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1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 35(1): 15-24, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-213765

RESUMEN

Objetivo. Validación de un indicador de mortalidad derivado durante los primeros meses de la pandemia de la COVID-19 en pacientes con COVID-19 atendidos durante la sexta ola epidémica en un servicio de urgencias hospitalario (SUH). Método. Estudio observacional prospectivo no intervencionista. Se incluyeron pacientes > 18 años diagnosticados de casos confirmados de COVID-19 (1 diciembre 2021-28 febrero 2022). Se calculó el indicador para cada paciente: edad $ 50 años (2 puntos), índice de Barthel < 90 puntos (1 punto), alteración de consciencia (1 punto), índice de SaO2/FIO2 < 400 (1 punto), auscultación respiratoria patológica (1 punto), plaquetas < 100 x 109/L (1 punto), proteína C reactiva $ 5 mg/dL (1 punto) y filtrado glomerular < 45 mL/min (1 punto). El rendimiento del indicador se valoró con el análisis del área bajo la curva de la característica operativa del receptor (ABC-COR). Resultados. De los 1.156 pacientes incluidos en el estudio, 790 (68%) habían recibido como mínimo una dosis de vacuna. La probabilidad de supervivencia a los 30 días de la serie fue del 96%. El indicador de riesgo se pudo calcular en 609 pacientes. Cuatrocientos diecisiete pacientes se clasificaron como de riesgo bajo, 182 de riesgo intermedio y 10 de riesgo alto. La probabilidad de mortalidad a los 30 días fue de 1%, 13% y 50%, respectivamente. La sensibilidad, especificidad y valores predictivos positivo y negativo para un punto de corte menor o igual a 3 puntos fue 88%, 72%, 19%, 99%, respectivamente. El ABC-COR para el indicador fue de 0,87. Conclusión. Un valor del indicador de bajo riesgo permite dar de alta con seguridad a los pacientes con COVID-19 que se atienden en un SUH de un centro de tercer nivel. (AU)


Objective. To validate risk factors for mortality in patients treated for COVID-19 in a hospital emergency department during the sixth wave of the pandemic. Method. Prospective observational noninterventional study. We included patients over the age of 18 years with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 between December 1, 2021, and February 28, 2022. For each patient we calculated a risk score based on age 50 years or older (2 points) plus 1 point each for the presence of the following predictors: Barthel index less than 90 points, altered level of consciousness, ratio of arterial oxygen saturation to fraction of inspired oxygen less than 400, abnormal breath sounds, platelet concentration less than 100 × 109 /L, C-reactive protein level of 5 mg/dL or more, and glomerular filtration rate less than 45 mL/min. The model was assessed with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results. Of the 1156 patients included, 790 (68%) had received at least 2 vaccine doses. The probability of 30-day survival was 96%. A risk score was calculated for 609 patients. Four hundred seventeen patients were at low risk of death, 180 were at intermediate risk, and 10 were at high risk. The probability of death within 30 days was 1%, 13%, and 50% for patients in the 3 risk groups, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of a risk score of 3 points or less were 88%, 72%, 19%, 99%, respectively.The AUC for the model was 0.87. Conclusion. The risk model identified low risk of mortality and allowed us to safely discharge patients treated for COVID-19 in our tertiary-care hospital emergency department. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Pandemias , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/mortalidad , Vacunación Masiva , Virus del SRAS , Estudios Prospectivos
2.
Actas urol. esp ; 47(1): 15-21, jan.- feb. 2023. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-214417

RESUMEN

Objetivo La litiasis urinaria es una enfermedad prevalente y con elevado impacto socioeconómico, donde la cirugía endourológica ha demostrado excelentes resultados con mínimas complicaciones. Por su parte, la cirugía ambulatoria es un modelo asistencial eficiente, seguro y de calidad. Presentamos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento endourológico ambulatorio de la litiasis renoureteral y una revisión de las principales series. Material y métodos Análisis prospectivo de 85 procedimientos flexibles o percutáneos para el tratamiento de la litiasis, llevados a cabo en nuestro centro entre enero de 2021 y abril de 2022. Se estableció como objetivo principal analizar la tasa de ingreso no planificado y como objetivos secundarios el éxito e incidencia de complicaciones. Los pacientes fueron seleccionados siguiendo los criterios del proceso asistencial. Resultados La edad media fue de 56±14 años. El urocultivo fue positivo en 13,9% de los pacientes, siendo portadores de doble J prequirúrgico 38%. Mediana de superficie litiásica de 55 mm2, con 961±323 Unidades Hounsfield. Se realizaron 73 procedimientos flexibles y 12 percutáneos. Ocho pacientes requirieron ingreso no planificado inmediato y otros dos durante el primer mes. Al tercer mes, 94% se encontraban libre de litiasis. No se detectaron complicaciones intraoperatorias, aunque 16,5% de los pacientes presentaron algún tipo de complicación postoperatoria. Conclusión En nuestra experiencia, con una estricta selección de los pacientes y siguiendo un proceso asistencial con participación multidisciplinar, los procedimientos endourológicos son factibles y seguros en el ámbito ambulatorio. La monitorización periódica de los resultados es fundamental en aras de una mejora constante del proceso (AU)


