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1.
Angle Orthod ; 88(6): 779-784, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30080125

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES:: To compare the effects of different etching techniques, 12-, 24-bladed tungsten carbide burs, and polishing discs on tooth color changes during orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: 59 individuals (mean age: 15.20 ± 1.59 years) were divided into four groups: 37% phosphoric acid and adhesive primer was used in Groups I and II whereas self-etch primer was used in Groups III and IV for enamel preparation. After orthodontic treatment, residual adhesives were cleaned with 12-bladed tungsten carbide burs in Groups I and III, while 24-bladed tungsten carbide burs were used in Groups II and IV. All teeth were polished with medium and fine Sof-Lex XT discs (3M ESPE, St Paul, Minnesota). Color measurements were taken from upper incisors and canines at pretreatment (T0), after cleaning with tungsten carbide burs (T1) and polishing with discs (T2). Wilcoxon test was used for evaluation of L*, a*, b* changes and Kruskal-Wallis for intergroup comparison of color changes. RESULTS:: L*, a*, b* values, except a* at Groups I, II, IV, and b* at Group III, changed significantly ( P < .05). Groups III and IV showed significantly different color alterations from T0 to T1 ( P < .05). After polishing, tooth color alterations were not significantly different among the groups. CONCLUSIONS:: In self-etch bonding groups, a 12-bladed tungsten carbide bur caused less color change than the 24-bladed tungsten carbide bur. Orthodontic treatment resulted with visible and clinically unacceptable tooth color alterations regardless of the enamel preparation and clean-up techniques. Polishing reduced the effect of tungsten carbide burs, but did not affect the total influence of orthodontic treatment on the tooth color.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Desconsolidación Dental/efectos adversos , Decoloración de Dientes/etiología , Adolescente , Color , Cementos Dentales/efectos adversos , Pulido Dental/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Soportes Ortodóncicos/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(9): 2989-2996, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29453496

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of silorane-based composite restorations applied after different surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This controlled and randomized clinical trial included 26 patients with class I restoration indications. The teeth were randomly assigned to the following treatments: control 1/G1, silorane specific self-etching adhesive (P90 self-etch primer and bond) + silorane-based composite resin (Filtek™ P90 low shrink posterior restorative); G2, 37% phosphoric acid + silorane specific self-etching adhesive + silorane-based composite resin; G3, blasting with aluminum oxide + silorane specific self-etching adhesive + silorane-based composite resin; and control 2/G4, self-etching adhesive (Adper™ SE Plus self-etch adhesive) + dimethacrylate-based composite resin (Filtek™ P60 posterior restorative). The clinical performance was evaluated at baseline and after 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 141 restorations were made and evaluated. For all clinical criteria evaluated, no significant difference was found between the surface treatments at baseline and after 1 year (p > 0.05). After 1 year, only the group with 37% phosphoric acid + silorane specific self-etching adhesive (G2) showed a significant reduction in marginal adaptation (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In general, all surface treatments showed an adequate clinical performance for silorane-based composite resin in class I restorations. However, a reduction in the marginal adaptation after 1 year was found when additional phosphoric acid etching was used prior to silorane specific self-etching adhesive. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of phosphoric acid etching prior to specific self-etching adhesive can adversely affect the marginal adaptation of silorane-based restorations.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas/química , Caries Dental/terapia , Restauración Dental Permanente/métodos , Recubrimientos Dentinarios/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Doble Ciego , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Propiedades de Superficie , Resultado del Tratamiento
3.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 9(1)2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28762669

