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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 42-47, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023717

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of the joint prediction model based on the modified systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score (hereinafter referred to as the joint prediction model) for the mortality risk of patients with large area burns within 24 hours after admission. Methods: The clinical data of 158 patients [111 males, 47 females, aged 40 (28, 50) years] admitted to the Department of Burn Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University from January 2005 to January 2018, conforming to the study criteria, were analyzed retrospectively by the method of case-control study. The age, gender, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, injury cause, with or without inhalation injury, severity of inhalation injury, and tracheotomy condition of patients were recorded, and the modified SIRS score and the modified Baux score of patients were calculated. According to the final outcome, all patients were divided into survival group (n=123) and death group (n=35). The clinical data of patients between two groups, except for modified Baux score, were compared by chi-square test or Mann-Whitney U test to screen the death-related factors of patients. The indexes with statistically significant difference between the two groups were included in the multivariate logistic regression analysis to screen the independent risk factors related to the death of patients, and the prediction model was constructed by combining the modified SIRS score. The receiver's operating characteristic curves of the modified SIRS score, the modified Baux score, and the joint prediction model of 158 patients were drawn to analyze their ability to predict death of patients. The area under curve (AUC) of the receiver's operating characteristic and the sensitivity and specificity of optimal threshold were calculated, and the quality of AUC of the three prediction indexes was compared with Jonckheere-Terpstra test. Results: (1) There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in the modified SIRS score, age, total burn area, full-thickness burn area, severity of inhalation injury, with or without inhalation injury, and tracheotomy condition of patients (Z=-4.356, -3.568, -5.291, -6.052, -4.720, χ(2)=12.967, 19.692, P<0.01). (2) The modified SIRS score, age, full-thickness burn area were the independent risk factors for the death of patients with large area burn (odds ratio=2.699, 1.069, 1.029, 95% confidence interval=1.447-5.033, 1.029-1.109, 1.005-1.054, P<0.05). (3) The AUC of modified SIRS score, the joint prediction model, and the modified Baux score for predicting death of 158 patients within 24 hours after admission were 0.730, 0.879, and 0.895 respectively (95% confidence interval=0.653-0.797, 0.818-0.926, 0.836-0.938, P<0.01). The sensitivities of the three optimal threshold values to death prediction were 54.3%, 91.4%, and 82.9% respectively, while the specificities were 81.3%, 76.4%, and 84.6% respectively. The AUC quality of the joint prediction model was similar to that of the modified Baux score (95% confidence interval=-0.057-0.088, P>0.05), and both of them were significantly better than that of the modified SIRS score (95% confidence interval=0.072-0.259, 0.023-0.276, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: Both the joint prediction model and the modified Baux score are considered to be good to predict the death rate of patients with large area burns at early stage after admission. However, the joint prediction model has better clinical practice value due to its advantage of simple scoring and easier access to data acquisition.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Síndrome de Respuesta Inflamatoria Sistémica , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Hospitalización , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Curva ROC , Estudios Retrospectivos
2.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 54-57, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023719

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the occurrence and risk factors of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in adult burn patients. Methods: The clinical data of 1 219 adult burn patients admitted to the Department of Burns of Zhengzhou First People's Hospital from January 1, 2015 to August 31, 2016, conforming to the study criteria, were analyzed retrospectively by the method of case-control study, including 811 males and 408 females, aged 18-102 years. According to whether DVT occurred during hospitalization or not, the patients were divided into group DVT (n=12) and non-DVT group (n=1 207). The incidence of DVT, the diagnosis time of DVT, affected limbs, and DVT classification were counted and recorded. The gender, age, total burn area, D-dimer, lower limb burn, full-thickness burn, femoral vein indwelling central venous catheter (CVC) , inhalation injury, sepsis/infection shock, surgical operation, and infusion of concentrated red blood cells of patients between the two groups were compared with chi-square test, and then the indicators with statistically significant differences between the two groups were processed by multivariate binary logistic regression analysis to screen the independent risk factors of DVT in the adult burn patients. Results: (1) The incidence of DVT of adult burn patients was 0.98% (12/1 219), and DVT was diagnosed 24-138 days after injury, with a median of 61.5 days. DVT occurred in the right lower limb of 2 patients, left lower limb of 8 patients, and bilateral lower limbs of 2 patients, and DVT classification included 6 cases of mixed type and 6 cases of peripheral type. (2) There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, and full-thickness burn of patients between the two groups ( χ(2)=1.524, 0.021, 3.115, P>0.05). There were statistically significant differences in total burn area, lower limb burn, inhalation injury, sepsis/infection shock, D-dimer, femoral vein indwelling CVC, surgical operation, and infusion of concentrated red blood cells among patients between the two groups (χ(2)=17.975, 6.206, 3.987, 8.875, 5.447, 15.124, 10.735, 14.031, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (3) Total burn area, D-dimer, and femoral vein indwelling CVC were independent risk factors for DVT in adult burn patients (odds ratio=10.927, 4.762, 9.394, 95% confidence interval=3.078-38.789, 1.197-18.934, 2.631-33.540, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The incidence of DVT in adult burn patients is relatively low, and the diagnosis time of DVT is 3 weeks after burn, with DVT classification of mixed type and peripheral type. The total burn area, femoral vein indwelling CVC, and D-dimer are independent risk factors for predicting DVT in adult burn patients.


