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3.
Psychiatr Prax ; 47(1): 22-28, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910457

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade, methamphetamine use has spread rapidly in Europe, leading to a significant medical shortfall in many regions. To date, there are no standardized German-language therapy programs for qualified detoxification and motivation treatment. We have developed a therapy manual ("CrystalClean") over 15 therapy modules, which was evaluated in the present pilot study with regard to feasibility and acceptability. METHODS: Observational study with systematic interviews over 3 months on 31 patients with methamphetamine dependence. RESULTS: Acceptability of most modules was rated as high by both patients and therapists. In addition, the manual was considered to be well feasible in inpatient daily routine. However, contact terminations frequently occurred when switching to outpatient treatment. CONCLUSION: Results from our study point to a high acceptance of the manual for the accompaniment of qualified detoxification and motivation treatment in patients with methamphetamine dependence. Feasibility in the clinical setting can be improved by reducing the number of modules to the 12 best evaluated and by increasing the frequency of therapies.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Metanfetamina , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/rehabilitación , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/rehabilitación , Europa (Continente) , Estudios de Factibilidad , Alemania , Humanos , Motivación , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Proyectos Piloto , Traducción
4.
Syst Biol ; 69(1): 91-109, 2020 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127939

RESUMEN

Disentangling phylogenetic relationships proves challenging for groups that have evolved recently, especially if there is ongoing reticulation. Although they are in most cases immediately isolated from diploid relatives, sets of sibling allopolyploids often hybridize with each other, thereby increasing the complexity of an already challenging situation. Dactylorhiza (Orchidaceae: Orchidinae) is a genus much affected by allopolyploid speciation and reticulate phylogenetic relationships. Here, we use genetic variation at tens of thousands of genomic positions to unravel the convoluted evolutionary history of Dactylorhiza. We first investigate circumscription and relationships of diploid species in the genus using coalescent and maximum likelihood methods, and then group 16 allotetraploids by maximum affiliation to their putative parental diploids, implementing a method based on genotype likelihoods. The direction of hybrid crosses is inferred for each allotetraploid using information from maternally inherited plastid RADseq loci. Starting from age estimates of parental taxa, the relative ages of these allotetraploid entities are inferred by quantifying their genetic similarity to the diploids and numbers of private alleles compared with sibling allotetraploids. Whereas northwestern Europe is dominated by young allotetraploids of postglacial origins, comparatively older allotetraploids are distributed further south, where climatic conditions remained relatively stable during the Pleistocene glaciations. Our bioinformatics approach should prove effective for the study of other naturally occurring, nonmodel, polyploid plant complexes.


Asunto(s)
Orchidaceae/clasificación , Orchidaceae/genética , Filogenia , Diploidia , Europa (Continente) , Tetraploidía
5.
J Environ Manage ; 254: 109792, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731030

RESUMEN

Windfelled Norway spruce (Picea abies) trees play a crucial role in triggering large-scale outbreaks of the European spruce bark beetle Ips typographus. Outbreak management therefore strives to remove windfelled trees to reduce the risk of outbreaks, a measure referred to as sanitation logging (SL). Although this practice has been traditionally applied, its efficiency in preventing outbreaks remains poorly understood. We used the landscape simulation model iLand to investigate the effects of different spatial configurations and intensities of SL of windfelled trees on the subsequent disturbance by bark beetles. We studied differences between SL applied evenly across the landscape, focused on the vicinity of roads (scenario of limited logging resources) and concentrated in a contiguous block (scenario of spatially diversified management objectives). We focused on a 16 050 ha forest landscape in Central Europe. The removal of >80% of all windfelled trees is required to substantially reduce bark beetle disturbances. Focusing SL on the vicinity of roads created a "fire break effect" on bark beetle spread, and was moderately efficient in reducing landscape-scale bark beetle disturbance. Block treatments substantially reduced outbreaks in treated areas. Leaving parts of the landscape untreated (e.g., conservation areas) had no significant amplifying effect on outbreaks in managed areas. Climate change increased bark beetle disturbances and reduced the effect of SL. Our results suggest that past outbreak management methods will not be sufficient to counteract climate-mediated increases in bark beetle disturbance.


