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1.
Orv Hetil ; 161(4): 139-150, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955584

RESUMEN

Introduction: Comprehensive predictors of first-year students' academic performance, including pre-university experience, can be found at both individual and infrastructural levels that can be measured and used to increase academic performance and contribute to student mental health. Aim: To study the characteristics of students who are beginning their studies in medical, dental, pharmacy and health care organization. Method: Analysis of a database obtained through questionnaire data among first-year Semmelweis University students (n = 550). Significant explanatory variables influencing student performance were determined by logistic regression. Results: Different faculties and prestige channels have different success factors and student needs, the fulfillment of which also serves the maintenance of student mental health. Two groups were defined: (i) factors independent of age (perseverance value, religious belief, WHO value of well-being, importance of sport, trust), (ii) faculty-specific factors (Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry: parental influence on learning; Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences: the importance of relationships is high; Faculty of Health Sciences: parental qualifications are decisive). Conclusion: At the start of a student's life, measurements can uncover factors that, if learned, can facilitate later successful studies, preventing early school leaving. During the course of studies, these features can be monitored continuously, so that the necessary interventions can be made to ensure student success. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(4): 139-150.


Asunto(s)
Éxito Académico , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Investigación Empírica , Humanos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 154-160, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1048306

RESUMEN

Objetivo: investigar o conhecimento sobre primeiros socorros de estudantes da área de ciências biológicas e da saúde de uma universidade pública brasileira. Método: estudo transversal, quantitativo, tendo como população-alvo a totalidade de formandos dos cursos de graduação da área de ciências biológicas e da saúde de uma instituição de ensino superior(n= 219). Resultados: do total de acadêmicos concluintes,146 (67%) responderam o questionário, constatou-se que dos oito cursos, dois não possuíam abordagens relacionadas à temática de primeiros socorros. Apenas 17,1% dos estudantes se avaliam preparados para atuarem frente a algumas situações. Conclusão: o número de graduandos em áreas relacionadas a saúde despreparados para agir frente a situações emergenciais frequentes no cotidiano foi expressivo, constituindo-se como insegurança para a sociedade em geral, e questionamento quanto as ofertas de ensino


Objective: the study's goal has been to investigate the knowledge regarding first aid of undergraduate students enrolled in Health Graduation Courses of a Brazilian Public University. Method: it is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach having all the undergraduate students in the biological sciences and health area as the target population (n=219). Results: considering the total number of academics, 146 (67%) answered the questionnaire, and it was found that out of the eight courses, two did not contemplate the first aid topic. Only 17.1% of the students have assessed themselves as prepared to deal with some emergency situations. Conclusion: the number of undergraduates in health-related areas unprepared to act when facing frequent emergencies in daily life was considered expressive, then representing insecurity for society in general, and raising doubts about the teaching approach


Objetivo: investigar el conocimiento sobre primeiros auxilios de estudiantes del área de ciencias biológicas y de salud de una universidad pública brasileña. Enel caso de los alumnos de la escuela primaria, los alumnos de la escuela primaria de enseñanza superior (n = 219). Resultados: del total de académicos concluyentes, El 67%) respondieron el cuestionario, se constató que de los ocho cursos, dos no tenían enfoques relacionados com la temática de primeiros auxilios. Sóloel 17,1% de los estudiantes se evalúan preparados para actuar frente a algunas situaciones. Conclusión: el número de graduandos en áreas relacionadas com la salud despreparados para actuar frente a situaciones emergentes frecuentesenel cotidiano fue expresivo, constituyéndose como inseguridad para la sociedade en general, y cuestionamiento encuanto a las ofertas de enseñanza


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Conocimiento , Primeros Auxilios , Brasil
3.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(7): 914-921, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859990

