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1.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 236-251, ene.-mar. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149243

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: el gobierno cubano dedica esfuerzos y recursos al perfeccionamiento de la labor del docente y la formación de los estudiantes en los diferentes niveles de enseñanza en temas relacionados con las habilidades para la vida desde la promoción para la salud, su concepción pedagógica, reflexiones y puntos de vista. Objetivo: analizar críticamente la evolución teórica y metodológica del desarrollo de las habilidades para la vida en estudiantes de la enseñanza media desde la promoción de salud. Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica crítica de tesis doctorales, maestrías, publicaciones de artículos originales y de revisión, publicados en la última década (2010-2020), en revistas nacionales e internacionales indexadas y en bases de datos reconocidas SciELO y Google Académico. Las principales palabras claves utilizadas fueron: habilidades para la vida, promoción de salud, estudiantes y educación médica. Desarrollo: posterior a la revisión bibliográfica realizada se analizó críticamente la evolución teórica y metodológica del desarrollo de las habilidades para la vida en estudiantes de la enseñanza media desde la promoción de salud, lo que permitió determinar vacíos existentes en la teoría, respecto a la temática motivo de estudio. Conclusiones: se determinó que existen insuficiencias en la problemática estudiada y se proponen nuevas consideraciones para su consecución.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the Cuban government dedicates efforts and resources to the improvement of the teacher's work and the training of students at different levels of education on issues related to life skills from health promotion, its pedagogical conception, reflections and points of view. Objective: to critically analyze the theoretical and methodological evolution of the development of life skills in high school students from health promotion. Methods: a critical bibliographic review of doctoral, master's degrees theses, publications of original and review articles published in the last decade (2010-2020), in indexed national and international journals and in recognized databases as SciELO and Google Scholar was carried out. The main keywords used were: life skills, health promotion, students and medical education. Development: after reviewing bibliography, the theoretical and methodological evolution of the development of life skills in high school students from health promotion was critically analyzed, this allowed determining existing gaps in the theory, regarding the subject reason for study. Conclusions: it was determined that there are shortcomings in the problem studied and new considerations are proposed for its achievement.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Educación Médica , Evaluación Educacional , Aprendizaje
2.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 221-235, ene.-mar. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149242

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: se carece de criterios uniformes para la evaluación de los residentes de Ortodoncia en los exámenes prácticos de promoción y estatal en los diferentes años de formación académica de la especialidad. Objetivo: diseñar guías evaluativas para las actividades prácticas de los exámenes de promoción y estatal que complementen el plan de estudio de la especialidad de Ortodoncia. Métodos: se desarrolló una investigación de desarrollo, con enfoque cualitativo, en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médica de Villa Clara en el período 2017-2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos y como empíricos: análisis documental del plan de estudio, entrevista a profesores, y grupos focal y nominal para la obtención de las ideas rectoras y la búsqueda de consenso; las guías evaluativas fueron valoradas a través del criterio de especialistas. Resultados: el diagnóstico realizado permitió comprobar que no está establecido un modelo oficial para evaluar las actividades prácticas en los exámenes de promoción, ni el estatal, en los residentes de Ortodoncia, lo que puede variar los criterios de evaluación. Se diseñaron guías evaluativas al efecto, en las que se detallan diferentes indicadores a lograr de acuerdo con los objetivos del programa, a los que se asignan determinadas puntuaciones con vistas a lograr mayor justeza. Conclusiones: las guías evaluativas diseñadas complementan el plan de estudio de la especialidad y fueron aceptadas por los especialistas quienes valoraron su pertinencia, utilidad y factibilidad de aplicación, en pos de lograr congruencia entre los criterios evaluativos tanto en exámenes de promoción como estatal.


ABSTRACT Background: there is a lack of uniform criteria for the assessment of Orthodontic residents in the end-of-year and state practical examinations in the different years of academic training of the specialty. Objective: to design assessment guides for the practical activities of the end-of-year and state exams that complement the study plan of the Orthodontics specialty. Methods: a development research was carried out, within the qualitative approach, at Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences Dentistry Faculty from 2017 to 2019. Theoretical and empirical methods were used: documentary analysis of the study plan, interviews with teachers, and focal and nominal groups to obtain the leading ideas and search for consensus; the evaluation guides were evaluated through the criteria of specialists. Results: the diagnosis made allowed to verify that an official model is not established to assess the practical activities neither in the end-of-year exams, nor in the state one, in the residents of Orthodontics, which can vary the evaluation criteria. Assessment guides were designed for this purpose, in which different indicators to be achieved according to the objectives of the program are detailed, to which certain scores are assigned in order to achieve greater fairness. Conclusions: the assessment guides designed complement the study plan of the specialty and were accepted by the specialists who assessed their relevance, usefulness and feasibility of application, in order to achieve congruence between the evaluation criteria in both the end-of-year and state exams.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Educación Médica , Evaluación Educacional , Aprendizaje
3.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 87-101, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149234