Asunto(s)
Escarabajos , Árboles , Animales , Europa (Continente) , Bosques , Noruega , Corteza de la Planta
6.
J Environ Manage ; 254: 109832, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733480

RESUMEN

The chemical evolution of brines resulting from an inactive phosphogypsum pond derived of fertilizer industry located in Huelva (Spain, SW Europe) has been studied based on a weekly sampling from 2014 to 2017. Long-range time variation of metals and ions concentrations in brines are expected to depend on environmental parameters such as rainfall and evaporation. The results show that brines are enriched in F- (1.7-2.0 g/l), Cl- (13-24 g/l), SO42- (7.2-9.3 g/l), V (70-128 mg/l) and U (55-98 mg/l). A great variation of chemical concentrations has been found, due to dilution, recharge and evaporation processes. Most of the elements show peak concentrations in summer, coinciding with the lowest pH values (<1), high conductivity (>133 mS/cm), and high evaporation rates as expected. Nonetheless, F- shows an opposite behaviour, varying its concentrations between 0.9 g/l in summer and 3.7 g/l in the rainy season. According to the results, a future restoration plan for PG ponds should include the removal of brines and layered salts during summer in order to avoid the annual generation of brines and their impact on the environment.


Asunto(s)
Estanques , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Sulfato de Calcio , Europa (Continente) , Fósforo , Sales (Química) , España
7.
Ambio ; 49(1): 85-97, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055795

RESUMEN

Retention forestry implies that biological legacies like dead and living trees are deliberately selected and retained beyond harvesting cycles to benefit biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. This model has been applied for several decades in even-aged, clearcutting (CC) systems but less so in uneven-aged, continuous-cover forestry (CCF). We provide an overview of retention in CCF in temperate regions of Europe, currently largely focused on habitat trees and dead wood. The relevance of current meta-analyses and many other studies on retention in CC is limited since they emphasize larger patches in open surroundings. Therefore, we reflect here on the ecological foundations and socio-economic frameworks of retention approaches in CCF, and highlight several areas with development potential for the future. Conclusions from this perspective paper, based on both research and current practice on several continents, although highlighting Europe, are also relevant to other temperate regions of the world using continuous-cover forest management approaches.


Asunto(s)
Ecosistema , Agricultura Forestal , Biodiversidad , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Europa (Continente) , Bosques , Árboles
8.
Ambio ; 49(1): 231-244, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201614

RESUMEN

A variety of rewilding initiatives are being implemented across Europe, generally characterized by a more functionalist approach to nature management compared to the classic compositional approach. To address the increasing need for a framework to support implementation of rewilding in practical management, we present TRAAIL-Trophic Rewilding Advancement in Anthropogenically Impacted Landscapes. TRAAIL has been co-produced with managers and other stakeholders and provides managers with a framework to categorize rewilding initiatives and to link conventional nature management and rewilding by guiding steps towards a higher degree of self-regulation. Applying TRAAIL to data obtained in a Danish survey of rewilding-inspired initiatives we find that out of 44 initiatives there is no "Full rewilding" initiatives, 3 "Near-full rewilding" initiatives, 23 "Partial rewilding" initiatives, 2 "minimal rewilding" initiatives and 16 "Effort-intensive conservation management" initiatives. This study shows how TRAAIL can guide and inform trophic rewilding on a local and national scale.