RESUMEN

AIM: The clinical significance of acid etching prior to orthodontic bonding is controversial. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of 15 seconds of acid etching on enamel demineralization. METHODS: Twenty-seven human molars were sectioned and assigned to two groups. Under standardized conditions, the enamel surfaces were imaged using FluoreCam to obtain baseline data. Group 1 was etched using 37% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds, rinsed with water, and then imaged again; group 2 was only rinsed with water. Water rinse was collected for calcium chemical analysis using inductively-coupled plasma auger electron spectrometry. Both groups were subjected to 9 days of pH cycling, after which final FluoreCam images were obtained. RESULTS: Group 1 showed a significant increase in lesion area (P=.012), decrease in light intensity (P=.009), and decrease in impact (P=.007) after acid etching. The amount of calcium that leached out over the 15 seconds was 14 ppm ±2.4 (0.35 mmol/L±0.06). Following pH cycling, there was no statistically-significant between-group difference in overall enamel demineralization. CONCLUSION: Initial demineralization caused by 15 seconds of acid etching does not increase enamel susceptibility to further demineralization. This suggests that acid etching does not increase the risk of developing white spot lesions during orthodontics.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Caries Dental/inducido químicamente , Ácidos Fosfóricos/efectos adversos , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental/diagnóstico , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Esmalte Dental/patología , Fluorescencia , Humanos , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Ensayo de Materiales , Diente Molar/patología , Ortodoncia , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo , Desmineralización Dental/inducido químicamente
4.
J Investig Clin Dent ; 9(1)2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28608463

RESUMEN

AIM: Dentine affected by amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is histologically altered due to loss of hypoplastic enamel and becomes hypermineralized. In the present study, we examined the effect of additional acid etching on microtensile bond strength of a self-etch adhesive to AI-affected dentine. METHODS: Flat coronal dentine obtained from extracted AI-affected and non-carious permanent molars were allocated to two groups: (a) Clearfil SE Bond (control); and (b) Clearfil SE Bond and additional etching with 34% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds. The bonded teeth were sectioned into .8-mm2 beams for microtensile bond strength testing, and stressed to failure under tension. The bond strength data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance (dentine type and etching step) and Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (P<.05). Representative fractured beams from each group were examined under scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: Both factors, dentine substrate (P<.001) and etching step (P<.05), and their interactions (P<.001), were statistically significant. Additional etching had an adverse effect on the bond strength of Clearfil SE Bond to normal dentine (P<.005), and no significant improvement was found for AI-affected dentine (P=.479). CONCLUSION: Additional acid etching does not improve the bond strength of a self-etch adhesive to AI-affected dentine.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Amelogénesis Imperfecta/patología , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Recubrimientos Dentinarios/química , Dentina/efectos de los fármacos , Dentina/patología , Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Análisis de Varianza , Resinas Compuestas/química , Restauración Dental Permanente/métodos , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Diente Molar/patología , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cementos de Resina , Estrés Mecánico , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción , Factores de Tiempo
5.
J Prosthet Dent ; 119(2): 278-285, 2018 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28552291

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Hydrofluoric acid etching modifies the cementation surface of ceramic restorations, which is the same surface where failure is initiated. Information regarding the influence of hydrofluoric acid etching on the cyclic loads to failure of ceramic crowns is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the influence of different hydrofluoric acid concentrations on the fatigue failure loads of feldspathic ceramic crowns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty feldspathic ceramic crowns were cemented with resin cement to identical simplified complete crown preparations machined in a dentin-like polymer. The preparations were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 60 seconds and received a primer coating. Before cementation, the intaglio of the ceramic crowns was treated with 1 of 4 surface conditionings (n=20): nonconditioned (control, CTRL), or etched for 60 seconds with different hydrofluoric acid concentrations: 1% (HF1), 5% (HF5), and 10% (HF10). A silane coupling agent was applied on this surface of all crowns, which were cemented to the preparations. Each crown was cyclically loaded in water with a G10 epoxy-glass piston positioned in the center of the occlusal surface. Fatigue failure loads of ceramic crowns were obtained by the staircase approach after 500000 cycles at 20 Hz. Mean failure loads were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA and the Tukey test (α=.05). RESULTS: Mean failure loads of groups CTRL (245.0 ±15.1 N), HF1 (242.5 ±24.7 N), and HF10 (255.7 ±53.8 N) were statistically similar (P>.05), while that of the HF5 group (216.7 ±22.5 N) was significantly lower (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: HF5 acid had a negative effect on the fatigue loads of the tested feldspathic ceramic crowns, while HF1 and HF10 acids did not change the fatigue resistance.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Cerámica , Coronas , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Ácido Fluorhídrico/uso terapéutico , Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Cerámica/efectos adversos , Coronas/efectos adversos , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Ácido Fluorhídrico/administración & dosificación , Ácido Fluorhídrico/efectos adversos , Técnicas In Vitro , Soporte de Peso
6.
Trials ; 17: 404, 2016 08 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27527342

