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1.
Gene ; 806: 145935, 2022 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478821

RESUMEN

Soluble molecules of programmed death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) are known to modulate T-cell depletion, an important mechanism of hepatitis B virus (HBV) persistence and liver disease progression. In addition, PD-L1 polymorphisms in the 3'-UTR can influence PD-L1 expression and have been associated with cancer risk, although not definitively. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms and circulating levels of sPD-L1 in HBV infection and live disease progression. In this study, five hundred fifty-one HBV infected patients of the three clinically well-defined subgroups chronic hepatitis B (CHB, n = 186), liver cirrhosis (LC, n = 142) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, n = 223) and 240 healthy individuals (HC) were enrolled. PD-L1 polymorphisms (rs2297136 and rs4143815) were genotyped by in-house validated ARMS assays. Logistic regression models were applied in order to determine the association of PD-L1 polymorphisms with HBV infection as well as with progression of related liver diseases. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were quantified by ELISA assays. The PD-L1 rs2297136 AA genotype was associated with HBV infection susceptibility (HBV vs. HC: OR = 1.6; 95%CI = 1.1-2.3; p = 0.0087) and disease progression (LC vs. CHB: OR = 1.8; 95%CI = 1.1-2.9; p = 0.018). Whereas, the rs2297136 GG genotype was a protective factor for HCC development. Plasma sPD-L1 levels were significantly high in HBV patients (p < 0.0001) and higher in the LC followed by CHB and HCC groups. High sPD-L1 levels correlated with increased liver enzymes and with advanced liver disease progression (Child-pugh C > B > A, p < 0.0001) and BCLC classification (BCLC D > C > B > A, p = 0.031). We could, for the first time, conclude that PD-L1 rs2297136 polymorphism and plasma sPD-L1 protein levels associate with HBV infection and HBV-related liver disease progression.


Asunto(s)
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Virus de la Hepatitis B/patogenicidad , Hepatitis B Crónica/genética , Cirrosis Hepática/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiones no Traducidas 3' , Adulto , Anciano , Antígeno B7-H1/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiología , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Expresión Génica , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Virus de la Hepatitis B/crecimiento & desarrollo , Hepatitis B Crónica/complicaciones , Hepatitis B Crónica/diagnóstico , Hepatitis B Crónica/virología , Humanos , Hígado/metabolismo , Hígado/patología , Hígado/virología , Cirrosis Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrosis Hepática/etiología , Cirrosis Hepática/virología , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiología , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas
2.
Gene ; 807: 145951, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500051

RESUMEN

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to analyze the role of selected polymorphisms of SIRT3 and SIRT5 in gastric carcinogenesis. METHODS: For this study, 500 blood samples of GC patients and 500 blood samples of healthy individuals were collected. Six selected polymorphisms of mitochondrial sirtuins were analyzed for analysis using Tetra-Arms PCR followed by DNA sequencing. RESULTS: Mutant allele frequencies of selected polymorphisms [rs3782116 (p < 0.0001), rs6598072 (p < 0.0001) and rs11246020 (p < 0.0001), rs938222 (p = 0.0136), rs3757261 (p = 0.0005) and rs2841511 (p = 0.0015)] were observed significant higher in GC patients vs controls. Haplotype analysis was performed, and 51 haplotypes were generated using haploview software. Among these haplotypes, eleven haplotypes were found associated with a significantly increased risk of GC. Furthermore, SNP-SNP interaction showed a significant correlation between studied SNPs and GC risk. Kaplan Meier analysis showed that mutant allele frequencies of selected polymorphisms are linked with a significant decrease in survival of GC patients CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that selected SNPs may be associated with enhanced risk of GC and hence can be potential prognostic markers for prognosis and predisposition of GC.


Asunto(s)
Sirtuina 3/genética , Sirtuinas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Alelos , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Frecuencia de los Genes/genética , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad/genética , Variación Genética/genética , Genotipo , Haplotipos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mitocondrias/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple/genética , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Sirtuina 3/sangre , Sirtuina 3/metabolismo , Sirtuinas/sangre , Sirtuinas/metabolismo
3.
Ann Lab Med ; 42(1): 100-104, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374355

