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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18078, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895765

RESUMEN

Sun protection early in life is an essential issue for primary prevention of skin cancers. The Il Sole per Amico was an educational campaign among 66 Italian primary schools. A total of 12,188 questionnaires were completed at baseline. Overall, 9.4% children reported >1 sunburn during the last year and 44.7% parents a use of sunlamps. Independent factors associated with sunburns were: age, lower level of parents' education, light eye and skin color, freckles, nevi on arms, intense sun exposure during the last year, sporadic use of sunscreens, and parental use of sunlamps. A total of 7280 (59.7%) questionnaires were completed at the end of the educational intervention. No significant difference was documented about behavior between the pre- and post-intervention periods. A significant reduction was instead found in both prevalence of recent sunburns and total number of sunburn episodes after comparison with the data obtained by identical questionnaire in the same geographic areas in the "Sole Si Sole No" project in 2001.


Asunto(s)
Quemadura Solar/epidemiología , Protectores Solares/administración & dosificación , Niño , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Padres/psicología , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Neoplasias Cutáneas/prevención & control , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Quemadura Solar/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
JAAPA ; 33(1): 1-2, 2020 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880656
3.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 1-34, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362925

RESUMEN

Schools are often heteronormative environments, negatively influencing the wellbeing of LGB students. Less is known about the impact on gender-variant adolescents. Hence, this study investigates the wellbeing of gender-variant students-as evidenced by their gender (a)typicality and pressure for gender conformity- in different school cultures-as evidenced by the level of traditional gender role attitudes and homonegativity. We examine these context-dependent associations in a sample of 4987 Flemish students, who were questioned three times in 2012-2014. Multilevel regression analyses show that both gender-typical and atypical adolescents feel worse in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Furthermore, the social acceptance of boys seems to be more conditional on gender-conformity in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Overall, inclusive schools ensure higher wellbeing for all students (regardless of sex or gender variance), and student-teacher relationships seem central in explaining these school differences. Implications for school policy as well as research considering heteronormativity and gender-variance are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Bienestar del Niño , Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas , Normas Sociales
4.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03518, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1020379

RESUMEN

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar o conhecimento de estudantes sobre o plano individual de parto e conhecer sua opinião a respeito da utilização dessa estratégia de ensino-aprendizagem e das boas práticas obstétricas. Método Estudo descritivo, com alunos de Obstetrícia que cursavam estágios na atenção básica. A coleta dos dados realizada de 01/2017 a 05/2017, por meio digital, na Plataforma Google Formulários®. A análise foi realizada por estatística descritiva de categorização de enunciados. O estudo seguiu os padrões éticos exigidos. Resultados O formulário foi enviado a 97 discentes e respondido por 40% deles. Todos os respondentes informaram conhecer o plano de parto, e 87% aplicaram-no durante o atendimento de pré-natal. Os apontamentos mais frequentes (45%) acerca do plano de parto foram os que promoviam empoderamento e autonomia à mulher. As sugestões metodológicas mais citadas para a sua aplicação foram focar o conteúdo (76%) e aumentar o número de encontros (50%). O plano individual de parto foi reconhecido por 79% dos participantes como importante estratégia de ensino. Conclusão Além de conhecerem o plano de parto e aplicá-lo, os estudantes o consideram muito relevante para o ensino e a aprendizagem das boas práticas obstétricas.


RESUMEN Objetivo Verificar el conocimiento de estudiantes acerca del plan individual de parto y conocer su comprensión respecto de la utilización de dicha estrategia de enseñanza aprendizaje y de las buenas prácticas obstétricas. Método Estudio descriptivo, con alumnos de Obstetricia que cursaban pasantías en la atención básica. La recolección de datos fue realizada de 01/2017 a 05/2017, por medio electrónico, en la Plataforma Google Formularios®. El análisis fue llevado a cabo por estadística descriptiva de categorización de enunciados. El estudio siguió los estándares éticos exigidos. Resultados El formulario fue enviado a 97 discentes y respondido por el 40% de ellos. Todos los respondedores informaron conocer el plan de parto, y el 87% lo aplicaron durante la atención de prenatal. Los planteamientos más frecuentes (45%) acerca del plan de parto fueron los que promovían empoderamiento y autonomía a la mujer. Las sugerencias metodológicas más citadas para su aplicación fueron enfocar el contenido (76%) y aumentar el número de encuentros (50%). El plan individual de parto fue reconocido por el 79% de los participantes como importante estrategia de enseñanza. Conclusión Además de conocer el plan de parto y aplicarlo, los estudiantes lo consideran muy relevante para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje y de las buenas prácticas obstétricas.


