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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806951

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has become a public health emergency of international concern, which may have affected lifestyle habits and mental health. Based on national health profile assessments, this study investigated perceived changes of lifestyle habits in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and associations between perceived lifestyle changes and mental health in Swedish working adults. Among 5599 individuals (50% women, 46.3 years), the majority reported no change (sitting 77%, daily physical activity 71%, exercise 69%, diet 87%, alcohol 90%, and smoking 97%) due to the pandemic. Changes were more pronounced during the first wave (April-June) compared to the second (October-December). Women, individuals <60 years, those with a university degree, white-collar workers, and those with unhealthy lifestyle habits at baseline had higher odds of changing lifestyle habits compared to their counterparts. Negative changes in lifestyle habits and more time in a mentally passive state sitting at home were associated with higher odds of mental ill-health (including health anxiety regarding one's own and relatives' health, generalized anxiety and depression symptoms, and concerns regarding employment and economy). The results emphasize the need to support healthy lifestyle habits to strengthen the resilience in vulnerable groups of individuals to future viral pandemics and prevent health inequalities in society.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Adulto , Ansiedad , Estudios Transversales , Depresión , Femenino , Hábitos , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Salud Mental , Suecia/epidemiología
2.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e239219, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787749

RESUMEN

Salmo trutta fario is the most important fish species of family Salmonidae inhibited in cool waters all over the world including the nortern parts of Pakistan. This study was aimed to find out the prey selection and feeding habits of the species. One hundred and eighty five Salmo trutta fario were captured from March 2016 to April 2017. Feeding intensity as represented by a fullness index (FI), changing with various length groups and season. Out of 185 Brown trout 24 fish stomaches were found empty. The most important and common food items of brown trout were Brachycentridae, Blepharocera, Hydropsychidae, ephemerella spp. Kruskal Wallis H-test were applied on feeding intensity groups consisting of three month group. The test statistic for K.W-H-test were (H=8.13 with df =3) had a p-value of 0.043 < (alpha=0.05 indicates favor of the alternative hypothesis of at least one difference among the feeding intensity groups. The linear relationship of N with index of relative importance and %IRI denoted by least square regression line (N = 35.2 + 22.1%IRI), shows that for 22 prey there is 1% change in IRI. The relationship between total length (mm) and fish body weight (gm) is expressed by Pearson correlation coefficient (r = 0.976), showed that total length (mm) and fish body weight (gm.) is highly correlated. Descriptive statistics are used for the stomach fullness, which shows that feeding intensity was recorded higher from March to May. A total of 2289 preys was recorded including the most common were; Trichoptera, Hydropsychidae, Brachycentridae, diptera, blepharocera, ephemerala, chironomida, honey bees, grass hopper, locust, trout egg, trochanter, plant tissue, stones were retrieved from the gut contents of brown trout. According to index of relative importance IRI% four preys represents major components of the diet. The highest IRI% was recorded in Brachycentridae (39.38%), followed by blepharocera (13.23%), Hydropsychidae (10.76%) and ephemerella spp (8.28%). The relationship between IRI and FO is (r =0.556) is moderately correlated with coefficient of determination (r2=0.31). This study will help in the development of an artificial diet for the species for better growth performance in captivity.


Asunto(s)
Ríos , Trucha , Animales , Abejas , Dieta , Hábitos , Pakistán
3.
Nutr. hosp ; 38(1): 109-120, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198847

