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1.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(2): 317-336, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés, Croata | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535765

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Many nursing and midwifery schools in many countries around the world awarded or still award graduation badges or pins to their graduates. All graduates from different parts of the former Kingdom of Yugoslavia and later the Republic of Yugoslavia educated in Slovenian healthcare schools received badges from these schools. Some of the graduates later employed in medical institutions across former Yugoslavia wore these badges on their uniforms. The main purpose of this historical research was to establish which Slovenian health care schools awarded the graduation badges and what they looked like. It was also investigated why the badges ceased to be awarded and what motivated Angela Boskin Faculty of Health Care in Jesenice to reintroduce awarding the badges. METHODS: Due to a lack of written sources, we conducted 393 face to face and telephonic interviews with former badge recipients across Slovenia. Their existing badges were photographed. On the authors' initiative, a private collection of badges was started. RESULTS: It has been established that in the 20th century all Slovenian secondary health schools awarded badges. The Nursing College, Ljubljana also awarded graduation badges. Five different types of badges in many variants were issued. The first badges were awarded to graduates by Slovenian oldest Nursing School, Ljubljana in 1925. The badges ceased to be awarded in the late 1970s and the early 1980s. Some questions about probable reasons for cessation of awarding badges remain unanswered. Less than a fifth of interviewees kept their badges. Graduating nursing badges were reintroduced in Slovenia in 2017 with a new badge which is presented and depicted in this article. The motivation for the reintroduction of graduating badges is also investigated. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Unfortunately, many Slovenian nurses and midwives are not sufficiently aware of the meaning and importance of their badges. Although badges are important for professional image and identity of nurses, badges as a symbol of nursing have become almost completely forgotten. Graduation badges are miniature works of art and are proof of the existence and development of Slovenian healthcare schools. Nursing badges present a part of nursing history as well as being our cultural heritage. The badges deserve to be written and talked about and should be displayed in a planned future Slovenian Health Care Museum.


Asunto(s)
Partería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Distinciones y Premios , Historia del Siglo XX , Partería/educación , Eslovenia , Yugoslavia
2.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 19(1)mar. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Inglés, Español, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1120925

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Analisar o processo de criação da Escola de Enfermagem do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (EEERJ), atual Escola de Enfermagem Aurora de Afonso Costa (EEAAC/UFF). MÉTODO: Estudo histórico de abordagem qualitativa. Fontes: relatórios, atas, legislações, notícias de jornais dos acervos da EEAAC/UFF, da Escola de Enfermagem Anna Nery/UFRJ e da Casa de Oswaldo Cruz/Fiocruz. Análise por triangulação das fontes. RESULTADOS: Criada em 19/04/1944 e inaugurada em 01/02/1945, foram estratégias de criação: escolha de Niterói; estruturação equivalente à Escola Oficial Padrão, nomeação de uma ex-aluna e ex-professora desta como diretora; autoridades nas cerimônias oficiais. DISCUSSÃO: A insuficiência de profissionais, a qualidade do ensino, a disciplina rigorosa e a influência política de Alzira Vargas concorreram para implantação em curtíssimo tempo e aproveitamento de ganhos simbólicos. CONCLUSÃO: Sua criação contribuiu ao reconhecimento profissional e social advindos da participação em um projeto que colaboraria para o desenvolvimento do país.


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the creation process of the Rio de Janeiro State Nursing School (Escola de Enfermagem do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, EEERJ), currently the Aurora de Afonso Costa Nursing School (Escola de Enfermagem Aurora de Afonso Costa, EEAAC/UFF). METHOD: A historical study with a qualitative approach. Sources: reports, minutes, legislation, news from newspapers of the collections of the EEAAC/UFF, of the Anna Nery Nursing School/UFRJ, and of the Casa de Oswaldo Cruz/Fiocruz. Triangulation analysis of the sources. RESULTS: Created on 04/19/1944 and inaugurated on 02/01/1945, the creation strategies were the following: choosing the city of Niterói; structuring equivalent to the Official Standard School, appointment of a former student and former professor as principal; authorities at official ceremonies. DISCUSSION: The insufficiency of professionals; the quality of teaching; the strict discipline and political influence of Alzira Vargas contributed to the implementation in a very short time and to take advantage of symbolic gains. CONCLUSION: Its creation contributed to the professional and social recognition arising from the participation in a project that would collaborate for the development of the country.


