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1.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 79-103, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307800

RESUMEN

Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men (BMSM) have been the subject of much research focused on health disparities in HIV occurrence, stigma, and mental health. Although such research is important, fewer studies focus on other equally salient areas of their lives such as spirituality, religious practices, and social support. Informed by literature on social support, this research endeavors to better understand these dynamics for a group of young BMSM who reside in a metropolitan city in Tennessee. Focus group results and content analysis uncover themes related to religion and resilience; queering Christianity; and virtual spirituality. Participants expressed an overarching need for support, safe spaces, genuine relationships, and godly instruction, conveyed through traditional Black Church involvement and nontraditional Internet usage. Findings are important for strategic, proactive, cross-generational collaboration with young BMSM to holistically meet their varied needs.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos/psicología , Homosexualidad Masculina/psicología , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Espiritualidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Grupos Focales , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Estigma Social , Tennessee , Adulto Joven
2.
Ambio ; 49(1): 208-217, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020612

RESUMEN

In the context of continuing ecosystem degradation and deepening socio-economic inequality, sustainability scientists must question the adequacy of current scholarship and practice. We argue that pre-occupation with external phenomena and collective social structures has led to the neglect of people's 'inner worlds'-their emotions, thoughts, identities and beliefs. These lie at the heart of actions for sustainability, and have powerful transformative capacity for system change. The condition of people's inner worlds ought to also be considered a dimension of sustainability itself. Compassion, empathy and generosity, for example, are personal characteristics that mark individual expressions of sustainability. Sustainability science must take inner life more seriously by considering how language shapes and is shaped by paradigms about the world, prioritising enquiry into how spirituality, contemplation and sustainability transformation relate, and encouraging scholars and practitioners to intentionally cultivate their inner worlds to strengthen inner resources necessary for addressing sustainability challenges.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Espiritualidad , Factores Socioeconómicos
3.
Br J Gen Pract ; 70(690): 13, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879296

Asunto(s)
Espiritualidad
4.
Br J Gen Pract ; 69(688): 573-574, 2019 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672830
5.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3200, 2019 Oct 14.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618393

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to describe the level of uncertainty in illness in family caregivers of palliative care patients and detect associations between the profile of the caregiver and the levels of uncertainty. METHOD: descriptive correlational study conducted with 300 family caregivers of hospitalized patients. The sociodemographic characterization of caregiver and patient was used to assess the caregiver profile, as well as the Uncertainty in Illness scale for family caregivers. Spearman's Rho correlation test was applied to detect associations. RESULTS: the average score of illness uncertainty was 91.7 points. The analysis showed significant correlations between the level of uncertainty and patient dependence (r=0.18, p=0.001), symptom assessment (r=0.312, p<0.001), length of service as a caregiver (r=0.131, p=0.023), perception of support from health professionals (r=-0.16, p=0.048), family (r=-0.145, p=0.012) and religious support (r=-0.131, p=0.050). CONCLUSIONS: there were high levels of uncertainty in caregivers about their patient's illness. These levels are associated with the health condition and symptoms of the patient who is cared for, the length of service as a caregiver and the perceived support from health professionals, family and religion.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores/psicología , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Incertidumbre , Adaptación Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Cuidadores/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Hospitalización/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cuidados Paliativos/estadística & datos numéricos , Percepción , Factores Socioeconómicos , Espiritualidad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
6.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 288-303, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476999