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: el confinamiento domiciliario debido a la pandemia de COVID-19 puede influir en los perfiles dietéticos de la población, sometida súbitamente a un factor estresante que implica importantes modificaciones en los hábitos de vida. Entre otros, la restricción de la movilidad y el cambio en la forma de realizar el trabajo, pasando de ser presencial a no presencial (teletrabajo). OBJETIVO: conocer el patrón dietético habitual previo al confinamiento y valorar la evolución de la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea semanalmente hasta la conclusión del mismo. MÉTODOS: los datos se recopilaron mediante un cuestionario anónimo semanal en línea que monitorizó la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea en tiempo real en una muestra inicial de 490 adultos de España. La adherencia a la dieta mediterránea se valoró mediante los cuestionarios MEDAS (Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener) y PREDIMED modificado. RESULTADOS: el confinamiento debido a la pandemia de COVID-19 influyó en los hábitos alimenticios de los participantes, de modo que la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea aumentó al concluir el período de confinamiento, lo cual tiene especial interés, ya que se partía de una buena adherencia inicial (adherencia MEDAS: 10,03 ± 1,9 inicial y 10,47 ± 2,1 final; p = 0,016; adherencia PREDIMED modificado: 9,26 ± 2,0 inicial y 9,89 ± 2,1 final; p < 0,001), sin observarse cambios clínicamente relevantes en la composición corporal valorada por el índice de masa corporal (IMC) excepto en las mujeres (23,3 kg/m2 ± 2,9 inicial y 23,4 kg/m2 ± 2,9 final; p < 0,001), con un discreto aumento de dicho parámetro pero manteniendo en promedio los valores saludables aconsejados por las guías. CONCLUSIONES: en la población estudiada observamos una mejora de la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea sin observar cambios clínicamente relevantes en el IMC


INTRODUCTION: home confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic can influence the dietary profiles of the population, suddenly subjected to a stressful factor that implies important modifications in life habits. Among others, a restriction of mobility and a change in the way of carrying out work, going from being face-to-face to non-contact (teleworking). OBJECTIVE: to know the usual dietary pattern prior to confinement, and to assess the evolution of adherence to the Mediterranean diet weekly until its conclusion. METHODS: data were collected using a weekly anonymous online questionnaire that monitored adherence to the Mediterranean diet in real time in an initial sample of 490 adults from Spain. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed using the MEDAS (Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener) and modified PREDIMED questionnaires. RESULTS: confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic influenced the eating habits of the participants, so that adherence to the Mediterranean diet increased at the end of the confinement period, which is of special interest, since it was based on a good initial adherence (MEDAS adherence: 10.03 ± 1.9 initial and 10.47 ± 2.1 final; p = 0.016; modified PREDIMED adherence: 9.26 ± 2.0 initial and 9.89 ± 2.1 final; p < 0.001), without observing clinically relevant changes in body composition as measured by body mass index (BMI) except in women (23.3 kg/m2 ± 2.9 initial and 23.4 kg/m2 ± 2.9 final; p < 0.001), with a slight increase in this parameter, but maintaining on average the healthy values recommended by the guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: in the studied population we observed an improvement in adherence to the Mediterranean diet without observing clinically relevant changes in BMI


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Dieta Mediterránea , Pandemias , Conducta Alimentaria , Dieta/normas , Índice de Masa Corporal , Estrés Psicológico , Hábitos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estudios Longitudinales , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas Nutricionales/estadística & datos numéricos
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 19(1): 107-113, 2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600087

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To identify the oral hygiene habits and denture hygiene status (e.g. sociodemographic characteristics, general health status) of complete denture wearers in Central Transylvania, Romania. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was based on an original self-administered questionnaire. It included 162 patients who experienced complete tooth loss in one or both jaws and wore polymethylmethacrylate acrylic (PMMA) complete dentures. The exclusion criteria were partial dentures, dentures fabricated from materials other than PMMA, and the patient being unable to provide all the required information. The questionnaire solicited information regarding sociodemographic status, general health and oral hygiene-related habits. The dentures were clinically evaluated in order to assess denture hygiene. RESULTS: Most respondents were completely edentulous (38.0% wore maxillary dentures, 10.6% mandibular dentures, while 51.6% had both), with an average age above 60, all wearing dentures. The clinical evaluation of the dentures revealed that 12.3% exhibited optimal hygiene status, 40.1% good, 32.7% unsatisfactory and 14.8% bad, with more women than men having well-cleaned dentures. Cleaning frequency was found to be 2-3 times per day for 54.3% of the patients, with 93.2% of the subjects using a toothbrush and 76.5% using toothpaste. Most of the participants felt at ease with the cleaning procedures. Only 30.9% of the respondents reported denture removal overnight. The results showed that the hygiene of the patients' dentures was not correlated with their answers regarding oral hygiene habits. CONCLUSIONS: Competent oral health and denture hygiene promotion should be established, especially regarding nocturnal denture removal, denture hygiene methods, instruments and cleaning frequency.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Completa , Higiene Bucal , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Rumanía
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466957

