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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e21053, 2020 Jul 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629731

RESUMEN

Internal fixation such as elastic stable intramedullary(ESIN) nail and submuscular plate (SMP) is gaining popularity for femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children. However, external fixation (ExFix) might be a valuable option for the distal third femoral shaft fractures, where the fracture heals rapidly, but it is crucial to avoid angular malunion. This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes, postoperative complications of distal third femoral shaft fractures in school-aged children treated by ESIN versus ExFix.Patients aged 5 to 11 years with distal third femoral shaft fractures treated at our institute from January 2014 to January 2016 were included and categorized into ESIN (n = 33) and ExFix (n = 38) group. The preoperative data, including baseline information of the patients, radiographic parameters, and type of surgical procedure, were collected from the hospital database, and postoperative data, including complications, were collected during the follow-up visit.In all, 33 patients (average, 8.0 ±â€Š2.1 years, male 20, female 13) in the ESIN group and 38 patients (average, 8.3 ±â€Š2.3 years, male 23, female 15) in the ExFix group were included in this study. There was significantly less operative time for the ExFix group (45.4 ±â€Š7.8 min) as compared to the ESIN group (57.8 ±â€Š11.3 min) (P < .01), reduced estimated blood loss (EBL) in the ExFix group (9.9 ±â€Š3.5) as compared to the ESIN group (16.4 ±â€Š6.5) (P < .01). As for the frequency of fluoroscopy, there was a significant difference between the ExFix group (13.9 ±â€Š2.4) and the ESIN group (15.5 ±â€Š3.2) (P = .02). The rate of major complications was not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = .19). The rate of implant irritation was significantly higher in the ExFix group (28/38, 73.7%) than the ESIN group (12/33, 36.4%) (P < .01). The rate of surgical site infection (SSI) is significantly higher in the ExFix group (18/38, 47.4%)) than the ESIN group (1/33, 3%) (P < .01). The rate of scar concern was significantly higher in the ExFix (9/38, 23.7%) than the ESIN (2/33, 6.1%), (P = .04). According to the Flynn scoring system, 30(90.9%) patients in the ESIN group and 24(89.5%) patients in the ExFix group were rated as excellent. None of the patients had poor outcomes.Both ESIN and ExFix produced satisfactory outcomes in distal third femoral shaft fractures. ExFix remains a viable choice for selected cases, especially in resource-challenged and austere settings.


Asunto(s)
Clavos Ortopédicos/efectos adversos , Placas Óseas/efectos adversos , Fijadores Externos/efectos adversos , Fracturas del Fémur/cirugía , Cuidados Posteriores , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica/estadística & datos numéricos , Clavos Ortopédicos/normas , Placas Óseas/normas , Niño , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Diáfisis/diagnóstico por imagen , Diáfisis/patología , Fijadores Externos/normas , Femenino , Fracturas del Fémur/diagnóstico por imagen , Fluoroscopía/estadística & datos numéricos , Fijación de Fractura/métodos , Fijación de Fractura/tendencias , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/métodos , Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Tempo Operativo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento
2.
Am J Vet Res ; 81(7): 557-564, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584184

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare the torsional mechanical properties of 2 external skeletal fixators (ESFs) placed with 2 intramedullary pin (IP) and transfixation pin (TP) size combinations in a model of raptor tibiotarsal bone fracture. SAMPLE: 24 ESF-synthetic tibiotarsal bone model (polyoxymethylene) constructs. PROCEDURES: Synthetic bone models were fabricated with an 8-mm (simulated fracture) gap. Four types of ESF-synthetic bone model constructs (6/group) were tested: a FESSA with a 1.6-mm IP and 1.6-mm TPs, a FESSA with a 2.0-mm IP and 1.1-mm TPs, an acrylic connecting bar with a 1.6-mm IP and 1.6-mm TPs, and an acrylic connecting bar with a 2.0-mm IP and 1.1-mm TPs. Models were rotated in torsion (5°/s) to failure or the machine angle limit (80°). Mechanical variables at yield and at failure were determined from load deformation curves. Effects of overall construct type, connecting bar type, and IP and TP size combination on mechanical properties were assessed with mixed-model ANOVAs. RESULTS: Both FESSA constructs had significantly greater median stiffness and median torque at yield than both acrylic bar constructs; FESSA constructs with a 1.6-mm IP and 1.6-mm TPs had greatest stiffness of all tested constructs and lowest gap strain at yield. No FESSA constructs failed during testing; 7 of 12 acrylic bar constructs failed by fracture of the connecting bar at the interface with a TP. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Although acrylic bar ESFs have been successfully used in avian patients, the FESSA constructs in this study were mechanically superior to acrylic bar constructs, with greatest benefit resulting from use with the larger TP configuration.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas Óseas/veterinaria , Halcones , Animales , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Clavos Ortopédicos , Fijadores Externos
3.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(4): 375-8, 2020 Apr 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351095

