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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190198, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1101985

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: describe the experience of the proposal, process and results of a training program on qualitative research for nursing teachers based on the constructivist pedagogic model. Method: implementation of a course at a Nursing School in Uruguay from November 3, 2016 to October 12, 2017, in which thirty-nine teachers participated voluntarily. The description of the experience presented in this article is based on the assessment of the course made through participant observation, surveys and a dialogue session with the participants in which the results of the course were discussed. Results: through the implementation of the course, several achievements were accomplished, as well as challenges detected. We would like to highlight the interest received from the course managers and participants in the subject, the nine new research projects, the creation of a bibliographic material, videos and recordings repository, as well as the financial resource mobilization. The challenges were mainly structural and organizational; such as the limited time the participants had to do research and work in teams, the trouble to adopt a critical approach and difficulties with the communication systems. Conclusion: this article contributes to fill the existing gap in qualitative research teaching, and invites to reconsider iniciatives regarding the training of health personnel in the countries of the region, mainly through constructivist and participative models.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o relato de uma experiência sobre a proposta, o processo e os resultados de um programa de formação em pesquisa qualitativa, dirigido a professores de enfermagem, baseado no modelo pedagógico construtivista. Método: de 3 de novembro de 2016 a 12 de outubro de 2017entre 3/11/2016 e 12/10/2017 implementamos um curso, em uma faculdade de enfermagem no Uruguai, do qual participaram de forma voluntária 39 professores. O relato da experiência que apresentamos é baseado na avaliação do curso, que foi feito por meio da observação participante, questionários e uma sessão de diálogo com os alunos, na qual se discutiram os resultados do curso. Resultados: a implementação do curso permitiu alcançar conquistas e vislumbrar desafios. Destaca-se o interesse dos gerentes e participantes no tema, contando com nove projetos de pesquisa, um repositório com material bibliográfico, vídeos e gravações, além da mobilização de recursos financeiros. Os desafios foram estruturais e organizacionais; dentre eles, o pouco tempo das participantes para pesquisar ou trabalhar em equipe, dificuldades para adotar uma perspectiva crítica e problemas com os sistemas de comunicação. Conclusão: este trabalho visa a preencher uma lacuna existente sobre o ensino da pesquisa qualitativa, convidando a repensar iniciativas tendentes à formação do pessoal da saúde nos países da região, principalmente desde modelos construtivistas e participativos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir el relato de experiencia sobre la propuesta, el proceso y los resultados de un programa de formación en investigación cualitativa dirigido a docentes de enfermería basado en el modelo pedagógico constructivista. Método: entre 3 de octubre de 2016 a 12 de noviembre de 2017, implementamos un curso en una facultad de enfermería en Uruguay, en el que participaron de forma voluntaria 39 docentes. El relato de la experiencia que se presenta se basa en la evaluación del curso, que se hizo por medio de observación participante, cuestionarios y una sesión de dialogo con los alumnos en la que se discutieron los resultados del curso. Resultados: la implementación del curso permitió alcanzar logros y entrever desafíos. Se destaca el interés de los gestores y participantes en el tema, el contar con nueve proyectos de investigación, un repositorio con material bibliográfico, videos y grabaciones, así como la movilización de recursos financieros. Los desafíos fueron estructurales y organizativos; entre ellos, el poco tiempo de las participantes para investigar o trabajar en equipo, dificultades para adoptar una perspectiva crítica y problemas con los sistemas de comunicación. Conclusión: este trabajo abona a llenar una laguna existente sobre la enseñanza de la investigación cualitativa, invitando a repensar iniciativas tendientes a la formación del personal de la salud en los países de la región, principalmente desde modelos constructivistas y participativos.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enseñanza , Enfermería , Investigación Cualitativa , Docentes , Facultades de Enfermería , Salud , Educación , Docentes de Enfermería , Formación del Profesorado
2.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20190104, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1101972

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the moral values that nursing teachers and students consider important for vocational training with those they believe are promoted throughout undergraduate study. Method: a qualitative research; an ethnographic study conducted at a public nursing school in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in 2018, involving 40 interviews with teachers and students and a participant observation phase. Results: the moral values that teachers and students consider important for vocational training, as well as those that are promoted, converge on prudence, respect, responsibility, and empathy. It is noteworthy that the knowledge was much cited by the respondents and this article interpreted it as prudence. However, in relation to the values promoted during undergraduation, students warn that these are stimulated when referring to the binomial student-user of health, because they do not feel to the same intensity the presence of these moral values in the teacher-student relationship. Conclusion: a powerful strategy for teaching about moral values is to promote the care of their own students, teachers and staff. In this way, mismatches are avoided between what is said and what is done by experiencing values such as prudence, respect, responsibility and empathy within interpersonal relationships and in the daily life of the school.


RESUMEN Objetivo: comparar los valores morales que los profesores y estudiantes de enfermería consideran importantes para la formación profesional con los que creen que se promueven a lo largo de la carrera de grado. Método: investigación cualitativa; un estudio etnográfico realizado en el año 2018 en una facultad pública de enfermería del estado de Río de Janeiro, por medio de 40 entrevistas con profesores y estudiantes y una fase de observación de los participantes. Resultados: los valores morales que los profesores y estudiantes evalúan como importantes para la formación profesional, al igual como los que se promueven, convergen en la prudencia, el respeto, la responsabilidad y la empatía. Cabe destacar que el conocimiento fue muy citado por los entrevistados y, en este artículo, se lo interpretó como prudencia. Pese a ello, en relación con los valores promovidos a lo largo de la carrera de grado, los estudiantes manifiestan que se los fomenta cuando se refieren al binomio estudiante-usuario de servicios de salud, puesto que no sienten con la misma intensidad la presencia de estos valores en la relación profesor-estudiante. Conclusión: estamos frente a una poderosa estrategia para enseñar sobre los valores morales y promover el cuidado de sus propios estudiantes, profesores y personal administrativo. De esta manera, se evitan desencuentros entre lo que se dice y lo que se hace al respetar valores como la prudencia, el respeto, la responsabilidad y la empatía dentro de las relaciones interpersonales y en la vida cotidiana de la facultad.


RESUMO Objetivo: comparar os valores morais que professores e estudantes de enfermagem consideram importantes para a formação profissional com aqueles que eles acreditam que são promovidos ao longo da graduação. Método: pesquisa qualitativa; um estudo etnográfico realizado em uma faculdade pública de enfermagem do estado do Rio de Janeiro, em 2018, envolvendo 40 entrevistas com professores e estudantes e uma fase de observação participante. Resultados: os valores morais que os professores e estudantes avaliam ser importantes para a formação profissional, bem como aqueles que são promovidos, convergem para a prudência, o respeito, a responsabilidade e a empatia. Vale destacar que o conhecimento foi muito citado pelos entrevistados e, este artigo, interpretou-o como prudência. Todavia, em relação aos valores promovidos ao longo da graduação, os estudantes alertam que estes são estimulados quando referem-se ao binômio estudante-usuário de saúde, pois não sentem na mesma intensidade a presença desses valores morais na relação professor-estudante. Conclusão: uma potente estratégia para ensinar sobre os valores morais é promover o cuidado dos seus próprios estudantes, professores e funcionários. Dessa maneira, evitam-se desencontros entre o que se diz e o que se faz ao vivenciar os valores como a prudência, o respeito, a responsabilidade e a empatia dentro das relações interpessoais e no cotidiano da faculdade.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Teoría Ética , Ética , Moral , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Enseñanza , Enfermería , Investigación Cualitativa , Educación en Enfermería , Ética en Enfermería , Docentes , Relaciones Interpersonales
3.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180407, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059137

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze university teaching in nursing from an institutional dialectic approach. Method: a qualitative research based on Institutional Socioclinics. Eighteen nursing professors from four regions of Brazil and from six public institutions of higher education participated. For data production, interviews, observations, documentary analyses, individual and collective restitution and use of the research diary were performed. Data was organized for analysis by transcription/translation, recomposition/rearrangement, and final reconstruction/narration. Data analysis was produced from analyzers, based on Socioclinics, Institutional Analysis current of thought, and on the qualitative mode of analysis by questioning and writing. Results: two main analyzers made the institution 'teaching in higher education and the nursing professor' emerge: time-money relation and resistance. Teaching time, increasingly associated with money, in managerialist logic, has formatted the nursing professors as passive subjects in the production of knowledge, induced by the evaluation model of the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel and its link to the progression in the university career. In this model, the nursing professor is driven to devote more to research than to teaching. This interferes with teaching conceptions and practices, which are more influenced by managerialism and less grounded in pedagogical theories. Resistance against this model has not yet encountered coping mechanisms. Conclusion: from the analysis produced with the participants, the choices of the nursing professor are so much more grounded in managerialism and so much less based on pedagogical references, especially those arising from dialectical theories. In this sense, resistance is transformed into a movement of adaptation.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la docencia universitaria en enfermería a partir de la dialéctica institucional. Método: investigación cualitativa fundamentada en la Socioclínica Institucional. Participaron 18 profesores-enfermeros de cuatro regiones de Brasil y seis establecimientos públicos de educación superior. Para producir los datos se realizaron entrevistas, observaciones, análisis documentales, restituciones individuales y colectivas, además de utilizarse un diario de investigación. La organización de los datos para su análisis se dio mediante la transcripción/traducción de los mismos, su recomposición/reordenamiento, y por su reconstitución/narración final. El análisis de los datos se produjo a partir de analizadores, y se fundamentó en la Socioclínica, una vertiente del Análisis Institucional, y en la modalidad cualitativa de análisis por cuestionamiento y en forma escrita. Resultados: dos analizadores principales hicieron surgir la institución de 'docencia en la educación superior y el profesor-enfermero', a saber: relación tiempo/dinero y resistencia. El tiempo docente, cada vez más asociado al dinero en la lógica gerencialista, ha conformado al profesor-enfermero como un sujeto pasivo en la producción de conocimientos, inducido por el modelo evaluativo de la Coordinación de Perfeccionamiento para Personal de Nivel Superior y su vínculo con el avance en la carrera universitaria. En ese modelo, el profesor-enfermero está motivado a dedicarse más a la investigación que a la enseñanza. Eso interfiere con las concepciones y prácticas docentes, que quedan más influenciadas por el gerencialismo y menos fundamentadas en teorías pedagógicas. La resistencia contra ese modelo todavía no encontró mecanismos de confrontación. Conclusión: de acuerdo con el análisis elaborado con los participantes, las elecciones de los profesores-enfermeros están tanto más fundamentadas en el gerencialismo como menos basadas en referenciales pedagógicos, especialmente en aquellos devenidos de teorías dialécticas. En este sentido, la resistencia se transforma en un movimiento de adaptación.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a docência universitária em enfermagem a partir da dialética institucional. Método: pesquisa qualitativa fundamentada na Socioclínica Institucional. Participaram 18 professores-enfermeiros de quatro Regiões do Brasil e seis estabelecimentos públicos de educação superior. Para a produção de dados, foram realizadas entrevistas, observações, análises documentais, restituições individuais e coletivas e uso do diário de pesquisa. A organização dos dados para análise se deu pela transcrição/tradução dos mesmos, pela recomposição/rearranjo, e pela reconstituição/narração final. A análise dos dados foi produzida a partir de analisadores, fundamentada na Socioclínica, vertente da Análise Institucional e na modalidade qualitativa de análise por questionamento e pela escrita. Resultados: dois principais analisadores fizeram a instituição 'docência no ensino superior e o professor-enfermeiro' emergir: relação tempo-dinheiro e resistência. O tempo docente, cada vez mais associado ao dinheiro, na lógica gerencialista, tem formatado o professor-enfermeiro como sujeito passivo na produção de conhecimentos, induzido pelo modelo avaliativo da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior e seu atrelamento à progressão na carreira universitária. Nesse modelo, o professor-enfermeiro é impulsionado a se dedicar mais à pesquisa do que ao ensino. Isso interfere nas concepções e práticas docentes, que ficam mais influenciadas pelo gerencialismo e menos fundamentadas em teorias pedagógicas. A resistência contra esse modelo não encontrou ainda mecanismos de enfrentamento. Conclusão: pela análise produzida com os participantes, as escolhas dos professores-enfermeiros estão tão mais fundamentadas no gerencialismo e tão menos baseadas em referenciais pedagógicos, notadamente naqueles advindos de teorias dialéticas. Nesse sentido, resistir se transfigura em movimento de adaptar-se.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Enseñanza , Universidades , Indicadores de Producción Científica , Docentes de Enfermería , Tiempo , Conocimiento , Educación Superior , Docentes
4.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180362, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059141

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the Active Teaching Model for Critical Thinking in a first aid course for undergraduate nursing students. Method: a clinical, randomized, single blind and parallel trial, conducted at the Federal University of Viçosa (Brazil) in November 2016 with 102 undergraduate nursing students divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, the Problem Based Learning methodology associated with the Active Teaching Model for Critical Thinking was used and, in the control group, only the Problem Based Learning methodology was employed to assess the difference in the average knowledge level of the groups, a test with 25 questions was applied before and after the educational intervention. To identify the effect of the measurement factors on the tests, the analysis of variance was used. Result: a significant interaction effect was observed (F1.100=11.138; p=0.001), indicating that the experimental group showed an improvement in the mean value of the grades between the pre- and post-test, with a high magnitude (d=1.10) Conclusion: the teaching model was effective, being demonstrated by the performance of the experimental group, which presented significantly higher results in terms of knowledge. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials, number U1111-1176-5343.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad del Modelo de Enseñanza Activa para el Pensamiento Crítico en un curso de primeros auxilios para estudiantes universitarios de enfermería. Método: ensayo clínico, aleatorizado, ciego simple y paralelo, realizado en la Universidad Federal de Viçosa (Brasil) en noviembre de 2016, con 102 estudiantes universitarios de enfermería, divididos en un grupo y uno de control. En el grupo experimental se utilizó la metodología del Problem Based Learning asociada al Modelo de Enseñanza Activa para el Pensamiento Crítico y, en el grupo de control, se utilizó solamente la metodología del Problem Based Learning. Para evaluar la diferencia del nivel de conocimiento medio entre los grupos se aplicó una prueba con 25 preguntas, antes y después de la intervención educativa. Para identificar el efecto de los factores de medida de las pruebas se utilizó el análisis de varianzas. Resultado; se observó un efecto de interacción significativo (F1,100=11,138; p=0,001), lo que indica que el grupo experimental presentó una mejoría en la media de las notas entre antes y después de la prueba, con una magnitud elevada (d=1,10). Conclusión: el modelo de enseñanza fue efectivo, lo que quedó demostrado por el desempeño del grupo experimental, que presentó resultados significativamente mayores en términos de conocimiento. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos, número U1111-1176-5343.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade do Modelo de Ensino Ativo para o Pensamento Crítico em um curso de primeiros socorros para estudantes de graduação em enfermagem. Método: ensaio clínico, randomizado, unicego e paralelo, realizado na Universidade Federal de Viçosa (Brasil). Em novembro de 2016, com 102 estudantes de graduação em enfermagem divididos em grupo experimental e grupo controle. No grupo experimental, foi utilizada a metodologia do Problem Based Learning associada ao Modelo do Ensino Ativo para o Pensamento Crítico e, no grupo controle, foi utilizada apenas a metodologia do Problem Based Learning. Para avaliar a diferença do nível de conhecimento médio dos grupos, foi aplicado teste com 25 questões, antes da intervenção educativa e após. Para identificar o efeito dos fatores de medida nos testes, foi utilizado análise de variância. Resultado: foi observado efeito de interação significativo (F1,100=11,138; p=0,001), indicando que o grupo experimental apresentou melhora na média das notas entre o pré e pós-teste, com elevada magnitude (d=1,10). Conclusão: o modelo de ensino foi efetivo, sendo demonstrado pelo desempenho do grupo experimental, que apresentou resultados significativamente maiores em termos de conhecimento. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos número U1111-1176-5343.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto Joven , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Enfermería , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas , Educación en Enfermería , Primeros Auxilios , Estudiantes , Enseñanza , Ensayo Clínico
5.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e41988, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1103393

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analisar a percepção dos docentes do curso de Graduação em Enfermagem acerca do desenvolvimento do pensamento crítico dos alunos, a partir da utilização de estratégias de ensino e suas implicações no processo ensino aprendizagem. Método: estudo exploratório, descritivo, de cunho qualitativo. Participaram da pesquisa 16 docentes de um curso de graduação em Enfermagem e Obstetrícia. Os dados foram produzidos por meio de entrevistas com roteiro semiestruturado e categorizados pela técnica de análise temática, sendo aprovado por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: evidenciaram-se três categorias: pensamento crítico como interpretação subjetiva, estratégias de ensino utilizadas pelos docentes no curso de graduação em enfermagem, e desafios e facilidades para o desenvolvimento do pensamento crítico no curso de graduação em enfermagem. Conclusão: os docentes mantiveram opiniões positivas e pontuaram que o pensamento crítico é construído ao longo da vida do ser humano, sendo considerado inerente à construção das suas habilidades e capacidades profissionais.


Objective: to examine perceptions of undergraduate Nursing teachers of their students' development of critical thinking, based on the use of teaching strategies and their implications in the teaching-learning process. Method: sixteen professors from an undergraduate course in Nursing and Obstetrics participated in this exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study. Data were produced through interviews to a semi-structured script and categorized by the thematic analysis technique, The study was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: three categories were identified: critical thinking as subjective interpretation, teaching strategies the teachers used in the undergraduate Nursing course, and what hinders and helps the development critical thinking on the undergraduate Nursing course. Conclusion: teachers held positive opinions and pointed out that critical thinking is built over the course of life and is considered inherent to constructing professional skills and abilities.


Objetivo: analizar las percepciones de los docentes de enfermería de pregrado sobre el desarrollo del pensamiento crítico de sus alumnos, basándose en el uso de estrategias de enseñanza y sus implicaciones en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Método: dieciséis profesores de un curso de pregrado en Enfermería y Obstetricia participaron en este estudio exploratorio, descriptivo y cualitativo. Los datos fueron producidos a través de entrevistas a un guion semiestructurado y clasificados por la técnica de análisis temático. El estudio fue aprobado por el comité de ética de investigación. Resultados: se identificaron tres categorías: pensamiento crítico como interpretación subjetiva, estrategias de enseñanza que los maestros utilizaron en el curso de pregrado en Enfermería, y lo que dificulta y ayuda al desarrollo del pensamiento crítico en el curso de pregrado en Enfermería. Conclusión: los maestros sostuvieron opiniones positivas y señalaron que el pensamiento crítico se construye a lo largo de la vida y se considera inherente a la construcción de habilidades y destrezas profesionales.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enseñanza/educación , Pensamiento , Educación en Enfermería/métodos , Docentes de Enfermería , Brasil , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Investigación Cualitativa , Aprendizaje
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182337

RESUMEN

Generation Z nursing students have a distinctive combination of attitudes, beliefs, social norms, and behaviors that will modify education and the nursing profession. This cross-sectional research study aimed to explore the social media use and characteristics of Generation Z in nursing students and to identify what were the most useful and preferred teaching methods during clinical training. Participants were Generation Z nursing degree students from a Spanish Higher Education Institution. A 41-item survey was developed and validated by an expert panel. The consecutive sample consisted of 120 students. Participants used social media for an average of 1.37 h (SD = 1.15) for clinical learning. They preferred, as teaching methods, linking mentorship learning to clinical experiences (x¯ = 3.51, SD = 0.88), online tutorials or videos (x¯ = 3.22, SD = 0.78), interactive gaming (x¯ = 3.09, SD = 1.14), and virtual learning environments (x¯ = 3, SD = 1.05). Regarding generational characteristics, the majority either strongly agreed or agreed with being high consumers of technology and cravers of the digital world (90.1%, n = 108 and 80%, n = 96). The authors consider it essential to expand our knowledge about the usefulness or possible use of teaching methods during clinical learning, which is essential at this moment because of the rapidly changing situation due to the Covid-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Enseñanza , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200683, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111782

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the challenges and perspectives of nursing education in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Reflection study, with theoretical approach based on national and international publications, allied to the experience of researchers in the area of nursing education. RESULTS: Four sections are identified: Nursing education: current affairs and perspectives; Education and technologies in time of pandemic: acceleration, alteration and paralysis; Difference between emergency, intentional and remote teaching; the return to the "new normality": new structuring axes and legal norms. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The conclusion is that longstanding challenges have emerged with the pandemic, and the processes of acceleration, change and paralysis have marked education in these times. Moreover, epidemiological, technological and psychological aspects should be more valued in the return to activities.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Educación en Enfermería/métodos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Tecnología Educacional , Humanos , Pandemias , Enseñanza
12.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1462-1469, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047707

RESUMEN

Background: Educational environment (EE) affects transfer/acquisition of knowledge and skills needed in training medical students. Evaluation of EE by students is paramount to rating the EE of a medical school as well as evaluate effects of interventions. Assessing EE of medical schools is a current global trend. Objectives: : To evaluate EE at the new medical school of the Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria; calculate the total and subscale (Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure) DREEM scores and assess differences in these scores amongst the different classes, age groups, and sexes. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using census survey. We administered DREEM questionnaire to 4th, 5th, and 6th year medical students in the 2018/2019 academic session after ethical approval from Health Research and Ethics Committee (HREC). Data entry and analysis done using SPSS. ANOVA was used for association between level of study, age group, and total DREEM/Subscale scores. Test for association between sex and mean subscale/total score was done using independent sample t-test. P value <0.05 was adjudged significant. Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency was calculated. Results: Of 206 students, 185 filled in the questionnaire. Total DREEM score was 119.66, Students' perception of teachers 26.74, Students' academic self Perception 21.94, Students' Perception of Learning 30.75, Students' Social Self Perception 15.04, Students' Perception of Atmosphere 25.26. Three items scored above 3 while 11 items scored ≤2. Fourth year students significantly scored higher than others for all subscale and total DREEM score. No significant associations between age or gender and subscale or total DREEM scores. Cronbach's alpha for all scores was 0.91. Conclusions: The EE was not excellent but "more positive than negative." Improvements are necessary in all domains of DREEM to ensure better quality of the educational environment.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Facultades de Medicina/organización & administración , Autoimagen , Medio Social , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Nigeria , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enseñanza , Universidades
13.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 106, 2020 Oct 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054836

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Depression, stress, and anxiety are common psychological conditions among dental students in many countries around the world. A number of researchers have found life coaching to be effective at reducing psychological distress. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a life coaching program on dental students' psychological status. METHODS: A quasi-experiment study with two arms was conducted on 88 female dental students at Umm Al-Qura University (study group = 44; control group = 44). The psychological status was assessed by questionnaire before and after intervention. The questionnaire was composed of the Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), Resilience Scale (RS-14), the Psychological Well-Being Scale-Short (PWB-S), and goal approach questions. The study group received a coaching program comprising one lecture for 1 h and five phone coaching sessions over 5 weeks, while the control group received no intervention. RESULTS: The study group showed a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, stress, resilience, and self-acceptance according to the PWB-S scale. Also, goal approach was significantly improved. On the other hand, the control group showed a significant reduction on the RS-14 only. The differences in the tested scales between the study group and the control group from pre-intervention (T1) to post-intervention (T2) showed significant differences in depression, stress, self-acceptance, and goal approach measurements per t-test. CONCLUSION: The study's findings showed that life coaching had the effect of reducing psychological distress, which encouraged the implementation of coaching practice in the daily life of dental students.


Asunto(s)
Odontólogos/psicología , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Tutoría , Distrés Psicológico , Estudiantes de Odontología/psicología , Adulto , Depresión , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estrés Psicológico , Enseñanza
14.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(4): 926-938, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116098

RESUMEN

Neuroanatomy is an integral part of Anatomy and it is one of the most visually dependent and visually-demanding one. Analysis of recent trends of emphasizing the importance of illustrations which are being reflected in the learning pattern or student-assessment can provide an insight into the situation and help teachers and curriculum planners. Thus, the present study was planned i) to analyze the Neuroanatomy portion of the recent undergraduate Anatomy written question papers of four public universities of Bangladesh for understanding how the ability to draw and label has been assessed in the questions and ii) to determine the ability of the undergraduate students to answer illustration-based questions as compared to their ability to answer non-illustration-based (text-based) questions in Neuroanatomy. For Part-A of the study, all the 'segment's of item (SAQ and MCQ) dealing with Neuroanatomy in all the available Anatomy written question papers of all the First Professional MBBS Exams of four public universities of Bangladesh of the last five years (2005 to 2009) were identified. The frequency of 'segment's those were assessing the ability to draw and label was determined. For Part-B of the study, 214 students were taken as participants. They were divided into two equal groups by randomization. The first group was given 100 illustration-based questions based on the illustrations representing different 'purpose's and 'form's in Snell1. The other group was given 100 non-illustration-based questions on the corresponding textual material. The scores of the two corresponding groups were compared using an unpaired 't' test. The frequency of segments was assessing the ability to draw and label was 3.86%. The performance of the undergraduates answering illustration-based questions was significantly poorer (p=0.0) than non-illustration-based questions (mean±SD being 23.36±14.02 and 44.75±9.50 respectively). Teaching and assessment of Neuroanatomy should be planned in a way to orient undergraduates towards more illustration-based understanding and performance. Necessary modifications in the curriculum are recommended.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina , Bangladesh , Curriculum , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Neuroanatomía/educación , Estudiantes , Enseñanza
15.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 132-139, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129139

RESUMEN

Introducción: en 2014, tras más de 10 años de comenzada la Carrera de Medicina en el Instituto Universitario Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires (IUHIBA), en la comunidad educativa se comenzó a plantear la necesidad de realizar un cambio curricular con el objetivo de lograr la enseñanza de habilidades complejas en forma integrada para generar un aprendizaje significativo y un mayor desarrollo de competencias. El cambio curricular comenzó a implementarse en 2018. Propósitos: describir la experiencia de diseño de las actividades de enseñanza en un currículo integrado. Desarrollo: para el diseño de las actividades de cada módulo (de un cuatrimestre de duración) se conformaron grupos planificadores multidisciplinarios. El objetivo principal de la planificación fue que los estudiantes comenzaran a desarrollar las habilidades necesarias para poder llevar adelante las actividades profesionales (EPAs: Entrustable Professional Activities) al final de la carrera. Los escenarios donde transcurren las actividades del Ciclo Inicial son las sesiones de aprendizaje basado en problemas, los laboratorios para el desarrollo de habilidades, las charlas plenarias y la atención primaria orientada a la comunidad. Fueron definidas EPAs para desarrollarse en el Ciclo Inicial, que guiaron la planificación en diálogo con los contenidos seleccionados para el cuatrimestre. Para poder realizar un diseño integrado se estableció la relación de cada actividad con las de los módulos precedentes, retomando y complejizando los contenidos para que el diseño fuera espiralado. Conclusiones: el mayor desafío de esta experiencia radicó en que debimos sumergirnos en un nuevo paradigma. El principal logro como grupo planificador fue hacer propia esta nueva forma de enseñanza: basada en el alumno, en problemas, integrada, espiralada. Evaluaremos los resultados tras su implementación y rediseñaremos las actividades, de ser necesario. (AU)


Introduction: in 2014, after 10 years of the establishment of the School of Medicine at the Instituto Universitario Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires (IUHIBA), the educational community identified the need to make a curricular change to teach complex skills in an integrated way to generate meaningful learning and further development of skills. The new curriculum was implemented in 2018. Purposes: to describe our experience in designing teaching activities for an integrated curriculum. Development: multidisciplinary planning groups were formed to design the activities of each four-month module. The main objective was for students to develop the skills necessary to carry out professional activities (EPAs: Entrustable Professional Activities) by the time of graduation. The "Initial Cycle" activities took place in four scenarios: (i) problem-based learning; (ii) skills lab (iii) forum discussions; and (iv) communityoriented education. The EPAs that would be acquired in the Initial Cycle were selected. Those EPAs, together with the contents selected for the semester guided the planning groups. To ensure an integrated design, the relationships of each module with the preceding one were established. We adopted a spiral design where we returned to the same topics at a deeper level and with more complexity. Conclusions: the greatest challenge was that this experience involved a paradigm change. Our main achievement was to adopt a new form of teaching that was student and problem based, within an integrated and spiral curriculum. We plan to evaluate the results after implementation and redesign the activities, if necessary. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Enseñanza/educación , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Argentina , Atención Primaria de Salud , Facultades de Medicina/tendencias , Estudiantes de Medicina , Enseñanza/tendencias , Universidades/tendencias , Técnicas de Planificación , Competencia Clínica , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/tendencias , Curriculum/tendencias , Capacitación Profesional
16.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 44(4): 579-586, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955344

RESUMEN

Online and distance education may be dismissed by educators who argue that these methods are not equivalent to traditional face-to-face education due to the lack of laboratory classes. However, smartphone-assisted experimentation is an innovative and powerful didactic tool that helps educators in the teaching process of physiology, particularly in situations with a lack of financial support for purchasing laboratory equipment, or lack of support for homework and assignments, distance learning courses, and emergency remote education, such as during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, we present the concept of the mobile learning laboratory (MobLeLab), which is a collection of smartphone applications that allow scientific data collection, such as physiological variables, for educational purposes. The three types of MobLeLabs (simulators, built-in, and plug-in) are presented, as well as ideas on how to use smartphone sensors to collect physiological data. Additionally, we elaborate on the principles of the protocols for physiology education with MobLeLabs and discuss their importance to fostering scientific method reasoning by students.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia/métodos , Aplicaciones Móviles , Fisiología/educación , Teléfono Inteligente , Enseñanza , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral
17.
Am J Pharm Educ ; 84(8): ajpe8142, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934391

RESUMEN

During the COVID-19 pandemic, universities around the globe frantically and emergently switched to remote teaching. This commentary provides the perspective from a teaching and learning center about the difference between emergency remote teaching and online learning, plus suggestions for preparing for an online fall semester.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Educación a Distancia/organización & administración , Aprendizaje , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Enseñanza/organización & administración , Humanos , Pandemias , Universidades
18.
Am J Pharm Educ ; 84(8): ajpe8197, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934392

RESUMEN

The coronavirus identified in 2019 (COVID-19) has affected peoples' lives worldwide. This pandemic forced both pharmacy faculty members and students to adapt to a new teaching and learning environment not only in the United States but around the globe. Pharmacy educators faced challenges and opportunities to convert classroom learning and experiences, as well as student assessments, to a remote or online format. The unique approaches taken to overcome difficulties in various countries showed pharmacy faculty members' resilience in the face of adversity and their determination to continue providing education to students. The pandemic also shed light on areas needing improvement for pharmacy educators to work on in the future.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Educación en Farmacia/organización & administración , Docentes de Farmacia/organización & administración , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Educación a Distancia/organización & administración , Docentes de Farmacia/psicología , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Pandemias , Resiliencia Psicológica , Enseñanza/organización & administración
19.
Yi Chuan ; 42(9): 916-925, 2020 Sep 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32952125

RESUMEN

Common wheat (T. aestivum L.) is also known as allohexaploid wheat. Its genome is composed of A/B/D sub-genomes from three closely related diploid ancestors. The evolutionary history of common wheat is used as a classic example to illustrate the mechanism of species formation and chromosome number variation in the current genetics class. In recent years, with the rapid development and application of research technologies, there have been many breakthroughs in the study of common wheat, at the cytological, molecular and genomic level. Here, we summarize the latest research achievements on common wheat, and discuss our practice in combining them with the genetics teaching. Our approach is not only a supplement to the current genetics textbooks, but also enables students to realize that genetics is a constantly evolving natural science. We aim to enhance students' interests in learning, as well as their systematic learning abilities on genetics and related scientific research frontiers.


Asunto(s)
Triticum , Evolución Biológica , Diploidia , Genoma de Planta , Poliploidía , Enseñanza
20.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 19(3): es10, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870082

RESUMEN

To promote undergraduate education reform, teaching professional development (TPD) efforts aim to encourage instructors to adopt evidence-based practices. However, many instructors do not attend TPD. There may be many reasons for this, including low intrinsic motivation to participate in TPD. Psychologists have dealt with motivational barriers in educational contexts using psychosocial interventions, brief activities that draw on a rich history of psychological research to subtly alter key, self-reinforcing psychological processes to yield long-term intrinsic motivation and behavioral changes. Psychosocial interventions, for example, have been used to alter students' noncognitive attitudes and beliefs, such as attributions and mindset, which positively influence students' motivation and academic performance. Here, we propose that insights from research on psychosocial interventions may be leveraged to design interventions that will increase instructors' motivation to participate in TPD, thus enhancing existing pedagogical reform efforts. We discuss psychological principles and "best practices" underlying effective psychosocial interventions that could guide the development of interventions to increase instructors' motivation to attend TPD. We encourage new interdisciplinary research collaborations to explore the potential of these interventions, which could be a new approach to mitigating at least one barrier to undergraduate education reform.


Asunto(s)
Educación Profesional , Motivación , Enseñanza/psicología , Rendimiento Académico , Ansiedad/psicología , Actitud , Humanos , Refuerzo en Psicología , Estudiantes/psicología
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