RESUMEN

Standard tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) detect the presence of viral RNA using real-time reverse transcription (rRT)-PCR. Recently, convenient, rapid, and relatively inexpensive SARS-CoV-2 antigen (Ag) detection methods have been developed. The STANDARD Q COVID-19 Ag test (SD Biosensor, Inc., Suwon, Korea) is a rapid immunochromatography test that qualitatively detects the nucleocapsid protein of SARS-CoV-2 using gold conjugated antibodies. We evaluated its performance in comparison with that of Allplex 2019-nCoV Assay (Seegene, Seoul, Korea) in a retrospective case-control study using residual samples. The sensitivity and specificity of the STANDARD Q COVID-19 Ag test were 89.2% (58/65) and 96.0% (96/100), respectively. Cycle threshold (Ct) values for the three target SARS-CoV-2 genes (envelope, RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and nucleocapsid genes) included in Allplex 2019-nCoV Assay were significantly lower in Ag test-positive patients than in Ag test-negative patients (P<0.001). The Ag test sensitivity was higher in samples with Ct≤30 and those collected one to five days post symptom onset. In conclusion, the STANDARD Q COVID-19 Ag test can serve as an alternative in high-prevalence settings, when the low sensitivity is compensated or when rRT-PCR tests are limited.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Humanos , Nasofaringe , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
4.
J Intensive Care Med ; 37(1): 12-20, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515571

RESUMEN

Background: Since the beginning of the ongoing Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, pneumomediastinum has been reported in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. It has been suggested that pneumomediastinum may portend a worse outcome in such patients although no investigation has established this association definitively. Research Question: We hypothesized that the finding of pneumomediastinum in the setting of COVID-19 disease may be associated with a worse clinical outcome. The purpose of this study was to determine if the presence of pneumomediastinum was predictive of increased mortality in patients with COVID-19. Study Design and Methods: A retrospective case-control study utilizing clinical data and imaging for COVID-19 patients seen at our institution from 3/7/2020 to 5/20/2020 was performed. 87 COVID-19 positive patients with pneumomediastinum were compared to 87 COVID-19 positive patients without pneumomediastinum and to a historical group of patients with pneumomediastinum during the same time frame in 2019. Results: The incidence of pneumomediastinum was increased more than 6-fold during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to 2019 (P = <.001). 1.5% of all COVID-19 patients and 11% of mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients at our institution developed pneumomediastinum. Patients who developed pneumomediastinum had a significantly higher PEEP and lower P/F ratio than those who did not (P = .002 and .033, respectively). Pneumomediastinum was not found to be associated with increased mortality (P = .16, confidence interval [CI]: 0.89-2.09, 1.37). The presence of concurrent pneumothorax at the time of pneumomediastinum diagnosis was associated with increased mortality (P = .013 CI: 1.15-3.17, 1.91). Conclusion: Pneumomediastinum is not independently associated with a worse clinical prognosis in COVID-19 positive patients. The presence of concurrent pneumothorax was associated with increased mortality.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Enfisema Mediastínico , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Humanos , Enfisema Mediastínico/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfisema Mediastínico/epidemiología , Enfisema Mediastínico/etiología , Pandemias , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Gene ; 807: 145948, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481002

RESUMEN

BACKGROUNDS: To investigate associations of genetic and environmental factors with coronary artery disease (CAD), we collected medical reports, lifestyle details, and blood samples of 2113 individuals, and then used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-ligase detection reaction (LDR) to genotype the targeted 102 SNPs. METHODS: We adopted elastic net algorithm to build an association model that considered simultaneously genetic and lifestyle/clinical factors associated with CAD in Chinese Han population. RESULTS: In this study, we developed an all covariates-based model to explain the risk of CAD, which incorporated 8 lifestyle/clinical factors and a gene-score variable calculated from 3 significant SNPs (rs671, rs6751537 and rs11641677), attaining an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.71. It was found that, in terms of genetic variants, the AA genotype of rs671 in the additive (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.51, p = 0.008) and recessive (adjusted OR = 2.12, p = 0.021) models, the GG genotype of rs6751537 in the additive (adjusted OR = 3.36, p = 0.001) and recessive (adjusted OR = 3.47, p = 0.001) models were associated with increased risk of CAD, while GG genotype of rs11641677 in additive model (adjusted OR = 0.39, p = 0.044) was associated with decreased risk of CAD. In terms of lifestyle/clinical factors, the history of hypertension (unadjusted OR = 2.37, p < 0.001) and dyslipidemia (unadjusted OR = 1.82, p = 0.007), age (unadjusted OR = 1.07, p < 0.001) and waist circumference (unadjusted OR = 1.02, p = 0.05) would significantly increase the risk of CAD, while height (unadjusted OR = 0.97, p = 0.006) and regular intake of chicken (unadjusted OR = 0.78, p = 0.008) reduced the risk of CAD. A significantinteraction was foundbetween rs671 and dyslipidemia (the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) = 3.36, p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, we constructed an association model and identified a set of SNPs and lifestyle/clinical risk factors of CAD in Chinese Han population. By considering both genetic and non-genetic risk factors, the built model may provide implications for CAD pathogenesis and clues for screening tool development in Chinese Han population.