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: la preparación idiomática, según lo establecido por el Marco Común Europeo de Referencia (MCER), constituye una necesidad de primer orden en el proceso de formación y superación de los futuros profesionales de las ciencias médicas. Objetivo: diseñar un sistema de actividades para desarrollar habilidades comunicativas en idioma Inglés en los residentes de Estomatología. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en la Facultad de Estomatología entre enero 2018-diciembre 2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, analítico-sintético, inductivo-deductivo y sistémico-estructural; empíricos: análisis documental, encuesta en forma de cuestionario a estudiantes y entrevista a informantes clave. Resultados: el diagnóstico realizado demostró la necesidad de diseñar un sistema de actividades que incluye tres folletos: el primero, con actividades para la impartición de clases dirigido a profesores y estudiantes; el segundo, con respuestas a interrogantes y orientaciones metodológicas generales y un set de audiciones auténticas con sus transcripciones; y el tercero, ofrece ayuda a los estudiantes en su estudio individual. Conclusiones: el sistema de actividades diseñado se caracteriza por su flexibilidad y enfoque interdisciplinar, tiene en cuenta el desarrollo de las cuatro habilidades del idioma, las subhabilidades y sus funciones. Fue valorado de forma satisfactoria por los especialistas quienes reconocieron sus adecuadas pertinencia social y pedagógica, estructura lógica, factibilidad, originalidad y valor científico-pedagógico.


ABSTRACT Background: language preparation, as established by the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), constitutes a first order need in the process of training and updating future professionals in the medical sciences. Objective: to design a system of activities to develop communication skills in the English language in Dentistry residents. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the Dentistry Faculty from January 2018 to December 2019. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive and systemic-structural; empirical ones: documentary analysis, survey in the form of a questionnaire to students and interview with key informants. Results: the diagnosis showed the need to design a system of activities that includes three booklets: the first, with activities for teaching classes aimed at teachers and students; the second, with answers to questions and general methodological guidelines and a set of authentic auditions with their transcripts; and the third, offers help to students in their individual study. Conclusions: the designed activity system is characterized by its flexibility and interdisciplinary approach; it takes into account the development of the four language skills, sub skills and their functions. It was satisfactorily evaluated by specialists who recognized its adequate social and pedagogical relevance, logical structure, feasibility, originality and pedagogical-scientific value.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Enseñanza , Estrategias , Lenguaje , Manuales como Asunto
4.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 1-15, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149228

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: la resiliencia es un proceso dinámico y en equilibrio que involucra la combinación e interacción de factores de riesgo y protección entre los atributos del individuo y su ambiente familiar, social y cultural, lo que posibilita superar adversidades de forma constructiva. Objetivo: determinar los niveles de resiliencia de los estudiantes de primer año de la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, entre enero-marzo de 2020. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos y empíricos para la fundamentación de la investigación y recogida de la información. Se aplicó la Escala de Resiliencia de 14 ítems de Wagnild (RS-14). Los datos fueron procesados utilizando la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: se constató que la mayoría de los educandos presentaban resiliencia entre baja y normal. En el sexo femenino predominaron los mayores niveles de resiliencia alta y normal, mientras que el masculino presentó los más bajos. Los que obtuvieron un nivel alto mostraron estar preparados para las adversidades y aquellos que poseían resiliencia normal indicaron sentirse seguros en los momentos difíciles. Entre ellos los que ingresaron por la vía preuniversitario presentaron un menor nivel de resiliencia. Conclusiones: se determinó el nivel de resiliencia de los estudiantes de primer año de la carrera Estomatología por su importancia para emprender nuevas estrategias para su desarrollo, lo cual facilitaría una mejor calidad de vida de los estudiantes en el contexto universitario.


ABSTRACT Background: resilience is a dynamic and balanced process that involves the combination and interaction of risk and protection factors, that is, between the attributes of the individual and family, social and cultural environment, which enables them to overcome risk and adversity constructively. Objective: to determine the levels of resilience of the first year students of the dentistry degree. Methods: a descriptive and cross-sectional investigation was carried out at the Dentistry Faculty of Camagüey University of Medical Sciences, from January to March 2020. Theoretical and empirical methods were used to support the research and collect the information. Wagnild's 14-item Resilience Scale (RS-14) was applied. The data were processed using descriptive statistics. Results: It was found that most of the students presented resilience between low and normal. In the female sex, the highest levels of high and normal resilience predominated, while the male one presented the lowest. Those who obtained a high level showed to be prepared for adversity and those who possessed normal resilience indicated feeling safe in difficult times. Among them, those who entered through the pre-university presented a lower level of resilience. Conclusions: the level of resilience of the first-year students of the Dentistry degree was determined due to its importance in the individual adaptation of the students.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Estudiantes de Odontología
5.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 151, 2021 Mar 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685451

