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1.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 25: 1, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775099

RESUMEN

AIM: Prosthetic rehabilitation of deciduous teeth in paediatric age using pre-formed crowns has been considered one of the best methods of dental restoration since their introduction. Their main advantages are related to durability, longevity and a low rate of recurrent cavities. Since stainless steel crowns do not coincide with aesthetic needs of parents and patients, preformed paedodontic crowns made of zirconia and nano-hybrid composite was introduced. The aim of the study is to evaluate the degree of wear on the enamel and on themselves of the different paedodontic crowns. MATERIALS: Nine bovine teeth and nine paedodontic crowns for deciduous molars were selected for the study, three of which in zirconia, three in nano-hybrid composite and three in stainless steel. Wear test was carried out on the Rtech™ Instruments tribometer applying a force of 50 N. After that, both the bovine teeth and the paedodontic crowns were observed using a stereo microscope (Zeiss Stemi C-500) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM, Cambridge Stereoscan 440). The areas of wear were calculated with a software [ImageJ, version 1x, Wayne Rasband, Maryland, USA]. CONCLUSION: Pre-formed paediatric crowns in zirconia, nano-hybrid composite and stainless steel are a valid aid for the restoration of deciduous teeth and do not compromise the physiological wear characteristic of the phases of the dental exchange. The stainless steel crown is preferable for the restorations in the posterior sectors as its behaviour is the most similar to that of a natural tooth. Zirconia and nano-hybrid composite crowns showed an inversely proportional behaviour between their wear volume and that of the opposing tooth.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Acero Inoxidable , Diente Primario , Circonio , Bovinos , Circonio/química , Acero Inoxidable/química , Animales , Humanos , Resinas Compuestas/química , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Alisadura de la Restauración Dental , Materiales Dentales/química , Esmalte Dental , Desgaste de los Dientes , Niño
2.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 31-36, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755979

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate adhesive remnants on the enamel surface following bracket debonding using a freezing element. Thirty-six sound premolars were used in this study. In each case, a bracket was bonded onto each tooth with conventional light-cured composite resin and de-bonded after one week. Freezing of the underlying composite through the bracket was performed immediately before debonding with a portable cryosurgical system (-55 °C). Specimens were divided into three groups according to the duration of freezing: a control group without freezing was used as a reference and two interventional groups with different durations of freezing (15 or 40 s). Brackets were removed by using debonding pliers to squeeze the wings of the bracket in an occluso-gingival manner. Adhesive remnants on the tooth were then quantitatively evaluated by stereo-microscopy. Pearson's Chi-squared test was used to investigate the relationship between the proportion of remaining resin and the group of teeth. In the control group, 100% of the composite remained on the enamel surface of all specimens. Significantly less adhesive remnants were found in the intervention groups (p = 0.001 for the 15 s group and p = 0.043 for the 40 s group). There was no significant difference between the two interventions (p = 0.165) in terms of the proportion of remaining adhesive remnants. Freezing of the bracket and the underlying adhesive resin prior to bracket debonding may favorably alter the behavioral pattern of composite fracture, thus reducing the extent of adhesive remnants on the enamel. Increasing the freezing time from 15 to 40 s did not exert significant effects on adhesive remnants following debonding. Further research now needs to investigate the effect of freezing on the mechanical properties of the adhesive remnants and its in-vivo effect on pulp vitality over both short- and long-terms.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Desconsolidación Dental , Congelación , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Humanos , Desconsolidación Dental/métodos , Resinas Compuestas/química , Esmalte Dental , Técnicas In Vitro , Cementos de Resina/química , Cementos Dentales/química , Diente Premolar , Ensayo de Materiales
3.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 107-119, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755989