Asunto(s)
Quemaduras , Trombosis de la Vena , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Quemaduras/complicaciones , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Trombosis de la Vena/etiología , Adulto Joven
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18919, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000401

RESUMEN

Previous studies have suggested that patients with psychotic or mental disorders are relatively pain insensitive, resulting in difficulties in the diagnosis of acute intra-abdominal diseases requiring emergency surgeries. We aimed to evaluate whether central nervous system (CNS) or mental disorders are associated with perforated appendicitis in patients with acute appendicitis.We conducted a population-based case-control study using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research database. Patients aged >18 years who had been hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis between 2000 and 2013 were identified. After 1:1 matching for age and sex, 2792 patients with perforated appendicitis (case group) and 2792 patients with nonperforated appendicitis (control group) were included. CNS disorders, mental disorders, pain control medication, and several comorbidities were analyzed for the odds of appendiceal perforation with 95% confidence interval (CI) using the multivariable logistic regression model.Schizophrenia and dementia were associated with a high risk of appendiceal rupture in patients with acute appendicitis, with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.01 for dementia (95% CI: 1.19-3.39, P = .009) and 4.8 for schizophrenia (95% CI: 1.62-14.19, P = .005). Other factors, such as other CNS disorders, comorbidities, and pain control medication, were not associated with the risk of perforated appendicitis.Dementia and schizophrenia are associated with perforated appendicitis in patients with acute appendicitis. This might be owing to altered pain perception, difficult symptom expression, and delayed hospitalization. Further studies are still needed to determine the underlying mechanism and confirm the causality.


Asunto(s)
Apendicitis/epidemiología , Demencia/epidemiología , Esquizofrenia/epidemiología , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Percepción del Dolor , Riesgo , Adulto Joven
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18940, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000412

RESUMEN

Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) is a free form of membrane-bound ST2, which is a member of the interleukin-1 receptor family. Previous research has shown that sST2 is associated with diabetes, but cardiovascular risk factors have not been established.To analyze the relationship between sST2 and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).After screening, a total of 118 subjects with T2DM were divided into 2 groups according to the measurement of CIMT (normal CIMT (NCIMT), n = 58; abnormal CIMT (ACIMT), n = 60), and 60 healthy subjects (normal control (NC), n = 60) were recruited in this study. CIMT was measured by a color Doppler ultrasound, and sST2 and other metabolic parameters were measured as well.The median concentration of sST2 was elevated in the ACIMT group (31.30 ng/ml) compared with the NCIMT group (28.29 ng/ml, P < .01) and the NC group (20.15 ng/ml, P < .01). After adjustment for age and sex, log sST2 was strongly associated with smoking history (ß = 0.197, 95% CI, 0.084-0.311, P < .01), FPG level (ß = 0.302, 95% CI, 0.162-0.442, P < .01) and HbA1c level (ß = 0.296, 95% CI, 0.165-0.426, P < .01) and negatively correlated with HDL level (ß = -0.153, 95% CI, -0.259 to -0.046, P < .01). Furthermore, sST2 level was a risk factor for increased CIMT in patients with T2DM.Increased sST2 level not only was associated with indicators of glucose and lipid metabolism but also was a risk factor for increased CIMT in patients with T2DM. Thus, sST2 may be a potential novel marker to assess the progression of diabetic macrovascular complications.


