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1.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 189-198, May-Sep, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés, Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232714

RESUMEN

El suicidio se ha convertido en un problema social y de salud pública a nivel mundial. En este sentido, la Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) podría ser eficaz en su abordaje, existiendo evidencia sobre la relación entre algunos de sus componentes y la conducta suicida. Así, el presente estudio tuvo por objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática sobre la eficacia de ACT en conducta suicida. Para ello se siguió el protocolo PRISMA, empleando las siguientes bases de datos: PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus y PsicoDoc. Inicialmente se obtuvieron 108 publicaciones potencialmente relevantes, de las cuales, finalmente, 13 fueron incluidas en la revisión. La calidad de los estudios se analizó a través de un instrumento de evaluación de riesgo de sesgos. Como resultados, a nivel general se observaron disminuciones estadísticamente significativas en ideación suicida (IS) y factores de riesgo de suicidio. Además, algunos estudios señalaron relaciones estadísticamente significativas entre un aumento de flexibilidad psicológica y la disminución de IS. Si bien los datos apuntaron a una posible eficacia de ACT en la reducción de IS, es necesario llevar a cabo mayor número de estudios experimentales que contemplen la complejidad de la conducta suicida y exploren los procesos de cambio implicados.(AU)


Suicide has emerged as a pressing global issue affecting both so-ciety and public health.In this context, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) could prove effective in its approach, supported by evi-dence of the relationship between certain components of ACT and suicidal behavior. Thus, the present study aims to conduct a systematic review on the efficacy of ACT in suicidal behavior. For this, the PRISMA protocol was followed, using thefollowing databases: PsycInfo, PubMed, Scopus and PsicoDoc. Initially, 108 potentially relevant publicationswereobtained,13ofwhichwerefinallyincludedinthereview.Weanalyzedstudy qualityus-ingariskofbiasassessmentinstrument.Asaresult,statisticallysignificantdecreases in suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide risk factors were observed. In addition, some studies indicated statistically significant relationships be-tween increased psychological flexibility and decreasedSI.WhilethedatasuggestedthepotentialeffectivenessofACTinreducingsuicidal ideation (SI), more experimental studies are needed to consider the complexity of suicidal behavior and explore the processes of changeinvolved.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Ideación Suicida , Salud Mental , Psicología Clínica , Suicidio , Salud Pública , Factores de Riesgo
2.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 199-218, May-Sep, 2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Inglés, Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232715

RESUMEN

La comorbilidad es más la regla que la excepción en salud mental y, sobre todo, en el caso de la ansiedad y la depresión. Los modelos transdiagnósticos estudian los procesos subyacentes para mejorar el tratamiento y la comprensión de la salud mental. Objetivo: Esta revisión sistemática busca evidencias sobre los factores de riesgo transdiagnósticos para la ansiedad y la depresión en la población clínica diagnosticada de estas condiciones psicopatológicas, analizando los diferentes tipos o categorías de factores identificados. Método: Se registró una revisión sistemática en PROSPERO (número de registro CRD42022370327) y se diseñó de acuerdo con las guías PRISMA-P. La calidad del estudio fue evaluada por dos revisores independientes con conocimiento del campo para reducir el posible sesgo. Resultados: Cincuenta y tres artículos fueron examinados y las variables transdiagnósticas fueron agrupadas en tres categorías: psicológicas, biológicas y socioculturales. Conclusiones: La categoría más estudiada fue la de variables psicológicas, en especial los procesos cognitivos, afecto negativo y neuroticismo, intolerancia a la incertidumbre, sensibilidad a la ansiedad. Los factores biológicos y socioculturales requieren más estudio para sustentar su enfoque transdiagnóstico.(AU)


Comorbidity is more the rule than the exception in mental health, specifically in the case of anxiety and depression. Transdiagnostic models studied the underlying processes to improve mental health treat-ment and understating. Objective:This systematic review searchs for evi-dence on transdiagnostic risk factors for anxiety and depression in the clin-ical population diagnosed with these psychopathological conditions, by an-alysing the different types or categories of factors identified.Methods:A sys-tematic review was registered in PROSPERO (registration number CRD42022370327) and was designed according to PRISMA-P guidelines. Two independent reviewers with field knowledge assessed the study quality to reduce bias.Results: Fifty-three articles were examined, and the transdi-agnostic variables were grouped into three categories: psychological, bio-logical, and sociocultural.Conclusions:The most studied category was that of psychological variables, especially cognitive processes, negative affect, and neuroticism, intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety sensitivity. Biological and sociocultural factors require more study to support their transdiagnos-tic approach.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Salud Mental , Factores de Riesgo , Ansiedad , Depresión , Psicopatología , Trastornos Mentales
3.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 58(2): 1-13, abril-junio 2024. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232119

