Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 259.870
Filtrar
1.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 58(2): 1-14, abril-junio 2024. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232118

RESUMEN

La pandemia de COVID-19 ha afectado a la población, perjudicando especialmente a los miembros de aquellos grupos sociales en situación de mayor vulnerabilidad. Estas poblaciones específicas, como aquellas con alguna dependencia funcional, podrían verse más afectadas por los efectos de la pandemia del COVID-19. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este artículo fue describir las intervenciones para preservar la salud general, mantener la función y la independencia y prevenir la infección por COVID-19 para los adultos con dependencia funcional (ADF). Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en bases de datos. Se revisaron los títulos y los resúmenes de cada publicación para determinar su relevancia. Dos revisores independientes accedieron a los artículos de texto completo para determinar su elegibilidad después de la selección inicial. Las búsquedas se realizaron en septiembre de 2021 y se actualizaron en enero y julio de 2022. La información encontrada se clasificó en 3 categorías: 1) ADF durante la pandemia de COVID-19; 2) ADF durante la pandemia de COVID-19 según una condición específica (condiciones neurológicas, discapacidades/deficiencias sensoriales y deterioro cognitivo), y 3) Adultos mayores con dependencia funcional. Los adultos con dependencia enfrentaron dificultades y barreras durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Las autoridades de cada país deben garantizar que los ADF tengan acceso a los servicios de rehabilitación en tiempos de crisis sanitaria. Además, es necesario aumentar la capacidad de los servicios de rehabilitación en tiempos de crisis como pandemias. De igual manera, se sugiere el fortalecimiento de estrategias como la telerehabilitación para evitar el deterioro o agravamiento de la funcionalidad de las personas dependientes. (AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the world population, especially people from social groups in a situation of greater vulnerability among people with some functional dependency. Therefore, the aim of this review was to describe interventions during the pandemic to preserve general health, maintain function and independence, and prevent COVID-19 infection for functionally dependent adults (FDA). A systematic search in databases was carried out. Titles and abstracts of each publication were reviewed for relevance. Full-text articles were accessed by two independent reviewers. The information found was classified into three categories: 1) FDA during the COVID-19 pandemic, 2) FDA during the COVID-19 pandemic according to a specific condition (neurological conditions, sensory disabilities/impairments, and cognitive impairment), and 3) Older adults with functional dependence. The FDAs have faced difficulties and barriers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Strengthening strategies such as telerehabilitation is suggested to avoid deterioration or aggravation of the functionality of dependent people. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Actividades Cotidianas , Vida Independiente , Instituciones de Vida Asistida , Envejecimiento , Cuidadores
2.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58546, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1550246

RESUMEN

Resumen Introdução: A criação de guias que unificam as demandas clínicas prevalentes em consultas de enfermagem gerontológica e, das suas respectivas intervenções, se faz presente, devido a heterogeneidade das patologias emergentes no processo de envelhecimento, que irão precisar de cuidados. Objetivo: Identificar as demandas clínicas em consultas de enfermagem gerontológica e, as intervenções implementadas pelos(as) enfermeiros(as). Método: Revisão integrativa de pesquisas originais, publicadas entre 2018 e 2022, em inglês, espanhol e português, disponíveis nas bases de dados Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, BIREME/LILACS/BDENF/IBECS/BVS, SciELO e Google Scholar, pelos descritores DeCS/MESH: "Idoso"; "Enfermagem no Consultório"; "Enfermagem Geriátrica" e "Geriatria". O Rating System for the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention foi usado para determinar o nível de evidência da amostra final. Foram excluídos editoriais, estudos de revisão e artigos duplicados. A análise dos dados se deu pela leitura analítica e interpretativa, guiadas por um checklist. Resultados: Oito artigos foram selecionados e trouxeram demandas clínica tais como: o déficit no autocuidado para banho; autonegligência; fadiga; risco de integridade da pele prejudicada; desesperança; tristeza e depressão. As intervenções se relacionaram ao incentivo ao autocuidado; otimização dos medicamentos; estímulo a atividade física; cuidados com a pele; aconselhamento; musicoterapia e reabilitação psicossocial. Conclusão: Demandas clínicas atendidas nas consultas de enfermagem gerontológica possuem grande variação, com prevalência no domínio atividade/repouso, tais como intervenções voltadas para o tratamento e prevenção de doenças e ações visando a promoção da saúde, tendo o domínio comportamental mais expressivo.