Asunto(s)
Grosor Intima-Media Carotídeo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangre , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagen , Proteína 1 Similar al Receptor de Interleucina-1/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo
5.
Adv Neurobiol ; 24: 505-523, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006370

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by core deficits in social interactions, verbal/nonverbal communication, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped behaviors. Children with ASD are known to have several feeding problems that are believed to affect their nutritional and health status. AIM: The present study was designed to assess the food preferences in Omani children diagnosed with ASD compared with controls. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in which 375 children (males and females) aged between 4 and 13 years were recruited. The sample consisted of 163 children with ASD and a control group of 212 typically developing (TD) children. For each participant, demographic, anthropometric, and medical information and information regarding dietary intakes were gathered using the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess their food preferences. RESULTS: The sociodemographic characteristics of caregivers were similar in the two groups, while their perceptions based on several nutritional parameters were different. Children's age and body mass index (BMI) were similar in both groups, while the number of male children was higher in ASD group (P < 0.001). Problematic behaviors including food refusal and selectivity were significantly higher in ASD children than in TD children. Despite that, the children with ASD were found to consume mostly traditional Omani dishes. CONCLUSION: This is the first study that provides information on the eating habits and nutritional intake of Omani children diagnosed with ASD. The overall findings are promising and may contribute to further understanding of food preferences in children with ASD in Oman. Such information is highly valuable for the prevention and management of nutritional deficiencies among Omani children with autism by improving their diet quality.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista/epidemiología , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Dieta/estadística & datos numéricos , Preferencias Alimentarias , Encuestas Nutricionales , Adolescente , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Omán/epidemiología
6.
J Physiol Anthropol ; 39(1): 1, 2020 Jan 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952553

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dermatoglyphics has been used widely in fields of medicine as a non-invasive diagnostic tool and an early assessment of risk for certain medical conditions. It reflects disturbances in fetal development during early prenatal weeks 14-22 when fingerprints develop. Dermatoglyphic asymmetry has been used to measure developmental instability during a specific period of human fetal development. Thus, the present study was planned to investigate whether digital and palmar dermatoglyphics of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu) patients in Sri Lanka are different from healthy people. METHODS: A case control study was carried out among CKDu patients (90 males, 90 females) from a CKDu endemic area and gender-matched two control groups; one group from a CKDu endemic region (90 males, 90 females) and another group from a CKDu non-endemic region (90 males, 90 females). Dermatoglyphics were obtained using photographic methods. Both qualitative and quantitative dermatoglyphic variables were defined and analyzed according to standard criteria. Both directional (DA) and fluctuating asymmetry (FA) were assessed. RESULTS: Several qualitative dermatoglyphic variables had significant association with CKDu. The triradii a1 variable was less evident in palms of CKDu cases in both genders when compared to both control groups. The FA of pattern discordance (right vs left hands) between CKDu cases and control group were significant in several digits. The FA of the ridge count was found significant in several digits, and also significant for A-B ridge count and total ridge count. CONCLUSION: Based on these results, it is proposed that the mechanisms responsible for the development of CKDu might be associated with those responsible for FA observed in CKDu patients. Accordingly, a diagnostic tool based on FA could be developed for predicting risk prior to the development of CKDu.


Asunto(s)
Dermatoglifia , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/fisiopatología , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Dedos/anatomía & histología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Sri Lanka/epidemiología
7.
BMJ ; 368: l6987, 2020 01 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969318

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the magnitude and duration of any hypothesised protective effect of household exposure to a child with varicella on the relative incidence of herpes zoster in adults. DESIGN: Self controlled case series. SETTING: UK general practices contributing to Clinical Practice Research Datalink. PARTICIPANTS: 9604 adults (≥18 years) with a diagnosis of herpes zoster (in primary care or hospital records) between 1997 and 2018, who during their observation period lived with a child (<18 years) with a diagnosis of varicella. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Relative incidence of herpes zoster in the 20 years after exposure to a child with varicella in the household compared with baseline time (all other time, excluding the 60 days before exposure). RESULTS: 6584 of the 9604 adults with herpes zoster (68.6%) were women. Median age of exposure to a child with varicella was 38.3 years (interquartile range 32.3-48.8 years) and median observation period was 14.7 (11.1-17.7) years. 4116 adults developed zoster in the baseline period, 433 in the 60 days before exposure and 5055 in the risk period. After adjustment for age, calendar time, and season, strong evidence suggested that in the two years after household exposure to a child with varicella, adults were 33% less likely to develop zoster (incidence ratio 0.67, 95% confidence interval 0.62 to 0.73) compared with baseline time. In the 10-20 years after exposure, adults were 27% less likely to develop herpes zoster (0.73, 0.62 to 0.87) compared with baseline time. A stronger boosting effect was observed among men than among women after exposure to varicella. CONCLUSIONS: The relative incidence of zoster was lower in the periods after exposure to a household contact with varicella, with modest but long lasting protective effects observed. This study suggests that exogenous boosting provides some protection from the risk of herpes zoster, but not complete immunity, as assumed by previous cost effectiveness estimates of varicella immunisation.