RESUMEN

El objetivo de la presente revisión sistemática consistió en determinar el efecto de la comunicación en el ámbito sanitario sobre la kinesiofobia. Para ello, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en siete bases de datos entre noviembre de 2022 y febrero de 2023. La revisión se efectuó acorde a la declaración Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) y para el análisis de la calidad metodológica se utilizaron: la escala Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), los criterios de Van Tulder y el análisis del riesgo de sesgo de la Colaboración Cochrane. Se incluyeron un total de 13 artículos que presentaron una calidad metodológica media de 7,1 sobre 10. Se obtuvieron resultados significativos para al menos una variable (kinesiofobia, discapacidad o nivel de actividad física) en 12 trabajos. Existe evidencia sólida de que la comunicación puede influir sobre la kinesiofobia del sujeto. Es más probable que esta influencia ocurra en un sentido negativo o discapacitante, pero también puede actuar en sentido positivo disminuyendo la misma. (AU)


The aim of the present systematic review was to determine the effect of communication in the health care setting on kinesiophobia. To this end, a literature search was conducted in seven databases between November 2022 and February 2023. The review was carried out following the PRISMA statement and for the analysis of methodological quality we used: PEDro Scale, Van Tulder criteria and risk of bias analysis of the Cochrane Collaboration. A total of 13 articles were included with a mean methodological quality of 7.1 out of 10. Significant results were obtained for at least one variable (kinesiophobia, disability or level of physical activity) in 12 articles. There is strong evidence that communication can influence a subject's kinesiophobia. This influence is most likely to be in a negative or disabling sense, but it can also act in a positive sense by decreasing it. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Información de Salud al Consumidor , Efecto Placebo , Efecto Nocebo , Conducta Sedentaria , Factores de Riesgo
4.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 104-117, abr.-jun2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232396

RESUMEN

La hipertensión arterial (HTA) se ha convertido en un factor de riesgo central para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares (CV), lo que subraya la importancia de su diagnóstico preciso. Numerosos estudios han establecido una estrecha relación entre los valores elevados de la presión arterial sistólica (PAS) y diastólica (PAD) y un incremento en el riesgo de padecer algún evento cardiovascular (ECV). Tradicionalmente, las mediciones de la presión arterial (PA) realizadas en entornos clínicos han sido el principal método para diagnosticar y evaluar la HTA. No obstante, en los últimos años, se ha reconocido que las mediciones de la PA obtenidas fuera del ambiente clínico, mediante la automedida de la presión arterial (AMPA) y la monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial (MAPA), ofrecen una perspectiva más realista de la vida cotidiana de los pacientes y, por lo tanto, brindan resultados más fiables. Dada la evolución de los dispositivos médicos, los criterios diagnósticos y la creciente relevancia de componentes de la MAPA en la predicción de ECV, se requiere una actualización integral que sea práctica para la clínica. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo proporcionar una actualización de la MAPA, enfocándose en su importancia en la evaluación de la HTA. Además, se analizarán los umbrales diagnósticos, los distintos fenotipos según el ciclo circadiano y las recomendaciones en diferentes poblaciones, asimismo, se ofrecerán sugerencias concretas para la implementación efectiva de la MAPA en la práctica clínica, lo que permitirá a los profesionales de la salud tomar decisiones fundamentadas y mejorar la atención de sus pacientes.(AU)


Hypertension has become a central risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease, underscoring the importance of its accurate diagnosis. Numerous studies have established a close relationship between elevated systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure and an increased risk of cardiovascular event (CVE). Traditionally, blood pressure (BP) measurements performed in clinical settings have been the main method for diagnosing and assessing hypertension. However, in recent years, it has been recognized that BP measurements obtained outside the clinical setting, using self-monitoring blood pressure (SMBP) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), offer a more realistic perspective of patients’ daily lives and therefore provide more reliable results. Given the evolution of medical devices, diagnostic criteria, and the increasing relevance of certain components of ABPM in the prediction of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, a comprehensive update that is practical for daily clinical practice is required. The main objective of this article is to provide an updated review of ABPM, focusing on its importance in the evaluation of hypertension and its impact on public health in Colombia. In addition, it will discuss the implications of changes in diagnostic thresholds and provide concrete recommendations for the effective implementation of ABPM in clinical practice, allowing health professionals to make informed decisions and improve the care of their patients.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Presión Arterial , Monitoreo Ambulatorio de la Presión Arterial , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Factores de Riesgo , Presión Sanguínea
5.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 58(1): 2347297, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695238