Asunto(s)
Adenilil Ciclasas/genética , Aldehído Deshidrogenasa Mitocondrial/genética , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/genética , beta-Caroteno 15,15'-Monooxigenasa/genética , Adenilil Ciclasas/metabolismo , Anciano , Aldehído Deshidrogenasa Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Área Bajo la Curva , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , China/epidemiología , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/fisiopatología , Femenino , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Humanos , Hipertensión/genética , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Oportunidad Relativa , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Factores de Riesgo , Circunferencia de la Cintura/genética , beta-Caroteno 15,15'-Monooxigenasa/metabolismo
6.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131844, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392196

RESUMEN

The etiology of hypospadias and cryptorchidism, which are the two most common genital anomalies in males, has not been elucidated. Although prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may increase the risks of hypospadias and cryptorchidism, the associations have not been confirmed. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to establish the relationships between prenatal exposure to EDCs and male genital anomalies. A systematic search of PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library CENTRAL for relevant published studies providing quantitative data on the associations between prenatal EDCs exposure and hypospadias/cryptorchidism in humans was conducted. In total, sixteen case-controlled studies were included. Prenatal exposure to overall EDCs was associated with an increased risk of hypospadias in males (OR, 1.34, 95 % CI 1.12 to 1.60). Although there was no statistically significant association between overall EDCs exposure and cryptorchidism (OR, 1.11, 95 % CI 0.99 to 1.24), exposure to phenol substances was associated with an increased risk of cryptorchidism (OR, 1.81, 95 % CI, 1.12 to 2.93). Using the GRADE tool, we found the overall evidence to be of moderate certainty. In conclusion, the current evidence suggests prenatal EDCs exposure may increase the risk of hypospadias in males.


Asunto(s)
Criptorquidismo , Disruptores Endocrinos , Hipospadias , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Criptorquidismo/inducido químicamente , Criptorquidismo/epidemiología , Disruptores Endocrinos/toxicidad , Femenino , Genitales , Humanos , Hipospadias/inducido químicamente , Hipospadias/epidemiología , Masculino , Embarazo
7.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131880, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426286

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Bisphenol A (BPA), a common endocrine disrupter, can be activated by cytochrome P450 (CYP) metabolizing enzymes and might influence the development of breast cancer (BC). We hypothesized that BPA could interact with CYP genes, synergistically contributing to the BC risk. METHODS: Urinary BPA was measured in a total of 302 newly diagnosed BC patients and 302 healthy controls by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. A set of seven CYP gene polymorphisms was genotyped by using the Sequenom MassARRAY system. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the associations of BPA and BPA-SNP interaction with BC risk. RESULTS: BC patients had a higher urinary BPA concentration than healthy individuals (P < 0.001). Each 1-unit increase in log-transformed urinary BPA was associated with a 54 % increased BC risk [95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.34-1.77, P < 0.001]. Individuals with the CYP19A1 rs1902580 GA + AA genotype showed a significantly higher BC risk than those with the GG genotype (OR = 1.45, 95 % CI, 1.01-2.09, P < 0.05). A significant BPA-CYP17A1 rs743572 interaction was found to be associated with a higher risk of BC (Pinteraction = 0.020). Compared with low-BPA individuals carrying CYP17A1 rs743572 GG genotypes, high-BPA individuals with the GA + AA genotype had a higher BC risk, with an odds ratio of 2.49 (95 % CI, 1.52-4.13, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The positive association of BPA exposure with BC risk might be modified by CYP17A1 rs743572, providing evidence for the interaction effect of environment-genes on the etiology of BC.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Compuestos de Bencidrilo , Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Fenoles , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilasa/genética
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 149746, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525773

RESUMEN

The prevalence of cryptorchidism has increased over the past decades, yet its origins remain poorly understood. Testis descent is dependent on androgens and likely affected by endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), targeting the androgen receptor (AR). We investigated the association between anti-androgenic activity, not derived from natural hormones, in maternal breast milk and impaired testis descent among boys. We performed a case-control study based on 199 breast milk samples from 94 mothers of cryptorchid boys and 105 random non-cryptorchid boys participating in the Norwegian HUMIS (Human Milk Study) cohort. For each participant, apolar, and polar fractions were extracted, and combined to reconstitute a mixture. Anti-androgenic activity was measured in all three fractions using the human cell-based in vitro anti-AR CALUX® assay and expressed in µg of flutamide equivalent, a well-known antiandrogen. Results from fraction analyses were compared among boys with cryptorchidism and controls using multiple logistic regression, controlling for appropriate confounders identified using a directed acyclic graph. Children's daily exposure to anti-androgenic EDCs through breastfeeding was estimated to 78 µg flutamide eq./kg of body weigh/day. The activity was higher in the polar fraction (1.48 ± 1.37 µg flutamide eq./g of milk) mainly representing non-persistent chemicals, in contrast to other fractions. However, the activity in the polar extracts was decreased when in mixtures with the apolar fraction, indicating synergistic interactions. No significant difference in the activity was observed according to cryptorchid status for polar, apolar or mixed breast milk fractions. The study showed anti-androgenic activity in nearly all human milk samples, and at levels higher than the advisory threshold. However, no significant association was observed between cryptorchidism and antiandrogenic activity measured in either polar, apolar, or mixture fractions derived from breast milk.


