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1.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249423, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798204

RESUMEN

Despite the wide adoption of emergency remote learning (ERL) in higher education during the COVID-19 pandemic, there is insufficient understanding of influencing factors predicting student satisfaction for this novel learning environment in crisis. The present study investigated important predictors in determining the satisfaction of undergraduate students (N = 425) from multiple departments in using ERL at a self-funded university in Hong Kong while Moodle and Microsoft Team are the key learning tools. By comparing the predictive accuracy between multiple regression and machine learning models before and after the use of random forest recursive feature elimination, all multiple regression, and machine learning models showed improved accuracy while the most accurate model was the elastic net regression with 65.2% explained variance. The results show only neutral (4.11 on a 7-point Likert scale) regarding the overall satisfaction score on ERL. Even majority of students are competent in technology and have no obvious issue in accessing learning devices or Wi-Fi, face-to-face learning is more preferable compared to ERL and this is found to be the most important predictor. Besides, the level of efforts made by instructors, the agreement on the appropriateness of the adjusted assessment methods, and the perception of online learning being well delivered are shown to be highly important in determining the satisfaction scores. The results suggest that the need of reviewing the quality and quantity of modified assessment accommodated for ERL and structured class delivery with the suitable amount of interactive learning according to the learning culture and program nature.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia , Satisfacción Personal , Psicología Educacional , Estudiantes/psicología , /prevención & control , Femenino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Aprendizaje Automático , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
2.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(3): e24275, 2021 03 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690142

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has forced drastic changes to daily life, from the implementation of stay-at-home orders to mandating facial coverings and limiting in-person gatherings. While the relaxation of these control measures has varied geographically, it is widely agreed that contact tracing efforts will play a major role in the successful reopening of businesses and schools. As the volume of positive cases has increased in the United States, it has become clear that there is room for digital health interventions to assist in contact tracing. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of a mobile-friendly app designed to supplement manual COVID-19 contact tracing efforts on a university campus. Here, we present the results of a development and validation study centered around the use of the MyCOVIDKey app on the Vanderbilt University campus during the summer of 2020. METHODS: We performed a 6-week pilot study in the Stevenson Center Science and Engineering Complex on Vanderbilt University's campus in Nashville, TN. Graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, faculty, and staff >18 years who worked in Stevenson Center and had access to a mobile phone were eligible to register for a MyCOVIDKey account. All users were encouraged to complete regular self-assessments of COVID-19 risk and to key in to sites by scanning a location-specific barcode. RESULTS: Between June 17, 2020, and July 29, 2020, 45 unique participants created MyCOVIDKey accounts. These users performed 227 self-assessments and 1410 key-ins. Self-assessments were performed by 89% (n=40) of users, 71% (n=32) of users keyed in, and 48 unique locations (of 71 possible locations) were visited. Overall, 89% (202/227) of assessments were determined to be low risk (ie, asymptomatic with no known exposures), and these assessments yielded a CLEAR status. The remaining self-assessments received a status of NOT CLEAR, indicating either risk of exposure or symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 (7.5% [n=17] and 3.5% [n=8] of self-assessments indicated moderate and high risk, respectively). These 25 instances came from 8 unique users, and in 19 of these instances, the at-risk user keyed in to a location on campus. CONCLUSIONS: Digital contact tracing tools may be useful in assisting organizations to identify persons at risk of COVID-19 through contact tracing, or in locating places that may need to be cleaned or disinfected after being visited by an index case. Incentives to continue the use of such tools can improve uptake, and their continued usage increases utility to both organizational and public health efforts. Parameters of digital tools, including MyCOVIDKey, should ideally be optimized to supplement existing contact tracing efforts. These tools represent a critical addition to manual contact tracing efforts during reopening and sustained regular activity.