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The quarantine associated with the COVID-19 pandemic forced dental schools to suspend their clinical training and to shift to distant learning methods. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of quarantine on the self-perceived preparedness of dental graduates and to explore the efficacy of online education from students' perspectives. METHODS: The questionnaire distributed to dental students comprised of two main sections. The first part covered the online education experience, and the second part measured the level of self-perceived preparedness for a range of cognitive, communication and professional skills. RESULTS: The survey yielded a response rate of 72%. The majority of students (77%) agreed that they missed educational experiences as a result of the lockdown. More than half of them felt less motivated to follow-up with distant e-learning and believed that online assessment is not a good method for evaluation. A high percentage of the students (66%) thought that online group discussions had a positive value while 67% preferred online lectures compared to theatre lectures. Majority of students particularly 5th year (78.7%) (p < 0.001) stated that the quarantine increased their collaboration with their colleagues. According to 87% of students, the experience most negatively affected was their clinical training. In general, students showed satisfactory self-perceived preparedness related to a range of attributes and professional skills. CONCLUSIONS: The data showed that students partially appreciated the online system, whereas they did not consider it a substitute for face to face clinical practice. The overall self-perceived preparedness level was promising; however students had reservations regarding independent practice following graduation.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Educación en Odontología , Educación a Distancia/métodos , Pandemias , Competencia Profesional , Estudiantes de Odontología/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Jordania/epidemiología , Masculino , Motivación , Cuarentena , Autoimagen , Autoevaluación
6.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(3): 299-307, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723101

RESUMEN

Background: Dental professionals are prone to carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and other nerve-related disorders as they perform repetitive wrist work with static physical position for long hours. Objectives: To evaluate the relationship of thumb radial abduction angle with handgrip strength, hand dexterity, and CTS susceptibility among Saudi senior dental students and interns. The study also intends to compare thumb radial abduction angle based on the gender. Methods: A convenient sample of 100 Saudi dental students and interns participated in the study. Their handgrip strength, dexterity, and thumb radial abduction angle were measured by the use of Jamar dynamometer, nine-hole peg test, and goniometer, respectively. Questionnaires were distributed among the participants to assess CTS susceptibility and its association with thumb radial abduction angle. Regression analysis, Pearson's correlation, and independent t-test were performed to analyze the data. Results: A significant correlation between thumb radial abduction angle and handgrip strength was observed. An association of handgrip strength with CTS susceptibility was also found. No significant relationships were drawn considering hand dexterity. Handgrip strength and dexterity were found to be higher in males when compared to females, however, females were observed to be more susceptible to CTS. Conclusion: The study concludes a significant association between thumb radial abduction angle and handgrip strength that is further related with CTS. The results of the study can be used as a foundation for several academicians' research in this domain.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome del Túnel Carpiano , Pulgar , Femenino , Fuerza de la Mano , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Estudiantes de Odontología
7.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 28(1): 1-13, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33642318

RESUMEN

Background: Volunteering within the health-care sector is crucial during pandemics. This study aimed to assess the attitudes and perceptions of clinical medical and dental students in Lagos, Nigeria, about volunteering during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted amongst medical and dental students undergoing clinical postings at the two public universities in Lagos, Nigeria, using total population sampling. Data were collected using a web-based questionnaire and analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to test for association at the level of significance of 5%. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 23.3 years ± 2.6 standard deviation and 62.5% were females. The majority (82.9%) of the respondents agreed to volunteer if provided with adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) and if adequately trained to do so (79.3%). Although perceived as dangerous, the majority (91.2%) of the respondents considered volunteering during the COVID-19 pandemic as a form of educational experience. Compared to the final-year students, penultimate year students were more likely to volunteer in the event of a health manpower shortage. The final-year students were more likely to volunteer if government made the request. Female students were more likely than male students to volunteer even if they were not compensated but would require parental approval. Conclusion: Medical and dental students perceived their involvement during the COVID-19 pandemic as a form of educational experience but would require adequate training and PPE. There is a need to train and provide adequate PPE for them to function as volunteers.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Adulto , Actitud , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria/epidemiología , Pandemias , Percepción , Estudiantes de Odontología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Voluntarios , Adulto Joven
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(2): 262-268, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605918

RESUMEN

Objective: To assess the emotional intelligence and identify the perceived sources of stress among female dental students and interns at King Khalid University College of Dentistry (KKUCOD), to investigate whether specific stressors were related to the year of study and gender, and to evaluate the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and perceived stress (PS). Materials and Methods: Total of 150 female undergraduates from 5th and 6th years and dental interns were invited to complete a questionnaire using face-to-face interview. Data on EI was collected using a scale developed by Schutte et al. while a modified version of the Dental Environment Stress (DES) was applied to assess the stress perceived by dental students. Results: 120 students agreed to join the study with a response rate of 84%. Mean EI score for the sample was 120 (SD = 11.56), and the mean PS score was 70.37 (SD = 16.19). One-way ANOVA revealed a significant difference between different age groups and the educational, environmental score (P < 0.05). Correlational analysis showed that the PS scale and its factors correlated positively with each other (P < 0.01) and directly with the total EI score (P > 0.01); except for the living accommodation factor, negative correlations with overall EI score were significant. Conclusion: The present study showed that female interns and undergraduate students in clinical years of study at College of Dentistry reported higher EI and PS. The educational environmental score was found to be significantly different among different age groups. In contrary to most published literature, a direct association between EI and PS scores was found, except for the living accommodation factor. This might be attributed to the fact that the study was conducted 1 month prior to final exams. Living accommodation, personal factors, educational environment, academic work and clinical factors were identified as significant predictors of PS.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Universidades , Estudios Transversales , Inteligencia Emocional , Femenino , Humanos , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología
9.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 25(1): 50-55, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448597