OBJETIVO: Analizar el proceso de creación de la Escuela de Enfermería del Estado de Rio de Janeiro (EEERJ), actual Escuela de Enfermería Aurora de Afonso Costa (EEAAC/UFF). MÉTODO: Estudio histórico con enfoque cualitativo. Fuentes: informes, actas, legislación, noticias de periódicos de las colecciones de la EEAAC/UFF, la Escuela de Enfermería Anna Nery/UFRJ y la Casa de Oswaldo Cruz/Fiocruz. Análisis de triangulación de fuentes. RESULTADOS: Creada el 19/04/1944 e inaugurada el 01/02/1945, fueron estrategias de creación: elección de Niterói; estructuración equivalente a la Escuela Oficial Estándar (en portugués, Escola Oficial Padrão), nombramiento de una exalumna y exmaestra como directora; autoridades en ceremonias oficiales. DISCUSIÓN: La insuficiencia de profesionales; la calidad de la enseñanza; la disciplina estricta e influencia política de Alzira Vargas contribuyeron a la implementación en tiempo muy corto y al aprovechamiento de las ganancias simbólicas. CONCLUSIÓN: Su creación contribuyó al reconocimiento profesional y social derivado de la participación en un proyecto que colaboraría para el desarrollo del país.


Asunto(s)
Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Educación en Enfermería/historia , Enfermería , Historia de la Enfermería
3.
Cult. cuid ; 23(57): 200-209, 2020.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-195913

RESUMEN

La constitución y puesta en marcha del Grupo de Investigación desde el Colegio de Enfermería de Cádiz, ha supuesto un impulso significativo para el estudio de la historia de la institución colegial. Partimos de un importante fondo documental (actas, expedientes y otros documentos) del archivo colegial, al que se añaden fuentes archivísticas de orígenes diferentes. El método heurístico del grupo ha permitido la construcción histórica de gran parte de la evolución de la institución colegial gaditano, desde que se constituyera por primera vez como Colegio Provincial de Practicantes, el día 8 de diciembre de 1899. Esta fecha ha supuesto un reto, ya que los trabajos previos a nuestra investigación presentaban fechas inexactas, lo que supone una de las primeras evidencias de los resultados obtenidos. Tras un proceso extenso de investigaciones y resultados, llegamos al último trabajo, materializado en una exposición permanente de la historia de la Enfermería Gaditana, ubicada en la sede del Colegio de Enfermería de Cádiz, y que es inaugurada con motivo de la celebración del 120 aniversario de la fundación del Colegio de Practicantes de Cádiz, como precursor de la actual organización colegial de Enfermería


The constitution and start-up of the Research Group from the Nursing College of Cádiz, has meant a significant boost for the study of the history of the college. We start from an important documentary archive (minutes, files and other documents) of the collegiate archive, to which archival sources of different origins are added. The group's heuristic method has allowed the historical construction of a large part of the evolution of the Cadiz collegiate institution, since it was first constituted as the Provincial College of Practitioners, on December 8, 1899. This date has been a challenge, since the works prior to our investigation presented inaccurate dates, which is one of the first evidences of the results obtained. After an extensive process of research and results, we come to the last work, materialized in a permanent exhibition on the history of Nursing in Gaditana, located at the headquarters of the College of Nursing in Cádiz, and which is inaugurated on the occasion of the 120th anniversary celebration. of the foundation of the College of Practitioners of Cádiz, as a precursor of the current college organization of Nursing


A constituição e o início do Grupo de Pesquisa da Escola de Enfermagem de Cádiz significou um impulso significativo para o estudo da história da faculdade. Começamos com um importante arquivo documental (atas, arquivos e outros documentos) do arquivo colegiado, ao qual são adicionadas fontes de arquivo de diferentes origens. O método heurístico do grupo permitiu a construção histórica de grande parte da evolução da instituição colegiada de Cádiz, desde que foi constituída pela primeira vez como Colégio Provincial de Praticantes, em 8 de dezembro de 1899. Esta data foi um desafio, já que os trabalhos anteriores à nossa investigação apresentaram datas imprecisas, o que é uma das primeiras evidências dos resultados obtidos. Após um extenso processo de pesquisa e resultados, chegamos ao último trabalho, materializado em uma exposição permanente sobre a história da Enfermagem em Gaditana, localizada na sede da Faculdade de Enfermagem de Cádiz, e inaugurada por ocasião da comemoração do 120º aniversário. da fundação do Colégio de Profissionais de Cádiz, como precursor da atual organização universitária de Enfermagem