RESUMEN

Objectives. Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia in patients with ischemic heart disease. This study aimed to determine the cumulative incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting surgery during 30 days of follow-up. Design. This was a prospective multi-center cohort study on atrial fibrillation incidence following percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting for stable angina or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. Heart rhythm was monitored for 30 days postoperatively by in-hospital telemetry and handheld thumb ECG recordings after discharge were performed. The primary endpoint was the cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation 30 days after the index procedure. Results. In-hospital atrial fibrillation occurred in 60/123 (49%) coronary artery bypass graft and 0/123 percutaneous coronary intervention patients (p < .001). The cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation after 30 days was 56% (69/123) of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and 2% (3/123) of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (p < .001). CABG was a strong predictor for atrial fibrillation compared to PCI (OR 80.2, 95% CI 18.1-354.9, p < .001). Thromboembolic stroke occurred in-hospital in one coronary artery bypass graft patient unrelated to atrial fibrillation, and at 30 days in two additional patients, one in each group. There was no mortality. Conclusion. New-onset atrial fibrillation during 30 days of follow-up was rare after percutaneous coronary intervention but common after coronary artery bypass grafting. A prolonged uninterrupted heart rhythm monitoring strategy identified additional patients in both groups with new-onset atrial fibrillation after discharge.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial , Puente de Arteria Coronaria , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Humanos , Fibrilación Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilación Atrial/epidemiología , Fibrilación Atrial/fisiopatología , Fibrilación Atrial/etiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Masculino , Incidencia , Femenino , Puente de Arteria Coronaria/efectos adversos , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/terapia , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Angina Estable/diagnóstico , Angina Estable/fisiopatología , Angina Estable/epidemiología , Angina Estable/cirugía , Angina Estable/terapia , Medición de Riesgo , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/terapia , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/cirugía , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/epidemiología , Telemetría
7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(4): e20230644, 2024.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695475

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: No-reflow (NR) is characterized by an acute reduction in coronary flow that is not accompanied by coronary spasm, thrombosis, or dissection. Inflammatory prognostic index (IPI) is a novel marker that was reported to have a prognostic role in cancer patients and is calculated by neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) multiplied by C-reactive protein/albumin ratio. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between IPI and NR in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). METHODS: A total of 1541 patients were enrolled in this study (178 with NR and 1363 with reflow). Lasso panelized shrinkage was used for variable selection. A nomogram was created based on IPI for detecting the risk of NR development. Internal validation with Bootstrap resampling was used for model reproducibility. A two-sided p-value <0.05 was accepted as a significance level for statistical analyses. RESULTS: IPI was higher in patients with NR than in patients with reflow. IPI was non-linearly associated with NR. IPI had a higher discriminative ability than the systemic immune-inflammation index, NLR, and CRP/albumin ratio. Adding IPI to the baseline multivariable logistic regression model improved the discrimination and net-clinical benefit effect of the model for detecting NR patients, and IPI was the most prominent variable in the full model. A nomogram was created based on IPI to predict the risk of NR. Bootstrap internal validation of nomogram showed a good calibration and discrimination ability. CONCLUSION: This is the first study that shows the association of IPI with NR in STEMI patients who undergo pPCI.


FUNDAMENTO: O no-reflow (NR) é caracterizado por uma redução aguda no fluxo coronário que não é acompanhada por espasmo coronário, trombose ou dissecção. O índice prognóstico inflamatório (IPI) é um novo marcador que foi relatado como tendo um papel prognóstico em pacientes com câncer e é calculado pela razão neutrófilos/linfócitos (NLR) multiplicada pela razão proteína C reativa/albumina. OBJETIVO: Nosso objetivo foi investigar a relação entre IPI e NR em pacientes com infarto do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCSST) submetidos a intervenção coronária percutânea primária (ICPp). MÉTODOS: Um total de 1.541 pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo (178 com NR e 1.363 com refluxo). A regressão penalizada LASSO (Least Absolute Shrinkage and Select Operator) foi usada para seleção de variáveis. Foi criado um nomograma baseado no IPI para detecção do risco de desenvolvimento de NR. A validação interna com reamostragem Bootstrap foi utilizada para reprodutibilidade do modelo. Um valor de p bilateral <0,05 foi aceito como nível de significância para análises estatísticas. RESULTADOS: O IPI foi maior em pacientes com NR do que em pacientes com refluxo. O IPI esteve associado de forma não linear com a NR. O IPI apresentou maior capacidade discriminativa do que o índice de imunoinflamação sistêmica, NLR e relação PCR/albumina. A adição do IPI ao modelo de regressão logística multivariável de base melhorou a discriminação e o efeito do benefício clínico líquido do modelo para detecção de pacientes com NR, e o IPI foi a variável mais proeminente no modelo completo. Foi criado um nomograma baseado no IPI para prever o risco de NR. A validação interna do nomograma Bootstrap mostrou uma boa capacidade de calibração e discriminação. CONCLUSÃO: Este é o primeiro estudo que mostra a associação de IPI com NR em pacientes com IAMCSST submetidos a ICPp.