Objective Urinary lithiasis is a prevalent disease with a high socioeconomic impact, where endourological surgery has shown excellent results with minimal complications. For its part, outpatient surgery is an efficient, safe and quality care model. We present our experience in the outpatient endourological treatment of lithiasis and a review of the main series. Material and methods Prospective analysis of 85 flexible or percutaneous procedures for the treatment of lithiasis, carried out in our center between January 2021 and April 2022. The main objective was to analyze the rate of unplanned admission and the success and incidence of complications as secondary objectives. The patients were selected following the inclusion criteria of the care process. Results The mean age was 56±14 years. Urine culture was positive in 13.9% of the patients, 38% had a pre-surgical double-J catheter. Median stone surface was 55 mm2 (961±323 Hounsfield Units). 73 flexible and 12 percutaneous procedures were performed. 8 patients required immediate unplanned admission and another 2 during the first month. 94% were stone-free at the third month. No intraoperative complications were detected, although 16.5% of the patients presented some type of postoperative complication. Conclusion In our experience, with a strict selection of patients and following a care process with multidisciplinary participation, endourological procedures are feasible and safe in the outpatient setting. Periodic monitoring of the results is essential for the sake of a constant improvement of the process (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Cálculos Renales/terapia , Cálculos Ureterales/terapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Atención Terciaria de Salud , Resultado del Tratamiento
3.
Actas urol. esp ; 47(1): 22-26, jan.- feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-214418

RESUMEN

Objetivo Este estudio investiga el impacto del uso de la cobertura de dartos para aumentar la neouretra en los resultados funcionales y cosméticos. Evaluar una técnica novedosa que demuestra cómo fijar la cobertura de dartos como cobertura de barrera de la neouretra en la corrección de hipospadias. Pacientes y métodos Este estudio se realizó en 204 pacientes varones, todos con diferentes grados de hipospadias (HPD: 132, hipospadias coronal: 46 y HPM: 26). Sus edades oscilaban entre 1-23 años (edad media: 2 años). Había incurvación ventral (chorda) en (HPD: 45, hipospadias coronal: 33 y HPM: 26). Todos los pacientes tenían un chorro urinario anormal dirigido hacia abajo. La corrección del hipospadias se realizó mediante la técnica TIP clásica, además de nuestra novedosa modificación con cobertura de dartos. El seguimiento se realizó durante 5 años mediante evaluaciones clínicas de los parámetros funcionales y cosméticos. Resultados Se registraron tasas de éxito en 200 pacientes, 3 pacientes tuvieron complicaciones con una fístula uretrocutánea subcoronal y un paciente presentó la pérdida completa de la reparación. Conclusión La fijación triple de dartos es una técnica sencilla con la que todos los hipospadiólogos pueden reducir la fístula uretrocutánea como complicación común de la corrección de hipospadias con unos buenos resultados funcionales y cosméticos (AU)


Objective This study investigates the impact of the use of dartos covering to augment the neourethra on functional and cosmetic results. To evaluate a novel technique demonstrating how to fix dartos flap to cover the neourethra as a barrier in hypospadias repair. Patients and methods This study comprised 204 male patients with different degree of hypospadias (DPH: 132, coronal hypospadias: 46, MPH: 26). Their ages ranged from 1-23 ys (mean age: 2ys). Penile chordee was in (DPH: 45, coronal hypospadias: 33, MPH: 26). All patients had abnormal downward directed urinary stream. Hypospadias repair was performed by the classic TIP technique in addition to our novel modification of dartos covering. Patients were submitted to 5 years of follow-up including clinical examination of the functional and cosmetic parameters. Results Success rates were reported in 200 patients, 3 patients had complications with subcoronal urethrocutaneous fistula and one patient with complete repair disruption. Conclusion Triple dartos fixation is a simple technique for all hypospadiologists to minimize urethrocutaneous fistula as common complication of hypospadias repair with good functional and cosmetic results (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Hipospadias/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios de Seguimiento , Estudios Prospectivos , Uretra/cirugía
4.
Actas urol. esp ; 47(1): 27-33, jan.- feb. 2023. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-214419

RESUMEN

Introducción El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados del tratamiento antibiótico continuado, la autovacuna MV140 y la vacuna bacteriana polivalente MV140 de cepas de colección en la prevención de ITU recurrentes no complicadas. Métodos Se analizaron prospectivamente 377 pacientes desde enero de 2017 hasta agosto de 2019 y se dividieron en 3 grupos según la profilaxis administrada. Grupo A (126): tratamiento antibiótico, Grupo B (126), autovacuna MV140; Grupo C (125), vacuna bacteriana polivalente MV140 a partir cepas seleccionadas. Las variables analizadas fueron: sexo, edad, menopausia, número de episodios de ITU al inicio y a los 3 y 6 meses de finalizar la profilaxis, costes sanitarios a lo largo del seguimiento a los 3 y 6 meses. Resultados A los 3 meses, los episodios de ITU se redujeron a 0-1 en el 65% del grupo A, en el 80,8% del grupo B y en el 81,7% del grupo C. A los 6 meses, se presentaron 0-1 episodios de ITU en el 44,4% del grupo A, en el 61,6% del grupo B y en el 74,6% del grupo C. En cuanto a los costes sanitarios a lo largo del seguimiento, a los 3 meses el grupo A registró 21.171,87 euros, el grupo B 20.763,73 euros y el grupo C 18.866,14 euros. A los 6 meses, los costes sanitarios fueron de 32.980,35 euros en el grupo A, de 28.133,42 euros en el grupo B y de 23.629,19 euros en el grupo C. Conclusiones La autovacuna MV140 y la vacuna bacteriana polivalente MV140 fueron más eficaces reduciendo el número de episodios de ITU a los 3 y 6 meses y con unos costes sanitarios menores durante el seguimiento, en comparación con la profilaxis antibiótica continuada (p < 0,05). La vacuna bacteriana polivalente MV140 de cepas seleccionadas fue más eficaz en la reducción del número de episodios de ITU con unos costes sanitarios menores que la autovacuna (AU)