Asunto(s)
Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Ecosistema , Biodiversidad , Europa (Continente)
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134138, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505345

RESUMEN

Plague synchronously swept across separated regions in Europe throughout history. However, the spatio-temporal synchrony of plague and its driving mechanism have not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we transformed the historical European plague database spanned 1347-1800 CE into country-level time-series that differentiated large-scale plague outbreak from counted data. We found that there are 74 years in which two or more countries in our study region (UK, France, Germany, Spain, and Italy) experienced large-scale plague outbreak in the same year. Our Multivariate Ripley's K-function results showed that the onset year and the cessation year of large-scale plague outbreak are synchronized at the 0-23-year and 0-20-year windows, respectively. The temporal association between such synchrony and climatic forcing was further investigated using the Superposed Epoch Analysis, and drought was found to be responsible for the synchrony. Integrating our results with a literature survey, we suggested that prior to the peak of plague, the occurrence of drought and the subsequent reintroduced rainfall dampened both the rodent community and human society and boosted the number of fleas that carried plague. Such a synthesis facilitated the outbreak of plague. At the same time, high temperature associated with such drought also confined the geographic diffusion of the plague. Hence, although continental mega-drought could initiate the synchrony of plague outbreak, the synchrony actually consisted of a number of localized plague outbreak events scattering across different regions in Europe. According to the projected rising trend of drought in terms of its magnitude, duration, and geographic extent, the risk of synchrony of rodent-borne diseases in Europe will be significantly elevated, especially in France, Italy, and Spain.


Asunto(s)
Brotes de Enfermedades/historia , Sequías , Peste/epidemiología , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología , Historia del Siglo XV , Historia del Siglo XVI , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia Medieval , Humanos
10.
Anaesthesia ; 75(1): 45-53, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520421

RESUMEN

Traumatic brain injury patients frequently undergo tracheal intubation. We aimed to assess current intubation practice in Europe and identify variation in practice. We analysed data from patients with traumatic brain injury included in the prospective cohort study collaborative European neurotrauma effectiveness research in traumatic brain injury (CENTER-TBI) in 45 centres in 16 European countries. We included patients who were transported to hospital by emergency medical services. We used mixed-effects multinomial regression to quantify the effects on pre-hospital or in-hospital tracheal intubation of the following: patient characteristics; injury characteristics; centre; and trauma system characteristics. A total of 3843 patients were included. Of these, 1322 (34%) had their tracheas intubated; 839 (22%) pre-hospital and 483 (13%) in-hospital. The fit of the model with only patient characteristics predicting intubation was good (Nagelkerke R2 64%). The probability of tracheal intubation increased with the following: younger age; lower pre-hospital or emergency department GCS; higher abbreviated injury scale scores (head and neck, thorax and chest, face or abdomen abbreviated injury score); and one or more unreactive pupils. The adjusted median odds ratio for intubation between two randomly chosen centres was 3.1 (95%CI 2.1-4.3) for pre-hospital intubation, and 2.7 (95%CI 1.9-3.5) for in-hospital intubation. Furthermore, the presence of an anaesthetist was independently associated with more pre-hospital intubation (OR 2.9, 95%CI 1.3-6.6), in contrast to the presence of ambulance personnel who are allowed to intubate (OR 0.5, 95%CI 0.3-0.8). In conclusion, patient and injury characteristics are key drivers of tracheal intubation. Between-centre differences were also substantial. Further studies are needed to improve the evidence base supporting recommendations for tracheal intubation.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Traumáticas del Encéfalo/terapia , Intubación Intratraqueal/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Europa (Continente) , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
12.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 343-353, 2020 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584698

