Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.152
Filtrar
1.
Soc Work Public Health ; 35(7): 523-532, 2020 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970547

RESUMEN

The authors assert that art-based inquiry can serve as a powerful medium for understanding the connection between faith and resilience as perceived and understood by older African-Americans adults disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Utilizing the CRT method of counterstorytelling as our conduit to elucidate our culturally situated responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. We seek to explore the connections between faith and resilience in social work practice during this public health crisis. Drawing from our shared experiences as two Black social workers we discuss the role spirituality plays in mitigating loneliness and stress among socially isolated older African-American adults (i.e., social distancing). Finally, with physical contact limited (i.e., social distancing) because of COVID-19, implications and recommendations for using spiritual-based practices with older African-American adults and families are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Trabajadores Sociales/psicología , Espiritualidad , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Soledad , Narración , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Distancia Social , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
2.
Cuad Bioet ; 31(102): 203-222, 2020.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910672

RESUMEN

The crisis in the health system caused by COVID-19 has left some important humanitarian deficits on how to care for the sick in their last days of life. The humanization of the dying process has been affected in three fundamental aspects, each of which constitutes a medical and ethical duty necessary. In this study, I analyze why dying accompanied, with the possibility of saying goodbye and receiving spiritual assistance, constitutes a specific triad of care and natural obligations that should not be overlooked - even in times of health crisis - if we do not want to see human dignity violated and violated some fundamental rights derived from it.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Espiritualidad , Cuidado Terminal/ética , Deshumanización , Emociones , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Obligaciones Morales , Cuidados Paliativos , Comodidad del Paciente , Aislamiento de Pacientes/ética , Derechos del Paciente , Personeidad , Rol del Médico , Religión , Cuidado Terminal/métodos , Cuidado Terminal/psicología , Visitas a Pacientes
3.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 960-965, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844942

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE To relate anxiety and depression levels to the spirituality levels of oncology patients in the ABC region. METHODS Cross-sectional study performed at the ABC University Center oncology outpatient clinics. For the evaluation of spirituality, the Religiosity, Spirituality, and Personal Beliefs instrument of the World Health Organization (SRPB-WHO) was applied. To evaluate the levels of depression and anxiety, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was applied. Qualitative variables were described by frequency and percentage, and quantitative variables by mean and standard deviation or median and range. Relationships were established using either the T-test or Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and correlations with Pearson or Spearman tests, depending on the normality assessed by the Shapiro-Wilk test. RESULTS We included 99 patients, 68% female, with a median age of 60 years (19 to 81). A total of 24% had high or borderline levels of anxiety and 21% of depression. There was a negative correlation between levels of depression and spirituality (rho = -0.44, p <0.001), and anxiety and spirituality (rho=-0.232, p=0.02). We found no significant difference between levels of anxiety, depression, or spirituality when stratified by schooling, income, ethnicity, or marital status. There was a positive correlation between levels of anxiety and depression (cor = 0.477, p <0.001). CONCLUSION Spirituality can be a complementary tool in the treatment of patients with cancer.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Depresión , Neoplasias , Espiritualidad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/psicología
5.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e3, 2020 Jun 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634003

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented unprecedented health challenges across all strata in society throughout the world. The COVID experience has caused us to reflect on quality of life, health and well-being and, just as important, end of life. During this time, spiritual care forms a vital component of holistic health management, especially in terms of coping, coming to terms with illness, suffering and ultimately death. The relationship with the transcendent or sacred has a strong influence on a people's beliefs, attitudes, emotions and behaviour. Populations, communities, families and individuals have always found solace through their religious or philosophical beliefs during times of personal adversity and widespread anxiety or disaster. Although spiritual care has always been a part of the domain of religious beliefs, a more contemporary perspective is that spiritual care forms part of the human psyche and thus forms part of human care, health and well-being for families, patients and healthcare workers. Spiritual care deals with the provision of compassion and empathy during periods of heightened stress, distress and anxiety within care. This article provides insights into the necessity of providing spiritual care as a means of coping and well-being for families, patients and healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad , Adaptación Psicológica , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/terapia , Religión , Apoyo Social , Estrés Psicológico/prevención & control
6.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 60(3): e7-e11, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629084

RESUMEN

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis has amplified the importance of palliative care to countless patients suffering with and dying from this disease, as well as to their families, communities, and the worldwide cadre of overburdened health care workers. Particularly urgent is the need for spiritual care specialists and generalists to address spiritual suffering given the degree of isolation, loneliness, and vulnerability caused by this pandemic. Although spiritual care has long been recognized as one of the domains of quality palliative care, it is often not fully integrated into practice. All disciplines are ultimately responsible for ensuring that spiritual care is prioritized to improve quality of life and the experience of patients and families facing spiritual emergencies amid the complex life-and-death scenarios inherent to coronavirus disease 2019. Although the pandemic has revealed serious fault lines in many health care domains, it has also underscored the need to recommit to spiritual care as an essential component of whole-person palliative care.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Cuidados Paliativos/organización & administración , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Terapias Espirituales/organización & administración , Espiritualidad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Neumonía Viral/terapia
7.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 912-921, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663322