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the utility of CAD/CAM technology as a self-assessment tool for preclinical waxing compared to traditional student self-assessment to evaluate preclinical work. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-seven students completed the wax-up of the maxillary left central incisor with the goal of recreating original anatomy and completed a traditional self-assessment. The original, unreduced cast and waxings were scanned with an intraoral scanner (E4D, Planmeca). Using CAD/CAM software (Compare, Planmeca), each waxing was superimposed over the original. Tolerance (250 µm) was set to illustrate under- and over-contoured areas, enabling visualisation of the waxing compared to original in three dimensions. Students then completed another self-assessment and an exit survey. RESULTS: Twenty-four per cent of self-assessment responses changed after using Compare Software. 20% changed from satisfactory to unsatisfactory. Four per cent changed from unsatisfactory to satisfactory. Greatest change in response occurred in the Incisal Edge (49%) rubric category. Interproximal Contact Area (3%) demonstrated least change in response. Seventy per cent strongly agreed that Compare Software enabled more effective assessment of Lingual Contour. Eight per cent strongly disagreed that Compare Software enabled more effective assessment of finishing. DISCUSSION: CAD/CAM software can improve student's critical self-assessment. Different rubric categories demonstrated differing rates of response change, indicating more critical of certain aspects of the waxing. Majority strongly agreed that the software enabled more effective self-assessment. CONCLUSION: CAD/CAM technology enhances student's learning in dental wax-up through improving self-assessment. This technology may improve teacher-student communication, reduce one-on-one teaching time and allow higher student-teacher ratio.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Odontología , Autoevaluación , Evaluación Educacional , Tecnología Educacional , Humanos , Estudiantes de Odontología
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-9, 2021. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1145369

RESUMEN

Objective: The aim of the study was to assessment of technical quality of 9562 endodontic cases treated by heterogeneous groups with different clinical experience. Material and methods: This retrospective study reviewed the dental records of 8590 patients (9562 endodontic cases and 13203 root canals including 3340 retreatment root canals) treated by fourth-year undergraduates, fifth-year undergraduates, endodontic program students, and endodontic specialists between December 2017 and December 2018 at the Department of Endodontics of Necmettin Erbakan University Faculty of Dentistry in Konya. The length, density, and taper of root fillings, the acceptable technical quality of the root filling criteria, and the presence of procedural errors, were recorded. Chi-square tests with a significance level at p=0.05 were used for statistical analysis. Results: Acceptable root fillings were found in 71.5% of endodontic cases. Clinical experience showed statistical differences in the root filling quality among fourth-year undergraduates, fifth-year undergraduates, endodontic program students, and specialists (52, 63.1, 77.9 and 86.5% respectively). Fractured instruments and missed canals were noted in 9.8% and 0.57% of cases treated by endodontic program students significantly more than the other clinical experiences. No statistical differences were found among the clinical experiences in other procedural errors. No statistically significant differences were found between age range and gender in additional root canals. Statistically significant differences were observed between the number of root canal retreatments in terms of age range and gender. Conclusions: Clinical experience affects the technical quality of root canal treatments. Fractured instruments and missed canals, especially by endodontic program students, should be given more attention. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a qualidade técnica de 9562 casos endodônticos tratados por grupos heterogêneos com diferentes experiências clínicas. Material e métodos:Este estudo retrospectivo revisou os registros dentários de 8590 pacientes (9562 casos endodônticos e 13203 canais radiculares, incluindo 3340 canais radiculares de retratamento) tratados por graduandos do quarto ano, graduandos do quinto ano, estudantes do programa endodôntico e especialistas em endodontia, entre dezembro de 2017 e dezembro de 2018 no Departamento de Endodontia da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Necmettin Erbakan em Konya. O comprimento, a densidade e a conicidade dos preenchimentos das raízes, a qualidade técnica aceitável dos critérios de preenchimento das raízes e a presença de erros processuais foram registrados. Os testes de qui-quadrado com nível de significância de p = 0,05 foram utilizados para análise estatística. Resultados:O preenchimento radicular aceitável foi encontrado em 71,5% dos casos endodônticos. A experiência clínica mostrou diferenças estatísticas na qualidade do preenchimento das raízes entre os alunos do quarto ano, do quinto ano, estudantes do programa endodôntico e especialistas (52, 63,1, 77,9 e 86,5%, respectivamente). Instrumentos fraturados e canais perdidos foram observados em 9,8% e 0,57% dos casos tratados pelos estudantes do programa endodôntico significativamente mais do que nas outras experiências clínicas. Não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre as experiências clínicas em outros erros processuais. Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre faixa etária e sexo em canais radiculares adicionais. Foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre o número de retratamentos do canal radicular em termos de faixa etária e sexo. Conclusões: A experiência clínica afeta a qualidade técnica dos tratamentos do canal radicular. Instrumentos fraturados e canais perdidos, especialmente por estudantes do programa endodôntico, devem receber mais atenção (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estudiantes de Odontología , Radiografía Dental , Cavidad Pulpar , Educación
11.
J Can Dent Assoc ; 86: k10, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326368