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy refers to people's expectations about personal resources available for goal achievement. Higher self-efficacy expectations are correlated with higher academic performance. AIM: To analyze the psychometric properties of the Academic Behavior Self-Efficacy Scale (ABSES) and to describe Self-efficacy expectations of students from health-related careers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A non-probabilistic sample of 479 first- and second-year students from Nursing, Physiotherapy, Medicine, Nutrition and Medical Technology in a public university in Chile, answered the ABSES. Results were analyzed by Exploratory Factor Analysis and its reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Also a descriptive analysis and a non-parametric relational analysis were performed. RESULTS: Two factors were identified: Attention and Participation. Attention obtained significantly higher scores than Participation (p < 0.001). Compared to their second-year counterparts, first year students had higher scores in Attention (p < 0.001) and Participation (p < 0.01). Medicine students had higher scores in Participation than students from other careers. CONCLUSIONS: A two factor solution was identified for ABSES. Surveyed students had a predominantly passive Self-efficacy, focused in attention. Also, a reduction in self efficacy was noted among second year students.


Asunto(s)
Autoeficacia , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Chile , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometría , Universidades , Adulto Joven
4.
Clin Ter ; 170(6): e448-e453, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696908

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Despite vaccines are the most successful public health interventions for prevention of infectious diseases "vaccine hesitancy" spreads today across the world. Despite attitudes of future generations of HCWs is fundamental, these aren't much analysed in the literature. The aim of our research was a) to evaluate attitudes and behaviours reported towards vaccinations among a sample of university students in the health area, b) to know their vaccination status and intention to get vaccines and c) investigate their propensity to vaccinate (who and with which vaccines). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated a sample of university students of the health area of University of Messina through an anonymous face to face questionnaires based on HProimmune survey appropriately modified, analysing presence of statistical difference between gender. All analyses were carried out using EPI INFO software. RESULTS: Our study showed a general lack of confidence and insecurity towards vaccination by future HCWs and absent perception of the risk of acquire a vaccine preventable disease as they also demonstrate low vaccination coverage in our sample. Their opinion about awareness of recommended vaccines for HCWs also was low, however, they thought that vaccinations should be a prerequisite for healthcare professionals to work in healthcare area. Also, we observed that 96% of respondents would recommend vaccinations to their patients, with a greater propensity of women. CONCLUSIONS: The motivations of vaccine hesitancy are many and maybe other studies would help policymakers and stake-holders to shape programs to improve vaccination coverage among students and HCWs.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Vacunación , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
5.
J S Afr Vet Assoc ; 90(0): e1-e8, 2019 Oct 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714110

RESUMEN

Understanding the knowledge and perceptions of veterinary students of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as potential future prescribers of antimicrobials may serve as an opportunity to improve stewardship of AMR. Pre-final (n = 42) and final (n = 29) year veterinary students of the University of Pretoria completed questionnaires to determine their knowledge and perceptions of AMR. Of the 71 respondents, mixed practice (48%) and small animal practice (45%) were the most preferred career choices post-graduation, with the field of gross pathology being the least preferred. Over 80% of the respondents believed that veterinary practitioners' misuse of antimicrobials contributes to AMR and a higher percentage (98.6%) believed that farmers' misuse of antimicrobials encourages the development of AMR, in particular, in food animals (60.6%) compared to companion animals (50.7%). Agreement in the ranking of abuse of antimicrobials between pre-final and final year students was fair (36.4%; kappa 0.3), and the most abused antimicrobials in descending order listed by the students were tetracyclines, penicillins, sulphonamides and aminoglycosides. There was wide disparity between training and potential field application, as well as variations in the correct matching of antimicrobials to their respective antibiotic classes. Responses to the clinical application of antimicrobials also varied widely. Despite the apparent teaching of AMR to veterinary students, gaps may exist in the translation of theoretical concepts to clinical applications, hence the need for focused and targeted antimicrobial prescription and stewardship training to bridge these potential identified gaps.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Adulto , Animales , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Selección de Profesión , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Sudáfrica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Medicina Veterinaria , Adulto Joven
6.
Metas enferm ; 22(9): 16-26, nov. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-185038

