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J Allied Health ; 52(1): 1, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36892853


Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to help authors improve the preparation and quality of their manuscripts are increasing rapidly in number and sophistication, including tools to assist with writing, grammar, language, references, statistical analysis, and reporting standards. The release of ChatGPT, a new open source, natural language processing tool that is designed to simulate human conversation in response to prompts or questions, has prompted both excitement and concerns about potential misuse.

Inteligencia Artificial , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Humanos , Escritura , Comunicación
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 35(3): 171-172, 2023 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36883931

Edición , Escritura , Humanos
J Acoust Soc Am ; 153(2): 761, 2023 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36859129


For over 50 years, Richard R. (Dick) Fay made major contributions to our understanding of vertebrate hearing. Much of Dick's work focused on hearing in fishes and, particularly, goldfish, as well as a few other species, in a substantial body of work on sound localization mechanisms. However, Dick's focus was always on using his studies to try and understand bigger issues of vertebrate hearing and its evolution. This article is slightly adapted from an article that Dick wrote in 2010 on the closure of the Parmly Hearing Institute at Loyola University Chicago. Except for small modifications and minor updates, the words and ideas herein are those of Dick.

Audición , Localización de Sonidos , Escritura
Front Public Health ; 11: 1069476, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36875414


Introduction: Epidemiologic and public health interest in structural racism has grown dramatically, producing both increasingly sophisticated questions, methods, and findings, coupled with concerns of atheoretical and ahistorical approaches that often leave the actual production of health or disease ambiguous. This trajectory raises concerns as investigators adopt the term "structural racism" without engaging with theories and scholars with a long history in this area. This scoping review aims to build upon recent work by identifying current themes about the incorporation of structural racism into (social) epidemiologic research and practice with respect to theory, measurement, and practices and methods for trainees and public health researchers who are not already deeply grounded in this work. Methods: This review uses methodological framework and includes peer-review articles written in English published between January 2000-August 2022. Results: A search of Google Scholar, manual collection, and referenced lists identified a total of 235 articles; 138 met the inclusion criteria after duplicates were removed. Results were extracted by, and organized into, three broad sections: theory, construct measurement, and study practice and methods, with several themes summarized in each section. Discussion: This review concludes with a summary of recommendations derived from our scoping review and a call to action echoing previous literature to resist an uncritical and superficial adoption of "structural racism" without attention to already existing scholarship and recommendations put forth by experts in the field.

Racismo , Humanos , Salud Pública , Investigadores , Escritura
Perspect Med Educ ; 12(1): 20-24, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36908742


Most of us pay attention to intra-paragraph coherence: the idea that the sentences within a paragraph should logically develop a single idea. But we forget, or we struggle to master inter-paragraph coherence: the idea that paragraphs should be arranged so that our argument develops logically. Proximity isn't always enough to signal to readers how paragraphs are building on one another to create a compelling argument. Readers may still end up having to infer how one paragraph is linked to the next, and when they can't make those inferences (or they make them incorrectly) coherence suffers. This Writer's Craft offers techniques to enhance inter-paragraph coherence more consciously so that readers don't fall through the cracks between our paragraphs.

Lenguaje , Escritura
Int J Older People Nurs ; 18(2): e12531, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36898973

Arte , Escritura , Humanos
Mol Biol Cell ; 34(4): rt2, 2023 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36913319


This retrospective on the 25th anniversary of the publication of the first structure of tubulin is shaped by my own personal experiences rather than being a strict and complete historical account of the event. It is a reflection on how working in science felt many years ago, on the struggles and the joys of reaching for the high-hanging fruit, and, ultimately, on how relevant or not our personal scientific contributions are to the broader scientific community. Writing it brought back memories of my unique and sadly lost postdoctoral advisor Ken Downing, who dreamt of this structure and brought it to fruition against all odds.

Tubulina (Proteína) , Escritura , Historia del Siglo XX , Estudios Retrospectivos
Res Dev Disabil ; 135: 104466, 2023 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36863156


This article reports the first group-based intervention study in the UK of using speech to-text (STT) technology to improve the writing of children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). Over a period of five years, thirty children took part in total from three settings; a mainstream school, a special school and a special unit of a different mainstream school. All children had Education, Health and Care Plans because of their difficulties in spoken and written communication. Children were trained to use the Dragon STT system, and used it on set tasks for 16-18 weeks. Handwritten text and self-esteem were assessed before and after the intervention, and screen-written text at the end. The results showed that this approach had boosted the quantity and quality of handwritten text, with post-test screen-written text significantly better than handwritten at post-test. The self-esteem instrument also showed positive and statistically significant results. The findings support the feasibility of using STT to support children with writing difficulties. All the data were gathered before the Covid-19 pandemic; the implications of this, and of the innovative research design, are discussed.

COVID-19 , Personas con Discapacidad , Niño , Humanos , Habla , Pandemias , Escritura
Am J Nurs ; 123(3): 52-55, 2023 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36815821


Nurses at all levels may be asked to write a letter of recommendation to support colleagues' and students' career and academic advancement. This article outlines key steps and considerations in the letter-writing process.