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Residents of long-term care (LTC) facilities face many oral health challenges, which are often complicated by their underlying medical conditions, use of medications and limited access to oral health care. OBJECTIVE: To determine to what extent accredited university-based dental and dental hygiene programs in Canada prepare students in the areas of geriatric oral health and oral health of LTC residents. METHODS: Accredited dental and dental hygiene programs across Canada were assessed for the degree of education and training that is presented to students on the oral health of LTC residents. A survey questionnaire, emailed to programs, was used to gather descriptive statistics (frequencies, means and standard deviations), and bivariate analysis (χ2 and t tests) was completed. A p value ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Representatives of all 4 dental hygiene and 9 out of 10 dental schools responded. All four dental hygiene and seven dental programs (77.8%, 7/9) stated that geriatric oral health is an integral part of their curriculum. The majority (91.6% [11/12], 4 dental hygiene and 7 of 9 dental schools) reported that their program educates students about medically, physically and cognitively compromised geriatric patients. Eight programs (3 dental hygiene and 5 dental schools), stated that they provide clinical training opportunities with LTC residents. However, some programs reported certain barriers preventing them from providing such clinical training opportunities. CONCLUSION: Oral health educational institutions must ensure that curricula are current and evidence-based to reflect the overall oral health needs of today's aging population.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Salud Bucal , Anciano , Canadá , Curriculum , Humanos , Estudiantes de Odontología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
J Can Dent Assoc ; 86: k11, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326369

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine and analyze the survival rates of dental implants placed by undergraduate dental students under supervision at the University of Alberta's School of Dentistry over a 10-year period. METHODS: Charts from patients who received either single or multiple dental implants between 1 January 2007 and 31 July 2017 were reviewed. Patients' age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class and implant site data were extracted and compiled for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Of 299 implants placed in 189 patients, 1 failed and required removal. CONCLUSION: In this study, the survival rate of implants placed over a 10-year period was 99.7%. Supervision by certified specialists, strict case selection criteria and maintenance and care protocols at the university's dental clinic likely contribute to the high survival rate.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudiantes de Odontología
13.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 511, 2020 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327957

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The transition from upper secondary to higher education and from higher education to professional practice requires that students adapt to new literacy practices, academic and professional. However, there is a gap of knowledge regarding literacy practices in dental education. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify what characterizes dental students' notetaking and secondarily to determine what dental students express regarding their notetaking. METHODS: To analyze students' perspectives about the purposes of notetaking and to examine their written notes in depth, three volunteer students, out of the 24 students that voluntarily and anonymously handed in their notes, were interviewed. The three undergraduate dental students that participated in this material-based, semi-structured interview study, framed within a New Literacy Studies approach, were on their third year (6th semester). The focus of these material-based interviews was on each student's notes. Questions prepared for semi-structured interviews were open-ended and allowed for individual follow-up questions related to the interviewee's answer. To analyze the outcome of the interviews a thematic analysis was used. RESULTS: From the material-based interviews eight themes that relate to what, how and for what purpose students write were discerned. These eight themes include professional vocabulary, core content as well as clinical examples that belong to what students read and write; multimodal accentuation as well as synthesis that belong to how students read and write; and mnemonic strategies, academic purposes, and professional purposes that belong to for what purpose students read and write. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from the interviews indicate that the digital development, offering a variety of available tools, has expanded the notion of notetaking. This study identified that dental students' notetaking has changed during their education from initially being synchronous, to also include multimodal and asynchronous writing, making notetaking more of a writing practice. Further, students' writing practices seem to be motivated by their knowledge formation in relation to a subject matter, but also in relation to their experiences during clinical training. Although, our hypothesis was that the main purpose of notetaking and writing was to pass their course examinations, this study showed that students that were half-way through their dental education, are aware that literacy practices are for learning for their future profession, and not only for passing their exams.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje , Estudiantes de Odontología , Escritura , Computadoras de Mano , Educación en Odontología/métodos , Humanos , Programas Informáticos , Suecia
14.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(6): 407-411, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378462

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Dental student's dental anxiety may negatively affect patient's attitude towards dental treatment. We evaluated dental anxiety among dental students in different clinical stage of their studies. We assessed the student's anxiety prior to treating patients. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. Fourth to sixth-year dental students completed questionnaires containing: 1) Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS); 2) Dental Fear Survey (DFS); and 3) visual analogue scale questions relating to the student's anxiety when performing dental treatments in children and adults. RESULTS: 124 dental students completed the questionnaires (mean age, 26.4±3.1 years, 59.7% women). Average DAS in the study population was 7.55±2.15 with similar scores observed across the years. Average DFS score was highest among fourth-year students (1.62±0.65) and lowest among sixth year students (1.36±0.32). DFS scores decreased as the students progressed through the clinical years (p=0.059). The students' average anxiety scores prior to treating children were significantly higher than the anxiety scores prior to treating adults (3.82±2.42 vs. 2.67±1.9, p<0.001). Fifth-year students had significantly higher anxiety scores prior to treating children and adults compared to fourth and sixth-year students. CONCLUSION: Dental anxiety among dental students is relatively low and decreases gradually as they progress through the clinical years. Anxiety prior to treating patients, particularly children, is at its highest just before starting to treat patients for the first time. As dental students are future healthcare providers, it is important that they learn techniques to help them manage their own dental anxiety and fear as well as deal with anxiety related to treating patients.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad al Tratamiento Odontológico , Estudiantes de Odontología , Adulto , Actitud , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Miedo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven
15.
GMS J Med Educ ; 37(7): Doc87, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33364366