Resumen Introducción: La creación de guías que unifiquen las demandas clínicas prevalentes en las consultas de enfermería gerontológica y sus respectivas intervenciones es necesaria, debido a la heterogeneidad de patologías emergentes en el proceso de envejecimiento que requerirán cuidados. Objetivo: Identificar las demandas clínicas en las consultas de enfermería gerontológica y las intervenciones implementadas por el personal de enfermería. Método: Revisión integrativa de investigaciones originales, publicadas entre 2018 y 2022, en inglés, español y portugués, en las bases de datos Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, BIREME/LILACS/BDENF/IBECS/BVS, SciELO y Google Scholar. Se utilizaron los descriptores DeCS/MESH: "Idoso"; "Enfermagem no Consultório"; "Enfermagem Geriátrica" e "Geriatria". Para determinar el nivel de evidencia de la muestra final, se usó el Rating System for the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention. Además, se excluyeron los editoriales, los estudios de revisión y los artículos duplicados. Los datos se analizaron mediante lectura analítica e interpretativa, guiada por una lista de verificación. Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho artículos que aportaron demandas clínicas como déficit en el autocuidado para el baño, autodescuido, fatiga, riesgo integridad de la piel perjudicada; desesperanza, tristeza y depresión. Las intervenciones estaban orientadas al fomento del autocuidado, la optimización de la medicación, el fomento de la actividad física, el cuidado de la piel, el asesoramiento, la musicoterapia y la rehabilitación psicosocial. Conclusión: Las demandas clínicas atendidas en las consultas de enfermería gerontológica son muy variadas, con predominio en el dominio actividad/reposo, como intervenciones dirigidas al tratamiento y prevención de enfermedades y acciones dirigidas a la promoción de la salud, siendo más expresivo el dominio conductual.


Abstract Introduction: The creation of guidelines that unify the prevalent clinical demands from gerontological nursing consultations and their corresponding interventions are necessary due to the heterogeneity of emerging pathologies in the aging process that will require nursing care. Objective: To identify clinical demands in gerontological nursing consultations and the interventions implemented by nurses. Method: An integrative review of original research published from 2018 and 2022, in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, in Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, BIREME/lilacs/BDENF/IBECS/VHL, SciELO, and Google Scholar databases, using the DeCS/MESH descriptors: "Elderly", "Nursing in the Office", "Geriatric Nursing", and "Geriatrics". The Rating System for the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention was used to determine the level of evidence of the final sample. Editorials, review studies, and duplicate articles were excluded. The data were analyzed by analytical and interpretative reading, guided by a checklist. Results: Eight articles were selected that showed clinical demands such as deficits in self-care for bathing, self-negligence, fatigue, risk of damaged skin integrity, hopelessness, sadness, and depression. Interventions were related to encouraging self-care, medication optimization, encouragement of exercise, skin care, counseling, music therapy, and psychosocial rehabilitation. Conclusion: There are many different clinical demands in gerontological nursing consultations, especially associated with the domain of activity/rest. These include interventions to treat and prevent diseases, and actions aimed at health promotion, in most cases associated with the behavioral domain.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Atención Dirigida al Paciente/métodos , Enfermería Geriátrica/métodos , Guía
3.
Physiol Res ; 73(2): 295-304, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710060

RESUMEN

Aging leads to a decrease in muscle function, mass, and strength in skeletal muscle of animals and humans. The transcriptome identified activation of the JAK/STAT pathway, a pathway that is associated with skeletal muscle atrophy, and endurance training has a significant effect on improving sarcopenia; however, the exact mechanism still requires further study. We investigated the effect of endurance training on sarcopenia. Six-month-old male SAMR1 mice were used as a young control group (group C), and the same month-old male SAMP8 mice were divided into an exercise group (group E) and a model group (group M). A 3-month running exercise intervention was performed on group E, and the other two groups were kept normally. Aging caused significant signs of sarcopenia in the SAMP8 mice, and endurance training effectively improved muscle function, muscle mass, and muscle strength in the SAMP8 mice. The expression of JAK2/STAT3 pathway factor was decreased in group E compared with group M, and the expression of SOCS3, the target gene of STAT3, and NR1D1, an atrophy-related factor, was significantly increased. Endurance training significantly improved the phenotypes associated with sarcopenia, and the JAK2/STAT3 pathway is a possible mechanism for the improvement of sarcopenia by endurance training, while NR1D1 may be its potential target. Keywords: Sarcopenia, Endurance training, Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3), Nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group D member 1 (Nr1d1).


