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1.
Orv Hetil ; 161(4): 139-150, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955584

RESUMEN

Introduction: Comprehensive predictors of first-year students' academic performance, including pre-university experience, can be found at both individual and infrastructural levels that can be measured and used to increase academic performance and contribute to student mental health. Aim: To study the characteristics of students who are beginning their studies in medical, dental, pharmacy and health care organization. Method: Analysis of a database obtained through questionnaire data among first-year Semmelweis University students (n = 550). Significant explanatory variables influencing student performance were determined by logistic regression. Results: Different faculties and prestige channels have different success factors and student needs, the fulfillment of which also serves the maintenance of student mental health. Two groups were defined: (i) factors independent of age (perseverance value, religious belief, WHO value of well-being, importance of sport, trust), (ii) faculty-specific factors (Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry: parental influence on learning; Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences: the importance of relationships is high; Faculty of Health Sciences: parental qualifications are decisive). Conclusion: At the start of a student's life, measurements can uncover factors that, if learned, can facilitate later successful studies, preventing early school leaving. During the course of studies, these features can be monitored continuously, so that the necessary interventions can be made to ensure student success. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(4): 139-150.


Asunto(s)
Éxito Académico , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Investigación Empírica , Humanos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Clin Ter ; 170(6): e448-e453, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696908

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Despite vaccines are the most successful public health interventions for prevention of infectious diseases "vaccine hesitancy" spreads today across the world. Despite attitudes of future generations of HCWs is fundamental, these aren't much analysed in the literature. The aim of our research was a) to evaluate attitudes and behaviours reported towards vaccinations among a sample of university students in the health area, b) to know their vaccination status and intention to get vaccines and c) investigate their propensity to vaccinate (who and with which vaccines). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated a sample of university students of the health area of University of Messina through an anonymous face to face questionnaires based on HProimmune survey appropriately modified, analysing presence of statistical difference between gender. All analyses were carried out using EPI INFO software. RESULTS: Our study showed a general lack of confidence and insecurity towards vaccination by future HCWs and absent perception of the risk of acquire a vaccine preventable disease as they also demonstrate low vaccination coverage in our sample. Their opinion about awareness of recommended vaccines for HCWs also was low, however, they thought that vaccinations should be a prerequisite for healthcare professionals to work in healthcare area. Also, we observed that 96% of respondents would recommend vaccinations to their patients, with a greater propensity of women. CONCLUSIONS: The motivations of vaccine hesitancy are many and maybe other studies would help policymakers and stake-holders to shape programs to improve vaccination coverage among students and HCWs.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Vacunación , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
3.
J S Afr Vet Assoc ; 90(0): e1-e8, 2019 Oct 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714110

RESUMEN

Understanding the knowledge and perceptions of veterinary students of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as potential future prescribers of antimicrobials may serve as an opportunity to improve stewardship of AMR. Pre-final (n = 42) and final (n = 29) year veterinary students of the University of Pretoria completed questionnaires to determine their knowledge and perceptions of AMR. Of the 71 respondents, mixed practice (48%) and small animal practice (45%) were the most preferred career choices post-graduation, with the field of gross pathology being the least preferred. Over 80% of the respondents believed that veterinary practitioners' misuse of antimicrobials contributes to AMR and a higher percentage (98.6%) believed that farmers' misuse of antimicrobials encourages the development of AMR, in particular, in food animals (60.6%) compared to companion animals (50.7%). Agreement in the ranking of abuse of antimicrobials between pre-final and final year students was fair (36.4%; kappa 0.3), and the most abused antimicrobials in descending order listed by the students were tetracyclines, penicillins, sulphonamides and aminoglycosides. There was wide disparity between training and potential field application, as well as variations in the correct matching of antimicrobials to their respective antibiotic classes. Responses to the clinical application of antimicrobials also varied widely. Despite the apparent teaching of AMR to veterinary students, gaps may exist in the translation of theoretical concepts to clinical applications, hence the need for focused and targeted antimicrobial prescription and stewardship training to bridge these potential identified gaps.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Adulto , Animales , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Selección de Profesión , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Sudáfrica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Medicina Veterinaria , Adulto Joven
4.
Fisioterapia (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 41(5): 250-257, sept.-oct. 2019. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183934