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of elastic intramedullary nail in minimally invasive treatment of floating knee injury in children. METHODS: From January 2009 to September 2017, 11 children with floating knee injury were treated with one-off open reduction and elastic intramedullary nail or external fixator fixation, including 7 males and 4 females, aged 5.0 to 11.0 years, with an average age of 8.3 years. The treatment results were evaluated according to karlstrom's standard. RESULTS: Eleven patients were followed up for 8 to 48 months, with an average of 28 months. All the fractures healed at one time, and there were no complications such as nonunion, malunion and serious dysfunction of knee joint. The length of the affected limb in 2 cases was 1.2 to 1.5 cm longer than that in the opposite side without shortening. According to Karlstrom scoring standard, 8 cases were excellent, 1 case was good and 2 cases were middle. CONCLUSION: Elastic intramedullary nail minimally invasive treatment of floating knee injury in children is a safe and effective treatment, which can effectively reduce the fracture and promote bone healing, which is conducive to early functional recovery.


Asunto(s)
Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas , Traumatismos de la Rodilla , Clavos Ortopédicos , Niño , Preescolar , Fijadores Externos , Femenino , Fijación de Fractura , Curación de Fractura , Humanos , Fijadores Internos , Traumatismos de la Rodilla/cirugía , Masculino , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 34(1 Suppl. 2): 19-24, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270664

RESUMEN

Biophysical therapy can be performed using inductive, capacitive, mechanic or implanted devices. The mechanism of action of physical stimuli is at a membrane level where the activation of calcium channels determines the enhancement of cell proliferation and the production of growth factors. Biophysical therapy should be performed using devices and modalities described in the literature. The biophysical stimulation of osteogenesis is effective in the enhancement of the biology of fracture healing in presence of a correct orthopedic treatment in terms of good alignment and stabilization at the fracture site. The choice of which method must be used depends on the segment of bone that has to be treated, the type of fracture and if it is possible to apply the device on the skin. The presence of internal or external fixation devices is not a contraindication.


Asunto(s)
Curación de Fractura , Fracturas Óseas/terapia , Osteogénesis , Huesos , Fijadores Externos , Humanos
5.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(4): 447-451, 2020 Apr 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291979

RESUMEN

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of Taylor spatial frame (TSF) and unilateral external fixator in the treatment of tibiofibular open fractures. Methods: Between January 2016 and July 2018, 74 patients with tibiofibular open fracture who met the selection criteria were divided into TSF group (43 cases, fixed with TSF) and unilateral group (31 cases, fixed with unilateral external fixator) according to the principle of entering the group every other day. There was no significant difference in gender, age, affected side, cause of injury, type of fracture between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, fracture healing time, removal time of external fixator, and complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. The limb function was evaluated according to Johner-Wruhs criteria for evaluating the final effectiveness of tibial shaft fracture treatment. The recovery of lower limb force line was ecaluated by LUO Congfeng et al. criteria. Results: All patients were followed up 8-22 months, with a median of 12 months. All fractures healed, and no complication such as delayed union, nonunion, or osteomyelitis occurred. The operation time, fracture healing time, and removal time of external fixator in TSF group were significantly shorter than those in unilateral group ( P<0.05). At 3 months after the removal of the external fixator, the limb function was evaluated according to the Johner-Wruhs standard. In TSF group, 41 cases were excellent, 1 case was good, and 1 case was fair, and the excellent and good rate was 97.67%; in unilateral group, 30 cases were excellent and 1 case was fair, and the excellent and good rate was 96.77%; there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.666). At 4 months after operation, the recovery of lower limb force line was ecaluated by LUO Congfeng et al. criterion. In TSF group, 41 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good, and 1 case was fair, and the excellent and good rate was 97.67%; in unilateral group, 29 cases were excellent, 1 case was good, 1 case was fair, and the excellent and good rate was 96.77%; there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P=0.666). Conclusion: For tibiofibular open fracture, on the premise of fracture healing, TSF technology is superior to unilateral external fixation in terms of shortening operation time, fracture healing time, and removal time of external fixator.