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Current concepts in conservative dentistry advocate minimally invasive dentistry and pulp vitality preservation. Moreover, complete removal of carious dentin in deep carious lesions often leads to pulp exposure and root canal treatment, despite the absence of irreversible pulp inflammation. For years, partial caries removal has been performed on primary teeth, but little evidence supports its effectiveness for permanent teeth. Furthermore, the recent development of new antibacterial adhesive systems could be interesting in the treatment of such lesions. The objectives of this study are to compare the effectiveness of partial versus complete carious dentin removal in deep lesions (primary objective) and the use of an antibacterial versus a traditional two-step self-etch adhesive system (main secondary objective). METHODS/DESIGN: The DEep CAries Treatment (DECAT) study protocol is a multicenter, randomized, controlled superiority trial comparing partial versus complete caries removal followed by adhesive restoration. The minimum sample size required is 464 patients. Two successive randomizations will be performed (allocation ratio 1:1): the first for the type of excavation (partial versus complete) and the second (if no root canal treatment is required) for the type of adhesive (antibacterial versus traditional). For the two objectives, the outcome is the success of the treatment after 1 year, measured according to a composite outcome of five FDI criteria: material fracture and retention, marginal adaptation, radiographic examination (including apical pathologies), postoperative sensitivity and tooth vitality, and carious lesion recurrence. DISCUSSION: The study will investigate the interest of a conservative approach for the management of deep carious lesions in terms of dentin excavation and bioactive adhesive systems. The results may help practitioners achieve the most efficient restorative procedure to maintain pulp vitality and increase the restoration longevity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT02286388 . Registered in November 2014.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Caries Dental/terapia , Cementos Dentales/uso terapéutico , Recubrimiento de la Pulpa Dental/métodos , Dentina/efectos de los fármacos , Dentina/cirugía , Materiales de Recubrimiento Pulpar y Pulpectomía/uso terapéutico , Pulpectomía/métodos , Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Antibacterianos/efectos adversos , Niño , Protocolos Clínicos , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/efectos adversos , Caries Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Caries Dental/microbiología , Cementos Dentales/efectos adversos , Recubrimiento de la Pulpa Dental/efectos adversos , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagen , Dentina/microbiología , Femenino , Francia , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Materiales de Recubrimiento Pulpar y Pulpectomía/efectos adversos , Pulpectomía/efectos adversos , Radiografía Dental , Tamaño de la Muestra , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
7.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 28(3): 445-448, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28712210

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: When a light cure composite resin is used to restore a class V lesion, certain stresses are generated at the tooth-restoration interface. If these stresses exceed the bond strength of the restorative material, microscopic gaps are formed which eventually cause micro-leakage at the tooth-restoration interface. The objective of the present study was to compare the micro-leakage values at the tooth-restoration interface using dye penetration method between a Nano filled and a Micro hybrid light cured composite resin in class V cavities using the self-etch technique. METHODS: Sixty class V cavities were made coronal to the cemento-enamel junction in the extracted premolars. These were then randomly divided into two study groups. Group A: Self-etch; filled with P-60 (microhybrid) n=30. Group B: Self-etch; filled with Z-350 (nano-filled) n=30. Specimens were subjected to thermo-cycling at 5-55 °C±2 °C with a 30 seconds dwell time. After which they were stained with 2% methylene blue. Later, sectioned bucco-lingually and examined using a stereo microscope (magnification X4) at the occlusal, axial and gingival surfaces. Micro-leakage around the toothrestoration interface was assessed by using the degree of dye penetration in millimetres. RESULTS: There was 100% micro leakage seen at both the occlusal and gingival surfaces when using the P-60 composite. With the Z-350 composite 84% occlusal and 88% of the gingival surfaces exhibited microleakage.. CONCLUSIONS: With respect to micro-leakage in class V cavities, Z-350 was found to be a superior restorative material compared to P-60 on the occlusal surface. Overall, there is no statistically significant difference in the micro-leakage exhibited by the two restorative materials in class V preparations subjected to self-etch protocol.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Resinas Compuestas , Filtración Dental/etiología , Nanocompuestos , Caries Dental/clasificación , Preparación de la Cavidad Dental , Filtración Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Restauración Dental Permanente , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro
8.
Orthod Fr ; 86(3): 233-44, 2015 Sep.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26370594