RESUMEN

Introducción: La empatía es un concepto importante en la interacción entre el profesional fisioterapeuta y el paciente, y contribuye a una mejor atención del mismo. La formación empática en estudiantes de fisioterapia debe ser asumida por las universidades desde el primer año de estudio por el carácter complejo de este atributo; sin embargo, cualquier intervención debe estar precedida por un diagnóstico empático exhaustivo. Objetivo: Determinar los niveles de empatía y de sus componentes en estudiantes de fisioterapia según los factores curso y género. Material y métodos: Estudio exploratorio y de corte transversal. Se estudió una muestra de 191 estudiantes. Los datos de empatía fueron recogidos mediante la aplicación de la escala de empatía de Jefferson. Fueron estimadas la mediana, los cuartiles 1 y 3, la diferencia intercuartílica y el intervalo de confianza de la mediana. Se estudiaron las posibles diferencias en la empatía y sus componentes mediante pruebas no paramétricas (mediana de Mood). Resultados: Hubo diferencias en la empatía y en el componente cuidado con compasión en el factor curso. Se manifiesta la declinación empática en el componente cuidado con compasión. La empatía y sus componentes no se diferenciaron en el género. Conclusiones: La diferencia encontrada en la empatía y en el componente cuidado con compasión, la ausencia de diferencias de empatía entre los géneros y la manifestación de declinación empática solo en el componente cuidado con compasión constituyen características específicas en los estudiantes examinados y representan un diagnóstico empático concreto y se constituye en la base para elaborar una estrategia de intervención que debe ser coherente con estos resultados


Introduction: Empathy is an important concept in the interaction between the physiotherapist and the patient, and contributes to a better care of the patient. Empathy training in physiotherapy students must be taught by the universities from the first year of study because of the complex character of this attribute. However, any intervention must be preceded by a comprehensive empathy diagnosis. Objective: To determine the levels of empathy and its components in physiotherapy students according to course and gender factors. Material and methods: Exploratory and cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 191 students. The empathy data was collected by applying the Jefferson Empathy Scale. The median, 1st and 3rd quartile, interquartile difference and confidence interval of the median were estimated. The possible differences in Empathy and its components were analysed using of non-parametric tests (Mood's median). Results: There were differences in empathy and in the compassionate care component in the course factor. The empathy decline in the compassionate component was observed. Empathy and its components did not differ by gender. Conclusions: The differences found in empathy and in the compassionate care component, the absence of empathy differences in empathy between the genders, and observation of a decline in empathy only in the compassionate care component, were specific characteristics in the students examined. These represent a specific empathy diagnosis, and are the basis for developing an intervention strategy consistent with these results


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Fisioterapia , Empatía , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Conducta Exploratoria , Intervalos de Confianza
5.
Br J Nurs ; 28(17): 1144-1147, 2019 Sep 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556744

RESUMEN

Interprofessional education is a key requirement identified in various professional and regulatory body education standards in the UK. However, recent high-profile investigatory reports into adverse incidents in NHS organisations have demonstrated failures of translating interprofessional education into practice. This paper explores how a university in the south of England uses service improvement projects to address this. Working with key senior clinicians, small groups of students from a variety of professional backgrounds collaborate to address an identified problem in practice to bring about better, safer practice to benefit patients. This style of learning enables students to acquire essential attributes in preparation for employment, such as critical thinking, teamworking, ethical practice and leadership.


Asunto(s)
Empleos en Salud/educación , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Medicina Estatal/organización & administración , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Curriculum , Inglaterra , Humanos , Universidades
6.
Int J Equity Health ; 18(1): 136, 2019 09 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477114

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians are under-represented in the health workforce, with large disparities between rates of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in every health profession, including nurses, medical practitioners and all allied health professionals. Yet Indigenous people have long requested to have Indigenous practitioners involved in their health care, with this increasing the likelihood of culturally safe care. To address the shortage of Indigenous health professionals, it is important to not only recruit more Indigenous people into health courses, but also to support them throughout their studies so that they graduate as qualified health professionals. The aim of this systematic literature review was two-fold: to identify the factors affecting the retention of Indigenous students across all tertiary health disciplines, and to identify strategies that support Indigenous students to remain with, and successfully complete, their studies. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were systematically searched between July and September 2018. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria and assessed for quality using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool and the Joanna Briggs Institute Checklist for Text and Opinion. RESULTS: Twenty-six articles met the criteria for inclusion. Key factors reported by students as affecting retention were: family and peer support; competing obligations; academic preparation and prior educational experiences; access to the Indigenous Student Support Centre; financial hardship; and racism and discrimination. The most successful strategies implemented by nursing, health and medical science faculties to improve retention were multi-layered and included: culturally appropriate recruitment and selection processes; comprehensive orientation and pre-entry programs; building a supportive and enabling school culture; appointing Indigenous academics; embedding Indigenous content throughout the curriculum; developing mentoring and tutoring programs; flexible delivery of content; partnerships with the Indigenous Student Support Centre; providing social and financial support; and 'leaving the university door open' for students who leave before graduation to return. CONCLUSIONS: Universities have an important role to play in addressing inequities in the Indigenous health workforce. A suite of measures implemented concurrently to provide support, starting with recruitment and pre-entry preparation programs, then continuing throughout the student's time at university, can enable talented Indigenous people to overcome adversities and graduate as health professionals.