Asunto(s)
Fijadores Externos/clasificación , Fracturas Abiertas/cirugía , Fracturas de la Tibia/cirugía , Curación de Fractura , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(4): 452-456, 2020 Apr 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291980

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the safety and effectiveness of Taylor spatial frame (TSF) in the treatment of medial compartmental osteoarthritis (MCOA) of the knee and the adjustment of the lower extremity force line at the same time. Methods: The clinical data of 30 patients with MCOA who underwent high tibial osteotomy (HTO) between October 2016 and April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different fixation methods, they were divided into external fixation group (TSF external fixation, 16 cases) and internal fixation group (locking steel plate internal fixation, 14 cases). There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, side, disease duration, mechanical femur tibia angle (MFTA), and other general data ( P>0.05). The operation time and intraoperative blood loss of the two groups were recorded and compared; MFTA was used to evaluate the recovery of the lower extremity force line at last follow-up; Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score was used to evaluate the clinical effecacy before operation and at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months after operation. Results: The operation time and intraoperative blood loss of external fixation group were significantly less than those of internal fixation group ( P<0.05). All patients were followed up 9-16 months, with an average of 12 months. There were 2 cases of delayed healing in the internal fixation group and 1 case of delayed healing in the external fixation group, and all healed after symptomatic treatment. All patients in the two groups had no complication such as needle infection, nonunion at osteotomy, osteomyelitis, and so on. At last follow-up, MFTA standard was used to evaluate the recovery of force line. The results of external fixation group were all excellent, while the results of internal fixation group were excellent in 10 cases and good in 4 cases. The difference between the two groups was significant ( Z=-2.258, P=0.024). The HSS scores in the two groups were significantly improved at each time point after operation, and gradually improved with time after operation ( P<0.05). The HSS score of the external fixation group was significantly higher than that of the internal fixation group ( t=2.425, P=0.022) at 3 months after operation; and there was no significant difference between the two groups at other time points ( P>0.05). Conclusion: TSF has unique advantages in HTO treatment of MCOA patients and correction of lower extremity force line, such as shorter operation time, less bleeding, firm fixation, and less complications. It can accurately adjust the lower extremity force line after operation and has good effectiveness. It is an effective and safe fixation method.


Asunto(s)
Fijadores Externos/clasificación , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Fijación Interna de Fracturas , Humanos , Articulación de la Rodilla , Extremidad Inferior , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tibia , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(4): 475-481, 2020 Apr 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291984

RESUMEN

Objective: The anatomical calcaneal external fixator was designed by measuring and calculating the morphological data of the heel. Methods: A total of 100 normal people were randomly selected to obtain 200 hind foot data, including 45 males and 55 females, with an average age of 43.9 years (range, 19-67 years). According to the principles of human engineering and local anatomy, the morphological data of the heel in the weight-bearing standing position and supine position were measured with the direct measurement mode. The heel length, heel width, heel height, medial ankle height, lateral ankle height, and calcaneal pitch angle (CPA) were measured by vernier calipers and ulnar markers in weight-bearing standing position, and the gender groups and left and right foot groups were compared; the shape of the hind foot in the supine position was measured by three-dimensional (3D) dot matrix inverse model method. According to the stereoscopic data of the comprehensive anatomical morphology of the heel, the anatomical calcaneal external fixator was designed with AutoCAD 2019 and other 3D industrial design softwares. Results: The measurements of shoe size, heel length, heel width, heel height, medial ankle height, lateral ankle height, and CPA in male were significantly higher than those in female ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the left and right feet in the other indexes except that the height of the medial malleolus of the left foot was significantly lower than that of the right foot ( t=-2.827, P=0.005). The measurement of 3D dot matrix inverse model in supine position showed that the heel part was non-circular arc edge, and many groups of arc edges fluctuate in a limited range. Based on the above data, an anatomical calcaneal external fixator was designed, which could fit the anatomic radian in theory, so as to be flexible in configuration. On this basis, the ordinary configuration, compression configuration, and orthodontic configuration were designed to meet the treatment needs of calcaneal fractures in different degrees. The ordinary configuration was suitable for patients with Sanders Ⅰ, ⅡA, and ⅡB calcaneal fractures with no or slight displacement of intra-articular fractures; the ordinary configuration was mainly used for simple fixing. The compression configuration was suitable for patients with Sanders ⅡC, ⅢA, and ⅢB, tongue fractures, and avulsion fractures with severe displacement of intra-articular fractures; the compression configuration used obliquely drawn console wires to fix the displaced bones. The orthodontic configuration was suitable for patients with Sanders ⅢC and Ⅳ calcaneal fractures with severe displacement of intra-articular fractures or severe calcaneal bone defects; the orthodontic configuration was a multi-module design, which took into account the stable fixation of the fracture and the arbitrary adjustment of the joint fixation angle. Conclusion: The hind foot is special for morphology, so the external fixator designed based on the vernier caliper measurement method and 3D dot matrix measuring plate measurement method is an anatomical type and its configuration can theoretically meet stable and flexible clinical needs.