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Historia de la Enfermería , Exposiciones como Asunto , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , España
4.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(4): 621-625, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607827

RESUMEN

This article illustrates the value and impact of collaboration among scholars, archivists, and librarians working across universities and government institutions, and how changes in medium-from a born-physical photograph and printed postcard to a digital reproduction to a simultaneously born-digital and printed book-create new possibilities for scholarly analysis, interpretation, and dissemination, which in turn suggest future directions for research and engagement across fields of inquiry. In doing so, this article argues that history matters by illuminating past networks that, through humanistic inquiry, continue to connect people, ideas, and institutions in the present and into the future.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería/historia , Humanidades/historia , Personal de Enfermería/historia , Fotograbar/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Illinois , Comunicación Interdisciplinaria
5.
Nurs Outlook ; 67(3): 232-243, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826008

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Maintaining a productive research enterprise within a college of nursing is multifaceted and complex. It is especially challenging when a college's mission transitions to address other priorities, and later attempts to re-emerge in the competitive funding environment and re-establish a productive research portfolio. PURPOSE: To describe how a college is rebuilding the research enterprise to meet the established research mission after a decade of marginal research productivity. STRATEGIES: Targeted multi-level strategies at the university, college, and individual levels are being implemented to enhance the research infrastructure and faculty capacity to increase research productivity. IMPACT: In the past five years, compared to the previous five years, annual faculty publications have doubled, annual extramural funding per tenure track faculty increased by 72%, and the College's average extramural sponsored award funding per year increased 118%. National Institutes for Research rankings moved from no ranking (2013) to top 31 (2017). DISCUSSION: Early results are positive and efforts to maintain and further grow the research enterprise will require sustained effort to meet ongoing challenges.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/historia , Investigación Biomédica/organización & administración , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/organización & administración , Universidades/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , South Carolina
6.
Rech Soins Infirm ; (139): 49-63, 2019 12.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372617

RESUMEN

The history of nursing also encompasses the history of nurses' professional knowledge, the conditions of its production, and the use of it in both the health system and the city. In what appears to be an undeniable process of development and affirmation of this occupational group due to the emergence of these skills, the creation of the International School of Advanced Nursing Education (École internationale d'enseignement infirmier supérieur ; EIEIS) in Lyon in 1965 represented a major turning point for French nurses, despite it only training a small number of them. This article aims to examine, starting from the roots of this professionalization movement at the end of the nineteenth century, what this unique school brought to them collectively until its closure in 1995. By entering university for the first time, this occupational group, which had until then been under the yoke of different powers (administrative, medical, and religious), became emancipated by learning to be autonomous and even disobedient. Largely open to the world, this school also laid the foundations for a reflection on the possibility of nursing becoming an academic discipline in France, despite its work remaining incomplete due to its closure as a result of a lack of resources needed to continue its activity.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Francia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(4): 1296-1304, jul.-ago. 2018.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1103707

RESUMEN

El presente trabajo forma parte de una investigación histórica a la que se le aplicó un corte descriptivo. En un primer momento se abordaron diferentes hechos de la historia de la enfermería en Matanzas, desde 1850 hasta la primera mitad del siglo xx. La información se recolectó en el Archivo Histórico de la ciudad, la biblioteca Gener y del Monte, el Centro de Documentación, el Museo Palacio de Junco, en entrevistas a enfermeras e historiadores, desde septiembre del 2015 hasta abril del 2016. Ello nos permitió obtener información relacionada con la fundación de los Hospitales en Matanzas y las actividades de Enfermería que en ellos se desarrollaban. Se hizo una búsqueda de la presencia de las religiosas en los hospitales, fundamentalmente de Matanzas y los términos municipales principales; entre ellas se encontraban las Hermanas de la Caridad, las que desarrollaron actividades de enfermería en hogares de ancianos, hospitales y en visitas preventivas, y más tarde las Siervas de María. Se constató el surgimiento de la enfermería profesional en Cuba, a partir de la intervención estadounidense. En Matanzas, se crea la primera Escuela de Enfermeras en 1900. En la primera década del siglo xx, fungieron como superintendentes las estadounidenses Miss Eugenie Habbard en 1900 y Miss Mary McCLloud, en 1902. Se ofrecen algunos datos preliminares, ya que se trata de una investigación histórica que tiene el objetivo de dejar constancia del interesante legado histórico en Matanzas desde 1850 hasta nuestros días (AU).