RESUMEN

Is the influence of religiousness on fearful, depressive and somatic symptoms and psychic traumatization overestimated? A representative cross-sectional study Objectives: The aim of this study is to prove if religious faith, spirituality and religious praxis are joined with lower depression, anxiety and physical pain-level and if subjects with traumatic experiences report more spirituality. Methods: In this consecutive study, 2508 adults of a representative sample in Germany were interviewed about religious faith and spirituality in relation to depression, anxiety, physical disorders as well as traumatic experiences. Results: Unlike our hypotheses people who are charged with mental (PHQ-4; Löwe et al. 2010) or physical disorders (GBB_8; Kliem et al. 2017) report more spirituality and more private religious/spiritual praxis than people without mental or physical problems. As expected people with traumatic experiences in their childhood (CTS; Grabe et al. 2012) describe significantly more spirituality than people without these experiences. Conclusions: Other than expected people with more mental or physical disorders report more spirituality and more private religious/spiritual praxis. It is to discuss if spirituality is less a protective factor for mental or physical disorders than disorders activate to look for spirituality and private religious/spiritual praxis.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Miedo/psicología , Síntomas sin Explicación Médica , Trauma Psicológico/psicología , Religión y Psicología , Espiritualidad , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiología
8.
Am J Psychother ; 72(3): 75-83, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533453

RESUMEN

In this article, a clinical protocol for delivering a flexible, spiritually integrated cognitive-behavioral therapy, called spiritual psychotherapy for inpatient, residential, and intensive treatment (SPIRIT), is presented, and its implementation is described.


Asunto(s)
Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos , Pacientes Internos/psicología , Espiritualidad , Humanos
9.
Lancet ; 394(10199): 630-631, 2019 Aug 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448729
10.
AIDS Behav ; 23(Suppl 3): 319-330, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444712

RESUMEN

Nearly half of HIV infections in the United States are concentrated among African Americans, and over half of new HIV infections occur in the South. African Americans have poorer outcomes in the entire continua of HIV and PrEP care. Complex social, structural, and behavioral factors contribute to our nation's alarming racial disparities in HIV infection, particularly in the Deep South. Despite the importance of faith, spirituality and religious practice in the lives of many African Americans, there has been little scientific investment exploring how African Americans' religious participation, faith and spirituality may impact our nation's HIV epidemic. This article summarizes the state of the science on this critical issue. We also identify opportunities for new scholarship on how faith, spirituality and religious participation may impact HIV care continuum outcomes in the South and call for greater federal research investment on these issues.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos/psicología , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Organizaciones Religiosas , Infecciones por VIH/etnología , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Afroamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Epidemias , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Humanos , Espiritualidad , Estados Unidos
11.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 66(4): 49-59, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342501

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Nurses in intensive care units (ICUs) care for critically ill and dying patients. The stressful nature of the work performed by these nurses may affect their spiritual health and sleep quality. PURPOSE: The purpose of this correlational study was to explore the sleep quality, spiritual health, and related factors in a sample of ICU nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational design with stratified random sampling was applied. A total of 170 clinical nurses were recruited from the ICUs of a medical center in northern Taiwan. A demographic characteristics questionnaire, the spiritual health scale-short form, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used for data collection. RESULTS: The average PSQI score was 7.07, with 62.9% of the participants reporting poor sleep quality. A significantly negative correlation was identified between the spiritual-health-scale item "connections to others" and the PSQI. "Connections to others", "chronic diseases", and "menstrual cycle discomfort" were the important predictive factors of sleep quality in the ICU nurses in this study. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings of this study support nurses engaging in regular exercise that is both low-intensity and not subject to time or space restrictions in order to help prevent chronic diseases and relieve dysmenorrhea. Furthermore, education and training related to spiritual health should be incorporated into the whole-person education curriculum in order to enhance spiritual status and improve sleep quality.