RESUMEN

Following the format put forth by Imber-Black and Roberts, I examine daily rituals, family traditions, holidays, and life cycle rituals during the pandemic of COVID-19. Marked by symbols capable of carrying multiple meanings, symbolic actions, special time and special place, and newly invented and adapted rituals are illustrated through stories of couples, families, and communities.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Ceremonial , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Familia/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Cuarentena/psicología , Espiritualidad , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Imaginación , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control
9.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 269-288, 2020.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643618

RESUMEN

The development of our techno civilization by the enormous increase of information flow and mobility signi ficantly increased conflicts of our time's spiritual streams. That means elevated burden of increased degree for people of weaker balance of mind. The political changes of the early of '90 made it possible to establish a department in the National Institute with a profile for treating mentally confused people being in some accented connection with spirituality: thus members gotten psychiatrically ill in various kinds of religions, new religious movements, and esote - ric flows. This was the Religion Psychological Psychiatric Department (VLPO). Here we had to elaborate a method of complex treatment being capable to deal with the spirituality even the gravest cases of patients with schizophrenia. We have to elaborate a common image of human personality, to build together the four dimensions of treatment, and to form an adequate complex therapeutic system according to the basic model of human archetypal development. We name all this process Reparenting.


Asunto(s)
Religión , Esquizofrenia/terapia , Adaptación Psicológica , Humanos , Personalidad , Espiritualidad
10.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-593119

RESUMEN

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad
11.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-609384

RESUMEN

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad
12.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 74(2): 141, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-544005

RESUMEN

Those of us who can come to work every day and provide emotional and spiritual support to the patients, families, staff, and to each other despite all challenges. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our ability to care. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our voices in using kind words, thoughts, sentiments, and prayers to comfort others and each other. Most importantly, COVID-19 has not broken us.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Cuidado Pastoral , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Humanos , Pandemias , Espiritualidad
13.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 70(Suppl 3)(5): S152-S156, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515399

RESUMEN

Infectious disease has killed more people than any other cause throughout history. The current pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has again revealed how vulnerable we remain. Muslims constitute the world's second-largest religious group, making up about a quarter of the world population. They have distinctive faith and culture, pertaining to their religious beliefs and practices that need special attention, in situations such as current COVID-19 pandemic. Congregational prayers are an indispensable part of Islamic culture. Performance of obligatory prayers in congregation is compulsory and mandatory for every Muslim adult male who has no excuse for not doing so. But, doing so during a pandemic can help in the spread of the COVID-19. Muslims look up to the Holy Qur'an and teachings of Prophet (PBUH) (Hadiths) for guidance under all the circumstances. In this review we will cover how Islamic teaching can guide us to manage pandemics like COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Islamismo , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Humanos , Masculino , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad
14.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 74(2): 141, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496947

RESUMEN

Those of us who can come to work every day and provide emotional and spiritual support to the patients, families, staff, and to each other despite all challenges. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our ability to care. COVID-19 has not robbed us of our voices in using kind words, thoughts, sentiments, and prayers to comfort others and each other. Most importantly, COVID-19 has not broken us.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Cuidado Pastoral , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Humanos , Pandemias , Espiritualidad
15.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(2): 149-163, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552584

RESUMEN

Increased attention of radiotherapy patients to religiousness and spirituality - a comparison with patients in a psychosomatic outpatient clinic Objectives: The aim of this study is to prove both hypothesis, that patients of radiation therapy are different to patients of a psychosomatic outpatient unit in case of their spirituality and religiosity and that these attitudes have an influence of their own lives. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, a data set of the Department of Psychosomatic and Psychotherapy of the University Hospital Münster in 2013 (n = 1110) was compared to data from 2017 by the Department of Radiation Therapy - Radiation oncology of the University Münster (n = 275) in terms of their religiosity and spirituality. The survey was carried out by a questionnaire on religious attitudes (FRA-RE, Heuft 2016). An age- and gender-controlled statistical analysis has been made by means of partial correlations and mean comparisons. Results: The results are consistent with the hypothesis that patients of radiotherapy, in contrast to psychosomatic patients, are more religious, more spiritual, show more private, but also public religious/spiritual practice, have a stronger desire for more religiosity in their lives and belief that religiosity helps to overcome times of crisis. Conclusions: Thus, it is of particular importance to provide this burdened patient clientele spiritual/religious offers for coping with their disease.