The current work is a part of a descriptive historic research. Several facts of the history of nursing in Matanzas were dealt with in a first moment, from 1850 until de first half on the 20th century. The information was collected in the Historical Record Office of the province, the library "Gener y del Monte", the Documentation Centre, and the Museum Palacio de Junco, in interviews to nurses and historians, from September 2015 to April 2016. It allowed us to obtain information on the foundation of the hospitals in Matanzas and the nursing activities developed in them. A search was made in regard to the presence of nuns in the hospitals, mainly in Matanzas and the most important municipalities; among them were found the Sisters of Charity, who performed their nursing activities in old people's nursing homes, hospitals and preventive visits, and later the Servants of Mary. It was stated the begining of the professional nursing in Cuba from the times of the USA intervention. In Matanzas, the School of Nurses was created in 1900. In the first decade of the 20th century Miss Eugenie Habbard acted as supervisor in 1900 and Miss Mary McCloud in 1902. We offer several preliminary data because this is a historical research having as an objective leaving some token of the interesting historical legacy of nursing in Matanzas from 1850 to the present days (AU).


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Enfermería/métodos , Historia de la Enfermería , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/normas , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Hospitales Provinciales/historia , Atención de Enfermería/normas
8.
J R Coll Physicians Edinb ; 48(1): 78-84, 2018 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29741534

RESUMEN

The Deaconess Hospital, Edinburgh, opened in 1894 and was the first establishment of its kind in the UK, maintained and wholly funded as it was by the Reformed Church. Through its 96-year lifetime it changed and evolved to time and circumstance. It was a school: for the training of nurses and deaconesses who took their practical skills all over the world. It was a sanctum: for the sick-poor before the NHS. It was a subsidiary: for the bigger hospitals of Edinburgh after amalgamation into the NHS. It was a specialised centre: as the Urology Department in Edinburgh and the Scottish Lithotripter centre. And now it is currently student accommodation. There is no single source to account for its history. Through the use of original material made available by the Lothian Health Services Archives - including Church of Scotland publications, patient records, a doctor's casebook and annual reports - we review its conception, purpose, development and running; its fate on joining the NHS, its identity in the latter years and finally its closure.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales Religiosos/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Hospitales Religiosos/organización & administración , Hospitales de Enseñanza/historia , Hospitales de Enseñanza/organización & administración , Misioneros/educación , Misioneros/historia , Escocia , Medicina Estatal/historia
11.
Nurs Adm Q ; 42(1): 35-42, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29194331

RESUMEN

A legacy project was launched in 2016 to research, capture, and record the history and voice of Kaiser Foundation School of Nursing alumni. The inspirational stories of these early nursing pioneers emerged within a disruptive and innovative health care system known as Kaiser Permanente. Led by a doctorally prepared nurse director, the new school boldly rejected the dominant social norms of the 1940s by welcoming minorities and offering an unprecedented curriculum that prioritized prevention, health promotion, and wellness over conventional institutionalized sick care models. Kaiser Foundation School of Nursing alumni became Kaiser Permanente's earliest nurse leaders, educators, and care advocates. They helped revolutionize the key concepts of integrated patient care. As early innovators, many graduates pursued advanced degrees and were instrumental in defining expanded nursing roles, including the introduction of nurse practitioners in California. How Kaiser Foundation School of Nursing transcended the traditions and cultural norms of the day offers a reflective narrative on the enduring leadership attributes of disruptive innovation and the nurse executive's role in reimagining care for future generations.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Educación en Enfermería/tendencias , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos
12.
Nurse Educ Today ; 61: 134-139, 2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29197688