Asunto(s)
Entrenamiento Aeróbico , Janus Quinasa 2 , Condicionamiento Físico Animal , Factor de Transcripción STAT3 , Sarcopenia , Transducción de Señal , Animales , Sarcopenia/metabolismo , Sarcopenia/prevención & control , Sarcopenia/terapia , Janus Quinasa 2/metabolismo , Factor de Transcripción STAT3/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratones , Condicionamiento Físico Animal/fisiología , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Envejecimiento/metabolismo
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3873, 2024 May 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719882

RESUMEN

Human glial progenitor cells (hGPCs) exhibit diminished expansion competence with age, as well as after recurrent demyelination. Using RNA-sequencing to compare the gene expression of fetal and adult hGPCs, we identify age-related changes in transcription consistent with the repression of genes enabling mitotic expansion, concurrent with the onset of aging-associated transcriptional programs. Adult hGPCs develop a repressive transcription factor network centered on MYC, and regulated by ZNF274, MAX, IKZF3, and E2F6. Individual over-expression of these factors in iPSC-derived hGPCs lead to a loss of proliferative gene expression and an induction of mitotic senescence, replicating the transcriptional changes incurred during glial aging. miRNA profiling identifies the appearance of an adult-selective miRNA signature, imposing further constraints on the expansion competence of aged GPCs. hGPC aging is thus associated with acquisition of a MYC-repressive environment, suggesting that suppression of these repressors of glial expansion may permit the rejuvenation of aged hGPCs.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , MicroARNs , Neuroglía , Factores de Transcripción , Humanos , Neuroglía/metabolismo , Neuroglía/citología , Envejecimiento/genética , Envejecimiento/metabolismo , Factores de Transcripción/metabolismo , Factores de Transcripción/genética , MicroARNs/genética , MicroARNs/metabolismo , Senescencia Celular/genética , Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas/metabolismo , Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas/citología , Células Madre/metabolismo , Células Madre/citología , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-myc/genética , Adulto , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proliferación Celular/genética , Regulación del Desarrollo de la Expresión Génica , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10555, 2024 05 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719902

RESUMEN

Heat stress exposure in intermittent heat waves and subsequent exposure during war theaters pose a clinical challenge that can lead to multi-organ dysfunction and long-term complications in the elderly. Using an aged mouse model and high-throughput sequencing, this study investigated the molecular dynamics of the liver-brain connection during heat stress exposure. Distinctive gene expression patterns induced by periodic heat stress emerged in both brain and liver tissues. An altered transcriptome profile showed heat stress-induced altered acute phase response pathways, causing neural, hepatic, and systemic inflammation and impaired synaptic plasticity. Results also demonstrated that proinflammatory molecules such as S100B, IL-17, IL-33, and neurological disease signaling pathways were upregulated, while protective pathways like aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling were downregulated. In parallel, Rantes, IRF7, NOD1/2, TREM1, and hepatic injury signaling pathways were upregulated. Furthermore, current research identified Orosomucoid 2 (ORM2) in the liver as one of the mediators of the liver-brain axis due to heat exposure. In conclusion, the transcriptome profiling in elderly heat-stressed mice revealed a coordinated network of liver-brain axis pathways with increased hepatic ORM2 secretion, possibly due to gut inflammation and dysbiosis. The above secretion of ORM2 may impact the brain through a leaky blood-brain barrier, thus emphasizing intricate multi-organ crosstalk.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Hígado , Animales , Ratones , Hígado/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Masculino , Transcriptoma , Eje Cerebro-Intestino , Respuesta al Choque Térmico/genética , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL , Transducción de Señal , Envejecimiento/genética , Envejecimiento/metabolismo
6.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(7): 2532-2554, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725847

RESUMEN

Autophagy plays a critical role in maintaining cellular homeostasis and responding to various stress conditions by the degradation of intracellular components. In this narrative review, we provide a comprehensive overview of autophagy's cellular and molecular basis, biological significance, pharmacological modulation, and its relevance in lifestyle medicine. We delve into the intricate molecular mechanisms that govern autophagy, including macroautophagy, microautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy. Moreover, we highlight the biological significance of autophagy in aging, immunity, metabolism, apoptosis, tissue differentiation and systemic diseases, such as neurodegenerative or cardiovascular diseases and cancer. We also discuss the latest advancements in pharmacological modulation of autophagy and their potential implications in clinical settings. Finally, we explore the intimate connection between lifestyle factors and autophagy, emphasizing how nutrition, exercise, sleep patterns and environmental factors can significantly impact the autophagic process. The integration of lifestyle medicine into autophagy research opens new avenues for promoting health and longevity through personalized interventions.


