Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
1.
J Prof Nurs ; 35(2): 93-100, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902412

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The New Careers in Nursing (NCIN) program provided scholarships and other supports to accelerated degree students at 130 nursing schools and collected data from the scholars at three time-points. PURPOSE: The NCIN database was analyzed to identify gender-based differences in scholars' profile characteristics, program experiences, and post-graduation outcomes. METHOD: An adaptation of Jeffreys's Nursing Universal Retention and Success Model guided the analysis. Gender differences were assessed after multiplicity adjustments for false positive rates. RESULTS: Differences based on gender were found for profile characteristics, student affective factors, academic factors, professional integration factors, environmental factors, as well as academic, psychological and NCIN program outcomes. Results suggest that males were influenced by economic factors more than females when choosing nursing as a career. They had fewer concerns about financial aspects associated with being a student again yet secured employment sooner after graduation than female scholars. They did not view support services as important as did female students. They expressed confidence in their leadership competence more than their female counterparts. CONCLUSION: Efforts are needed to better understand and address the nuanced gender-based perceptions and needs of nursing students who are male.


Asunto(s)
Empleo/economía , Relaciones Interpersonales , Percepción , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Educación en Enfermería , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Nurse Educ Today ; 71: 111-115, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30278334

RESUMEN

The UK nursing workforce is facing a crisis. More nurses are leaving than entering the profession, and there are tens of thousands of unfilled vacancies. Political factors are having a significant impact on numbers, in particular the decision to withdraw bursaries for nursing undergraduates, and a steep decline in EU nurses registering to work in the UK post-Brexit. Against this backdrop, there is a stark gender imbalance in the workforce, with only around 11% of registered nurses being male. We surveyed UK higher education institutions to try to identify whether the gendered nature of nursing was considered a concern and whether steps were being taken to address it. We sent an electronic survey to every UK university offering undergraduate nurse training validated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). With a response rate of 42%, the majority of respondents felt that nursing departments should take much more responsibility to increase the proportion of male nurses entering the nursing profession. More needs to be done to diversify the workforce and make nursing an appealing career choice for men and women.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/provisión & distribución , Selección de Personal/métodos , Adulto , Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Selección de Personal/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido , Universidades/organización & administración , Universidades/estadística & datos numéricos
3.
Nurs Outlook ; 66(2): 160-167, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29037502

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, The Future of Nursing, included recommendations to increase nurse diversity, the percent of nurses obtaining a bachelor's degree, and inter-professional education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report the progress toward achievement of these recommendations. METHODS: We used a longitudinal, multi-state data from four cohorts of nurses newly licensed in 2004 to 2005, 2007 to 2008, 2010 to 2011, and 2014 to 2015 to examine and compare the trends. FINDING: The percentage of males who became licensed increased, from 8.8% in 2004 to 2005 cohort to 13.6% in the 2014 to 2015 cohort. The percentage of white-non-Hispanic nurses who were licensed decreased from 78.9% in 2007 to 2008 to 73.8% in 2014 to 2015. These differences primarily reflect an increase in white-Hispanic nurses. More nurses are obtaining a bachelor's degree as their first professional degree, from 36.6% in 2004 to 2005 cohort to 48.5% in 2014 to 2015 cohort. About 40% of the 2014 to 2015 cohort reported that they learned to work in inter-professional teams. Collegial nurse-physician relations had an upward positive trajectory over time increasing almost 7%. DISCUSSION: The diversity and education of new nurses have increased, but are short of meeting the IOM recommendations.


Asunto(s)
Grupos de Población Continentales/estadística & datos numéricos , Educación en Enfermería/tendencias , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/tendencias , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Educación en Enfermería/economía , Educación en Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Licencia en Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Licencia en Enfermería/tendencias , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/tendencias , Grupo de Atención al Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Estados Unidos
4.
Cult. cuid ; 21(48): 219-232, mayo-ago. 2017.
Artículo en Portugués | IBECS | ID: ibc-167403