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Herbs are rich in various beneficial bioactive compounds and they can be used for many different purposes. One of the most common is maceration of herbs in alcohol. Different substances respond differently to extraction in prepared solutions. It is very important to enhance the highest proportion of beneficial ingredients during the maceration process in a herbal liqueur. A comparative analysis of numerous different phenolic compounds from eight of the most frequently used herbs for making aperitifs in Europe was performed. RESULTS: In the comparison among all studied herbs, the highest phenolic content was found with Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) (14.61 mg g-1 ) and Mentha piperita (peppermint) (13.89 mg g-1 ), while the lowest content was found with Centaurium erythraea (common centaury) (3.96 mg g-1 ). Salvianolic acid isomers and caffeic acid derivatives were the greatest contributors to the total phenolic content in lemon balm, wormwood, peppermint, fennel and sage. These compounds contain more hydroxyl groups and they were better extracted at the beginning of the maceration process. Caraway and common centaury contain more flavonols (quercetin and kaempferol derivatives), with higher chemical stability and fewer hydroxyl groups in their structure. CONCLUSION: The compositions of eight herbal liqueurs were highly related to the presence of different herbal ingredients and their solubility in the extract over time. Most flavonol derivatives were extracted over a longer time and the two liqueurs (common centaury and caraway) therefore had the highest phenolic contents after 3 weeks of maceration. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Asunto(s)
Bebidas Alcohólicas/análisis , Extractos Vegetales/química , Plantas Medicinales/química , Artemisia/química , Carum/química , Centaurium/química , Europa (Continente) , Manipulación de Alimentos , Isomerismo , Mentha piperita/química , Fenoles/química
13.
Kardiologiia ; 59(10S): 13-21, 2019 Sep 11.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876458

RESUMEN

Actuality. The risk of death of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) after acute decompensation of heart failure (ADHF) is directly related to the quality of the treatment of CHF after discharge from the hospital. In order to achieve the maximum effect of therapy in patients with CHF, experts in Europe and the USA recommend the creation of centers of specialized medical care for patients with CHF. Objective: to determine the risks of general, cardiovascular mortality and death from ADHF in patients with CHF during two years of observation, depending on their adherence to observation in a specialized center for the treatment of chronic heart failure (center CHF). Materials and methods. The study consistently included 942 patients with CHF after ADHF. The adherence of patients to follow up in center CHF was analyzed and 4 groups were distinguished: group 1 (n = 313) included patients who were observed continuously for two years; group 2 (n = 382) included patients who, after discharge, had never been observed in the center CHF; group 3 (n = 197) consisted of patients who were monitored at center CHF during the first year and then discontinued, and group 4 (n = 49) united patients who, when included in the study, abandoned observation, but after a year began to be constantly observed during the second year center CHF. Results. Statistically significant differences in age were registered only between groups 1 and 2 (69.6+9.9 and 71.8+11 years, respectively, р1/2=0.006). The overall mortality over the 2 years of follow-up was significantly higher in group 2 (32.4%) versus group 1 (1.2%, OR=3.8, 95% CI 2.5-5.7; p1/2<0.001 ); compared with group 3 (9.1%, OR=4.8, 95% CI 2.8-8.1; p2/3<0.001) and group 4 (8,2%, OR = 5.4, 95% CI 1.9-15.3; p2/4=0.0005). Cardiovascular mortality (CVM) for 2 years of follow-up was significantly higher in group 2 versus group 1 (8.1% and 1.3% of cases, OR=6.8, 95% CI 2.4-19.5; p1/2<0.001), as well as in comparison with group 3 (CVM 3% for 2 years, OR=2.8, 95% CI 1.1-6.8; p2/3=0.02). CVM in group 4 (6.1%) was 5 times higher in comparison with group 1 (OR=5.0, 95% CI 1.1-23.2; p1/4=0.02). The risks of death from ADHF over the 2 years of follow-up were significantly higher in group 2 (16.4%) compared with all groups: with group 1 (6.4%) OR=2.9, 95% CI 1.7-4, 9, p1/2<0.001; with group 3 (5.1%) OR=3.7, 95% CI 1.8-7.3, p2/3<0.001; and with group 4 (2%) OR=9.5, 95% CI 1.3-69.7, p2/4= 0.008. The combined endpoint (CVM and death from ADHF in 2 years of follow-up) was also significantly higher in group 2 (24.5%) compared with all compared groups: group 1 (7.7%), OR=3.9, 95% CI 2.4-6.3, p1/2<0.001; group 3 (8.1%), OR=3.7, 95% CI 2.1-6.5, p2/3<0.001; and group 4 (8.2%), OR=3.7, 95% CI 1.3-10.4; p2/4=0.01. Conclusion. Surveillance of patients with CHF after an episode of ADHF in a specialized center CHF, both for a long time (two years) and partially during the first year of observation, reduces the risk of all-cause death, CVM and death from ADHF.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Enfermedad Crónica , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Pronóstico
14.
Wiad Lek ; 72(11 cz 1): 2145-2148, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860862

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: During last year's, Ukraine and other European countries are facing outbreaks of well-known and emergency infections. Particularly alarming is the increase in the incidence of measles, which may be the result of a sharp decline of immunization that leads to the accumulation of susceptible individuals in the population. The aim was to assess the incidence of measles and the vaccination coverage for measles during last 5 years among children of Sumy region of Ukraine and factors due to which it is unable to be reached the required level of MMR-vaccination.. RESULTS: Review: Statistical data shown the vaccination coverage rates was dangerously low in Sumy region of Ukraine last 5 years. It began to decrease starting from 2013 year. measles vaccination coverage in 2013 was below 50%, reaching a staggering minimum of ~ 30 % in 2014 and 20 % in 2015. According to our research (questioning), the targeted vaccination coverage for measles was unable to be reached due to several factors, such as the active refusal of parents to vaccinate their children or partly the lack of sufficient vaccine supplies. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: MMR-vaccination uptake in Sumy Region is still below World Health Organization target. In the period 2014-2016, the level of children immunization was critically low and the concept of herd immunity was lost. This is the main reason for the ongoing measles outbreak in 2018. It is of the utmost importance that all medical professionals, physicians, researchers, educators, and governments of Ukraine unite to combat the anti-vaccination movement.


Asunto(s)
Sarampión , Niño , Brotes de Enfermedades , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Sarampión/epidemiología , Vacuna Antisarampión , Ucrania , Vacunación
15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(12): 859-62, 2019 Dec 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867902

RESUMEN

Brain science is the "ultimate territory" for human beings to understand the nature. In the present paper, the authors introduce the current state of brain science research projects in the USA, European countries, Japan and China. In recent years, with the continuous innovations of technologies in brain imaging, biosensors, human-computer interaction and big data, the brain science has become an important frontier field with interdisciplinarity and a focus of science and technology strategies in various countries. As a scientific and technological resource with original advantages in China, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is abundant in knowledge of brain, almost covering all kinds of encephalopathy in modern medicine. At present, TCM is increasingly becoming an effective tool to conquer mental and nervous diseases. With the intersection and penetration of multi-disciplines, an increasing close association between the traditional theory of TCM about prevention and treatment of encephalopathy and modern basic biological research appears, and new ideas, new technologies and new achievements have constantly been coming out, particularly in the field of acupuncture medicine. In the present historical juncture when the development of science and technology in China is changing from the "follower" to the "parallel runner", even the "top runner" in some fields, the progress of brain science research in TCM will make enormous contributions to explore brain disease and exploit cutting-edge technologies of TCM, as well as accelerate the modernization of TCM.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Encefalopatías , Encéfalo , Encefalopatías/terapia , China , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Medicina China Tradicional
16.
Science ; 366(6466): 682-683, 2019 11 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699920
17.
Zootaxa ; 4691(1): zootaxa.4691.1.7, 2019 Oct 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719416

RESUMEN

Two species of Euthiconus Reitter were previously known to occur in the Palaearctic region, distributed in Europe (E. conicicollis (Fairmaire Laboulbène)) and in the Russian Far East (E. lustrificus Kurbatov). A description of the first Japanese species, Euthiconus nopporoensis sp. n., is given, based on specimens collected on Hokkaido. The new species shares with E. lustrificus unmodified male protrochanters and a similar shape of the pronotum; it differs in a bottle-shaped aedeagus, sparser setae on the pronotum, and a shorter antennomere III. Key morphological structures of all Palaearctic species of Euthiconus are illustrated, to facilitate identifications.