Asunto(s)
Varicela/inmunología , Herpes Zóster/epidemiología , Herpesvirus Humano 3/inmunología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Varicela/virología , Preescolar , Registros Electrónicos de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Herpes Zóster/inmunología , Herpes Zóster/virología , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Medición de Riesgo , Reino Unido/epidemiología
8.
Hum Genet ; 139(2): 227-245, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919630

RESUMEN

Fragile X-related disorders are due to a dynamic mutation of the CGG repeat at the 5' UTR of the FMR1 gene, coding for the RNA-binding protein FMRP. As the CGG sequence expands from premutation (PM, 56-200 CGGs) to full mutation (> 200 CGGs), FMRP synthesis decreases until it is practically abolished in fragile X syndrome (FXS) patients, mainly due to FMR1 methylation. Cells from rare individuals with no intellectual disability and carriers of an unmethylated full mutation (UFM) produce slightly elevated levels of FMR1-mRNA and relatively low levels of FMRP, like in PM carriers. With the aim of clarifying how UFM cells differ from CTRL and FXS cells, a comparative proteomic approach was undertaken, from which emerged an overexpression of SOD2 in UFM cells, also confirmed in PM but not in FXS. The SOD2-mRNA bound to FMRP in UFM more than in the other cell types. The high SOD2 levels in UFM and PM cells correlated with lower levels of superoxide and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and with morphological anomalies and depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane detected through confocal microscopy. The same effect was observed in CTRL and FXS after treatment with MC2791, causing SOD2 overexpression. These mitochondrial phenotypes reverted after knock-down with siRNA against SOD2-mRNA and FMR1-mRNA in UFM and PM. Overall, these data suggest that in PM and UFM carriers, which have high levels of FMR1 transcription and may develop FXTAS, SOD2 overexpression helps to maintain low levels of both superoxide and ROS with signs of mitochondrial degradation.


Asunto(s)
Ataxia/patología , Metilación de ADN , Proteína del Retraso Mental del Síndrome del Cromosoma X Frágil/metabolismo , Síndrome del Cromosoma X Frágil/patología , Mitocondrias/patología , Proteínas Mitocondriales/metabolismo , Mutación , Proteoma/análisis , Temblor/patología , Ataxia/genética , Ataxia/metabolismo , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/patología , Proteína del Retraso Mental del Síndrome del Cromosoma X Frágil/genética , Síndrome del Cromosoma X Frágil/genética , Síndrome del Cromosoma X Frágil/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Mitocondrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriales/genética , ARN Interferente Pequeño/genética , Superóxido Dismutasa/antagonistas & inhibidores , Superóxido Dismutasa/genética , Superóxido Dismutasa/metabolismo , Temblor/genética , Temblor/metabolismo
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18445, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895772

RESUMEN

BACKGROUNDS: HER-2 positive breast cancer is a subtype of breast cancer with poor clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for HER-2 positive breast cancer and elucidate the potential interactions among them. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three gene expression profiles (GSE29431, GSE45827, and GSE65194) were derived from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. GEO2R tool was applied to obtain DEGs between HER-2 positive breast cancer and normal breast tissues. Gene ontology (GO) annotation analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis was performed by the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (David) online tool. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, hub gene identification and module analysis was conducted by Cytoscape software. Online Kaplan-Meier plotter survival analysis tool was also used to investigate the prognostic values of hub genes in HER-2 positive breast cancer patients. RESULTS: A total of 54 upregulated DEGs and 269 downregulated DEGs were identified. Among them, 10 hub genes including CCNB1, RAC1, TOP2A, KIF20A, RRM2, ASPM, NUSAP1, BIRC5, BUB1B, and CEP55 demonstrated by connectivity degree in the PPI network were screened out. In Kaplan-Meier plotter survival analysis, the overexpression of RAC1 and RRM2 were shown to be associated with an unfavorable prognosis in HER-2 positive breast cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: This present study identified a number of potential target genes and pathways which might impact the oncogenesis and progression of HER-2 positive breast cancer. These findings could provide new insights into the detection of novel diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for this disease.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/genética , Regulación Neoplásica de la Expresión Génica/genética , Ribonucleósido Difosfato Reductasa/genética , Proteína de Unión al GTP rac1/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Biología Computacional , Regulación hacia Abajo , Femenino , Humanos , Receptor ErbB-2 , Transcriptoma/genética , Regulación hacia Arriba
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18462, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895778

