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1.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 51(1): 24-27, 2021 Jan 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794580

RESUMEN

Bencao Tujing(, Illustration Classics for Materia Medica) occupies an irreplaceable academic position in the academic history of Chinese Materia Medica. It was written in the early Song Dynasty. The contents of Chinese medical books before Song Dynasty have not been revised by Song Dynasty officials, and the original appearance of earlier documents have been preserved. Domestic and foreign scholars mainly focus on the textual research of Chinese Materia medica patterns, and academic value research. The special research on the Lost ancient Chinese medical books were relatively rare. According to the names of"XX Fang"or"Someone Fang"in Bencao Tujing, about 46 kinds of Lost ancient Chinese medical books have been found. Taking Wei Zhou's Du Xing Fang, Liu Yuxi's Chuan Xin Fang, Tian Bao Dan Fang Tu (Tian Bao Dan Xing Fang) as examples, it is found that Lost ancient Chinese medical books recorded in Bencao Tujing have abundant materials and clear clues, which have further exploration space for the research and collection of Chinese medical books.


Asunto(s)
Materia Medica , Medicina China Tradicional , Libros , China , Escritura
3.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 43: 101374, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826992

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The benefits of written expressive disclosure (WED) to health are documented in a variety of healthy and clinical populations. This study investigates the effect of WED on health-related outcomes in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Adults (N = 189) meeting Rome III criteria for IBS were randomly assigned to write about their: (1) deepest thoughts and feelings about the most stressful life event of the past five years (n = 67), (2) deepest thoughts and feelings about their IBS (n = 61) or (3) daily activities in an objective manner (control condition; n = 61). Participants completed four 20-min writing sessions over 2-6 weeks. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, healthcare utilization, health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), pain catastrophizing, and pain self-efficacy were assessed at baseline, one month post-writing completion, and three months post-writing completion. RESULTS: A significant group (combined WED vs. control) X time interaction was detected for healthcare utilization, F(1,147) = 6.16, p = 0.014, η2 = 0.04. Specifically, number of GI-related medical appointments significantly increased from baseline to 3-month follow-up in the control group, while no significant change was observed in the combined WED group. Among the WED group, individuals assigned to write about their IBS experienced greater improvements in pain self-efficacy than those assigned to write about a life stressor, F(1,92) = 3.89, p = 0.024, η2 = 0.08. GI symptom severity, HR-QOL, and pain catastrophizing improved significantly across groups over time, with no significant between-group differences. CONCLUSION: Writing about one's deepest thoughts and feelings about IBS may increase pain self-efficacy and reduce healthcare utilization compared to control writing in adults with IBS.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome del Colon Irritable , Adulto , Revelación , Emociones , Humanos , Síndrome del Colon Irritable/terapia , Calidad de Vida , Escritura
4.
5.
Ann Afr Med ; 20(1): 46-51, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727512

RESUMEN

Background: Like many other academic programs, medical education is incomplete without a robust assessment plan. Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of longitudinal faculty development program (FDP) on the examination item quality (EIQ) from a cohort of medical college faculty members. Methods: Item analysis (IA) of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) from a cohort of medical tutors over a 3-year period (2017 [S1], 2018 [S2], and 2019 [S3]) before and following once-per-week FDP was conducted. The questions were from three randomly selected courses: man and his environment (MEV) from phase 1, central nervous system (CNS) from phase 2, and internal medicine (MED) from phase 3. Data assessed were 480 MCQs from the final exams in the courses. The parameters considered in IA were the difficulty index, index of discrimination, nonfunctional distractors (NFDs), distractor efficiency for each question item, and Cronbach's alpha (CA) for the test as a whole. Comparison over the 3 years was made using Fisher's exact test and repeated-measures ANOVA with Bonferroni test as post hoc test. Results: Overall, out of 480 MCQs, 272 had no NFD (52 [19.52%], 104 [38.24%], and 116 [42.65%] in 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively) with a significant difference between S3, S2, and S1 (P < 0.0001). The mean CA for the exams in S1, S2, and S3, respectively, were 0.51, 0.77, and 0.84, P < 0.0001. Conclusion: There was an improvement in EIQ following the implementation of longitudinal FDP. Thus, the need for active training and retraining of the faculty for a better EIQ cannot be overemphasized.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/métodos , Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Docentes Médicos/educación , Desarrollo de Programa , Escritura/normas , Adulto , Conducta de Elección , Educación Médica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Arabia Saudita , Desarrollo de Personal
7.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247981, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684148