RESUMEN

Objetivo: describir la percepción que tienen los estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud acerca de las personas con problemas de salud mental e identificar los factores que se relacionan con dichas atribuciones. Método: estudio descriptivo transversal llevado a cabo en 2018. La muestra estaba formada por estudiantes de Enfermería y Fisioterapia del Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud San Rafael-Nebrija de Madrid (España). Se recopilaron variables identi- ficativas del sujeto de estudio y se utilizó el cuestionario de Atribución AQ-27, que consta de 27 ítems y nueve factores que informan sobre responsabilidad, piedad, ira, peligrosidad, miedo, ayuda, coacción, segregación y evitación. Se realizaron análisis uni y bivariantes. Resultados: participaron 262 estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud, 67,8% (n= 177) del Grado de Enfermería y 32,2% (n= 84) del Grado de Fisioterapia. El 77,4% (n= 202) era mujer. La edad osciló entre 18-45 años. El 9,3% tenía formación en salud mental, el 9,9% experiencia laboral en el área, el 23,3% presentó antecedentes familiares en trastornos de salud mentaly el 7% antecedentes personales. Los valores medios (desviación estándar) más altos los presentaron en los factores "ayuda" 7,66 (1,37), "coacción" 6,56 (1,62) y "piedad" 6,51 (1,36). Los más bajos en "ira" 3,41 (1,79) y "responsabilidad" 2,50 (1,35). Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p< 0,05) en ira y ayuda respecto al título de Grado; en segregación respecto a la formación previa en salud mental; y en peligrosidad, miedo, ayuda, segregación y evitación respecto a antecedentes personales en salud mental. Conclusiones: los estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud destacan en las dimensiones de ayuda, piedad y coacción; y obtienen valores más bajos en ira y responsabilidad. La formación previa en salud mental influye sobre el factor segregación. La presencia de antecedentes personales en salud mental influye sobre los factores miedo, peligrosidad, ayuda, segregación y evitación


Objective: to describe the perception by Health Sciences students of persons with mental health problems, and to identify the factors associated with said attributions. Method: a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted on 2018. The sample included Nursing and Physical Therapy students from the Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud San Rafael-Nebrija from Madrid (Spain). Identification variables of the study subject were collected, and the AQ-27 Attribution Questionnaire was used, which consists of 27 items and nine factors informing about Blame, Anger, Pity, Dangerousness, Fear, Help, Segregation, Coercion and Avoidance. Univariate and bivariate analyses were carried out. Results: the study included the participation of 262 Health Sciences students: 67.8% (n= 177) from Nursing and 32.2% (n= 84) from Physical Therapy; 77.4% (n= 202) were female. There was an 18-to-45-year-old age range; 9.3% had mental health training, 9.9% had working experience in the area, 23.3% presented a family background with mental health disorders, and 7% had a personal background. The highest mean values (standard deviation) were present in the following factors: "help" with 7.66 (1.37), "coercion" with 6.56 (1.62), and "pity" with 6.51 (1.36). The lowest values (p≤ 0.05) were found in "anger" with 3.41 (1.79) and "blame" with 2.50 (1.35). Statistically significant differences were found in Anger and Help in terms of the type of degree; in Segregation in terms of previous training in Mental Health; and in Dangerousness, Fear, Help, Segregation and Avoidance in terms of personal mental health background. Conclusions: Health Sciences students stood out in the Help, Pity and Coercion dimensions, and obtained lower values in Anger and Blame. Previous training in mental health had impact on the Segregation factor. The presence of personal background in mental health had impact on these factors: Fear, Dangerousness, Help, Segregation and Avoidance


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Estigma Social , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Salud Mental
7.
Eur. j. anat ; 23(6): 447-452, nov. 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-185087

RESUMEN

Anatomy is a key area of knowledge relevant to many disciplines and cadaveric dissection is a popular and effective option for anatomy teaching for many disciplines. Much of the previous re-search into how students learn from cadaveric dissection involves students of medicine. This paper revisits key findings reporting research involving medical students outlining the complexity of the issues raised in learning anatomy through cadaveric dissection. We also present the findings from a small-scale qualitative study, which aimed to explore students from a range of disciplines about their experiences of learning anatomy from human cadavers, conducted over a 12 month period at the University of Sheffield, UK. This included eight first-year medical students, one first-year dentistry student, two students from a post graduate course in the Department of Archaeology, and two second-year biomedical science (BMS) students. The study provides important information about students, including those outside medicine, and their experiences of learning anatomy from cadaveric dissection. Students could observe anatomical variation and learn though the multisensory experience of dissection. Overall, cadaveric dissection was viewed positively although there was one exception. The most important findings are that there was no suggestion that students objectified the body, and this is in contrast to previous work in the area. In fact, students disliked the aspect of pro-sections that meant that they were disconnected from their human bodies. The second important finding is the similarities of perceptions across disciplines, and this is a departure from previous re-search, which focuses on medical students. We make some tentative suggestions for the preparation and support for students learning anatomy from cadaveric dissection


No disponible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Aprendizaje , Anatomía/educación , Cadáver , Disección , Empleos en Salud/educación , Análisis Cualitativo , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos
8.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 41(5): 250-257, sept.-oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183934

RESUMEN

Introducción: La empatía es un concepto importante en la interacción entre el profesional fisioterapeuta y el paciente, y contribuye a una mejor atención del mismo. La formación empática en estudiantes de fisioterapia debe ser asumida por las universidades desde el primer año de estudio por el carácter complejo de este atributo; sin embargo, cualquier intervención debe estar precedida por un diagnóstico empático exhaustivo. Objetivo: Determinar los niveles de empatía y de sus componentes en estudiantes de fisioterapia según los factores curso y género. Material y métodos: Estudio exploratorio y de corte transversal. Se estudió una muestra de 191 estudiantes. Los datos de empatía fueron recogidos mediante la aplicación de la escala de empatía de Jefferson. Fueron estimadas la mediana, los cuartiles 1 y 3, la diferencia intercuartílica y el intervalo de confianza de la mediana. Se estudiaron las posibles diferencias en la empatía y sus componentes mediante pruebas no paramétricas (mediana de Mood). Resultados: Hubo diferencias en la empatía y en el componente cuidado con compasión en el factor curso. Se manifiesta la declinación empática en el componente cuidado con compasión. La empatía y sus componentes no se diferenciaron en el género. Conclusiones: La diferencia encontrada en la empatía y en el componente cuidado con compasión, la ausencia de diferencias de empatía entre los géneros y la manifestación de declinación empática solo en el componente cuidado con compasión constituyen características específicas en los estudiantes examinados y representan un diagnóstico empático concreto y se constituye en la base para elaborar una estrategia de intervención que debe ser coherente con estos resultados


Introduction: Empathy is an important concept in the interaction between the physiotherapist and the patient, and contributes to a better care of the patient. Empathy training in physiotherapy students must be taught by the universities from the first year of study because of the complex character of this attribute. However, any intervention must be preceded by a comprehensive empathy diagnosis. Objective: To determine the levels of empathy and its components in physiotherapy students according to course and gender factors. Material and methods: Exploratory and cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 191 students. The empathy data was collected by applying the Jefferson Empathy Scale. The median, 1st and 3rd quartile, interquartile difference and confidence interval of the median were estimated. The possible differences in Empathy and its components were analysed using of non-parametric tests (Mood's median). Results: There were differences in empathy and in the compassionate care component in the course factor. The empathy decline in the compassionate component was observed. Empathy and its components did not differ by gender. Conclusions: The differences found in empathy and in the compassionate care component, the absence of empathy differences in empathy between the genders, and observation of a decline in empathy only in the compassionate care component, were specific characteristics in the students examined. These represent a specific empathy diagnosis, and are the basis for developing an intervention strategy consistent with these results


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Fisioterapia , Empatía , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Conducta Exploratoria , Intervalos de Confianza
9.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 280-290, sept.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-184152