Asunto(s)
Trazado de Contacto , Procesamiento Automatizado de Datos , Aplicaciones Móviles , Adulto , /prevención & control , Trazado de Contacto/métodos , Docentes/psicología , Docentes/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Aplicaciones Móviles/estadística & datos numéricos , Proyectos Piloto , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Tennessee/epidemiología , Universidades , Adulto Joven
4.
Glob Health Res Policy ; 6(1): 10, 2021 03 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712081

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Education institutions promptly implemented a set of steps to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among international Chinese students, such as restrictive physical exercise, mask wear, daily health reporting, etc. Success of such behavioral change campaigns largely depends on awareness building, satisfaction and trust on the authorities. The purpose of this current study is to assess the preventive, supportive and awareness-building steps taken during the COVID-19 pandemic for international students in China, that will be useful for planning such a behavioral change campaign in the potential pandemic situation in other parts of the world. METHODS: We conducted an online-based e-questionnaire survey among 467 international students in China through WeChat. The data collection duration was from February 20, 2020 to March 10, 2020 and we focused on their level of awareness, satisfaction, and trust in authorities regarding pandemic measures. Simple bivariate statistics was used to describe the background characteristics of the respondents along with adoption of the partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) as the final model to demonstrate the relationship between the variables. RESULTS: In our study, the leading group of the respondents were within 31 to 35 years' age group (39.82%), male (61.88%), living single (58.24%) and doctoral level students (39.8%). The preventive and supportive measures taken by students and/or provided by the respective institution or authorities were positively related to students' satisfaction and had an acceptable strength (ß = 0.611, t = 9.679, p < 0.001). The trust gained in authorities also showed an acceptable strength (ß = 0.381, t = 5.653, p < 0.001) with a positive direction. Again, the personnel awareness building related to both students' satisfaction (ß = 0.295, t = 2.719, p < 0.001) and trust gain (ß = 0.131, t = 1.986, p < 0.05) in authorities had a positive and acceptable intensity. Therefore, our study clearly demonstrates the great impact of preventive and supportive measures in the development of students' satisfaction (R2 = 0.507 indicating moderate relationship). The satisfied students possessed a strong influence which eventually helped in building sufficient trust on their institutions (R2 = 0.797 indicating above substantial relationship). CONCLUSIONS: The worldwide student group is one of the most affected and vulnerable communities in this situation. So, there is a profound ground of research on how different states or authorities handle such situation. In this study, we have depicted the types and magnitude of care taken by Chinese government and educational institutions towards international students to relieve the panic of pandemic situation. Further research and such initiatives should be taken in to consideration for future emerging conditions.


Asunto(s)
Concienciación , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Satisfacción Personal , Estudiantes/psicología , Adulto , China , Femenino , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Análisis de los Mínimos Cuadrados , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Modelos Teóricos , Servicios Preventivos de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Grupos de Autoayuda/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e24961, 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787582

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: It is important to investigate children's eating habits based on different eating behaviors such as satiety responsiveness (SR), slowness in eating (SE), food fussiness (FF), food responsiveness (FR), enjoyment of food (EF), desire to drink (DD), emotional under-eating (EUE), and emotional over-eating (EOE). The main objective of this research was to investigate whether gender affects the eating habits of Nigerian school children.A cross-sectional survey was conducted between March and June 2019. A total of 120 parents of school children participated in the study. The Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) was used to collect data. The CEBQ is composed of 35 items and eight subscales.Based on the analysis of parents' reports, DD was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 7.086, P < .001; EOE was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 5.184, P < .001; EF was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 2.183, P < .001; FF was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 9.441, P < .001; and SR was higher in boys than girls, t (118) = 7.323, P < .001. However, EUE was lower in boys than girls, t (118) = -4.339, P < .001; FR was lower in boys than girls, t(118) = -3.112, P < .001; SE was lower in boys than girls, t(118) = -3.832, P < .001; thus, gender had a significant influence on eating habits of the school children.Gender significantly affects the eating habits of Nigerian school children. Thus, gender is an important factor to be considered when aiming to improve the eating habits of Nigerian school children.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Infantil/psicología , Conducta Alimentaria/psicología , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/epidemiología , Factores Sexuales , Estudiantes/psicología , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/psicología , Femenino , Irritabilidad Alimentaria , Humanos , Hiperfagia/psicología , Masculino , Nigeria/epidemiología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
J Public Health Manag Pract ; 27(3): 258-267, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762541