Introduction The objective of this study was to compare the results on prevention of uncomplicated recurrent UTI between continuous use of antibiotics, MV140 autovaccine and MV140 polybacterial vaccine from collection strain. Methods 377 patients were prospectively analyzed from January 2017 to August 2019 and divided into 3 groups according to the prophylaxis. Group A (126): antibiotics, Group B (126): MV140 autovaccine, Group C (125): MV140 polybacterial vaccine from the collection strain. Variables analyzed were: gender, age, menopause, number of UTI at baseline and 3 and 6 months after the end of prophylaxis, health cost along follow-up at 3 and 6 months. Results At 3 months, group A had 0-1 UTI in 65%, group B had 0-1 UTI in 80.8% and group C in 81.7%. At 6 months, group A had 0-1 UTI in 44.4%, group B had 0-1 UTI in 61.6% and group C in 74.6%. Regarding health cost along follow-up, at 3 months group A had €21,171.87, group B had €20,763.73 and group C €18,866.14. At 6 months, health cost was €32,980.35 in group A, €28,133.42 in group B, and €23,629.19 in group C. Conclusions MV140 autovaccine and MV140 polybacterial vaccine were more efficient with lower number of UTI at 3 and 6 months and lower health cost along follow-up compared to continued prophylaxis with antibiotics (p < .05). Polybacterial MV140 vaccine from collection strain had higher effect to reduce the number of UTI and less health cost than autovaccine (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Autovacunas/uso terapéutico , Costos de la Atención en Salud , Infecciones Urinarias/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones Urinarias/prevención & control , Vacunas/uso terapéutico , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios de Seguimiento , Recurrencia , Infecciones Urinarias/economía , Análisis Costo-Beneficio
5.
Actas urol. esp ; 47(1): 47-55, jan.- feb. 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-214422

RESUMEN

Introducción y objetivo Los factores más estudiados en pacientes tratados mediante prostatectomía radical robótica son antígeno prostático específico (PSA) y las características patológicas de la biopsia y la pieza de prostatectomía. Los factores asociados a la técnica quirúrgica han sido poco estudiados y con resultados controvertidos. El objetivo es identificar todos los factores posibles de la cirugía y su relación con la supervivencia libre de enfermedad (SLE) y de metástasis. Pacientes y métodos Estudio prospectivo aprobado por el Comité de Ética, en pacientes intervenidos de prostatectomía radical robótica desde enero del 2009 con seguimiento mínimo de cinco años. Analizamos como posibles factores pronósticos: el cirujano, el tiempo quirúrgico, la pérdida sanguínea, el acceso fascial, las técnicas de continencia, la preservación de la fascia, las bandeletas neurovasculares, el cuello vesical, la uretra, la curva de aprendizaje y las complicaciones quirúrgicas. Realizamos comparaciones univariables y emparejadas de supervivencia mediante la estimación de Kaplan-Meier y long-rank tests. El nivel de significancia para comparaciones múltiples se estableció con ajuste False Discovery Rate (p ajustada [padj]). Resultados Cohorte de 667 pacientes con mediana de seguimiento de 69 meses. En el análisis univariante, el cirujano (padj = 0,018), la conservación de ligamentos puboprostáticos (padj = 0,02), la preservación de fascia endopélvica (padj = 0,001) y realizar suspensión parauretral (padj < 0,001) son factores de mal pronóstico para la SLE. La preservación de la fascia también afecta negativamente a la supervivencia libre de metástasis (SLM) (padj = 0,04). Las cirugías previas abdominales, la próstata, el tiempo de intervención, el sangrado, el tipo de uretra residual, el lóbulo medio, el acceso fascial, la conservación de bandeletas o cuello vesical, no tienen significancia estadística (AU)