Asunto(s)
Escarabajos , Distribución Animal , Estructuras Animales , Animales , Tamaño Corporal , Europa (Continente) , Lejano Oriente , Japón , Masculino , Federación de Rusia
18.
Zootaxa ; 4686(3): zootaxa.4686.3.9, 2019 Oct 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719484

RESUMEN

A new genus and species of pygmy grasshopper (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) is described from Eocene Baltic amber. Danatettix hoffeinsorum gen. et sp. nov. is assigned to the subfamily Batrachideinae based on antennae with more than 19 antennomeres, sulcate mesofemora, and rectangular paranota. This species is readily distinguished from other batrachideines by a markedly produced vertex, pronotum with divergent internal and external lateral carinae, and highly setiferous female lateral basivalvular sclerite with scabrose integument. The morphology of Danatettix suggests placement within the here defined Tettigidea genus group (comprising Eutettigidea Hancock, 1914, Paurotarsus Hancock, 1900, and Tettigidea Scudder, 1862) and suggests that the latter had diverged from the new Scaria genus group (comprising Eotetrix Gorochov, 2012, Rehnidium Grant, 1956 and Scaria Bolívar, 1887) by the Early Eocene.


Asunto(s)
Escarabajos , Saltamontes , Ortópteros , Ámbar , Animales , Países Bálticos , Europa (Continente) , Femenino , Fósiles
19.
Zootaxa ; 4579(1): zootaxa.4579.1.1, 2019 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715705

RESUMEN

A large collection of mesoparasitic copepods from polychaete hosts collected in northern European waters was examined. The term mesoparasitic refers to highly transformed copepods where the adult female attaches by embedding part of its body in the host. Representatives of five known familes were found and a new family is established. A single new species, Bradophila minuta sp. nov., was described in the family Bradophilidae. It occurred exclusively on the flabelligerid Diplocirus glaucus (Malmgren, 1867). Two genera of the family Herpyllobiidae were represented: Herpyllobius Steenstrup Lütken, 1861 and Eurysilenium M. Sars, 1870. Herpyllobius arcticus Steenstrup Lütken, 1861 was found on at least five different polynoid hosts, two of which, Harmothoe fragilis Moore, 1910 and Antinoe sp., were new host records. A new species, H. cluthensis sp. nov. was described from Malmgrenia species in Scottish waters. The large species, Herpyllobius cordiformis Lützen, 1964, was collected in Arctic waters from Eunoe cf. oerstedi. It is the first report of this parasite in Europe. The common parasite H. polynoes (Krøyer, 1864) was found on six different polynoid hosts, three of which, Harmothoe bifera, Malmgreniella mcintoshi Tebble Chambers, 1982 and Eunoe ?barbata are new host records. Eurysilenium truncatum M. Sars, 1870 was collected from Eucranta villosa Malmgren, 1866, Eunone sp., and Gattyana cirrhosa (Pallas, 1766). The material from Eucranta villosa caught at 72.6ºN comprises both a new host record and is the most northerly report of this parasite. Specimens of Eurysilenium which differed from E. truncatum in a number of features were found on Harmothoe fragilis and H. impar (Johnston, 1839). A new family, the Pholoicolidae, is established to accommodate Pholicola chambersae gen. et sp. nov., parasitic on Pholoe pallida Chambers, 1985. The family Phyllodicolidae was represented by all three of its known species: Phyllodicola petiti (Delamare Deboutteville Laubier, 1960), Cyclorhiza eteonicola Heegaard, 1942 and C. megalova Gotto Leahy, 1988. The former was found on Eumida ockelmanni Eibye-Jacobsen, 1987, a new host record. A single ovigerous female of C. eteonicola was collected from a new host, Eteone spetsbergensis Malmgren, 1865. Cyclorhiza megalova was common on Eteone longa (Fabricius, 1780) and E. longa/flava complex. A rich diversity of members of the family Saccopsidae was found, including three known species of Melinnacheres M. Sars, 1870 plus nine new species placed in four new genera. Melinnacheres was represented by M. ergasiloides M. Sars, 1870, M. steenstrupi Bresciani Lützen, 1961 and M. terebellidis Levinsen, 1878. Melinnacheres ergasiloides was found on Melinna elizabethae McIntosh, 1914, M. steenstrupi on members of the Terebellides stroemi-complex and T. atlantis Williams, 1984, while M. terebellidis was found on the T. stroemi-complex and on T. shetlandica Parapar, Moreira O'Reilly, 2016. A new genus, Trichobranchicola gen. nov., was established to accommodate T. antennatus gen. et sp. nov., a parasite of Trichobranchus sikorskii Leontovich Jirkov in Jirkov, 2001, T. glacialis Malmgren, 1866 and Trichobranchus sp. The second new genus, Lanassicola gen. nov., was established to accommodate the type species, Lanassicola arcticus gen. et sp. nov. parasitic on Lanassa venusta (Malm, 1874), plus two additional species, L. bilobatus gen. et sp. nov. on Lanassa nordenskjoeldi Malmgren, 1866, and L. dorsilobatus gen. et sp. nov. on Proclea graffii (Langerhans, 1884). A new subfamily, Euchonicolinae, was established within the Saccopsidae to accommodate two new genera, Euchonicola gen. nov. and Euchonicoloides gen. nov. The type species of Euchonicola gen. nov. is E. caudatus gen. et sp. nov., a parasite of Euchone sp., and it includes two other species, E. linearis gen. et sp. nov. on Chone sp., and E. parvus gen. et sp. nov. on Euchone sp. The type species of Euchonicoloides gen. nov. is E. elongatus gen. et sp. nov. found on a host belonging to the genus Euchone, and it also includes Euchonicoloides halli gen. et sp. nov. from Jasmineira caudata Langerhans, 1880. Four species of the family Xenocoelomidae were found: Xenocoeloma alleni (Brumpt, 1897), X. brumpti Caullery Mesnil, 1915, X. orbicularis sp. nov. and Aphanodomus terebellae (Levinsen, 1878). Xenocoeloma alleni was found on four different species of Polycirrus and on Amaeana trilobata (M. Sars, 1863) and X. brumpti was found on Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912. Xenocoeloma orbicularis sp. nov. occurred only on Paramphitrite birulai (Ssolowiew, 1899). Aphanodomus terebellae was found on three hosts, only one of which, Leaena abranchiata was new.