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether students in minority race categories are more likely to experience race-related bias and hatred in their lifetime and since the onset of COVID-19, after controlling the effect of demographic and other variables. METHODS: This quantitative study used primary data from the survey of 1249 college students at one of the universities in Georgia during April and May 2020. We performed multinomial logistic regression, computing 2 models for the 2 ordinal dependent variables concerning students' experience of race-related bias and hatred-(a) during their lifetime and (b) since the onset of COVID-19 in March 2020-both measured as "never," "rarely," "sometimes," and "fairly often or very often." RESULTS: During their lifetime, 47.5% of students had experienced some level of bias or hatred, ranging from "rarely" to "very often." Since the onset of COVID-19 on March 2 in Georgia, in a short period of 1 to 2 months, 17.6% of students reported experiencing race-related bias or hatred. Univariate statistics revealed substantial differences in race-related bias and hatred by race, experienced during students' lifetime as well as since the onset of COVID-19. Results of multinomial logistic regression showed that the odds of having experienced bias or hatred during their lifetime were significantly higher (P < .05) for the Black students than for White students (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 75.8, for very often or often vs never; AOR = 42 for sometimes vs never). Compared with White students, the odds of hatred and bias were also significantly higher for students who were Asian, multiple races, or another non-White race. The odds of having experienced race-related bias and hatred since the onset of COVID-19 were also higher for Black Asian, multiple races, and other non-White students. CONCLUSIONS: This study adds critical scientific evidence about variation in the perception of bias and hatred that should draw policy attention to race-related issues experienced by college students in the United States.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Grupos Étnicos/psicología , Grupos Minoritarios/psicología , Racismo/psicología , Racismo/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Afroamericanos/psicología , Afroamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Georgia/epidemiología , Hispanoamericanos/psicología , Hispanoamericanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
8.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12209, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665926

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused devastating damage to employment globally, particularly among the non-standard workforce. The objective of this study was to identify the effects of the pandemic on the employment status and lives of working students in Japan. METHODS: The Labour Force Survey (January 2019 to May 2020) was used to examine changes in students' work situations. In addition, to investigate the economic and health conditions of university students during the pandemic, the Student Lifestyle Survey was conducted in late May 2020. This survey asked students at a national university in Tokyo about recent changes in their studies, work, and lives. RESULTS: The number of working students reported in the Labour Force Survey has declined sharply since March 2020, falling by 780,000 (46%) in April. According to a survey of university students' living conditions, 37% were concerned about living expenses and tuition fees, and a higher percentage of students who were aware of financial insecurity had poor self-rated health. CONCLUSION: Nearly half of working students have lost their jobs during the pandemic in Japan, which has affected their lives, studies, and health. There is a need to monitor the impact of economic insecurity on students' studies and health over time, and to expand the safety net for disadvantaged students.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Empleo/psicología , Estilo de Vida , Salud Laboral/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Japón , Masculino , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Equilibrio entre Vida Personal y Laboral , Adulto Joven
9.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247999, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667243