Asunto(s)
Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria , Neoplasias/psicología , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Pacientes Ambulatorios/psicología , Religión y Psicología , Espiritualidad , Atención , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Psychol Trauma ; 12(5): 455-456, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567874

RESUMEN

A series of 15-min videos were produced to provide resources to pastors in African-American communities to aid them in conveying accurate public and mental health information about COVID-19. Video presenters included trusted experts in public and mental health and pastors with considerable experience responding to the needs of the African-American community during the COVID-19 pandemic. Four culturally specific core themes to consider when providing care to African Americans who are at increased risk during the pandemic were identified: ritual disruption, negative reactions for not following public health guidelines, trauma, and culture and trust. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Afroamericanos , Clero , Información de Salud al Consumidor , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Control de Infecciones , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Trauma Psicológico , Espiritualidad , Adulto , Afroamericanos/etnología , Humanos , Internet , Trauma Psicológico/etnología , Confianza , Grabación en Video
18.
J. nurs. health ; 10(2): 20102003, mai.2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1099697

RESUMEN

Objetivo: conhecer e compreender a forma como a fé e espiritualidade se manifestam na vivência de pacientes que realizarão uma intervenção cirúrgica. Método: estudo qualitativo e exploratório, realizado com 20 pacientes internados em um hospital universitário no Sul do Brasil. As informações foram coletadas em setembro de 2019, através de instrumento semiestruturado e categorizadas por meio de análise temática. Resultados: o medo e a angústia são sentimentos frequentes entre pacientes submetidos a intervenções cirúrgicas. A fé e espiritualidade são recursos importantes de refúgio para amenizar esses sentimentos. Apesar disso, o cuidado espiritual é uma dimensão pouco explorada pelos profissionais de saúde. O amparo espiritual é recebido principalmente de amigos e familiares. Conclusões: sugere-se a inclusão do acolhimento espiritual no plano de cuidados para ampliar a qualidade do cuidado e o vínculo dos pacientes com os profissionais, visto que, compõe o cuidado em saúde.(AU)


Objective: to know and understand the way that faith and spirituality manifest itself in the experience of patients who will suffer a surgical intervention. Method: qualitative and exploratory study, with 20 patients from a universitary hospital in the southern Brazil. Information collected in September 2019, through semi-structured instrument. Results: the fear and anguish are frequent feelings among patients undergoing surgical interventions. Faith and spirituality are important refuge resources to ease these feelings. Despite this, spiritual care is a dimension little explored by health professionals. Spiritual support is received mainly from friends and family. Conclusions: the inclusion of spiritual welcome is suggested in care plan, to increase the quality of care and the bond of patient's to professionals, since it makes up health care.(AU)


Objetivo: conocer y comprender la forma en que la fe y espiritualidad se manifiestan en la experiencia de pacientes que realizarán una intervención quirúrgica. Métodos: estudio cualitativo y exploratorio, realizado con 20 pacientes ingresados en un hospital universitario del sur del Brasil. La información se reunió en septiembre de 2019, mediante instrumento semiestructurado y se clasificó mediante análisis temático. Resultados: el miedo y la angustia son sentimientos frecuentes entre los pacientes sometidos a intervenciones quirúrgicas. La fe y espiritualidad son importantes recursos de refugio para aliviar estos sentimientos. A pesar de esto, el cuidado espiritual es una dimensión poco explorada por los profesionales de la salud. El apoyo espiritual se recibe principalmente de amigos y familiares. Conclusiones: se sugiere incluir la recepción espiritual en el plan de atención para ampliar la calidad de la atención y el vínculo entre los pacientes con los profesionales, ya que constituyen la atención sanitaria. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cirugía General , Espiritualidad , Atención de Enfermería
19.
J Relig Health ; 59(5): 2430-2441, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424661

RESUMEN

Despite AI women's cancer disparities being a public health concern, a dearth of research on this populations' spiritual coping poses a barrier to redressing such disparities. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual and religious coping. This qualitative descriptive study included a sample of 43 AI women cancer survivors. Qualitative content analysis revealed that 93% of AI women cancer survivors used a variety of AI spiritual coping, religious coping, and/or a mixture of the two. Results reveal the prevalence of AI spiritual coping, with traditional AI spiritual practices being particularly common.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer , Indios Norteamericanos , Neoplasias , Adaptación Psicológica , Femenino , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Espiritualidad
20.
Health Psychol ; 39(7): 589-599, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378960

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) examine the relationships of 3 facets of spirituality (i.e., meaning, peace, faith), and their interaction, with depressive symptoms among Black, Latino, and White cancer survivors; and (b) test fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and social support (SS) as mediators of these relationships. METHOD: Data were analyzed from the American Cancer Society's Study of Cancer Survivors-I, a longitudinal population-based study of cancer survivors' quality of life. A national sample of Black (n = 194), Latino (n = 90), and White (n = 2,775) survivors of the top 10 incident cancers completed measures 1 year (Time 1, T1), 2 years (Time 2, T2), and 9 years (Time 3, T3) postdiagnosis. RESULTS: After controlling for T1 depressed mood and demographic and medical characteristics, T1 lower meaning and lower peace, but not faith, predicted greater depressive symptoms at T3 in the total sample. A significant interaction showed that higher faith predicted greater depressive symptoms specifically in the context of lower meaning. Race/ethnicity did not affect these relationships. FCR at T2 partially mediated the relationships of T1 meaning and peace with T3 depressive symptoms, and SS partially mediated the relationship between T1 meaning and T3 depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer survivors with greater meaning and peace appear better able to integrate the cancer experience into their lives. An interaction between T1 meaning and faith on T3 depressive symptoms replicated previous findings. Future research should treat spirituality as a multidimensional construct and focus on identifying and influencing malleable mechanisms of the associations between spirituality and mental health. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Depresión/etnología , Depresión/psicología , Neoplasias/psicología , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Espiritualidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA