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1.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 41(9): 477-482, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001658

RESUMEN

Lithium disilicate and layered zirconia appear to be the most prevalent materials used for single-unit anterior crowns. These materials offer the necessary mechanical properties as well as sufficient optical characteristics needed in this type of restoration. There now are also more translucent versions of zirconia available that can be used for monolithic anterior restorations. This article discusses the factors that clinicians must take into account when determining a restorative material for single-unit anterior crowns. Considerations for lithium-disilicate crowns, 4 and 5 mol% yttria-containing (4Y and 5Y) zirconia materials, and layered 3Y zirconia restorations are provided.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Diente , Materiales Dentales , Ensayo de Materiales
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 615-620, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025928

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of the use of second-generation and third-generation LED light-curing units (LCUs) on the degree of conversion (DC) and microhardness (VHN) of bulk-fill resin composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty cylindrical specimens (each n = 5) of Tetric N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Posterior Restorative, and SDR flow were prepared in metal molds (5 mm in diameter and 4 mm in thickness) and cured with second-generation LED (SmartLite® Focus®, Dentsply Sirona) and third-generation LED (Bluephase® style, Ivoclar Vivadent) resulting in six groups. Degree of conversion was determined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and microhardness with Vickers microhardness tester. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and least significance difference (LSD) test, and DC and microhardness were correlated using Pearson's correlation (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was a significant difference between DC and VHN between all groups of bulk-fill which were cured by second-generation LED curing light and third-generation LED curing light. Then there is no significant difference between DC of the three composite bulk-fill resins by (second-generation LED vs third-generation LED curing light). CONCLUSION: The second-generation LED curing light can still be used to cure bulk-fill resin composites by increasing the duration of irradiation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In the microhardness test, there was a significant difference in the Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Posterior Restorative resin composites.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Luces de Curación Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Polimerizacion , Espectroscopía Infrarroja por Transformada de Fourier
3.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 636-639, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025932

RESUMEN

AIM: Variation in the surface roughness of archwires not only leads to more accumulation of plaque but also modifies the coefficient of friction. This necessitated for the present study to evaluate the surface characteristics of 0.016 × 0.022-inch nickel-titanium, beta-titanium, and copper-nickel-titanium archwires, before and after their use in the oral cavity using atomic force microscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The control and experimental samples were measured at three different positions under atomic force microscopy. The surface roughness was measured using roughness average, root mean square, and maximum height before and after use in the oral cavity among 60 adult participants. Data were analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance and Student's t tests using the Statistical Package for Social Software (SPSS) v.20.0. RESULTS: The surface roughness of archwires increased considerably after their clinical use compared to controls for nickel-titanium (p = 0.013) and beta-titanium (p = 0.002). A similar trend was noticed for root mean square where nickel-titanium (p = 0.014) and beta-titanium (p = 0.013) had increased root mean square. Maximum height was also noticed in nickel-titanium (p = 0.031) and beta-titanium (p = 0.016). CONCLUSION: Surface roughness and the level of friction of the orthodontic wires increase significantly for nickel-titanium and beta-titanium after the clinical use. There is a difference in increase of surface roughness of the archwire within and between the bracket slots. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Nickel-titanium and beta-titanium wires show more roughness and resultant higher friction levels after use in the oral cavity. Hence, care related to plaque accumulation is essential.


Asunto(s)
Cobre , Níquel , Aleaciones Dentales , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio
4.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 678-682, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025938