Asunto(s)
Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/psicología , Sueño , Espiritualidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Taiwán
12.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 640-645, 2019 Jun 27.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269127

RESUMEN

AIM: To demonstrate the relationship between religious/spiritual coping and hope in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with a quantitative approach performed in a reference outpatient clinic in Caruaru, PE, between August and October 2017. A total of 82 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were included in the study, using the brief religious/spiritual coping scale (RCOPE-Brief) and the Herth Hope Scale (HHS). RESULTS: The sample presented mean positive RCOPE scores (3.03 ± 0.41) and the level of hope was considered high (42.7 points ± 3.67). Patients who had a high RCOPE score were found to have a higher mean of Herth's level of hope (44.12 points). CONCLUSION: This study becomes relevant to nursing professionals by encouraging care that takes into account the patient's spiritual dimension in order to stimulate positive mechanisms of religious coping and, consequently, raise the levels of hope.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Esperanza , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Espiritualidad , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Quimioterapia/métodos , Quimioterapia/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Psicometría/instrumentación , Psicometría/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
Urologe A ; 58(10): 1179-1184, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338523

RESUMEN

Religion, which is one of the most important sources of human identity, has so far hardly been taken into account in the clinic. In the largely secularized society of Germany, this has played a highly subordinate role. Currently, however, the development towards a multireligious society is emerging, which will also be reflected in everyday medical care. Disease and mortality in patients can affect different cultural-religious spheres. Although distinction between cultural and religious aspects is possible, it is not necessary for clinical practice. In the situation of oncological therapy, questions may arise which must be answered differently in the religions Christianity, Judaism and Islam and which should be taken into account when selecting therapy. The consideration of cultural-religious rules can intensify the patient's acceptance, but it can also impair it in case of disregard. Such peculiarities can be the separation into male and female spheres or the restriction of certain auxiliary substances or drugs (blood products, narcotics). Kübler-Ross's phase model is suitable for determining where cultural-religious sensitivities should be taken into account in the phases of disease and how cultural-religious offerings can benefit the course of therapy. Due to large individual, regional, cultural and confessional differences, no systematic catalogue of procedures can be provided here. However, knowledge of such differences, more sensitive interaction with patients and their families and cooperation with hospital pastors can strengthen the relationship of trust between doctor and patient and thus improve the conditions for successful oncological therapy. These aspects should not be underestimated when treating people of other faiths in Germany's secular society.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Cultural , Neoplasias/terapia , Religión y Medicina , Religión , Cristianismo , Femenino , Alemania , Humanos , Islamismo , Judaísmo , Masculino , Neoplasias/etnología , Neoplasias/psicología , Espiritualidad
14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 477, 2019 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299950

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Attention to culture and its impact on health care can improve the quality of care given, add to our understanding of health care among culturally diverse populations, and encourage a more holistic approach to health care within general care. Connection to culture is important to Aboriginal peoples, and integrating Aboriginal culture into general care in residential aged care facilities may contribute to improving care delivery and outcomes for residents. The literature to date revealed a lack of understanding of the capacity of residential aged care and the health practices of carers in relation to providing cultural care for Aboriginal people. This study aimed to explore how cultural care needs are maintained for Aboriginal residents from their own and their carers' perspectives. METHODS: Applying an Aboriginal centered research method, an Interpretive Descriptive Approach was used as a theoretical framework to explore data in this study. Semi structured audio-recorded interviews were conducted. An additional file provides a complete description of the interview questions used as a guide for the study [see Additional file 1]. Three Residential Aged Care Centres, in South Australia were used i.e., two rural from centres and one urban metropolitan centre. Seven Aboriginal residents and 19 carers participated in interviews. Data was transcribed and an interpretive analysis was employed to code the transcribed data for themes and sub-themes. The study was guided by an Aboriginal community advisory group with an aim to work under the principle of reciprocity; giving back to the communities, participants and those where the research results may have been relevant. RESULTS: Three themes emerged from the views of the residents and carers: (i) lack of resources and funding; (ii) care practice; and (iii) marginalisation of Aboriginal culture within aged care facilities. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that carers and residents believe cultural inclusion in general care practices may enrich Aboriginal residents' daily life, health and well-being in residential aged care facilities. This study may provide carers, aged care centre managers and policy makers with information on the need of resources, funding, organised care plan and management, and cultural competency of carers to be considered to improve Aboriginal aged care protocols for integrating cultural care into practice.