ABSTRACT Objective To verify students' knowledge about individual birth planning and learn their opinion about the use of this teaching-learning strategy for good obstetric practices. Method This is a descriptive study conducted with midwifery students who made primary health care internships. Data collection was performed digitally from 01/2017 to 05/2017 through the Google Forms®Platform. The analysis was performed by descriptive categorization statistics of statements. The study followed the required ethical standards. Results The form was sent to 97 students and answered by 40% of them. All respondents reported knowing the birth planning, and 87% applied it during prenatal care. The most frequent (45%) points about the birth plan were those that promoted women's empowerment and autonomy. The most cited methodological suggestions for its application were to focus on content (76%) and increase the number of meetings (50%). Individual birth planning was recognized by 79% of the participants as an important teaching strategy. Conclusion In addition to knowing birth planning and applying it, the students consider it very relevant for teaching and learning good obstetrical practices.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estudiantes , Educación Superior , Parto Humanizado , Práctica Clínica Basada en la Evidencia , Aprendizaje , Obstetricia
5.
Soins ; 64(840): 1, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847961

Asunto(s)
Estudiantes , Humanos
6.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(12): 929-934, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855053

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Excursions in natural sciences education are justified in the current school system and within the scope of subject focus. The research aimed to observe the immediate impact of demonstration of the human dissection and excursion on the formation of ideas of students about the human body systems. METHODS: The experiment involved the first Slovak demonstration of a real human autopsy for students of the Biology Teaching Department (PdF TU in Trnava). Concepts of the structure of the human body were analyzed before and after experimental impact by a projective technique. The evaluation included the representation, description, and abundance of organs in the view of various systems. The subject of the research were also the questions focused on the use of illustrative procedures and tools in the educational process. RESULTS: Significant statistical differences were found in the group affected by human autopsy in understanding of the digestive, urinary, and locomotor systems. Conversely, the skin, endocrine glands, and lymphatic system were the least represented by the experimental groups. CONCLUSION: Considering the presented results, using different organizational forms and aids (real and virtual) is essential for bringing a positive educational effect on the studied problem (Tab. 1, Fig. 5, Ref. 20).


Asunto(s)
Autopsia , Cuerpo Humano , Estudiantes/psicología , Humanos , Eslovaquia
7.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 608-614, 2019 Dec 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875438

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the caries status of the first permanent molars in urban and rural children aged 10-12 in Chongqing and analyze the related factors in order to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and targeted suggestions for oral health education. METHODS: A multi-stage, stratified, cluster, and random sampling method was used to extract 5 057 children from 18 schools in three districts and three counties in Chongqing for oral health examination and questionnaire survey from March to May 2018. RESULTS: The total caries rate of the first permanent molar was 39.2%. The decayed-missing-filled tooth was 0.84±1.20. The rate of filling teeth was 3.4%. The rate of pit and fissure sealing was 6.1%. The prevalence of the first permanent molars was significantly different between men and women, between urban and rural areas, between only children and non-only children, and between ethnic minorities and Han nationality (P<0.001). The gap between the pit and fissure sealing was significantly different between urban and rural areas (P<0.001). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that many independent factors influence the occurrence of caries, including the frequency of brushing teeth every day, the frequency of eating desserts, the habit of eating dessert/drinking milk before going to bed, whether only-children or not, and parents' education background, among others. CONCLUSIONS: The first permanent molars of children aged 10-12 in Chongqing have a high rate of caries but low rates of pit and fissure sealing and dental caries filling. The difference between urban and rural areas is large, children's oral health knowledge is scarce, and children have bad oral hygiene behaviors and eating habits. Children's oral health education must be strengthened, oral health preaching must be implemented in schools, the oral health knowledge of children in school must be improved, and urban-rural differences must be minimized.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Niño , Índice CPO , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Bucal , Higiene Bucal , Prevalencia , Estudiantes
8.
Br Dent J ; 227(12): 1025-1027, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31873256

