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1.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 22(1)2025 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459787

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review of qualitative studies explored interventions to improve student nurses' knowledge, attitudes or willingness to work with older people. Student nurses are likely to encounter older people in all health and aged care settings, however, research demonstrates that few have career aspirations in gerontological nursing. METHODS: Qualitative systematic review method based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. RESULTS: Search of Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, EBSCOhost and Scopus yielded 1841 articles which were screened to include primary research about educational interventions to improve student nurses' knowledge, attitudes and/or willingness to work with older people. Data extraction was performed on the 14 included studies, and data were analysed using directed content analysis. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) was used the assess the quality of the studies. CONCLUSIONS: Educational interventions included theory or practice courses, or a combination of theory and practice. While most interventions changed nursing students' negative attitudes towards older people, few increased their willingness to work with them. Practice courses had the most significant impact on willingness to work with older people. Quality assessment revealed methodical limitations. More research is needed to better understand the elements of practice interventions that enhance student nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to work with older people, so that they can be replicated.


Asunto(s)
Geriatría , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Anciano , Humanos , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Competencia Clínica
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1340418, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699421

RESUMEN

Objective: To ensure the best possible care, the perspective of PHC nurse work experience during the COVID-19 pandemic should be considered when developing nursing care protocols for older patients who receive PHC services. Method: This exploratory qualitative study was conducted with 18 nurses working continuously in PHC between the first and fifth waves of the pandemic. Semi-structured thematic interviews were undertaken. Qualitative thematic content analysis was conducted to identify and group the themes that emerged from the discourse. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: The first topic describes the nurses' experiences of physical and mental suffering in caring for older patients in response to the pandemic. The second topic covers the experience of reorganizing PHC work. The third topic focuses on the difficulties of caring for older patients. The final topic includes issues of support needs for nurses in PHC work. Conclusion: The experience and understanding of PHC nurses in caring for older people during the COVID pandemic should lead to significant changes in the system of nursing care for geriatric patients and in the cooperative role within geriatric care specialist teams. Drawing on the experience of COVID-19, it is necessary to work on the weak points of PHC exposed by the pandemic in order to improve the quality of care and life for geriatric patients.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Investigación Cualitativa , Humanos , COVID-19/enfermería , COVID-19/psicología , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Enfermería Geriátrica , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Entrevistas como Asunto
3.
Behav Neurol ; 2024: 9945392, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725562

RESUMEN

Background: The phenomenon of burnout among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic is a widespread problem with several negative consequences for the healthcare system. The many stressors of the pandemic have led to an increased development of anxiety and depressive disorders in many healthcare workers. In addition, some manifested symptoms of the so-called postpandemic stress syndrome and the emergence of occupational burnout syndrome, commonly referred to as "COVID-19 burnout." The aim of this study was to assess the burnout and life satisfaction of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in 2020-2022 among medical staff working in hospitals in Silesia, Poland. The instruments used to assess life satisfaction and burnout were the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), which assesses three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DEP), and sense of reduced professional accomplishment (SRPA). Results: The study group included 900 participants. There were 300 physicians (mean age 38 ± 7 years), 300 nurses (mean age 35 ± 6 years), and 300 paramedics (mean age 31 ± 5 years). Life satisfaction as measured by the SWLS was lowest among nurses and paramedics in 2021 and among doctors in 2022. Male respondents and those with fewer years of work had higher levels of life satisfaction. People with more years of work had higher scores in EE and DEP and lower scores in SRPA (p = 0.001). We found a negative correlation between life satisfaction and EE (p = 0.001), DEP (p = 0.001), and SRPA (p = 0.002). Conclusions: The results highlight the need for further research into the causes of burnout among medical professionals and the need for effective interventions to promote well-being and prevent burnout in this group.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Personal de Salud , Satisfacción Personal , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Polonia/epidemiología , Adulto , Masculino , Femenino , Personal de Salud/psicología , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Médicos/psicología
4.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 49: 32-37, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734452