RESUMEN

Estudo cujos objetivos foram identificar e analisar produções científicas sobre a inserção masculina no exercício da Enfermagem. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa com amostra de 47 artigos publicados em bancos de dados nacionais e internacionais. O método utilizado foi uma estratégia de busca onde articulou-se as palavras-chaves com os boleanos AND e OR em diferentes combinações para encontrar o maior número de produções. Os resultados permitiram construir quatro categorias: o exercício da enfermagem por homens se deu no contexto religioso e pela sua força física; a feminilização da enfermagem se deu pela modernização por Florence Nightingale; o homem na Enfermagem alcança mais facilmente cargos de poder e prestigio por sua masculinidade e os enfermeiros exercem a profissão também por realização pessoal embora sofram preconceito. Concluiu-se que a Enfermagem continua sendo majoritariamente feminina, mas com a presença masculina aumentando gradativamente. Os homens, ao se inserirem na enfermagem, desenvolvem estratégias para superar as dificuldades de ser homem e tornar-se enfermeiro (AU)


Estudios cuyos objetivos han sido identificar y analizar producciones científicas sobre la inserción masculina en el ejercicio de la enfermería. Se trata de una revisión integrativa con amuestra de 47 artículos publicados en bancos de datos nacionales e internacionales. El método utilizado fue una estrategia de búsqueda donde se articuló las palabras claves con los booleanos AND y OR en distintas combinaciones para encontrar el mayor número de producciones. Los resultados permitieron construir cuatros categorías: el ejercicio de la enfermería por hombres se inició en el contexto religioso y por su fuerza física, la feminización de la enfermería empezó por la modernización con Florence Nightingale: el hombre en la enfermería alcanza con más facilidad cargos de poder y prestigio por su masculinidad y los enfermeros también ejercen la profesión por realización personal aunque sufran prejuicios. Se concluye que la enfermería sigue siendo mayormente femenina, pero la presencia masculina ha aumentado gradualmente. Los hombres, al integrarse en la enfermería, desarrollan estrategia para superar las dificultades de ser hombre y hacerse enfermero (AU)


Study whose objectives were to identify and analyze scientific production about the male insertion in the practice of nursing. This was an integrative review with sample of 47 articles published in national and international databases. The method used was a search strategy where an articulated the keywords with the words AND and OR in different combinations to find as many productions. The results showed four categories: the practice of nursing by men occurred in there ligious context and its physical strength; the feminization of nursing occurred by modernization with Florence Nightingale; it is easier to man in nursing to achieve power positions because of their masculinity and they also exercising the profession for personal fulfillment though they suffer preconception. It was concluded that nursing is still predominantly female but with the male presence gradually increasing. It was observed that for men to integrate into the nursing they develop strategies to overcome the difficulties of being a man and become nurse (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Enfermería , Enfermería/organización & administración , Educación en Enfermería , Género y Salud , Enfermeros/organización & administración , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/normas , Enfermeros/educación , Enfermeros/tendencias , Historia de la Enfermería
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 21(2): e20170035, 2017. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-840479

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Descrever as percepções de docentes e de profissionais da assistência acerca da integração do técnico de enfermagem na Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem (SAE). Métodos: Trata-se de estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa. Participaram sete docentes e 13 técnicos de enfermagem vinculados a um hospital universitário do Nordeste brasileiro. A coleta de dados ocorreu a partir da técnica do grupo focal e o conteúdo textual foi submetido à análise lexicográfica. Resultados: As percepções dos docentes resultaram na análise de quatro classes: potencialidades da integração do técnico na SAE; entraves e fragilidades; formação dos técnicos; e ensino em serviço como primordial. Quanto às opiniões dos técnicos, três classes foram analisadas: representações subjetivas; potencialidades da SAE; e possibilidades de contribuição do técnico de enfermagem. Conclusão: Docentes e profissionais da assistência descrevem as potencialidades da integração do técnico de enfermagem na SAE e a reconhecem como condicionante para efetivação deste método de trabalho.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Enfermeros no Diplomados/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Proceso de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Planificación de Atención al Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos
6.
Divulg. saúde debate ; 57: 106-120, dez. 2017. tab
Artículo en Portugués | Repositorio RHS | ID: biblio-880463