Asunto(s)
Autofagia , Estilo de Vida , Humanos , Animales , Envejecimiento , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo
7.
Cells ; 13(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727285

RESUMEN

With the increasing proportion of the aging population, neurodegenerative diseases have become one of the major health issues in society. Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), including multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), are characterized by progressive neurodegeneration associated with aging, leading to a gradual decline in cognitive, emotional, and motor functions in patients. The process of aging is a normal physiological process in human life and is accompanied by the aging of the immune system, which is known as immunosenescence. T-cells are an important part of the immune system, and their senescence is the main feature of immunosenescence. The appearance of senescent T-cells has been shown to potentially lead to chronic inflammation and tissue damage, with some studies indicating a direct link between T-cell senescence, inflammation, and neuronal damage. The role of these subsets with different functions in NDs is still under debate. A growing body of evidence suggests that in people with a ND, there is a prevalence of CD4+ T-cell subsets exhibiting characteristics that are linked to senescence. This underscores the significance of CD4+ T-cells in NDs. In this review, we summarize the classification and function of CD4+ T-cell subpopulations, the characteristics of CD4+ T-cell senescence, the potential roles of these cells in animal models and human studies of NDs, and therapeutic strategies targeting CD4+ T-cell senescence.


Asunto(s)
Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos , Senescencia Celular , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/inmunología , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/patología , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/terapia , Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos/inmunología , Senescencia Celular/inmunología , Animales , Envejecimiento/inmunología , Envejecimiento/patología , Senescencia de Células T
8.
Cells ; 13(9)2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727299

RESUMEN

The adipose organ adapts and responds to internal and environmental stimuli by remodeling both its cellular and extracellular components. Under conditions of energy surplus, the subcutaneous white adipose tissue (WAT) is capable of expanding through the enlargement of existing adipocytes (hypertrophy), followed by de novo adipogenesis (hyperplasia), which is impaired in hypertrophic obesity. However, an impaired hyperplastic response may result from various defects in adipogenesis, leading to different WAT features and metabolic consequences, as discussed here by reviewing the results of the studies in animal models with either overexpression or knockdown of the main molecular regulators of the two steps of the adipogenesis process. Moreover, impaired WAT remodeling with aging has been associated with various age-related conditions and reduced lifespan expectancy. Here, we delve into the latest advancements in comprehending the molecular and cellular processes underlying age-related changes in WAT function, their involvement in common aging pathologies, and their potential as therapeutic targets to influence both the health of elderly people and longevity. Overall, this review aims to encourage research on the mechanisms of WAT maladaptation common to conditions of both excessive and insufficient fat tissue. The goal is to devise adipocyte-targeted therapies that are effective against both obesity- and age-related disorders.


Asunto(s)
Adipogénesis , Tejido Adiposo Blanco , Envejecimiento , Obesidad , Humanos , Envejecimiento/patología , Obesidad/patología , Obesidad/metabolismo , Tejido Adiposo Blanco/metabolismo , Tejido Adiposo Blanco/patología , Animales , Adipocitos/metabolismo , Adipocitos/patología
9.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0299791, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728261

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders among older people. Depressive symptoms are often overlooked and untreated in primary care settings. This study aims to assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms and associated factors among older people in Vietnam. METHOD: The study analyzed data from the Vietnam National Aging Survey (VNAS) conducted in 2022 with a nationally representative sample of 3,006 older people aged 60 and over in 12 provinces. The 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) was used to assess depressive symptoms. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to explore the association between depressive symptoms and other related factors such as sociodemographic and economic characteristics, social support, health status, Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) limitations, chronic diseases, cigarette smoking status, alcoholic drinking, and domestic violence. RESULTS: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among older people was 20.2%. The associated factors that increase the odds of having depression among older people were female gender (OR = 2.21, 95% CI 1.34-3.62), living in rural areas (OR = 1.83, 95% CI 1.15-2.89), the poorest quintile (OR = 2.26, 95% CI 1.39-3.66), self-rated poor health (OR = 11.68, 95% CI 4.96-27.49), ADL limitations (OR = 2.12, 95% CI 1.51-2.99), IADL limitation (OR = 1.61 95% CI 1.16-2.25), and experiencing domestic violence in the last 12 months (OR = 6.66, 95% CI 4.00-11.05). CONCLUSION: Depression symptoms were prevalent among older people in Vietnam. Depression screening for older people should be included in primary care settings for early identification and treatment of depression.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Depresión , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Vietnam/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Prevalencia , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Envejecimiento/psicología , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Estado de Salud
10.
Sci Adv ; 10(19): eadj6990, 2024 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728404

RESUMEN

Mosquito-borne diseases like malaria are rising globally, and improved mosquito vector surveillance is needed. Survival of Anopheles mosquitoes is key for epidemiological monitoring of malaria transmission and evaluation of vector control strategies targeting mosquito longevity, as the risk of pathogen transmission increases with mosquito age. However, the available tools to estimate field mosquito age are often approximate and time-consuming. Here, we show a rapid method that combines matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry with deep learning for mosquito age prediction. Using 2763 mass spectra from the head, legs, and thorax of 251 field-collected Anopheles arabiensis mosquitoes, we developed deep learning models that achieved a best mean absolute error of 1.74 days. We also demonstrate consistent performance at two ecological sites in Senegal, supported by age-related protein changes. Our approach is promising for malaria control and the field of vector biology, benefiting other disease vectors like Aedes mosquitoes.


