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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 219, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566241

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), a novel inflammation index derived from the counts of circulating platelets, neutrophils and lymphocytes, has been studied in the treatment of acute cancer and ischemic stroke (AIS). However, the clinical value of the SII in postoperative delirium patients has not been further investigated. The purpose of our research was to study the incidence and preoperative risk factors for postoperative delirium (POD) and verify whether the SII could serve as a potential marker for POD in older intertrochanteric fracture patients. Finally, we created a novel nomogram for predicting POD in older patients with intertrochanteric fractures. METHODS: We enrolled elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures who underwent proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) between February 2021 and April 2023. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were subsequently performed to confirm the risk factors and construct a nomogram model.Calibration curve and clinical decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to assess the model's fitting performance. The performance of the nomogram was evaluated for discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility. RESULTS: A total of 293 patients were eligible for inclusion in the study, 25.6% (75/293) of whom had POD. The POD patients had higher SII values than the non-POD patients. The SII was strongly correlated with POD in older intertrochanteric fracture patients, and the optimal cutoff value was 752.6 × 109. Multivariate analysis revealed that age, diabetes, total albumin, SII > 752.6 × 109 and a CRP > 20.25 mg/L were independent risk factors for POD patients. By incorporating these 5 factors, the model achieved a concordance index of 0.745 (95% CI, 0.683-0.808) and had a well-fitted calibration curve and good clinical application value. CONCLUSION: The SII is a simple and valuable biomarker for POD, and the new nomogram model can be used to accurately predict the occurrence of POD. They can be utilized in clinical practice to identify those at high risk of POD in older intertrochanteric fracture patients.


Asunto(s)
Delirio del Despertar , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Nomogramas , Inflamación
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 288, 2024 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614984

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Teriparatide, a recombinant parathyroid hormone, is pivotal in osteoporosis treatment, particularly in post-surgical recovery for hip fractures. This study investigates its efficacy in functional recovery post-hip fracture surgery in elderly patients, a demographic particularly susceptible to osteoporotic fractures. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 150 elderly patients with proximal femoral fractures undergoing open reduction and internal fixation were enrolled. They were categorized into two groups: receiving 20 µg of daily teriparatide injections for 18 months and receiving standard antiresorptive medications during a 24-month follow-up. Detailed records of patient demographics, Fracture Risk Assessment Tool scores, and comorbidities were kept. Key outcomes, including bone mineral density (BMD) and functional scores (Barthel Index and Visual Analog Scale for hip pain), were evaluated at 3 and 24 months post-surgery. RESULTS: Out of the original cohort, 126 patients (20 men and 106 women with an average age of 85.5 ± 9.3 years) completed the study. The teriparatide group exhibited significant enhancements in both functional scores and BMD when compared to the control group. Notably, functional improvements were less pronounced in male patients compared to female patients. Additionally, the incidence of new fractures was markedly lower in the teriparatide group. CONCLUSION: Administering teriparatide daily for 18 months post-surgery for proximal femoral fractures significantly benefits very elderly patients by improving functionality and bone density, with observed differences in recovery between genders. These results reinforce the efficacy of teriparatide as a potent option for treating osteoporosis-related fractures in the elderly and highlight the importance of considering gender-specific treatment and rehabilitation strategies.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Osteoporosis , Fracturas Femorales Proximales , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Teriparatido/uso terapéutico , Densidad Ósea , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Osteoporosis/complicaciones , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico
3.
Clin Interv Aging ; 19: 599-610, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617097

RESUMEN

Introduction: Older patients combined with coronary heart disease (CHD) develop acute heart failure (AHF) after hip fracture surgery is common, and this study aimed to investigate the risk factors of postoperative AHF in older hip fracture patients and to construct a nomogram prediction model. Methods: We retrospectively collected older hip fracture patients with CHD who underwent hip fracture surgery at the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2017 to December 2021. We divided them into a training set and a validation set. We collected the demographic data, laboratory indicators and imaging examination results. We identified risk factors for postoperative AHF and used R language software to establish a nomogram prediction model, plot ROC curves, calibration curves and DCA decision curves. Results: We retrospectively collected 1288 older hip fractures patients with CHD. After excluding 214 patients who did not meet the criteria, 1074 patients were included in our research and we divided them into the training set and the validation set. In the training set, a total of 346 (42.8%) patients developing postoperative AHF. Through univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, we identified the risk factors for postoperative AHF and constructed a nomogram prediction model. The AUC of the prediction model is 0.778. The correction curve shows that the model has good consistency. The decision curve analysis shows that the model has good clinical practicality. Conclusion: There were 42.8% older patients combined with CHD develop postoperative AHF. Among them, fracture type, age, anemia at admission, combined with COPD, ASA ≥ 3, and preoperative waiting time >3 days are risk factors for postoperative AHF. We constructed a nomogram prediction model that can effectively predict the risk of postoperative AHF in older hip fracture patients combined with CHD.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Coronaria , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Nomogramas , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/epidemiología
4.
Age Ageing ; 53(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619122

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the practice of prescribing and implementing early mobilisation and weight-bearing as tolerated after hip fracture surgery in older adults and identify barriers and facilitators to their implementation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 healthcare providers (10 orthopaedic surgeons and 10 physiotherapists) from Saudi Arabian government hospitals. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: While early mobilisation and weight-bearing as tolerated were viewed as important by most participants, they highlighted barriers to the implementation of these practices. Most participants advocated for mobility within 48 h of surgery, aligning with international guidance; however, the implementation of weight-bearing as tolerated was varied. Some participants stressed the type of surgery undertaken as a key factor in weight-bearing prescription. For others, local protocols or clinician preference was seen as most important, the latter partially influenced by where they were trained. Interdisciplinary collaboration between orthopaedic surgeons and physiotherapists was seen as a crucial part of postoperative care and weight-bearing. Patient and family member buy-in was also noted as a key factor, as fear of further injury can impact a patient's adherence to weight-bearing prescriptions. Participants noted a lack of standardised postoperative protocols and the need for routine patient audits to better understand current practices and outcomes. CONCLUSION: This study contributes to national and global discussions on the prescription of early mobilisation and weight-bearing as tolerated. It highlights the necessity for a harmonised approach, incorporating standardised, evidence-based protocols with patient-specific care, robust healthcare governance and routine audits and monitoring for quality assurance and better patient outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Ambulación Precoz , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Anciano , Arabia Saudita , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Investigación Cualitativa , Cuidados Posoperatorios
5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e246453, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619841

RESUMEN

Importance: It is unclear whether nonfunctional adrenal tumors (NFATs) are associated with fractures. Objective: To analyze fracture frequencies in individuals with NFATs. Design, Setting, and Participants: A national retrospective cohort study was conducted in patients with NFATs diagnosed in Sweden between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2019, and control participants without adrenal tumors followed up until death or the end of 2019. Individuals with a diagnosis of adrenal hormonal excess or previous malignant tumors were excluded. Sensitivity analyses were performed in subgroups of individuals with a combination of gallbladder, biliary tract, and pancreas diseases (for whom it was assumed that controls would also have undergone computed tomography) and 3- and 12-month survival free of malignant tumors after the NFAT diagnosis. The data were analyzed from September to November 2023. Exposures: Diagnosis of NFATs. Main Outcomes and Measures: Main study outcomes were prevalence and incidence of fractures after adjustment for sex, age, and comorbidities. Secondary outcomes were fragility fractures, fractures with fall on the same level, and fracture locations (distal arm and vertebral and hip fractures). Fracture incidence after adrenalectomy was also studied. Results: Among 20 390 patients, 12 120 (59.4%) were women, and the median (IQR) age was 66 (57-73) years; among 125 392 controls, 69 994 (55.8%) were women, and the median (IQR) age was 66 (57-73) years. Previous fractures were more common in patients diagnosed with NFATs compared with controls (4310 of 20 390 [21.1%] vs 20 323 of 125 392 [16.2%]; odds ratio [OR], 1.39; 95% CI, 1.34-1.45; adjusted OR [AOR], 1.27; 95% CI, 1.23-1.33). During the follow-up period (median [IQR], 4.9 [2.2-8.2] years), incident fractures were more common in patients with NFATs (3127 of 20 390 [15.3%] vs 16 086 of 125 392 [12.8%]; hazard ratio [HR], 1.40; 95% CI, 1.34-1.45; adjusted HR [AHR], 1.27; 95% CI, 1.22-1.33). An association between NFATs and vertebral fractures was found (AOR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.33-1.72; AHR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.60-2.09). In men younger than 50 years, NFATs were associated with fractures (AOR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.21-1.74; AHR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.20-1.82). There was no association among individuals who had undergone adrenalectomy (AHR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.90-1.38). The association between NFATs and fractures remained significant and of similar magnitude in all sensitivity analyses. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, NFATs were associated with fractures, particularly among younger men; thus, patients with NFATs should have bone health evaluation with appropriate treatment and monitoring, especially in younger men.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de las Glándulas Suprarrenales , Fracturas de Cadera , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Prevalencia , Estudios de Cohortes , Incidencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de las Glándulas Suprarrenales/epidemiología
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595218

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Low platelet counts have clinically relevant effects on patient outcomes after hip fracture surgery; however, the relationship between abnormally high platelet counts and postoperative outcomes in this population is unknown. METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried for patients who underwent hip fracture surgery between 2015 and 2019. Outcomes were compared between patients with normal platelet counts (150,000 to 450,000/µL) and thrombocytosis (>450,000/µL). RESULTS: Eighty-six thousand three hundred eleven hip fracture patients were identified, of which 1067 (1.2%) had preoperative thrombocytosis. Compared with patients with normal platelet counts, patients with preoperative thrombocytosis had increased rates of 30-day mortality (6.4% vs 4.5%, P = 0.004; OR 1.15 [95% CI 0.88 to 1.50], P = 0.322) as well as increased rates and odds of readmission (11.4% vs 7.8%, P < 0.001; OR 1.35 [95% CI 1.10 to 1.65], P = 0.004) and venous thromboembolic events (3.2% vs 1.7%, P < 0.001; OR 1.88 [95% CI 1.31 to 2.71], P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Hip fracture patients with preoperative thrombocytosis had increased rates of early mortality as well as increased odds of venous thromboembolic events and readmission. A patient with thrombocytosis may benefit from close postoperative surveillance and careful follow-up. Future prospective studies are needed to verify causation and investigate how to mitigate adverse outcomes in hip fracture patients with preoperative thrombocytosis.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Trombocitosis , Tromboembolia , Trombosis de la Vena , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía
7.
Tunis Med ; 102(2): 107-110, 2024 Feb 05.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567477

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Proximal femur fractures are one of the most common injuries in older adults representing a serious health condition in developed as well as developing countries. AIM: This study aimed to assess the hospitalization costs of the proximal femur fracture. METHODS: We conducted a prospective descriptive study spread over six months about patients hospitalized and operated on for proximal femur fractures. In order to estimate the cost we referred to the nomenclature of professional acts and the prices set by the Ministry of Public Health and the Ministry of Finance. RESULTS: The study included 100 patients, 55 females and 45 males with an average age of 76 years. The average hospital length of stay was 5 days. The preoperative stay was at a mean of three days. The average total hospitalization cost for these fractures was 2877 Tunisian Dinars depending on the type of fracture and surgical treatment. The main components of the costs were hospital stay costs and human resources costs 40%, cost of the implant 25.9%, cost of consumables 12%, operating cost 10%, cost of additional examinations 9% and cost of medications 2%. CONCLUSION: Proximal femur fractures represent an important cause of health resource consumption. To reduce the cost of hospital care, we recommend limiting the length of hospital stay as much as possible, investing in total hip and hemi-arthroplasties and adapting economical behavior taking into account the cost of consumables.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Fracturas Femorales Proximales , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Anciano , Costos de la Atención en Salud , Hospitalización , Tiempo de Internación , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Hospitales
9.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 194-200, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562635

RESUMEN

Background: Reverse oblique intertrochanteric fractures (ROFs) are unstable extracapsular hip fractures that present a mechanical challenge. These fractures are classified as AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) 31-A3 according to the Trauma Association classification system and can further be subclassified into 3 subtypes based on their specific characteristics. The study aimed to evaluate and compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes of the 3 subtypes of ROFs. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at a single high-volume, tertiary center, where data were collected from electronic medical records of consecutive patients who underwent surgical fixation of AO/OTA 31-A3 fractures. Patients with less than 1-year follow-up, pathological fractures, and revision surgery were excluded. The subtypes of fractures were classified as 31-A3.1 (simple oblique), 31-A3.2 (simple transverse), and 31-A3.3 (wedge or multi-fragmentary). The operation was done using 4 different fixation methods, and radiological evaluation was performed at routine intervals. Results: The final population consisted of 265 patients (60.8% women) with a mean age of 77.4 years (range, 50-100 years) and the mean follow-up time was 35 months (range, 12-116 months). The incidence of medical complications was similar across the groups. However, there was a trend toward a higher incidence of orthopedic complications and revision rates in the 31-A3.2 group, although this was not statistically significant (p = 0.21 and p = 0.14, respectively). Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, no significant differences were observed between the groups, indicating that the subclassifications of AO/OTA 31-A3 fractures do not have a significant impact on surgical outcomes or the occurrence of postoperative complications.


Asunto(s)
Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Clavos Ortopédicos , Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas/métodos , Fracturas de Cadera/diagnóstico por imagen , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento
10.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 230-241, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562634

RESUMEN

Background: Bipolar hemiarthroplasty, one of the main treatment modalities for hip fracture, does not always promise the ability to walk independently after surgery. Patients with the same fracture characteristics and comorbidities, implants, and operators may also have different outcomes. Sarcopenia is thought to be one of the causes of the inability to walk independently after this operation; however, it has not been widely studied and is often overlooked. Methods: This study used a case-control design with 23 patients in the case group (patients unable to walk independently) and 23 patients in the control group (patients able to walk independently). Sampling was carried out consecutively according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria based on the medical records of patients with hip fractures after bipolar hemiarthroplasty at our hospital. In the preoperative period, hand grip strength (HGS), mid-upper arm muscle area (MUAMA), calf circumference (CC), serum albumin level, and total lymphocyte count were measured. A muscle biopsy was performed intraoperatively from the gluteus muscle with the amount of 200-350 mg. The patient's walking ability was assessed in the polyclinic using the Timed Up and Go test 6 weeks postoperatively. The statistical tests used were descriptive statistics, proportion comparison analysis with the chi-square test, and multiple logistic regression test. Results: Univariate analysis using chi-square test proved HGS, MUAMA, CC, serum albumin level, and muscle fiber diameter as risk factors for inability to walk independently 6 weeks after bipolar hemiarthroplasty (p = 0.003, p = 0.003, p = 0.006, p = 0.044, and p = 0.000, respectively). Logistic regression test proved 3 direct risk factors for the inability to walk independently 6 weeks after bipolar hemiarthroplasty, namely MUAMA, serum albumin level, and muscle fiber diameter, as the strongest predictive factor (adjusted odds ratio, 63.12). Conclusions: Low MUAMA, serum albumin levels, and muscle fiber diameter are direct risk factors for the inability to walk independently in hip fracture patients 6 weeks after bipolar hemiarthroplasty.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas del Cuello Femoral , Hemiartroplastia , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Brazo/cirugía , Equilibrio Postural , Hemiartroplastia/efectos adversos , Fuerza de la Mano , Estudios de Tiempo y Movimiento , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Factores de Riesgo , Caminata , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas , Albúmina Sérica , Resultado del Tratamiento , Fracturas del Cuello Femoral/cirugía
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 322, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589787

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of elderly individuals worldwide, a greater number of people aged 80 years and older sustain fragility fracture due to osteopenia and osteoporosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 158 older adults, with a median age of 85 (range: 80-99) years, who sustained hip fragility fracture and who underwent surgery. The patients were divided into two groups, one including patients who joined the post-acute care (PAC) program after surgery and another comprising patients who did not. The mortality, complication, comorbidity, re-fracture, secondary fracture, and readmission rates and functional status (based on the Barthel index score, numerical rating scale score, and Harris Hip Scale score) between the two groups were compared. RESULTS: The patients who presented with fragility hip fracture and who joined the PAC rehabilitation program after the surgery had a lower rate of mortality, readmission rate, fracture (re-fracture and secondary fracture), and complications associated with fragility fracture, such as urinary tract infection, cerebrovascular accident, and pneumonia (acute coronary syndrome, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, or in-hospital cardiac arrest. CONCLUSIONS: PAC is associated with a lower rate of mortality and complications such as urinary tract infection, bed sore, and pneumonia in octogenarian and nonagenarian patients with hip fragility fracture.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Neumonía , Infecciones Urinarias , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos , Atención Subaguda , Octogenarios , Nonagenarios , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía
12.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD003376, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591743

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is an abnormal reduction in bone mass and bone deterioration, leading to increased fracture risk. Etidronate belongs to the bisphosphonate class of drugs which act to inhibit bone resorption by interfering with the activity of osteoclasts - bone cells that break down bone tissue. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2008. For clinical relevance, we investigated etidronate's effects on postmenopausal women stratified by fracture risk (low versus high). OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of intermittent/cyclic etidronate in the primary and secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women at lower and higher risk of fracture, respectively. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, two clinical trial registers, the websites of drug approval agencies, and the bibliographies of relevant systematic reviews. We identified eligible trials published between 1966 and February 2023. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials that assessed the benefits and harms of etidronate in the prevention of fractures for postmenopausal women. Women in the experimental arms must have received at least one year of etidronate, with or without other anti-osteoporotic drugs and concurrent calcium/vitamin D. Eligible comparators were placebo (i.e. no treatment; or calcium, vitamin D, or both) or another anti-osteoporotic drug. Major outcomes were clinical vertebral, non-vertebral, hip, and wrist fractures, withdrawals due to adverse events, and serious adverse events. We classified a study as secondary prevention if its population fulfilled one or more of the following hierarchical criteria: a diagnosis of osteoporosis, a history of vertebral fractures, a low bone mineral density T-score (≤ -2.5), or aged 75 years or older. If none of these criteria were met, we considered the study to be primary prevention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. The review has three main comparisons: (1) etidronate 400 mg/day versus placebo; (2) etidronate 200 mg/day versus placebo; (3) etidronate at any dosage versus another anti-osteoporotic agent. We stratified the analyses for each comparison into primary and secondary prevention studies. For major outcomes in the placebo-controlled studies of etidronate 400 mg/day, we followed our original review by defining a greater than 15% relative change as clinically important. For all outcomes of interest, we extracted outcome measurements at the longest time point in the study. MAIN RESULTS: Thirty studies met the review's eligibility criteria. Of these, 26 studies, with a total of 2770 women, reported data that we could extract and quantitatively synthesize. There were nine primary and 17 secondary prevention studies. We had concerns about at least one risk of bias domain in each study. None of the studies described appropriate methods for allocation concealment, although 27% described adequate methods of random sequence generation. We judged that only 8% of the studies avoided performance bias, and provided adequate descriptions of appropriate blinding methods. One-quarter of studies that reported efficacy outcomes were at high risk of attrition bias, whilst 23% of studies reporting safety outcomes were at high risk in this domain. The 30 included studies compared (1) etidronate 400 mg/day to placebo (13 studies: nine primary and four secondary prevention); (2) etidronate 200 mg/day to placebo (three studies, all secondary prevention); or (3) etidronate (both dosing regimens) to another anti-osteoporotic agent (14 studies: one primary and 13 secondary prevention). We discuss only the etidronate 400 mg/day versus placebo comparison here. For primary prevention, we collected moderate- to very low-certainty evidence from nine studies (one to four years in length) including 740 postmenopausal women at lower risk of fractures. Compared to placebo, etidronate 400 mg/day probably results in little to no difference in non-vertebral fractures (risk ratio (RR) 0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.20 to 1.61); absolute risk reduction (ARR) 4.8% fewer, 95% CI 8.9% fewer to 6.1% more) and serious adverse events (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.52 to 1.54; ARR 1.1% fewer, 95% CI 4.9% fewer to 5.3% more), based on moderate-certainty evidence. Etidronate 400 mg/day may result in little to no difference in clinical vertebral fractures (RR 3.03, 95% CI 0.32 to 28.44; ARR 0.02% more, 95% CI 0% fewer to 0% more) and withdrawals due to adverse events (RR 1.41, 95% CI 0.81 to 2.47; ARR 2.3% more, 95% CI 1.1% fewer to 8.4% more), based on low-certainty evidence. We do not know the effect of etidronate on hip fractures because the evidence is very uncertain (RR not estimable based on very low-certainty evidence). Wrist fractures were not reported in the included studies. For secondary prevention, four studies (two to four years in length) including 667 postmenopausal women at higher risk of fractures provided the evidence. Compared to placebo, etidronate 400 mg/day may make little or no difference to non-vertebral fractures (RR 1.07, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.58; ARR 0.9% more, 95% CI 3.8% fewer to 8.1% more), based on low-certainty evidence. The evidence is very uncertain about etidronate's effects on hip fractures (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.17 to 5.19; ARR 0.0% fewer, 95% CI 1.2% fewer to 6.3% more), wrist fractures (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.13 to 6.04; ARR 0.0% fewer, 95% CI 2.5% fewer to 15.9% more), withdrawals due to adverse events (RR 1.09, 95% CI 0.54 to 2.18; ARR 0.4% more, 95% CI 1.9% fewer to 4.9% more), and serious adverse events (RR not estimable), compared to placebo. Clinical vertebral fractures were not reported in the included studies. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: This update echoes the key findings of our previous review that etidronate probably makes or may make little to no difference to vertebral and non-vertebral fractures for both primary and secondary prevention.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Osteoporosis , Fracturas Osteoporóticas , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral , Fracturas de la Muñeca , Traumatismos de la Muñeca , Humanos , Femenino , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/prevención & control , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/inducido químicamente , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/tratamiento farmacológico , Ácido Etidrónico/uso terapéutico , Prevención Secundaria , Calcio , Posmenopausia , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral/prevención & control , Vitamina D , Traumatismos de la Muñeca/inducido químicamente , Traumatismos de la Muñeca/tratamiento farmacológico
13.
Clin Transplant ; 38(4): e15308, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581296

RESUMEN

Kidney transplant recipients are at high risk for fractures, primarily due to post-transplant bone disease. This retrospective cohort study analyzed data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service, including 10 083 kidney transplant recipients examined from 2009 to 2017. We assessed fracture incidence, emphasizing vertebral and hip fractures, and the association of physical activity and traditional risk factors with fracture risk. Kidney transplant recipients were categorized into three groups according to physical activity levels: non-activity, metabolic equivalent of task (MET) 1-499, and MET ≥500. Physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of all types of fractures: any (MET 1-499: adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) .75; 95% confidence interval (CI) .62-.92, MET ≥500: aHR .84; 95% CI .70-1.00), vertebral (MET 1-499: aHR .69; 95% CI .49-.98, MET ≥500: aHR .67; 95% CI .49-.91), and hip (MET 1-499: aHR .43; 95% CI .23-.81) fractures. Additionally, older age, female sex, and diabetes were associated with an increased fracture risk. The assessment of physical activity and traditional risk factors could improve fracture risk prediction. Our findings emphasize the need for further research to establish optimal physical activity recommendations for fracture prevention in kidney transplant recipients.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Trasplante de Riñón , Humanos , Femenino , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Retrospectivos , Trasplante de Riñón/efectos adversos , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/etiología , Factores de Riesgo , República de Corea/epidemiología , Receptores de Trasplantes
14.
Arch Osteoporos ; 19(1): 27, 2024 Apr 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600249

RESUMEN

Malnutrition is associated with complications and mortality in patients of hip fracture. Prealbumin may be more suitable than albumin to accurately predict the prognosis of hip fracture in elderly patients. We found that prealbumin concentration was nonlinearly associated with mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture, and an inflection point effect was observed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between prealbumin concentration at admission and mortality in elderly patients with hip fractures. METHODS: Elderly patients with hip fractures were screened between Jan 2015 and Sep 2019. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were collected. Linear and nonlinear multivariate Cox regression models were used to identify the association between prealbumin concentration at admission and mortality. All analyses were performed using EmpowerStats and the R software. RESULTS: This cohort study included 2387 patients who met the study criteria. The mean follow-up was 37.64 months. The prealbumin concentration was 162.67 ± 43.2 mg/L. Multivariate Cox regression showed that prealbumin concentration was associated with mortality in geriatric patients with hip fracture (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.95, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.93-0.97, P < 0.0001). In addition, an inflection point effect was observed in the nonlinear association. The inflection point was 162.2 mg/L. If it is less than this inflection point, then every 10 mg/L increase in prealbumin was associated with a 7% reduction in the risk of death (HR = 0.93, 95%CI: 0.90-0.96, P < 0.0001). When greater than the inflection point, there was no difference in the risk of death (HR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.95-1.03, P = 0.5127). CONCLUSION: The prealbumin concentrations at admission were nonlinearly associated with long-term mortality in geriatric hip fractures, and 162.2 mg/L could be considered a prognostic factor of mortality risk.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Prealbúmina , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Prealbúmina/análisis , Factores de Riesgo , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos
15.
Georgian Med News ; (347): 149-150, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609132