Asunto(s)
Proteína C-Reactiva , Linfocitos , Neutrófilos , Fenómeno de no Reflujo , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST , Humanos , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/sangre , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/cirugía , Masculino , Femenino , Fenómeno de no Reflujo/sangre , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proteína C-Reactiva/análisis , Anciano , Pronóstico , Biomarcadores/sangre , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Inflamación/sangre , Factores de Riesgo , Nomogramas , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Recuento de Linfocitos , Valores de Referencia
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(4): e20230544, 2024.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695471

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Ablation Index (AI) software has allowed better atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation results, but recurrence rates remain significant. Specific serum biomarkers have been associated with this recurrence. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether certain biomarkers could be used (either individually or combined) to predict arrhythmia recurrence after AI-guided AF ablation. METHODS: Prospective multicenter observational study of consecutive patients referred for AF ablation from January 2018 to March 2021. Hemoglobin, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), C-reactive protein, high sensitivity cardiac troponin I, creatinine clearance, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) were assessed for their ability to predict arrhythmia recurrence during follow-up. Statistical significance was accepted for p values of<0.05. RESULTS: A total of 593 patients were included - 412 patients with paroxysmal AF and 181 with persistent AF. After a mean follow-up of 24±6 months, overall single-procedure freedom from atrial arrhythmia was 76.4%. Individually, all biomarkers had no or only modest predictive power for recurrence. However, a TSH value >1.8 µUI/mL (HR=1.82 [95% CI, 1.89-2.80], p=0.006) was an independent predictor of arrhythmia recurrence. When assessing TSH, FT4 and BNP values in combination, each additional "abnormal" biomarker value was associated with a lower freedom from arrhythmia recurrence (87.1 % for no biomarker vs. 83.5% for one vs. 75.1% for two vs. 43.3% for three biomarkers, p<0.001). Patients with three "abnormal" biomarkers had a threefold higher risk of AF recurrence compared with no "abnormal" biomarker (HR=2.88 [95% CI, 1.39-5.17], p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: When used in combination, abnormal TSH, FT4 and BNP values can be a useful tool for predicting arrhythmia recurrence after AI-guided AF ablation.


FUNDAMENTO: O software ablation index (AI) permitiu melhorar os resultados da ablação de fibrilação atrial (FA), mas as taxas de recorrência permanecem significativas. Biomarcadores séricos específicos têm sido associados a essa recorrência. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar se certos biomarcadores podem ser utilizados (individualmente ou combinados) para predizer a recorrência de FA pós ablação guiada pelo AI. MÉTODOS: Estudo multicêntrico, observacional, prospectivo de pacientes consecutivos, encaminhados para ablação de FA de janeiro de 2018 a março de 2021. Hemoglobina, peptídeo natriurético cerebral (BNP), proteína C reativa, troponina I ultrassensível, clearance de creatinina, Hormônio Tireoestimulante (TSH), e Tiroxina livre (T4) foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de prever a recorrência de arritmias durante o acompanhamento. Valores de p <0,05 foram aceitos como estatisticamente significativos. RESULTADOS: Um total de 593 pacientes foram incluídos ­ 412 com FA paroxística e 181 com FA persistente. Durante o seguimento médio de 24±6 meses, 76,4% não apresentaram recidiva após ablação. Individualmente, os biomarcadores demonstraram um valor preditivo baixo ou nulo para recorrência. No entanto, TSH >1,8 µUI/mL [HR=1,82 (IC95%, 1,89-2,80), p=0,006] foi um preditor independente de recorrência. Avaliando-se a combinação de TSH, FT4 e BNP, a adição de cada valor "anormal" foi associada a uma menor sobrevida livre de recorrência (87,1% se nenhum vs. 83,5% se um vs. 75,1% se dois vs. 43,3% se três biomarcadores, p<0,001). Doentes com três biomarcadores "anormais" apresentaram três vezes maior probabilidade de recorrência de FA, comparativamente aos que não apresentaram nenhum biomarcador "anormal" (HR=2,88 [IC95%, 1,39-5,17], p=0,003). CONCLUSÕES: Quando combinados, valores anormais de TSH, FT4 e BNP podem ser uma ferramenta útil para prever a recorrência de FA pós ablação guiada pelo AI.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial , Biomarcadores , Ablación por Catéter , Recurrencia , Tirotropina , Humanos , Fibrilación Atrial/cirugía , Fibrilación Atrial/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Prospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ablación por Catéter/métodos , Anciano , Tirotropina/sangre , Péptido Natriurético Encefálico/sangre , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Proteína C-Reactiva/análisis , Resultado del Tratamiento , Tiroxina/sangre , Factores de Riesgo , Troponina I/sangre
9.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1340673, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706548