RESUMEN

This research study aimed to investigate the impact of probiotic mouthwash and kefir on the surface characteristics, specifically surface roughness and microhardness, of different restorative materials, as well as permanent and deciduous tooth enamels. Thirty disc-shaped specimens were prepared from composite resin (G-ænial Posterior (GP)), polyacid-modified composite resin (compomer) (Dyract-XP (DXP)), and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Ionoseal (IS)). Additionally, thirty specimens of enamel were obtained from permanent teeth (PT) and thirty from deciduous teeth (DT) by embedding buccal and lingual sections, acquired through vertical sectioning of 15 permanent and 15 deciduous human tooth crowns in the mesiodistal orientation within acrylic resin blocks. The specimens were then categorized into three distinct groups and immersed for 14 days in one of the following solutions: distilled water, kefir or probiotic mouthwash. The mean surface roughness values of all specimens were assessed using an atomic force microscope, while the mean surface microhardness was measured using a Vickers hardness measuring instrument. The results revealed a statistically significant difference in mean surface roughness among the various restorative materials (p < 0.001). Among the restorative materials, the IS material exhibited notably higher mean surface roughness values than other restorative materials and tooth enamel, while no significant differences were observed between the PT and DT groups. Importantly, the main effect of the solutions under investigation was not statistically significant (p = 0.208). No significant difference was found between the surface roughness values of specimens subjected to the different solutions. When evaluating the effects of materials and solutions on microhardness, the main effects of material and solution variables and the influence of material-solution interactions were statistically significant (p < 0.001). Taken together, these results indicate that consistent use of kefir or probiotic mouthwashes may impact the surface properties of various restorative materials and tooth enamel.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Esmalte Dental , Restauración Dental Permanente , Cementos de Ionómero Vítreo , Dureza , Probióticos , Propiedades de Superficie , Humanos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Resinas Compuestas/química , Cementos de Ionómero Vítreo/química , Restauración Dental Permanente/métodos , Compómeros/química , Diente Primario , Antisépticos Bucales/química , Antisépticos Bucales/farmacología , Ensayo de Materiales , Materiales Dentales/química
4.
J Forensic Odontostomatol ; 42(1): 22-29, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742569

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The utilization of segmentation method using volumetric data in adults dental age estimation (DAE) from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) was further expanded by using current 5-Part Tooth Segmentation (SG) method. Additionally, supervised machine learning modelling -namely support vector regression (SVR) with linear and polynomial kernel, and regression tree - was tested and compared with the multiple linear regression model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CBCT scans from 99 patients aged between 20 to 59.99 was collected. Eighty eligible teeth including maxillary canine, lateral incisor, and central incisor were used in this study. Enamel to dentine volume ratio, pulp to dentine volume ratio, lower tooth volume ratio, and sex was utilized as independent variable to predict chronological age. RESULTS: No multicollinearity was detected in the models. The best performing model comes from maxillary lateral incisor using SVR with polynomial kernel ( = 0.73). The lowest error rate achieved by the model was given also by maxillary lateral incisor, with 4.86 years of mean average error and 6.05 years of root means squared error. However, demands a complex approach to segment the enamel volume in the crown section and a lengthier labour time of 45 minutes per tooth.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Edad por los Dientes , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Aprendizaje Automático , Humanos , Adulto , Determinación de la Edad por los Dientes/métodos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Persona de Mediana Edad , Esmalte Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagen , Modelos Lineales , Pulpa Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Máquina de Vectores de Soporte
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e036, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747823

RESUMEN

This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the effect protocols and anticaries agents containing casein amorphous calcium fluoride phosphopeptide-phosphate (CPP-ACPF, MI Paste Plus), sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) and fluoride (F), in remineralization of caries lesions. Bovine enamel blocks with initial caries lesions were divided into groups (n = 12): 1) Toothpaste without F-TMP-MI Plus (Placebo); 2) Toothpaste 1100 ppm F (1100F), 3) 1100F + MI Paste Plus (1100F-MI Paste Plus), 4) Toothpaste with 1100F + Neutral gel with 4,500 ppm F + 5%TMP (1100F + Gel TMP) and 5) Toothpaste with 1100F + Neutral gel with 9,000 ppm F (1100F + Gel F). For the 4 and 5 groups the gel was applied only once for 1 minute, initially to the study. For the 3 group, after treatment with 1100F, MI Paste Plus was applied 2x/day for 3 minute. After pH cycling, the percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR); integrated loss of subsurface hardness (ΔKHN); profile and depth of the subsuperficial lesion (PLM); concentrations of F, calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) in enamel was determined. The data were analyzed by ANOVA (1-criterion) and Student-Newman-Keuls test (p < 0.001). Treatment with 1100F alone led to ~ 28% higher remineralization when compared to treatment with 1100F associated with MI Paste Plus (p < 0.001). The 1100F and 1100F + Gel F groups showed similar values for %SHR (p = 0.150). 1100F + Gel TMP treatment also remineralized the enamel surface by ~ 30% and 20% when compared to the 1100F + Gel F and 1100F groups (p < 0.001). The lower lesion depth (ΔKHN) was observed for the 1100F + Gel TMP group (p < 0.001), where it was 54% and 44% lower in comparison to the 1100F and 1100F + Gel F groups (p < 0.001). Polarized light microscopy photomicrographs showed subsurface lesions in all groups, but these lesions were present to a lower extent in the 1100F + Gel TMP group (p < 0.001). Treatment with 1100F + Gel TMP promoted an increase in the concentration of Ca in the enamel by ~ 57% and ~ 26% when compared to the 1100F and 1100F + MI Paste Plus groups (p < 0.001), respectively. There were no significant differences between the 1100F, 1100F + MI Paste Plus and 1100F + Gel F groups (p > 0.001). Similar values of P in the enamel were observed in the 1100F, 1100F + MI Paste Plus and 1100F + Gel F groups (p > 0.001), except for the 1100F + Gel TMP group, which presented a high concentration (p < 0.001). We conclude that the 1100F+TMP gel treatment/protocol led to a significant increased remineralization when compared to the other treatments/protocols and may be a promising strategy for patients with early caries lesions.