Asunto(s)
Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica/psicología , Abandono Escolar/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Australia , Humanos , Grupo de Ascendencia Oceánica/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Riesgo , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos
7.
West Afr J Med ; 36(2): 176-182, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385605

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Knowledge of students learning style is important in order for an instructor to be able to determine and select the appropriate teaching techniques for effectiveness and maximized student learning during a class session. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at exploring the learning preferences of physiotherapy and medical students in a regional university in Nigeria. METHODS: A sample of 263 undergraduate physiotherapy and medical students in the clinical phase of their studies at the University of Maiduguri participated in this cross-sectional survey study. The participants completed a two part question-naire. Part I of the questionnaire elicits sociodemographic information such as age, gender and programme and level of study, while part II consists of a 24-item self-administered Learning Style Inventory that elicited information on the students' preferences on learning their subjects. RESULTS: These cohorts of medical and physiotherapy students were evenly divided between visual and auditory learning preferences. While for the medical students, the males tend to be visual learners more frequently than their female counterparts, gender difference in types of learning preference was not observed for the physiotherapy students. CONCLUSION: This study affirms the heterogeneity in students' learning preferences, and also suggests the need for instructors in health disciplines to always consider blending appropriate voice and audios with pictures, photos and visual effects in other to maximize students learning especially during teaching sessions.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje , Fisioterapeutas/educación , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
8.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(5): 278-282, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436690

RESUMEN

AIM: This qualitative descriptive study aimed to evaluate the role of a short-term interprofessional study abroad program in Kenya on beginning awareness of cultural humility. BACKGROUND: Students in the health care professions, including nursing, must learn to work effectively with diverse patient populations and provide culturally safe care. METHOD: Course assignments of 21 students were thematically analyzed to discover how students applied concepts of cultural attunement to learn cultural humility while interacting with people in rural and urban Kenya. RESULTS: Student narrations acknowledged all aspects of cultural attunement during the experience: the pain of oppression; acted with reverence; reported coming from a place of not knowing; engaged in acts of humility; engaged in mutuality; and reported attaining harmony, cooperation, and accord. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest a short-term community-focused study abroad experience can be a valuable tool for beginning stages of becoming culturally humble and providing culturally safe health care.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Cultural/educación , Intercambio Educacional Internacional , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Humanos , Kenia , Investigación en Educación de Enfermería , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería
9.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(3): 397-400, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408385

RESUMEN

Twenty-eight undergraduate students in a health sciences program volunteered for an exercise in the history of examinations. They had completed a second-year course in anatomy and physiology in which they studied modern texts and took standard contemporary exams. For this historical "experiment," students studied selected chapters from two 19th century physiology texts (by Foster M. A Textbook of Physiology, 1895; and Broussais FJV. A Treatise on Physiology Applied to Pathology, 1828). They then took a 1-h-long exam in which they answered two essay-type questions set by Thomas Henry Huxley for second-year medical students at the University of London in 1853 and 1857. These were selected from a question bank provided by Dr. P. Mazumdar (University of Toronto). A questionnaire probed their contrasting experiences. Many wrote thoughtful, reflective comments on the exercise, which not only gave them an insight into the difficulties faced by students in the past, but also proved to be a valuable learning experience (average score: 8.6 ± 1.6 SD).


Asunto(s)
Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Empleos en Salud/educación , Fisiología/educación , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Humanos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología
10.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(3): 414-422, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408387

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different metacognitive interventions on knowledge and regulation of cognition, as well as academic performance (i.e., exam and final grades) in three sections of an undergraduate human anatomy and physiology course. All targeted classes were randomly assigned to one of three groups (reflection practice, passive acquisition of knowledge, and collaborative learning), and the interventions were implemented after exam 1. A pre- and posttest survey was administered during the semester (during week 2 and after exam 2), and exam and final course grades were collected at the end of the semester. The final sample included 129 students. A significant interaction of group and time was observed for knowledge of cognition: it increased in the reflection practice group, did not change in the collaborative learning group, and it decreased in the passive acquisition of knowledge. The interventions did not produce any significant interactions or main effects on regulation of cognition, exam scores, or final grades. Along with more research on metacognition in physiology education contexts, it is recommended to further examine the ways in which such data can be collected, as self-report measures only tell part of the story.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Académico/psicología , Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Empleos en Salud/educación , Metacognición , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Enseñanza/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Metacognición/fisiología
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1163, 2019 Aug 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443708

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The terror attack of July 14, 2016, in Nice, France, resulted in 86 deaths, including children, and several hundred wounded, with a major psychological impact on the population. Hospital staff had to cope with exceptional circumstances which made them vulnerable to detrimental effects on their own health. This paper describes the method that was selected for the survey entitled "ECHOS de Nice 14 Juillet" which aimed to assess the impact of the attack on the psychological, psycho-traumatic and somatic health condition of the Nice University and Lenval hospital staff who were directly or indirectly exposed to the attack, and also to describe the support and care facilities they were offered. METHOD: ECHOS de Nice 14 juillet is an observational, cross-sectional, multicentre study focusing on all the hospital staff and students of both institutions, i.e. 10,100 persons in June 2017. A web-based questionnaire based on the model developed by Santé Publique France (IMPACTS and ESPA 13 novembre 2015) was adapted to the contexts of the healthcare professionals and students employed in these healthcare institutions in Nice and published on line from June 21 to October 30, 2017. The paper describes the tools that were used to meet the aims of the study, i.e. identification of exposure categories ('civilian' exposure for those present during the attack and/or 'professional' exposure); indicators of psychological impact (anxiety, depression, burnout, compassion fatigue, suicidal states, tobacco and alcohol use, self-medications), psycho-traumatic and somatic impact; professional and social impact. Lastly, awareness of availability and use of psychological support and care-follow-up facilities by professionals were investigated. Respondents could include extensive qualitative comments on the various themes explored in the questionnaire, with text analysis complementing that of quantitative data. DISCUSSION: The benefits and limitations of the selected methodology are discussed, in view of contributing useful information to help anticipate and manage health issues among hospital staff who have been victims of traumatic events.


Asunto(s)
Encuestas Epidemiológicas/métodos , Personal de Hospital/psicología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Terrorismo/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Francia/epidemiología , Humanos , Masculino
12.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 60(2): E119-E123, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312741

RESUMEN

Introduction: University students are at risk of starting smoking or continuing and increasing the consumption of tobacco products. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the training course, Sisma Project, about smoking in healthcare degree courses, in terms of knowledge, behaviour and to evaluate the course. Methods: SISMA project was a pre- post study about an intervention delivered to healthcare profession students about smoking and smoking cessation. It had a before-after design and was an online optional course available on the eLearning platform Moodle 2. The course was structured in four lessons of sixty minutes, a debate among experts and a final test of evaluation. The McNemar test was used to measure the effectiveness of Sisma on smoking behaviour of students after the intervention. Students rated the course assigning a score from one to ten, and expressed free comments about point of strength and weakness of Sisma project. Results: The participants were 365 students, 28.5% males and 71.5% females, most were nursing 194 (53.2%) and dental hygienists students 105 (28.8%). Current smokers were 161 (44.1%) before and 142 (38.9%) after the course, there was statistical significant difference in smoking status after attending the course (p < 0.001). Students evaluated the course giving a high score with a mean of 8.13 (SD: 1.1); the main points of strength were the content (33.2%), the structure (15.6%) and knowledge given by the course (12.6%). The main point of weakness were the online structure 62 (37%), problem related to length and time 17 (10%) and the final test 15 (9%). Discussion: Given the central role health professionals play in patient care, students need to be aware and trained in tobacco cessation techniques. Our results indicate that smoking behaviour significantly changed after attending a university course for smoking cessation and students appreciated its contents and structure.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Cese del Hábito de Fumar , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Empleos en Salud/educación , Humanos , Masculino , Fumar/epidemiología , Fumar/psicología , Cese del Hábito de Fumar/psicología , Prevención del Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
13.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(7): 973-975, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308565