RESUMEN

Proinflammatory interleukin-26 (IL-26) is involved in chronic inflammation; however, the role of IL-26 in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains unknown.In this study, serum IL-26 was quantified in a cohort of CHB patients at baseline and during telbivudine (LdT) treatment.Our results showed that the serum IL-26 level was significantly elevated in CHB patients compared with that in healthy controls and was time-dependently decreased during LdT treatment, accompanying hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion and reduced serum levels of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA, aspartate transaminase, and alanine transaminase across baseline and treatment. In addition, the serum level of IL-26 exhibited a similar declining trend to that of T helper 17 (Th17) cell-secreted IL-17 during LdT treatment in CHB patients. The percentage of IL-26-expressing CD4 cells was significantly higher than that of IL-26-expressing CD4 cells isolated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of CHB patients, suggesting that serum IL-26 might be mainly released from CD4 T cells. Furthermore, the baseline mRNA levels of IL-26 and orphan nuclear receptor RORγt-an important transcription factor expressed by Th17 cells-were positively correlated and displayed the same declining trend across the baseline and LdT treatment in CHB patients, suggesting that Th17 cells could be a possible cellular source of the increased serum IL-26 in CHB patients.Taken together, our results suggest that serum IL-26, possibly produced by Th17 CD4 cells, is a novel and potential biomarker for CHB prognosis and treatment.


Asunto(s)
Virus de la Hepatitis B/inmunología , Hepatitis B Crónica/sangre , Hepatitis B Crónica/inmunología , Interleucinas/sangre , Adulto , Antivirales/uso terapéutico , Linfocitos T CD4-Positivos/inmunología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ensayo de Inmunoadsorción Enzimática , Femenino , Hepatitis B Crónica/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Telbivudina/uso terapéutico , Células Th17/inmunología , Adulto Joven
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18494, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895783

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC-line) are devices inserted through peripheral venous access. In our institution, this technology has been rapidly adopted by physicians in their routine practice. Bacteremia on catheters remains an important public health issue in France. However, the mortality attributable to bacteremia on PICC-line remains poorly evaluated in France and in the literature in general. We report in our study an exhaustive inventory of bacteremia on PICC-line and their 30 days mortality, over a 7 years period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2016, we retrospectively matched PICC-line registers of the radiology department, blood culture records of the microbiology laboratory and medical records from the Hospital Information Systems. RESULTS: The 11,334 hospital stays during which a PICC-line was inserted were included over a period of 7 years. Among them, 258 episodes of PICC-line-associated bacteremia were recorded, resulting in a prevalence of 2.27%. Hematology units: 20/324 (6.17%), oncology units: 55/1375 (4%) and hepato-gastro-enterology units: 42/1142 (3.66%) had the highest prevalence of PICC-line related bacteremia. The correlation analysis, when adjusted by exposure and year, shows that the unit profile explains 72% of the variability in the rate of bacteremia with a P = .023. Early bacteremia, occurring within 21 days of insertion, represented 75% of cases. The crude death ratio at 30 days, among patients PICC-line associated bacteremia was 57/11 334 (0.50%). The overall 30-day mortality of patients with PICC-line with and without bacteremia was 1369/11334 (12.07%). On day 30, mortality of patients with bacteremia associated PICC-line was 57/258 or 22.09% of cases, compared to a mortality rate of 1311/11076, or 11.83% in the control group (P < .05, RR 2.066 [1.54-2.75]). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a statistically significant excess mortality between patients with PICC-line associated bacteremia and PICC-line carriers without bacteremia (P < .0007, hazard ratio 1.89 [1307-2709]). CONCLUSION: Patients with PICC-line associated bacteremia have a significant excess mortality. The implementation of a PICC-line should remain the last resort after a careful assessment of the benefit/risk ratio by a senior doctor.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Relacionadas con Catéteres/mortalidad , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efectos adversos , Cateterismo Periférico/efectos adversos , Catéteres de Permanencia/efectos adversos , Anciano , Bacteriemia/microbiología , Bacteriemia/mortalidad , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Francia/epidemiología , Hospitales Públicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Estimación de Kaplan-Meier , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18574, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895802