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The Covid-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented stress to students and educational institutions across the world. We aimed to estimate the effect of the pandemic on the mental health of college students. METHODS: We used data on 419 first-year students (ages 18-20) at a large public university in North Carolina both before (October 2019-February 2020) and after (June/July 2020) the start of the Covid-19 pandemic. After evaluating descriptive data on mental health and stressors by students' demographic characteristics, we estimated the associations between Covid-19 stressors (including work reductions, health, distanced learning difficulties and social isolation) and mental health symptoms and severity controlling for students' pre-pandemic mental health, psychosocial resources, and demographic characteristics. RESULTS: We found that the prevalence of moderate-severe anxiety increased from 18.1% before the pandemic to 25.3% within four months after the pandemic began; and the prevalence of moderate-severe depression increased from 21.5% to 31.7%. White, female and sexual/gender minority (SGM) students were at highest risk of increases in anxiety symptoms. Non-Hispanic (NH) Black, female, and SGM students were at highest risk of increases in depression symptoms. General difficulties associated with distanced learning and social isolation contributed to the increases in both depression and anxiety symptoms. However, work reductions as well as Covid-19 diagnosis and hospitalization of oneself, family members or friends were not associated with increases in depression or anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSION: Colleges may be able to reduce the mental health consequences of Covid-19 by investing in resources to reduce difficulties with distance learning and reduce social isolation during the pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/etiología , Depresión/etiología , Salud Mental , Estudiantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Educación a Distancia , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , North Carolina/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Aislamiento Social , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Adulto Joven
10.
Curr Pharm Teach Learn ; 13(3): 193-197, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641726

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining self-motivation during challenging times can be difficult. In this commentary, we consider self-determination theory to explore factors that can influence intrinsic motivation to progress scholarly work. The place of extrinsic motivation is also considered, on the continuum of self-determination. COMMENTARY: Using the components of self-determination theory, autonomy, mastery, and connection; academics, clinicians, and students, working in different environments, were asked to provide personal experiences and perspectives on their ability to maintain motivation during the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Self-assessment questions were used to guide reflections. IMPLICATIONS: Motivation, and in particular intrinsic motivation, can be impacted negatively during challenging times. Using a motivation framework can help identify personal factors that can be strengthened and developed over time. It is recognised that extrinsic factors are important in maintaining motivation. However, intrinsic motivation is a powerful driver to sustain and progress high quality work. Practical strategies and ideas are described to harness and develop self-motivation to pursue scholarly work, during challenging times.


Asunto(s)
Motivación/fisiología , Pandemias , Estudiantes/psicología , Humanos , Autonomía Personal
11.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 148, 2021 03 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33654058

RESUMEN

The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a public health emergency of international concern. In China, all schools were shut down and students were home quarantined to prevent disease spread; these steps could have potential negative effects on mental health of adolescents. This study aimed to examine changes in depression and anxiety among Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19 epidemic, and explore factors associated with depression and anxiety. Two survey administrations were conducted among Chinese adolescents between February 20 and February 27 and between April 11 and April 19, 2020, respectively. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale were used to assess depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms, respectively. A total of 9554 and 3886 adolescents participated in the first and second surveys. During the initial survey, the prevalence of depression was 36.6% (95% CI: 35.6-37.6%) while the prevalence of anxiety was 19% (95% CI: 18.2-19.8%). Rates of depression and anxiety increased to 57.0% (95% CI: 55.4-58.6%) and 36.7% (95% CI: 35.2-38.2%), respectively, in the second survey. Multivariable logistic regression analyses revealed that group membership in the second survey, female gender, senior secondary school enrollment, and concerns about entering a higher grade were positively associated with both depression and anxiety. Conversely, a sleep duration of ≥6 h/day, an exercise duration ≥30 min/day, having the same as typical or higher study efficiency during the COVID-19 outbreak, and living in provinces with 1000-9999 confirmed COVID-19 cases were negatively associated with depression and anxiety. In conclusion, compared to figures reported during the COVID-19 outbreak, the prevalence of depression and anxiety in Chinese adolescents significantly increased after the initial outbreak. Regular screening and appropriate interventions are urgently needed to reduce the risk for emotional disturbances among adolescents during and after the initial COVID-19 outbreaks.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Ansiedad/epidemiología , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática/psicología , /psicología , Trastorno Depresivo/epidemiología , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670078