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence of perceived stress and satisfaction with life as well as the association between the two among under graduate physical therapy students. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to July 2015 at Riphah International University, Isra University and Foundation University, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised Doctor of Physical Therapy students aged 17-23 years. Perceived Stress Scale and Satisfaction with Life Scale were used as tools to measure the outcomes. Data was analysed using S P SS 2 0.. RESULTS: Of the 306 students approached, 279(91%) responded. There were 39(14%) males and 240(86%) females with an overall mean age of 19.18±0.92 years. Mean stress and satisfaction with life scores were 21.35±5.76 and 24.49±5.77. Significant negative co-relation between the two scores was observed (p=0.001). There was no significant association of age with satisfaction with life (p=0.591) and perceived stress (p=0.283). A significant gender-based difference was observed in terms of perceived stress (p=0.037) and satisfaction with life ( (p=0.008), with females scoring higher. CONCLUSIONS: Male students were more satisfied with life compared to female students, and satisfaction with life decreased with an increase in stress.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Fisioterapia/educación , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pakistán , Factores Sexuales , Adulto Joven
14.
Aust Vet J ; 97(10): 373-381, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310017

RESUMEN

AIM: To measure the stress levels of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) students at the University of Sydney using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) questionnaire. METHODS: DVM students in years 1 to 4 were surveyed in semester 2 of 2018. The voluntary online survey consisted of 6 demographic questions and the K10 scale, a standardised measure of stress commonly used in Australia by medical practitioners for evaluation and referral to mental health professionals. Academic year cohorts were compared to identify differences in stress levels. Cohorts were compared to published K10 scores from various populations including the Australian public, medical students, practicing veterinarians, and Junior Medical Officers (JMOs). RESULTS: The response rate was 54.4% (n = 237). DVM students experienced a higher level of psychological distress (mean 24, median 23, range 10-50) than the Australian population (mean 14.5, median 13, range 10-50), medical students (mean 18.4, median 16, range 10-50), practicing veterinarians (mean 16.7, median 15.5, range 10-30), and JMOs (mean 18.1, median 16, range 10-50). Female students (median 23) had a significantly higher level of psychological distress compared to male students (median 18) (p = 0.0005). International students (median 23) had a higher level of psychological stress than domestic students (median 22) (p = 0.0488). Different year cohorts, age range, work hours, and exercise were not associated with difference in stress levels. CONCLUSION: Based on higher levels of stress in DVM students than that of the general population, practicing veterinarians, JMOs and medical students, there is an urgent need for evidence-based interventions to target stress in DVM students.


Asunto(s)
Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Adulto , Análisis de Varianza , Australia/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Internado y Residencia , Masculino , Nueva Gales del Sur/epidemiología , Facultades de Medicina Veterinaria , Distribución por Sexo , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Veterinarios/psicología , Adulto Joven
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 19(1): 242, 2019 Jul 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266481

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In addition to administering vaccinations, healthcare professionals (HCPs) also play a crucial role in providing education and advocacy to the public regarding immunizations. Yet, many current and future HCPs are unprepared or reluctant to address the vaccine conversation with hesitant patients. Doctors, pharmacists, and nurses are all recognized as the most trusted sources of vaccine information. By comparing future HCPs in these three distinct programs, we can better understand where potential gaps may lie in their training and education. With insight from students, potential changes to curriculum can improve future HCPs ability to address vaccine hesitancy in their respective careers. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the knowledge, attitudes, and opinions of HCP students on the topic of immunization. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017 to assess students in nursing, medical, and pharmacy programs at two universities in the state of North Dakota in the United States. The survey assessed six key themes: 1) demographic information; 2) basic vaccine knowledge; 3) vaccine hesitancy; 4) likelihood to recommend vaccines; 5) confidence in addressing vaccine-related topics with patients; 6) an appraisal of the education they have received on vaccinations. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 223 participants (overall response rate = 23.7%). Results indicated that vaccine-related knowledge varied greatly by program; high knowledge scores were achieved by 74.3% of medical students, 62.7% of pharmacy students, 57.1% of doctor of nursing practice (DNP) students, and 24.7% of bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) students. Over a third (34.2%) of BSN students believed that the current recommended immunization schedule places undue burden on a child's immune system, versus only 4.3% of medical students. Additionally, 54.2% of participants believed that spreading out recommended vaccines over several visits was an appropriate means of reducing parental stress about vaccinating. CONCLUSIONS: Participant responses suggest that negative attitudes, lack of knowledge, and general discomfort exist across all programs, but especially among nursing students, regarding vaccination. Our findings indicate potential areas where targeted interventions could be implemented to better equip future HCPs in their ability to discuss and educate the public regarding vaccination. TRIAL REGISTRATION: #PH17173.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud , Vacunación , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , North Dakota , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Estudiantes de Farmacia/psicología , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
16.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(4): 510-517, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344215