Asunto(s)
Criptorquidismo , Leche Humana , Antagonistas de Andrógenos , Andrógenos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Criptorquidismo/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 97-121, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661472

RESUMEN

Lead (Pb) is a heavy metal which is abundant in the environment and known to cause neurotoxicity in children even at minute concentration. However, the trace elements calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) are essential to children due to its protective effect on neurodevelopment. The primary objective of this study was to assess the role of Pb and trace elements in the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among preschool children. A total of 81 ASD children and 74 typically developed (TD) children aged between 3 and 6 years participated in the study. Self-administered online questionnaires were completed by the parents. A first-morning urine sample was collected in a sterile polyethene urine container and assayed for Pb, Ca, Mg, Zn and Fe using an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Comparisons between groups revealed that the urinary Pb, Mg, Zn and Fe levels in ASD children were significantly lower than TD children. The odds of ASD reduced significantly by 5.0% and 23.0% with an increment of every 1.0 µg/dL urinary Zn and Fe, respectively. Post interaction analysis showed that the odds of ASD reduced significantly by 11.0% and 0.1% with an increment of every 1.0 µg/dL urinary Zn and Pb, respectively. A significantly lower urinary Pb level in ASD children than TD children may be due to their poor detoxifying mechanism. Also, the significantly lower urinary Zn and Fe levels in ASD children may augment the neurotoxic effect of Pb.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Oligoelementos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Plomo , Malasia , Oligoelementos/análisis
10.
J Infect Chemother ; 28(1): 54-60, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649759

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Invasive Aspergillus infection (IA) in lung transplantation can result in poor outcomes. Itraconazole has been shown to be effective for fungal prophylaxis in lung transplant recipients. However, IA remains a major cause of death after lung transplantation. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the risk factors for IA on itraconazole prophylaxis. METHODS: We examined 120 recipients to uncover their IA epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes. In addition, a case-control study was performed to identify risk factors of IA. RESULTS: Of the 120 patients, 12 developed IA under itraconazole prophylaxis. The patient demographics and clinical characteristics were compared among the following two groups: IA group, 12 patients, and control group, 108 patients. Significant differences were observed in age (p = 0.004), history of interstitial pneumonia (p = 0.032), and CMV infection (p < 0.001) between the groups. Before the onset of IA, 92% (11/12) of the patients received itraconazole with trough concentrations above the therapeutic range. IA developed at 272.9 ± 114.1 days after lung transplantation. Of the 12 patients who developed IA, 66.7% (8/12) had early cessation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis due to toxicity of valganciclovir, as follows: leukocytopenia in 4 patients, and renal dysfunction in 4 patients. Of the 8 patients who stopped valganciclovir, 75% (6/8) developed CMV infection subsequently. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that older age, history of interstitial pneumonia, and CMV infection may be important risk factors for IA on itraconazole prophylaxis. These results may help clinicians optimize prophylactic strategies for IA.


Asunto(s)
Aspergilosis , Itraconazol , Anciano , Antivirales/uso terapéutico , Aspergilosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Aspergilosis/epidemiología , Aspergilosis/etiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ganciclovir/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Itraconazol/efectos adversos , Pulmón , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Receptores de Trasplantes
11.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131495, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293567