RESUMEN

Progranulin (PGRN) is a secreted protein that can regulate cell cycle progression, cell motility, and tumorigenesis. The PGRN expression in hematological malignancies is limited to multiple myeloma, but its expression and survival prognostic role in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is still controversial.To evaluate the PGRN expression and estimate its survival prognostic role in AML patients.In this study, all patients were divided into three groups, which included 38 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, 33 complete remissions (CR-AML) patients, and 60 healthy control (HC) patients. The endpoints were relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). We investigated plasma PGRN levels by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Plasma PGRN levels in AML patients were higher than that in CR-AML and HC groups. After two chemo cycles, 16 patients had complete remission (CR). The level of plasma PGRN in non-CR patients compared to CR patients was obviously different (median 44.19 vs 21.10 ng/mL) (P = .025). In non-M3 (French-American-British classification) patients, 70% (21/30) patients relapsed in 1 year and 80% (24/80) patients died in the observed time. Using the value (median 19.95) as a "cut-off" value, we have divided non-M3 patients into low- and high-PGRN expression groups. High-PGRN expression patients had a poorer RFS with a median of 5.4 months (95% CI 3.7-7.1) and low-PGRN expression patients had a good RFS with a median of 8.9 months (95% CI 6.3-11.5; P = .027). In the survival analyses, high-PGRN expression of AML patients had shorter OS than low-PGRN expression of AML patients (6.2 vs 20.5 months, P = .008).PGRN is overexpressed in AML, which is a convenient and independent prognostic marker that is measured easily in AML patients.


Asunto(s)
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangre , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidad , Progranulinas/sangre , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Biomarcadores de Tumor/sangre , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Femenino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Inducción/mortalidad , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamiento farmacológico , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Análisis de Supervivencia , Adulto Joven
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18596, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895808

RESUMEN

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Because the molecular mechanisms of DKD are not fully understood, exploration of hub genes and the mechanisms underlying this disease are essential for elucidating the pathogenesis and progression of DKD. Accordingly, in this study, we performed an analysis of gene expression in DKD. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) included 39 upregulated genes and 113 downregulated genes in the GSE30528 dataset and 127 upregulated genes and 18 downregulated genes in the GSE30529 dataset. Additionally, functional analyses were performed to determine the roles of DEGs using glomeruli samples from patients with DKD and healthy controls from the GSE30528 dataset and using tubule samples from patients with DKD and healthy controls from the GSE30529 dataset. These DEGs were enriched in pathways such as the Wnt signaling pathway, metabolic pathways, and the mammalian target of rapamycin signaling pathway in the GSE30528 dataset and the longevity regulating pathway and Ras signaling pathway in the GSE30529 dataset. Moreover, a protein-protein interaction network was constructed using the identified DEGs, and hub gene analysis was performed. Furthermore, correlation analyses between key genes and pathological characteristics of DKD indicated that CCR4, NTNG1, HGF and ISL1 are related to DKD, and NTNG1 and HGF may server as diagnostic biomarkers in DKD using the receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve. Collectively, our findings established 2 reliable biomarkers for DKD.


Asunto(s)
Nefropatías Diabéticas/metabolismo , Factor de Crecimiento de Hepatocito/metabolismo , Riñón/metabolismo , Netrinas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Proteínas Ligadas a GPI/metabolismo , Humanos
15.
Orv Hetil ; 161(5): 169-176, 2020 02.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984773

RESUMEN

Introduction: Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) and immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis (ALA) are two, rare haematological disorders associated with cardiac alterations. Aim: The goal of the present study was a comparative assessment of left ventricular (LV) deformational parameters in HES and ALA patients using three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE). Method: In the present study, results of 10 HES patients (mean age: 60.9 ± 14.7 years) and 19 ALA patients (mean age: 63.4 ± 7.8 years, 13 males) were analysed. The control group contained 13 age- and gender-matched healthy adults (mean age: 59.2 ± 4.3 years, 5 males). All patients underwent a complete two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography followed by 3DSTE. Results: All basal segmental LV strains were significantly reduced in ALA patients as compared to the control group. Global and mean segmental LV longitudinal strain (LS) values of ALA patients proved to be significantly decreased as compared to those of the healthy control group. During comparison of HES patients and healthy controls, significant difference could be detected in global LV-LS, while segmental basal LV-LS was also significantly reduced in HES patients. Basal LV radial and 3D strains showed significant differences when parameters of HES and ALA patient groups were compared. Conclusion: 3DSTE is a feasible tool for the detailed assessment of LV deformation in HES and ALA patients. Significant LV deformational abnormalities could be detected in both groups. In the case of ALA, these abnormalities are more prominent. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(5): 169-176.