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Los objetivos de este trabajo han sido determinar el estado ponderal y los hábitos de alimentación y de consumo de alcohol y tabaco en estudiantes universitarios, determinar la asociación de estas variables con la autopercepción negativa de sus hábitos alimentarios, así como analizar el riesgo de desarrollar algún tipo de trastorno de la conducta alimentaria (TCA). Método: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal en 422 estudiantes universitarios. Los parámetros analizados fueron: estado nutricional, hábitos alimentarios, consumo alcohol/tabaco y conductas de TCA. Se aplicó regresión logística para identificar factores asociados a una percepción negativa de los hábitos alimentarios. Resultados: El 5% de la población presentaba peso insuficiente, el 16% sobrepeso y el 4% obesidad. El 55% no realizaba las cinco comidas/día. Los alimentos recomendados de ingesta diaria se consumían por debajo de las recomendaciones, mientras que embutidos/carnes grasas, bollería industrial, carnes magras y pescados se consumían en exceso. Percibieron sus hábitos alimentarios como buenos/muy buenos el 63%. El consumo de alcohol/tabaco predominaba los fines de semana. Las chicas mostraron mayor preocupación por su imagen (80,6% vs. 33%) y miedo a engordar (52,5% vs. 23,9%). Casi el 30% presentó una percepción distorsionada de su imagen corporal. Encontramos un riesgo del 12,8% de anorexia nerviosa atípica y del 4,7% de bulimia nerviosa atípica. Conclusiones: Los estudiantes universitarios presentan un estilo de vida poco saludable, principalmente debido a hábitos alimentarios alejados de las recomendaciones. Más del 17% presentan riesgo de desarrollar TCA atípico. Esta información puede resultar de interés para desarrollar acciones preventivas


Objective: The objectives of this paper were to determine weight status, eating, and alcohol drinking and smoking habits of university students, to determine the association between these variables with negative self-perception of their eating habits and to assess the risk of developing eating disorders. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 university students. The parameters analyzed were: nutritional status, eating habits, alcohol/ tobacco consumption, and risk of eating disorder. Logistic regression was applied to identify factors associated with a negative perception of eating habits. Results: Out of the whole population that was analyzed, 5% were underweight, 16% overweight and 4% obese. Fifty-five percent of the sample analyzed did not consume five meals a day. The recommended foods for daily consumption were consumed below recommendations, while sausages/fatty meats, industrial pastries, lean meats, and fish were over-consumed. Overall, the population perceived their eating habits as good/very good (63%). Alcohol and tobacco consumption predominated at weekends. The girls were more image-conscious (80.6% vs. 66%) and fearful of gaining weight (52.5% vs. 23.9%). Almost 30% had a distorted perception of body image. There was a 12.8% risk of atypical anorexia nervosa and 4.7% of atypical bulimia nervosa. Conclusions: College students led unhealthy lifestyles, mainly due to eating habits that do not conform to the establish recommendations. More than 17% are at risk of developing an atypical eating disorder. This information may be of interest in developing preventive actions


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Salud del Estudiante , Estilo de Vida , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/epidemiología , Estado Nutricional , Estudios Transversales , Modelos Logísticos , Conducta Alimentaria , Alcoholismo/epidemiología , Tabaquismo/epidemiología , Autoimagen , Anorexia/epidemiología
10.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 291-296, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-184153

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Describir los patrones de consumo de alcohol y de episodios de consumo intensivo (ECI) en una muestra de estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud, así como identificar factores asociados. Método: Estudio descriptivo que mediante cuestionario autoadministrado recoge variables sociodemográficas y el diario consumo de alcohol, registrando el número de unidades de bebida estándar consumidas en varios momentos del día. Resultados: Participaron 286 estudiantes (66,1% mujeres) pertenecientes a la Universidad de Cádiz (193 Medicina y 93 Enfermería), con una edad media de 21,1 años (DE 2,8). El 44,8% vive en domicilio familiar. El 65,7% consumió alcohol en la última semana, siendo más frecuente en varones. El patrón de consumo semanal fue del 74,5% para consumo de riesgo bajo, 21% riesgo moderado y 4,5% riesgo elevado. Un 33,9% tuvo entre 1-2 ECI en la última semana, apareciendo estos independientemente del patrón de consumo semanal. De los alumnos que residen fuera del domicilio familiar, un 26,6% tuvieron un consumo de riesgo moderado, un 8,2% riesgo elevado y un 41,8% ECI. Se evidencian asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre el consumo semanal de alcohol y las variables sexo, domicilio habitual y ECI. Conclusiones: Más de la mitad de los estudiantes consumió alcohol en la última semana, con un consumo mayoritariamente de fin de semana, destacando la alta prevalencia de ECI. Se propone incidir en la detección precoz y campañas en estos grupos