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nurses often experience compassion fatigue as a result of exposure to chronic work-related stress. It is thought that nurses' mindfulness levels and patience attitudes might be effective on compassion fatigue. AIM: Therefore, in this study, it is aimed to examine the relationship between nurses' compassion fatigue, mindfulness levels and patience levels. METHODS: The study was carried out in a descriptive and relation-seeking type and was completed with the participation of 469 nurses. Data Form of Demographic and Professional Characteristics, Compassion Fatigue-Short Scale, Mindful Attention Awareness Scale and The Patience Scale were used as data collection tools. FINDINGS: As a result of the research, it was determined that there was a relationship between the mindfulness and patience levels of nurses and compassion fatigue. As the mindfulness and patience levels of nurses increase, compassion fatigue decreases (p < 0.05). As the mindfulness levels of the nurses increase, their patience levels increase as well (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Accordingly, it is recommended to increase the level of patience and reduce compassion fatigue by applying interventions that will increase the mindfulness levels of nurses.


Asunto(s)
Desgaste por Empatía , Atención Plena , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Humanos , Desgaste por Empatía/psicología , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Empatía , Persona de Mediana Edad
5.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 49: 140-148, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734450

RESUMEN

An important factor related to psychological well-being is emotional intelligence and perceived social support. Nurses are exposed to different stressors that are triggered by failing to meet personal needs, taking care of patients, heavy workloads, being exposed to dying patients, fear of committing errors in practice, and experiences of discrimination. Literature suggests that emotional intelligence and perceived social support are associated with psychological well-being. This study aimed to test whether emotional intelligence and perceived social support significantly predict psychological well-being among nurses working in hospitals in Metro Manila through multiple regression analysis. The result shows a high level of emotional intelligence and perceived social support among the respondents. Furthermore, it was also found that nurses have an average level of psychological well-being. There is also a positive relationship between the domains of emotional intelligence, perceived social support, and psychological well-being. Lastly, the results show that the domains of emotional intelligence and perceived social support significantly predict psychological well-being among nurses.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Emocional , Apoyo Social , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Salud Mental , Bienestar Psicológico
6.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 42: e2023127, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695417

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To identify perceptions of primary care health professionals regarding the conceptual aspects of child development and propose strategies to address difficulties. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted in a small municipality in the countryside of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The primary health care in this region is comprised of Family Health Units and Basic Health Units. The sample included 52 participants, consisting of doctors and primary care nurses. A questionnaire with open and closed questions was utilized, covering knowledge and practices related to child development. For this study, the first question of the questionnaire, which asked for a descriptive response about participants' understanding of child development, was employed. The responses were transcribed, and content analysis using the thematic approach was conducted. RESULTS: Among the participants, 54% were nurses, and the average duration of working with the pediatric population was ten years. 80% reported never having undergone training in child development. The analysis of the responses revealed heterogeneity in the professionals' understanding of the conceptual dimension of child development. Additionally, there was an insufficient grasp of the theoretical and practical aspects and a scarcity of resources to support comprehensive care for children. A predominant biomedical model focusing on disease and biological aspects of child health was evident in defining the understanding of the subject. CONCLUSIONS: The findings underscore the necessity of implementing health education initiatives and service projects in primary care settings. It is crucial to strengthen a comprehensive perspective of child health within the biopsychosocial model of the health-disease process.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Desarrollo Infantil , Atención Primaria de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Adulto , Brasil , Persona de Mediana Edad , Médicos de Atención Primaria/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología
7.
J Infus Nurs ; 47(3): 153-154, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744239
8.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 19(1): 193, 2024 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741157