Asunto(s)
Cardiomiopatías/diagnóstico por imagen , Ecocardiografía Tridimensional/métodos , Ventrículos Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagen , Síndrome Hipereosinofílico , Amiloidosis de Cadenas Ligeras de las Inmunoglobulinas/diagnóstico por imagen , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto , Anciano , Cardiomiopatías/inmunología , Cardiomiopatías/fisiopatología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ecocardiografía Doppler , Femenino , Humanos , Amiloidosis de Cadenas Ligeras de las Inmunoglobulinas/inmunología , Amiloidosis de Cadenas Ligeras de las Inmunoglobulinas/fisiopatología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/inmunología , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/fisiopatología , Función Ventricular Izquierda
16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 365-374, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985623

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A practical application of three-dimensional printing technology has been considered a difficult area in rhinoplasty. However, the patient-specific three-dimensionally printed rhinoplasty guide based on the simulation program the authors developed could be a solution for minimizing the gap between simulation and actual surgical results. The aims of this study were to determine how a three-dimensional rhinoplasty guide based on three-dimensional simulation would link the patient to the surgeon to investigate its effectiveness. METHODS: Fifty patients who underwent rhinoplasty between January of 2017 and February of 2018 were included in this study. The patients were consulted about the desired shape of their nose based on preoperative three-dimensional photography. The confirmed three-dimensional simulation was sent to a manufacturing company for three-dimensionally printed rhinoplasty guides. In the guide group, rhinoplasty was performed based on the three-dimensionally printed rhinoplasty guide, and in the control group, procedures were performed based on the surgeon's intuition. RESULTS: The intraclass correlation coefficient test for comparing the simulated and postoperative measurements showed higher correlation in the three-dimensional printing guide group: higher correlation 11.3 percent in nasal tip projection, 21.6 percent in dorsum height, and 9.8 percent in nasolabial angle. The postoperative result of the nasal dorsum had a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the usefulness of the three-dimensionally-printed rhinoplasty guide, which delivers the preoperative simulated image in the actual clinical practice of rhinoplasty. This approach could cause a paradigm shift in simulation-based rhinoplasty. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.


Asunto(s)
Impresión Tridimensional , Rinoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Simulación por Computador , Técnicas Cosméticas , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen Tridimensional , Masculino , Satisfacción del Paciente , Cuidados Preoperatorios/métodos , Reoperación , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 493-503, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985646

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Secondary fusion of initially patent cranial sutures after primary correction of nonsyndromic craniosynostosis is rarely reported. This study's aim is to report the incidence and analyze whether there are variables that may predispose to such fusion. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective, case-control study was conducted of all nonsyndromic patients who underwent operative treatment for craniosynostosis from April of 2008 to May of 2017. Patients with less than 1 year of follow-up and/or without a 1-year postoperative computed tomographic scan were excluded. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were included in the study, with a mean 2.57-year postoperative follow-up. Six patients (8.8 percent) were found to have secondary craniosynostosis, all of whom had fusion of sutures that were initially patent and refusion of the primary pathologic suture(s). Fifty percent of secondary fusions presented as pansynostosis. On univariate analysis, suturectomy with barrel staving (p < 0.01) was significantly associated with secondary suture fusion. On multivariate analysis, bilambdoid suture involvement (p = 0.03) and suturectomy with barrel staving (p = 0.01) were significantly associated with secondary suture fusion. CONCLUSIONS: Secondary cranial suture fusion may be a relatively common complication after primary craniosynostosis correction. Suturectomy with barrel staving was independently associated with secondary craniosynostosis. Wide surgical separation of the dura from the cranium and osteotomies across patent sutures may predispose to secondary craniosynostosis. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.


Asunto(s)
Suturas Craneales/cirugía , Craneosinostosis/cirugía , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Preescolar , Craneosinostosis/diagnóstico , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Recurrencia , Reoperación , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Resultado del Tratamiento
18.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e95, 2020 Jan 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987063