Aim: To describe the alcohol drinking patterns and binge drinking episodes (BDE) in a sample of Health Science students, as well as identify associated factors. Method: It is a descriptive study, in which sociodemographic variables and a weekly alcohol consumption diary recording the number of standard drinking units consumed at different times of the day are collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Results: 286 students (66.1% women) from Cadiz University (193 Medical students and 93 Nursing students), with a mean age of 21.1 (SD 2.8) years, took part in this study. Forty-four point 8 percent of the students live with their families. Sixty-five point 7 percent of the students drank alcohol in the previous week, this was more usual in the males. The weekly alcohol consumption pattern was 74.5% for low-risk alcohol consumption, 21% for moderate-risk and 4.5% for a high-risk consumption. Thirty-three point 9 percent had 1-2 BDE over the previous week apart from their weekly consumption pattern. Twenty-six point 6 percent of the students who were emancipated had moderate-risk consumption, 8.2% had a high-risk consumption and 41.8% had a binge drinking episode. There were statistically significant associations between the weekly consumption pattern regarding sex, habitual residence and BDE variables. Conclusions: More than half the students had taken alcohol the previous week, mainly at weekends. The high prevalence of BDE is highlighted. We propose enhancing early detection and prevention campaigns in this population


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Alcoholismo/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos del Sistema Nervioso Inducidos por Alcohol/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Trastornos del Sistema Nervioso Inducidos por Alcohol/prevención & control , Asunción de Riesgos
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 5(2): 94-110, ago. 2019. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1021764

RESUMEN

Introdução:Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 é uma doença crônica, silenciosa, caracterizada por hiperglicemia causada pela produção insuficiente, ou resistência a ação da insulina. No Brasil, em 2017, diagnosticou 12,5 milhões de pessoas com diabetes mellitus, com uma prevalência de 8 a 9%, ocupando o quinto lugar no mundo. Dianteda transição nutricional, várias pesquisas tem demonstrado prevalência desta patologia em crianças, adolescentes e jovens. Objetivo:Identificar o risco de desenvolver Diabetes mellitus tipo 2 nos estudantes do curso de Biomedicina, da Faculdade Unigran Capital, Campo Grande, MS. Método:Trata-se de um Estudo Epidemiológico Descritivo Quantitativo Transversal, com uma amostra de 132 estudantes, através da aplicação de um questionário, determinação de glicemia capilar, coleta do peso, altura, cintura abdominal, e aferição da pressão arterial. Resultados:Foi identificado fatores de riscos importantes nos estudantes de biomedicina: obesidade, sedentarismo, hipertensão, consumo de dieta não saudável e a predisposição genética. Os homens apresentaram mais fatores dos que as mulheres, as faixas etárias mais jovens de 18-20 anos encontravam-se mais sedentários e mais obesos, e, as faixas etárias mais velhas apresentaram hipertensão e consumo de dieta não saudável. Conclusões:Há necessidade de promover medidas de prevenção: consumo de dieta saudável e prática de atividade física entre os estudantes, para evitar o desenvolvimento desta patologia (AU).


Introduction:Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic silent disease characterized by hyperglycemia caused by insufficient production, or resistance to the action of insulin. In Brazil, in 2017, diagnosed 12.5 million people with Diabetes Mellitus, with prevalence of 8 to9%, ranking fifth in the world. Faced with the nutritional transition, several studies have demonstrated the prevalence of this pathology in children, adolescents and young people. Objective:To identify the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus instudents of Biomedicine, Faculty of Unigran Capital, Campo Grande, MS.Methods:This is an Epidemiological Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study, with a sample of 132 students, through the application of a questionnaire, determination of capillary glycemia, weight, height, abdominal waist, and blood pressure measurement. Results:: Important risk factors were identified in biomedicine students: obesity, sedentary lifestyle, hypertension, consumption of unhealthy diet and genetic predisposition. Males presentedmore factors than females, the younger age groups of 18-20 years were more sedentary and more obese, and the older age groups presented hypertension and unhealthy diet consumption.Conclusions:There is a need to promote prevention measures: consumption of healthy diet and practice of physical activity among students, to avoid the development of this pathology (AU).