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) rapidly escalated to a global pandemic. To control the rate of transmission, governments advocated that the public practice social distancing, which included staying at home. However, compliance with stay-at-home orders has varied between countries such as China and the United States, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying the national differences. Based on the health belief model, the theory of reasoned action, and the technology acceptance model, health beliefs and behavioral intention are suggested as possible explanations. A total of 498 Chinese and 292 American college students were recruited to complete an online survey. The structural equation modeling results showed that health beliefs (i.e., perceived susceptibility, severity, and barriers) and behavioral intention played multiple mediating roles in the association between nationality and actual stay-at-home behaviors. Notably, the effect via perceived barriers → behavioral intention was stronger than the effects via perceived susceptibility and severity → behavioral intention. That is, American participants perceived high levels of susceptibility whereas Chinese participants perceived high levels of severity, especially few barriers, which further led to increased behavioral intention and more frequent stay-at-home behaviors. These findings not only facilitate a comprehensive understanding of cross-country differences in compliance with stay-at-home orders during peaks in the COVID-19 pandemic but also lend support for mitigation of the current global crisis and future disease prevention and health promotion efforts.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Pandemias , Cuarentena/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/psicología , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Universidades
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670639

RESUMEN

The majority of research on the fear of missing out (FOMO) has focused on understanding how social media posts about attractive unattended experiences taking place in the physical world (e.g., a friend's vacation) influence individuals' affective states. With quarantine measures in place, and in the absence of travel and party photos on social media, do individuals feel they are missing out on enjoyable experiences? The current work shows that FOMO has not disappeared during the pandemic, even when socially distancing at home, but has been replaced by feelings towards new online activities (e.g., online concerts, virtual gatherings). As a consequence, we find that FOMO threatens well-being by causing important psychological and health issues, such as sleep deprivation, loss of focus, declined productivity, and finding relief in knowing that others have difficulty keeping up with abundant digital content. Importantly, we find these consequential effects both during the initial (May 2020) and late stages (December 2020) of the pandemic. With excessive Internet use and virtual FOMO likely to be a continuing reality of life, questions remain as to how one can refrain from its negative effects and stay healthy during the pandemic and in the post-pandemic era. We discuss remedies and suggest new research avenues that may help elevate the negative consequences of FOMO on well-being.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Participación Social/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Miedo , Humanos
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672372

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health status of healthcare professionals (HCPs) and undergraduate students in the health sciences center (HSCUs). In addition, it explored the factors associated with the increased levels of mental health burden among the study population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using two online-administered questionnaires: the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7), which were distributed in parallel to HCPs and HSCUs in Kuwait. These instruments are validated assessment scales to assess mental health status: depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7). Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS- version 25. RESULTS: A total of 857 individuals (559 HCPs and 298 HSCUs) participated in this study. The prevalence of moderately severe depression or severe depression (PHQ-9 total score of ≥15) among respondents was 66.6%. The median (interquartile range, IQR) PHQ-9 score was significantly higher among HSCUs (20 {11.5}) compared to HCPs (17 {8}). The prevalence of severe anxiety (GAD-7 total score of ≥15) among respondents was 36.7%. There were no significant differences between the median (IQR) GAD-7 scores among the HCPs (14 {7}) and HSCUs (13 {8}). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that three variables were significantly and independently associated with severe depression among HCPs. The prevalence of severe depression was found to be greater among females compared to males. In addition, it was significantly lower among those who were aged ≥50 years, and those who reported that they were not in direct contact with COVID-19 patients. Among HSCUs, females showed greater depression than males. In contrast, those aged >29 years and who had no history of chronic disease showed lower depression compared to their counterparts in the 18-29 years age group and who had a chronic disease history. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant negative impact on the mental health of HCPs and HSCUs in Kuwait. This highlights the need for proactive efforts to support their mental health and well-being through educational campaigns and psychological support programs.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Kuwait/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25030, 2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725978