Asunto(s)
Asistencia Sanitaria Culturalmente Competente/etnología , Hogares para Ancianos , Evaluación de Necesidades , Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica , Espiritualidad , Anciano , Cuidadores/psicología , Cuidadores/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica/psicología , Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigación Cualitativa , Australia del Sur
15.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(4): 849-856, jul.-set. 2019.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1005488

RESUMEN

Objetivos: Descrever e compreender como uma paciente com câncer de mama utilizava a religiosidade e a espiritualidade como recursos para enfrentar a doença. Método: Estudo descritivo, de natureza metodológica qualitativa. Referencial teórico da Antropologia Médica; método de estudo de caso etnográfico. Coleta de dados utilizou entrevistas semiestruturadas e observação. Resultados: A religiosidade e a espiritualidade foram exercitadas e tiveram grande importância no enfrentamento do câncer de mama para lidar com o adoecimento e as repercussões do tratamento, sendo evidenciadas na prática de orações, fé e frequência habitual à igreja. Conclusão: A espiritualidade e a religiosidade são recursos amplamente utilizados entre pacientes oncológicos, pois possibilitam novo sentido à experiência do adoecimento e do tratamento, modificando como as pessoas enxergam sua trajetória, promovendo menor desgaste e maior alívio em situações difíceis e estressantes, como no caso estudado. É importante que, desde a formação, o enfermeiro olhe para o indivíduo como ser biopsicossocioespiritual, buscando compreender suas dimensões e proporcionar melhor bem-estar


Objectives: The purpose was to describe and to understand how a patient with breast cancer used religiosity and spirituality as resources to face the disease. Method: Descriptive study, qualitative methodology. Theoretical reference of Medical Anthropology; ethnographic case study method. Data collection used semi-structured interviews and observation. Results: Religiosity and spirituality were exercised and have had great importance in breast cancer coping, for to get along with illness and treatment repercussions. That was evidenced through prayers, faith and usual attendance at church. Conclusion: Spirituality and religiosity are resources widely used among cancer patients. They give new meaning to illness and treatment experience, and change the way how people see their trajectory, promoting less tiredness and relief in difficult and stressful situations, as in the case studied. It is important that since the college, nurse looks to people as biopsychosocial and spiritual subject, seeking to understand their dimensions and give better well-being


Objetivos: Describir y comprender cómo una paciente con cáncer de mama utilizaba la religiosidad y la espiritualidad como recursos para enfrentar la enfermedad. Método: Estudio descriptivo, de naturaleza metodológica cualitativa. Referencial teórico de la Antropología Médica; Método de estudio de caso etnográfico. La recolección de datos utilizó entrevistas semiestructuradas y observación. Resultados: La religiosidad y la espiritualidad fueron ejercitadas y tuvieron gran importancia en el enfrentamiento del cáncer de mama, para lidiar con la enfermedad y las repercusiones del tratamiento, siendo evidenciadas en la práctica de oraciones, fe, frecuencia habitual a la iglesia. Conclusión: La espiritualidad y la religiosidad son recursos ampliamente utilizados entre pacientes oncológicos. Posibilitan nuevo sentido a la experiencia de la enfermedad y el tratamiento, modificando cómo las personas ven su trayectoria, promoviendo menor desgaste y mayor alivio en situaciones difíciles y estresantes, como en el caso estudiado. Es importante que desde la formación, el enfermero mira al individuo como ser biopsicosocioespiritual, buscando comprender sus dimensiones y proporcionar mejor bienestar


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Mama , Adaptación Psicológica , Espiritualidad , Enfermería Oncológica , Cuidado Pastoral , Brasil , Comodidad del Paciente
16.
BMC Public Health ; 19(Suppl 4): 553, 2019 Jun 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196009