RESUMEN

Certain endocrine disruptor chemicals are involved in the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a hormonal disease related to infertility in women. Phthalates are the most common plasticizers found in several consumer products. Experimental and epidemiologic evidence suggests that some phthalates disrupt endocrine functions in reproductive mechanisms and development. We previously measured the levels of eight phthalate metabolites in the urine of 599 Saudi women who underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and were enrolled in a prospective study (2015-2017). The current nested case-control study aimed to determine the association between urinary levels of phthalate metabolites and PCOS. Overall, 441 women from the IVF study were identified as eligible for this study. Women in the case group included those diagnosed with PCOS (N = 82). The control group comprised those unable to conceive due to male azoospermia or who underwent preimplantation genetic diagnosis (N = 359). Most urinary phthalate metabolite levels were several-fold higher than those reported in national surveys from other countries. The ratio of luteinizing hormone to follicle-stimulating hormone, an index of PCOS, was significantly higher in the case than in the control group, with no indication of its association with phthalate metabolites. The logistic regression model was applied after adjusting for confounders to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each metabolite modeled as a natural logarithm (ln). For each ln-unit increase in the sum of the four di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (∑4DEHP) metabolites as well as two individual metabolites, mono-(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate and mono-(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl) phthalate, the odds of PCOS increased by 40.5% [OR = 1.405 (95% CI: 1.025, 1.925)], 41.1% [OR = 1.055 (95% CI: 1.055, 1.885)], and 38.6% [OR = 1.386 (95% CI: 1.033, 1.86)], respectively. In contrast, the % odds of PCOS decreased marginally significantly by 44% [OR = 0.560 (95% CI: 0.313, 1.002)] with an ln-unit increase of %MEHP4, the ratio of mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate to ∑4DEHP. These findings suggest that DEHP may contribute to PCOS, and further investigation is required to understand the underlying mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Ambientales , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Fertilización In Vitro , Humanos , Masculino , Ácidos Ftálicos , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/inducido químicamente , Síndrome del Ovario Poliquístico/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos
12.
Med Gas Res ; 12(2): 51-54, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677152

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) triggers important changes in routine blood tests. In this retrospective case-control study, biochemical, hematological and inflammatory biomarkers between March 10, 2020, and November 30, 2020 from 3969 COVID-19 patients (3746 in the non-intensive care unit (non-ICU) group and 223 in the ICU group) were analyzed by dividing into three groups as spring, summer and autumn. In the non-ICU group, lymphocyte to monocyte ratio was lower in autumn than the other two seasons and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio was higher in autumn than the other two seasons. Also, monocyte and platelet were higher in spring than autumn; and eosinophil, hematocrit, hemoglobin, lymphocyte, and red blood cells decreased from spring to autumn. In the non-ICU group, alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase gradually increased from spring to autumn, while albumin, alkaline phosphatase, calcium, total bilirubin and total protein gradually decreased. Additionally, C-reactive protein was higher in autumn than the other seasons, erythrocyte sedimentation rate was higher in autumn than summer. The changes in routine blood biomarkers in COVID-19 varied from the emergence of the disease until now. Also, the timely changes of blood biomarkers were mostly more negative, indicating that the disease progresses severely. The study was approved by the Erzincan Binali Yildirim University Non-interventional Clinical Trials Ethic Committee (approval No. 86041) on June 21, 2021.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Anciano , Sedimentación Sanguínea , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
13.
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) ; 67(5): 266-272, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719611

RESUMEN

Low 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are closely associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D deficiency is more common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus than in the general population. In addition, vitamin D status is lower in patients with the metabolic syndrome than in those without the syndrome. Therefore, we examined the association between lipid profiles and 25(OH)D levels. In this case control study, 285 type 2 diabetic patients who attended the Manda Memorial Hospital from March to October 2017 were selected and 25(OH)D, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride (TG) levels, were obtained. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the association between 25(OH)D concentrations and TG levels was statistically significant (p<0.01) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, estimated glomerular flow rate (eGFR), insulin use, duration of diabetes mellitus, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), alcohol consumption, current smoking, and sampling timing. The serum 25(OH)D level was inversely associated with the TG level after the adjustment for the characteristics of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Deficiencia de Vitamina D , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Humanos , Japón , Lípidos , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados
14.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 830-836, 2021 Nov 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743468