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based gene therapy for haemophilia has advanced substantially in the last 13 years; recently, three products have received approvals from regulatory authorities. Although the impact on quality of life seems promising, some limitations remain, such as the presence of pre-existing anti-AAV neutralising antibodies and the occurrence of hepatotoxicity. This review follows the CSL Behring-sponsored symposium at the 27th Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA) 2022 that examined the haemophilia gene therapy process from a 360-degree multidisciplinary perspective. Here, the faculty (haematologist, nurse and haemophilia patient) summarised their own viewpoints from the symposium, with the aim of highlighting the key considerations required to engage with gene therapy effectively, for both patients and providers, as well as the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration, including with industry. RESULTS: When considering these new therapies, patients face a complex decision-making process, which includes whether gene therapy is right for them at their current stage of life. The authors agreed that collaboration and tailored education across the multidisciplinary team (including patients and their carers/families), starting early in the process and continuing throughout the long-term follow-up period, is key for the success of gene therapy. Additionally, patient expectations, which may surround eligibility, follow-up requirements and treatment outcomes, should be continually explored. During these ongoing discussions, transparent communication of the unknown factors, such as anticipated clotting factor levels, long-term factor expression and safety, and psychological changes, is critical. To ensure efficiency and comprehensiveness, clearly­defined protocols should outline the whole process, which should include the recording and management of long-term effects. CONCLUSION: In order to engage effectively, both patients and providers should be familiar with these key considerations prior to their involvement with the haemophilia gene therapy process. The future after the approval of haemophilia gene therapies remains to be seen and real-world evidence is eagerly awaited.


Asunto(s)
Dependovirus , Terapia Genética , Hemofilia A , Humanos , Terapia Genética/métodos , Hemofilia A/terapia , Hemofilia A/genética , Dependovirus/genética , Médicos , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Calidad de Vida
10.
Curationis ; 47(1): e1-e8, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708759

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND:  Globally, enrolled nurses (ENs) are embarking on an educational journey to become registered nurses (RNs) in order to enhance their knowledge and career opportunities. However, their aspiration is not without challenges. In Namibia, the experiences of these nurses have not been extensively researched. OBJECTIVES:  This study aims to explore and describe the experiences and challenges of ENs undertaking a Bachelor of Nursing Science at the University of Namibia. METHOD:  A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research strategy was followed as the basis of conducting the study. A sample of 15 nursing students was purposively selected from the target population of 73 nursing students. This sample size was determined by the saturation of data as reflected in repeating themes. The collected data were analysed thematically using an inductive approach. RESULTS:  Three main themes subsequently emerged from the study: ENs' positive experiences advancing in the Bachelor of Nursing Science (BNSc) programme; nurses' negative experiences advancing in the BNSc programme; and recommendations to ensure effective advancement in the BNSc programmeConclusion: The findings of this study revealed that ENs positively experience becoming a RN when it comes to self-development; however, they have negative experiences such as not receiving exemptions for prior learning and having to learn a new curriculum.Contribution: These findings may be used by the Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Nursing and Public Health management in order to develop targeted interventions and ongoing strategies during their curriculum review cycles to ensure positive student experiences and success within the programme.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Investigación Cualitativa , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Namibia , Bachillerato en Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Bachillerato en Enfermería/normas , Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/normas , Curriculum/tendencias , Curriculum/normas
11.
Cephalalgia ; 44(5): 3331024241252161, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708967

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nurses work at headache centres throughout Europe, and their care for migraine patients is acknowledged. However, the specific roles and tasks of nursing vary, and a unified understanding is lacking, posing challenges to knowledge sharing and research. OBJECTIVES: Using an e-Delphi study method, the objective is to obtain healthcare professional headache experts' opinions on nursing-specific roles and tasks and combine this into consensus statements for nurse recommendations for migraine treatment. METHODS: A three-round questionnaire study was conducted with nurses and neurologists from 18 specialised headache centres in 10 countries. In round 1, statements were compiled from a systematic examination of existing literature and expert opinions. In rounds 2 and 3, the experts rated the importance of statements (from round 1) on a 5-point Likert scale. Statements were analysed using a content analysis method, and the consensus of pre-defined statements was evaluated with gradually increased predetermined criteria using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Twenty-one experts, representing all 10 countries, participated. The predetermined consensus of ≥70% agreement was reached for 42 out of the initial 63 statements. These statements formed the final recommendations within two themes: "The nurses' roles and tasks in the clinical setting" and "The nurses' roles and tasks in educating patients and colleagues." The consensus level of statements was strong, with 40% receiving unanimous agreement (100%) and 97% achieving relatively high agreement (>80%). CONCLUSION: Nursing plays a vital role with diverse tasks in migraine care. This study offers practical recommendations and a framework for nurses, equipping them with a clinical tool to enhance care and promote a coordinated approach to migraine treatment.