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The stress level of undergraduates is increasing at an alarming rate. This study's objective was to determine the effect of critical thinking intervention (CTI) for stress reduction among undergraduates in Nigerian Universities. METHODS: This research used a pretest-posttest design. Participants were 103 undergraduates who had experienced a high level of stress. The Academic Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) and the Educational Stress Scale (ESSS) were the measures used for data collection in the study, while repeated measures analysis of variance was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Before the intervention, assessment results showed that the stress level of participants was high, with no difference between those undergraduates in the treatment group and those in the no-treatment control group. After the intervention, the assessment results indicated a significant reduction in the undergraduates' stress level in the treatment group compared to those in the no-treatment control group. Further significant reduction was observed in the undergraduates' stress level in the treatment group compared to those in the no-treatment control group after follow-up assessment. CONCLUSION: The authors concluded that CTI intervention was significantly effective for stress reduction among undergraduates in Nigerian Universities. Therefore, counselors are called upon to adopt the principle of CTI intervention to help patients under stress reduce their stress levels.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Mente-Cuerpo/métodos , Estrés Psicológico/terapia , Estudiantes/psicología , Pensamiento , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Resultado del Tratamiento , Universidades , Adulto Joven
16.
J Psychol ; 155(3): 334-355, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705270

RESUMEN

Past studies examining the direct relationship between private self-consciousness and online self-presentation behavior have not met with much success. The aim of this study was to examine the direct relationship between private self-consciousness and self-monitoring as well as the indirect relationship between these two variables through the mediation of locus of control and self-concept among Instagram users. Besides investigating locus of control and self-concept independently, serial mediation of locus of control and self-concept in the relationship between private self-consciousness and self-monitoring was also examined. A sample of 309 university students was conveniently drawn from three private universities in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed a survey that collected data on private self-consciousness, internal locus of control, self-concept, self-monitoring on Instagram and relevant demographic data. Results of this study showed that there is no direct relationship between private self-consciousness and self-monitoring on Instagram. Independently, locus of control was found to mediate the relationship between private self-consciousness and self-monitoring while self-concept did not. The serial-multiple mediation test supported the mediating role of locus of control and self-concept on this relationship. These indirect relationships contribute to our understanding of the underlying mechanism through which private self-consciousness influences self-monitoring on Instagram.


Asunto(s)
Control Interno-Externo , Autoimagen , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Estudiantes , Humanos , Malasia , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades
17.
J Psychol ; 155(3): 257-274, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724906

RESUMEN

This paper presents a study that aims to identify the trajectory of job tension during a challenge-based learning (CBL) activity and study the role of student workgroup emotional intelligence in such a context. More longitudinal research on student stress is deemed necessary. The authors used Karasek's demand-control model (1979), collected longitudinal data (gathered at ten time points) from a 73-member team participating in an international student competition, and analyzed the data using the latent growth model approach. To the authors' knowledge no research has used panel data with multiple time points to explore the trajectory of job tension during a challenge-based learning activity. The findings indicate that the job tension of teams participating in a challenge-based learning activity has a quadratic rate of change, and that student work group emotional intelligence predicts individual differences with respect to team-level job tension. Practical implications include actions to improve the implementation of CBL tasks and to better deal with job tension and emotional intelligence in working groups.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Emocional , Estrés Laboral , Estudiantes , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Estudios Longitudinales , Estrés Laboral/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología
18.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 28(1): 149-157, 2021 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775081