RESUMEN

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health emergency in many countries, including Kazakhstan. Despite the decline in the incidence rate and having one of the highest treatment effectiveness in the world, the incidence rate of TB remains high in Kazakhstan. Social and environmental factors along with host genetics contribute to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) incidence. Due to the high incidence rate of TB in Kazakhstan, our research aimed to study the epidemiology and genetics of PTB in Kazakhstan. Materials and methods: 1,555 participants were recruited to the case-control study. The epidemiology data was taken during an interview. Polymorphisms of selected genes were determined by real-time PCR using pre-designed TaqMan probes. Results: Epidemiological risk factors like diabetes (χ2 = 57.71, p < 0.001), unemployment (χ2 = 81.1, p < 0.001), and underweight-ranged BMI (<18.49, χ2 = 206.39, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with PTB. VDR FokI (rs2228570) and VDR BsmI (rs1544410) polymorphisms were associated with an increased risk of PTB. A/A genotype of the TLR8 gene (rs3764880) showed a significant association with an increased risk of PTB in Asians and Asian males. The G allele of the rs2278589 polymorphism of the MARCO gene increases PTB susceptibility in Asians and Asian females. VDR BsmI (rs1544410) polymorphism was significantly associated with PTB in Asian females. A significant association between VDR ApaI polymorphism and PTB susceptibility in the Caucasian population of Kazakhstan was found. Conclusion: This is the first study that evaluated the epidemiology and genetics of PTB in Kazakhstan on a relatively large cohort. Social and environmental risk factors play a crucial role in TB incidence in Kazakhstan. Underweight BMI (<18.49 kg/m2), diabetes, and unemployment showed a statistically significant association with PTB in our study group. FokI (rs2228570) and BsmI (rs1544410) polymorphisms of the VDR gene can be used as possible biomarkers of PTB in Asian males. rs2278589 polymorphism of the MARCO gene may act as a potential biomarker of PTB in Kazakhs. BsmI polymorphism of the VDR gene and rs2278589 polymorphism of the MARCO gene can be used as possible biomarkers of PTB risk in Asian females as well as VDR ApaI polymorphism in Caucasians.


Asunto(s)
Receptores de Calcitriol , Tuberculosis Pulmonar , Humanos , Kazajstán/epidemiología , Masculino , Femenino , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/genética , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/epidemiología , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Factores de Riesgo , Persona de Mediana Edad , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Incidencia , Genotipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple
10.
J Prev Alzheimers Dis ; 11(3): 582-588, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706274

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Long sedentary time and physical inactivity are negatively related to cognition, but the cut-off value remains unclear, and apolipoprotein E polymorphism ε4 (APOE ε4) is a known genetic risk factor of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). OBJECTIVES: To explore longitudinal association of sedentary time and MCI, and to identify a cutoff value that increases the risk of developing MCI, taking into account APOE ε4 stratification and its interactions. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: We included 4932 older adults from Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition (TENC) cohort study recruited from March 2018 to June 2021 with 3.11 years of median follow-up time. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was newly diagnosed MCI, which was diagnosed by a modified version of the Petersen's criteria. The information of sedentary time (hours/day) and physical activity (MET-h/week) were obtained by questionnaire. Cox proportional hazard regression models and restricted spline curve were conducted. RESULTS: A total of 4932 participants were included (mean [SD] age, 67.85 [4.96] years; 2627 female [53.3%] and 2305 male [46.7%]), 740 newly onset MCI patients were identified. Longer sedentary time was associated with higher risk of MCI for all participants (HR:1.069, 95%CI: 1.034, 1.105), especially in APOE ε4 non-carriers (HR:1.083, 95%CI: 1.045, 1.123) whether adjusted potential confounders. Sedentary time had synergistic interactions with APOE ε4 (ß:1.503, 95%CI: 1.163, 1.942) and physical activities (ß: 1.495, 95%CI: 1.210, 1.846). Restricted spline curve showed a cut-off value of 3.03 hours/day. CONCLUSIONS: Long sedentary time (≥3.03 hours/day) could increase MCI risk, especially in APOE ε4 non-carriers, people with higher PA, aged 65 and above.


Asunto(s)
Apolipoproteína E4 , Disfunción Cognitiva , Conducta Sedentaria , Humanos , Disfunción Cognitiva/genética , Disfunción Cognitiva/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Estudios Prospectivos , Anciano , Factores de Riesgo , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ejercicio Físico , China/epidemiología
11.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 66(1): e1-e7, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708746

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND:  Stillbirths are a global public health challenge, predominantly affecting low- and middle-income countries. The causes of most stillbirths are preventable. OBJECTIVES:  this study reviewed perinatal clinical audit data from Kgapane Hospital over a 4-year period with a special focus on the factors associated with stillbirths. METHODS:  File audits were done for all stillbirths occurring at Kgapane Hospital and its catchment area from 2018 to 2021. The data from these audits were analysed to identify factors associated with stillbirths. RESULTS:  A total of 392 stillbirths occurred during the study period at Kgapane Hospital and its surrounding clinics, resulting in a stillborn rate of 19.06/1000 births. Of the 392 stillbirths recorded, audits were conducted on 354 of the maternal case records. The five most common causes of stillbirths identified were: hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) (29.7%), intrauterine growth restriction without HDP (11.6%), birth asphyxia (7.1%), premature labour ( 1000 g) (6.5%) and maternal infections (5.9%) including HIV with unsuppressed VL, intrauterine infection, coronavirus disease (COVID) and syphilis. Modifiable factors that can form the basis of improvement strategies should include training, timeous referral, plus improved resources and staffing. CONCLUSION:  Understanding the causes of stillbirths can guide improvement strategies to reduce this heart-breaking complication of pregnancy.Contribution: Family physicians working in rural hospitals are also responsible for perinatal care. Understanding the factors associated with stillbirths will guide them to develop improvement strategies to reduce these preventable deaths.