RESUMEN

RESUMO Objetivou-se identificar os conceitos e determinantes da migração qualificada; a produção de conhecimento sobre migração dos enfermeiros da América do Sul e do Mercosul e analisar a migração dos enfermeiros sul-americanos e mercosulinos. A literatura foi levantada na base Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) e na internet,tendo como critério de inclusão os estudos de migrantes na América do Sul e Mercosul. Apresentaram-se com maior intensidade: a migração extrarregional e temporária; a migração intrarregional oriunda dos países subdependentes e, no Mercosul, a permanência da incipiente migração. Como lacunas de conhecimento, destacaram-se as vivências dos migrantes e estudos dos enfermeiros brasileiros na migração extrarregional.(AU)


ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to identify the concepts and determinants of qualified migration; the production of knowledge on migration of nurses from South America and Mercosur, and analyze the migration of nurses from South America and from Mercosur. Literature was collected in the Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) database and on the internet, with the criteria for inclusion of the studies of migrants in South America and Mercosur. It was presented with greater intensity: the extrarregional and temporary migration; the intraregional migration from underdeveloped countries and, within Mercosur, the permanence of the incipient migration. As for the knowledge gaps, the experiences of migrants and studies of Brazilian nurses in extrarregional migration were highlighted.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , /tendencias , Fuerza Laboral en Salud , Enfermeros , América del Sur , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Mercosur , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/organización & administración , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos
7.
Am J Mens Health ; 10(6): 450-458, 2016 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25595018

RESUMEN

The aim of this research was to compare the health and lifestyle behaviors between male and female nursing professionals. Biological, workplace, and lifestyle factors as well as health behaviors and outcomes are reported as different between male and female nurses. Although male nurses show distinct health-related patterns and experience health disparities at work, few studies have investigated health differences by sex in a large cohort group of nursing professionals. This observation study of Australian and New Zealand nurses and midwives drew data from an eCohort survey. A cohort of 342 females was generated by SPSS randomization (total N=3625), to compare against 342 participating males. Measures for comparison include health markers and behaviors, cognitive well-being, workplace and leisure-time vitality, and functional capacity. Findings suggest that male nurses had a higher BMI, sat for longer, slept for less time, and were more likely to be a smoker than their female nurse counterparts. Men were more likely to report restrictions in bending, bathing, and dressing. In relation to disease, male nurses reported greater rates of respiratory disease and cardiovascular disease, including a three times greater incidence of myocardial infarction, and were more likely to have metabolic problems. In contrast, however, male nurses were more likely to report feeling calm and peaceful with less worries about their health. Important for nurse workforce administrators concerned about the well-being of their staff, the current study reveals significant sex differences and supports the need for gender-sensitive approaches to aid the well-being of male nurses.


Asunto(s)
Rol de la Enfermera/psicología , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Australia , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Masculino , Nueva Zelanda , Enfermeros/psicología , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Adulto Joven
8.
Nurs Outlook ; 63(6): 680-90, 2015.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26362946

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite recent attempts at increasing health care workforce diversity, a measure that was found to reduce health disparities, men remain a minority in the traditionally female occupation of nursing. One exception to this observation is the Arab ethnic minority in Israel that includes numerous male nurses. OBJECTIVE: Determining the percentage of Arab male nurses in the Israeli health care system and understanding how they perceive and negotiate their masculinity. METHODOLOGY: We used both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Quantitative statistics were obtained from the 2011 to 2013 Labor Force Survey conducted by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics and qualitative data derived from 13 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with Arab nurses working in Israeli public hospitals, conducted during 2014. FINDINGS: Nursing constitutes a prominent employment path for Arab men in Israel and is more prominent as an employment path for Arab men than that for Jewish men. A total of 38.6% of all Arab nurses were men and only 7.5% of Jews and others. Quantitative data thus reveal that men do not constitute a minority among Arab nurses. Similarly, qualitative findings show that Arab male nurses do not manifest marginal masculinity but rather demonstrate many elements of hegemonic masculinity. Arab male nurses distinguish themselves and differentiate their roles from those of female nurses, expressing their motives for choosing the nursing profession in terms of hegemonic gender roles for men in Arab society in Israel. CONCLUSIONS: Although nursing is a traditionally female occupation, it offers an opportunity for Arab men to demonstrate their masculinity. Arab male nurses choose nursing as a means rather than an end, however, meaning that many of them might not remain in the profession. This observation is significant because of the importance of retaining men from ethnic minorities in nursing, especially in multicultural societies.