RESUMEN

We use the Knowledge, Perceptions and Practices framework to analyze determinants of three types of self-medication practices in Romania: (1) self-medication in the case of cold/flu/viral infections; (2) taking non-prescribed medicine in general; and (3) self-medication based on recommendations by others. We analyzed 706 responses to an online survey and used a factor-based Partial Least Squares algorithm (PLSF) to estimate the relationships between each type of self-medication and possible predictors. Our results show that self-medication is strongly predicted by non-cognitive behavioral factors such as habits and similarity of symptoms, while cognitive determinants such as knowledge and understanding of potential risks are not significantly associated with self-medication behaviors. This paper identifies nonlinear relationships among self-medication practices and its predictors and discusses how our results can help policymakers calibrate interventions with better accuracy.


Asunto(s)
Hábitos , Automedicación , Política de Salud , Humanos , Rumanía , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(2)2021 Jan 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494269

RESUMEN

In our increasingly stressed world, especially with the COVID-19 pandemic, the activation of the threat network in everyday situations can adversely affect our mental and physical health. Neurophysiological response to these threats/challenges depends on the type of challenge and the individual's neuroadaptability. Neuroadaptability is defined as the ability of the nervous system to alter responsiveness over time to reoccurring stimuli. Neuroadaptability differs from neuroplasticity, which is more inclusive and refers to the ability of the nervous system to change and learn from any experience. We examine neuroadaptability and how it affects health from the perspective of modern medicine and Ayurveda.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Hábitos , Medicina Ayurvédica , Humanos , Medicina Ayurvédica/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/prevención & control , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
7.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(1): e19465, 2021 01 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470941

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to the complexity and chronicity of heart failure, engaging yet simple patient self-management tools are needed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the feasibility and patient engagement with a smartphone app designed for heart failure. METHODS: Patients with heart failure were randomized to intervention (smartphone with the Habits Heart App installed and Bluetooth-linked scale) or control (paper education material) groups. All intervention group patients were interviewed and monitored closely for app feasibility while receiving standard of care heart failure management by cardiologists. The Atlanta Heart Failure Knowledge Test, a quality of life survey (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire), and weight were assessed at baseline and final visits. RESULTS: Patients (N=28 patients; intervention: n=15; control: n=13) with heart failure (with reduced ejection fraction: 15/28, 54%; male: 20/28, 71%, female: 8/28, 29%; median age 63 years) were enrolled, and 82% of patients (N=23; intervention: 12/15, 80%; control: 11/13, 85%) completed both baseline and final visits (median follow up 60 days). In the intervention group, 2 out of the 12 patients who completed the study did not use the app after study onboarding due to illnesses and hospitalizations. Of the remaining 10 patients who used the app, 5 patients logged ≥1 interaction with the app per day on average, and 2 patients logged an interaction with the app every other day on average. The intervention group averaged 403 screen views (per patient) in 56 distinct sessions, 5-minute session durations, and 22 weight entries per patient. There was a direct correlation between duration of app use and improvement in heart failure knowledge (Atlanta Heart Failure Knowledge Test score; ρ=0.59, P=.04) and quality of life (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire score; ρ=0.63, P=.03). The correlation between app use and weight change was ρ=-0.40 (P=.19). Only 1 out of 11 patients in the control group retained education material by the follow-up visit. CONCLUSIONS: The Habits Heart App with a Bluetooth-linked scale is a feasible way to engage patients in heart failure management, and barriers to app engagement were identified. A larger multicenter study may be warranted to evaluate the effectiveness of the app. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03238729; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03238729.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca/terapia , Aplicaciones Móviles , Participación del Paciente , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Hábitos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Volumen Sistólico
8.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(1): e22488, 2021 01 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464216