Asunto(s)
Copépodos , Poliquetos , Animales , Europa (Continente) , Femenino , Océanos y Mares
20.
Zootaxa ; 4576(1): zootaxa.4576.1.2, 2019 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715773

RESUMEN

Eleven species of aquatic true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) are newly recorded for Cephalonia Island (Greece)-Gerromorpha: Hydrometra stagnorum (Linnaeus, 1758), Microvelia pygmaea (Dufour, 1833), Velia mariae Tamanini, 1971, Gerris argentatus Schummel, 1832, G. costae (Herrich-Schäffer, 1850), G. lacustris (Linnaeus, 1758); Nepomorpha: Corixa affinis Leach, 1817, Anisops crinitus Brooks, 1951, A. sardeus Herrich-Schäffer, 1849, Notonecta maculata Fabricius, 1794, Plea minutissima Leach, 1817-where only a few species have been recorded. The most notable records are: Anisops crinitus, which in Europe was known only from the island of Corfu (Greece) and Spain (until recently under the name A. marazanofi Poisson, 1966), and Velia mariae, whose distribution is still poorly known. Velia rivulorum (Fabricius, 1775), V. currens (Fabricius, 1794), and Anisops canariensis Nouahlier, 1893 (currently A. debilis canariensis), from old literature records, are excluded from the fauna of the Ionian Islands. Similarly, N. glauca glauca Linnaeus, 1758 is excluded from the fauna of Cephalonia and Corfu. The first record of Hydrometra gracilenta Horváth, 1899 from Corfu and for the Ionian Islands is provided. Microvelia pygmaea and Gerris maculatus Tamanini, 1946 are newly recorded for Lefkada Island. An annotated list of the Gerromorpha, Nepomorpha, and Leptopodomorpha of the Ionian Islands also is given.


Asunto(s)
Heterópteros , Animales , Europa (Continente) , Grecia , Islas , España
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