Asunto(s)
Árabes , Masculinidad , Enfermeros , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Diversidad Cultural , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Israel , Masculino , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Rol
9.
Rev. mex. enferm. cardiol ; 22(2): 53-59, mayo-ago-2014. graf
Artículo en Español | BDENF - Enfermería | ID: bde-29176

RESUMEN

Introducción: La intervención tanatológica con grupos de encuentro es una estrategia que se propone para la reeducación emocional, experimentación y autocontrol de las emociones, restableciendo la resolución de problemas. Objetivo: Determinar el efecto que tiene una intervención tanatológica en el estado emocional del paciente cardiópata y de los familiares. Material y métodos: Estudio comparativo, prospectivo y transversal. Muestra no probabilística por conveniencia (n = 309), incluyó 159 pacientes hospitalizados y 150 familiares, ambos sexos; se eliminaron participantes que llegaron tarde o interrumpieron la sesión. Previo consentimiento, contestaron antes y después de la intervención una cédula ex profeso, que valora estados emocionales con escala de respuesta: nada = 0, poco = 1 y mucho = 2. Intervención tanatológica de modalidad intensiva, con técnicas de musicoterapia, terapia de juego, expresión emotiva e imaginería. Datos analizados con frecuencias, porcentajes, media y prueba de Wilcoxon, significancia p ‹ 0.05. Resultados: En ambos grupo predominó el sexo femenino, 53% en pacientes y 66.7% en familiares: 54.4% de pacientes con edad entre 50-70 años y 73.3% de familiares entre 19-49 años. Posterior a la intervención, en los pacientes disminuyeron las emociones desagradables, considerando poco y mucho temor, confusión, cansancio y aburrimiento, y los agradables incrementaron en poco o mucho, como la alegría, seguridad, reflexión y realización; mientras que en los familiares se encontró el mismo fenómeno en las emociones agradables y desagradables, siendo un cambio estadísticamente significativo (p ‹ 0.05). Conclusión: La intervención tanatológica disminuye las emociones desagradables y aumenta las agradables. Lo anterior abre la posibilidad de que los participantes reactiven mecanismos de afrontamiento y resolución de problemas.(AU)


Introduction: Thanatological intervention group meeting is proposed for emotional re-education, experimentation and self-control of emotions strategy, restoring the capacity for problem solving. Objective: To determine the effect of a thanatological intervention in the emotional state of the cardiac patient and family. Material and methods: Comparative, prospective, cross-sectional study. Non-probability sample for convenience (n = 309) included 159 inpatients and 150 relatives both sexes; participants who arrived late or interrupted the session were removed. Previous consent, they answered before and after the intervention an intentional writ, that values emotional states with a response scale of: nothing = 0, a bit = 1 and much = 2. Thanatological intervention of intensive modality, with techniques of music therapy, play therapy, emotional expression and imagery. Data analyzed with frequency, percentage, mean and Wilcoxon test, significance p ‹ 0.05. Results: In both groups predominated female, 53% in patients and 66.7% in families: 54.4% of patients aged 50-70 years and 73.3% of families between 19-49 years. After the intervention, patients decreased unpleasant emotions, considering slight and great fear, confusion, fatigue and boredom, and increased pleasant emotions a little or a lot, such as joy, security, reflection and realization; while in the family members the same phenomenon was found in the pleasant and unpleasant emotions, being statistically significant (p ‹ 0.05). Conclusion: Thanatological intervention decreases unpleasant and increases pleasant emotions. This opens the possibility that participants reactivate coping mechanisms and problem solving capacity.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Tanatología , Enfermeros/psicología , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos
10.
Rev. cuba. salud trabajo ; 15(1)20140000. tab
Artículo en Español | CUMED | ID: cum-60420