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of information with regard to the susceptibility of iatrogenic white spot lesion formation after inattentive, surplus orthodontic etching with 30% phosphoric acid and the subsequent provision or absence of adequate oral hygiene. METHODS: Ninety sound enamel specimens were randomly allocated to 6 trial groups (N = 15 each) for etching with 30% phosphoric acid for either 15 seconds and standardized daily enamel brushing or no brushing, etching for 30 seconds with daily brushing or no brushing, or nonetched controls with brushing or no brushing. Nutritive acidic assaults were simulated by demineralization cycles 3 times per day for 1 hour with interim storage in artificial saliva. Lesion depths in terms of percentage of fluorescence loss (delta F, delta Q) and lesion extension compared with the baseline were assessed by using quantitative light-induced fluorescence after 2, 7, 14, 21, and 42 days. Etching duration, trial time elapse, and oral hygiene, as well as the significance of factor interactions, were analyzed with 3-way analysis of variance (α=5%). RESULTS: The impact of the factors of enamel brushing, trial time elapse, and etching each had a comparably significant effect on lesion progression. The effect of surplus etching on white spot lesion formation was significantly enhanced by the simultaneous absence of enamel brushing and also the progression of trial time. The combination of 30 seconds of surplus etching with inadequate oral hygiene was especially detrimental. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive surplus orthodontic etching of the complete labial enamel surface, instead of the bracket bases only, must be avoided to prevent iatrogenic white spot lesions. Etching times not exceeding 15 seconds are favorable.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Caries Dental/inducido químicamente , Enfermedad Iatrogénica , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Ácidos Fosfóricos/efectos adversos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades , Fluorescencia , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Distribución Aleatoria , Saliva Artificial/química , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo , Desmineralización Dental/inducido químicamente , Remineralización Dental , Cepillado Dental/métodos
9.
Head Face Med ; 11: 32, 2015 Sep 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26407628

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of etching time with 15% hydrochloric acid (HCl) on the enamel surface destruction by studying the resulting roughness and erosion depth. METHODS: The vestibular surfaces of 12 extracted, caries free human incisors were divided into four quadrants, and each quadrant was etched with 15% HCl for different numbers of etching cycles (1×2, 2×2, 3×2 and 4×2 min). Surface roughness and erosion depth were measured quantitatively with optical profilometry, and the surface morphology was imaged with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: After two minutes of 15% HCl application a median enamel substance loss of 34.02 µm was observed. Lengthening of etching time (2×2, 3×2 and 4×2 min) resulted in significantly increase in erosion depth to each additionally, between 13.28 -15.16 µm (p < 0.05) ending up in a total median enamel surface loss of 77 µm. Regarding surface roughness no significant (p > 0.05) difference was found between unetched enamel and the etched enamel surfaces. CONCLUSION: Repeated 15% HCl conditioning of the enamel surface increases the depth of the etched surface erosion. However, the total erosion depth is rather shallow and therefore negligible.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Ácido Clorhídrico/efectos adversos , Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Humanos , Ácido Clorhídrico/uso terapéutico , Incisivo , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Propiedades de Superficie
12.
Ortodontia ; 47(2): 122-127, mar.-abr. 2014. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: lil-715788