Asunto(s)
Anopheles , Aprendizaje Profundo , Mosquitos Vectores , Animales , Anopheles/fisiología , Mosquitos Vectores/fisiología , Malaria/transmisión , Malaria/prevención & control , Espectrometría de Masa por Láser de Matriz Asistida de Ionización Desorción/métodos , Senegal , Espectrometría de Masas/métodos , Envejecimiento/fisiología
11.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1354538, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716242

RESUMEN

Background: People are living longer but an increasing number of older people experience chronicity and disability in the latest years of their life. The Marche region is one of the Italian regions where people live the longest lives; therefore, the number of people with age-related chronic diseases is expected to be at least similar, if not higher, compared to the rest of Italy. The identification of the aging trajectories is of huge interest in the arena of public health. Administrative healthcare databases represent valuable reservoirs for reconstructing the trajectories of aging. Here, we present the protocol for a study (TREND project) aimed to integrate existing administrative databases into a Marche regional dataset in order to estimate the prevalence and incidence rates of age-related neurodegenerative diseases (ND), with a specific focus on Parkinsonism and Dementia. Methods: The TREND Project is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The source population includes permanent residents in the Marche region aged 40 years and older. A minimal dataset has been built up linking data on drug prescriptions, outpatient services, and diagnosis for hospital admission, from 2014 to 2021 in the Marche Region. Data on clinical outcomes (re-hospitalization, mortality, comorbidities), and therapeutic approaches (drugs and medicines) have been integrated with state-of-the-art statistical methods to define patients into different risk clusters and to analyze the aging trend by assessing the Comorbidity Index (CI) as a proxy for chronicity. Discussion: Our research contributes to the integration of existing administrative databases on ND to create a Marche regional ND database, support regional health policy, and better understand patients' needs and their aging trajectories. This approach could be implemented also at the National level. Moreover, by linking different administrative data sources, this study sheds light on important issues related to ND, such as early-onset dementia; ethical aspects such as anticipated wills; problems of dementia in patients still in the job market, etc. The results of this study will contribute to the successful implementation of integrated care for patients affected by ND at regional or national levels.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Bases de Datos Factuales , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas/epidemiología , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedad Crónica/epidemiología , Masculino , Adulto , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Prevalencia , Incidencia , Demencia/epidemiología
12.
Viral Immunol ; 37(4): 202-215, 2024 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717822

RESUMEN

HIV-infected (HIV+) aging adult individuals who have achieved undetectable viral load and improved CD4 T cell counts due to long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) may continue to experience inflammation and immunosenescence. Therefore, we evaluated the plasma levels of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in 173 HIV+ aging adult individuals with age ranging from 22 to 81 years on long-term ART with viral load mostly <20 HIV RNA copies/mL and compared with 92 HIV-uninfected (HIV- or healthy controls) aging individuals. We found that the median levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 were higher (p < 0.001 to <0.0001) and IL-17 trended lower in HIV+ individuals than healthy controls. Increasing CD4 T cell counts in the HIV+ cohort did not significantly change the circulating cytokine levels, although levels of IL-1ß increased. However, IL-17 levels significantly decreased with increasing CD4 counts in the healthy controls and yet unchanged in the HIV+ cohort. Of note, the levels of circulating IL-17 were significantly reduced comparatively in the healthy controls where the CD4 count was below 500, yet once above 500 the levels of CD4, IL-17 levels were comparable with the HIV+ cohort. With increasing CD8 T cell counts, the levels of these cytokines were not significantly altered, although levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-6 declined, whereas IL-1ß and IL-17 were slightly elevated. Furthermore, increasing age of the HIV+ cohort did not significantly impact the cytokine levels although a slight increase in TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-17 was observed. Similarly, these cytokines were not significantly modulated with increasing levels of undetectable viral loads, whereas some of the HIV+ individuals had higher levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-1ß. In summary, our findings show that HIV+ aging adult individuals with undetectable viral load and restored CD4 T cell counts due to long-term ART still produce higher levels of both proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines compared with healthy controls, suggesting some level of inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Citocinas , Infecciones por VIH , Carga Viral , Humanos , Infecciones por VIH/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por VIH/sangre , Infecciones por VIH/inmunología , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Citocinas/sangre , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Recuento de Linfocito CD4 , Adulto Joven , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antirretrovirales/uso terapéutico
13.
J Physiol Sci ; 74(1): 29, 2024 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730366