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The high number of adolescents and young adults harbouring suicidal ideation, as reported by the Ministry of Health Malaysia, is alarming. This cross-sectional study aims to examine the association between social support and spiritual wellbeing in predicting suicidal ideation among Malaysian adolescents. METHODS: A total of 176 adolescents in selected urban areas in the states of Wilayah Persekutuan and Selangor were selected. The Suicide Ideation Scale (SIS) was used to measure the level of severity or tendency of suicidal ideation. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) was used to measure the perceived social support received by the respondent while the Spiritual Wellbeing Scale (SWBS) was used to measure the religious wellbeing (RWB), the existential wellbeing (EWB) and the overall score of spiritual wellbeing (SWB). RESULTS: The study found that both RWB and EWB showed significant negative correlation with suicidal ideation. Similarly, support from family and friends also showed a negative correlation with suicidal ideation. Further analysis using multiple regressions showed that RWB and SWB, and family support predict suicidal ideation in adolescents. CONCLUSION: Spiritual wellbeing in combination with family support plays a major role in predicting suicidal ideation. Therefore, intervention for encompassing spirituality and family support may contribute to a more positive outcome in suicidal adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Marginación Social/psicología , Apoyo Social , Espiritualidad , Ideación Suicida , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Amigos/psicología , Humanos , Malasia , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
17.
Nurse Educ Today ; 79: 135-141, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31128489

RESUMEN

In the present study, the purpose was to examine nursing students' spirituality and their sociodemographic and professional characteristics as the predictor of emotional labour. In the study, the descriptive cross-sectional and relational research design was used. The study was carried out with 167 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade students from the School of Health at a state university located in Southeast of Turkey. For the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics, correlations and stepwise multilinear regression analysis were used. The results revealed that spirituality (ß = 0.198), the average academic achievement score ranging between 80 and 100 (ß = 0.152), perception of the school atmosphere to be "poor" (ß = -0.367) and "average" (ß = -0.269, p = .048) and a) increasing one's motivation by doing his or her job (Yes) (ß = 0.154) and c) being in a peaceful environment (Yes) (ß = 0.188) for psychological relaxation were found to be important predictors for the sub-dimension of in-depth behaviours of the nurses (p < .05). For the sub-dimension of superficial behaviour, perception of the school atmosphere to be "poor" (ß = -0.204) was a statistically significant predictor (p < .05). As for the intimate behaviour, spirituality (ß = 0.254), c) being in a peaceful environment (Yes) for psychological relaxation (ß = 0.241) and gender (being female) (ß = 0.230) were statistically significant predictors (p < .05). In order for nursing instructors and nurses to manage the nursing students' emotional labour process well, an appropriate educational and clinic environment should be established. Also, strategies considering nursing students' spiritual values and development should be developed.


Asunto(s)
Emociones , Percepción , Espiritualidad , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Turquia
18.
Crit Care Nurs Q ; 42(3): 315-328, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135482

RESUMEN

The authors conducted an integrative review to determine evidence-based and most efficient strategies for improving the palliative care of patients at the end-of-life stage. Thirteen articles that met the overall inclusion criteria were evaluated. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flowchart approach was used for the screening process. The Critical Appraisal Skill Program and the Mixed-Methods Appraisal Tool were also used for the critical appraisal of the data. Full reports of relevant articles were retrieved, and data were extracted by 2 reviewers independently. The quality of studies was appraised in reference to Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research guidelines. Key aspects included communication and coordination among the team members-patient-centered approach. The major theme was the application of a holistic approach to palliative care consisting of providing comfort to the dying patient. It was identified that relationships, which were identified as spiritual needs, are also crucial to the improvement of palliative care. Improving nursing education in this area, undertaking appropriate curriculum development, and providing coordination among training programs will help knowledgeable health care providers deliver compassionate, affordable, sustainable, and high-quality care to a growing population of aging patients facing the end of their lives.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Enfermería Holística , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Humanos , Espiritualidad
19.
J Cross Cult Gerontol ; 34(2): 187-199, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073970