Introduction and objective The most frequently studied factors in patients treated by robotic radical prostatectomy are PSA and pathological features of the biopsy and prostatectomy specimen. Studies on the factors associated with the surgical technique are scarce and with controversial results. The objective is to identify all possible surgical factors and their relationship with disease-free and metastasis-free survival. Patients and Method Prospective study approved by the Ethics Committee, including patients who underwent robotic radical prostatectomy since January 2009 with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Surgeon, surgical time, blood loss, fascial access, continence techniques, preservation of the fascia, neurovascular bundles, bladder neck, urethra, learning curve and surgical complications, were analyzed as possible prognostic factors. We performed univariate and matched comparisons of survival using Kaplan-Meier estimation and long-rank tests. The significance level for multiple comparisons was established with False Discovery Rate-adjustment (adjusted p). Results Cohort of 667 patients with a median follow-up of 69 months. In univariate analysis, surgeon (adjp = 0.018), preservation of puboprostatic ligaments (adjp = 0.02), preservation of endopelvic fascia (adjp = 0.001) and performing periurethral suspension (adjp < 0.001) are poor prognostic factors for disease-free survival. Fascia preservation also negatively affects metastasis-free survival (adjp = 0.04). Previous abdominal surgeries, prostate, surgical time, blood loss, type of residual urethra, middle lobe, fascial access, fascia or bladder neck preservation, have no statistical significance. Conclusions The surgeon and specific aspects of the surgical technique are determining factors in disease-free survival. Preservation of the fascia is the only factor that negatively affects metastasis-free survival (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomía/métodos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Neoplasias de la Próstata/mortalidad , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Supervivencia sin Enfermedad , Metástasis de la Neoplasia , Estudios de Seguimiento , Estudios Prospectivos , Pronóstico
6.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678338

RESUMEN

Bariatric surgery has shown to be effective in producing sustained weight loss and the resolution of obesity related medical problems. Recent research focused on the role of obesity and adipose tissue in tumorigenesis, finding a strong crosslink through different mechanisms and highlighting an increase in cancer incidence in individuals with obesity. The aim of this meta-analysis is to find if bariatric surgery reduces the incidence of colorectal cancer in patients with obesity. We performed a meta-analysis including 18 studies (PROSPERO ID: CRD4202235931). Bariatric surgery was found to be significantly protective toward colorectal cancer incidence in individuals with obesity (HR: 0.81, p = 0.0142). The protective effect persisted when considering women (RR: 0.54, p = 0.0014) and men (RR: 0.74, p = 0.2798) separately, although this was not significant for the latter. No difference was found when comparing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. Bariatric surgery reduces the incidence of colorectal cancer in individuals with obesity independently from gender and surgical procedure. Prospective large cohort studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Bariátrica , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Derivación Gástrica , Laparoscopía , Errores Innatos del Metabolismo , Obesidad Mórbida , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Obesidad Mórbida/complicaciones , Obesidad Mórbida/epidemiología , Obesidad Mórbida/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Derivación Gástrica/métodos , Cirugía Bariátrica/métodos , Neoplasias Colorrectales/epidemiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/etiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/prevención & control , Laparoscopía/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 446: 130702, 2023 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36587597

RESUMEN

Secondary mineralization is a promising method for remediating cadmium (Cd) pollution in sediments, but the poor stability of Cd-containing secondary minerals is a bottleneck that limits the development of this approach. The existence of phosphate can enhance the formation of stable secondary minerals and points a new direction for Cd immobilization. In this research, a novel syntrophic system composed of phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) and dissimilatory iron reducing bacteria (DIRB) was established and the effect and mechanism of Cd immobilization in the system were also explored. The results showed that under the conditions of DIRB:PSB (V:V)= 3:1, syntrophic bacteria dosage of 5% and glucose dosage of 5 g/L, Cd incorporated in the secondary minerals could account for about 60% of the total Cd. In the pH range of 5-9, alkaline environment was conducive to the immobilization of Cd and the percentage of combined Cd was up to 58%, while the combined Cd in secondary minerals decreased from 62% to 56% with the increase of initial Cd concentration from 0.1 to 0.3 mmol/L. In addition, XRD, XPS, Mössbauer and other characterization results showed that secondary minerals, such as Cd exchange hydroxyapatite (Cd-HAP) and kryzhanovskite (Fe3(PO4)2(OH)3) were formed in this new system. The established syntrophic system of PSB and DIRB is thus a prospective bioremediation technology for Cd immobilization in sediments and can avoid the potential risk might be caused by the addition of phosphorus-containing materials.


Asunto(s)
Fosfatos , Contaminantes del Suelo , Fosfatos/química , Cadmio/química , Anaerobiosis , Estudios Prospectivos , Minerales/química , Bacterias , Biodegradación Ambiental , Hierro/química , Suelo/química , Contaminantes del Suelo/análisis
8.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 29, 2023 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658535

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) may benefit from thrombolysis or thrombectomy therapy. However, the predictors for LVO in mild AIS patients have not been extensively explored. We aimed to investigate the predictors for LVO in mild AIS patients. METHODS: We collected the data of consecutive AIS patients with a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤ 5 from The Third China National Stroke Registry - a prospective nationwide registry of AIS or transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients in China from August 2015 to March 2018. Patients were divided into LVO and non-LVO group based on the vascular imaging during the hospitalization. Multivariable regression analyses involving clinical characteristics and NIHSS subitems was performed to detect the predictors for LVO. RESULT: A total of 7653 mild AIS patients from The Third China National Stroke Registry were included in this study. Among them, 620 patients (8.1%) had LVO. The level of consciousness (adjusted odds ratio, 1.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.08 to 3.23), visual field (adjusted odds ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.43 to 3.06) and sensory (adjusted odds ratio, 0.75; 95% confidence interval, 0.60 to 0.94) were predictors for mild AIS patients with LVO. CONCLUSIONS: Impaired LOC, visual field and sensory were independently predictors for LVO in mild stroke patients. Further studies are warranted to test these predictors in prehospital setting and in other population.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Encefálica , Accidente Cerebrovascular Isquémico , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Estudios Prospectivos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/terapia , Trombectomía , Estudios Retrospectivos
9.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 52, 2023 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658554