RESUMEN

Traditionally, it was believed that both proximal and distal locking are essential for achieving stability during intra-medullary fixation for extra-capsular hip fractures. However, recent literature has presented varying perspectives on the necessity of distal locking. Distal locking plays a significant role in managing hip fractures with uncertainties regarding longitudinal and rotational stability. This includes cases of comminuted intertrochanteric fractures with subtrochanteric extension, reverse oblique and high oblique fractures, broad medullary canals, comminution of the lateral wall, diaphyseal fractures, and large posteromedial fragments extending below the level of the lesser trochanter. In stable pertrochanteric fractures, with the lag screw passing through the lateral cortex of the distal fragment, may not require a distal locking screw. Distal locking has been associated with potential complications, including irritation of the fascia lata, prolonged operation time, increased radiation exposure, greater blood loss, implant loosening, secondary femoral stress fractures, and damage to the femoral artery. Thus, although distal locking is of doubtful significance in stable pertrochanteric fractures it is essential in unstable fracture patterns.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas del Fémur , Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Fracturas de Cadera/diagnóstico por imagen , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Tornillos Óseos , Arteria Femoral
16.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299996, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603691

RESUMEN

Maintaining post-operative mechanical stability is crucial for successfully healing intertrochanteric fractures treated with the Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) system. This stability is primarily dependent on the bone mineral density (BMD) and strain on the fracture. Current PFNA failure analyses often overlook the uncertainties related to BMD and body weight (BW). Therefore, this study aimed to develop a probabilistic model using finite element modeling and engineering reliability analysis to assess the post-operative performance of PFNA under various physiological loading conditions. The model predictions were validated through a series of experimental test. The results revealed a negative nonlinear relationship between the BMD and compressive strain. Conversely, the BW was positively and linearly correlated with the compressive strain. Importantly, the compressive strain was more sensitive to BW than to BMD when the BMD exceeded 0.6 g/cm3. Potential trabecular bone compression failure is also indicated if BMD is equal to or below 0.15 g/cm3 and BW increases to approximately 2.5 times the normal or higher. This study emphasizes that variations in the BMD significantly affect the probability of failure of a PFNA system. Thus, careful planning of post-operative physical therapy is essential. For patients aged > 50 years restrictions on high-intensity activities are advised, while limiting strenuous movements is recommended for those aged > 65 years.


Asunto(s)
Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas , Fracturas de Cadera , Humanos , Fijación Intramedular de Fracturas/métodos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Clavos Ortopédicos , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Fémur/diagnóstico por imagen , Fémur/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios Retrospectivos
17.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613102

RESUMEN

Hip fracture is a common condition in older adults, leading to disability and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated the association between nutritional status and the risk of a negative health outcome after fractures. In this systematic review, we evaluated the association between malnutrition and mortality, changes in mobility/living arrangements, and postoperative complications, such as delirium, in older patients with hip fractures. A literature search on the PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases, up to September 2023, was conducted to identify all studies involving older subjects that reported an association between MNA/GNRI/PNI/CONUT and health outcome after hip fracture. Meta-analysis was performed by a random-effects model using risk values (RR, OR, and HR) extracted from the 14 eligible selected studies. Malnutrition significantly increased the risk of any analyzed adverse outcome by 70% at 1 month, and up to 250% at 1 year. Malnutrition significantly increased delirium risk by 275% (OR = 2.75; 95% CI 1.80-4.18; p ≤ 0.05), mortality risk by 342% (OR = 3.42; 95% CI 2.14-5.48; p ≤ 0.05), mortality hazard risk by 351% (HR = 3.51; 95% CI 1.63-7.55; p ≤ 0.05) at 1 month, and transfer-to-more-supported-living-arrangements risk by 218% (OR = 2.18; 95% CI 1.58-3.01; p ≤ 0.05), and declined mobility risk by 41% (OR = 1.41; 95% CI 1.14-1.75; p ≤ 0.05), mortality risk by 368% (OR = 3.68; 95% CI 3.00-4.52; p ≤ 0.05), and mortality hazard risk by 234% (HR = 2.34; 95% CI 1.91-2.87; p ≤ 0.05) at 1 year. Malnutrition of older patients increases the risk of death and worsens mobility and independence after hip fractures. The results of the present study highlight the importance of nutritional status evaluation of older subjects with hip fractures in order to prevent potential adverse outcomes (Registration No: CRD42023468751).


Asunto(s)
Delirio , Fracturas de Cadera , Desnutrición , Humanos , Anciano , Fracturas de Cadera/complicaciones , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Desnutrición/complicaciones , Estado Nutricional , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud
18.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e943587, 2024 Apr 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615190

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND Deep vein thrombosis is a common pre- and post-operative complication in older patients with osteoporotic hip fractures. Pre-operative thrombus can increase the risk of surgery. This study examined the association between the time from fracture to admission (injury-admission time) and deep vein thrombosis in older patients with osteoporotic hip fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS Doppler ultrasound screening of deep lower-extremity veins was performed in patients with osteoporotic hip fractures between June 2019 and December 2021. Clinical data, including medical history, injury-admission time, and laboratory tests, were collected retrospectively. RESULTS Of the 439 patients, deep vein thrombosis was found in 139 (31.66%). The injury-admission time was significantly longer in the thrombosis group, which was positively associated with deep vein thrombosis (odds ratio 1.010, 95% confidence interval 1.003-1.017). The area under the curve to predict deep vein thrombosis was 0.619. The best cut-off value, sensitivity, and specificity were 21 h, 46.76%, and 75%, respectively. When the injury-admission period exceeded 21 h, the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis was 45.8% and the thrombosis incidence was significantly higher than in the <21 h group (24.9%). CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that screening for deep vein thrombosis should be routinely performed for patients with osteoporotic hip fractures, particularly for those with injury-admission time ≥21 h.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Fracturas Osteoporóticas , Trombosis , Trombosis de la Vena , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Fracturas de Cadera/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Trombosis de la Vena/complicaciones , Trombosis de la Vena/epidemiología
19.
Arch Osteoporos ; 19(1): 23, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564062

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In 2018, a grant was provided for an evidence-based guideline on osteoporosis and fracture prevention based on 10 clinically relevant questions. METHODS: A multidisciplinary working group was formed with delegates from Dutch scientific and professional societies, including representatives from the patient's organization and the Dutch Institute for Medical Knowledge. The purpose was to obtain a broad consensus among all participating societies to facilitate the implementation of the updated guideline. RESULTS: Novel recommendations in our guideline are as follows: - In patients with an indication for DXA of the lumbar spine and hips, there is also an indication for VFA. - Directly starting with anabolic drugs (teriparatide or romosozumab) in patients with a very high fracture risk; - Directly starting with zoledronic acid in patients 75 years and over with a hip fracture (independent of DXA); - Directly starting with parenteral drugs (denosumab, teriparatide, zoledronic acid) in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis with very high fracture risk; - A lifelong fracture risk management, including lifestyle, is indicated from the start of the first treatment. CONCLUSION: In our new multidisciplinary guideline osteoporosis and fracture prevention, we developed 5 "relatively new statements" that are all a crucial step forward in the optimization of diagnosis and treatment for fracture prevention. We also developed 5 flowcharts, and we suppose that this may be helpful for individual doctors and their patients in daily practice and may facilitate implementation.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Osteoporosis , Humanos , Teriparatido , Ácido Zoledrónico , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Etnicidad , Fracturas de Cadera/prevención & control
20.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298804, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574013

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim was to compare the probability of discharge after hip fracture surgery conditional on being alive and in hospital between patients mobilised within and beyond 36-hours of surgery across groups defined by depression. METHODS: Data were taken from the National Hip Fracture Database and included patients 60 years of age or older who underwent hip fracture surgery in England and Wales between 2014 and 2016. The conditional probability of postsurgical live discharge was estimated for patients mobilised early and for patients mobilised late across groups with and without depression. The association between mobilisation timing and the conditional probability of live discharge were also estimated separately through adjusted generalized linear models. RESULTS: Data were analysed for 116,274 patients. A diagnosis of depression was present in 8.31% patients. In those with depression, 7,412 (76.7%) patients mobilised early. In those without depression, 84,085 (78.9%) patients mobilised early. By day 30 after surgery, the adjusted odds ratio of discharge among those who mobilised early compared to late was 1.79 (95% CI: 1.56-2.05, p<0.001) and 1.92 (95% CI: 1.84-2.00, p<0.001) for those with and without depression, respectively. CONCLUSION: A similar proportion of patients with depression mobilised early after hip fracture surgery when compared to those without a diagnosis of depression. The association between mobilisation timing and time to live discharge was observed for patients with and without depression.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera , Alta del Paciente , Humanos , Depresión/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Fracturas de Cadera/diagnóstico , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Inglaterra/epidemiología
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