Estudiantes , Escritura , Humanos
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 24(3): 221-222, 2023 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36790197

Mentores , Escritura , Humanos
Neurosurgery ; 92(3): 439-440, 2023 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36790210
J Commun Disord ; 102: 106303, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36736202


PURPOSE: The goal of the current study was to examine the role of variety and frequency of dialectal features in relation to General American English (GAE) editing ability. This study focused on speakers of dialect-specific forms and their ability to edit to GAE. To gain insight into this relation, the following research questions were posed: (1). How do third and fifth-grade students differ in the variety of features of dialect-specific forms they use, the frequency of their use, and their editing ability to GAE? (2). Is there a significant relation between dialect use and editing ability? METHODS: Participants included 68 third and fifth-grade students who produced at least one dialect-specific form. We measured students' ability to edit to GAE during a written editing task. Frequency and variety of dialect use were based on an oral language sample where students were asked to share their favorite game or sport. RESULTS: Fifth-grade students are significantly better at editing written dialect specific forms to reflect GAE writing conventions as compared to third-grade students. However, there was not a significant difference in the dialect specific form usage between the two grades. Finally, there was not a significant relation between dialect specific form use and editing ability. CONCLUSIONS: These results offer relevant clinical and educational implications for increasing cultural responsivity and promote the use of multiple measures across modalities to gain relevant information when assessing students who use dialect specific forms. Further, the results from this study provide further insights into how written editing ability exhibited through the awareness of GAE conventions improves with age despite the influence of dialect specific forms.

Lenguaje , Escritura , Niño , Humanos , Lenguaje Infantil , Estudiantes
Biomater Adv ; 147: 213318, 2023 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36746100


Currently, the lack of bioinks and long printing time limits the further development of biofabrication. Here we report a novel biocompatible, multi-functional and tough 3D printable hydrogel via visible light photocrosslinking of polyvinyl alcohol bearing styrylpyridinium group (PVA-SbQ). The high-resolution PVA-SbQ hydrogels with different designed shapes can be generated via laser direct-writing in 30 s without extra toxic crosslinkers or photoinitiators, and demonstrates excellent biocompatibility. The rapid laser direct-writing technology also results in a super-strong, tough hydrogel with excellent adhesive, swelling, self-healing, and photo-tunable properties due to the photodimerization of styrylpyridinium (SbQ) groups and the left-over massive amount of free hydroxyl groups in the hydrogel. For example, the maximum tensile strength, elongation, compressive strength adhesive strength of printed PVA-SbQ hydrogels can reach 1.0 MPa, 810 %, 33 MPa, 31 kPa, and 25,000 % respectively. And these properties can be adjusted by controlling the parameters for laser direct-writing. In addition, the introduced nitrogen cations by SbQ groups further endow hydrogels with the potential to develop novel functionality, which is demonstrated by integrating negatively charged nanocelluloses in the PVA-SbQ system to develop underwater adhesives, anti-freezing (-24.9 °C), and anti-bacterial hydrogels. This discovery opens multiple doors for developing PVA-SbQ based multi-functional hydrogel for various applications including biofabrication and tissue engineering.

Materiales Biocompatibles , Hidrogeles , Resistencia a la Tracción , Luz , Escritura , Adhesivos
Prog Biophys Mol Biol ; 178: 50-56, 2023 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36736433


The molecular mechanisms that govern biological evolution have not been fully elucidated so far. Recent studies indicate that regulatory proteins, acting as decision-making complex devices, can accelerate or retard the evolution of cells. Such biochemically controlled evolution may be considered as an optimization process of logical nature aimed at developing fitter species that can better survive in a specific environment. Therefore, we may assume that new genetic information can be stored in the cell memory (i.e., genome) by a sophisticated biomolecular process that resembles writing in computer memory. Such a hypothesis is theoretically supported by a recent work showing that logic is a necessary component of life, so living systems process information in the same way as computers. The current study summarizes existing evidence showing that cells can intentionally modify their stored data by biochemical processes resembling stochastic algorithms to avoid environmental stress and increase their chances of survival. Furthermore, the mathematical and physical considerations that render a read-write memory a necessary component of biological systems are presented.

Algoritmos , Genoma , Factores de Transcripción , Escritura
Crit Care ; 27(1): 75, 2023 02 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36841840


This paper discusses the use of Artificial Intelligence Chatbot in scientific writing. ChatGPT is a type of chatbot, developed by OpenAI, that uses the Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT) language model to understand and respond to natural language inputs. AI chatbot and ChatGPT in particular appear to be useful tools in scientific writing, assisting researchers and scientists in organizing material, generating an initial draft and/or in proofreading. There is no publication in the field of critical care medicine prepared using this approach; however, this will be a possibility in the next future. ChatGPT work should not be used as a replacement for human judgment and the output should always be reviewed by experts before being used in any critical decision-making or application. Moreover, several ethical issues arise about using these tools, such as the risk of plagiarism and inaccuracies, as well as a potential imbalance in its accessibility between high- and low-income countries, if the software becomes paying. For this reason, a consensus on how to regulate the use of chatbots in scientific writing will soon be required.

Inteligencia Artificial , Escritura , Humanos
Clin Nurse Spec ; 37(2): 61-63, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36799701