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers are popular devices used to motivate behavior change. Wearable activity trackers are especially beneficial for encouraging light physical activity such as walking, which is an ideal behavior for older adults or individuals who cannot be physically active at moderate and vigorous levels. A common problem is that people do not continue to use these wearable devices, with initial behavioral change gains eroding as people disengage. Limited research is available regarding the continued use of wearable activity trackers. The habit formation literature may provide insights into the long-term use of wearables and other health informatics devices. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to uncover the mechanism underlying the long-term continued use of wearable devices among older adults through the theoretical lens of habit formation. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants who were aged 65 years or older and had used wearable activity trackers for more than 6 months to understand their experiences and the strategies they employed to support continued use. RESULTS: Thematic analysis of data revealed 8 themes related to habit formation, including aspects in initiation and goal setting, use of contextual cues, action planning, and coping planning. Long-term users tended to have meaningful initiation of wearable activity trackers. They usually started with a small behavioral change goal and gradually increased it. They used consistent time and locational cues to make the use of wearable activity trackers routine. Long-term users also used creative contextual cues and reminders to facilitate action planning, engaged in coping planning to deal with anticipated problems, and had a positive mindset and inventive strategies for managing unfulfillment and lapses. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this qualitative study of long-term users of wearable activity trackers suggest specific ways to enhance long-term habit formation among older adults. These best practices by long-term users can inform the future design of technology-based behavior interventions.


Asunto(s)
Teléfono Celular , Ejercicio Físico , Monitores de Ejercicio , Telemedicina , Dispositivos Electrónicos Vestibles , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Hábitos , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Motivación , Investigación Cualitativa
9.
Neuropsychopharmacology ; 46(4): 687-688, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323944
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 141296, 2021 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182202

RESUMEN

Marine mammals and the ecological functions they provide to coastal and pelagic ecosystems are increasingly threatened by the intensification of anthropogenic impacts. The Uruguayan coastline throughout the 20th century, like other coastal environments worldwide, has been the sink of a variety of trace metals derived from the rapid urbanization and industrialization of related land areas. This coastline is inhabited by two species of pinnipeds trophically and spatially segregated. Otaria byronia feeds in coastal environments while Arctocephalus australis preys mainly offshore. The present study aimed to analyze historic changes in concentrations of trace elements in teeth of both species from 1941 to the present day. We analyzed the dentin of 94 canine teeth using stable isotope analysis (δ13C) and ICP-MS to determine their feeding areas and the concentration of 10 trace elements (Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) respectively. The concentration of Cr was significantly higher during '70-'80s, in both species coinciding with tannery industry development. Both species of pinnipeds have been differentially exposed to trace elements depending on their feeding area. A pelagic diet, possibly based on squid, increased the concentration of Cd in A. australis, while O. byronia has been more exposed to anthropogenic Pb and Cu associated to a costal and more benthic diet. Our results highlight dentin as a reliable matrix for historic studies on the exposure to trace elements. In light of our results, the O. byronia's declining population could be the result of the synergistic effects of trace elements together with other ecological pressures faced in their environment.