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the application value of 99Tcm-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) orbital single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) in staging evaluation of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: A case-control study. A total of 40 patients with binocular TAO were recruited from May 2019 to December 2019 in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University. According to the clinical activity score (CAS) standard, 40 TAO patients were divided into the active group (15 cases) and the inactive group (25 cases), and 10 healthy volunteers were recruited as the control group. All subjects underwent 99Tcm-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT examination, and each subject's CAS, reading results and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) were recorded. The Kruskal-Walis H test was used for the CAS comparison among the three groups. The analysis of variance was used for the SUVmax comparison among the three groups. The comparison between CAS and SUVmax before and after treatment was performed by paired samples Wilcoxon signed rank test and paired-sample t test, and Spearman correlation analysis was performed between SUVmax and CAS. The Kappa test was used to check the consistency between the reading result and CAS's judgment of TAO activity. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of the reading results and SUVmax for TAO. Results: The age difference among the three groups was not statistically significant, and the gender difference was not statistically significant (all P>0.05). The difference in CAS among the three groups was statistically significant (H=39.894; P<0.01). Patients with active TAO showed abnormal concentration and enhancement of nuclides in the orbital tissue, and the uptake of radionuclides was significantly increased, while patients with inactive TAO had a slight increase, and healthy volunteers had no significant or only mild uptake. The SUVmax of the active group (2.24±0.47) was highest, and that of the inactive group (1.57±0.43) was higher than the healthy control group (0.67±0.22). After pairwise comparison, there were statistical differences between groups (all P<0.05). According to Spearman correlation analysis, the SUVmax of all TAO patients was linearly, positively correlated with their CAS (r=0.753; P<0.05). In assessing the clinical activity of TAO, the reading results were consistent with CAS (Kappa value=0.737; P<0.05). Taking the reading results as the standard, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of SUVmax was 0.992, and the threshold of SUVmax to distinguish between active and inactive periods was 1.850, with a sensitivity of 86.70% and a specificity of 76.00%. Taking CAS results as the standard, the AUC of SUVmax was 0.853, and the threshold of SUVmax to distinguish between active and inactive periods was 1.850, with a sensitivity of 100.00% and a specificity of 87.50%. Five patients had inconsistent SUVmax and CAS. The CAS was ≥3, but the orbits did not show any inflammatory lesions in two of them; the CAS was<3, but the orbits showed inflammatory lesions in three of them. Thirteen active TAO patients with 99Tcm-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT showing significant accumulation of nuclides were given hormone shock therapy 12 times. After treatment, the CAS 2.00 (2.00) was lower than the pre-treatment 3.00 (1.50) score, and the difference was statistically significant (Z=-3.100, P<0.01). The SUVmax after treatment (1.60±0.20) was lower than the pre-treatment value (2.17±0.34), and the difference was statistically significant (t=10.197, P<0.01). Conclusion: 99Tcm-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT can relatively accurately determine the state of orbital inflammation in patients with TAO, and can be used as a useful supplement to evaluate the clinical activity of TAO, helping to guide clinical treatment. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 830-836).


Asunto(s)
Oftalmopatía de Graves , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Oftalmopatía de Graves/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Ácido Pentético , Tomografía Computarizada de Emisión de Fotón Único , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
15.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(11): 1132-1140, 2021 Nov 15.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753545

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To study the association of ß2-drenergic receptor (ADRB2) regulatory region single nucleotides polymorphism (SNP)/haplotypes at rs11168070, rs17108803, rs2053044, rs12654778, rs11959427, and rs2895795 loci with childhood asthma. METHODS: A total of 143 children with asthma who attended the hospital from October 2016 to October 2020 were enrolled as the asthma group, among whom 61 children had mild symptoms (mild group) and 82 children had moderate-to-severe symptoms (moderate-to-severe group). A total of 137 healthy children were enrolled as the control group. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the two groups. The SNaPshot SNP technique was used to analyze the SNP and haplotypes of the ADRB2 regulatory region at rs11168070, rs17108803, rs2053044, rs12654778, rs11959427, and rs2895795 loci in all children. The asthma group and the control group were compared in terms of the association of ADRB2 regulatory region SNP and haplotypes at the above six loci with susceptibility to asthma and severity of asthma. RESULTS: Polymorphisms were observed in the ADRB2 regulation region at the above six loci in both the asthma group and the control group, with significant differences between the two groups in the distribution of genotype and allele frequencies at rs2895795 (-1429T /A), rs2053044(-1023G/A), and rs12654778 (-654G/A) loci (P<0.05). Linkage disequilibrium of SNP was observed at the six loci of the ADRB2 regulatory region.The haplotypes of TATGCT, TATGGC, and AGTGCT were associated with susceptibility to childhood asthma, among which TATGCT and TATGGC were risk factors for childhood asthma (OR=1.792 and 1.946 respectively, P<0.05), while AGTGCT was a protective factor (OR=0.523, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SNP/haplotype of the ADRB2 regulatory region is associated with the susceptibility to childhood asthma. The haplotypes of TATGCT and TATGGC formed by such SNP/haplotype are risk factors for childhood asthma, while AGTGCT is a protective factor.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2 , Asma/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Niño , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Genotipo , Haplotipos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/genética , Secuencias Reguladoras de Ácidos Nucleicos
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 940, 2021 Nov 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758790

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral distal tibial tubercle high tibial osteotomy (SBDTT-HTO) can result in increased blood loss. The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual hemostatic effect of different tranexamic acid (TXA) treatment regimen in SBDTT-HTO. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study including 54 patients who underwent SBDTT-HTO. The single-dose group (n = 18) received 1 g of intravenous TXA 15-30 min before surgery, the two-dose group (n = 18) received an additional 1 g of intravenous TXA 6 h after surgery, and the multiple-dose group (n = 18) received an additional 1 g intravenous TXA per-day until discharge. Blood loss, hemoglobin levels, occurrence of any adverse events,functional analysis, quality of life, and pain assessmentswere compared among the three groups. RESULTS: The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, drainage volumes, and haemoglobin level in the multiple-dose group all occupy a significant advantage.(p < 0.05). In addition, better quality of life were observed in patients belonging to the multiple-dose group then single-dose group.(p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results, for patients undergoing SBDTT-HTO, sequential intravenous TXA administration can effectively and safely reduce blood loss,maintain postoperative Hb levels,and with the advantage of accelerating recovery.