Asunto(s)
Cariostáticos , Caseínas , Esmalte Dental , Fluoruros , Remineralización Dental , Caseínas/farmacología , Caseínas/uso terapéutico , Remineralización Dental/métodos , Bovinos , Animales , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Cariostáticos/farmacología , Fluoruros/farmacología , Factores de Tiempo , Pastas de Dientes/química , Caries Dental/tratamiento farmacológico , Análisis de Varianza , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Polifosfatos/farmacología , Polifosfatos/química , Polifosfatos/uso terapéutico , Pruebas de Dureza , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Propiedades de Superficie/efectos de los fármacos , Ensayo de Materiales , Resultado del Tratamiento , Valores de Referencia , Dureza/efectos de los fármacos , Fosfatos
6.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 10(3): e888, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712436

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of metal primer II (MP II) on the shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets bonded to teeth and bis-acryl composite provisional material (Bis-Acryl). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty extracted human premolars specimens and 20 premolar shaped Bis-Acryl specimens were obtained and randomly divided into two surface groups. The first group consisted of human premolars (T) bonded to brackets in the conventional way while in the second (T-MP) MP II was applied on the bracket base before bonding. Similarly, one group of provisional material (PM) was prepared according to conventional treatment and another with the application of MP-II metal bonder (PM-MP). In all cases Ortho-brackets (Victory Series, 3 M) were bonded employing Transbond XT resin cement. Then the brackets were debonded under shear and the results were statistically analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Holm Sidak at α = .05. The debonded surfaces of all specimens were examined by light microscopy and the Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) was recorded. RESULTS: The SBS results exhibited significant differences er (p < .001). For both the T and TM the application of MP-II increased the SBS compared to respective control groups (p < .001). The T-C group was found inferior compared to PM-C (p < .001) and the same is true for the comparison between T-MP and PM-MP (p < .001). ARI indexes demonstrated that the tooth groups were characterized by a predominantly adhesive failure at the resin-dentin interface. In contrast, the control group for provisional crowns (PM-C) showed a predominantly cohesive failure mode, which moved to predominantly adhesive after the application of MP II. CONCLUSION: The application of MP II enhances the SBS on both, human enamel and provisional crown materials.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Cementos de Resina , Resistencia al Corte , Propiedades de Superficie , Humanos , Cementos de Resina/química , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Diente Premolar , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Resinas Compuestas/química , Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Esmalte Dental/química , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos
7.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 83: 264-272, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709122

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of the present in vitro study is to investigate and compare the remineralising potential of Moringa Oleifera extract, eggshell, and sodium fluoride varnish on microhardness of artificially demineralised enamel of primary teeth with biomimetic minimally invasive approach following the world paradigm shift towards natural products in paediatric dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sample size included 44 primary molars. The mineral content and surface microhardness of all specimens were initially assessed using energy dispersive x-ray examination (EDX) and Vickers microhardness. The specimens were artificially demineralised for 96 h at a temperature of 37°C and then reassessed directly after demineralisation. The demineralised enamel specimens were randomly divided into four groups according to the remineralisation regimen utilised. Group 1: Artificial saliva (control); Group 2: Sodium fluoride varnish; Group 3: Eggshell hydrogel; and Group 4: Moringa Oleifera hydrogel. The specimens were stored for 8 days and then subsequently evaluated using EDX and microhardness assessment by Vickers microhardness test and scanning electron microscope (SEM).  Results: Regarding the microhardness test, there was a significant difference between the Moringa Oleifera group and Eggshell group compared to fluoride varnish (p < 0.05). Regarding EDX analysis, there was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between Moringa Oleifera group and Eggshell group compared to fluoride varnish as the highest values were for Moringa Oleifera and Eggshell. On the other hand, there was no statistically significant difference (p > 0.05) between Moringa Oleifera and Eggshell in both the measurements. CONCLUSION: Moringa Oleifera and Eggshell might be considered as a biomimetic natural material capable of guiding enamel tissue remineralisation in early carious lesion of primary teeth. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This research demonstrated the capability for early enamel caries to be remineralised using novel materials with a naturally counterpart implicated in biomineralisation as proved to be more effective than traditionally used fluoride varnish in primary teeth.