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Continuity of care is considered an important treatment aspect of psychiatric disorders, as it often involves long-lasting or recurrent episodes with psychosocial treatment aspects. We investigated in two psychiatric hospitals in Germany whether the positive effects of relational continuity of care on symptom severity, social functioning, and quality of life, which have been demonstrated in different countries, can also be achieved in German psychiatric care. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with a 20-months observation period comparing 158 patients with higher and 165 Patients with lower degree of continuity of care of two psychiatric hospitals. Patients were surveyed at three points in time (10 and 20 months after baseline) using validated questionnaires (CGI Clinical Global Impression rating scales, GAF Global Assessment of Functioning scale, EQ-VAS Euro Quality of Life) and patient clinical record data. Statistical analyses with analyses of variance with repeated measurements of 162 patients for the association between the patient- (EQ-VAS) or observer-rated (CGI, GAF) outcome measures and continuity of care as between-subject factor controlling for age, sex, migration background, main psychiatric diagnosis group, duration of disease, and hospital as independent variables. RESULTS: Higher continuity of care reduced significantly the symptom severity with a medium effect size (p 0.036, eta 0.064) and increased significantly social functioning with a medium effect size (p 0.023, eta 0.076) and quality of life but not significantly and with only a small effect size (p 0.092, eta 0.022). The analyses of variance suggest a time-independent effect of continuity of care. The duration of psychiatric disease, a migration background, and the hospital affected the outcome measures independent of continuity of care. CONCLUSION: Our results support continuity of care as a favorable clinical aspect in psychiatric patient treatment and encourage mental health care services to consider health service delivery structures that increase continuity of care in the psychiatric patient treatment course. In psychiatric health care services research patients' motives as well as methodological reasons for non-participation remain considerable potential sources for bias. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This prospective cohort study was not registered as a clinical intervention study because no intervention was part of the study, neither on the patient level nor the system level.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estudios Prospectivos , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente , Alemania
10.
BMC Womens Health ; 23(1): 27, 2023 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658551

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In low-resource countries, interpretation of the transformation zone (TZ) using the classification of the International Federation for Cervical Pathology and Colposcopy (IFCPC), adopted by the World Health Organization, is critical for determining if visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) screening and thermal ablation treatment are possible. We aim to assess inter- and intra-observer agreement in TZ interpretation. METHODS: We performed a prospective multi-observer reliability study. One hundred cervical digital images of Human papillomavirus positive women (30-49 years) were consecutively selected from a Cameroonian cervical cancer screening trial. Images of the native cervix and after VIA were obtained. The images were evaluated for the TZ type at two time points (rounds one and two) by five VIA experts from four countries (Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Peru, and Zambia) according to the IFCPC classification (TZ1 = ectocervical fully visible; TZ2 = endocervical fully visible; TZ3 = not fully visible). Intra- and inter-observer agreement were measured by Fleiss' kappa. RESULTS: Overall, 37.0% of images were interpreted as TZ1, 36.4% as TZ2, and 26.6% as TZ3. Global inter-observer reliability indicated fair agreement in both rounds (kappa 0.313 and 0.288). The inter-observer agreement was moderate for TZ1 interpretation (0.460), slight for TZ2 (0.153), and fair for TZ3 (0.329). Intra-observer analysis showed fair agreement for two observers (0.356 and 0.345), moderate agreement for two other (0.562 and 0.549), and one with substantial agreement (0.728). CONCLUSION: Interpretation of the TZ using the IFCPC classification, adopted by the World Health Organization, is critical for determining if VIA screening and thermal ablation treatment are possible. However, the low inter- and intra-observer agreement suggest that the reliability of the referred classification is limited in the context of VIA. It's integration in treatment recommendations should be used with caution since TZ3 interpretation could lead to an important referral rate for further evaluation. Trial registration Cantonal Ethics Board of Geneva, Switzerland: N°2017-0110. Cameroonian National Ethics Committee for Human Health Research N°2018/07/1083/CE/CNERSH/SP.


Asunto(s)
Cuello del Útero , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Humanos , Femenino , Cuello del Útero/patología , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/terapia , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/patología , Ácido Acético , Estudios Prospectivos , Variaciones Dependientes del Observador , Detección Precoz del Cáncer , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
11.
Trials ; 24(1): 45, 2023 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658607

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis is a chronic pathology that involves multidisciplinary management. Self-management for patients is an essential element, present in all international guidelines. During the time of the spa therapy, the patient is receptive to take the advantage of self-management workshops. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of 18 days spa therapy associated with a self-management intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis in comparison with spa therapy alone on a priority objective, personalized and determined with the patient, chosen in the list of 5 objectives determined during the self-management initial assessment. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Two hundred fifty participants with knee osteoarthritis will participate to this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled study. All patients will benefit 18 days of spa therapy and patients randomized in the intervention group will participate to 6 self-management workshops. Randomization will be centralized. The allocation ratio will be 1:1. Data analysts and assessor will be blinded. The primary outcome is the effectiveness of the educational workshops associated with spa therapy in comparison with spa therapy alone on a priority objective, measured by Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS). The secondary outcomes are disability, health-related quality of life, and pain intensity. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics were approved by the CPP Sud-Méditerranée II. The results will be disseminated in a peer-reviewed journal and disseminated at PRM, rheumatology, and orthopedics conferences. The results will also be disseminated to patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration number NCT03550547. Registered 8 June 2018. Date and version identifier of the protocol. Version N°6 of March 12, 2018.