Asunto(s)
Antifibrinolíticos , Ácido Tranexámico , Administración Intravenosa , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapéutico , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica/prevención & control , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Humanos , Osteotomía , Hemorragia Posoperatoria/prevención & control , Calidad de Vida , Estudios Retrospectivos
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(42): 3501-3505, 2021 Nov 16.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775709

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the relationship between V444A mutation of the ABCB11 gene and primary intrahepatic stone (PIS). Methods: A total of 164 patients (including 91 males and 73 females, with an average age of (46.0±13.0) years) with PIS and 164 healthy (including 99 males and 65 females, with an average age of (43.8±16.7) years) volunteers were enrolled in this case-control study between October 2017 and June 2019. TaqMan-MGB was used for detecting the V444A polymorphism site of the ABCB11 gene. All the genotypes and allele frequencies were calculated. Pearson chi-squared test was performed to detect the differences in allele and genotype distribution between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify genotypes associated with PIS. Results: There was no significant difference in age and gender between the two groups(both P>0.05). The distributions of V444A allele and genotype accorded with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium law (P=0.161), which indicated that the selected control group represented statistically acceptable sample. Two alleles of T and C, and three genotypes of TT, TC and CC were detected in the locus of V444A. The T and C allele frequencies in the PIS group and the control group were 28.4% vs 35.4%, and 71.6% vs 64.6%, respectively. The frequencies of the T and C alleles were not different between the two groups (P=0.054). The frequencies of TT, TC and CC genotypes in the two groups were 5.5%, 45.7%, 48.8%, and 14.6%, 41.5%, 43.9%, respectively, with significant difference between the two groups (P=0.023). Logistic regression analysis revealed the V444A polymorphism (TC heterozygous mutation) was associated with PIS. Conclusion: ABCB11 gene polymorphism at the site of V444A may be related to the susceptibility of PIS.


Asunto(s)
Polimorfismo Genético , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Miembro 11 de la Subfamilia B de Transportador de Casetes de Unión al ATP , Adulto , Alelos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Frecuencia de los Genes , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Genotipo , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mutación
18.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 617, 2021 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724889

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Older adults (aged 65 years and above) constitute the fastest growing population cohort in the western world. There is increasing evidence that the burden of infections disproportionately affects older adults, and hence this vulnerable population is frequently exposed to antimicrobials. There is currently no systematic review summarising the evidence for organ injury risk among older adults following antimicrobial exposure. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the relationship between antimicrobial exposure and organ injury in older adults. METHODOLOGY: We searched for original research articles in PubMed, Embase.com , Web of Science core collection, Web of Science BIOSIS citation index, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ProQuest, and PsycINFO databases, using key words in titles and abstracts, and using MeSH terms. We searched for all available articles up to 31 May 2021. After removing duplicates, articles were screened for inclusion into or exclusion from the study by two reviewers. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess the risk of bias for cohort and case-control studies. We explored the heterogeneity of the included studies using the Q test and I2 test and the publication bias using the funnel plot and Egger's test. The meta-analyses were performed using the OpenMetaAnalyst software. RESULTS: The overall absolute risks of acute kidney injury among older adults prescribed aminoglycosides, glycopeptides, and macrolides were 15.1% (95% CI: 12.8-17.3), 19.1% (95% CI: 15.4-22.7), and 0.3% (95% CI: 0.3-0.3), respectively. Only 3 studies reported antimicrobial associated drug-induced liver injury. Studies reporting on the association of organ injury and antimicrobial exposure by age or duration of treatment were too few to meta-analyse. The funnel plot and Egger's tests did not indicate evidence of publication bias. CONCLUSION: Older adults have a significantly higher risk of sustaining acute kidney injury when compared to the general adult population. Older adults prescribed aminoglycosides have a similar risk of acute kidney injury to the general adult population.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios de Cohortes , Humanos
19.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(11): e2134241, 2021 11 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757409