RESUMEN

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of hot and dry weather on the hardness and surface roughness of four different maxillofacial silicone elastomeric materials (MFSEM) including two room-temperature vulcanized (RTV) and two high-temperature vulcanized (HTV) materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty test specimens were fabricated according to the manufacturer's instructions into rectangular test specimens. The hardness and surface roughness were tested, after 6 months of exposure to natural hot and dry weather. The hardness was measured through the International Rubber Hardness Degree (IRHD) scale using an automated hardness tester. The surface roughness was measured using a novel 3D optical noncontact technique using a combination of a light sectioning microscope and a computer vision system. Statistical Package for Social Sciences software SPSS/version 24 was used for analysis and a comparison between two independent variables was done using an independent t test, while more than two variables were analyzed, F test (ANOVA) to be used followed by a post hoc test to determine the level of significance between every two groups. RESULTS: The hot and dry weather statistically influenced the hardness and surface roughness of MFSEM. Cosmesil M-511 showed the least hardness in test groups while A-2000 showed the hardest material (p < 0.05). A-2000 showed significant changes from rough in case of nonweathered to become smoother in weather followed by A-2186 (p < 0.05). Cosmesil M-511 showed the roughest material. CONCLUSION: Cosmesil M-511 showed the least hard MFSEM after outdoor weathering while A-2000, the highest and least material showed hardness and surface roughness, respectively. CLINICAL IMPLICATION: A-2000 had a high IRHD scale hardness. This makes this material more suitable for the replacement of ear and nose defects. Cosmesil M-511 is soft and easily adaptable material that makes the material more appropriate for the replacement of small facial defect with undercut area to be easily inserted and removed. Whilst A-2000 is smoother and finer in test specimens after weathering, Cosmesil M-511 became rougher after weathering.


Asunto(s)
Prótesis Maxilofacial , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Tiempo (Meteorología)
5.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(9): 1111-1116, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001590

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The primary reason for using a post is to retain the core with the objective to restore the missing coronal tooth structure. To achieve optimum results, the materials that are used to restore endodontically treated teeth should have physical and mechanical properties that are similar to that of dentin. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the strength parameters of fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) posts with the application of a three-point test. The mean fracture load, flexural strength and flexural modulus were taken into consideration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the three-point strength tests, 5 kinds of fiberglass root-posts were used: GC Fiber Post (GC America, Alsip, USA), Mirafit White (Hager Werken, Duisburg, Germany), Innopost (InnoTech, Verona, Italy), Rebilda Post (Voco, Cuxhaven, Germany), and EverStick Post (GC Europe, Leuven, Belgium). For each system, 15 FRC posts were tested. All posts had the same diameter, length and shape. The three-point test was carried out in accordance with ISO 10477:2004, using the Instron-5944 testing machine (Instron, Norwood, USA). The test was carried out until the sample was broken. RESULTS: The highest force values (67.6 N) were recorded for the GC posts, and the lowest force required to break the sample (29.6 N) was noted for the EverStick Posts. In the case of bending strength, the highest values were also recorded for GC posts (912.4 MPa). Low bending strengths were obtained for the Mirafit White posts (537.2 MPa); however, the EverStick Posts were the weakest (436.2 MPa). Rebilda posts showed the highest modulus of elasticity - 31.1 GPa. The lowest values of the elastic modulus were registered for EverStick Posts - 12.5 GPa. CONCLUSIONS: There were statistically significant differences in fracture loads, flexural strengths and flexural modulus of the FRC-post systems tested. Individually polymerized FRC material showed lower flexural properties than compared prefabricated FRC posts.


Asunto(s)
Cavidad Pulpar , Técnica de Perno Muñón , Ensayo de Materiales
6.
Am J Dent ; 33(5): 239-242, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017525

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Concurrently with the growing interest in CAD-CAM systems, several new materials of different chemical nature have become available. As an alternative to ceramics, numerous polymer-based materials have recently been proposed for permanent prosthetic restorations. Aim of this study was to test the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials available on the market, comparing mean flexural strength, Weibull characteristic strength and Weibull modulus. METHODS: Seven types of polymer-based blocks were tested: Lava Ultimate, 3M; Brilliant Crios, Coltene; Cerasmart, GC; Block HC, Shofu; Katana Avencia, Noritake; Grandio Blocs, Voco; Tetric CAD, and Ivoclar-Vivadent. Specimens were cut out from blocks, finished, polished, and tested in a three-point bending test apparatus until failure (n=30). Flexural strength, Weibull characteristic strength, and Weibull modulus were calculated. Flexural strength data were statistically analyzed. ANOVA on Ranks was applied, followed by the Dunn's test for post hoc comparisons (P= 0.05). RESULTS: Flexural strength values (MPa) were measured (mean±standard deviation). Different letters in parentheses label statistically significant differences: Grandio Blocs 266±24(a), Brilliant Crios 259±21(ab); Tetric CAD 254±15(ab); Katana Avencia 241±29(bc); Cerasmart 221±24(cd); Lava Ultimate 196±23(de); Block HC 139±10(e). All the tested materials had flexural strengths greater than 100 MPa, thereby satisfying the requirements of ISO standards for polymer-based materials. For all the tested materials the Weibull characteristic strength was greater than 100 MPa. Weibull modulus ranged between 21.20 (Tetric CAD) and 9.09 (Katana Avencia). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Even though all the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials marketed in blocks tested in the present study satisfy the requirements of ISO standard for polymer-based materials, their flexural resistance differs significantly. The data presented in the study may be helpful to clinicians for selecting the most appropriate materials for each clinical case.