Asunto(s)
Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Automanejo , Humanos , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/diagnóstico , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/terapia , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
12.
Clin Interv Aging ; 18: 61-69, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660542

RESUMEN

Purpose: To investigate the relationship between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)/lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and renal function in elderly men aged 80 years and older. Patients and Methods: We selected 389 elderly men aged 80-97 years with BPH/LUTS hospitalized at The Second Division of General Geriatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, between July 2018 and July 2020. In the cross-sectional study, patients were divided into the treatment (233 patients) and non-treatment (156 patients) groups based on whether they received treatment for BPH/LUTS. In the prospective self-case-control study, we included 129 of the non-treatment group patients who received oral BPH/LUTS medication and completed the 6-month outpatient follow-up. We compared prostate indicators and renal function in the cross-sectional study and baseline and after-treatment data in the prospective self-case-control study. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed for risk factors affecting renal function before and after BPH/LUTS treatment. Results: In the cross-sectional study, renal function was significantly better in the treatment group than in the non-treatment group. In the subgroup analysis of the prospective self-case-control study, renal function significantly improved after treatment among patients with hypertension and those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) 3a, but not in the entire cohort. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that hypertension (ß=2.06, 95% CI 0.40 to 3.71) and CKD 3a (ß=17.16, 95% CI 15.53 to 18.79) were independent risk factors for creatinine differences before and after treatment, whereas hypertension (ß=-2.27, 95% CI -3.65 to -0.89), CKD 3a (ß=-11.93, 95% CI -13.29 to -10.58), and baseline prostate volume (ß=-0.11, 95% CI -0.20 to -0.02) were independent risk factors for estimated glomerular filtration rate differences before and after treatment. Conclusion: Treatment for moderate and severe BPH/LUTS can improve renal function in elderly patients with hypertension or CKD 3a.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior , Hiperplasia Prostática , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Masculino , Anciano , Humanos , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicaciones , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Transversales , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/tratamiento farmacológico , Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/etiología , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Riñón/fisiología
13.
Curr Oncol ; 30(1): 1151-1163, 2023 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661737

RESUMEN

Breast re-irradiation (reRT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) using external beam radiation is an increasingly used salvage approach for women presenting with recurrent or new primary breast cancer. However, radiation technique, dose and fractionation as well as eligibility criteria differ between studies. There is also limited data on efficacy and safety of external beam hypofractionation and accelerated partial-breast irradiation (APBI) regimens. This paper reviews existing retrospective and prospective data for breast reRT after BCS, APBI reRT outcomes and delivery at our institution and the need for a randomized controlled trial using shorter courses of radiation to better define patient selection for different reRT fractionation regimens.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Reirradiación , Femenino , Humanos , Mastectomía Segmentaria/métodos , Neoplasias de la Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Retrospectivos
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661885

RESUMEN

This investigation was designed to evaluate crestal bone stability and soft tissue maintenance to Laser-Lok tapered tissue-level implants. Twelve patients presenting with an edentulous site adequate for the placement of two implants were recruited from four dental offices (2 to 4 patients per office). Each patient received two Laser-Lok tissue-level implants placed with a 3-mm interimplant distance according to a surgical stent. The implants were placed so that the Laser-Lok zone sat at the junction between hard and soft tissues. A total of 24 implants were placed, and all achieved satisfactory crestal bone stability and soft tissue maintenance 1 year after receiving the final prosthetic restoration.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Boca Edéntula , Humanos , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Estudios Prospectivos
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661882

RESUMEN

A failed implant site is prone to reduced alveolar bone volume, both horizontally and vertically. The present study assessed the outcome of using cancellous bone block allografts for ridge reconstruction following the removal of failed implants associated with severe bone loss. Individuals presenting with failed implants and massive bone loss were included. Cancellous bone block allografts were used for reconstruction of the atrophic alveolar ridge. Radiographic evaluation at 6 months postgrafting revealed favorable bone healing, allowing implant placement. Bone biopsy samples were taken during implant placement. Twenty-four blocks and 58 implants were placed in 16 patients. Over a mean follow-up time of 40 ± 15 months, the mean bone gain was 5 ± 0.5 mm horizontally and 7 ± 0.5 mm vertically. Block and implant survival rates were 96% (1 block failed) and 95% (3 implants failed), respectively. Histomorphometrically, the mean percentage of newly formed bone was 40%, with 20% residual cancellous block allograft and 40% marrow and connective tissue. Cancellous bone block allograft is a viable treatment alternative for reconstructing the alveolar ridge to achieve a successful second reimplantation, even in the presence of initial severe bone loss.