Asunto(s)
Caniformia , Metales Pesados , Oligoelementos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Ecosistema , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Hábitos , Metales Pesados/análisis , Oligoelementos/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
11.
Environ Res ; 192: 110223, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971081

RESUMEN

COVID-19 constitutes the largest pandemic in the last 100 years. In view of the rapid spread of the virus, it is necessary to study the sociodemographic characteristics, hygiene habits, activity and mobility, and comorbidities of SARS-CoV-2 infection to be able to implement prevention strategies. For this purpose, a survey including the variables of interest was designed to try to understand the exponential spread of the virus despite the implemented severe restrictive mobility measures during the period of maximum confinement in Spain. This study conducted throughout the Spanish territory aims to clarify other routes of transmission of the COVID-19 during confinement, risk factors, and the effectiveness of the recommended hygiene measures to detect critical points of exposure to the virus and thus reduce its spread in this and possible future pandemics that could compromise public health. Our results show that living with a COVID-19 patient increased the risk of contagion by 60 times. Among all the sociodemographic variables analyzed, walking the dog have shown to have the strongest effect by increasing the risk by 78%. The most effective hygiene measure reducing the prevalence of the disease was the disinfection of products purchased from the market upon arrival home (which reduced the risk by 94%), above other hygiene measures, such as wearing masks, gloves, ethanol disinfection, bleaching and others. The mobility variable studied that showed the largest increase in the prevalence of the disease was working on site at the workplace (increased the risk by 76%). A significant higher prevalence of the disease was also detected among respondents who used the modality of acquiring basic commodities using home delivery service compared to those who chose in-store shopping.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Neumonía Viral , Animales , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Perros , Hábitos , Humanos , Higiene , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , España/epidemiología
12.
Gen Dent ; 69(1): 70-76, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350959

RESUMEN

This study compared the impact of conventional oral health education with that of combined conventional and digital education on the oral hygiene outcomes and habits of children and adolescents. A double-blind, parallel, randomized controlled prevention clinical trial with 2 arms involved 80 students aged 10 to 17 years old. Students were randomly allocated to the control group (n = 40), which received conventional oral health education, or the experimental group (n = 40), which received both conventional oral health education and digital educational content through WhatsApp Messenger. Before the randomization of the groups and after the conclusion of the educational interventions, 2 examiners (κ > 0.7) who were blinded as to the groups evaluated the students and recorded the Plaque Index (PI); Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI); number of decayed, missing, and filled permanent teeth (DMFT); and number of decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth (dmft). The toothbrushing and flossing habits of the students were evaluated through questionnaires. The Fisher exact test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon test for paired samples, and sign test were applied to the data (α = 0.05). After 3 students in the control group were excluded because they received fixed orthodontic appliances, 37 students participated in the control group and 40 in the experimental group. Both groups presented a 30% reduction in PI (P < 0.001) after the interventions. The experimental group flossed significantly more frequently (P = 0.003) than the control group. The interventions had no statistically significant effect on GBI, and there were no significant differences in toothbrushing frequency after interventions or between groups. Both approaches to oral health education-conventional and digital-had a positive impact on the reduction of the PI, and the use of a smartphone app seemed to be an effective resource for providing oral health education to students. Trial registration: Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clinicos (ReBEC) No. U1111-1216-4770.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Adolescente , Niño , Método Doble Ciego , Hábitos , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Cepillado Dental
13.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(2): 399-402, 2021 02 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358715

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In Italy, the spread of the novel coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) required lifestyle changes that have affected food choices and people's health condition. We explore people's perception of the role of food consumption as a preventive measure and how it reconfigures consumption habits. METHOD AND RESULTS: We conducted an online survey of a representative sample of 1004 Italian citizens. Around 40% of the population perceive that strengthening the immune defences through nutrition is not important to reduce the risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. People with lower levels of perceived importance are slightly younger and have a less healthy lifestyle. They are less worried about the emergency. During the last months, they have bought less food supplements and also intend to decrease their purchase in the next 6 months. CONCLUSION: In COVID-19 pandemic, scholars underline the importance of having a strong immune system. However, the Italians who attribute less importance to food that helps the immune system seem to differ negatively in their psychological attitude towards the emergency and food consumption. Today, Italians are asked to engage in preventive food practices to protect against possible chronic diseases; exploring their perceptions is important to orient them towards this change.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Dieta/métodos , Conducta Alimentaria , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Actitud Frente a la Salud , /psicología , Femenino , Alimentos , Hábitos , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
14.
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 19(80): 553-562, dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198572