RESUMEN

L-Ascorbic acid, commonly known as vitamin C, has been used not only for disease prevention and in complementary and alternative medicine, but also for anti-aging purposes. However, the scientific evidence is not yet sufficient. Here, we review the physiological functions of vitamin C and its relationship with various pathological conditions, including our previous findings, and discuss the prospects of its application in healthy longevity. In summary, vitamin C levels are associated with lifespan in several animal models. Furthermore, clinical studies have shown that the blood vitamin C levels are lower in middle-aged and older adults than in younger adults. Lower blood vitamin C levels have also been observed in various pathological conditions such as chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the elderly. These observations suggest the implications of vitamin C in age-related pathological mechanisms owing to its physiological functions.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Ácido Ascórbico , Humanos , Envejecimiento/fisiología , Animales , Longevidad/fisiología , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/fisiopatología , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/metabolismo , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/fisiopatología , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/metabolismo
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731881

RESUMEN

Aging and age-related diseases are associated with a decline in the capacity of protein turnover. Intrinsically disordered proteins, as well as proteins misfolded and oxidatively damaged, prone to aggregation, are preferentially digested by the ubiquitin-independent proteasome system (UIPS), a major component of which is the 20S proteasome. Therefore, boosting 20S activity constitutes a promising strategy to counteract a decrease in total proteasome activity during aging. One way to enhance the proteolytic removal of unwanted proteins appears to be the use of peptide-based activators of the 20S. In this study, we synthesized a series of peptides and peptidomimetics based on the C-terminus of the Rpt5 subunit of the 19S regulatory particle. Some of them efficiently stimulated human 20S proteasome activity. The attachment of the cell-penetrating peptide TAT allowed them to penetrate the cell membrane and stimulate proteasome activity in HEK293T cells, which was demonstrated using a cell-permeable substrate of the proteasome, TAS3. Furthermore, the best activator enhanced the degradation of aggregation-prone α-synuclein and Tau-441. The obtained compounds may therefore have the potential to compensate for the unbalanced proteostasis found in aging and age-related diseases.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Complejo de la Endopetidasa Proteasomal , Humanos , Complejo de la Endopetidasa Proteasomal/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Envejecimiento/metabolismo , Agregado de Proteínas/efectos de los fármacos , Proteolisis/efectos de los fármacos , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Péptidos/farmacología , Péptidos/química , Péptidos/metabolismo , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Agregación Patológica de Proteínas/metabolismo , Peptidomiméticos/farmacología , Peptidomiméticos/química
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731887

RESUMEN

This study explores olive flounder by-product Prozyme2000P (OFBP) hydrolysate as a potential treatment for age-related kidney decline. Ferroptosis, a form of cell death linked to iron overload and oxidative stress, is increasingly implicated in aging kidneys. We investigated whether OFBP could inhibit ferroptosis and improve kidney health. Using TCMK-1 cells, we found that OFBP treatment protected cells from ferroptosis induced by sodium iodate (SI). OFBP also preserved the mitochondria health and influenced molecules involved in ferroptosis regulation. In aging mice, oral administration of OFBP significantly improved kidney health markers. Microscopic examination revealed reduced thickening and scarring in the kidney's filtering units, a hallmark of aging. These findings suggest that OFBP hydrolysate may be a promising therapeutic candidate for age-related kidney decline. By inhibiting ferroptosis, OFBP treatment appears to improve both cellular and structural markers of kidney health. Further research is needed to understand how OFBP works fully and test its effectiveness in more complex models.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Riñón , Animales , Ferroptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones , Riñón/efectos de los fármacos , Riñón/metabolismo , Riñón/patología , Envejecimiento/efectos de los fármacos , Lenguado/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo/efectos de los fármacos , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacología , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Mitocondrias/efectos de los fármacos , Mitocondrias/metabolismo , Masculino , Línea Celular , Enfermedades Renales/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Renales/metabolismo , Enfermedades Renales/patología
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731898

RESUMEN

The decline in female fecundity is linked to advancing chronological age. The ovarian reserve diminishes in quantity and quality as women age, impacting reproductive efficiency and the aging process in the rest of the body. NAD+ is an essential coenzyme in cellular energy production, metabolism, cell signaling, and survival. It is involved in aging and is linked to various age-related conditions. Hallmarks associated with aging, diseases, and metabolic dysfunctions can significantly affect fertility by disturbing the delicate relationship between energy metabolism and female reproduction. Enzymes such as sirtuins, PARPs, and CD38 play essential roles in NAD+ biology, which actively consume NAD+ in their enzymatic activities. In recent years, NAD+ has gained much attention for its role in aging and age-related diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegenerative disorders, highlighting its involvement in various pathophysiological processes. However, its impact on female reproduction is not well understood. This review aims to bridge this knowledge gap by comprehensively exploring the complex interplay between NAD+ biology and female reproductive aging and providing valuable information that could help develop plans to improve women's reproductive health and prevent fertility issues.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , NAD , Ovario , Humanos , Femenino , NAD/metabolismo , Envejecimiento/metabolismo , Envejecimiento/fisiología , Ovario/metabolismo , Animales , Sirtuinas/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Fertilidad/fisiología , Reproducción/fisiología
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732023