Asunto(s)
Proantocianidinas , Cerámica , Esmalte Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
7.
Am J Dent ; 33(5): 243-247, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017526

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Concurrently with the growing interest in CAD-CAM systems, several new materials of different chemical nature have become available. As an alternative to ceramics, numerous polymer-based materials have recently been proposed for permanent prosthetic restorations. Aim of this study was to test the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials available on the market, comparing mean flexural strength, Weibull characteristic strength and Weibull modulus. METHODS: Seven types of polymer-based blocks were tested: Lava Ultimate, 3M; Brilliant Crios, Coltene; Cerasmart, GC; Block HC, Shofu; Katana Avencia, Noritake; Grandio Blocs, Voco; Tetric CAD, and Ivoclar-Vivadent. Specimens were cut out from blocks, finished, polished, and tested in a three-point bending test apparatus until failure (n=30). Flexural strength, Weibull characteristic strength, and Weibull modulus were calculated. Flexural strength data were statistically analyzed. ANOVA on Ranks was applied, followed by the Dunn's test for post hoc comparisons (P= 0.05). RESULTS: Flexural strength values (MPa) were measured (mean±standard deviation). Different letters in parentheses label statistically significant differences: Grandio Blocs 266±24(a), Brilliant Crios 259±21(ab); Tetric CAD 254±15(ab); Katana Avencia 241±29(bc); Cerasmart 221±24(cd); Lava Ultimate 196±23(de); Block HC 139±10(e). All the tested materials had flexural strengths greater than 100 MPa, thereby satisfying the requirements of ISO standards for polymer-based materials. For all the tested materials the Weibull characteristic strength was greater than 100 MPa. Weibull modulus ranged between 21.20 (Tetric CAD) and 9.09 (Katana Avencia). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Even though all the CAD-CAM polymer-based materials marketed in blocks tested in the present study satisfy the requirements of ISO standard for polymer-based materials, their flexural resistance differs significantly. The data presented in the study may be helpful to clinicians for selecting the most appropriate materials for each clinical case.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia Flexional , Polímeros , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Materiales Dentales , Ensayo de Materiales
8.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 713-717, 2020 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020351

RESUMEN

AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of air abrasion with aluminum oxide or glass beads to three types of zirconia containing various levels of cubic crystalline phases (3Y-TZP, Katana ML; 4Y-PSZ, Katana STML; and 5Y-PSZ, Katana UTML, Noritake) on the shear bond strength of resin cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty block specimens (8 × 8 × 3.5 mm) were milled out of each zirconia material and mounted in plastic pipe. Ten specimens of each of the zirconia materials were air-abraded using 50 µm aluminum oxide particles, ten specimens were abraded using 80 µm glass beads, and ten specimens served as a control and received no surface treatment. A zirconia primer was applied to the surface of the zirconia specimens. Composite disks were bonded using a resin cement and light-cured. The specimens were stored in 37°C distilled water for 24 hours and thermocycled for 2,500 cycles. The specimens were loaded in shear on a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed with one-way and two-way ANOVAs and Tukey's post hoc tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: A significant difference in shear bond strength was found based on the surface treatment (p < 0.001), but not on the type of zirconia (p = 0.132). CONCLUSION: Air abrasion with glass beads or no surface treatment resulted in significantly lower bond strength of the resin cement to all three zirconia types compared to air abrasion with aluminum oxide. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Although air abrasion with aluminum oxide may reportedly be more likely to weaken cubic-containing zirconia compared to air abrasion with glass beads, the use of aluminum oxide results in greater bond strength of the resin cement.


Asunto(s)
Óxido de Aluminio , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Abrasión Dental por Aire , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
9.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 728-732, 2020 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020354

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim of the present study is twofold: to evaluate cyclic fatigue resistance differences of two different nickel-titanium rotary instruments, brand new and after an ex vivo instrumentation of single root extracted teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty new S One 20.06 were randomly divided into two groups. The first group (n = 10) was immediately subjected to a cyclic fatigue test (S One Group I). The second group (n = 10) (S one Group II) performed a cyclic fatigue test after three ex vivo root canal treatment with a single-file technique. The same process has been carried out for 20 M-Two 20.06 instruments. RESULTS: Mean time to fracture (TtF) for Group I was 51.14 ± 1.28 for S One and 32.62 ± 0.17 for M-Two 20.06 and for Group II was 46.00 ± 0.99 for S One and 27.75 ± 1.58 for M-Two 20.06. The reduction in TtF values from Group I to Group II was 11% for S One and 15% for M-Two. Statistical analysis found significant differences in all the groups examined (p value < 0.05). Mean fragment length (FL) for Group I was 3.07 ± 0.17 for S One and 3.05 ± 0.14 for M-Two 20.06 and for Group II was 3.05 ± 0.07 for S One and 3.05 ± 0.14 for M-Two 20.06. Statistical analysis was pursued, and no significant difference was found (p value > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The S-One showed significantly more resistance to cyclic fatigue stress than M-Two for both new and used instruments. This validates the hypothesis that the AF H wire enables the S One files to endure more the cyclic fatigue stresses. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This study demonstrates the cyclic fatigue resistance of a new endodontic instrument after repetitive usage.


Asunto(s)
Níquel , Titanio , Cavidad Pulpar , Diseño de Equipo , Falla de Equipo , Ensayo de Materiales , Preparación del Conducto Radicular
10.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 943-947, 2020 Oct 18.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047734

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To select the most effective method among different masking treatments, such as different thickness and transparence, tissue surface's opaque coating, and opaque resin cement to restore discolored teeth esthetically by porcelain veneer. METHODS: Four extracted intact maxillary central incisors were prepared for porcelain veneer restoration and each three heat pressed porcelain veneers from three thicknesses (0.8 mm, 1.0 mm, 1.2 mm) and two transparency(high transparence, HT and low transparence, LT))in Vita shade A2 were fabricated for each tooth, in total of 72 pieces. The surfaces of three prepared teeth were then painted to mimic situations of severe dental fluorosis, severe tetracycline teeth, and necrotic teeth. Each of the veneers was temporarily cemented to the corresponding tooth surface using try-in cements with three different colors (transparent, opaque, and yellow), then used the shade guide (3D master) and electronic colorimeter (easy shade) to record the shade of each porcelain veneer through hue, lightness, and chroma reading. After that, high-transparence porcelain veneers in thickness of 0.8 mm was fused with a layer of opaque porcelain in tissue surface, and were shade matched again after cementation. Statistic treatments were performed to analyze the difference in each masking method. RESULTS: For each 0.2 mm increase in the veneer thickness of porcelain, the average lightness was reduced by 1 unit, while the chroma was not changed which was independent of the type of the resin cements. When the thickness of the porcelain veneer was decreased to 0.8 mm, the opacity effect was not remarkable even if a low-transparence porcelain veneer was used. Transparent and yellow resin cements had poor opaque performance, while opaque resin cement could reduce the lightness by 2 units and the chroma was also reduced. The opaque layer of the tissue surface could be applied uniformly, and the lightness and chroma could be reduced to Vita 2M1 to 2M1.5 levels regardless of the color of resin cements, which suggested a stable opacity effect for different discolored teeth in this study. CONCLUSION: For porcelain veneer restoration of discolored teeth, thickened veneers are the most effective means to display a natural transmittance and color. Tissue surface's opacity coatings and opaque resin cements can also be used to reduce grayscale and increase lightness.


Asunto(s)
Decoloración de Dientes , Color , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Coloración de Prótesis , Cementos de Resina , Decoloración de Dientes/terapia
13.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 51-58, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965387

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ZnO nanocoating on mechanical properties of NiTi orthodontic wires and antibacterial activity. METHODS: 0.016 x 0.022-in NiTi orthodontic wires were coated with ZnO nanoparticles using an electrochemical deposition method with three electrodes system in 0.1M Zn(NO3)2. Mechanical properties and frictional resistance of the coated wires were investigated using an universal testing machine. Antibacterial effect of ZnO coating was also investigated. RESULTS: A stable adhered ZnO nanocoating on NiTi wires was obtained. The coated wires have a significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus, S. pyogens and E. coli, and a reduction of frictional forces by 34%. CONCLUSION: ZnO nanocoating may improve the antibacterial effects of NiTi wires and reduce the frictional resistance. Coating may be implanted in orthodontic practice for faster and safer treatment.


Asunto(s)
Óxido de Zinc/farmacología , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Aleaciones Dentales , Escherichia coli , Ensayo de Materiales , Níquel , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Staphylococcus aureus , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio/farmacología , Zinc
14.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(4): 59-67, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965388

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of the pretreatment with sandblasting and deproteinization with NaOCl on bond strength (SBS), in situ conversion degree (CD) of brackets in fluorotic enamel, and enamel etching pattern. METHODS: A total of 90 non-carious maxillary premolars were used. The teeth were then assigned to six experimental groups according to: enamel surface (sound and fluorotic enamel); surface treatment (Regular etch with 37% phosphoric acid [RE]; 5.2% sodium hypochlorite + phosphoric acid [NaOCl + RE]; sandblasting + phosphoric acid [sandblasting + RE]). After storage in distilled water (37°C/24h), the specimens were tested at 1 mm/min until failure (SBS). Enamel-resin cement interfaces were evaluated for CD using micro-Raman spectroscopy. The enamel-etching pattern was evaluated under a scanning electron microscope. Data from SBS and in situ CD values were analyzed using ANOVA two-away and Tukey test (α=0.05). The enamel etching pattern was evaluated only qualitatively. RESULTS: For sound enamel, RE showed the highest SBS values, when compared to NaOCl + RE and Sandblasting + RE groups (p< 0.01). Regarding CD, only NaOCl + RE significantly compromised the mean DC, in comparison with other groups (p= 0.002). For fluorotic enamel, the Sandblasting + RE group significantly increased the mean SBS values, in comparison with RE group (p= 0.01) and no significant change was observed for CD (p> 0.52). CONCLUSIONS: The application of NaOCl or sandblasting associated to phosphoric acid improved the SBS of the brackets in fluorotic enamel without compromising the CD of the resin cement, with improving of enamel interprismatic conditioning.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Grabado Ácido Dental , Cementos Dentales , Esmalte Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
15.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 431-439, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901721

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the Streptococcus mutans biofilm influence on the roughness (Ra), gloss (GU), surface hardness (KHN) and flexural strength (FS) of high viscosity bulk fill composites. Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill (TNC), X-tra fil Bulk Fill (XF) and Filtek Z350 (FZ) were used. Ten discs of each composite were prepared for Ra, KHN and GU and 20 bars for the FS. After 24 h, specimens were polished and initial analyzes performed. Samples were sterilized and subjected to biodegradation for 7 days and final analyzes performed. Representative samples of each group were evaluated in Scanning Electron Microscope. Data were submitted to ANOVA two factors and Tukey test. XF presented the highest values (p<0.05) of Ra before and after biodegradation (0.1251; 0.3100), and FZ (0.1443) the lowest after biodegradation (p<0.05). The highest GU values (p<0.05) were observed for FZ (71.7; 62) and FBF (69.0; 64.6), and the lowest (p<0.05) for TNC (61.4; 53.3) and XF (58.5; 53.5), both before and after biodegradation. For KHN the highest values were obtained by XF (151.7; 106), and the (p< 0.05) lowest values for TNC (62.2; 51.8), both before and after biodegradation. The highest values (p<0.05) of FS were observed for FZ (127.6) and the lowest (p<0.05) for TNC (86.9); after biodegradation, XF (117.7) presented the highest (p<0.05) values compared to TNC and FZ." In conclusion, biodegradation increased Ra and decreased GU and KHN for all. Concerning FS, degradation provided a significant decreased value only for FZ.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia Flexional , Streptococcus mutans , Dureza , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
16.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 440-444, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901722

RESUMEN

Posterior build-ups are auxiliary devices to orthodontic treatment which are made with resin-based or glass ionomer composites. Their removal requires care to protect the tooth surface, therefore, pigmented materials are preferred for a better visualization. This study proposed a pigmentation experimental technique of a regular composite resin, evaluating the microshear bond strength test (µ-SBT) of this experimental pigmented resin and comparing with a blue-colored polyacid-modified composite resin, used for posterior buildups. Forty-eight buccal and lingual surfaces of human teeth were used and randomly divided into 4 groups (n=12). The groups were divided into: C (control), regular composite resin; P, regular composite resin pigmented; UBL, Ultra Band Lok™; OB, Ortho Bite™. The composites were bonded using a matrix to obtain microcylinders and prepared for each experimental groups. The samples were then stored in distilled water for 24h at 37°C followed by a µ-SBT. The types of bond failures were evaluated using a stereoscopic magnifying glass (10×). The data were analyzed by ANOVA with Fisher post hoc and Dunnett´s test. Means of µ-SBT± standard deviation (MPa) were: C (39.98a±13.0), P (40.09a± 14.3); UBL (33.26ab±8.6); OB (28.70b±5.5). The most prevalent type of failure was adhesive (80.4%). Further, was not observed a statistically significant correlation between the bond strength values and failure patterns. The pigmentation of a commercially available resin did not alter the µ-SBT and exhibited similar adhesiveness as a polyacid-modified composite resin.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Pigmentación , Cementos de Resina
17.
Braz Dent J ; 31(4): 445-452, 2020 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901723

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different commercial liquid phases (Ketac, Riva, and Fuji IX) and the use of spherical pre-reacted glass (SPG) fillers on cement maturation, fluoride release, compressive (CS) and biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of experimental glass ionomer cements (GICs). The experimental GICs (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) were prepared by mixing SPG fillers with commercial liquid phases using the powder to liquid mass ratio of 2.5:1. FTIR-ATR was used to assess the maturation of GICs. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride (DF) and cumulative fluoride release (CF) in deionized water was determined using the fluoride ion specific electrode (n=3). CS and BFS at 24 h were also tested (n=6). Commercial GICs were used as comparisons. Riva and Riva_M exhibited rapid polyacrylate salt formation. The highest DF and CF were observed with Riva_M (1.65x10-9 cm2/s) and Riva (77 ppm) respectively. Using SPG fillers enhanced DF of GICs on average from ~2.5x10-9 cm2/s to ~3.0x10-9 cm2/s but reduced CF of the materials on average from ~51 ppm to ~42 ppm. The CS and BFS of Ketac_M (144 and 22 MPa) and Fuji IX_M (123 and 30 MPa) were comparable to commercial materials. Using SPG with Riva significantly reduced CS and BFS from 123 MPa to 55 MPa and 42 MPa to 28 MPa respectively. The use of SPG fillers enhanced DF but reduced CF of GICs. Using SPG with Ketac or Fuji IX liquids provided comparable strength to the commercial materials.


Asunto(s)
Cementos Dentales , Cementos de Ionómero Vitreo , Fuerza Compresiva , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia a la Tracción
18.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 376-379, 2020 Aug 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865354

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of water storage treatment and thermal cycling on the shear bond strength (SBS) of three self-adhesive dual-cure resin cements. METHODS: Six cubic zirconia specimens with side length of 2 cm were obtained by cutting and sintering. Three self-adhering dual-cure resin cements (i.e., Clearfil SAC, RelyX U200, and Multilink Speed) were selected. According to their bonding modes, they were divided into three groups: direct bonding group (direct coating with resin cement), adhesive group (applying universal adhesives and then coating with resin cement), and primer group (applying Z-Prime Plus and then coating with resin cement). According to experimental conditions, each group was divided into two subgroups: subgroup a (water storage at 37 ℃ for 24 h) and subgroup b (thermalcycling for 5 000 times). SBS data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA by using SPSS 19.0 software (P<0.05). The fractured zirconia surface was observed under a stereomicroscope. RESULTS: After water storage for 24 h, the SBS of the adhesive group and the primer group of the three resin cements was higher than that of the direct adhesive group (P<0.05), but the difference in SBS between the adhesive group and the primer group was not significant (P>0.05). After thermalcycling, the SBS of the three types of resin cements decreased (P<0.05); the SBS of the adhesive group was higher than that of the direct adhesive group and the primer group (P<0.05). Fracture mode analysis revealed that the type Ⅲ fracture mode evidently increased after the thermalcycling treatment compared with the water storage treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The universal adhesives and the primer can improve the SBS of self-adhesive dual-cure resin cement in water storage at 37 ℃ for 24 h. The universal adhesives had a better bonding durability than the zirconia primer.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Cerámica , Cementos Dentales , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
19.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(5): 523-526, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956433

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the three-point flexural strength of a novel CAD/CAM fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) material following different aging conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The specimens were randomly assigned to one of five groups based on aging condition: (1) control (no treatment); (2) short-term water storage; (3) thermal degradation with autoclaving; (4) chemical degradation with hydrochloric acid; and (5) chemical degradation with citric acid (n = 10 per group). The specimens in the control group received no treatment. Following each treatment protocol, the three-point bending test was used to calculate the flexural strength. Data were statistically analyzed (α = .05), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the specimens was conducted. RESULTS: No significant differences in flexural strength were observed among the groups (P = .199). In addition, no distinct morphologic differences were detected in the SEM images of the specimens. CONCLUSION: The flexural strength of this novel CAD/CAM FRC material was unaffected by different aging methods.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Resistencia Flexional , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Proyectos Piloto , Docilidad , Estrés Mecánico , Propiedades de Superficie
20.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(5): 536-545, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956435

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) and color stability (ΔE) of four ceramic veneers (VITA VM 9; VITA VM 13; VITA VMK 95; and IPS e.max Ceram) following repair with three different self-adhesive composite resins (Fusio Liquid Dentin; Constic; and Vertise Flow) and BISCO Intraoral Repair Kit + Filtek Supreme (BC + FS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 specimens were prepared per ceramic material, and each ceramic group was divided into subgroups according to testing method (32 specimens for color stability analysis and 64 specimens for SBS testing). ΔE and SBS (SBS1 = non-aged, SBS2 = thermally aged) values of the repaired specimens were calculated. One specimen from each of the thermally aged groups was investigated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze the mean ΔE, SBS1, and SBS2 values. The differences between SBS1 and SBS2 values were analyzed using independent-samples t test. RESULTS: The lowest ΔE values were calculated for Constic (P ≤ .05). The SBS2 values among all groups were lower than the SBS1 values (P ≤ .05). The lowest SBS2 values were observed for Vertise Flow (2.3 ± 1.47 MPa) (P ≤ .05) and were below the acceptable limit of 5 MPa. CONCLUSION: All of the investigated repair materials in combination with the ceramic veneers exhibited ΔE values that were higher than the clinically acceptable limits. Thermal aging negatively affected the SBS values in all groups (P ≤ .05). All tested self-adhesive composite resins, with the exception of Vertise Flow, could be used instead of a repair kit with flowable composite resin, especially in noncooperative patients, for the purpose of repairing chipping fractures for VITA VM 9, VITA VM 13, and VITA VMK 95 (P > .05).


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos Dentales , Resinas Acrílicas , Cerámica , Color , Resinas Compuestas , Porcelana Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie
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