RESUMEN

Esta pesquisa avaliou a resistência de união ao cisalhamento de braquetes metálicos (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics) fixados à cerâmica, variando condicionamento ácido, aplicação do silano e ciclagem térmica. Quanto ao silano, comparou-se o Clearfil Ceramic Primer, que contém um monômero ácido em sua formulação, com o Rely X Ceramic Primer, desprovido do monômero. Foram confeccionados 120 discos em cerâmica IPS Empress Esthetic (Ivoclar) com 8 mm de diâmetro por 5 mm de espessura e separados em oito grupos (n=15): Grupos 1, 2, 5 e 6: ácido fluorídrico a 10% por um minuto; Grupos 1 a 4: silano com monômero ácido; Grupos 5 a 8: silano sem monômero ácido; Grupos 1, 3, 5 e 7: 1.000 ciclos de 5°C e 55°C, 30 segundos cada banho. Em seguida, os braquetes foram fixados à cerâmica com o compósito Transbond XT e fotoativados com luz emitida por diodo (LED – UltraLume 5), com 1100 mW/cm2. As amostras foram estocadas em água destilada a 37°C por 24 horas e submetidas ao teste de resistência ao cisalhamento em uma máquina de ensaio Instron à velocidade de 0,5 mm/min. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e ao teste de Tukey (p < 0,05). Obtiveram significância estatística o aumento da adesividade com o condicionamento ácido e a redução de resistência com a ciclagem térmica. Na comparação entre os silanos, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante. Todos os experimentos atingiram valores de resistência superiores aos estabelecidos para uso clínico.


This study evaluated the shear bond strength of metallic brackets (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics) bonded to ceramic, varying acid etching, silane application, and thermocycling. Concerning silane, Clearfil Ceramic Primer, which contains an acid monomer in its formulation, was compared to Rely X Ceramic Primer, devoid of this monomer. 120 IPS Empress Esthetic (Ivoclar) ceramic disks were made with a diameter of 8 mm and thickness of 5 mm. The specimens were divided into eight groups (n=15): Groups 1, 2, 5, 6: hydrofluoric acid 10% for one minute; Groups 1 to 4: silane with acid monomer; Groups 5 to 8: silane without acid monomer; Groups 1, 3, 5, 7: thermocycled 1,000 times at 5°C and 55°C for 30 seconds. After that, the brackets were bonded to the ceramic with Transbond XT composite and cured with light-emitting diode (LED – Ultralume 5) at 1100 mW/cm². All samples were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours and submitted to shear bond strength test in an Instron testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were submitted both to Anova and Tukey’s Test (p < 0,05). Statistical significance was found both in the adhesiveness increase with the acid etching as well as in the resistance decrease with thermocycling. By comparing the silanes, no statistical significance was found. All the experiments reached shear bond strength values higher than those established for clinical use.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Cerámica , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Resistencia al Corte , Silanos
13.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; (11): CD005516, 2013 Nov 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24272130