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: College of nursing leaders can foster organizational learning as a means of achieving their desired organizational outcomes. Organizational learning has not previously been studied in colleges of nursing, leaving college administrators and faculty little guidance as they strive to improve outcomes in their own colleges. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to discover new insights related to organizational learning in a college of nursing. DESIGN: The learning history method was used to document and describe organizational learning in a college of nursing. SETTING: This study was conducted with a college of nursing situated in a private, religious-based university in the western United States. PARTICIPANTS: Six stakeholders and 16 individuals familiar with the college's history were purposively recruited for this study. Participants included college administrators, faculty, students, alumni, and individuals with university-level responsibilities related to the college. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and college artifacts were used to gather data. Data was reviewed and themes identified through a process called "distillation." FINDINGS: The college's vision, "Learning the Healer's Art" provides purpose and motivation within the college. Four themes provide additional insight into how the college established a learning culture and fosters behavior conducive to organizational learning: (1) Character and Quality, (2) Long-Term Perspective, (3) Collaborative Leadership and Adaptation, and (4) Mentoring. CONCLUSION: College of nursing leaders can foster organizational learning and pursue improvement within their colleges. Recommended actions include developing a shared vision for the college, building a cadre of qualified faculty and students who have strong personal character, maintaining a long-term perspective, using a collaborative approach to leadership and adaptation, and facilitating mentoring.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje , Objetivos Organizacionales , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Educación en Enfermería , Docentes , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Liderazgo , Masculino , Mentores , Mejoramiento de la Calidad , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Estados Unidos
13.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2018. 187 p. tab, ilus.
Tesis en Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-915931

RESUMEN

Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar a trajetória histórica da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, tendo como foco a sua federalização. O marco inicial (1950) corresponde ao ano da anexação da Escola de Enfermagem Carlos Chagas à Faculdade de Medicina, federalizada como unidade acadêmica da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais por meio da Lei Federal 775/1949. O marco final (2004) foi escolhido por ser um ano de mudanças expressivas, como a aprovação do Doutorado e a criação do curso de Nutrição. Partiu-se do pressuposto que a Escola de Enfermagem assume um processo de crescente laicização e que a oferta desses dois cursos é o fechamento de um ciclo que solidifica a ideia da Escola como unidade acadêmica autônoma de uma universidade federal que possui potencialidades para formação de pesquisadores, integrando diversas áreas do saber em um mesmo lócus de produção de conhecimento científico. Optou-se pelo método históricodocumental com uso de fontes escritas e produção de documentação oral referente ao período de 1968-2004. A análise foi feita apoiada em Eliot Freidson (1996), por entendermos que ao estudar a institucionalização da Escola Carlos Chagas/Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, desvelou-se o processo de autonomização da Escola e os caminhos da profissionalização da enfermagem em Minas Gerais. Os dezoito primeiros anos da Escola de Enfermagem na estrutura da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais têm como marcos o processo de anexação da Escola e a posterior desanexação da Faculdade de Medicina no bojo da Reforma Universitária (1968). Este período é marcado por uma gestão de enfermeiras irmãs de caridade e subordinação administrativa e financeira à Faculdade de Medicina, além da falta de assento das enfermeiras Carlos Chagas no Conselho Universitário. Apesar de ser um desejo expresso na fala das enfermeiras laicas professoras da Escola Carlos Chagas romper com a subordinação à Faculdade de Medicina, esta quebra só foi possível com a Reforma de 1968. A partir de 1967, a Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais é reassumida pelas laicas, porém as décadas de 1970 e 1980, marcadas pela ditadura militar e pelo processo de redemocratização política do país, desvelam o aprendizado das enfermeiras em fazer gestão acadêmica universitária. Os cursos de especialização e articulações extensionistas voltados para o assistencial marcaram as iniciativas desse período. Em 1993, conseguiu-se a aprovação do curso de mestrado empreendido por professoras que romperam com o perfil extensionista e assistencial, que buscaram qualificação fora da Escola. O doutorado e o curso de Nutrição, iniciados em 2004, permitiram integrar a Escola de Enfermagem aos ideais de uma universidade federal, produzindo pesquisas, qualificando o corpo docente da instituição, expandindo o espaço físico e as possibilidades de interfaces entre os saberes na saúde e o diálogo da Escola com o sistema de saúde. A percepção de necessidade de crescimento da Escola foi amplamente influenciada pela sua integração com redes de fomento, programas e projetos como Fundação Kellogg; Programa de Desenvolvimento da Enfermagem; Projeto de Profissionalização dos Trabalhadores da Área de Enfermagem; Projetos Integração Docente Assistencial, UNI e REDE UNIDA. Concluiu-se que a enfermagem é um caso de sucesso na perspectiva de investimento do Estado em saúde pública e que a Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais incorporou status profissional e se reconfigurou à medida em que assumiu a laicização, firmando-se como referência na formação de recursos humanos para a enfermagem, delineando os rumos da profissionalização em enfermagem no estado de Minas Gerais com repercussão nos cenários da enfermagem brasileira e da América Latina e no Sistema Único de Saúde.(AU)


