts of globalization, have contributed to the erosion of dryland's cultural and natural resources. This has led to the loss of resilience underlying the adaptive capacity formerly widely exhibited among dryland societies. A growing body of evidence from studies of environmental and natural resource management demonstrates how, in light of dryland system's inherent complexity, these factors and top-down interventions can impede sustainable development and vector-borne disease control. Strengthening adaptive capacity through community-based, participatory methods that build on local knowledge and are tailored to local ecological conditions, hold the best promise of reversing current trends. CONCLUSIONS: A significant opportunity exists to simultaneously address the increasing threat of vector-borne diseases and climate change through methods aimed at strengthening adaptive capacity. The integrative framework and methods based on social-ecological systems and resilience theory offers a novel set of tools that allow multiple threats and sources of vulnerability to be addressed in combination. Integration of recent advances in vector borne disease ecology and wider deployment of these tools could help reverse the negative social and environmental trends currently seen in African drylands.


Asunto(s)
Cambio Climático , Clima Desértico , Ecosistema , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Enfermedades Parasitarias/transmisión , África/epidemiología , Agricultura , Animales , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Vectores de Enfermedades , Humanos , Insectos Vectores/parasitología , Factores de Riesgo , Población Rural , Factores Socioeconómicos
18.
Parasitology ; 146(10): 1217-1232, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31057132

RESUMEN

The investigation of the glycan repertoire of several organisms has revealed a wide variation in terms of structures and abundance of glycan moieties. Among the parasites, it is possible to observe different sets of glycoconjugates across taxa and developmental stages within a species. The presence of distinct glycoconjugates throughout the life cycle of a parasite could relate to the ability of that organism to adapt and survive in different hosts and environments. Carbohydrates on the surface, and in excretory-secretory products of parasites, play essential roles in host-parasite interactions. Carbohydrate portions of complex molecules of parasites stimulate and modulate host immune responses, mainly through interactions with specific receptors on the surface of dendritic cells, leading to the generation of a pattern of response that may benefit parasite survival. Available data reviewed here also show the frequent aspect of parasite immunomodulation of mammalian responses through specific glycan interactions, which ultimately makes these molecules promising in the fields of diagnostics and vaccinology.


Asunto(s)
Glicoconjugados/análisis , Interacciones Huésped-Parásitos , Parásitos/química , Parásitos/crecimiento & desarrollo , Animales , Pruebas Diagnósticas de Rutina/métodos , Estadios del Ciclo de Vida , Parásitos/inmunología , Enfermedades Parasitarias/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Vacunas/inmunología
19.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(2): 89-95, maio-ago. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-996686

RESUMEN

O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o conhecimento prévio e a assimilação das informações sobre giardíase pelos Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACS) de Foz do Iguaçu após intervenção educativa. Trata-se de um estudo comparativo de abordagem quantitativa com 55 ACS, do distrito sanitário Norte de Foz do Iguaçu. Foi utilizado um questionário contendo 10 questões fechadas sobre a giardíase que foi aplicado em dois momentos sequenciais da pesquisa. Inicialmente, foi aplicado um questionário para a avaliação do conhecimento prévio dos ACS sobre a giardíase. Em seguida, foi ministrada uma palestra sobre a doença para esse público e, aplicado novamente o questionário para a avaliação da assimilação das informações sobre a giardíase. Os dados coletados foram analisados pelo programa BioEstat 5.0® e utilizado o teste de Poisson, com significância de 5%. Foram identificadas fragilidades no conhecimento dos ACS na avaliação prévia para as variáveis investigadas (p<0,05). Após a intervenção educativa, observou-se aumento na média de acertos em todas as variáveis estudadas (p<0,05). A intervenção educativa favorece conhecimento aos ACS, possibilitando mudança no panorama da giardíase e, consequentemente melhora na qualidade de saúde da população.


The objective of this study was to compare the prior knowledge and assimilation of information regarding giardiasis by the Health Community Agents (HCA) from Foz do Iguaçu after educational intervention. This is a comparative study of the quantitative approach using 55 HCA from the northern health district in Foz do Iguaçu. A questionnaire containing 10 yes-or-no questions about giardiasis that was applied in two sequential moments of the research. Initially, a questionnaire was applied for assessing the HCA's prior knowledge regarding giardiasis. Then, the subjects attended a lecture on the disease and then, the questionnaire was applied again for assessing the assimilation of information on giardiasis. The data collected were analyzed using BioEstat 5.0® and the Poisson test with 5% significance. Weak points in the knowledge of the HCA were identified in the previous assessment for the investigated variables (p<0.05). After the educational intervention, there was an increase in the average number of correct answers in all variables studied (p<0.05). The educational intervention favors the retention of knowledge by the HCA, allowing a change in the panorama of giardiasis and, consequently, an improvement in the health quality of the population.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Áreas Fronterizas , Giardiasis/prevención & control , Agentes Comunitarios de Salud/educación , Enfermedades Parasitarias/prevención & control , Atención Primaria de Salud , Contaminación del Agua/prevención & control , Higiene/educación , Saneamiento Básico/prevención & control , Clase , Diarrea/parasitología , Coliformes/análisis , Salud Poblacional
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