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between attitudes toward planning for end-of-life (EOL) care and social supports, spirituality, distrust of the US healthcare system, and acculturation; and to investigate a relationship between attitudes and communication of EOL wishes in Iranian-American older adults. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was used. Older adults (N = 135) were surveyed using Qualtrics online software. The participants were new immigrants to the U.S., highly educated, and insured with a generally positive self-reported health status. Of this sample, 47.4% reported that they communicated their EOL wishes orally or through written documentation. Favorable attitudes toward planning were associated with acculturation and healthcare system distrust, and, inversely, were negatively associated with spirituality. No significant association was found between attitudes and social support. Favorable attitudes predicted participants' communication of wishes. The findings can inform the provision of effective interventions to enhance culturally competent EOL care.


Asunto(s)
Planificación Anticipada de Atención/organización & administración , Comunicación , Asistencia Sanitaria Culturalmente Competente , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/psicología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud/etnología , Cuidado Terminal/organización & administración , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Irán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Apoyo Social , Espiritualidad , Estados Unidos
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 22(252): 2868-2874, maio.2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-998953

RESUMEN

Objetivo: conhecer e analisar a história espiritual dos pacientes. Métodos: Estudo transversal quantitativo e de intervenção. Foi aplicado o instrumento História Espiritual Abordagem Centrada na Pessoa (ACP); se fosse da vontade do paciente, era realizada uma intervenção religiosa pelos pesquisadores. Resultados: A amostra foi de 100 pacientes internados nas unidades de Clínica Médica Masculina e Feminina de um hospital, com média de idade de 55,73 anos (dp=16,49). A associação das características religiosas com a História Espiritual ACP obteve diferenças estatisticamente significativas. Conclusões: Os pacientes consideraram a fé importante na situação de doença e em outras épocas da vida. Entretanto, não tinham alguém no hospital para falar sobre assuntos religiosos. A intervenção religiosa proposta foi realizada na maioria dos pacientes e a oração Pai Nosso foi a intervenção mais escolhida. Características religiosas foram elementos relevantes e interferiram diretamente na História Espiritual ACP dos pacientes.(AU)


Objectives: to know and analyze the patient's spiritual history. Method: a cross-sectional quantitative and intervention study. Was applied the instrument Spiritual History Person-Centered Approach (PCA), and, if it's the patient's wish, a religious intervention were held by the researchers. Results: The sample consisted of 100 patients hospitalized at Internal Medicine units Male and Female of a hospital, with a mean age of 55.73 years (SD = 16.49), mostly male. The association of religious characteristics with Spiritual History PCA presented a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Patients considered faith important in the disease situation and at other times of life. However, they had no one in the hospital to talk about religious matters. Religious intervention proposed was performed in most patients and The Our Father prayer was the most chosen intervention. Religious characteristics were relevant elements and directly interfered in patient's spiritual history.(AU)


Objetivos: conocer y analizar la historia espiritual de los pacientes. Métodos: Estudio transversal cuantitativo y de intervención. Se aplicó el instrumento Historia Espiritual Enfoque Centrado en la Persona (ACP); si fuera de la voluntad del paciente, se realizaba una intervención religiosa por los investigadores. Resultados: La muestra fue de 100 pacientes internados en las unidades de Clínica Médica Masculina y Femenina de un hospital, con una media de edad de 55,73 años (dp = 16,49), la mayoría del sexo masculino. La asociación de las características religiosas con la Historia Espiritual ACP presentó diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Conclusiones: Los pacientes consideraran la fe importante en la situación de enfermedad y en otras épocas de la vida. Sin embargo, no había alguien en el hospital para hablar sobre asuntos religiosos. La intervención religiosa propuesta fue realizada en la mayoría de los pacientes y la oración Padre Nuestro fue la intervención más escogida. Las características religiosas fueron elementos relevantes e interfirieron directamente en la Historia Espiritual ACP de los pacientes.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Religión y Medicina , Cristianismo , Espiritualidad , Promoción de la Salud
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