This research was intended to analyze the historical trajectory of the School of Nursing of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, focusing on its federalization. The initial milestone (1950) corresponds to the year of the attachment of School of Nursing of the Federal University of Minas Gerais to the Faculty of Medicine, federalized as an academic unit of the Federal University of Minas Gerais through Federal Law 775/1949. The final milestone (2004) was selected due to the fact of being a year of significant changes, such as the approval of the Doctoral degree and the establishment of the Nutrition undergraduate course. Starting from the assumption that the School of Nursing takes on a process of growing secularisation and that the provision both of these courses is seen as the closing of a cycle that consolidates the idea of the School as an autonomous academic unit of a Federal University that has strengths in the training of researchers and that integrates several areas of knowledge in the same locus of production of scientific knowledge. The chosen method was the historical-documentary with the use of written and oral sources. The analysis was supported on Eliot Freidson (1996), as understood that during the study of the School Carlos Chagas / School of Nursing of the Federal University of Minas Gerais, a process of independence of the School was unveiled and the paths of the professionalization of nursing in the Minas Gerais. The School of Nursing's eighteen first years inside the Federal University of Minas Gerais structure has the milestones the School annexation process and the later disengagement from the Faculty of Medicine during the University Reform (1968). This phase is marked by a management of sister nurses of charity and administrative and financial subordination to Faculty of Medicine, besides the lack of chair in the University Council. Although it was an express desire from the lay nurses teachers of Carlos Chagas School to break up from the Faculty of Medicine subordination, the break up was possible only with the 1968 Reform. From 1967, School of Nursing of the Federal University of Minas Gerais is reassumed by the lay nurses, but the decades of 1970 and 1980, marked by the military dictatorship and the process of political re-democratization of the country, unveil the nurses' learning in the field of university management. Accordingly, the specialization courses and extensionist joints directed to the health care marked the initiatives of this period. In 1993, teachers who broke with the extensionist and care-centered profile managed to approve the masters' degree course, who sought qualification beyond the borders of School of Nursing of the Federal University of Minas Gerais. The doctoral degree and the Nutrition undergraduate course, started in 2004, enabled the School to integrate the ideals of a federal university, thus producing researches, qualifying the teaching staff of the institution, expanding physical space and the interface possibilities between the health knowledge and the School's dialogue with the healthcare system. The perception of the need for expanding the School was significantly influenced by its integration with research promotion networks such as the Kellogg Foundation; the Nursing Development Program; the Project of Professionalization of Nursing Workers; Assistance Teacher Integration, UNI and REDE UNIDA projects. The conclusion is that the nursing is a success case in the perspective of State investment in public healthcare and that the School of Nursing of the Federal University of Minas Gerais incorporated professional status and has been reconfiguring itself as long the laicinization was embraced, securing as reference in the human resources formation for nursing, outlining the nursing professionalization trends in the Minas Gerais state, reverberating the scenarios of Brazilian nursing and Latin America and the Unified Health System.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Historia de la Enfermería , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tesis Académica , Federalismo , Educación de Postgrado en Enfermería
14.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 67(12): 1889-1894, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29256536

RESUMEN

Nurses are primary care providers and are responsible for caring of patients. Since centuries, the nursing profession has been known as a profession only for females. Therefore, the history of nurses in early ages only states the role of the female, although males at that time also took part in patient-care along with females. The aim of this paper is to provide detailed review of national and international literature available related to male nursing students, and their experiences in the nursing profession.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeros , Facultades de Enfermería , Competencia Cultural , Historia del Siglo XV , Historia del Siglo XVI , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Historia Antigua , Historia Medieval , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermeros/historia , Enfermeros/organización & administración , Pakistán , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/organización & administración , Estereotipo
15.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 15(1): 109-138, 2017 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28767265

RESUMEN

Midwifery in Dalmatia was highly undeveloped at the beginning of the XIX century. The health report from 1813 suggested that there were only 48 midwives in the whole province, and none of them with a degree from the midwifery school. After abolishing the Central Schools ("Ecoles Centrales"), which were founded at the time of French reign, and which had the university range, the professors who stayed in Zadar continued their work and teaching in the Midwifery School, which was founded in 1820 according to the decision made by Emperor Franz I, and started working in 1821. Since the school was working continuously for the whole century, a lot of professors and principals passed through. Protomedicus of Dalmatia officially performed the duty of principals of the Midwifery School. Their life and work biographies were gathered in this paper. Although the newcomers were mostly illiterate, very contemporary and valuable textbooks were used at that time. The professors of this school wrote some of these textbooks. This paper analyses those textbooks from the current medical science and praxis point of view, which points out to its significance and contribution of its authors to the reputation that the School enjoyed at that time.


Asunto(s)
Partería/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Libros de Texto como Asunto/historia , Croacia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI
16.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 37(spe): e69074, 2017 Jul 20.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28746499

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the strengths and weaknesses found in the implementation process of the Nursing Certificate Program at the Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (Federal Institute of Santa Catarina), in the 2000s. Method: Socio-historical research with a qualitative approach. Oral history as a method source for data collection between June/September 2015, with thematic analysis. Seven professionals participated in the study, resulting in three categories: Recognition of the Nursing Certificate Program in the community and work market; Weaknesses faced by the course; Strengths during the implementation of the course. Results: The course was accepted by the labor market, resulting in an increased demand. As weaknesses: insufficient materials and structure, few teachers, course is offered every two years and no understanding of the stages by the institution. As strengths: commitment of teachers, management support and incentives to perform research. Final considerations: Despite the weaknesses, the strengths contributed to the implementation of the Nursing Certificate Program overcoming challenges, ensuring improvement in vocational training.


Asunto(s)
Academias e Institutos/organización & administración , Certificación/organización & administración , Educación en Enfermería/organización & administración , Facultades de Enfermería/organización & administración , Academias e Institutos/historia , Brasil , Certificación/normas , Relaciones Comunidad-Institución , Educación en Enfermería/normas , Empleo , Docentes de Enfermería , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Investigación Cualitativa , Facultades de Enfermería/historia
17.
Br J Nurs ; 26(5): 266-271, 2017 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28328273

RESUMEN

Niall McCrae, Lecturer, and Katerina Kuzminska, Postgraduate Nursing Student, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College, London, chart the influences of Nightingale's Poor Law infirmary reforms.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Enfermería/historia , Enfermería/organización & administración , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Historia de la Enfermería , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Hospitales , Humanos , Londres , Reino Unido
19.
Enfoque (Panama) ; 20(16): 26-45, Ene.jun.2017.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1028648

RESUMEN

El presente artículo, representa nuestras memorias como Estudiante de Enfermería en laFacultad de Ciencias Naturales y Farmacia, que representó la Facultad que “anidó la Escuela deEnfermería” en la Universidad de Panamá hasta que se transformó en la Facultad de Enfermeríade la Universidad de Panamá en 1985 y como se fue dando el proceso y evolución de la PrimeraEscuela de Enfermería a nivel Universitario en la República de Panamá, transformándose enFacultad de Enfermería.Presentamos parte del proceso de evolución, donde algunas de las Estudiantes deEnfermería de los primeros grupos se han transformado en profesoras Catedráticas en diferentesdepartamentos, realizando estudios de Licenciatura, Maestría, y Doctorados que representan latransformación académica de una Escuela que nació en 1967 y ahora es una Facultad pujante conprogramas de Maestrías Académicas y Profesionales, también contamos con un programa Doctoralen Enfermería con Énfasis en Salud Internacional.Con la esperanza que sigan realizando memorias del proceso Evolutivo de la Carrera deEnfermería de Panamá, que cumple en febrero 2017 sus primeros 50 años de labores Académicascontinuas con miras a seguir desarrollando en el futuro, nuevas generaciones de Profesionales deEnfermería, para mejorar la salud de individuos, familias y comunidades, de Panamá y del Mundo.