RESUMEN

Objective: Primary outcome of this retrospective study was the comparison of state examination results under simulated treatment conditions in times of Covid-19 versus patient treatment under non-pandemic conditions. Additionally, correlation analysis was performed between students' self- and examiners' assessment of the treatment results. Methods: Within 4 hours, 22 examinees each had to place a multi-surface adhesive anterior and posterior restoration, performed an endodontic treatment on a maxillary premolar and a periodontal debridement of one quadrant. All treatments were performed on a model fixed in a phantom head. Compliance with the prescribed hygiene and social distancing guidelines and self-assessment of the practical performance was part of the practical examination as well. One examiner per examination part evaluated anonymously the final results. The historical control was based on the exam results of a cohort from 2019. Mean values (standard deviation), non-parametric correlations (Spearman's Rho) and group comparisons (Mann-Whitney) were calculated for statistical analysis. Results: Examination results under simulated treatment conditions were significantly worse (p<0.05) than in the cohort that took their state exam in patients, with exception of the endodontic partial exam. The overall scores in restorative dentistry and periodontology of both groups, which include a structured theoretical examination, did not differ. The majority of the candidates rated their performance worse than the examiners, and there was no correlation between self- and third-party assessment. Conclusion: In the comparison of two years, a simulated practical examination without patients in restorative dentistry, endodontics and periodontology resulted in matchable results compared with an examination on patients. Equal conditions for the candidates resulting in better comparability and avoidance of ethical dilemmas of patient treatment under examination conditions could also be arguments towards a state examination under phantom conditions in the future.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Educación en Odontología/organización & administración , Educación a Distancia/organización & administración , Evaluación Educacional/estadística & datos numéricos , Odontólogos/educación , Educación en Odontología/normas , Educación a Distancia/normas , Evaluación Educacional/normas , Endodoncia/educación , Humanos , Modelos Anatómicos , Pandemias , Autoevaluación , Estudiantes de Odontología
16.
Edumecentro ; 12(4): 188-207, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142857

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: los valores son fuentes enriquecedoras de la personalidad de los futuros egresados de los centros de educación médica superior. Es necesario determinar la percepción que tienen los estudiantes de Estomatología sobre los que deben desarrollar para la profesión y como seres sociales. Objetivo: elaborar acciones metodológicas para la capacitación de los docentes sobre la formación y consolidación de los valores que deben caracterizar a los estudiantes, a partir del modelo del profesional desde la gestión sociocultural. Métodos: se realizó una investigación en la Facultad de Estomatología durante el curso 2018-2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inductivo-deductivo y el enfoque sistémico; empíricos: análisis documental, encuesta a estudiantes y la observación. Resultados: el análisis de los métodos aplicados permitió determinar la percepción que tienen los estudiantes de Estomatología sobre los valores que deben desarrollar para la profesión y como seres sociales, las prioridades que otorgan a los valores compartidos y a los deseados enunciados en el Reglamento General de los Servicios Estomatológicos y el modelo del profesional. Las irregularidades identificadas constataron la necesidad de continuar la formación de valores, por lo que se proponen acciones metodológicas para la preparación de los docentes, las que fueron valoradas por criterios de especialistas. Conclusiones: en las acciones propuestas se incluyen la utilización de recursos culturales y los valores inherentes a la personalidad del estomatólogo cubano, para lograr un enfoque humanista novedoso. Fueron valoradas como adecuadas para su aplicación en el contexto para el que fueron creadas.


ABSTRACT Background: values ​​are enriching sources of the personality of future graduates of Higher Medical Education Centers. It is necessary to determine the perception that Dentistry students have about what they must develop for the profession and as social beings. Objective: to develop methodological actions for the training of teachers on the formation and consolidation of the values ​​that must characterize students based on the professional model, through social-cultural management. Methods: an investigation was carried out at the Dentistry Faculty during the 2018-2019 academic year. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis, inductive-deductive and the systemic approach; empirical: documentary analysis, student survey and observation. Results: the analysis of the applied methods allowed determining the perception that dentistry students have about the values ​​that they must develop for the profession and as social beings; the priorities that they give to shared ​​and desired values ​​set forth in the General Regulation of Dental Services and the professional model. The irregularities identified confirm the need to continue the formation of values, for which methodological actions are proposed for the preparation of teachers, which were evaluated by specialist´s criteria. Conclusions: the proposed actions include the use of cultural resources and the values ​inherent to the personality of the Cuban dentist, to achieve a novel humanistic approach. They were assessed as suitable for their application in the context for which they were created.