Asunto(s)
Mortinato , Humanos , Mortinato/epidemiología , Femenino , Embarazo , Sudáfrica/epidemiología , Adulto , Recién Nacido , Retardo del Crecimiento Fetal/epidemiología , Hipertensión Inducida en el Embarazo/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , COVID-19/epidemiología , Complicaciones del Embarazo/epidemiología
12.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 68: e230026, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709150

RESUMEN

Muscle weakness has been associated to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in the general population. However, it is still unclear whether this association is maintained in older adults. This study investigated correlations between low handgrip strength (HGS) and metabolic syndrome, or some of its components, in older adults through a systematic review of the literature. Searches were conducted in the Virtual Health Library Regional Portal, Scopus, Cochrane, Embase, MEDLINE/ PubMed, SciELO, and Web of Science databases for relevant studiesinvestigating muscle weakness (measured by hand dynamometer) and metabolic syndrome or its components in older adult populations, published up to September 2023. From the 2050 references initially identified, 20 studies, comprising a total of 31,264 older adults of both genders, completely met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Eighteen studies showed that lower HGS was associated with metabolic syndrome or some of its risk factors, such as abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, or high blood pressure. Two studies found that older men with high blood pressure had increased HGS. Most studies included in this systematic review revealed a significant correlation between reduced HGS and metabolic syndrome or some of its components, especially abdominal obesity and insulin resistance. We conclude that below-average HGS can be associated with metabolic syndrome in older adults.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza de la Mano , Síndrome Metabólico , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólico/fisiopatología , Fuerza de la Mano/fisiología , Anciano , Masculino , Femenino , Debilidad Muscular/fisiopatología , Factores de Riesgo , Resistencia a la Insulina/fisiología
13.
J Int Med Res ; 52(5): 3000605241252115, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713460

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of the serum lipid profile for initial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) resistance and coronary artery lesions (CALs) in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled patients with KD and divided them into IVIG-responsive and IVIG-resistant groups. They were also stratified based on the presence of CALs (CALs and non-CALs groups). Clinical, echocardiographic and biochemical values were evaluated. A subgroup analysis was performed on complete and incomplete KD. Predictors of initial IVIG resistance and CALs were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 649 KD patients were enrolled: 151 had CALs and 76 had initial IVIG resistance. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was significantly lower in the IVIG-resistant group than in the IVIG-responsive group. LDL-C and apolipoprotein (Apo) B were significantly lower in the CALs group compared with the non-CALs group. Multivariate logistic regression failed to identify the serum lipid profile (LDL-C, Apo A or Apo B) as an independent risk factor for initial IVIG resistance or CALs in KD patients. CONCLUSION: KD patients might have dyslipidaemia in the acute phase, but the serum lipid profile might not be suitable as a single predictor for initial IVIG resistance or CALs.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Inmunoglobulinas Intravenosas , Síndrome Mucocutáneo Linfonodular , Humanos , Síndrome Mucocutáneo Linfonodular/sangre , Síndrome Mucocutáneo Linfonodular/tratamiento farmacológico , Síndrome Mucocutáneo Linfonodular/complicaciones , Síndrome Mucocutáneo Linfonodular/diagnóstico , Inmunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapéutico , Masculino , Femenino , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/sangre , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/inmunología , Preescolar , Estudios Retrospectivos , Lactante , LDL-Colesterol/sangre , Resistencia a Medicamentos , Lípidos/sangre , Niño , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Vasos Coronarios/patología , Factores de Riesgo , Apolipoproteínas B/sangre , Pronóstico
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77(1): e20220816, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716904

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to assess risk factors for excess fluid volume in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: a retrospective case-control study was conducted. A total of 392 patients (196 cases and 196 controls) from two hemodialysis centers were included. Sociodemographic data and 23 risk factors for excess fluid volume were assessed using a data collection form. Data were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: the insufficient knowledge (OR=2.06), excessive fluid intake (OR=2.33), inadequate fluid removal during hemodialysis (OR=2.62) and excessive sodium intake (OR=1.91) risk factors may increase the chance of occurrence of excess fluid volume in hemodialysis patients by approximately two times. Education level (OR=0.95) and age (OR=0.97) are protective factors for excessive fluid volume. CONCLUSIONS: knowing these risk factors may help nurses with accurate and rapid diagnostic inference of the risk of excessive fluid volume.