Asunto(s)
Consenso , Técnica Delphi , Rol de la Enfermera , Humanos , Europa (Continente) , Cefalea/terapia , Cefalea/enfermería , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto , Trastornos Migrañosos/enfermería , Trastornos Migrañosos/terapia , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Persona de Mediana Edad
13.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2024: 1554373, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699216

RESUMEN

Aim: To investigate how structural empowerment and power may contribute to and predict the reduction of medical errors. Background: Medical errors threaten patient well-being, leading to adverse outcomes. Improving work conditions holds promise for reducing medical errors among nurses. Methods: A multisite correlational cross-sectional design was utilized. Data were completed by 375 nurses from four hospitals in Jordan. Data collection occurred between September and November 2023 using sociodemographic, structural empowerment, and medical error questionnaires. The study employed descriptive statistics, Pearson r correlation, and serial mediation analysis. Informed consent was obtained from each participant. Results: Pearson r correlation revealed significant negative correlations between medical error and structural empowerment, formal power, and informal power. The conceptual framework was significant and predicted 16% of the variance in medical errors. The mediation analysis confirmed that formal power and informal power mediate the relationship between structural empowerment and medical error. Conclusions and Implications. This study sheds light on the intricate connection of structural empowerment, formal and informal power, and their collective impact on reducing medical errors. Understanding and addressing these dynamics allows nurses and administrators to achieve a culture of patient safety. Reduction of medical errors is paramount to a safe healthcare environment that prioritizes patient outcomes. Strategies should be fostered to enhance structural empowerment, refine formal power structures, and leverage the positive aspects of informal networks.


Asunto(s)
Empoderamiento , Errores Médicos , Humanos , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Masculino , Adulto , Jordania , Errores Médicos/prevención & control , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Análisis de Mediación , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Poder Psicológico
14.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0300853, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709736

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pain is the most misunderstood, underdiagnosed, and undertreated/untreated medical problem, particularly in children. The main aim of this study was to assess practice and factors associated with pediatrics pain management among nurses working in Bahir Dar city public hospitals, Amhara region, North West Ethiopia, 2022. METHOD: An institutional-based cross-sectional concurrent mixed study design was conducted on randomly selected 421 nurses from November 1 to 30/2022. Purposively selected 8 nurses in different positions and qualifications were included in a qualitative study. A structured self-administered questionnaire and a semi-structured in-depth interview questionnaire were used for data collection. Epi info version 7.1 was used for data entry and SPSS version 25 was used for analysis. ATLAS ti version 7.0 and thematic analysis were used for qualitative study. Binary logistic regression was done to identify predictor variables associated with outcome variables at p <0.05 with a 95% confidence interval. Hosmer and Lemeshow's tests were checked for model goodness of fit, which was 0.71. RESULT: The good practice of pediatric pain management among nurses for hospitalized children was 216 (53.6%) (95% CI- 48.4% to 58.3%). Knowledge [AOR = 3.95; 95%CI: (2.30, 6.79)], attitude [AOR = 2.57; 95% CI: (1.53-4.30)], qualified in BSC pediatrics and child health nurses [AOR = 6.53; 95%CI: (1.56-27.25)], year of experience in pediatrics unit [(AOR = 1.92; 95% CI: (1.03-3.56)] and gating pain management training [AOR = 3.31; 95% CI: (1.73-6.33)] were significant factors. Four themes inadequate knowledge of pain assessment and management practice, inadequate professional commitment, organization-related factors, and impacts of family knowledge, culture, and economic status were explored. CONCLUSION: Only half of the participants had good practice. Knowledge, attitude, nurses qualified in BSC pediatrics and child health, years of experience in the pediatrics department, and pain management training were associated factors. From the qualitative findings, the unavailability of anti-pain drugs, lack of training, assessment tools, continuous monitoring and evaluation, updated protocols, shortage of resources, and others were the barriers to proper pain management. This study concludes that applying effective pain management practices to hospitalized children remains a challenge. Therefore, it is better to put further effort towards improving pediatric pain management practice.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales Públicos , Manejo del Dolor , Humanos , Femenino , Etiopía , Masculino , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Niño , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Adulto Joven , Persona de Mediana Edad
15.
Nurs Health Sci ; 26(2): e13124, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692579