Asunto(s)
Valores Sociales , Estudiantes de Odontología , Educación Médica
17.
Edumecentro ; 12(4): 170-187, oct.-dic. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142856

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: la integración es tendencia e imperativo en la enseñanza universitaria de las ciencias, lo que ha suscitado cambios en los diseños curriculares. Objetivo: implementar acciones pedagógicas para elevar la integración básico-clínica de los contenidos del Curso propio Interpretación del proceso inflamatorio pulpar y del dolor, en estudiantes de tercer año de la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos: se desarrolló una investigación de desarrollo con enfoque cualitativo en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, desde marzo 2017-marzo 2018. Los métodos teóricos utilizados fueron: inducción-deducción y análisis-síntesis los que sirvieron para la fundamentación teórica; y empíricos: revisión documental, entrevistas a estudiantes y valoración por especialistas a través de talleres de opinión crítica y construcción colectiva. Se realizó en tres etapas: revisión documental, definición de las acciones pedagógicas, e implementación y evaluación. Resultados: las acciones implementadas incluyeron la preparación de los docentes para afrontar un proceso enfocado hacia la integración básico-clínica, el intercambio permanente con otros profesionales de especialidades clínicas, el trabajo metodológico en función de la integración básico-clínica basada en el establecimiento de los nexos entre contenidos y con la utilización de la enseñanza basada en problemas, el diseño de evaluaciones integradoras y el trabajo investigativo de los estudiantes dirigido a mostrar la relevancia del conocimiento básico para la práctica clínica. Conclusiones: las acciones pedagógicas diseñadas fueron valoradas por los especialistas como adecuadas para elevar la vinculación básico-clínica, porque constituyen una herramienta didáctica en el necesario proceso de la integración en la educación médica cubana.


ABSTRACT Background: integration is a trend and imperative in university science teaching, which has led to changes in curricular designs. Objective: to implement pedagogical actions to increase the basic-clinical integration of the contents of the course Interpretation of the inflammatory Process and Pain of the Pulp in third-year students of the Dentistry degree. Methods: a development investigation with a qualitative approach was carried out at the Faculty of dentistry of Camagüey University of Medical Sciences, from March 2017 to March 2018. The theoretical methods used were: induction-deduction and analysis-synthesis for the theoretical foundation; and empirical ones: documentary review, interviews with students and assessment by specialists through critical opinion and collective construction workshops. It was carried out in three stages: documentary review, definition of pedagogical actions, and implementation and evaluation. Results: the implemented actions included the preparation of teachers to face a process focused on basic-clinical integration, permanent exchange with other professionals from clinical specialties, methodological work based on basic-clinical integration based on the establishment of the links between contents and with the use of problem-based teaching, the design of integrative evaluations and the research work of students aimed at showing the relevance of basic knowledge for clinical practice. Conclusions: the pedagogical actions designed were valued by the specialists as adequate to increase the basic-clinical link, because they constitute a didactic tool in the necessary process of integration in Cuban medical education.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Estrategias , Educación Médica
18.
Edumecentro ; 12(4): 155-169, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142855

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: la opinión de los estudiantes es solo un elemento entre varios a considerar al evaluar el desempeño docente, pero contribuye a la rendición de cuentas y a la elevación de la calidad de la formación profesional en la educación médica. Objetivo: valorar la percepción de los estudiantes de cuarto año de la carrera Estomatología sobre el desempeño docente en el curso optativo Actividad Deportiva y Salud Bucodental en la Adolescencia. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, entre los meses de febrero a julio del curso 2018-2019, en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Sancti Spíritus. Se aplicaron métodos teóricos para la fundamentación de la investigación; empíricos: encuesta en forma de cuestionario y métodos estadísticos. Se aplicó una escala adictiva tipo Likert constituida por 11 ítems ante los cuales se solicitó al estudiante su opinión sobre el profesor en el desarrollo del proceso enseñanza aprendizaje. Resultados: el desempeño docente del profesor en el curso optativo Actividad Deportiva y Salud Bucodental en la Adolescencia fue valorado favorablemente según la percepción de los alumnos, con predominio de las categorías Muy de acuerdo y De acuerdo en cada uno de los ítems, solo la literatura científica suficiente y actualizada proporcionada por el profesor mostró algunas opiniones En desacuerdo. Conclusiones: esta experiencia constituyó una herramienta para el perfeccionamiento continuo del profesor y la formación con calidad de los estudiantes, lo que repercute en una mejor atención estomatológica a la población.


ABSTRACT Background: the opinion of the students is only one element among several to consider when evaluating teaching performance, but it contributes to accountability and to raising the quality of professional training in medical education. Objective: to assess the perception of fourth-year students of the Dentistry degree on the teaching performance in the elective course Sports Activity and Oral Health in Adolescence. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out from February to July of the 2018-2019 academic year, at the Sancti Spíritus University of Medical Sciences. Theoretical methods were applied to support the research work; empirical ones: survey in the form of a questionnaire and statistical methods. An addictive Likert-type scale was applied, consisting of 11 items before which the student was asked his opinion about the teacher in the development of the teaching-learning process. Results: the teacher's teaching performance in the elective course Sports Activity and Oral Health in Adolescence was favorably evaluated according to the perception of the students, with a predominance of the categories Strongly agree and Agree in each of the items, only the sufficient and updated scientific literature provided by the professor showed some opinions of disagreement. Conclusions: this experience constituted a tool for the continuous improvement of the teacher and the quality training of the students, which has repercussions in better dental care for the population.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Educación Médica , Docentes de Odontología , Actividad Motora
19.
Edumecentro ; 12(4): 141-154, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142854