Asunto(s)
Cáscara de Huevo , Hidrogeles , Moringa oleifera , Fluoruro de Sodio , Diente Primario , Fluoruro de Sodio/administración & dosificación , Diente Primario/efectos de los fármacos , Cáscara de Huevo/química , Humanos , Moringa oleifera/química , Remineralización Dental/métodos , Animales , Técnicas In Vitro , Fluoruros Tópicos/administración & dosificación , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Dureza/efectos de los fármacos , Espectrometría por Rayos X , Desmineralización Dental/prevención & control , Desmineralización Dental/tratamiento farmacológico
8.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303147, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771806

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To show the effect of the phosphate group on the remineralization process of early enamel caries mediated by amelogenin peptide. METHODS: Freshly extracted, completed, and crack-free bovine teeth were used to create artificial early enamel caries, which were randomly divided into four groups: Group A: fluorination remineralized solution treatment group; Group B: pure remineralized solution treatment group. Group C: 100 g/ml recombinant Amelogenin peptide remineralized solution treatment group (with single phosphate group on N-terminus); Group D: 100 g/ml non-phosphorylated recombinant Amelogenin peptide remineralized solution treatment group (without single phosphate group on N-terminus). For 12 days, fresh remineralized solutions were replaced daily. Transverse microradiography (TMR) was used after remineralization to determine mineral loss and demineralization depth before and after each sample's remineralization. Each sample's depth of remineralization and mineral acquisition were then determined. RESULTS: The recombinant amelogenin peptide group significantly outperformed the non-phosphorylated amelogenin peptide group in terms of mineral acquisition and mineralization depth (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The recombinant Amelogenin's solitary phosphate group at the N-terminus helps recombinant Amelogenin to encourage the remineralization process of early enamel caries.


Asunto(s)
Amelogenina , Caries Dental , Esmalte Dental , Fosfatos , Remineralización Dental , Animales , Amelogenina/metabolismo , Caries Dental/tratamiento farmacológico , Bovinos , Remineralización Dental/métodos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Esmalte Dental/metabolismo , Péptidos/farmacología , Péptidos/química , Microrradiografía
9.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 45(Suppl 1): 21, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781415

RESUMEN

The objective of this in vitro study was to quantify the removal of dental biofilm from human enamel surfaces after treatment with the Philips® Sonicare® Power Flosser. Dental biofilms were grown from pooled human saliva on human enamel disks for 4 days, according to an established academic model.* The biofilms (n = 6) were treated with the Philips Sonicare Power Flosser for 3 seconds using the Quad Stream nozzle. To quantify the number of bacteria before treatment, the biofilm volume was measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the bacterial cell density was determined from untreated control samples (n = 6) using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). After treatment the number of remaining bacteria were counted using CLSM. Additionally, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images were recorded. While before treatment 0.2-mm thick dense biofilms were present, after treatment only scattered groups of bacteria remained (Figure 1 through Figure 4). Quantitative analysis showed 99.96% removal for the Quad Stream nozzle. The Philips Sonicare Power Flosser oral irrigator with Quad Stream nozzle removed over 99.9% of the bacteria in this established laboratory model of dental biofilm.