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Acid etching of tooth surfaces to promote the bonding of orthodontic attachments to the enamel has been a routine procedure in orthodontic treatment since the 1960s. Various types of orthodontic etchants and etching techniques have been introduced in the past five decades. Although a large amount of information on this topic has been published, there is a significant lack of consensus regarding the clinical effects of different dental etchants and etching techniques. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of different dental etchants and different etching techniques for the bonding of fixed orthodontic appliances. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register (to 8 March 2013), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2013, Issue 2), MEDLINE via OVID (to 8 March 2013), EMBASE via OVID (to 8 March 2013), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (to 12 March 2011), the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (to 8 March 2013) and the National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials Registry (to 8 March 2013). A handsearching group updated the handsearching of journals, carried out as part of the Cochrane Worldwide Handsearching Programme, to the most current issue. There were no restrictions regarding language or date of publication. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different etching materials, or different etching techniques using the same etchants, for the bonding of fixed orthodontic brackets to incisors, canines and premolars in children and adults. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors extracted data and assessed the risk of bias of included studies independently and in duplicate. We resolved disagreements by discussion among the review team. We contacted the corresponding authors of the included studies to obtain additional information, if necessary. MAIN RESULTS: We included 13 studies randomizing 417 participants with 7184 teeth/brackets. We assessed two studies (15%) as being at low risk of bias, 10 studies (77%) as being at high risk of bias and one study (8%) as being at unclear risk of bias. Self etching primers (SEPs) versus conventional etchantsEleven studies compared the effects of SEPs with conventional etchants. Only five of these studies (three of split-mouth design and two of parallel design) reported data at the participant level, with the remaining studies reporting at the tooth level, thus ignoring clustering/the paired nature of the data. A meta-analysis of these five studies, with follow-up ranging from 5 to 37 months, provided low-quality evidence that was insufficient to determine whether or not there is a difference in bond failure rate between SEPs and convention etchants (risk ratio 1.14; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.75 to 1.73; 221 participants). The uncertainty in the CI includes both no effect and appreciable benefit and harm. Subgroup analysis did not show a difference between split-mouth and parallel studies.There were no data available to allow assessment of the outcomes: decalcification, participant satisfaction and cost-effectiveness. One study reported decalcification, but only at the tooth level. SEPs versus SEPsTwo studies compared two different SEPs. Both studies reported bond failure rate, with one of the studies also reporting decalcification. However, as both studies reported outcomes only at the tooth level, there were no data available to evaluate the superiority of any of the SEPs over the others investigated with regards to any of the outcomes of this review.We did not find any eligible studies evaluating different etching materials (e.g. phosphoric acid, polyacrylic acid, maleic acid), concentrations or etching times. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found low-quality evidence that was insufficient to conclude whether or not there is a difference in bond failure rate between SEPs and conventional etching systems when bonding fixed orthodontic appliances over a 5- to 37-month follow-up. Insufficient data were also available to allow any conclusions to be formed regarding the superiority of SEPs or conventional etching for the outcomes: decalcification, participant satisfaction and cost-effectiveness, or regarding the superiority of different etching materials, concentrations or etching times, or of any one SEP over another. Further well-designed RCTs on this topic are needed to provide more evidence in order to answer these clinical questions.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Cementación/métodos , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Cementación/efectos adversos , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Desmineralización Dental/inducido químicamente
15.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 24(8): 2047-55, 2013 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23625320

RESUMEN

Rough implant surfaces have shown improved osseointegration rates. In a majority of dental implants, the microrough surfaces are obtained by grit blasting and/or acid-etching. The aim of this contribution was to evaluate the effects of acid-etching, after the grit-blasted treatment in titanium dental implants, on surface wettability, surface energy, osteoblast responses and its osseointegration behavior. Four surfaces were studied: as-machined, acid-etched, micro-rough by grit-blasting and the combination grit-blasted surface with acid-etched. The surfaces with increasing roughness show more osteoblastic adhered cells. This effect was most pronounced on samples blasted and blasted with acid-etching. The roughness obtained by grit-blasting is the main factor in comparison with the acid etching treatment in the biological response. These results were confirmed in vivo tests and histological analysis. The results demonstrated that the combination of the grit-blasted and acid-etched accelerated lightly bone regeneration at the different periods of implantation in comparison with the grit-blasted implants.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental , Implantación Dental Endoósea/instrumentación , Implantes Dentales , Oseointegración/fisiología , Titanio/química , Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Animales , Células Cultivadas , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Análisis de Falla de Equipo , Femenino , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Osteoblastos/citología , Osteoblastos/efectos de los fármacos , Osteoblastos/fisiología , Conejos , Propiedades de Superficie , Factores de Tiempo , Titanio/farmacología
16.
J Adhes Dent ; 15(2): 107-14, 2013 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23534014