RESUMEN

The gradual loss of kidney function due to increasing age is accompanied by structural changes such as fibrosis of the tissue. The underlying molecular mechanisms are complex, but not yet fully understood. Non-fibrillar collagen type VIII (COL8) could be a potential factor in the fibrosis processes of the aging kidney. A pathophysiological significance of COL8 has already been demonstrated in the context of diabetic kidney disease, with studies showing that it directly influences both the development and progression of renal fibrosis occurring. The aim of this study was to investigate whether COL8 impacts age-related micro-anatomical and functional changes in a mouse model. The kidneys of wild-type (Col8-wt) and COL8-knockout (Col8-ko) mice of different age and sex were characterized with regard to the expression of molecular fibrosis markers, the development of nephrosclerosis and renal function. The age-dependent regulation of COL8 mRNA expression in the wild-type revealed sex-dependent effects that were not observed with collagen IV (COL4). Histochemical staining and protein analysis of profibrotic cytokines TGF-ß1 (transforming growth factor) and CTGF (connective tissue growth factor) in mouse kidneys showed significant age effects as well as interactions of the factors age, sex and Col8 genotype. There were also significant age and Col8 genotype effects in the renal function data analyzed by urinary cystatin C. In summary, the present study shows, for the first time, that COL8 is regulated in an age- and sex-dependent manner in the mouse kidney and that the expression of COL8 influences the severity of age-induced renal fibrosis and function.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Colágeno Tipo VIII , Factor de Crecimiento del Tejido Conjuntivo , Fibrosis , Riñón , Ratones Noqueados , Animales , Ratones , Envejecimiento/metabolismo , Riñón/metabolismo , Riñón/patología , Masculino , Factor de Crecimiento del Tejido Conjuntivo/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento del Tejido Conjuntivo/genética , Femenino , Colágeno Tipo VIII/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo VIII/genética , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento Transformador beta1/genética , Ratones Endogámicos C57BL
18.
Food Res Int ; 186: 114324, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729692

RESUMEN

The growth of the elderly population worldwide is posing significant challenges to human society. The progressive physical and physiological changes occur with aging, including decreased appetite, incomplete digestion, and reduced absorption of nutrients. A common feature of many elderly people's diets is a deficiency in proteins (especially easily digestible ones) and micronutrients (e.g., vitamins, zinc, iron, and calcium). One of the solutions to this problem is the incorporation of these components into suitably texture-modified foods. There is a dearth of products that meet the needs of the elderly with special medical/health conditions such as dysphagia, osteoporosis, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, as well as those who are in hospital and palliative care. Future research and development of foods for the elderly must address specific dietary needs of different subgroups of elderly people with underlying health conditions. The existence of different physical and physiological stages of the elderly means that their specific dietary requirements must be considered. This review summarizes current knowledge on nutritional requirements including those with underlying health problems and outlines the research and innovation pathways for developing new foods considering nutrition, texture, flavor, and other sensory aspects.


Asunto(s)
Necesidades Nutricionales , Humanos , Anciano , Envejecimiento/fisiología , Valor Nutritivo , Dieta , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Fenómenos Fisiológicos Nutricionales del Anciano/fisiología , Estado Nutricional , Micronutrientes
19.
Lancet Healthy Longev ; 5(5): e356-e369, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705153