RESUMEN

The mortality rates among critically ill patients with COVID-19 have been high. The national and institutional infection control policies and resource shortages caused by the pandemic led patients to undergo deaths without dignity and inevitably changed intensive care unit (ICU) end-of-life care (EOLC) practices. This study explores ICU nurses' experiences of providing EOLC for patients with COVID-19 who died. Eight nurses participated in a qualitative phenomenological study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from July to September 2022. Colaizzi's data analysis method was used, and the following four main themes emerged: (i) only companion in the death journey; (ii) helping families prepare for death; (iii) EOLC trapped within a framework; and (iv) EOLC in retrospect. To secure high-quality EOLC in ICU, it is important to promote practical support for nurses and EOLC-related discussions/education. Technical support, such as digital communication technologies, should be reinforced to help patients and their families participate in EOLC.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Investigación Cualitativa , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , COVID-19/enfermería , COVID-19/psicología , Cuidado Terminal/métodos , Cuidado Terminal/psicología , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/organización & administración , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Actitud del Personal de Salud
16.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 144(5): 577-584, 2024.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692934

RESUMEN

We conducted a multicenter survey of emergency room nurses to obtain information that would be useful for the establishment of pharmacist services in emergency rooms. Notably, 199 valid responses were obtained from 12 hospitals. The most common expectation from pharmacists in the emergency room was "drug management" (70.9%), followed by "providing information to physicians regarding the patient's medication history" (59.3%), and "auditing of dosage and interaction" (57.3%). The working arrangements that the survey respondents wanted regarding pharmacists in emergency rooms were: 24 h pharmacist (41.7% wanted this arrangement), day-shift pharmacist (24.6% wanted this arrangement), 24 h on-call (17.1% wanted this arrangement), day-shift on-call (5.0% wanted this arrangement), telephone support (11.1% wanted this arrangement), and 0.5% said that there was no need for pharmacists. In the analysis of factors affecting nurse satisfaction, day-shift pharmacist was a significant factor. We hope that the results of this survey will be used as a guide for the development of emergency room pharmacist services tailored to the unique characteristics and actual working conditions of each hospital.


Asunto(s)
Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Farmacéuticos , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Humanos , Japón , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Adulto , Femenino , Masculino , Rol Profesional , Persona de Mediana Edad
17.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 32: e4173, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés, Español, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695430

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between death distress, psychological adjustment, optimism, pessimism and perceived stress among nurses working during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: this study was designed as cross-sectional/cohort. The population of the study involved 408 nurses from Northern Cyprus, which are registered as full members of the Nurse Council. The sample comprised 214 nurses, who volunteered to participate in the study. The study data was collected using a web-based online survey (Demographic form, the Coronavirus Stress Measure, The Optimism and Pessimism Questionnaire, The Brief Adjustment Scale-6, The Death Distress Scale). RESULTS: the results indicated that perceived stress significantly and negatively predicted optimism (ß = -0.21, p < 0.001) and pessimism (ß = 0.38, p < 0.001). Perceived stress had significant and positive predictive effects on psychological adjustment (ß = 0.31, p < 0.001) and death distress (ß = 0.17, p < 0.01). Further analysis results revealed that pessimism mediates the association of stress with psychological adjustment and death distress; however, optimism only mediates the effect of stress on psychological adjustment among nurses. CONCLUSION: a low level of pessimism is effective in strengthening nurses' psychological adjustment skills againt perceived stress and death distress. Nurses should consider behavioral strategies to help reduce the level of pessimism during periods such as pandemics. BACKGROUND: (1) High levels of perceived stress increased higher score of psychological adjustment. (2) Pessimism mediates the association of stress with adjustment and death distress. (3) Optimism only mediates the effect of stress on psychological adjustment among nurses.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Optimismo , Pandemias , Pesimismo , Humanos , COVID-19/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Optimismo/psicología , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Pesimismo/psicología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ajuste Emocional , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Chipre , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Adaptación Psicológica , Estudios de Cohortes , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Distrés Psicológico , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
18.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1365509, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711765

RESUMEN

Background: Continuing education is important for the quality of clinical practice because it complements it and focuses primarily on producing qualified pre-hospital nurses with operationally defined competence in nursing standards. The objective of this study was to assess pre-hospital nurses' opinion of the impact of professional development sessions on their clinical practice. Method: A descriptive and quantitative study was carried out involving Portuguese pre-hospital nurses. Six professional development sessions were presented in 2020 to pre-hospital registered nurses in four of Portugal's main cities. To collect the data, at the end of each session, we apply a questionnaire designed specifically for this study. This data collection instrument consists of 11 questions, six designed to evaluate the session and five designed to evaluate the trainer responsible for the session. A five-point Likert scale was used for each question, where 1 corresponds to very dissatisfied and 5 to extremely satisfied. Results: Two hundred and two nurses, which represents 55% of all Portuguese pre-hospital nurses, took part in the assessment of the professional development sessions. The nurses were from the Northern region of Portugal (51%; n = 102), the Centre region (29%; n = 59) and the Southern region of Portugal (20%; n = 41). Nurses found the session extremely satisfactory. All the assessment scores ranged between 4.4 and 4.7 points, on a scale of 1 to 5. 76.2% of the participants considered that the knowledge acquired could have a major impact [score = 5] on their future clinical practice. The majority of pre-hospital nurses (96.5%) felt that the session could have a major impact [score = 5; 76.2%, n = 154] or a very important impact [score = 4; 20.3%, n = 41] on their clinical practice. Conclusion: The professional development sessions provide pre-hospital nurses with the latest research findings and the majority of nurses considered that the training had a huge impact on their clinical practice. However, it is important that future research aims to explore the cause-effect relationship between training and improved clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Humanos , Portugal , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Femenino , Masculino , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Heridas y Lesiones , Educación Continua en Enfermería , Percepción
19.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1352983, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694990

RESUMEN

Background: Levels of self-awareness may affect the decision-making ability of clinical nurses and may also be related to mental health. Therefore, it is crucial to develop tools to identify nurses' level of self-awareness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a short scale among Chinese nurses and to explore the factors associated with nurses' self-awareness. Methods: A total of 957 participants were recruited, 549 participants were used for reliability tests and 408 subjects were used for impact factor studies. They completed the General Information Questionnaire, the Self-Awareness Scale for Nurses, and the Psychological Distress Scale. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and retest reliability were used to investigate the psychometric properties of the Self-Awareness Scale for Nurses. Multiple regression analyses were used in this study to investigate the relationship between nurses' self-awareness and the independent variables. Results: A 4-factor model of the Chinese version of the Self-Awareness Scale for Nurses was validated. The overall Cronbach's alpha value for the Chinese version of the Self-Awareness Scale for Nurses was 0.873. Cronbach's alpha values for each subscale ranged from 0.808 to 0.979. Significant predictors of each dimension of the Self-awareness and the total score of the scale were age and work experience. Conclusion: The Chinese version of the Self-Awareness Scale for Nurses is a valid and reliable scale.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Psicometría , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , China , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis Factorial , Concienciación , Traducciones
20.
Nursing ; 54(5): 48-51, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640035

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Nurses face numerous stressors due to increasing patient acuity, challenging staffing ratios, and trauma from the COVID-19 pandemic, among many other factors. To help improve nurses' daily self-care, nurses need diverse tools and interventions, such as peer support through text messaging (TM). This article evaluates the benefits of TM and strategies to use TM in providing effective peer support among nurses.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Envío de Mensajes de Texto , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología
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