Asunto(s)
Biopelículas , Dispositivos para el Autocuidado Bucal , Esmalte Dental , Microscopía Confocal , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Tomografía de Coherencia Óptica , Humanos , Esmalte Dental/microbiología , Técnicas In Vitro , Saliva/microbiología
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11293, 2024 05 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782948

RESUMEN

Neanderthals' lives were historically portrayed as highly stressful, shaped by constant pressures to survive in harsh ecological conditions, thus potentially contributing to their extinction. Recent work has challenged this interpretation, leaving the issue of stress among Paleolithic populations highly contested and warranting in-depth examination. Here, we analyze the frequency of dental enamel hypoplasia, a growth disruption indicator of early life stress, in the largest sample of Neanderthal and Upper Paleolithic dentitions investigated to date for these features. To track potential species-specific patterns in the ontogenetic distribution of childhood stress, we present the first comprehensive Bayesian modelling of the likelihood of occurrence of individual and matched enamel growth disruptions throughout ontogeny. Our findings support similar overall stress levels in both groups but reveal species-specific patterns in its ontogenetic distribution. While Neanderthal children faced increasing likelihoods of growth disruptions starting with the weaning process and culminating in intensity post-weaning, growth disruptions in Upper Paleolithic children were found to be limited around the period of weaning and substantially dropping after its expected completion. These results might, at least in part, reflect differences in childcare or other behavioral strategies between the two taxa, including those that were advantageous for modern humans' long-term survival.


Asunto(s)
Hipoplasia del Esmalte Dental , Esmalte Dental , Hombre de Neandertal , Animales , Humanos , Esmalte Dental/crecimiento & desarrollo , Niño , Teorema de Bayes , Preescolar , Masculino , Fósiles , Femenino , Estrés Fisiológico , Lactante
11.
Biomolecules ; 14(5)2024 May 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786012

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Enamel plays an essential role in protecting the underlying layers of the human tooth; therefore, preserving it is vital. This experimental study aimed to evaluate the potential ability of L. brevis to counteract the action of a demineralizing agent on dental enamel morphology and mineral composition in vitro. METHODS: The sample consisted of 12 healthy human posterior teeth. The coronal portion of each tooth was subdivided into two equal parts longitudinally. The specimens were randomly divided into four groups: artificial saliva, L. brevis suspension, demineralizing agent (DA), and DA plus L. brevis. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to evaluate the surface micromorphology and the mineral content, respectively. The statistical analysis was conducted using a one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's post hoc test. RESULTS: SEM analysis did not highlight significant changes in the enamel microstructure of L. brevis-treated specimens compared to the control. DA-induced damage to the enamel structure was drastically reduced when the specimens were contextually exposed to the probiotic. The treatment with DA substantially reduced the weight % of crucial enamel minerals, i.e., Ca and P. Notably, the probiotic was able to reverse the demineralization process, bringing Ca and P weight % back to basal levels, including the Ca/P ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that L. brevis is able to efficiently protect the dental enamel surface from the damage caused by DA and increase the enamel resistance to demineralization. Overall, L. brevis confirms its efficacy in preventing or counteracting the action of carious lesions through a novel mechanism that protects the tooth surface under a chemical challenge that mimics the caries process.


Asunto(s)
Esmalte Dental , Probióticos , Desmineralización Dental , Humanos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Desmineralización Dental/prevención & control , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Espectrometría por Rayos X , Propiedades de Superficie , Técnicas In Vitro
12.
Braz Dent J ; 35: e245616, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775592

RESUMEN

The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the potential of different fluoridated varnishes to inhibit the progression of incipient caries lesions after cariogenic challenge. Seventy-five enamel specimens of bovine teeth were prepared and selected based on the initial surface microhardness (SMH). The specimens were first subjected to artificial demineralization (in buffer solution) after which SMH was re-analyzed (SM1). They were then randomly assigned to five experimental groups: 1- CONTROL (pH cycling), 2 - MI VAR (MI Varnish with RECALDENTTM - CPP-ACP), 3 - PROFL (Profluorid®), 4 - CLIN (ClinproTM White Varnish with TCP), and 5 - DUR (Duraphat®) (n=15). The varnishes were applied in a thin layer and the specimens were then subjected to pH cycling for eight days. The SMH and cross-sectional microhardness (CSMH) were then analyzed (SM2). The fluoride and calcium ion concentrations in the solution were analyzed by the indirect method and atomic absorption spectrophotometry, respectively. Data were statistically analyzed by Student's t-test, ANOVA/Tukey-Kramer, or Kruskall-Wallis/Dunn tests for individual comparisons (p˂0.05). All varnishes led to significantly higher surface and subsurface remineralization compared with the control group but did not differ from each other. The varnishes with the highest fluoride release were: PROFL and CLIN, followed by MI VAR and DUR. The varnishes with significantly higher release of calcium were: DUR, CLIN, and PROFL. In conclusion, all commercial fluoridated varnishes tested have good potential to inhibit the progression of demineralization, regardless of the ion release mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Cariostáticos , Caries Dental , Esmalte Dental , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Fluoruros Tópicos , Dureza , Desmineralización Dental , Bovinos , Animales , Caries Dental/prevención & control , Cariostáticos/farmacología , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Desmineralización Dental/prevención & control , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Calcio , Distribución Aleatoria , Remineralización Dental/métodos , Caseínas , Ensayo de Materiales , Espectrofotometría Atómica , Fluoruro de Sodio
13.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 59-65, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704847