The present article, represents our memories as Student of the School of Nursing at the Faculty ofNatural Science and Pharmacy that nested the first School of Nursing until its transformation into theFaculty of Nursing at University level in the University of Panamá, becoming this Nursing School the firstNursing School at University level born in the year 1967 in the Republic of Panama, celebrating its 50Aniversary on February 2017 at high academic level, that is since 1985, the Nursing Faculty of theUniversity of Panamá.We are presenting part of the process of evolutional were some of the first Nursing Studentsgraduated with the Bachelor in Nursing Program, became Assistant professors, Professors with Masterlevel, to Doctoral Degree and Post-Doctoral Studies in Nursing and Public Health, being academics ofdifferent departments.The stages of academic development are presented since the Degree in Nursing, Bachelor inNursing Science, Master levels, and the Doctoral in Nursing with Emphasis in International Healthprograms.Actually, nursing at the University of Panama had showed an interesting evolution process, that weare initiating the Acreditation of Nursing to accomplish the Globalization demands.Our hopes are that, the process of evolution of Nursing in Panamá continue, as the first generationof nurse’s graduated at the University of Panama, make the efforts to develop Nursing of Panama, for thewell-being of the individuals, families and communities of the Republic of Panama and the World.


Este artigo representa nossas memórias como estudante de Enfermagem na Faculdade deCiências Naturais e Farmácia, que representou a Faculdade que aninhava a Escola de Enfermagemda Universidade de Panamá até ser transformada na Faculdade de Enfermagem da Universidadede Panamá em 1985 e como foi o processo e evolução da primeira Escola de Enfermagem de níveluniversitário na República do Panamá, tornando-se a Escola de Enfermagem.Apresentamos parte do processo de evolução, onde alguns dos estudantes deEnfermagem dos primeiros grupos se tornaram professores em diferentes departamentos,realizando estudos de Bacharelado, Mestrado e Doutorado que representam a transformaçãoacadêmica de uma Escola que nasceu em 1967 e agora é uma Faculdade próspera com programasde Mestrado Acadêmico e Profissional, além de um programa de Doutorado em Enfermagem comÊnfasis em Saúde Internacional.Mantemos a esperança de que as memórias continuem a ser feitas no processo evolutivo da carreirade enfermagem no Panamá, que em fevereiro de 2017 completa seus primeiros 50 anos de trabalhoacadêmico contínuo com vistas a desenvolver, no futuro, novas gerações de profissionais deenfermagem, para melhorar a saúde dos indivíduos, das famílias e das comunidades, do Panamá edo mundo.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Docentes de Enfermería/historia , Educación en Enfermería , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Congresos como Asunto , Educación Continua en Enfermería , Tecnología Educacional
20.
Dynamis (Granada) ; 37(2): 317-343, 2017.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-168861

RESUMEN

Este artículo identifica y describe una serie de procesos históricos que contribuyeron, junto a la formación académica, a la profesionalización de la enfermería entre las décadas de 1930 y 1950 en Chile, alejando gradualmente la asociación de este oficio con el ejercido por el servicio doméstico. A través de la revisión de fuentes documentales como monografías y publicaciones periódicas de naturaleza médico-asistencial, el artículo examina los debates públicos respecto de los vínculos que las enfermeras establecieron con la comunidad médica y otros oficios paramédicos; el impacto de la formación fuertemente influenciada por la experiencia norteamericana; su gradual especialización sanitaria y su papel en las políticas materno-infantiles. En el marco de la profesionalización de oficios sanitarios ejercidos casi exclusivamente por la población femenina, sustentada en las clásicas atribuciones a dicho género, el artículo explora algunos efectos de estos procesos en la formación de las enfermeras que posibilitaron la conformación de una identidad profesional que progresivamente experimentaba el reconocimiento de la comunidad médica, y que alcanzaba mayores niveles de autonomía en el ejercicio de sus tareas específicas hacia mediados del siglo XX chileno (AU)


No disponible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Profesionalismo/historia , Facultades de Enfermería/historia , Educación en Enfermería/historia , Historia de la Enfermería , Especialidades de Enfermería/historia , Chile , Política de Salud/historia
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