RESUMEN

Importance: The influence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and sleep-related hypoxemia in SARS-CoV-2 viral infection and COVID-19 outcomes remains unknown. Controversy exists regarding whether to continue treatment for SDB with positive airway pressure given concern for aerosolization with limited data to inform professional society recommendations. Objective: To investigate the association of SDB (identified via polysomnogram) and sleep-related hypoxia with (1) SARS-CoV-2 positivity and (2) World Health Organization (WHO)-designated COVID-19 clinical outcomes while accounting for confounding including obesity, underlying cardiopulmonary disease, cancer, and smoking history. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case-control study was conducted within the Cleveland Clinic Health System (Ohio and Florida) and included all patients who were tested for COVID-19 between March 8 and November 30, 2020, and who had an available sleep study record. Sleep indices and SARS-CoV-2 positivity were assessed with overlap propensity score weighting, and COVID-19 clinical outcomes were assessed using the institutional registry. Exposures: Sleep study-identified SDB (defined by frequency of apneas and hypopneas using the Apnea-Hypopnea Index [AHI]) and sleep-related hypoxemia (percentage of total sleep time at <90% oxygen saturation [TST <90]). Main Outcomes and Measures: Outcomes were SARS-CoV-2 infection and WHO-designated COVID-19 clinical outcomes (hospitalization, use of supplemental oxygen, noninvasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and death). Results: Of 350 710 individuals tested for SARS-CoV-2, 5402 (mean [SD] age, 56.4 [14.5] years; 3005 women [55.6%]) had a prior sleep study, of whom 1935 (35.8%) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Of the 5402 participants, 1696 were Black (31.4%), 3259 were White (60.3%), and 822 were of other race or ethnicity (15.2%). Patients who were positive vs negative for SARS-CoV-2 had a higher AHI score (median, 16.2 events/h [IQR, 6.1-39.5 events/h] vs 13.6 events/h [IQR, 5.5-33.6 events/h]; P < .001) and increased TST <90 (median, 1.8% sleep time [IQR, 0.10%-12.8% sleep time] vs 1.4% sleep time [IQR, 0.10%-10.8% sleep time]; P = .02). After overlap propensity score-weighted logistic regression, no SDB measures were associated with SARS-CoV-2 positivity. Median TST <90 was associated with the WHO-designated COVID-19 ordinal clinical outcome scale (adjusted odds ratio, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.10-1.74; P = .005). Time-to-event analyses showed sleep-related hypoxia associated with a 31% higher rate of hospitalization and mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.08-1.57; P = .005). Conclusions and Relevance: In this case-control study, SDB and sleep-related hypoxia were not associated with increased SARS-CoV-2 positivity; however, once patients were infected with SARS-CoV-2, sleep-related hypoxia was an associated risk factor for detrimental COVID-19 outcomes.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Causas de Muerte , Hospitalización , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Síndromes de la Apnea del Sueño/complicaciones , Anciano , COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/terapia , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Presión de las Vías Aéreas Positiva Contínua , Prestación Integrada de Atención de Salud , Oxigenación por Membrana Extracorpórea , Femenino , Florida , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Hipoxia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Oportunidad Relativa , Ohio , Respiración Artificial , Factores de Riesgo , SARS-CoV-2 , Sueño , Síndromes de la Apnea del Sueño/patología , Síndromes de la Apnea del Sueño/terapia
20.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 10789-10796, 2021 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763440

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hip fracture (HF) is a major health problem for older patients. Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common complication in HF patients. It extends the length of the hospital stay and affects the recovery of mobility. This study aims to explore the relationship between self-efficacy, resilience, and quality of life in older patients with HF after HF combined with POUR and to improve the rehabilitation plan for HF patients. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted to assess 221 older patients with HF who underwent surgery for the first time at the Department of Orthopedics, Xishan People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2021. Of these, 111 patients were in the POUR group (Group A), and the remaining 110 patients were in the non-POUR group (Group B). Three months after the operation, a questionnaire was administered to assess the relationship between POUR and self-efficacy, resilience, and quality of life. RESULTS: Self-efficacy scores of Group A (23.52±3.18) were lower than those of Group B (27.23±2.40), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Except for self-improvement, subscores and total scores of all resilience measures in Group A were lower than those of Group B, and these differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of all quality of life measures of Group A were lower than those of Group B, and the differences were statistically significant except for role-emotional (RE) (P<0.05). The correlation analysis between self-efficacy and resilience in older patients with HF after the operation showed that self-efficacy was positively correlated with the total resilience score and the toughness optimism dimensions (P<0.01). Correlation analysis between self-efficacy and quality of life showed that self-efficacy was positively correlated with role-physical (RP), bodily pain (BP), general health (GH), vitality (VT), and social functioning (SF) (P<0.01). Correlation analysis between resilience and quality of life showed that total resilience scores, toughness, and optimism were positively correlated with physical functioning (PF), RP, BP, GH, VT, and SF (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of POUR after HF significantly reduces self-efficacy, resilience, and quality of life in older adults.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Retención Urinaria , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Autoeficacia , Retención Urinaria/etiología
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