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of toothbrushing with new and used toothbrushes on the surface of resin composites and dental enamel. METHODS: The extracted human incisors were selected after vestibular enamel surfaces (ES) were examined. Disc-shaped specimens of direct composite (DC) and indirect composite (IC) were fabricated. Computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) composite blocks (CC) were sliced in 2 mm thickness (n= 8). The surface roughness, gloss, and color were measured. The measurements were performed before and after 3 months of toothbrushing simulation (TBS) for 2,500 circular cycles. The wear index was calculated by using the ImageJ program. The specimens were subjected to an additional 2,500 cycles and the same measurements were repeated. RESULTS: No significant increase in surface roughness values was observed in DC, IC, and CC groups after 3 and 6 months of TBS except in the ES group. The highest change in surface gloss was observed in the DC group. Although the wear index of toothbrushes increased over time, only the increase in the IC group was statistically significant (P= 0.033). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Changes in surface roughness, gloss, and discoloration of the dental enamel and restorations and wear of toothbrush bristles were increased over time.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Esmalte Dental , Propiedades de Superficie , Cepillado Dental , Cepillado Dental/instrumentación , Humanos , Resinas Compuestas/química , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Ensayo de Materiales
14.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 78-84, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704850

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate how fluoride- or chitosan-based toothpaste used during at-home bleaching affects enamel roughness, tooth color, and staining susceptibility. METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were submitted to a 14-day cycling regime considering a factorial design (bleaching agent x toothpaste, 2 x 3), with n=10: (1) bleaching with 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) or 6% hydrogen peroxide (HP), and (2) daily exposure of a fluoride (1,450 ppm F-NaF) toothpaste (FT), chitosan-based toothpaste (CBT), or distilled water (control). Then, 24 hours after the last day of bleaching procedure the samples were exposed to a coffee solution. Color (ΔEab, ΔE00, L*, a*, b*) and roughness (Ra, µm) analyses were performed to compare the samples initially (baseline), after bleaching, and after coffee staining. The results were evaluated by linear models for repeated measures (L*, a*, b*, and Ra), 2-way ANOVA (ΔEab, ΔE00) and Tukey's test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: After the at-home bleaching procedure (toothpaste vs. time, P< 0.0001), the toothpaste groups presented a statistically lower Ra than the control (CBT 0.05). After coffee exposure, CBT presented lower ΔEab and ΔE00 values in the HP groups (toothpaste, P< 0.0001), and lower b* and a* values in the CP groups (toothpaste vs. time, P= 0.004). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Fluoride or chitosan delivered by toothpaste can reduce surface alterations of the enamel during at-home bleaching, without affecting bleaching efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Peróxido de Carbamida , Quitosano , Esmalte Dental , Peróxido de Hidrógeno , Blanqueadores Dentales , Blanqueamiento de Dientes , Decoloración de Dientes , Pastas de Dientes , Quitosano/farmacología , Pastas de Dientes/farmacología , Animales , Bovinos , Blanqueamiento de Dientes/métodos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Blanqueadores Dentales/farmacología , Peróxido de Hidrógeno/farmacología , Peróxido de Carbamida/farmacología , Propiedades de Superficie , Fluoruros/farmacología , Color , Urea/análogos & derivados , Urea/farmacología , Café , Peróxidos/farmacología
15.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 568, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745082