RESUMEN

Professionalism in dental education, as well as in the wider dental profession, is a regularly discussed and debated topic. It may seem obvious what is meant by 'professionalism' and in many situations it is clear what constitutes a professional approach or behaviour, but contention exists in how to articulate, measure and consider aspects of this complex and context dependent phenomenon. Getting 'it' right early on, with our students and new graduates, is a strategic priority, contributing to 'upstream' activities which have an intention of preventing future issues or harm. The aim of this article is to summarise the challenges faced by providers of undergraduate education (and the dental regulator) in the UK in defining and determining attainment of 'professionalism' before registration. It is timely to take an opportunity for pause, re-assess frameworks and consider future direction.


Asunto(s)
Profesionalismo , Educación en Odontología , Humanos , Estudiantes
9.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 38-48, 2019 01 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851660

RESUMEN

AIM: In New Zealand, there are sexually active adolescents who are using poor or no methods of contraception, and who do not intend to become pregnant. The most effective methods of contraception suitable to this population are long acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods. A proactive LARC provision (PLP) programme has been proposed, and this study investigates whether such a model would be acceptable to adolescents. This study aims to determine how adolescents feel about a PLP programme. METHODS: We conducted four focus groups (FGs) of female adolescents at three high schools and one university residential college, with 32 participants in total. The data from these were analysed for themes using a general inductive thematic analysis approach. RESULTS: When asked how they felt about a PLP programme, the adolescents found the concept acceptable. This study identified misconceptions and myths around contraception in the adolescent population. The five identified themes were reproductive health fear, sex and body shame, adolescents' requirements for sexual health provision, barriers to contraception and sexual health knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents consider a PLP programme to be acceptable. More research is needed about the acceptability of an adolescent PLP programme in other groups, and the feasibility of such a programme.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Anticoncepción Reversible de Larga Duración/estadística & datos numéricos , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Nueva Zelanda , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos
10.
Wiad Lek ; 72(11 cz 1): 2167-2171, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860866

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article analyses systematized ideas on е-education as informational-psychological technology of educational competencies development applied to medical education. In the widest sense, е-education is interpreted as use of internet for learning. Such aspects of this informational-psychological technology, as virtual educational environment and subjects of educational process (е-student, educational technologist, librarian, teacher) are examined in the article. The aim. On the basis of the above information, one can formulate the purpose of the article, which is to present systematized representations of e-learning as an informational and psychological technology for the development of educational competencies in the process of postgraduate medical education. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the work is used a range of methods: content analysis, bibliosemantic, systematic approach, analysis of products of activity. RESULTS: Review: Features of e-education are explored as an adaptive educational technology in the process of medical education and retraining. Target-orientation is emphasized as key important principle of effective informational-psychological technology of educational competencies development. Virtual educational environment is researched as the computer-integrated е-learning, which typically includes wide set of various tools for effective delivery of e-educational content to the audience, which improves co-operation and management. The article proves that structural and contentual dimensions of е-teaching make fundamental influence on what can or can't take place within e-educational process and even on how teachers and students build their own knowledge within e-courses, build that they what do (not) know, and the process of this construction. It is mentioned that the role of content within the е-educational environment can acquire many various forms, including educational materials, reference sources, as well as any practice-related materials, like scientific articles or clinical protocols and instructions. Some most typical functions, instruments and services, usually available in a virtual educational environment, are described in the article. CONCLUSION: Conclusion is made about considerable potential of е-education as an effective informational-psychological technology of educational process in medical education.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes
12.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 75(4): 283-295, 2019.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887734