Asunto(s)
Calcáneo/lesiones , Fijadores Externos , Fracturas Óseas/terapia , Talón/anatomía & histología , Adulto , Anciano , Diseño de Equipo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(3): 203-8, 2020 Mar 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233244

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical effects of calcaneal traction and external fixator fixation of fractional delayed surgery in treating type C Pilon fractures. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2017, clinical data of 45 patients with tibial Pilon fractures were respectively analyzed. There were 24 patients in traction group, including 16 males and 8 females, aged from 21 to 57 years old with an average age of (38.6 ±10.5) years old; 18 patients caused by falling down, 6 patients caused by traffic accident; 15 patients on the left side and 9 patients on the right side; according to AO/OTA classification, 3 patients classified type C1, 9 patients classified type C2 and 12 patients classified type C3; treated by calcaneal traction on the first stage, and open reduction and internal fixation on the second stage. There were 21 patients in external fixation group, including 15 males and 6 females, aged from 19 to 58 years old with an average age of (37.8 ±11.2) years old; 17 patients caused by falling down, 4 patients caused by traffic accident; 11 patients on the left side and 10 patients on the right side; according to AO/OTA classification, 2 patients classified type C1, 8 patients classified type C2 and 11 patients classified type C3; treated by external fixator on the first stage, and open reduction and internal fixation on the second stage. All patients were closed fracture. Preoperative waiting time, hospital stays, operative time, postoperative complications, fracture reduction and healing time between two groups were compared, VAS score was used to evaluate relief of pain before internal fixation on the second stage, Burwell-Charnley radiological evaluation criteria was applied to evaluate fracture reduction after internal fixation, AOFAS score was used to evaluate recovery of ankle joint function. RESULTS: There were no statistical difference in operative time, following-up time and fracture healing time between two groups. VAS score before internal fixation in traction group was 3.73± 0.87, while in external fixation group was 2.67±0.69, there was statistical difference between two groups. Preoperative waiting time, and hospital stays in traction group were (9.20±1.40) d ,(12.30±3.60) d; while in external fixation group were (7.60± 1.50) d ,(10.80±2.60) d; and had significant difference between two groups. There was no difference in complications between two groups. According to Burwell-Charnley radiological evaluation criteria, 20 patients obtained anatomical reduction, and 4 patients received normal reduction in traction group; 18 patients obtained anatomical reduction, and 3 patients received normal reduction in external fixation group; while without difference between two groups. There was no difference between two groups in AOFAS score. CONCLUSION: For type C Pilon fractures, one-stage calcaneus traction or temporary external fixation also could achieve temporary fixation and provide better soft tissue conditions for the second stage internal fixation, and could receive better ankle joint function after internal fixation. The operation of calcaneus traction is simple, while external fixation may be increase the number of operation times, but external fixation has more advantages in reducing preoperative pain, shortening preoperative waiting days and hospitalization time than traction.