RESUMEN

Interpretations of Late Pleistocene hominin adaptative capacities by archaeologists have focused heavily on their exploitation of certain prey and documented contemporary behaviours for these species. However, we cannot assume that animal prey-taxa ecology and ethology were the same in the past as in the present, or were constant over archaeological timescales. Sequential isotope analysis of herbivore teeth has emerged as a particularly powerful method of directly reconstructing diet, ecology and mobility patterns on sub-annual scales. Here, we apply 87Sr/86Sr isotope analysis, in combination with δ18O and δ13C isotope analysis, to sequentially sampled tooth enamel of prevalent herbivore species that populated Europe during the Last Glacial Period, including Rangifer tarandus, Equus sp. and Mammuthus primigenius. Our samples come from two open-air archaeological sites in Central Germany, Königsaue and Breitenbach, associated with Middle Palaeolithic and early Upper Palaeolithic cultures, respectively. We identify potential inter- and intra-species differences in range size and movement through time, contextualised through insights into diet and the wider environment. However, homogeneous bioavailable 87Sr/86Sr across large parts of the study region prevented the identification of specific migration routes. Finally, we discuss the possible influence of large-herbivore behaviour on hominin hunting decisions at the two sites.


Asunto(s)
Isótopos de Carbono , Herbivoria , Animales , Isótopos de Carbono/análisis , Fósiles , Hominidae/fisiología , Isótopos de Estroncio/análisis , Arqueología , Europa (Continente) , Migración Animal , Esmalte Dental/química , Dieta , Alemania , Isótopos de Oxígeno/análisis
16.
Nat Ecol Evol ; 8(5): 1035-1045, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684738

RESUMEN

The transition from hunting-gathering to agriculture stands as one of the most important dietary revolutions in human history. Yet, due to a scarcity of well-preserved human remains from Pleistocene sites, little is known about the dietary practices of pre-agricultural human groups. Here we present the isotopic evidence of pronounced plant reliance among Late Stone Age hunter-gatherers from North Africa (15,000-13,000 cal BP), predating the advent of agriculture by several millennia. Employing a comprehensive multi-isotopic approach, we conducted zinc (δ66Zn) and strontium (87Sr/86Sr) analysis on dental enamel, bulk carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) and sulfur (δ34S) isotope analysis on dentin and bone collagen, and single amino acid analysis on human and faunal remains from Taforalt (Morocco). Our results unequivocally demonstrate a substantial plant-based component in the diets of these hunter-gatherers. This distinct dietary pattern challenges the prevailing notion of high reliance on animal proteins among pre-agricultural human groups. It also raises intriguing questions surrounding the absence of agricultural development in North Africa during the early Holocene. This study underscores the importance of investigating dietary practices during the transition to agriculture and provides insights into the complexities of human subsistence strategies across different regions.


Asunto(s)
Dieta , Humanos , Marruecos , Historia Antigua , Huesos/química , Arqueología , Animales , Esmalte Dental/química , Isótopos de Estroncio/análisis
17.
ACS Nano ; 18(17): 11270-11283, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629732

RESUMEN

Teeth exemplify architectures comprising an interplay of inorganic and organic constituents, resulting in sophisticated natural composites. Rodents (Rodentia) showcase extraordinary adaptations, with their continuously growing incisors surpassing human teeth in functional and structural optimizations. In this study, employing state-of-the-art direct atomic-scale imaging and nanoscale spectroscopies, we present compelling evidence that the release of material from ameloblasts and the subsequent formation of iron-rich enamel and surface layers in the constantly growing incisors of rodents are complex orchestrated processes, intricately regulated and independent of environmental factors. The synergistic fusion of three-dimensional tomography and imaging techniques of etched rodent́s enamel unveils a direct correlation between the presence of pockets infused with ferrihydrite-like material and the acid resistant properties exhibited by the iron-rich enamel, fortifying it as an efficient protective shield. Moreover, observations using optical microscopy shed light on the role of iron-rich enamel as a microstructural element that acts as a path for color transmission, although the native color remains indistinguishable from that of regular enamel, challenging the prevailing paradigms. The redefinition of "pigmented enamel" to encompass ferrihydrite-like infusion in rodent incisors reshapes our perception of incisor microstructure and color generation. The functional significance of acid-resistant iron-rich enamel and the understanding of the underlying coloration mechanism in rodent incisors have far-reaching implications for human health, development of potentially groundbreaking dental materials, and restorative dentistry. These findings enable the creation of an entirely different class of dental biomaterials with enhanced properties, inspired by the ingenious designs found in nature.