RESUMEN

Se realizó un estudio con diseño observacional, descriptivo de corte longitudinal y retrospectivo para caracterizar la mortalidad en médicos y enfermeros del municipio Arroyo Naranjo en el período 2001-2010. El universo estuvo constituido por 82 fallecidos médicos y enfermeros. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, categoría ocupacional y causa de defunción; además, se determinaron años de vida potencialmente perdidos y años de vida laboralmente perdidos. Se utilizaron por cientos, tasas y promedios. El promedio de edad de los fallecidos fue de 53 ± 11 años; el 67,8 por ciento fueron mujeres; la proporción de fallecidos enfermeros fue significativamente diferente, con un 71,7 por ciento (p=0,000). Los tumores malignos ocuparon el primer lugar, con un 43,9 por ciento, seguido de las enfermedades del sistema circulatorio, con 31,7 por ciento; se mostró el mayor riesgo de morir por cáncer de pulmón e infarto agudo del miocardio; por tumores malignos se dejó de vivir 776 años y los enfermeros perdieron 720 años de vida laboral(AU)


A study with observational design, descriptive of longitudinal and retrospective court was carried out to determine the magnitude and characterization the mortality in physicians and nurses of the municipality of Arroyo Naranjo , in the period 2001-2010. The universe was constituted by 82 physicians and nurses. The variables were: age, sex, occupational category, death cause. There were also determined rates years of life potentially lost and years of life occupationally lost. Percents, rates, averages were used. The average of age was 53 ± 11 years, 67,8 percent of the deceases was women; the proportion of deceases nurses was significantly different, with 71,7 percent (p=0,000). The malign tumors occupied the first place with 43,9 percent, followed by the illnesses of the circulatory system with 31,7 percent; a bigger risk was shown of dying for lung cancer and acute myocardial infarction; for malign tumors they got lost 776 years of life and nurses got lost 720 years of labor life(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Años Potenciales de Vida Perdidos , Años de vida Ajustados por la Incapacidad , Causa Básica de Muerte , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Mortalidad/etnología , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios Longitudinales , Estudios Observacionales como Asunto
11.
Rev. mex. enferm. cardiol ; 22(1): 13-16, ene-abr.2014. graf
Artículo en Español | BDENF - Enfermería | ID: bde-29171

RESUMEN

Introducción: El personal de enfermería, como el resto de la población, está expuesto a factores de riesgo cardiovascular que se define como la probabilidad de padecer enfermedad cardiovascular en un periodo de 10 años. Objetivo: Identificar el nivel de riesgo cardiovascular según Framingham en personal de enfermería que labora en un hospital de segundo nivel de atención. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo y transversal en muestra probabilística de 194 integrantes del personal de enfermería hospitalario. Los instrumentos fueron: encuesta sociodemográfica y de salud, formato para vaciamiento para tensión arterial sistólica y escala de riesgo cardiovascular de Framingham (para contextos donde no se mide colesterol). El procesamiento de datos se realizó en SPSS versión 18 y fueron analizados con estadística descriptiva (medidas de centro, dispersión) y frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: La media de edad fue de 39.5 años (DT = 8.5), con predominio del género femenino en 95.4%; el 13.3% refirió tabaquismo positivo y el 57.9% manifestó antecedente familiar de enfermedad cardiovascular; el 90.8% no padece diabetes mellitus y el 88.2% no sufre de hipertensión arterial sistémica. En cuanto a la tensión arterial sistólica, la media fue de 109.54 mmHg; respecto a la predicción de riesgo de padecer enfermedad cardiovascular, el 66.3% se encontró con muy bajo riesgo y el 12% se ubicó entre riesgo de moderado a alto. Conclusiones: El nivel de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular en personal de enfermería fue “muy bajo” según escala de Framingham. Es necesario hacer énfasis en la reducción de factores de riesgo modificables y fomentar las conductas de salud para mantener un riesgo bajo y retrasar la presentación de enfermedad cardiovascular.(AU)