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The role of vaccination in reducing the incidence, morbidity and mortality of vaccine preventable diseases is well-known; however, vaccination uptake for some vaccine-preventable diseases remains low among Italian healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate knowledge attitudes and practice regarding mandatory vaccinations among Italian health science university students. METHODS: A multi-center study was conducted in 14 Italian universities. A standardized, previously validated and anonymous questionnaire consisting of 21 questions was administered to health science students. The students were informed on the questionnaire during a Hygiene and Preventive Medicine lesson of their degree course, so they were asked to fill it out. A multivariable logistic regression model was used, the results are expressed as adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR). RESULTS: A total of 3131 students completed the questionnaire, of whom 90% were found to be in agreement with the introduction of a mandatory vaccination law for children and 87% with the potential introduction of mandatory vaccination for health care workers. Having an insufficient/sufficient/fair level of knowledge related to vaccine preventable diseases and vaccinations, compared with having a good/excellent level of knowledge, was associated with being less supportive towards the mandatory childhood vaccination law (OR 0,64; IC 95% 0.44-0.93). CONCLUSIONS: We found that having good/excellent knowledge regarding vaccine preventable diseases and their related vaccinations is associated in a statistically significant manner to the propensity towards supporting mandatory vaccinations. This is probably due to a greater awareness of the importance of immunization and its value.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes/psicología , Vacunación , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Italia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18466, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861024

RESUMEN

Worldwide, millions of people die of sudden cardiac arrest every year. This is partly due to limited and sometimes ineffective bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The need for mouth-to-mouth contact, fear of causing harm, litigation, and the complexity of delivering CPR are the main deterrents. In view of this, the basic life support algorithm has been simplified and lay rescuers are encouraged to perform Hands-Only CPR.The objective of this study is to assess knowledge on and willingness to perform Hands-Only CPR among Malaysian college students and to determine the relationship between the two.In an online self-administered survey, college students responded to a questionnaire on demographics, exposure to CPR, knowledge on Hands-Only CPR, and their willingness to perform Hands-Only CPR in 5 different scenarios (family members or relatives, strangers, trauma victims, children, and elderly people).Data for 393 participants were analyzed. For knowledge, the mean score was 8.6 ±â€Š3.2 and the median score was 9. In the sample, 27% of the respondents did not attend any CPR training before, citing that they were unsure where to attend the course. The knowledge score among those who attended CPR training (M = 3.6, S = 2.9) was significantly higher compared to those who did not (M = 6.7, S = 3.0). Out of the 393 participants, 67.7%, 55%, 37.4%, 45%, and 49.1% were willing to perform Hands-Only CPR on family members or relatives, strangers, trauma victims, children, and elderly people, respectively. There were significant associations (P < .001) between knowledge and willing to perform Hands-Only CPR on family members or relatives (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.43, 1.43), strangers (OR = 1.31, 95% CI 1.21, 1.42), trauma victims (OR = 1.21, 95% CI 1.12, 1.31), children (OR = 1.28, 95% CI 1.19, 1.39), and elderly people (OR = 1.36 95% CI 1.25, 1.48).Based on this study, knowledge on Hands-Only CPR among local college students is not encouraging. Not many know where to attend such courses. There was significant association between knowledge and willingness to perform Hands-Only CPR.


Asunto(s)
Reanimación Cardiopulmonar , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Malasia , Masculino , Adulto Joven
14.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 17(2): 262-296, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043052

RESUMEN

Resumo (analítico) O objetivo do estudo foi analisar as perspectivas de permanência no meio rural e sucessão familiar na agricultura dos jovens e das jovens rurais estudantes do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Campus Sertão. Este estudo é uma pesquisa quantitativa. Os dados empíricos foram obtidos com questionário que contemplou a totalidade dos jovens e das jovens rurais do Campus e posteriormente foram analisados pelo programa estatístico PSPP (análises de frequência e correlação, com teste chi-square). Concluiu-se que os jovens rurais do sexo masculino são mais incentivados e têm mais interesse em serem gestores e sucessores das propriedades rurais e em permanecer no campo. Estudar na área de ciências agrárias também aumenta o interesse em serem sucessores, mas não diminui a diferença de gênero.


Abstract (analytical) The objective of the study was to analyze the possibilities of permanence in rural zones and family succession in agriculture among urban and rural students at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Sul, Sertão Campus. The empirical data in this quantitative study was obtained through a survey that included all of the rural and urban youth at the campus. This data was later analyzed by the PSPP statistical program (chi-square test). It was concluded that young rural men are more encouraged and more interested in being the operators and successors of rural properties and have more interest in continuing to live in rural areas. Agricultural science students also demonstrate more interest in family succession, but the gender different remains in this population.