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Social health markers, including marital status, contact frequency, network size, and social support, have been shown to be associated with cognition. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain poorly understood. We investigated whether depressive symptoms and inflammation mediated associations between social health and subsequent cognition. METHODS: In the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a nationally representative longitudinal study in England, UK, we sampled 7136 individuals aged 50 years or older living in private households without dementia at baseline or at the intermediate mediator assessment timepoint, who had recorded information on at least one social health marker and potential mediator. We used four-way decomposition to examine to what extent depressive symptoms, C-reactive protein, and fibrinogen mediated associations between social health and subsequent standardised cognition (verbal fluency and delayed and immediate recall), including cognitive change, with slopes derived from multilevel models (12-year slope). We examined whether findings were replicated in the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K), a population-based longitudinal study in Sweden, in a sample of 2604 individuals aged 60 years or older living at home or in institutions in Kungsholmen (central Stockholm) without dementia at baseline or at the intermediate mediator assessment timepoint (6-year slope). Social health exposures were assessed at baseline, potential mediators were assessed at an intermediate timepoint (wave 2 in ELSA and 6-year follow-up in SNAC-K); cognitive outcomes were assessed at a single timepoint (wave 3 in ELSA and 12-year follow-up in SNAC-K), and cognitive change (between waves 3 and 9 in ELSA and between 6-year and 12-year follow-ups in SNAC-K). FINDINGS: The study sample included 7136 participants from ELSA, of whom 3962 (55·5%) were women and 6934 (97·2%) were White; the mean baseline age was 63·8 years (SD 9·4). Replication analyses included 2604 participants from SNAC-K, of whom 1604 (61·6%) were women (SNAC-K did not collect ethnicity data); the mean baseline age was 72·3 years (SD 10·1). In ELSA, we found indirect effects via depressive symptoms of network size, positive support, and less negative support on subsequent verbal fluency, and of positive support on subsequent immediate recall (pure indirect effect [PIE] 0·002 [95% CI 0·001-0·003]). Depressive symptoms also partially mediated associations between less negative support and slower decline in immediate recall (PIE 0·001 [0·000-0·002]) and in delayed recall (PIE 0·001 [0·000-0·002]), and between positive support and slower decline in immediate recall (PIE 0·001 [0·000-0·001]). We did not observe mediation by inflammatory biomarkers. Findings of mediation by depressive symptoms in the association between positive support and verbal fluency and between positive support and change in immediate recall were replicated in SNAC-K. INTERPRETATION: The findings of this study provide new insights into mechanisms linking social health with cognition, suggesting that associations between interactional aspects of social health, especially social support, and cognition are partly underpinned by depressive symptoms. FUNDING: EU Joint Programme-Neurodegenerative Disease Research (JPND) and Alzheimer's Society. TRANSLATION: For the Swedish translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Cognición , Depresión , Humanos , Femenino , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/sangre , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Cognición/fisiología , Biomarcadores/sangre , Inflamación/sangre , Inflamación/epidemiología , Inglaterra/epidemiología , Envejecimiento/psicología , Envejecimiento/inmunología , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Suecia/epidemiología , Apoyo Social
20.
Acta Neuropathol ; 147(1): 82, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722375

RESUMEN

Aging affects all cell types in the CNS and plays an important role in CNS diseases. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms driving these age-associated changes and their contribution to diseases are only poorly understood. The white matter in the aging brain as well as in diseases, such as Multiple sclerosis is characterized by subtle abnormalities in myelin sheaths and paranodes, suggesting that oligodendrocytes, the myelin-maintaining cells of the CNS, lose the capacity to preserve a proper myelin structure and potentially function in age and certain diseases. Here, we made use of directly converted oligodendrocytes (dchiOL) from young, adult and old human donors to study age-associated changes. dchiOL from all three age groups differentiated in an comparable manner into O4 + immature oligodendrocytes, but the proportion of MBP + mature dchiOL decreased with increasing donor age. This was associated with an increased ROS production and upregulation of cellular senescence markers such as CDKN1A, CDKN2A in old dchiOL. Comparison of the transcriptomic profiles of dchiOL from adult and old donors revealed 1324 differentially regulated genes with limited overlap with transcriptomic profiles of the donors' fibroblasts or published data sets from directly converted human neurons or primary rodent oligodendroglial lineage cells. Methylome analyses of dchiOL and human white matter tissue samples demonstrate that chronological and epigenetic age correlate in CNS white matter as well as in dchiOL and resulted in the identification of an age-specific epigenetic signature. Furthermore, we observed an accelerated epigenetic aging of the myelinated, normal appearing white matter of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients compared to healthy individuals. Impaired differentiation and upregulation of cellular senescence markers could be induced in young dchiOL in vitro using supernatants from pro-inflammatory microglia. In summary, our data suggest that physiological aging as well as inflammation-induced cellular senescence contribute to oligodendroglial pathology in inflammatory demyelinating diseases such as MS.


Asunto(s)
Envejecimiento , Senescencia Celular , Esclerosis Múltiple , Oligodendroglía , Humanos , Oligodendroglía/patología , Oligodendroglía/metabolismo , Senescencia Celular/fisiología , Envejecimiento/patología , Esclerosis Múltiple/patología , Esclerosis Múltiple/metabolismo , Adulto , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Inflamación/patología , Inflamación/metabolismo , Sustancia Blanca/patología , Inhibidor p16 de la Quinasa Dependiente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Inhibidor p21 de las Quinasas Dependientes de la Ciclina
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...