Introduction: The nursing staff and the rest of the population is exposed to cardiovascular risk factors, this is defined as the probability of developing cardiovascular disease within 10 years. Objective: Identify the level of cardiovascular risk according to Framingham in nurses working in a hospital in secondary care. Methodology: Descriptive cross sectional study of random sample of 194 members of the hospital nursing staff. The instruments were: socio-demographic and health survey; emptying format for systolic blood pressure; and Cardiovascular Risk Scale Framingham (for contexts where no cholesterol is measured). Data processing was SPSS version 18 and were analyzed with descriptive statistics (measures of center, dispersion) and absolute and relative frequencies. Results: The mean age was 39.5 years (SD = 8.5), with women (95.4%) prevalence; 13.3% reported positive smoking and 57.9% reported a family history of cardiovascular disease, 90.8% reported not suffering Diabetes Mellitus, like 88.2% did not suffer from hypertension. Regarding the systolic blood pressure, the average was 109.54 mmHg. Regarding the prediction of risk for cardiovascular disease, 66.3% were found at very low risk and only 12% was between temper risk to high risk. Conclusions: The level of risk for cardiovascular disease in nursing staff was “very low” according to Framingham. It is necessary to emphasize the reduction of modifiable risk factors and promote health behaviors to maintain a low risk and delay the presentation of cardiovascular disease.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Riesgos Laborales , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/tendencias
12.
Nurs Health Sci ; 16(3): 307-13, 2014 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24636021

RESUMEN

The stereotypical public image of nursing is a major concern for male nurses around the world. In this study, we explored how Iranian male nurses perceived the public view of nurses, and their perceptions of themselves. A qualitative descriptive design and content analysis were used to obtain data from 18 purposely-selected male hospital nurses with a baccalaureate nursing degree in Tabriz, Iran. Semistructured interviews were conducted and analyzed. Two main themes emerged: (i) the outsider's view of nursing, which referred to the participants' perceptions of their public image; and (ii) the insider's view, which related to the male nurses' perceptions of themselves. Results included personal transition into a positive professional self-image through the educational process, and continued public perception of nursing as a female profession ill-suited for a man. Strategies to improve the insider's and outsider's views of nursing are listed to help recruit and retain more Iranian male nurses.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Rol de la Enfermera , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Enfermeros/psicología , Autoimagen , Adulto , Hospitales Públicos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Irán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Enfermeros/educación , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Percepción , Competencia Profesional , Rol Profesional , Investigación Cualitativa , Factores Sexuales , Desarrollo de Personal , Adulto Joven
13.
BMC Res Notes ; 7: 61, 2014 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24460669

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints are an important occupational problem; nevertheless, few studies have targeted nurses in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among nursing personnel at a tertiary centre in Jeddah. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was performed in which full-time registered nurses from four different departments (n = 200) were selected for analysis between September 1, 2011 and February 29, 2012. Musculoskeletal symptoms over the past year were assessed using the Nordic Standardised Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In addition to demographic questions, the researcher evaluated employment history, physical risk factors at work, and general health status. RESULTS: In this study, approximately 85% of the nurses reported experiencing at least one musculoskeletal symptom. Musculoskeletal symptoms occurred most commonly in the lower back (65.7%), ankles and feet (41.5%), and shoulders (29%). Prolonged working hours and being underweight were significantly associated with the development of these symptoms (OR 3.66, 95% CI 1.24-10.79, P = 0.018, and OR 2.66, 95% CI 1.37-5.93, P = 0.004, respectively). Working in the surgical department was a greater risk factor for low back pain compared with working in other departments. CONCLUSIONS: WMSDs are common among our nurses, and back pain is the most common symptom. As prolonged working hours and being underweight were factors that contributed most to WMSDs, decreasing shift durations or offering nutrition educational programmes may be suitable solutions. However, further studies are required to examine the best modality for decreasing the occurrence of WMSDs.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiología , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermería , Enfermedades Profesionales/epidemiología , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Adulto , Artralgia/epidemiología , Dolor de Espalda/epidemiología , Comorbilidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Departamentos de Hospitales , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Prevalencia , Factores de Riesgo , Arabia Saudita , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Delgadez/epidemiología , Tolerancia al Trabajo Programado , Adulto Joven
14.
Rev Infirm ; (194): 29-30, 2013 Oct.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24288888

RESUMEN

Private practice, a sector which attracts male nurses. Although the proportion of women and men within the nursing profession remains stable, the representation of male nurses in private practice has been increasing steadily since 2002 which raises certain questions. This article attempts to explain this phenomenon.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Práctica Privada de Enfermería/tendencias , Humanos , Masculino
16.
Am J Mens Health ; 7(4): 295-305, 2013 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23339129