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: diseñar materiales educativos que transmitan mensajes claros y adecuados constituye uno de los objetivos de la promoción de salud bucal en Cuba. Objetivo: valorar los plegables educativos dirigidos a la promoción de la salud bucal diseñados por estudiantes en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara durante el mes de febrero de 2020. La investigación resultó de la participación de los estudiantes en el concurso en saludo al Día Mundial de la Salud Bucodental. Se seleccionaron 16 plegables intencionalmente, los cuales fueron valorados según el instrumento de pautas específicas desarrollado por la Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: escala valorativa; y matemáticos estadísticos. Resultados: los puntajes obtenidos indicaron que se deben usar como están diseñados el 37,5 % de los plegables; en el resto los evaluadores indicaron realizar reformas necesarias. Se exponen recomendaciones sobre la redacción de plegables en salud bucodental en cuatro áreas: tema, contenido, legibilidad lingüística del texto y legibilidad tipográfica, según la bibliografía revisada. Conclusiones: los plegables educativos elaborados por los estudiantes en su mayoría necesitan reformas para ser utilizados; no obstante, constituyen herramientas útiles en las que la creatividad y el respeto a su metodología de diseño emergen como fortalezas en la preparación de materiales que tengan como finalidad la promoción de la salud bucodental.


ABSTRACT Background: designing educational materials that convey clear and appropriate messages constitutes one of the objectives of the promotion of oral health in Cuba. Objective: to assess the educational folders aimed at promoting oral health designed by students at the Dentistry Faculty Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Dentistry Faculty of Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences during the month of February 2020. The research was the result of the participation of the students in the contest in greeting to World Day of Oral Health. 16 foldable items were intentionally selected, which were evaluated according to the specific guidelines instrument developed by the Pan American Health Organization. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and inductive-deductive; empirical ones: rating scale; and statistical mathematics. Results: the scores indicated that 37.5% of the folding should be used as designed; in the rest, the evaluators indicated necessary reforms. Recommendations on the folding drafting in oral health are presented in four areas: subject, content, linguistic readability of the text and typographic readability, according to the reviewed bibliography. Conclusions: the educational folders developed by the students mostly need reforms to be used; however, they constitute useful tools in which creativity and respect for their methodology design emerge as strengths in the preparation of materials that are intended to promote oral health.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Materiales de Enseñanza , Servicios de Salud Dental , Educación Médica , Promoción de la Salud
20.
Edumecentro ; 12(4): 73-88, oct.-dic. 2020.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142850

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: la enseñanza de estrategias de aprendizaje constituye una vía para lograr un pensamiento que promueva la ejecución independiente y creadora del alumno. Objetivo: diseñar una estrategia didáctica destinada a favorecer el desarrollo de estrategias de aprendizaje afectivo-motivacionales en los estudiantes de Estomatología desde la disciplina Morfofisiología. Métodos: se realizó una investigación observacional descriptiva transversal en la Facultad de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey, durante el período septiembre 2016-junio 2017. Se aplicaron métodos teóricos generales y entre los empíricos: tres cuestionarios a estudiantes, entre ellos: el de autoinforme Motivación académica y estrategias de aprendizaje y la Escala de Estrategias de Aprendizaje ACRA-A. Resultados: se realizó un diagnóstico del estado actual del desarrollo de estrategias de aprendizaje afectivo-motivacionales en los estudiantes de primer año de Estomatología, lo que permitió determinar que existen fortalezas y debilidades en cuanto a la problemática investigada, a partir de las cuales se diseñó una estrategia didáctica concebida en cuatro etapas, cada una de ellas contiene un conjunto de acciones a desarrollar. Fue valorada por criterio de especialistas a través del método de talleres de opinión crítica y construcción colectiva. Conclusiones: los especialistas consultados la consideraron adecuada para su aplicación porque constituye un valioso instrumento para favorecer el desarrollo de estrategias de aprendizaje afectivo-motivacionales, lo que influirá de manera positiva en el proceso de aprendizaje en la Morfofisiología.


ABSTRACT Background: the teaching of learning strategies contributes to achieve a way of thinking that promotes the independent and creative performance of the student. Objective: to design a didactic strategy aimed to favor the development of affective-motivational learning strategies in Dentistry students through the Morphology-physiology discipline. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive observational research work was carried out in the Faculty of dentistry of Camagüey University of Medical Sciences, from September 2016 to June 2017. General theoretical methods were used and among the empirical ones: three questionnaires to students, among them: the self-report Academic motivation and learning strategies and the ACRA-A Learning Strategies Scale. Results: a diagnosis was made of the current state of the development of affective-motivational learning strategies in first-year Dentistry students, which allowed determining that there are strengths and weaknesses in terms of the investigated problem, from which it was designed a didactic strategy conceived in four stages, each one containing a set of actions to be developed. It was assessed by the criteria of specialists through the method of critical opinion workshops and collective construction. Conclusions: the specialists consulted considered it adequate for its implementation because it constitutes a valuable instrument to favor the development of affective-motivational learning strategies, which will positively influence the learning process in Morphology-physiology.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Odontología , Estrategias , Condicionamiento Psicológico , Educación Médica , Aprendizaje
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