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic all schools in Poland were closed and obliged to conduct lessons remotely. The aim of the study is to present the demographic analysis of difficulties with remote learning, as perceived by students during coronavirus pandemic in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In April 2020, a nationwide online survey was conducted among adolescents aged 11-18 (N=2408). Quantitative and qualitative data were used. Teenagers were asked about the problems connected with remote learning. In order to examine the overall level of remote learning difficulties, a scale of remote learning difficulties (RLD) was devised (range 0-23 points). Differences connected with gender, age and place of residence were analysed. RESULTS: More than a half of the teenagers surveyed rated the increased demands from teachers as a major problem. This answer appeared statistically more often among girls than boys (59.6% v. 53.2%). Almost every third adolescent saw the lack of consultation (31.6%) as a significant problem. Difficulties related to learning in the remote system were most often described as considerable by the oldest students (17-18-years-old) and those living in rural areas. The big problem for them was usually much higher requirements of teachers and poor organization of distance learning. The mean level on the scale of remote learning burden was M=11.9 (SD=7.1). Technical difficulties and insufficient skills in using software constituted additional problems most frequently mentioned by students. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to pay particular attention to organizing appropriate technical conditions for remote learning, especially in rural areas, where students have complained more often than in cities about equipment and problems with access to the Internet during the pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia/métodos , Acceso a Internet/estadística & datos numéricos , Enseñanza , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Polonia , Población Rural , Estudiantes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 426, 2021 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648486

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing and hand hygiene have been the primary means of reducing transmission in the absence of effective treatments or vaccines, but understanding of their determinants is limited. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and socio-cognitive perceptions, and their associations with such protective behaviours, in UK university students. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey of 293 students was undertaken on 13 May 2020. Survey questions addressed demographics, knowledge of the disease and effectiveness of the protective measures, risk perception, socio-cognitive perceptions (e.g. attitude, social support, and self-efficacy), habit, time factors and trust, as well as the hand hygiene and social distancing behaviours. Multiple linear regression was used to identify the strongest associations of potential determinants with behaviour. RESULTS: Participants reported high levels of social distancing with 88.9% answering "Mostly" or "Always" for every activity, but only 42.0% reporting the same for all hand hygiene activities. Knowledge of the effectiveness of each activity in preventing transmission was high, with 90.7% and 93.5% respectively identifying at least 7 of 8 hand hygiene or 9 of 10 social distancing activities correctly. Habit (ß = 0.39, p = 0.001) and time factors (ß = 0.28, p = 0.001) were the greatest contributors to unique variance in hand hygiene behaviour, followed by ethnicity (ß = - 0.13, p = 0.014) and risk perception (ß = 0.13, p = 0.016). For social distancing behaviour, the determinants were self-efficacy (ß = 0.25, p < 0.001), perceived advantages (ß = 0.15, p = 0.022), trust in policy (ß = 0.14, p = 0.026) and gender (ß = - 0.14, p = 0.016). Regression models explained 40% hand hygiene and 25% social distancing variance. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that communications about effectiveness of hand hygiene and social distancing behaviours had been effective in terms of knowledge acquisition. However, in the light of likely second waves of COVID-19, attention to maintaining social distancing behaviour and improving hand hygiene behaviour may need to address more difficult areas of changing habits, overcoming time factors and building trust, as well as interventions to increase self-efficacy and address risk perception concerns.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Higiene de las Manos/estadística & datos numéricos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido , Universidades
20.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 45(1): 129-133, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661051

RESUMEN

In 2020 universities had to quickly implement remote education alternatives as a result of the social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. To keep students engaged with the university, we implemented a teaching-learning model that relates physiology contents to the COVID-19 pandemic using online educational platforms. A 1-mo web course was proposed for health sciences students from the Federal University of Pampa. It included synchronous meetings twice a week and asynchronous activities using scientific articles, case studies, and interactive online tools. The students approved the methodology developed, assessing it as dynamic and innovative. They reported that the activity helped to better understand the relations between COVID-19 and physiological systems. The web course also contributed to the identification of reliable sources of news and stimulated the sharing of scientific content with their families. We concluded that the use of online platforms contextualizing the physiology content considering current events helps students in learning human physiology and improves their abilities to apply this information to their daily life, in this specific case, regarding the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
/fisiopatología , Educación a Distancia/métodos , Pandemias , Fisiología/educación , /fisiología , Brasil , Comportamiento del Consumidor , Curriculum , Evaluación Educacional , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades
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