RESUMEN

In Hong Kong, males constituted only about 10.2% of the nursing workforce in 2010. The learning experiences of male nursing students in Hong Kong during their clinical practicum have rarely been explored. If these students cannot maintain their psychological well-being and psychological health in formal education and clinical placements, then their physical health will also suffer. This ethnographic qualitative study gave male nursing students in Hong Kong a chance to voice their experiences during their clinical practicum. Selected through snowball sampling, 18 male nursing students from a local university participated in individual face-to-face semistructured interviews. The data were processed with content analysis. The findings indicated that male students not only received more support and understanding from male rather than female members of staff but endured a certain amount of oppression while working in female wards. According to the students' comments on nursing culture, the work climate of male nursing students could be improved by reorganizing the clinical placements and providing extra support to male nursing students.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Grupos Minoritarios/psicología , Enfermeros/psicología , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Educación en Enfermería/métodos , Femenino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Evaluación de Necesidades , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigación Cualitativa , Factores de Riesgo , Muestreo , Adulto Joven
17.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2012. 140 p. ilus, graf.
Tesis en Portugués | LILACS | ID: lil-756104

RESUMEN

Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental, retrospectiva de fonte secundária,que adota uma abordagem quantitativa descritiva-exploratória. A partir da constatação de altos índices de absenteísmo nas unidades hospitalares, despertou-se o interesse em estudar os custos diretos das doenças ocupacionais que levam aos afastamentos e seu impacto econômico para o orçamento de recursos humanos de um hospital universitário do Rio de Janeiro. Neste contexto, definiu-se como objeto de estudo, o impacto econômico do absenteísmo por doença na equipe de enfermagem e, como objetivos: identificar as causas prevalentes de afastamentos no hospital universitário, de acordo com Classificação Internacional de Doenças e Problemas Relacionados a Saúde (CID-10); estimar os custos diretos mínimos das doenças que afastaram o trabalhador de enfermagem; estimar o custo real aproximado do absenteísmo relacionado a 1 (um) dia de trabalho prestado pelos trabalhadores de enfermagem, com projeção de 1 (um) mês e 1(um) ano numa visão operacional do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Foi utilizada uma amostra estratificada de prontuários dos profissionais de saúde da equipe de enfermagem (enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem), a partir do seguinte critério de inclusão: profissionais de enfermagem concursados com afastamento no ano de 2010 e com diagnóstico médico determinante do afastamento, definido claramente. Para a coleta das informações foi feita a apreciação dos documentos arquivados no Serviço de Saúde do Trabalhador do hospital estudado e contou com a apreciação de especialistas médicos relativos aos grupos de diagnósticos estudados, orientados por roteiros criados pela pesquisadora. Os dados foram analisados e armazenados no programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) versão 15 e no editor Microsoft excel 2003...


It is a documentary research, retrospective from secondary source , which adopts a quantitative descriptive- exploratory aprouch. From the observation of high rates of absenteeism in hospital the interest in studying the direct costs of occupational diseases that lead cleareances and their economic impact to the human resources budget of a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro. In this context, it was defined as an object of study the economic impact of sickness absenteeism among nursing and the following objectives: to identify the prevalent causes of absenteeism at the university hospital studied, according to the Internacional Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10), to estimate the minimum directs costs of the diseases conditions that lead absenteeism to the nursing worker, to estimate the real cost of absenteeism related to one day of work provided by the nursing staff, with projection for one month and one year in operational vision of the Unified Health System (SUS). We used a stratified sample of health professionals records representing nursing staff (nurses and nursing technicians) according to the following inclusion criteria: gazetted professional nursing, with absences in 2010 with medical diagnosis, clearly defined. For data go thing, we used the files the university hospital worker health service and had the appraisal of medical experts for the diagnostic groups studied, according to scripts created by the researcher. Data were analyzed and stored in the program Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 15 and Microsoft excel 2003 in the editor...