Asunto(s)
Diálisis Renal , Humanos , Diálisis Renal/métodos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Anciano , Adulto , Modelos Logísticos
15.
Cancer Control ; 31: 10732748241251712, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716644

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Esophageal cancer was the eighth and sixth leading cause of morbidity of all cancers in the world, and the 15th and 12th in Ethiopia, respectively. There is a lack of comprehensive data regarding Ethiopia's esophageal cancer hotspot, treatment outcome clustering, and other factors. OBJECTIVE: This scoping review was designed to understand the extent and type of existing evidence regarding spatiotemporal distribution, time to treatment outcome clustering, and determinants of esophageal cancer in Ethiopia up to March 28, 2023. METHODS: Three-step search strategies were employed for the scoping review from March 15 to 28, 2023. Targeted databases included PubMed/Medline, PubMed Central (PMC), Google Scholar, Hinari, and Cochrane for published studies and different websites for unpublished studies for evidence synthesis. Data were extracted using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) manual format. RESULTS: Our final analysis comprised 17 (16 quantitative and 1 qualitative) studies. Three studies attempted to depict the country's temporal distribution, whereas 12 studies showed the spatial distribution of esophageal cancer by proportion. The regional state of Oromia recorded a high percentage of cases. Numerous risk factors linked to the tumor have been identified in 8 investigations. Similarly, 5 studies went into detail regarding the likelihood of survival and the factors that contribute to malignancy, while 2 studies covered the results of disease-related treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The substantial body of data that underpins this finding supports the fact that esophageal cancer has several risk factors and that its prevalence varies greatly across the country and among regions. Surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy helped the patient live longer. However, no research has investigated which treatment is best for boosting patient survival and survival clustering. Therefore, research with robust models for regional distribution, clustering of time to treatment outcomes, and drivers of esophageal cancer will be needed.


The review was based on 17 studies searched from five electronic databases, and six additional sources. Esophageal cancer incidence varies across the nation (from region to region). The median survival time of esophageal cancer cases were four months, and six months. No study investigated the better treatment that improved the survival of patients with esophageal cancer. A contradicting report were found about the link b/n khat chewing and esophageal cancer. The temporal distribution of the tumor was controversial.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiología , Humanos , Etiopía/epidemiología , Tiempo de Tratamiento/estadística & datos numéricos , Análisis Espacio-Temporal , Factores de Riesgo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Análisis por Conglomerados
16.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77(1): e20220809, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716903

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of multimorbidity in elderly people and its association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, and anthropometry. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using data from the National Health Survey, 2019. A total of 22,728 elderly individuals from all 27 Brazilian states were randomly selected. Poisson regression models with robust variance were employed, and a significance level of 5% was adopted. RESULTS: The prevalence of multimorbidity was 51.6% (95% CI: 50.4-52.7), with the highest estimates observed in the South and Southeast. Multimorbidity was associated with being female (aPR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.27-1.39), being 80 years old or older (aPR = 1.12; 95% CI: 1.05-1.19), having low education (aPR = 1.16; 95% CI: 1.07-1.25), past cigarette use (aPR = 1.16; 95% CI: 1.11-1.21), insufficient physical activity (aPR = 1.13; 95% CI: 1.06-1.21), and screen use for 3 hours or more per day (aPR = 1.13; 95% CI: 1.08-1.18). CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity affects more than half of the elderly population in Brazil and is associated with social, demographic, and behavioral factors.


Asunto(s)
Multimorbilidad , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Transversales , Anciano , Multimorbilidad/tendencias , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Prevalencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Socioeconómicos , Pueblos Sudamericanos
17.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 70(4): e2023075, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716931

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: History, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, troponin risk score and troponin level follow-up are used to safely discharge low-risk patients with suspected non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome from the emergency department for a 1-month period. We aimed to comprehensively investigate the 6-month mortality of patients with the history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, troponin risk score. METHODS: A total of 949 non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome patients admitted to the emergency department from 01.01.2019 to 01.10.2019 were included in this retrospective study. History, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, troponin scores of all patients were calculated by two emergency clinicians and a cardiologist. We compared the 6-month mortality of the groups. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 67.9 (56.4-79) years; 57.3% were male and 42.7% were female. Six-month mortality was significantly lower in the high-risk history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, troponin score group than in the low- and moderate-risk groups: 11/80 (12.1%), 58/206 (22%), and 150/444 (25.3%), respectively (p=0.019). CONCLUSION: Patients with high history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, troponin risk scores are generally treated with coronary angioplasty as soon as possible. We found that the mortality rate of this group of patients was lower in the long term compared with others. Efforts are also needed to reduce the mortality of moderate and low-risk patients. Further studies are needed on the factors affecting the 6-month mortality of moderate and low-risk acute coronary syndrome patients.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Coronario Agudo , Electrocardiografía , Troponina , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Anciano , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/mortalidad , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/sangre , Factores de Riesgo , Troponina/sangre , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Factores de Edad , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Tiempo , Biomarcadores/sangre , Anamnesis
18.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 70(4): e20231203, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716941