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the composite-to-enamel bond following double etching of the enamel using phosphoric acid and different self-etching (SE) bonding systems with and without the application of their respective acidic primers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The enamel surfaces of 90 human molars were ground (600 grit) flat and randomly divided into nine groups (n = 10). Three two-step SE systems (AdheSE, ASE; Clearfil SE Bond, CSE; OptiBond Solo Plus SE, OSE) were tested, both with and without primer application on enamel pre-etched with phosphoric acid under dry bonding conditions. As the controls, the SE systems were applied according to their original directions without pre-etching. All the specimens were built up with a microhybrid composite resin (Arabesk Top). After water storage for 24 h at 37°C, the bonded specimens were sheared to failure in the Zwicki 1120. Etching and failure patterns were evaluated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Shear bond strength was analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Failure modes were analyzed with Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Without pre-etching, CSE showed significantly higher bond strengths than ASE and OSE (p < 0.05). Enamel etching prior to the application of the SE systems tended to result in higher bond strengths, but significantly increased the values only for ASE (p < 0.05). Contamination of the pre-etched enamel with the SE primer decreased the bond strength by values of 19% for ASE (p > 0.05), 36% for CSE (p < 0.05), and 75% for OSE (p < 0.05). SEM analysis showed that omission of the priming step significantly increased the number of cohesive failures within the resin for OSE (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Additional etching with phosphoric acid before the application of SE systems does not necessarily result in better enamel bonding, since unavoidable primer contamination of the pre-etched enamel was shown to significantly reduce the bond strength for two of the three systems tested.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Cementos de Resina/efectos adversos , Resinas Acrílicas/efectos adversos , Análisis de Varianza , Distribución de Chi-Cuadrado , Resinas Compuestas , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Metacrilatos/efectos adversos , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Resistencia al Corte , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
17.
Dent Mater J ; 32(1): 181-8, 2013.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23370888

RESUMEN

Orthodontists use a self-etching adhesive system when attaching brackets to enamel. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the erosion effects of common clinically used adhesive systems on human enamel surfaces by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Four commercially available adhesive systems (i. e., Kurasper F, Beauty Ortho Bond, Orthophia LC, and Transbond XT) were applied to ground enamel surfaces of extracted human teeth. Enamel surface roughness (ESR), absolute depth profile (ADP), and surface hardness were evaluated by AFM. The ESR and ADP were significantly higher after the pretreatment with the phosphoric acid-etching adhesive system than after the pretreatments with the three self-etching adhesive systems. The surface nanohardness decreased after the pretreatment with the phosphoric acid-etching adhesive system but increased after the pretreatments with the self-etching adhesive systems. These results suggest that the use of a self-etching primer for enamel conditioning might prevent decalcification caused by phosphoric acid etching.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/métodos , Cementos Dentales/química , Esmalte Dental/química , Desmineralización Dental/prevención & control , Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Análisis de Varianza , Humanos , Microscopía de Fuerza Atómica , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Ácidos Fosfóricos/efectos adversos , Propiedades de Superficie , Desmineralización Dental/inducido químicamente
18.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 141(5): 574-82, 2012 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22554751

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of information with regard to the susceptibility of iatrogenic white spot lesion formation after inattentive, surplus orthodontic etching with 30% phosphoric acid and the subsequent provision or absence of adequate oral hygiene. METHODS: Ninety sound enamel specimens were randomly allocated to 6 trial groups (n = 15 each) for etching with 30% phosphoric acid for either 15 seconds and standardized daily enamel brushing or no brushing, etching for 30 seconds with daily brushing or no brushing, or nonetched controls with brushing or no brushing. Nutritive acidic assaults were simulated by demineralization cycles 3 times per day for 1 hour with interim storage in artificial saliva. Lesion depths in terms of percentage of fluorescence loss (delta F, delta Q) and lesion extension compared with the baseline were assessed by using quantitative light-induced fluorescence after 2, 7, 14, 21, and 42 days. Etching duration, trial time elapse, and oral hygiene, as well as the significance of factor interactions, were analyzed with 3-way analysis of variance (α = 5%). RESULTS: The impact of the factors of enamel brushing, trial time elapse, and etching each had a comparably significant effect on lesion progression. The effect of surplus etching on white spot lesion formation was significantly enhanced by the simultaneous absence of enamel brushing and also the progression of trial time. The combination of 30 seconds of surplus etching with inadequate oral hygiene was especially detrimental. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive surplus orthodontic etching of the complete labial enamel surface, instead of the bracket bases only, must be avoided to prevent iatrogenic white spot lesions. Etching times not exceeding 15 seconds are favorable.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Susceptibilidad a Caries Dentarias , Caries Dental/etiología , Esmalte Dental/patología , Desmineralización Dental/inducido químicamente , Caries Dental/prevención & control , Pruebas de Actividad de Caries Dental , Esmalte Dental/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Desmineralización Dental/complicaciones , Desmineralización Dental/patología
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 16(1): 15-23, 2012 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22065247