Asunto(s)
Esmalte Dental , Animales , Esmalte Dental/química , Esmalte Dental/metabolismo , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Compuestos Férricos/química , Compuestos Férricos/farmacología , Ratas , Color , Ratones , Incisivo/química , Incisivo/metabolismo , Diente/química , Diente/metabolismo
18.
Arch Oral Biol ; 163: 105981, 2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669743

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: An ex-vivo study was aimed at (i) programming clinically validated robot three-year random toothbrushing, (ii) evaluating cervical macro- and microwear patterns on all tooth groups of different functional age, (iii) documenting and codificating wear related morphological features at the cemento-enamel junction in young teeth and on roots in older teeth. DESIGN: Following ethical approval random toothbrushing (44 strokes per tooth horizontally, rotating, vertically; 2x/d) with manual toothbrushes and low-abrasive dentifrice was performed in an artificial oral cavity with brushing-force 3.5 N on 14 extracted human teeth. Morphological features were examined by SEM at baseline and after simulated 3 years using the replication technique. 3D-SEM analyses were carried out with a four-quadrant back scattered electron detector. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney-test was used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: 3-year random toothbrushing with horizontal, rotating and vertical brushing movements revealed morphological features classified as four enamel patterns, one dentin pattern and three cervical patterns. Negative impacts were enamel, cementum and dentin loss. Positive impact on oral health was removing dental calculus and straightening cervical traumatic and iatrogenic damages. The volume loss varied from x̅=34.25nl to x̅=87.75nl. Wear extended apically from 100 to 1500 micrometres. CONCLUSION: Robot simulated toothbrushing in an artificial oral cavity, with subsequent SEM and 3D-SEM assessment, elucidated both negative and oral health-contributing micromorphology patterns of cervical wear after simulated 3-year random toothbrushing. Cervical macro- and microwear of cementum revealed, for the first time, what we describe as overhanging enamel peninsulas and enamel islands on roots in young teeth, but no enamel islands on roots from older teeth after root cementum loss. In contrast, many older teeth exhibited enamel peninsulas.


Asunto(s)
Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Robótica , Cuello del Diente , Desgaste de los Dientes , Cepillado Dental , Humanos , Desgaste de los Dientes/etiología , Cuello del Diente/patología , Esmalte Dental , Cemento Dental/patología , Dentina , Dentífricos , Técnicas In Vitro
19.
Radiat Environ Biophys ; 63(2): 283-295, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625398

RESUMEN

This study aimed to assess the in vitro effects of re-irradiation on enamel and dentin properties, simulating head and neck cancer radiotherapy retreatment. Forty-five human permanent molars were classified into five groups: non-irradiated; irradiated 60 Gy, and re-irradiated with doses of 30, 40, and 50 Gy. Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were employed for analysis. Raman spectroscopy assessed intensity, spectral area, and specific peaks comparatively. Statistical analysis involved Kolmogorov-Smirnov and One-Way ANOVA tests, with Tukey's post-test (significance level set at 5%). Significant changes in irradiated, non-irradiated, and re-irradiated enamel peaks were observed, including phosphate (438 nm), hydroxyapatite (582 nm), phosphate (960 nm), and carbonate (1070 nm) (p < 0.05). Re-irradiation affected the entire tooth (p > 0.05), leading to interprismatic region degradation, enamel prism destruction, and hydroxyapatite crystal damage. Dentin exhibited tubule obliteration, crack formation, and progressive collagen fiber fragmentation. EDX revealed increased oxygen percentage and decreased phosphorus and calcium post-reirradiation. It is concluded that chemical and morphological changes in irradiated permanent teeth were dose-dependent, exacerbated by re-irradiation, causing substantial damage in enamel and dentin.


Asunto(s)
Esmalte Dental , Dentina , Humanos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de la radiación , Esmalte Dental/química , Dentina/efectos de la radiación , Dentina/química , Espectrometría Raman , Diente/efectos de la radiación , Diente Molar/efectos de la radiación
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(5): 512-516, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38637007

RESUMEN

Regional odontodysplasia (ROD) is a rare localized dental developmental anomaly. The typical clinical manifestations of ROD are abnormal tooth eruption, abnormal development of enamel and dentin. The radiographic characteristic is "ghost teeth". Its etiology still remains unknown. The care and treatment of a patient with ROD needs a multidisciplinary approach. And the treatment should be taken after the assessment of each individual case of ROD. This paper reviews the definition, etiology, epidemiological features, clinical manifestations, imaging features, dental microstructure and treatment strategies of ROD to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Asunto(s)
Odontodisplasia , Humanos , Esmalte Dental/anomalías , Dentina/anomalías , Erupción Dental
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