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Congenital glaucoma is a disease that involves increased intraocular pressure and can result in irreversible visual deterioration. The study of epidemiology allows the delineation of the characteristics associated with patients and specific risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine epidemiological trends, place of residence, duration of gestation, sex, and race of the newborn diagnosed with congenital glaucoma in Brazil. METHODS: Data from SINASC (National Live Birth System) were used to analyze the period from 2017 to 2021 in Brazil. Linear regression and analysis of variance tests were employed to assess significance. The statistical significance was determined by p<0.05. RESULTS: A total of 47 cases of congenital glaucoma were identified in Brazil during the study period, with the highest incidence between the years of 2018 and 2021. The analysis of the distribution indicated that the states with the highest incidence were São Paulo, followed by Rio Grande do Sul and Pernambuco. Approximately 60% of cases occurred in male individuals, compared with 19 female cases. The ethnic analysis showed the highest incidence among whites and mixed. Regarding the length of pregnancy, statistical differences were observed between newborns of different periods of gestation. Infants born from pregnancies lasting between 28 and 31 weeks and 32 and 36 weeks were significant when analyzed with the group between 37 and 41 weeks. CONCLUSION: Studies on the mechanisms of congenital glaucoma seek to improve knowledge about the disease. Epidemiological evaluation is essential for identifying demographic and clinical patterns of the disease.


Asunto(s)
Glaucoma , Humanos , Brasil/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Recién Nacido , Incidencia , Glaucoma/epidemiología , Glaucoma/congénito , Factores de Riesgo , Embarazo , Edad Gestacional , Distribución por Sexo
19.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 70(4): e20230998, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716936

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The use of cardiac implantable electronic devices has increased in recent years. It has also brought some issues. Among these, the complications of cardiac implantable electronic devices infection and pocket hematoma are difficult to manage. It can be fatal with the contribution of patient-related risk factors. In this study, we aimed to find mortality rates in patients who developed cardiac implantable electronic devices infection and pocket hematoma over 5 years. We also investigated the risk factors affecting mortality in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices. METHODS: A total of 288 cardiac implantable electronic devices patients were evaluated. Demographic details, history, and clinical data of all patients were recorded. Cardiac implantable electronic devices infection was defined according to the modified Duke criteria. The national registry was used to ascertain the mortality status of the patients. The patients were divided into two groups (exitus and survival groups). In addition, the pocket hematoma was defined as significant bleeding at the pocket site after cardiac implantable electronic devices placement. RESULTS: The cardiac implantable electronic devices infection was similar in both groups (p=0.919), and the pocket hematoma was higher in the exitus group (p=0.019). The exitus group had higher usage of P2Y12 inhibitors (p≤0.001) and novel oral anticoagulants (p=0.031). The Cox regression analysis, including mortality-related factors, revealed that renal failure is the most significant risk factor for mortality. Renal failure was linked to a 2.78-fold higher risk of death. CONCLUSION: No correlation was observed between cardiac implantable electronic devices infection and mortality, whereas pocket hematoma was associated with mortality. Furthermore, renal failure was the cause of the highest mortality rate in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices.


Asunto(s)
Desfibriladores Implantables , Hematoma , Marcapaso Artificial , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Desfibriladores Implantables/efectos adversos , Factores de Riesgo , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Marcapaso Artificial/efectos adversos , Hematoma/etiología , Hematoma/mortalidad , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/mortalidad , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Tiempo , Anciano de 80 o más Años
20.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 70(4): e20231359, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716945

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between uterine leiomyoma and fragmented QRS, a non-invasive indicator of cardiovascular risk and myocardial ischemia, in women with uterine leiomyoma. METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, a total of 47 patients diagnosed with uterine leiomyoma (case group) and 47 healthy individuals without uterine leiomyoma (control group) who had undergone bilateral tubal ligation surgery were included. Various demographic, clinical, and laboratory parameters and the presence of fragmented QRS were recorded. RESULTS: The leiomyoma group showed significantly higher body mass index (27.46±2.18 vs. 25.9±2.87 kg/m2, p=0.005) and waist circumference (91.34±9.30 vs. 84.97±9.3 cm, p=0.001) compared with the control group. Uterine volumes were also significantly higher in the leiomyoma group (235.75±323.48 vs. 53.24±12.81 mm3, p<0.001). The presence of fragmented QRS was detected in 18.1% of the patients. Multiple regression analysis identified age, fasting blood glucose value, and the presence of fragmented QRS as independent risk factors for the presence of leiomyoma. CONCLUSION: This study provides valuable insights into the relationship between uterine leiomyoma and fragmented QRS. The presence of fragmented QRS was identified as an independent risk factor for the presence of leiomyoma. Further research is needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms connecting uterine leiomyoma and cardiovascular health.


Asunto(s)
Electrocardiografía , Leiomioma , Neoplasias Uterinas , Humanos , Femenino , Leiomioma/fisiopatología , Leiomioma/complicaciones , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Adulto , Neoplasias Uterinas/fisiopatología , Neoplasias Uterinas/complicaciones , Persona de Mediana Edad , Índice de Masa Corporal , Factores de Riesgo , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatología
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