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Factores de Riesgo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevención & control , Conducta Sedentaria , Brasil , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
14.
Br J Nurs ; 28(17): 1144-1147, 2019 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556744

RESUMEN

Interprofessional education is a key requirement identified in various professional and regulatory body education standards in the UK. However, recent high-profile investigatory reports into adverse incidents in NHS organisations have demonstrated failures of translating interprofessional education into practice. This paper explores how a university in the south of England uses service improvement projects to address this. Working with key senior clinicians, small groups of students from a variety of professional backgrounds collaborate to address an identified problem in practice to bring about better, safer practice to benefit patients. This style of learning enables students to acquire essential attributes in preparation for employment, such as critical thinking, teamworking, ethical practice and leadership.


Asunto(s)
Empleos en Salud/educación , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Medicina Estatal/organización & administración , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Curriculum , Inglaterra , Humanos , Universidades
15.
J Dent Educ ; 83(12): 1361-1369, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548305

RESUMEN

Interprofessional education (IPE) is based on collaborative practices that increase the occasions for communication among those in various health professions. However, there is a paucity of literature about the effectiveness of IPE programs in health professions education. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to objectively assess the literature on the effectiveness of IPE in improving health professions students' attitudes after training. The major scholarly databases were searched for relevant IPE studies involving predoctoral health professions students. Two independent researchers selected the studies, extracted the data, and assessed the quality of the studies. Meta-analyses of the outcomes were performed using random effects models. Sixteen articles were ultimately selected for detailed review and meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that IPE training had a significant influence on students' understanding of collaboration and resulted in better attitudes about interprofessional teamwork. Subscale analysis showed that one subscale score (roles and responsibilities) did not statistically significantly improve after IPE training (p=0.06), whereas the other four subscale items showed statistically significant improvements (p<0.01). The test for overall effects showed that IPE training had a significantly positive influence on students' attitudes about IPE (Z=6.85, p<0.01). Subgroup results showed that medical students had more positive attitudes about IPE than did dental students. Regardless of profession, women students responded with significantly more positive feedback than did men students (p=0.02). These results suggest that intervention through IPE training has had positive effects in health professions education. Gender was an important factor impacting the outcomes of IPE. However, further clinical practice interventions may be helpful to enhance the IPE competence of health professions students.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Estudiantes de Medicina , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Femenino , Empleos en Salud , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Masculino
16.
Int J Equity Health ; 18(1): 136, 2019 09 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477114

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians are under-represented in the health workforce, with large disparities between rates of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in every health profession, including nurses, medical practitioners and all allied health professionals. Yet Indigenous people have long requested to have Indigenous practitioners involved in their health care, with this increasing the likelihood of culturally safe care. To address the shortage of Indigenous health professionals, it is important to not only recruit more Indigenous people into health courses, but also to support them throughout their studies so that they graduate as qualified health professionals. The aim of this systematic literature review was two-fold: to identify the factors affecting the retention of Indigenous students across all tertiary health disciplines, and to identify strategies that support Indigenous students to remain with, and successfully complete, their studies. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were systematically searched between July and September 2018. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria and assessed for quality using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool and the Joanna Briggs Institute Checklist for Text and Opinion. RESULTS: Twenty-six articles met the criteria for inclusion. Key factors reported by students as affecting retention were: family and peer support; competing obligations; academic preparation and prior educational experiences; access to the Indigenous Student Support Centre; financial hardship; and racism and discrimination. The most successful strategies implemented by nursing, health and medical science faculties to improve retention were multi-layered and included: culturally appropriate recruitment and selection processes; comprehensive orientation and pre-entry programs; building a supportive and enabling school culture; appointing Indigenous academics; embedding Indigenous content throughout the curriculum; developing mentoring and tutoring programs; flexible delivery of content; partnerships with the Indigenous Student Support Centre; providing social and financial support; and 'leaving the university door open' for students who leave before graduation to return. CONCLUSIONS: Universities have an important role to play in addressing inequities in the Indigenous health workforce. A suite of measures implemented concurrently to provide support, starting with recruitment and pre-entry preparation programs, then continuing throughout the student's time at university, can enable talented Indigenous people to overcome adversities and graduate as health professionals.