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Absentismo , Administración en Salud , Enfermedades Profesionales/economía , Economía de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermería del Trabajo/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermería del Trabajo , Enfermeros/economía , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Administración de Personal , Brasil
18.
Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) ; 24(3): 86-100, 2011 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22008624

RESUMEN

This study aims to answer two questions: Do male nurses receive a wage premium? and, secondly: Do men ride a "glass escalator" and rise to supervisory positions with a higher probability than women do? Using data from the 2005 National Survey of the Work and Health of Nurses (NSWHN), this study finds that male nurses do have higher odds of being in a higher income bracket if they are registered nurses. Further, male nurses who work as registered psychiatric nurses have a very small, but higher likelihood of being in a supervisory position, thus providing small evidence of the existence of a glass escalator within the labour market for nurses in Canada.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Prejuicio , Adulto , Canadá , Recolección de Datos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermeros/psicología , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/provisión & distribución , Psicometría , Análisis de Regresión , Factores Sexuales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Arq. ciênc. saúde ; 17(3): 133-139, jul.-set. 2010. graf, ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: lil-619605

RESUMEN

Introdução: no Brasil a prática da automedicação é bastante difundida. Atualmente existem vários trabalhosabordando este assunto, porém sem ênfase aos profissionais de saúde que estão em contato direto commedicamentos, bem como poucas campanhas de prevenção a esta prática. Objetivos: verificar a prevalênciada automedicação em profissionais das áreas de enfermagem e farmácia em ambiente hospitalar, utilizandouma pesquisa não experimental descritiva. Materiais e métodos: foram avaliados todos os profissionais daárea farmacêutica do hospital e de enfermagem nos setores de ginecologia e obstetrícia, pediatria, UTIspediátrica, neonatal, semineonatal, semipediátrica e cardiopediátrica, por meio de um instrumento de coletade dados na forma de questionário elaborado pelos próprios pesquisadores tomando como base umquestionário publicado na literatura. O questionário respondido foi colocado em um envelope lacrado e depositado em uma urna disponibilizada pelos pesquisadores. Resultados: Foram avaliados 237 profissionais.A prevalência da automedicação foi de 56%, sendo que 58% eram mulheres de até 41 anos e 37% relataram seautomedicar por achar o problema pouco importante. A maior prevalência foi observada para as enfermeiras(75%). A classe medicamentosa mais utilizada foi o analgésico com 91% de relatos, 27% dos pesquisadosresponderam ter notado algumas reações adversas aos medicamentos. Discussão e conclusão: Os resultadosindicam que a automedicação é uma prática frequente também em profissionais da área da saúde. Aautoconfiança e o descuido com a própria saúde são fatores fundamentais na automedicação desse grupo.


Introdution: In Brazil, the practice of self-medication is widespread. Today, there are several studies to address this issue. Although, they have not focused on the health professionals directly involved with medication, and there have been only a few campaigns to address the prevention of self-medication. Aim: For this reason, this study aimed at the verification of self-medication prevalence among nursing and pharmaceutical professionals at hospitals, employing non-experimental descriptive research. Materials andmethods: We evaluated all the professionals working in the hospital pharmaceutical area, as well as thenursing personnel in the following areas: obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, pediatric ICU, neonatal ICU,semi-neonatal ICU, cardio-pediatric ICU, and semi-cardio-pediatric ICU. A questionnaire was used as aninstrument to collect data. It was elaborated by researchers themselves with the aid of a questionnairepublished in the literature. When the questionnaire was completely answered, it was placed in a sealedenvelope and deposited in a ballot-box provided by researchers. Results: It has been evaluated 237 professionals. The prevalence of self-medication was 56%, of which 58% were women up to the age of 41 years. In this study, 37% of the people studied reported self-medicating themselves because they believed their problem was of minor importance. The highest percentage was observed in nurses (75%). Analgesicwas the most commonly used drug, accounting for 91% of the cases, and 27% of the participants noticedadverse reactions to medications. Discussion and conclusion: The results indicate that self-medication among health professionals is a common practice. Over-confidence in medical matters and neglect of their own health are fundamental factors, which lead to self-medication in this group.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Automedicación/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermeros/estadística & datos numéricos , Farmacéuticos/estadística & datos numéricos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA