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1.
Med Educ Online ; 26(1): 1891610, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618631

RESUMEN

Multiple mini-interview (MMI) is a 'multiple sample-based' approach comprising multiple focused encounters intended to access and assess a range of attributes in order to gain more objectively multiple impressions of an applicant's interpersonal skills, thoughtfulness and general demeanour. It is designed to focus on four domains that are not considered to be comprehensive, but are considered to be vital for a successful career in the health sciences: critical thinking, ethical decision making, communication and knowledge of the healthcare system. Traditionally, the MMI is conducted face-to-face, but with COVID-19 pandemic and the implementation of social distancing measures, no onsite or campus teaching, banning of mass gatherings and cancellation of face-to-face interviews, Pengiran Anak Puteri Rashidah Sa'adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences at Universiti Brunei Darussalam explored the feasibility of conducting MMI through virtual means. This report provides an account of our experience in conducting internet-MMI for the selection of new applicants into the August 2020 cohort of the Medicine programme. We also aimed to determine whether the scores derived from internet-MMI were reliable and equivalent to the scores derived from traditional MMI.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Criterios de Admisión Escolar , Facultades de Medicina/organización & administración , Comunicación , Toma de Decisiones , Ética Médica , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Pandemias , Pensamiento
5.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 29(7): 271-277, 2021 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315646

RESUMEN

On May 7, 2020, the Coalition for Physician Accountability's released "Medical Students in the Class of 2021: Moving Across Institutions for Post Graduate Training," which comprises official recommendations on keeping programs and medical students safe during the upcoming match cycle with the challenges posed by COVID-19. In these recommendations, away rotations are discouraged, and all programs are compelled to commit to virtual interviews. Unlike employers and applicants in other industries, orthopaedic residency/fellowship programs and candidates seeking those positions have not routinely conducted virtual interviews. Without in-person interviews, applicants may perceive a limited ability to demonstrate their qualifications, judge program culture, and gauge ultimate program compatibility. Likewise, programs may perceive the inability to evaluate a candidate in real time, physically show program strengths, and ultimately judge applicant compatibility. Careful preparation and execution of a virtual interview can overcome these perceived limitations, whereas benefits, such as decreased cost for both programs and applicants, can make virtual interviews appealing. The purpose of this review was to help define a virtual interview, illustrate the benefits, and offer tips to both programs and applicants on how to prepare and perform optimally on an interview day.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Becas , Entrevistas como Asunto , Ortopedia/educación , Selección de Personal , /psicología , Becas/métodos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Selección de Personal/métodos , Interfaz Usuario-Computador
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23228, 2020 Nov 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181708

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide necessitates the provision of support for many patients. Patients with obesity appreciate receiving advice from doctors. Previous studies have qualitatively explored clinicians' counseling for weight loss; however, this is limited to primary physicians or general practitioners working in community health centers. In contrast, Korean Medicine Doctors (KMDs) have treated patients with obesity using a holistic approach with a multicomponent approach on counseling. However, there is currently no data regarding KMDs' consulting practices for weight loss. Therefore, the present study will explore KMDs' experience in counseling for weight loss and describe the constituents of counseling for weight loss in Korean medicine practice. METHODS: This qualitative study utilizes a phenomenological framework. The KMDs who have worked >1 year as practitioners in treating patients with obesity will be invited to describe their lived experiences of counseling patients for weight loss. Purposive and snowball sampling will be undertaken to ensure that the sample provides information-rich cases that are representative of KMDs' experiences of counseling for weight loss. Face-to-face, individual, and semi-structured interviews will be conducted with the participants, which will be analyzed using a phenomenological method. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval was granted by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (I-1908/006-001). The results will be disseminated via journal articles and conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Korean Clinical Trial Registry, KCT0004985.


Asunto(s)
Consejo/métodos , Obesidad/complicaciones , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Obesidad/psicología , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina/normas , Investigación Cualitativa , República de Corea , Programas de Reducción de Peso/normas
8.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238239, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866220

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Residency applications via virtual-interview could potentially mitigate the extensive cost and time required for customary in-person interviews. We outline the perception of medical students and residents on the use of virtual-interview for residency applications in lieu of in-person interviews. METHODS: We obtained 1824 responses from medical students and residents through an online questionnaire between March2019-Feb2020 in Texas-United States. The survey had 11 statements (five in favor of in-person interviews and 6 in favor of virtual interviews) that respondents could rank on a 5-point Likert scale. All statements' scores were summed based on the response given by each participant to create a total score between 11 and 55. The perception of the two groups was analyzed using an independent sample T-test and ANOVA. RESULTS: We received a total of 1711 responses from medical students and 113 from medical residents. Respondents were more female (82.2% of medical students and 47.8% of residents), with a mean age of 22.87±3.42 years old for medical students and 28.72±4.35 years old for residents. Both groups preferred in-person interviews; however, the residents were significantly more in favor (P = 0.03). Both groups agree that virtual-interviews should be as an option, though this was considerably higher in the medical students (P = 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, "travel distance" and "type of medical school" had a significant impact on choosing the virtual-interviews in both groups (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In-person interviews are favored by both medical students and residents compared to virtual-interview services in normal circumstances. However, both groups agree that programs should offer the option of having virtual-interviews as an available choice. Distance to an interview location and the type of medical school were the factors that had a significant impact on perception of using virtual-interviews. Knowing about the applicants' attitude toward residency interviews and the national circumstances are essential when preparing the interview guides. Our findings are limited by the small sample size and the low response rate. Further extensive studies are warranted to better understand the perception of residency applicants toward virtual-interviews to improve the interview process in the United States.


Asunto(s)
Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Selección de Personal/métodos , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Entrevistas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Criterios de Admisión Escolar/estadística & datos numéricos , Facultades de Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Texas , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234897, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735586

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Stress-induced exhaustion disorder (SED) is a primary cause for sickness absence among persons with mental health disorders in Sweden. Interventions involving the workplace, and supporting communication between the employee and the supervisor, are proposed to facilitate return to work (RTW). The aim of this study was to explore experiences of persons with SED who participated in a dialogue-based workplace intervention with a convergence dialogue meeting performed by a rehabilitation coordinator. METHODS: A qualitative design based on group interviews with 15 persons with SED who participated in a 24-week multimodal rehabilitation program was used. The interviews were analyzed with the methodology of grounded theory. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in a theoretical model where the core category, restoring confidence on common ground, represented a health promoting process that included three phases: emotional entrance, supportive guidance, and empowering change. The health promoting process was represented in participant experiences of personal progress and safety in RTW. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention built on a health-promoting pedagogy, supported by continuous guidance from a rehabilitation coordinator and structured convergence dialogue meetings that enhanced common communication and collaboration with the supervisor and others involved in the RTW process. The intervention balanced relationships, transferred knowledge, and changed attitudes about SED among supervisors and colleagues in the workplace. The inclusion of a rehabilitation coordinator in the intervention was beneficial by enhancing RTW and bridging the gaps between healthcare, the workplace, and other organizational structures. In addition, the intervention contributed to a positive re-orientation towards successful RTW instead of an endpoint of employment. In a prolonged process, a dialogue-based workplace intervention with convergence dialogue meetings and a rehabilitation coordinator may support sustainable RTW for persons with SED.


Asunto(s)
Estrés Laboral/psicología , Estrés Laboral/rehabilitación , Reinserción al Trabajo/psicología , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Emociones , Empleo , Femenino , Teoría Fundamentada , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Trastornos Mentales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estrés Laboral/fisiopatología , Ausencia por Enfermedad , Suecia , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología
10.
Qual Health Res ; 30(13): 2092-2102, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667257

RESUMEN

Advocates of online alternatives to face-to-face interviewing suggest online approaches save money and time, whereas others have raised concerns about the quality and content of the resulting data. These issues affect researchers designing and costing their studies and application reviewers and research funders. We conducted a scoping review of English language articles describing the range of online alternative approaches. Furthermore, we systematically identified studies directly comparing online alternatives with face-to-face approaches. Synthesis of these 11 articles (565 participants) suggests that online alternatives should not be viewed as a straightforward replacement for face-to-face, a particularly important finding given the rapid communication changes occurring in the COVID-19 pandemic. When applied with consideration of the evolving evidence on their strengths and weaknesses, online methods may increase the likelihood of obtaining the desired sample, but responses are shorter, less contextual information is obtained, and relational satisfaction and consensus development are lower.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Recolección de Datos/métodos , Internet , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Investigación Cualitativa , Betacoronavirus , Comunicación , Exactitud de los Datos , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Pandemias , Proyectos de Investigación
11.
Curationis ; 43(1): e1-e9, 2020 Jun 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633990

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), up to 25% of people worldwide will develop mental health disorders during their lifetime. Patients admitted to acute inpatient units for mood disorders experience emotional distress. Group therapy has the potential to foster the therapeutic change through specific therapeutic mechanisms. Psychiatric nurses working in inpatient units are in a unique position to offer group therapy. OBJECTIVES: Explore and describe stabilised acute psychiatric patients with mood disorders' lived experiences of group therapy facilitated by psychiatric nurses. Make specific recommendations for psychiatric nurses to facilitate constructive group therapy for stabilised acute psychiatric patients with mood disorders in an inpatient unit. METHOD: A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual design was used in the study. A purposive sample of all patients with mood disorders older than 18 years admitted to inpatient units who participated in group therapy was made. Data were collected through conducting phenomenological interviews, observation and field notes. Interviews focussed on the following open question: 'How did you experience group therapy facilitated by the psychiatric nurses?' An independent coder analysed the data by using thematic coding. Measures to ensure trustworthiness were applied. The following four ethical principles were adhered to: autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice. RESULTS: Three themes emerged from this study. Theme 1 entailed the psychological experiences of patients attending group therapy. Theme 2 highlighted the interpersonal experiences of patients. Theme 3 evolved around patients' experiences outside group therapy. Patients initially experienced attending group therapy as anxiety provoking. However, negative psychological experiences soon transformed into positive psychological experiences. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study were used to make specific recommendations to facilitate constructive group therapy for patients with mood disorders.


Asunto(s)
Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida , Trastornos del Humor/terapia , Psicoterapia de Grupo/normas , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trastornos del Humor/psicología , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Enfermería Psiquiátrica/métodos , Enfermería Psiquiátrica/normas , Enfermería Psiquiátrica/estadística & datos numéricos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigación Cualitativa , Sudáfrica
12.
BMJ Sex Reprod Health ; 46(3): 172-176, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665231

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore patient experiences obtaining a medical abortion using an at-home telemedicine service operated by Marie Stopes Australia. METHODS: From July to October 2017, we conducted semistructured in-depth telephone interviews with a convenience sample of medical abortion patients from Marie Stopes Australia. We analysed interview data for themes relating to patient experiences prior to service initiation, during an at-home telemedicine medical abortion visit, and after completing the medical abortion. RESULTS: We interviewed 24 patients who obtained care via the at-home telemedicine medical abortion service. Patients selected at-home telemedicine due to convenience, ability to remain at home and manage personal responsibilities, and desires for privacy. A few telemedicine patients reported that a lack of general practitioner knowledge of abortion services impeded their access to care. Most telemedicine patients felt at-home telemedicine was of equal or superior privacy to in-person care and nearly all felt comfortable during the telemedicine visit. Most were satisfied with the home delivery of the abortion medications and would recommend the service. CONCLUSION: Patient reports suggest that an at-home telemedicine model for medical abortion is a convenient and acceptable mode of service delivery that may reduce patient travel and out-of-pocket costs. Additional provider education about this model may be necessary in order to improve continuity of patient care. Further study of the impacts of this model on patients is needed to inform patient care and determine whether such a model is appropriate for similar geographical and legal contexts.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Legal/psicología , Misoprostol/uso terapéutico , Telemedicina/normas , Abortivos no Esteroideos/administración & dosificación , Abortivos no Esteroideos/uso terapéutico , Aborto Legal/métodos , Adulto , Australia , Femenino , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/normas , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Misoprostol/administración & dosificación , Embarazo , Investigación Cualitativa , Telemedicina/instrumentación , Telemedicina/métodos
14.
Med Care ; 58(8): 696-702, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692135

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Poor coordination between the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and non-VA care may negatively impact health care quality. Recent legislation is intended to increase Veterans' access to care, in part through increased use of non-VA care. However, a possible consequence may be diminished patient experiences of coordination. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine VA patients' and clinicians' experiences of coordination across VA and non-VA settings. DESIGN: Observational mixed methods using patient surveys and clinician interviews. Sampled patients were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus and either cardiovascular or mental health comorbidities. PARTICIPANTS AND MEASURES: Patient perspectives on coordination were elicited between April and September 2016 through a national survey supplemented with VA administrative records (N=5372). Coordination was measured with the 8-dimension Patient Perceptions of Integrated Care survey. Receipt of non-VA care was measured through patient self-report. Clinician perspectives were elicited through individual interviews (N=100) between May and October 2017. RESULTS: Veterans who received both VA and non-VA care reported significantly worse care coordination experiences than Veterans who only receive care in VA. Clinicians report limited information exchange capabilities, which, combined with bureaucratic and opaque procedures, adversely impact clinical decision-making. CONCLUSIONS: VA is working through a shift in how Veterans receive health care by increasing access to care from non-VA providers. Study findings suggest that VA should prioritize coordination of care in addition to access. This could include requiring monitoring of patient-experienced care coordination, surveys of referring and consulting clinicians, and pilot testing and evaluation of interventions to improve coordination.


Asunto(s)
Personal de Salud/psicología , Organización y Administración/estadística & datos numéricos , Calidad de la Atención de Salud/normas , Veteranos/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación Cualitativa , Calidad de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos , Veteranos/estadística & datos numéricos
16.
J Surg Educ ; 77(5): 999-1004, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507697

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of COVID-19 on the costs of the surgical fellowship interview process. DESIGN: A literature review of the historical costs of surgical fellowship interviews and a summary of how the shift to virtual interviews has unintended positive and negative effects on costs for applicants and training programs. RESULTS: Transitioning fellowship interviews to virtual platforms affects expenditures of finances and time. Each fellowship candidate saves close to $6,000 in interview travel expenses. Applicants require less time off from their residency programs during this critical time of need for frontline healthcare workers. However, applicants miss some of the live aspects of interviewing, and training programs invest more effort upfront altering their interviews to virtual formats. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 public health crisis has had a significant impact on surgical education, including how selection is conducted. Virtual recruitment has the potential for cost savings but should continue to be refined. This is an opportune time to innovate and rethink how to recruit prospective surgical residency and fellowship candidates during the current and forthcoming interview seasons.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Ahorro de Costo , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/métodos , Becas/economía , Cirugía General/educación , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adulto , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Femenino , Humanos , Internado y Residencia/organización & administración , Masculino , Pandemias , Telecomunicaciones/economía , Estados Unidos
17.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 20(1): 159, 2020 06 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539726

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the feasibility of using multiple technologies to recruit and conduct cognitive interviews among young people across the United States to test items measuring sexual and reproductive empowerment. We sought to understand whether these methods could achieve a diverse sample of participants. With more researchers turning to approaches that maintain social distancing in the context of COVID-19, it has become more pressing to refine these remote research methods. METHODS: We used several online sites to recruit for and conduct cognitive testing of survey items. To recruit potential participants we advertised the study on the free online bulletin board, Craigslist, and the free online social network, Reddit. Interested participants completed an online Qualtrics screening form. To maximize diversity, we purposefully selected individuals to invite for participation. We used the video meeting platform, Zoom, to conduct the cognitive interviews. The interviewer opened a document with the items to be tested, shared the screen with the participant, and gave them control of the mouse and keyboard. After the participant self-administered the survey, the interviewer asked about interpretation and comprehension. After completion of the interviews we sent participants a follow-up survey about their impressions of the research methods and technologies used. We describe the processes, the advantages and disadvantages, and offer recommendations for researchers. RESULTS: We recruited and interviewed 30 young people from a range of regions, gender identities, sexual orientations, ages, education, and experiences with sexual activity. These methods allowed us to recruit a purposefully selected diverse sample in terms of race/ethnicity and region. It also may have offered potential participants a feeling of safety and anonymity leading to greater participation from gay, lesbian, and transgender people who would not have agreed to participate in-person. Conducting the interviews using video chat may also have facilitated the inclusion of individuals who would not volunteer for in-person meetings. Disadvantages of video interviewing included participant challenges to finding a private space for the interview and problems with electronic devices. CONCLUSIONS: Online technologies can be used to achieve a diverse sample of research participants, contributing to research findings that better respond to young people's unique identities and situations.


Asunto(s)
Cognición/fisiología , Encuestas Epidemiológicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Entrevistas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Conducta Sexual/estadística & datos numéricos , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus/fisiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas/métodos , Humanos , Internet , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Masculino , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/virología , Psicometría/métodos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235088, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574228

RESUMEN

Understanding health beliefs is important to facilitate health promotion and disease prevention as they influence health behaviors, outcomes, and disease management. Given the rise of hypertension-related diseases in the Dominican Republic, the purpose of our study was to identify hypertension-related health beliefs of Dominicans in order to inform the development of culturally appropriate interventions for hypertension prevention, care, and treatment. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 Dominicans, 15 of whom were receiving treatment for hypertension. Operating within the interpretative paradigmatic framework, we conducted thematic analyses of interview data to identify hypertension-related health beliefs and practices. Iterative data analysis revealed the following themes: 1) Negative emotions are a primary cause of hypertension, 2) Medication is the best treatment but adherence is challenging, 3) Systemic barriers impede treatment access, 4) Hypertension negatively impacts mental and physical well-being, and 5) Lifestyle changes, relaxation, and social support help manage hypertension. Data gathered from member checking validated these findings. This study enhances understanding of the beliefs and experiences of Dominicans and emphasize the importance of implementing culturally competent health programming and care.


Asunto(s)
Cultura , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud/fisiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Encuestas Epidemiológicas/métodos , Hipertensión/prevención & control , Hipertensión/fisiopatología , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , República Dominicana , Emociones/fisiología , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Hipertensión/psicología , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Entrevistas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Cumplimiento de la Medicación/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Apoyo Social
19.
Med Educ Online ; 25(1): 1777066, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497472

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Residency programs invest a significant amount of time and resources on the recruitment process, and maintaining efficiency and cost-effectiveness are very important. Virtual Reality (VR) has become an adaptive substitute for 'real life' experiences and its use during the interview season could help save time and resources. OBJECTIVE: With the intention to maximize the interview day and provide a cost-effective alternative to facility tours, a Med-Peds residency training program introduced a VR tour of their children's hospital during recruitment. DESIGN: The Med-Peds program replaced an in-person facility tour of the children's hospital with a VR tour. Applicants were asked to complete an anonymous, voluntary survey on their VR experience at the end of the interview season, and rank features of the interview day in order of importance. RESULTS: There were 33 respondents out of 54 interviewees. Approximately two thirds (63-66%) agreed that VR was non-inferior and superior to in-person facility tours, and that the use of VR had a favorable impact on their perception of the program. However, almost 50% of the applicants had some difficulty using VR technology. CONCLUSION: Use of VR facility tours as an alternative to in-person tours of affiliate training facilities during a residency interview day is a viable and innovative option that can save time and money and favorably impact the applicant's impression of the program. More research is necessary to assess whether VR tours can replace in-person tours at the main teaching site, however, while social distancing measures are in place, VR tours may become necessary for programs moving forward. ABBREVIATIONS: Med-Peds: Internal Medicine-Pediatrics; VR: Virtual Reality; AAMC: Association of American Medical Colleges; IRB: Institutional Review Board.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Hospitales Pediátricos/organización & administración , Internado y Residencia/métodos , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Realidad Virtual , Comportamiento del Consumidor , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Hospitales Pediátricos/economía , Humanos , Internado y Residencia/economía , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 207: 103080, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413731

RESUMEN

Researchers started developing interview techniques to enhance deception detection in forensic settings. One of those techniques is the Model Statement, which has been shown to be effective for eliciting information and cues to deception in single interviews. In the current research, we focused on the effect of the Model Statement in multiple interviews. Participants (N = 243) were interviewed three times-each time one week apart-about a genuine (truth tellers) or fabricated (lie tellers) memorable event. They listened to a Model Statement at Time 1, Time 2, Times 1 and 2, or not at all. Hypotheses focused on participants' verbal reports at Time 3 and on unique details provided across the three interviews. In both instances, truth tellers provided more core and total details and complications and fewer common knowledge details and self-handicapping strategies and obtained higher proportion scores of (i) complications and (ii) core details than lie tellers. Complications and proportion of complications were the most diagnostic cues. The Model Statement was effective only when presented at Time 1, resulting in more common knowledge details. No Veracity × Model Statement interaction effects emerged.


Asunto(s)
Señales (Psicología) , Decepción , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información/fisiología , Entrevistas como Asunto/métodos , Detección de Mentiras , Percepción Auditiva , Humanos
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