RESUMEN

AIMS: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to suffer from various medical comorbidities. We studied the comorbidity burden and health services' utilisation of children with ASD to highlight potential aetiologies and to better understand the medical needs of these children. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, ASD cases and controls - matched by age, sex and ethnicity in a 1:5 ratio - were sampled from all children born between 2009 and 2016 at a tertiary medical centre. Data were obtained from the hospital's electronic database. Comorbid diagnoses were classified according to pathophysiological aetiology and anatomical/systemic classification of disease. Standard univariate and multivariate statistics were used to demonstrate comorbidities and health services' utilisation patterns that are significantly associated with ASD. RESULTS: ASD children had higher rates of comorbidities according to both pathophysiological and anatomical/systemic classifications (p < 0.001). The most marked significant differences were observed for: hearing impairments (OR = 4.728; 95% CI 2.207-10.127) and other auricular conditions (OR = 5.040; 95% CI 1.759-14.438); neurological (OR = 8.198; 95% CI 5.690-11.813) and ophthalmological (OR = 3.381; 95% CI 1.617-7.068) conditions; and ADD/ADHD (OR = 3.246; 95% CI 1.811-5.818). A subgroup analysis revealed a more profound case-control difference in anaemia rates among girls than in boys (OR = 3.25; 95% CI 1.04-10.19 v. OR = 0.74; 95% CI 0.33-1.64 respectively) and an opposite trend (larger differences in males than in females in cardiovascular diseases (OR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.23-3.23 v. OR = 0.76; 95% CI 0.17-3.45, respectively)). In addition, larger case-control differences were seen among Bedouin children than in Jewish children in a number of medical comorbidities (Breslow-Day test for homogeneity of odds ratio p-value <0.05). Finally, we found that children with ASD tended to be referred to the emergency department and to be admitted to the hospital more frequently than children without ASD, even after adjusting for their comorbidity burden (aOR = 1.28; 95% CI 1.08-1.50 and aOR = 1.28; 95% CI 1.11-1.47 for >1 referrals and admissions per year, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study contribute to the overall understanding of comorbid conditions and health services' utilisation for children with ASD. The higher prevalences of comorbidities and healthcare services' utilisation for children with ASD highlight the additional medical burden associated with this condition.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista/terapia , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/epidemiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Niño , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiología , Masculino , Registros Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Prevalencia
19.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 27-31, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927802

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD) may be associated with neurodevelopmental abnormalities mainly due to brain hypoperfusion. This defect is attributed to the major cardiac operations these children underwent, but also to hemodynamic instability during fetal life. Advances in imaging techniques have identified changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)in children with CHD. OBJECTIVES: To examine the correlation between CHD and brain injury using fetal brain MRI. METHODS: We evaluated 46 fetuses diagnosed with CHD who underwent brain MRI. CHD was classified according to in situs anomalies, 4 chamber view (4CV), outflow tracts, arches, and veins as well as cyanotic or complex CHD. We compared MRI results of different classes of CHD and CHD fetuses to a control group of 113 healthy brain MRI examinations. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in brain pathologies among different classifications of CHD. The anteroposterior percentile of the vermis was significantly smaller in fetuses with abnormal 4CV. A significantly higher biparietal diameter was found in fetuses with abnormal arches. A significantly smaller transcerebellar diameter was found in fetuses with abnormal veins. Compared to the control group, significant differences were found in overall brain pathology in cortex abnormalities and in extra axial findings in the study group. Significantly higher rates of overall brain pathologies, ventricle pathologies, cortex pathologies, and biometrical parameters were found in the cyanotic group compared to the complex group and to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Fetuses with CHD demonstrate findings in brain MRI that suggest an in utero pathogenesis of the neurological and cognitive anomalies found during child development.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Encefálicas/embriología , Feto/diagnóstico por imagen , Cardiopatías Congénitas/etiología , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Encéfalo/embriología , Encéfalo/patología , Lesiones Encefálicas/complicaciones , Lesiones Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagen , Lesiones Encefálicas/patología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Ecocardiografía , Femenino , Cardiopatías Congénitas/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Neuroimagen , Embarazo , Diagnóstico Prenatal/métodos
20.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 37-42, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927804

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is a need for standardized and objective methods to measure postural instability (PI) and gait dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Recent technological advances in wearable devices, including standard smartphones, may provide such measurements. OBJECTIVES: To test the feasibility of smartphones to detect PI during the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test. METHODS: Ambulatory PD patients, divided by item 30 (postural stability) of the motor Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) to those with a normal (score = 0, PD-NPT) and an abnormal (score ≥ 1, PD-APT) test and a group of healthy controls (HC) performed a 10-meter TUG while motion sensor data was recorded from a smartphone attached to their sternum using the EncephaLog application. RESULTS: In this observational study, 44 PD patients (21 PD-NPT and 23 PD-APT) and 22 HC similar in age and gender distribution were assessed. PD-APT differed significantly in all gait parameters when compared to PD-NPT and HC. Significant difference between PD-NPT and HC included only turning time (P < 0.006) and step-to-step correlation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: While high correlations were found between EncephaLog gait parameters and axial UPDRS items, the pull test was least correlated with EncephaLog measures. Motion sensor data from a smartphone can detect differences in gait and balance measures between PD with and without PI and HC.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Balance Postural , Teléfono Inteligente , Anciano , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedad de Parkinson/fisiopatología
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