Resumen (analítico) El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las perspectivas de permanencia en el medio rural y la sucesión familiar en la agricultura de los jóvenes y de las jóvenes rurales estudiantes del Instituto Federal de Educación, Ciencia y Tecnología de Rio Grande do Sul, Campus Sertão. Este estudio es una investigación cuantitativa. Los datos empíricos fueron obtenidos mediante cuestionario que comprendió la totalidad de los jóvenes y de las jóvenes rurales del Campus, y posteriormente fue analizado por el programa estadístico PSPP (Análisis de frecuencia y correlación, con prueba Chi-square). Se concluyó que los jóvenes rurales del sexo masculino son más incentivados y tienen más interés en ser gestores y sucesores de las propiedades rurales y en permanecer en el campo. Estudiar en el área de las ciencias agrarias también aumenta el interés en ser sucesores, pero no disminuye la diferencia de género.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes , Migración Interna , Adolescente , Identidad de Género
15.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 7(2): 23-32, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046583

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el pH salival y la prevalencia de caries dental en escolares de 6 a 12 años de la ciudad de Lima. Metodología: Estudio transversal desarrollado en 129 escolares de la institución educativa San Gabriel, del distrito de Villa María del Triunfo, en 2017. Se obtuvieron las mediciones del pH salival en los pacientes mediante el uso del pH-metro, asistido por tiras de papel y se evaluó la presencia de caries dental mediante el método CPO-D. También se evaluaron las características de sexo y edad de todos los pacientes. La estadística emplea las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado y se trabajó a un nivel de significancia de p < 0,05. Resultados: Se encontró una prevalencia de caries dental del 85,3% en escolares entre los 6 y 12 años. La prevalencia de caries según el género fue del 45,7% en niñas y el 39,5% en varones. No se encontró asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el género y la prevalencia de caries dental (p = 0,935). El 55% del grupo muestral presentó un pH ácido; el 41,1%, un pH neutro, y el 3,9%, un pH alcalino. Se determinó la existencia de una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre pH salival y caries dental (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Existe una relación directa entre el pH salival y la prevalencia de caries dental. Se calculó que el 95,8% de los pacientes con un pH salival ácido presentaron caries dental. (AU)


Objective: To determine the relationship between the salivary pH and the prevalence of dental caries in school children between the ages of 6 and 12 in the city of Lima. Methods: Transversal study of prevalence carried out on 129 schoolchildren from the "San Gabriel" Educational Institution from the district of Villa Maria del Triunfo, in the year 2017. The salivary pH measurements were obtained using the pH-meter with the respective test-strips, and the presence of caries was evaluated in patients utilizing the CPO-D method. In addition, the sex and age characteristics were evaluated in all the patients. The statistics employed the Chi-squared test and we worked at a level of significance of p < 0.05. Results: The prevalence of dental caries found in schoolchildren between 6 and 12 years old is 85,3%. The prevalence of caries in accordance to gender was 45,7% amongst girls and 39,5% amongst boys. No statistically significant association was found between gender and the prevalence of dental caries (p = 0,935). 55% of the sample group exhibited an acidic pH, while 41,1% had a neutral pH, and 3, 9% an alkaline pH respectively. There is a statistically significant association between the salivary pH and dental caries. (p < 0,001). Conclusions: There's an existing association between salivary pH and the prevalence of dental caries. It was calculated that 95,8% of the patients with an acidic salivary pH presented dental caries. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Saliva , Estudiantes , Caries Dental , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno
17.
J Law Med ; 26(4): 922-942, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682367

RESUMEN

Teachers' professional misconduct is rarely researched but of great public concern, given the potential impact upon students. Further, international concern has been expressed regarding teachers' wellbeing, including their working conditions. This study investigates the relationship between teachers' wellbeing and professional misconduct. We conducted a thematic analysis of disciplinary cases from the New Zealand Teachers Disciplinary Tribunal (NZTDT) between 2017 and 2018. Of the 41 disciplinary decisions from this period, 34 included references to teachers' health and wellbeing, including psychological stress at work and in their personal lives; psychiatric diagnoses; use of alcohol and other drugs; and emotional maturity. Breach of professional boundaries and inappropriate use of force were the leading reasons for discipline. The analysis illuminates a complex relationship between teachers' wellbeing and discipline, whereby diminished wellbeing may contribute to misconduct and be further affected by the disciplinary proceedings. Preventive strategies could include health-based interventions as part of professional development.