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The burnout syndrome affects more than half of students and professionals involved in healthcare worldwide and is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and a low perception of self-efficacy. Several studies indicate that when students are burnt-out, clinical work, professionalism and ethical behavior, as well as empathy, are negatively affected, while the risk of academic attrition, depression and suicidal ideation tend to increase. At a national level, recent information shows that one out of every two medical students suffer burnout at the beginning of the clinical cycle, a situation that does not improve after finishing undergraduate medical training. There is no consensus on which are the most appropriate strategies to face the problem of burnout in students and health-care professionals. Some studies indicate that the experience of medical and health educators may be key to the design of effective strategies to address this problem. AIM: To identify the burnout risk and protection factors of students at different medical schools. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study -in which 34 expert health educators from eight Chilean medical schools and other health-related schools participated- we used a qualitative methodology based on the appreciative inquiry to explore the key elements associated with the occurrence of burnout, identify protective and risk factors, as well as discuss possible effective interventions to prevent it. RESULTS: There are personal, academic and contextual elements that act as protective or risk factors of burnout. In addition, the educators identified key elements to design organizational and curricular interventions to face the problem of burnout at a local level. CONCLUSIONS: Burnout is a serious problem in the formation of health care professionals. Teacher training aimed at promoting student'well-being must include the teaching of communication skills that consider both the generation gap and the profile of the professional medical schools intend to form.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/etiología , Agotamiento Profesional/prevención & control , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Chile , Humanos , Factores Protectores , Factores de Riesgo , Facultades de Medicina , Autocuidado
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(7): 849-853, 2019 Jul 10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357810

RESUMEN

Objective: To understand the internship of students majoring in preventive medicine in 6 colleges and universities in China, and provide reference suggestions for the improvement of internship arrangement. Methods: By using the method of combined clustering and convenient sampling, the fifth grades students majoring in preventive medicine in six universities in the eastern, central and western China were surveyed by using questionnaires to collect the information of their attitudes (to) and suggestions for clinical and public health internships. Results: A total of 596 students were surveyed. In terms of the benefits of clinical internship and public health internship, students who thought that the internship was fruitful accounted for >88%, and more students thought that reform is needed in clinical internship compared with public health internship. In clinical internship, the students through that the time arrangement was not appropriate enough (95, 39.58%), the content should be more detailed and in-depth (73, 30.42%) and the content did not conform to the professional direction (54, 22.50%). In public health internship, the students thought that the time arrangement was not appropriate (77, 45.56%), the content should be more detailed and standardized (65, 38.46%) and the types of internship bases should be more diversified (20, 11.83%). Conclusions: The undergraduates majoring in preventive medicine felt to be benefited from clinical practice and public health internships and thought they are of necessity. At the same time, there are still many problems which needs to be improved in the two types of internships. It is necessary to make joint efforts from students, teachers, colleges and practice bases to promote the continuous improvement of undergraduate internship.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Internado y Residencia , Medicina Preventiva/educación , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , China , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
18.
J Allied Health ; 48(2): 81-87, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167008