RESUMEN

Stance markers are critical linguistic devices for writers to convey their personal attitudes, judgments or assessments about the proposition of certain messages. Following Hyland's framework of stance, this study investigated the distribution of stance markers in two different genres: medical research articles (medical RA) and newspaper opinion columns (newspaper OC). The corpus constructed for the investigation includes 52 medical research articles and 175 newspaper opinion articles, which were both written in English and published from January to April in 2020 with the topic focusing on COVID-19. The findings of this study demonstrated that the occurrences of stance markers in newspaper OC were far more frequent than those in medical RA, indicating the different conventions of these two genres. Despite the significant difference in the occurrences of stance markers between the two sub-corpora, similarities of the most frequent stance markers in two genres were also highlighted. The study indicated that the topic content seems to play an important role in shaping the way of how writers construct their stance. The lack of information or evidence on the topic of COVID-19 could restrain writers from making high degree of commitment to their claims, which make them adopt a more tentative stance to qualify their statements.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Investigación Biomédica , Lingüística , Periódicos como Asunto , Escritura , Humanos
11.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 275-282, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149245

RESUMEN

RESUMEN El presente documento propone un modelo de producción crítica-argumentativa para la formación inicial del área de la salud, centrando el proceso de escritura en la participación de los estudiantes como autores y en la redistribución de roles durante el trayecto de producción. El objetivo es mostrar una aproximación a la escritura argumentativa desde cuatro principios propios del marco de la justicia educativa: deliberación, participación, representación autoral y redistribución de roles.


ABSTRACT This document proposes a critical-argumentative production model for initial training in the health area, focusing the writing process on the participation of students as authors and on the redistribution of roles during the production stage. The objective is to show an approach to argumentative writing from four principles of the framework of educational justice: deliberation, participation, author representation and role redistribution.


Asunto(s)
Escritura , Justicia
12.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 42(2): 69-73, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600126

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim of the study was to better understand the scholarship requirements and support for nursing faculty as they work to advance their scholarship and careers. BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty are often required to participate in teaching, service, and scholarship. New faculty often struggle with the scholarship component. METHOD: A nationwide Delphi study was conducted, surveying deans and/or associate deans for research at master's and doctoral degree-granting institutions. RESULTS: Scholarly requirements provided for faculty to enable development of scholarship were well defined: having a dedicated leader; funding support; a culture of scholarship; publications, presentations, and grant writing expectations; formal programs; mentors; and support. CONCLUSION: This study provided a beginning understanding of important aspects of faculty support for scholarship and career development. More information is needed to determine if the support structures and activities described reach faculty and enhance career development.


Asunto(s)
Docentes de Enfermería , Mentores , Técnica Delfos , Becas , Humanos , Escritura
13.
Plast Surg Nurs ; 41(1): 27-33, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626559

RESUMEN

The readability of letters sent to patients plays a pivotal role in facilitating joint decision making and positive health outcomes. Guidance suggests that all correspondence should be directed to patients. Covid-19 led to an increase in direct-to-patient communication. This study aims to determine the quantity and quality of plastic surgery clinic letters sent to patients before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. A total of 127 pre-Covid clinic letters from November to December 2019 and 103 peri-Covid clinic letters from April to May 2020 were identified and assessed for readability. Text was analyzed using a standardized set of commonly used readability formulae, including SMOG, Flesch Reading Ease, and the Coleman-Liao Index. A total of 100 pre-Covid and 58 peri-Covid letters were suitable for inclusion. Median results for formulae that output a U.S. grade score ranged between 9 and 12.9 for letters written prior to Covid-19 and 9 and 13.2 for those written during Covid-19. Eight percent of letters were sent to patients pre-Covid, increasing to 28% during the pandemic. Letters sent to patients had a median grade score of between 8 and 12 prior to Covid-19 and 8 and 10.6 during Covid-19. Letters sent to clinicians ranged between 9 and 13 and 9 and 13.3, respectively. Outpatient plastic surgery letters are written at a readability level too high to facilitate understanding among the general population. The increase in direct-to-patient contact during the Covid-19 outbreak has not led to a significant improvement in the readability of clinic letters. The authors suggest an increase in letter standardization and raising awareness of readability when writing clinic letters.