Asunto(s)
Mala Conducta Profesional , Maestros , Humanos , Nueva Zelanda , Estrés Psicológico , Estudiantes
18.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180074, 2019.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691743

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To analyze how students with Language Disorders receive remedial teaching in inclusive settings in Portugal. METHODS: We developed a questionnaire based on the literature review, and applied it to 123 elementary teachers in Portugal. We performed a descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of the dependent variables using parametric tests. RESULTS: Descriptive analysis revealed that most teachers know the concept of language disorders and consider it important to the development of language when supporting students with this problem. However, over half of the respondents answered that they have no training and enough information about the acquisition and development of language, and don´t consider having sufficient knowledge to contribute to the identification of students with language disorders. Results for inferential statistics showed statistically significant differences regarding gender; length of service and district, as well as a good internal consistency in relation to the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: Results highlight the need for training and information about acquisition and development of language, and more specifically in relation to language disorders. It also showed that elementary teachers may find difficulties in intervention with students with language disorders, and particularly, to adequate strategies to their needs, particularly when developing Individualized Educational Programs for their students in a team.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos del Lenguaje , Educación Compensatoria , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Lenguaje , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Portugal , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enseñanza , Adulto Joven
19.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180319, 2019.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691747

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To gather information about vocal health and hygiene, voice symptoms, and voice handicap from drama students with and without vocal complaints. METHODS: A total of 57 drama students participated of this study. They were divided into two groups: no vocal complaints group (NCG), with 39 students; and with vocal complaints group (WCG), with 18 students. The participants answered to three self-assessment protocols: 1. Vocal Health and Hygiene Questionnaire (VHHQ), 2. Voice Symptom Scale (VoiSS); and 3. Voice Handicap Index (VHI-10). RESULTS: No difference was observed between groups related to the knowledge of vocal health and hygiene. The drama students from the WCG presented higher scores, more voice symptoms in all subscales of the VoiSS, and more voice handicap, e.g,higher VHI-10 scores than the NCG. The more knowledge on vocal health and hygiene (VHHQ total score) was followed by less voice symptoms, which represents lower scores in the VoiSS total score and, in emotional domain, and it was only perceived voice handicap (VHI-10 total score) in the NCG. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in knowledge of vocal health and hygiene among drama students with and without vocal complaints. However, drama students with vocal complaints presented more voice symptoms and reported greater perception of voice handicap, which was negatively correlated with knowledge of vocal health and hygiene.


Asunto(s)
Drama , Trastornos de la Voz/diagnóstico , Calidad de la Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Autoevaluación , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Trastornos de la Voz/fisiopatología , Adulto Joven
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 307, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692864

RESUMEN

Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance (AR) is on a rise as one of the major global public health threats. It is therefore important to assess contributory factors to the rise in the cases of resistance reported. The main objective of this study was to assess the self-medication practices with antibiotics among the University of Rwanda students in Huye Campus. Methods: A sample of 570 students from all levels and colleges of the University of Rwanda in Huye Campus were selected using a simple random sampling to participate in this study. A questionnaire was administered to be answered individually by the consented respondents where the self-medication practices with antibiotics in the past 6 months were assessed. The results were statistically analyzed using SPSS v.16. Results: The study showed that 12.1% (n=69) practiced self-medication with antibiotics. The major reason for self-medication with antibiotics was illness not serious to have a consultation (50.72%). The main diseases being treated were common cold/fever/cough (47.83%). The most used antibiotic for self-medication was Amoxicillin capsules (59.42%), while the main source of antibiotics was the community pharmacy (72.42%). Conclusion: Self-medication with antibiotics is not uncommon among the university students. Regarding the main reasons of self-medication with antibiotics, diseases being treated, and the antibiotics used, it was found that all these may be related to the students' lack of knowledge about the need for rational use of antibiotics and a study was needed to confirm it.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/administración & dosificación , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Automedicación/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Rwanda , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
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