Asunto(s)
Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica/psicología , Abandono Escolar/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Australia , Humanos , Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Riesgo , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(9): 673-685, Sept. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040741

RESUMEN

Adult learning, or andragogy, provides a novel way of appreciating using food analogies as an effective learning tool in veterinary pathology. Facilitation of adult learning requires that new concepts be presented in a way that draws on the learner's experience. Because veterinary students will have had considerable experience with a plethora of food items prior to enrolling in a pathology course, food analogies can provide an easy conduit for incorporating key learning concepts regarding veterinary pathology. In this paper, many of these analogies are presented, along with the mechanisms responsible for each of the characteristic lesions, in the hopes that their usefulness in the classroom can be highlighted to create a more engaging and facilitated learning environment.(AU)


A aprendizagem de adultos, ou andragogia, é uma nova maneira de apreciar o uso de analogias de alimentos como uma ferramenta eficaz no aprendizado em patologia veterinária. A facilitação da aprendizagem de adultos requer que novos conceitos sejam apresentados de uma forma que se baseie na experiência do aluno. Como os estudantes de medicina veterinária já terão sido expostos a um número considerável de tipos de alimentos antes de se matricularem na disciplina de patologia, as analogias de alimentos podem fornecer um ótimo conduto para incorporar os conceitos-chave na aprendizagem da patologia veterinária. Neste artigo, muitos dessas analogias são apresentadas juntamente com os mecanismos responsáveis por cada uma das lesões características, na esperança de que sua utilidade na sala de aula possa ser destacada para criar um ambiente de aprendizado mais envolvente e favorável.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Patología Veterinaria/educación , Aprendizaje por Asociación , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Alimentos
18.
West Afr J Med ; 36(2): 176-182, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385605

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of students learning style is important in order for an instructor to be able to determine and select the appropriate teaching techniques for effectiveness and maximized student learning during a class session. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at exploring the learning preferences of physiotherapy and medical students in a regional university in Nigeria. METHODS: A sample of 263 undergraduate physiotherapy and medical students in the clinical phase of their studies at the University of Maiduguri participated in this cross-sectional survey study. The participants completed a two part question-naire. Part I of the questionnaire elicits sociodemographic information such as age, gender and programme and level of study, while part II consists of a 24-item self-administered Learning Style Inventory that elicited information on the students' preferences on learning their subjects. RESULTS: These cohorts of medical and physiotherapy students were evenly divided between visual and auditory learning preferences. While for the medical students, the males tend to be visual learners more frequently than their female counterparts, gender difference in types of learning preference was not observed for the physiotherapy students. CONCLUSION: This study affirms the heterogeneity in students' learning preferences, and also suggests the need for instructors in health disciplines to always consider blending appropriate voice and audios with pictures, photos and visual effects in other to maximize students learning especially during teaching sessions.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje , Fisioterapeutas/educación , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
19.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(5): 278-282, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436690

RESUMEN

AIM: This qualitative descriptive study aimed to evaluate the role of a short-term interprofessional study abroad program in Kenya on beginning awareness of cultural humility. BACKGROUND: Students in the health care professions, including nursing, must learn to work effectively with diverse patient populations and provide culturally safe care. METHOD: Course assignments of 21 students were thematically analyzed to discover how students applied concepts of cultural attunement to learn cultural humility while interacting with people in rural and urban Kenya. RESULTS: Student narrations acknowledged all aspects of cultural attunement during the experience: the pain of oppression; acted with reverence; reported coming from a place of not knowing; engaged in acts of humility; engaged in mutuality; and reported attaining harmony, cooperation, and accord. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest a short-term community-focused study abroad experience can be a valuable tool for beginning stages of becoming culturally humble and providing culturally safe health care.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Cultural/educación , Intercambio Educacional Internacional , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Humanos , Kenia , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería
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