Asunto(s)
Comprensión , Correspondencia como Asunto , Alfabetización en Salud , Participación del Paciente/métodos , Relaciones Profesional-Paciente , Cirugía Plástica/normas , Escritura/normas , Atención Ambulatoria/métodos , Atención Ambulatoria/normas , Humanos , Reino Unido
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24109, 2021 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466181

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: To introduce a limbus-centered continuous circular capsulorhexis (CCC) marking technique.Compared with traditional capsulotomy diameter mark technique, a self-designed limbus-centered capsulotomy mark (LCM) was used to perform the routine cataract surgery in this observational study. Ten eyes were included in each group. The area outer/inner 5.5-mm CCC ring, the furthest/nearest distance from the capsule margin to the intraocular lens (IOL) margin, the CCC total coverage IOL area were measured and compared between this 2 groups.No significant differences were found for all the comparison parameters between the 2 groups (all P > .05). However, the capsule total coverage area, area inner 5.5-mm ring was lower in the LCM group, which demonstrated advantage of LCM.The limbus-centered capsulotomy diameter mark, as an inexpensive and convenient method, helps to perform limbus-centered capsulorhexis with not only a 360° overlapping capsular edge but also well-centered IOL optics.


Asunto(s)
Capsulorrexis/métodos , Limbo de la Córnea/cirugía , Escritura/normas , China , Humanos , Facoemulsificación/métodos
17.
Nature ; 589(7842): 360-361, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33473221

Asunto(s)
Memoria , Lectura , Escritura
19.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244016, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326489

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Based on a national survey of program directors we developed a letter of recommendation (LOR) scoring rubric (SR) to assess LORs submitted to a pediatric residency program. The objective was to use the SR to analyze: the consistency of LOR ratings across raters and LOR components that contributed to impression of the LOR and candidate. METHODS: We graded 30 LORs submitted to a pediatric residency program that were evenly distributed based on final rank by our program. The SR contained 3 sections (letter features, phrases, and applicant abilities) and 2 questions about the quality of the LOR (LORQ) and impression of the candidate (IC) after reading the LOR on a 5-point Likert scale. Inter-rater reliability was calculated with intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC(2,1)). Pearson (r) correlations and stepwise multivariate linear regression modeling predicted LORQ and IC. Mean scores of phrases, features, and applicant abilities were analyzed with ANOVA and Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: Phrases (ICC(2,1) = 0.82, p<0.001)) and features (ICC(2,1) = 0.60, p<0.001)) were rated consistently, while applicant abilities were not (ICC(2,1) = 0.28, p<0.001)). For features, LORQ (R2 = 0.75, p<0.001) and IC (R2 = 0.58, p<0.001) were best predicated by: writing about candidates' abilities, strength of recommendation, and depth of interaction with the applicant. For abilities, LORQ (R2 = 0.47, p<0.001) and IC (R2 = 0.51, p<0.001) were best predicted by: clinical reasoning, leadership, and communication skills (0.2). There were significant differences for phrases and features (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The SR was consistent across raters and correlates with impression of LORQ and IC. This rubric has potential as a faculty development tool for writing LORS.


Asunto(s)
Correspondencia como Asunto , Docentes/normas , Internado y Residencia/normas , Solicitud de Empleo , Revisión por Pares/métodos , Escritura/normas , Movilidad Laboral , Evaluación del Rendimiento de Empleados/métodos , Evaluación del Rendimiento de Empleados/normas , Humanos , Pediatras/educación , Pediatras/normas , Revisión por Pares/normas
20.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243973, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370337

RESUMEN

Grant writing is an essential skill to develop for academic and other career success but providing individual feedback to large numbers of trainees is challenging. In 2014, we launched the Stanford Biosciences Grant Writing Academy to support graduate students and postdocs in writing research proposals. Its core program is a multi-week Proposal Bootcamp designed to increase the feedback writers receive as they develop and refine their proposals. The Proposal Bootcamp consisted of two-hour weekly meetings that included mini lectures and peer review. Bootcamp participants also attended faculty review workshops to obtain faculty feedback. Postdoctoral trainees were trained and hired as course teaching assistants and facilitated weekly meetings and review workshops. Over the last six years, the annual Bootcamp has provided 525 doctoral students and postdocs with multi-level feedback (peer and faculty). Proposals from Bootcamp participants were almost twice as likely to be funded than proposals from non-Bootcamp trainees. Overall, this structured program provided opportunities for feedback from multiple peer and faculty reviewers, increased the participants' confidence in developing and submitting research proposals, while accommodating a large number of participants.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/educación , Organización de la Financiación , Escritura , Adulto , Educación Continua/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tutoría/métodos , Revisión por Pares , Autoeficacia
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