Asunto(s)
Aumento de la Cresta Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Humanos , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Estudios Prospectivos , Trasplante Homólogo , Proceso Alveolar/patología , Aloinjertos , Trasplante Óseo , Resultado del Tratamiento
16.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 408(1): 48, 2023 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662265

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the incidence of surgical site occurrences (SSOs) following onlay versus preperitoneal mesh placement in elective open umbilical hernia repairs. METHODS: This study presents a secondary analysis of a randomized double-blind trial conducted on female patients with primary umbilical hernias admitted to a general hospital, in a residency training program setting. Fifty-six subjects were randomly assigned to either onlay (n=30) or preperitoneal (n=26) mesh repair group. Data on baseline demographics, past medical history, perioperative details, postoperative pain (visual analogue scale (VAS)), wound-related complications, and recurrence were assessed using a standardized protocol. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed between groups regarding patients' demographics, comorbidities, or defect size. Operative time averaged 67.5 (28-110) min for onlay and 50.5 (31-90) min for preperitoneal repairs, p=.03. The overall rate of SSOs was 21.4% (n=12), mainly in the onlay group (33% vs 7.7%; p=0.02, 95% CI 0.03-0.85) and mostly due to seromas. There were no between-group significant differences in postoperative VAS scores at all timepoints. After a maximum follow-up of 48 months, one recurrence was reported in the onlay group. By logistic regression, the onlay technique was the only independent risk factor for SSOs. CONCLUSION: The presented data identified a decreased wound morbidity in preperitoneal umbilical hernia repairs, thus contributing to the limited body of evidence regarding mesh place selection in future guidelines. Further cases from this ongoing study and completion of follow-up are expected to also compare both techniques in terms of long-term outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (ReBEC) UTN code: U1111-1205-0065 (date of registration: March 27, 2018).


Asunto(s)
Hernia Umbilical , Hernia Ventral , Humanos , Femenino , Hernia Umbilical/cirugía , Mallas Quirúrgicas/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos/métodos , Herniorrafia/efectos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Recurrencia , Hernia Ventral/cirugía
17.
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(1): e2251839, 2023 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662524

RESUMEN

Importance: Determining how the timing of return to school is related to later symptom burden is important for early postinjury management recommendations. Objective: To examine the typical time to return to school after a concussion and evaluate whether an earlier return to school is associated with symptom burden 14 days postinjury. Design, Setting, and Participants: Planned secondary analysis of a prospective, multicenter observational cohort study from August 2013 to September 2014. Participants aged 5 to 18 years with an acute (<48 hours) concussion were recruited from 9 Canadian pediatric emergency departments in the Pediatric Emergency Research Canada Network. Exposure: The independent variable was the number of days of school missed. Missing fewer than 3 days after concussion was defined as an early return to school. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was symptom burden at 14 days, measured with the Post-Concussion Symptom Inventory (PCSI). Symptom burden was defined as symptoms status at 14 days minus preinjury symptoms. Propensity score analyses applying inverse probability of treatment weighting were performed to estimate the relationship between the timing of return to school and symptom burden. Results: This cohort study examined data for 1630 children (mean age [SD] 11.8 [3.4]; 624 [38%] female). Of these children, 875 (53.7%) were classified as having an early return to school. The mean (SD) number of days missed increased across age groups (5-7 years, 2.61 [5.2]; 8-12 years, 3.26 [4.9]; 13-18 years, 4.71 [6.1]). An early return to school was associated with a lower symptom burden 14 days postinjury in the 8 to 12-year and 13 to 18-year age groups, but not in the 5 to 7-year age group. The association between early return and lower symptom burden was stronger in individuals with a higher symptom burden at the time of injury, except those aged 5 to 7 years. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of youth aged 5 to 18 years, these results supported the growing belief that prolonged absences from school and other life activities after a concussion may be detrimental to recovery. An early return to school may be associated with a lower symptom burden and, ultimately, faster recovery.


Asunto(s)
Conmoción Encefálica , Regreso a la Escuela , Niño , Adolescente , Humanos , Femenino , Preescolar , Masculino , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Prospectivos , Canadá/epidemiología , Conmoción Encefálica/diagnóstico , Conmoción Encefálica/complicaciones , Instituciones Académicas
18.
JAMA Netw Open ; 6(1): e2251367, 2023 Jan 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662527