Asunto(s)
Traumatismos del Tobillo , Calcáneo , Fracturas de la Tibia , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Fijadores Externos , Femenino , Fijación de Fractura , Fijación Interna de Fracturas , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tracción , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
9.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(3): 288-92, 2020 Mar 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233263

RESUMEN

Bone transportation technology (Ilizarov technique) effectively solves the clinical problem of chronic osteomyelitis with structural bone defect. The paper combined with own clinical experience and a large number of literatures, the results showed that this method had some complications related to severe bone healing, such as non union of the joint ends and poor mineralization of the extended gap. Maintenance of force line during operation, protection of osteotomy end tissues, appropriate transporting velocity and stress stimulation after operation, and application of "accordion technology" are the keys to reduce such complications. At present, there is still much controversy about the timing of removal of external fixator. Once the re fracture is caused by early removal, it must be treated actively as soon as possible. In addition, it is necessary to reduce the local thermal injury of nail canal during operation and strengthen the nursing of nail canal after operation in order to prevent nail canal infection. Reasonable analgesic regimen combined with active functional exercise is an important method to avoid the occurrence of adjacent joint dysfunction.


Asunto(s)
Técnica de Ilizarov , Osteomielitis , Enfermedad Crónica , Fijadores Externos , Humanos , Osteomielitis/complicaciones , Tibia , Resultado del Tratamiento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19449, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150100

RESUMEN

Radial external fixator has been proposed to treat delayed irreducible Gartland type III supracondylar humeral fracture, and this study aims to compare its effects with crossed pinning in a retrospective fashion. Delayed supracondylar humeral fracture is defined as more than 72 hours after injury, 2 or more than 2 times failed attempts of closed reduction can be deemed as irreducible fracture.Between January 2010 and January 2017, patients of Gartland type III supracondylar fractures of the humerus receiving surgery were all selected and reviewed. Overall, 39 patients fitting the inclusion criteria were chosen for the External Fixator Group and patients for control group of crossed pinning with matched age, sex, and clinical parameters (fracture location, injured side, and fracture type) were selected from the database. Surgery duration, number of intraoperative X-ray images, incidence of ulnar nerve injury, postoperative redisplacement, and function of the elbow joint were recorded and analyzed.In this study, 39 patients treated with radial external fixator had significantly shorter surgery duration, fewer intraoperative X-ray images, and lower incidence of ulnar nerve injury, and postoperative redisplacement than those receiving crossed pinning. Patients in 2 groups displayed similar range of motion for elbow joint at follow-up.Radial external fixator is an effective and safe method to treat Gartland type III supracondylar fractures that were diagnosed late.


Asunto(s)
Clavos Ortopédicos , Fijadores Externos , Fijación de Fractura/instrumentación , Fracturas del Húmero/cirugía , Niño , Articulación del Codo/fisiopatología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(5): 373-377, 2020 Feb 11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074782

RESUMEN

Objective: To evaluate the postoperatively hidden blood loss of elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients fixed with combined external fixator, and to explore the correlation between hidden blood loss and age. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 60 elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients who were admitted to the Department of Orthopedics of Hebei Provincial Hospital from January 2016 to May 2019. All the fractures were fixed with combined external fixators. The patients were divided into two groups according to the age: there were 31 cases in group A (60-80 years old) and 29 cases in group B (≥80 years old). The Gross equation and the Nandler formula were used to evaluate the amount of hidden blood loss based on changes in hematocrit (Hct) at the day preoperatively, 3 days postoperatively and the weight. The data were compared between the two groups by independent-sample t test. Results: The decreased Hct, hemoglobin(Hb) and the dominant blood loss and hidden blood loss in group A and B was 3.4%±1.7%, (13±7) g/L, (25±6) ml, (186±7) ml and 3.8%±1.2%, (13±3) g/L, (24±8) ml, (194±7) ml, respectively. There was no significant differences in the dominant and hidden blood loss between the groups (t=0.309, 0.883, both P>0.05). Conclusion: The age doesn't affect the hidden blood loss in elderly intertrochanteric fracture patients fixed with combined external fixator, which indicated that the operation is safe and reliable for such patients.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Fijadores Externos , Hemorragia , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18636, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977853