RESUMEN

Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is commonly used for conditioning the glass ceramics either prior to cementation or for intraoral repair in prosthetic and restorative dentistry. The present study offers a review of chemical properties of HF used, highlight the possible hazardous effects of this agent, and to recommend the treatment approach for potential risks. Available published information documented in PubMed, Medline, and Picarta literature databases was reviewed. Additional information was derived from scientific reports, medical and chemical textbooks, handbooks, product information, manufacturers' instructions, Internet web sites of the HF manufacturers. No report was found on the incidence of the hazardous effects of HF in dentistry. Reports from other fields presented incidences of acute and chronic symptoms in exposure to HF. While acute symptoms include skin or nail burns, chronic ones involve systemic toxicity, eye injuries, inhalation and ingestion-related symptoms that can be even fatal. HF can be harmful and particularly aggressive to soft tissues, but symptoms may not be apparent immediately after exposure. The hazardous effects are not based on the pH value, but on the toxicity of HF. Potential hazards of HF known from other applications than dentistry should be considered also in dental applications. Especially the clinicians, who often deal with adhesive cementation or repair of glass ceramics, should take necessary precautions for possible hazards of HF.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Sustancias Peligrosas/efectos adversos , Ácido Fluorhídrico/efectos adversos , Quemaduras Químicas/etiología , Odontólogos , Sustancias Peligrosas/toxicidad , Humanos , Ácido Fluorhídrico/química , Ácido Fluorhídrico/toxicidad , Exposición Profesional , Equipos de Seguridad , Factores de Riesgo
20.
Clin Oral Investig ; 16(3): 857-66, 2012 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21655909

RESUMEN

A close spatial correlation has been described between the roughness of intraoral materials and the rate of bacterial colonisation. The aim of the present study in man was to conduct a comparative immunohistochemical evaluation of the inflammatory infiltrate, microvessel density, the nitric oxide synthases 1 and 3 and the vascular endothelial growth factor expression, the proliferative activity, and the B and T lymphocyte and histiocyte positivity in the peri-implant soft tissues around machined and acid-etched titanium healing caps. Ten patients participated in this study. The patients were enrolled consecutively. All patients received dental implants left to heal in a non-submerged mode. Healing caps were inserted in all implants. Half of the implants were supplied randomly with machined caps of titanium (control), while the other half were provided randomly with acid-etched titanium caps (test). After a 6-month healing period, a gingival biopsy was performed with a circular scalpel around the healing caps of both groups. The inflammatory infiltrate was mostly present in test specimens. Their extension was much larger than that of the control samples. A higher number of T and B lymphocytes were observed in test specimens. Higher values of microvessel density and a higher expression of vascular endothelial growth factor intensity were observed in the test samples. Furthermore, the Ki-67, NOS1 and NOS3 expression was significantly higher in the test specimens. All these results showed that the tissues around test healing caps underwent a higher rate of restorative processes, most probably correlated to the higher inflammation processes observed in these tissues.


Asunto(s)
Grabado Ácido Dental/efectos adversos , Pilares Dentales/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales , Encía/metabolismo , Periimplantitis/etiología , Adulto , Anciano , Pulido Dental , Femenino , Encía/irrigación sanguínea , Encía/inmunología , Histiocitos/inmunología , Humanos , Mediadores de Inflamación/metabolismo , Isoenzimas/biosíntesis , Linfocitos/inmunología , Masculino , Microvasos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Óxido Nítrico Sintasa/biosíntesis , Periimplantitis/inmunología , Periimplantitis/metabolismo , Estudios Prospectivos , Método Simple Ciego , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular/biosíntesis , Cicatrización de Heridas
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