RESUMEN

Importance: Prenatal psychosocial stress and nutrition may each program offspring adiposity, an important predictor of lifelong cardiometabolic health. Although increased stress and poor nutrition have been found to co-occur in pregnancy, little is known about their combined longitudinal associations in the offspring. Objective: To investigate whether the associations of the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) with offspring adiposity differ by prenatal stress levels and whether these associations change with age. Design, Setting, and Participants: Project Viva, a prospective prebirth cohort study of mother-child dyads in Massachusetts, included singleton children of mothers enrolled between April 1999 and July 2002, with follow-up visits at early childhood, midchildhood, and early adolescence. Data analysis was performed from October 31, 2020, to October 31, 2022. Exposures: Food frequency-derived DII score in pregnancy was the exposure. Effect modifiers included stress-related measures in pregnancy; depressive symptoms assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), dichotomized at scores greater than or equal to 13 vs less than 13; and census tract-level social vulnerability (overall Social Vulnerability Index and its 4 main subindices), dichotomized at the 75th percentile. Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall adiposity, comprising sex- and age-standardized body mass index (BMI z), sum of subscapular and triceps skinfolds, fat mass index (FMI), and body fat percentage estimated using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); and central adiposity, comprising waist circumference, ratio of subscapular to triceps skinfolds, and DXA-derived trunk FMI. Results: Among 1060 mother-child dyads, mean (SD) maternal age was 32.6 (4.6) years, and 811 (77%) mothers were non-Hispanic White. Mean (SD) DII score was -2.7 (1.3) units, Social Vulnerability Index level was 38th (27th) percentile, and 8% of mothers had depressive symptoms. Mean (SD) age of the children was 3.3 (0.3) years at the early childhood visit, 7.9 (0.8) years at the midchildhood visit, and 13.2 (0.9) years at the early adolescence visit. In adjusted analyses, children born to mothers in the highest (vs lowest) quartile of DII had slower decrease in BMI z scores (ß, 0.03 SD units/y; 95% CI, 0.01-0.05 SD units/y), and faster adiposity gain (eg, BIA total FMI ß, 0.11 kg/m2/y; 95% CI, 0.03-0.19 kg/m2/y) over time. Associations of prenatal DII quartiles with childhood adiposity were stronger (eg, BIA total FMI quartile 4 vs quartile 1 change in ß, 1.40 kg/m2; 95% CI, 0.21-2.59 kg/m2) among children of mothers with high vs low EPDS scores in pregnancy, although EPDS scores did not modify the change over time. Associations of prenatal DII with adiposity change over time, however, were greater among children whose mothers lived in neighborhoods with a high (BIA percentage body fat: ß, 0.55% per year; 95% CI, 0.04%-1.07% per year) vs low (ß, 0.13% per year; 95% CI, -0.20 to 0.46% per year), percentage of racial and ethnic minorities, and residents with limited English-language proficiency. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this cohort study suggest that it may be useful to simultaneously evaluate prenatal diet and psychosocial stress in women as targets for interventions intended to prevent excess childhood adiposity.


Asunto(s)
Adiposidad , Obesidad Pediátrica , Embarazo , Adolescente , Humanos , Femenino , Preescolar , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Prospectivos , Obesidad Pediátrica/epidemiología , Dieta , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología
19.
Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol ; 63: 383-406, 2023 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662586

RESUMEN

The long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are found in seafood, supplements, and concentrated pharmaceutical preparations. Prospective cohort studies demonstrate an association between higher intakes of EPA+DHA or higher levels of EPA and DHA in the body and lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), especially coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction, and of cardiovascular mortality in the general population. The cardioprotective effect of EPA and DHA is due to the beneficial modulation of a number of risk factors for CVD. Some large trials support the use of EPA+DHA (or EPA alone) in high-risk patients, although the evidence is inconsistent. This review presents key studies of EPA and DHA in the primary and secondary prevention of CVD, briefly describes potential mechanisms of action, and discusses recently published RCTs and meta-analyses. Potential adverse aspects of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids in relation to CVD are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Sistema Cardiovascular , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3 , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Ácidos Grasos Omega-3/efectos adversos , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/farmacología , Ácidos Docosahexaenoicos/uso terapéutico , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/farmacología , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/uso terapéutico , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control
20.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279450, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662720

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite the conflicting data, the positivity of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in cancer patients may be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and impact of aPL on venous thromboembolic events (VTE) and arterial thrombosis (ATE) in ambulatory cancer patients. METHODS: In this single-center, prospective cohort study, we enrolled newly diagnosed ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Non-cancer controls were age- and sex-matched. Participants were evaluated for aPL. Primary outcomes were the composite outcome of VTE or ATE and the prevalence of aPL positivity in cancer patients. Secondary outcomes included the risk of VTE and ATE in cancer patients and all-cause mortality at six-month follow-up duration. RESULTS: There were 137 cases and 137 controls with mean age of 56.0±12.3 and 55.5±12.1 years, respectively. Cancer patients were more likely to have positive aPL compared to controls, with the risk difference of 9.4% (95%CI 1.5 to 17.5). Composite of ATE or VTE occurred in 9 (6.6%) in cancer patients and 2 (1.5%) in controls. Cancer patients with aPL positivity were associated with higher risk of ATE or VTE (risk ratio [RR] 3.6, 95% CI 1.04-12.4). Positive LA in cancer patients were associated with higher risk of composites of ATE or VTE (RR 5.3 95%CI 1.3-21.0), whereas the anti-ß2-GPI positivity were associated with increased risk of VTE (RR 4.7, 95%CI 1.1-19.2). CONCLUSION: aPL was more prevalent in active cancer patients and positive aPL in cancer patients was associated with arterial or venous thrombosis.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Antifosfolípido , Neoplasias , Trombosis , Tromboembolia Venosa , Trombosis de la Vena , Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Estudios Prospectivos , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiología , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicaciones , Anticuerpos Antifosfolípidos , Trombosis/complicaciones , Trombosis de la Vena/epidemiología , Neoplasias/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo
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