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study examined the impact of video-based and live standardized patient scenarios on attitudes toward and readiness for interprofessional education (IPE) in occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) students. In academic health programs, IPE is used to teach the knowledge and skills to develop interprofessional teamwork abilities; however, research is limited on the impact of standardized patient scenario experiences (SPSE) on the effectiveness of IPE in OT and PT students. PARTICIPANTS: The study involved 49 participants: 23 OT and 26 PT students. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative pilot study measured attitudes and readiness for IPE using a repeated-measures design and the Readiness for Inter-Professional Learning Scale (RIPLS), a 19-item Likert scale. Students completed the RIPLS prior to an interprofessional team assignment, following an interprofessional team meeting to plan the standardized patient evaluation, and after a live SPSE. A 3 x 2 repeated-measures MANOVA analyses was used to determine differences between groups and change over time. RESULTS: Statistically significant changes occurred in Teamwork and Professional Identify subscales of the RIPLS for both groups after the live SPSE. IMPACT: Findings support the use of team-based, live SPSE to improve OT and PT students' readiness for and attitudes toward IPE.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Terapia Ocupacional/educación , Simulación de Paciente , Fisioterapia/educación , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Competencia Clínica , Procesos de Grupo , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Grupo de Atención al Paciente/organización & administración , Proyectos Piloto
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203581

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: It aimed at describing the perception of the clinical educational environment by physiotherapy students based on the Educational Environment Measurement Questionnaire of the Postgraduate Hospital in Chile. METHODS: The clinical education environment was evaluated according to the PHEEM by 192 students originally enrolled in the fifth year of the physiotherapy career at three different headquarters of the academic institution: Santiago, Viña del Mar and Concepcion Campus (Metropolitan, Valparaiso and Bio Bio region, respectively), from March to October 2018. The Cronbach's alpha was applied to measure the reliability of the instrument and the Student t and ANOVA tests were used to compare the differences of PHEEM scores by headquarters, environmental areas, and experience of internship. RESULTS: A total overall average score of 125.88 was obtained, which meant an excellent educational environment. The overall score was 127.6±22.7 for Headquarters1, 125.6±21.6 for Headquarters2 and 122.5±26.9 for Headquarters3. According to the type of establishment, the scores were of 127.1±22.1 for private and 123.5±26.3 for public institutes. According to the type of area, the score was cataloged as an excellent educational environment in all cases, except in the respiratory care area (lowest score: 117.5±29.1). Finally, the score was 126.9±20.5 for the first internship, 121.7±29.3 for the second and 129.4±19.6 for the third. CONCLUSION: There is relative homogeneity of the clinical educational environment for different headquarters, types of establishment or type of area; but there are significant differences in the number of the internship. The promotion of a good clinical educational environment can have an important impact on the development and performance of the future professional, being the detection of negative aspects an opportunity to improve the hidden curriculum.


Asunto(s)
Centros Médicos Académicos , Competencia Clínica/normas , Evaluación Educacional/estadística & datos numéricos , Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Chile , Curriculum , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 22(3): 103-107, mayo-jun. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183064

RESUMEN

Introducción: Las prácticas pedagógicas siguen siendo un fenómeno poco investigado, pese a su relevancia para la calidad de la formación universitaria. Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre las prácticas pedagógicas percibidas por estudiantes de programas de grado en salud de una universidad de Chile y su satisfacción académica. Sujetos y métodos: Se encuestó a 649 estudiantes de la salud de una universidad chilena, quienes respondieron el cuestionario de satisfacción académica y el cuestionario de prácticas pedagógicas percibidas por estudiantes, previo consentimiento informado. Resultados: Los alumnos percibieron prácticas pedagógicas más tradicionales, planificadas y menos centradas en el estudiante. Además, las prácticas pedagógicas percibidas, junto con el nivel cursado, la titulación, el sexo y la edad del alumno, predicen un 37,19% de la satisfacción académica. Conclusión: La satisfacción académica varía según la titulación y los niveles formativos cursados por el alumno, se asocia a su sexo y es favorecido por prácticas pedagógicas constructivistas


Introduction: Teaching practices are still a little investigated phenomenon, despite its relevance for the quality of higher education. Aim: To analyze the relationship between teaching practices perceived by Chilean health degree students and their academic satisfaction. Subjects and methods: 649 health students from a university in Chile were surveyed. They answered the Academic Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Teaching Practices Perceived by Students Questionnaire, after an informed consent process. Results: Students perceived more traditional, more planned and less student-centered teaching practices. In addition, perceived teaching practices and student information, such as training moment, degree, sex and age predicted 37.19% of the academic satisfaction. Conclusion: Academic satisfaction varies according to degree and educational levels completed by the student. It is also associated to their sex and is enhanced by constructivist pedagogical practices


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Empleos en Salud/educación , Percepción , Capacitación Profesional , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/psicología , Chile , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estudios Transversales , Análisis de Datos , Modelos Lineales , Estudiantes del Área de la Salud/estadística & datos numéricos
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