RESUMEN

RATIONALE: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease. It has long been believed that the main causes of KOA are knee degenerative diseases, trauma, overwork, and labor habits. However, long-term deformity leads to uneven stress on the surface of the knee joint, and the cause of lower limb force line damage has not been taken seriously. Comprehensive application of high tibial osteotomy (HTO), chronic distraction tissue regeneration, and computer-assisted external fixation for the treatment of severe KOA has many advantages over total knee arthroplasty, such as lasting and thorough orthopedic effects, a lower cost, and a faster recovery. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was a 48-year-old male with KOA caused by long-term genu varus, resulting in pain in both knees, especially in the right knee. The right knee pain had been aggravated for 2 years, and he was admitted to the hospital for left knee pain for 1 month. DIAGNOSES: X-ray: The patient has right KOA and varus deformity INTERVENTIONS: Comprehensive application of HTO, chronic distraction tissue regeneration technology, and computer-assisted external fixation technology has a good therapeutic effect for patients with KOA and varus. OUTCOMES: The patient's severe genu varus was corrected, the bone and soft tissue regeneration was good, the lower limb force line was improved, lower limb function was restored well, and the treatment was satisfactory. CONCLUSION: For the treatment of KOA patients with genu varus, the combination of HTO, chronic distraction tissue regeneration, and computer-assisted adjustment of external fixation technology have a good effect on the correction of genu varus deformity and the recovery of the lower limb force line. This treatment method is also conducive to preventing postoperative infection and avoiding secondary trauma caused by the removal of internal fixation plates.


Asunto(s)
Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Osteotomía/métodos , Fijadores Externos , Regeneración Tisular Dirigida/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Tibia/cirugía
13.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227975, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968005

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Knee joint distraction (KJD) has been evaluated as a joint-preserving treatment to postpone total knee arthroplasty in knee osteoarthritis patients in three clinical trials. Since 2014 the treatment is used in regular care in some hospitals, which might lead to a deviation from the original indication and decreased treatment outcome. In this study, baseline characteristics, complications and clinical benefit are compared between patients treated in regular care and in clinical trials. METHODS: In our hospital, 84 patients were treated in regular care for 6 weeks with KJD. Surgical details, complications, and range of motion were assessed from patient hospital charts. Patient-reported outcome measures were evaluated in regular care before and one year after treatment. Trial patients (n = 62) were treated and followed as described in literature. RESULTS: Patient characteristics were not significantly different between groups, except for distraction duration (regular care 45.3±4.3; clinical trials 48.1±8.1 days; p = 0.019). Pin tract infections were the most occurring complication (70% regular care; 66% clinical trials), but there was no significant difference in treatment complications between groups (p>0.1). The range of motion was recovered within a year after treatment for both groups. WOMAC questionnaires showed statistically and clinically significant improvement for both groups (both p<0.001 and >15 points in all subscales) and no significant differences between groups (all differences p>0.05). After one year, 70% of patients were responders (regular care 61%, trial 75%; p = 0.120). Neither regular care compared to clinical trial, nor any other characteristic could predict clinical response. CONCLUSIONS: KJD as joint-preserving treatment in clinical practice, to postpone arthroplasty for end-stage knee osteoarthritis patient below the age of 65, results in an outcome similar to that thus far demonstrated in clinical trials. Longer follow-up in regular care is needed to test whether also long-term results remain beneficial and comparable to trial data.


Asunto(s)
Articulación de la Rodilla/cirugía , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Osteogénesis por Distracción/métodos , Osteogénesis por Distracción/normas , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administración & dosificación , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Cartílago Articular/diagnóstico por imagen , Cartílago Articular/fisiopatología , Cartílago Articular/cirugía , Ensayos Clínicos como Asunto/normas , Fijadores Externos , Femenino , Humanos , Articulación de la Rodilla/diagnóstico por imagen , Articulación de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Procedimientos Ortopédicos/normas , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/diagnóstico por imagen , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/epidemiología , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/fisiopatología , Rango del Movimiento Articular/fisiología , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(12): 1521-1526, 2019 Dec 15.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823551

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of internal and external lysis combined with Ilizarov external fixation technology for severe knee pathological flexion contracture deformity in children. Methods: A retrospective analysis was made on 12 children (12 knees) with severe knee pathological flexion contracture deformity who were treated with internal and external lysis and Ilizarov external fixation between August 2012 and January 2017. There were 9 boys and 3 girls with an age of 3-12 years (mean, 8.4 years). There were 8 cases of tuberculosis, 3 cases of haemophilia A, and 1 case of residual deformity after extensive hemangioma drug injection. The disease duration ranged from 5 months to 4 years, with an average of 20.3 months. The degree of knee contracture was (67.42±23.30)°, and the range of motion of knee was (38.33±14.98)°. The preoperative Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score was 78.42±15.57. The complication was observed after operation, and the degree of knee contracture, range of motion, and WOMAC score at 3 months and 1 year after operation were recorded and compared with those before operation. Results: The operations completed successfully in all children. All the 12 cases were followed up 9-24 months (mean, 14.5 months). All incisions healed by first intention after operation. The knee function of all children improved significantly and the weight-bearing walking function of the lower limbs restored. The degree of knee contracture, range of motion, and WOMAC score were significantly improved at 3 months and 1 year after operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between 3 months and 1 year after operation (P>0.05). Conclusion: For severe knee pathological flexion contracture deformity in children, application of internal and external lysis combined with Ilizarov external fixation has advantages, such as small trauma, rapid recovery, and early postoperative knee function training, and good effectiveness.


Asunto(s)
Fijadores Externos , Articulación de la Rodilla , Niño , Contractura , Femenino , Humanos , Articulación de la Rodilla/cirugía , Masculino , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(45): 3592-3596, 2019 Dec 03.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826577

RESUMEN

Objective: To observe the effect of traditional and modified Ilizarov transverse tibial bone transport on microvascular regeneration of lower limbs in dogs. Methods: After general anesthesia on 10 experimental dogs, traditional and modified transverse tibial bone transport were performed on both tibias respectively. The control group was treated with the traditional method (the periosteum and bone flap were completely isolated), while the experimental group was treated with the modified method (the fibular periosteum of the open window bone flap was retained). All the external fixators were pulled outwards at a speed of 1 mm every day from 5 days after operation;after one week, the external fixators were moved back every 3 days for one week. The situation of wounds and activity of lower limbs were observed. Simultaneously, the angiogenesis was observed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) through femoral artery at different stages, and the density of vascular endothelial cells measured by local tissue sections. The data before and after the operation were compared with paired t test. Results: The operation was successfully completed in 10 experimental dogs, and all wounds healed about 1 week after the operation. There was no significant abnormality in lower limb movements in all dogs. Peripheral blood vessel area in middle leg of lower limb in 4 weeks and 8 weeks after operation was (5.9±0.4) mm(2) and (6.9±0.6) mm(2) in control group and it was (6.2±0.6) mm(2) and (8.0±0.6) mm(2) in experimental group, respectively; all were significantly improved than those before the operation ((5.0±0.4) mm(2), (4.9±0.4) mm(2), respectively) (F=446.457, 829.192, both P<0.05). There was no significant differences in vessel area between the two groups at the 4th week after operation (t=1.216, P=0.240), but there was significant difference at the 8th week after operation between the two groups (t=4.423, P=0.000). The percentage of vascular endothelial cells in stained cells under endoscopy was 4.42%±0.28% and 5.63%±0.53% in the control group at the 8th week; and in the experimental group, it was 5.35%±0.26% and 7.18%±0.25%, respectively;all were significantly elevated than those before the operation; and there were significant differences between the two groups (t=7.35, 8.30, both P<0.05). Conclusion: Transverse tibial bone transport and microvascular network regeneration technology can reconstruct the microvasculature below the calf of dogs; the method of window-opening osteotomy is improved to "door" type window-opening, it can retain the lateral periosteum of tibial crest and regenerate the microvasculature network more abundantly.


Asunto(s)
Tibia , Animales , Perros , Células Endoteliales , Fijadores Externos , Microcirculación , Osteotomía
16.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(12): 1173-1176, 2019 Dec 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870082

RESUMEN

The posterior condylar fracture of the tibial plateau refers to the fracture of the posterior 1/3 area of the tibial plateau. Compared with other clinical types such as Schatzker and AO, the three-column theory is more widely used in the diagnosis and treatment of the posterior condylar fracture of the tibial plateau. There are advantages and disadvantages in learning curve, intraoperative risk and therapeutic effect of minimally invasive methods such as posterior and lateral related approaches, circular external fixator and balloon dilatation, which are commonly used in open surgery. There is no consensus on the best surgical method. This article reviews the diagnosis, classification and treatment of posterior condylar fracture of tibial plateau.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de la Tibia , Fijadores Externos , Fijación Interna de Fracturas , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizaje , Tibia , Fracturas de la Tibia/diagnóstico , Fracturas de la Tibia/terapia
17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 621, 2019 Dec 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878910

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new method for treating neglected hip dislocation with limb length discrepancy by using external fixation-assisted pre-reduction. METHODS: Thirteen patients admitted between January 2010 to February 2018 with a mean duration from injury to surgery of 5.0 ± 2.1 months and an average preoperative leg-length discrepancy of 7.7 ± 2.3 cm were enrolled in this study. The dislocation and associated acetabular fracture type, clinical outcomes and residual limb length discrepancy were evaluated. RESULTS: All patients had posterior dislocations, and nine patients presented with acetabular fractures and were followed-up for at least 12 months. The average traction duration of external fixators was 28.8 ± 8.0 days and all patients received second-stage open reduction and internal fixation. Six patients showed residual limb length discrepancy within 2 cm. Patients showed significant improvement in hip function and pain relief. Complications including avascular femoral head necrosis and osteoarthritis occurred in three patients. CONCLUSION: Effective correction of limb length discrepancy and improved function were observed in patients with neglected hip dislocations and limb equality using traction by external fixation combined with second-stage open reduction. Further follow-up is required to determine long-term outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Fijadores Externos , Luxación de la Cadera/cirugía , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Tiempo de Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
19.
J Foot Ankle Surg ; 58(6): 1273-1275, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679680

RESUMEN

Replantation of the lower leg has controversial indications, but it may be considered in carefully selected patients. Although the function of prosthetic lower legs has been improved in recent decades, leg salvage remains a laudable goal. We present the case of a 7-year-old child who sustained a traumatic amputation at the level of the middle tibia with loss of the middle portion of the lower leg. We performed successful replantation, and tibia lengthening was performed starting 10 days after replantation and lasted 6 months.


Asunto(s)
Amputación Traumática , Alargamiento Óseo , Traumatismos de la Pierna/cirugía , Diferencia de Longitud de las Piernas/cirugía , Pierna/cirugía , Reimplantación , Niño , Fijadores Externos , Fracturas Óseas/cirugía , Humanos , Diferencia de Longitud de las Piernas/etiología , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/lesiones , Músculo Esquelético/cirugía , Nervio Peroneo/lesiones , Nervio Peroneo/cirugía , Trasplante de Piel , Tibia/lesiones , Tibia/cirugía , Nervio Tibial/lesiones , Nervio Tibial/cirugía
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 234, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692766

RESUMEN

Introduction: Management of open fractures poses a constant challenge to Orthopaedic surgeons in Nigeria. Our aim is to determine the epidemiological pattern of open fractures in our centre and share our experiences on the initial management and problems encountered. Methods: This was an 18 month prospective study of patients that presented with open fractures at our emergency room. Already prepared data collection sheets were used to collect relevant data directly from patients and patients' files. Results: There were 58 open fractures in 52 patients (31 males and 21 females). Mean age of patients was 36.4 ± 12.2 years. Most patients (82.7%) fell within the age group of 20-49 years. Traders (28.9%) and students (19.6%) were mostly affected. Most open fractures (88.5%) were due to road traffic accidents. The tibia and fibula were the most frequently affected (44.4%). Most injuries were Gustilo et al. types IIIA & IIIB (79.3%) open fractures. Patients had initial resuscitation followed by debridement in 42 cases (72%). Fractures were initially stabilized with external fixators in 23 cases (39.7%) and cast slabs in 19 cases (32.8%). The average time between presentation and debridement was 30 hours and average hospital stay was 36 days. Forty two point five per cent of wounds were infected. Conclusion: Open fractures were mostly due to road traffic accidents and affected the tibia and fibula most frequently with Gustilo et al. types IIIA and IIIB forming the bulk of the injuries. Management was challenging with late presentations, scarcity of resources and consequent high rate of infections, prolonged morbidity and hospital stay. These problems were worsened by delay in antibiotic commencement and initial debridement, sub-optimal treatment at peripherial hospitals and mis-management by traditional bone setters.


Asunto(s)
Desbridamiento/métodos , Fijadores Externos , Fijación de Fractura/métodos , Fracturas Abiertas/cirugía , Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Niño , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Femenino , Fracturas Abiertas/epidemiología , Hospitales de Enseñanza , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Estudios Prospectivos , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología , Factores de Tiempo , Adulto Joven
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