RESUMEN

Los objetivos de este trabajo son determinar y analizar las lesiones y los hábitos más frecuentes en triatletas durante el desarrollo de una prueba. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y retrospectivo. La muestra la componen 84 participantes (76 hombres y 8 mujeres) que participaron en el XVII Triatlón de Sevilla (Categorías Super Sprint, Sprint y Olímpica). Se pasaron dos cuestionarios, uno antes y otro posterior a la prueba, en los que se registraron entre otras las variables: antecedentes de lesiones deportivas, tratamientos previos, incidencias y lesiones ocurridas durante la prueba, etc. Los triatletas sufren una alta incidencia de lesiones podológicas dérmicas durante la práctica deportiva, el 65% sufrió lesión en el pie, de las que 27,5% fueron ampollas y el 30% fueron heridas. El 72,4% de los participantes en la distancia Olímpica presentó ampollas en los pies. El 50% de los participantes sufrieron lesiones deportivas a lo largo de su trayectoria como triatleta, siendo el pie, la rodilla y la pierna, las zonas más lesionadas. Según estos datos es necesario desarrollar un Programa de Salud podológica para triatletas


The objectives of this study are to determine and analyze the most frequent injuries and habits of triathletes during the development of a test. It is a descriptive, observational, transversal and retrospective study. The sample is composed of 84 participants (76 men and 8 women). Two questionnaires were administered, pre and post test, and recorded: history of sports injuries, previous treatments, injuries during the test, etc. Triathletes suffer a high incidence of dermal foot injuries during sports practice. 88% of adults and 90% of young people suffered sports-related injuries. In terms of previous foot care, the most common reason for podiatric consultation was foot orthoses; 25% and 80% of the youngsters and adults, respectively, received advice on the care of their feet. According to these data, it is necessary to implement a foot care program for triathletes


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Traumatismos en Atletas/epidemiología , Hábitos , Atletas/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades de la Piel/epidemiología , Enfermedades del Pie/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedades del Pie/prevención & control , Enfermedades de la Piel/prevención & control , Natación , Carrera , Epidemiología Descriptiva
15.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(6): 429-435, 2020 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378467

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence of parafunctional habits, erosive tooth wear and occurrence of tooth injuries among children being under the care of Social Welfare Centre and children treated in the Department of Children's Dentistry of the Medical University of Warsaw. STUDY DESIGN: The study contains environmental and medical interviews, record-based analysis and clinical examination. Parafunctional habits were rated on the base of dental interviews and clinical examinations. The occlusal surfaces were evaluated by visual examination using modified tooth wear index (TWI). Tooth injuries were reported from a medical interview labeled using Andreasen classification. The consent of the bioethics committee and guardians of children participated in the study was obtained. RESULTS: The study involved 782 patients, including 404 children from dysfunctional families (average age 11,4 ± 3,7) and 378 from ordinary families-control group (8,53 ± 3,92). In the study group we observed higher prevalence of erosive tooth wear (44,66% vs 18,02% p=0,000), dental trauma (9,4% vs 3,44% p=0,001) and a presence of parafunctional habits (67,8% vs 20,4 % p=0,000). CONCLUSION: The occurrence of parafunctional habits, erosive tooth wear and tooth injuries may be an indicator of domestic violence and a component of maltreated child syndrome.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Erosión de los Dientes , Traumatismos de los Dientes , Desgaste de los Dientes , Adolescente , Niño , Hábitos , Humanos , Prevalencia , Erosión de los Dientes/epidemiología , Erosión de los Dientes/etiología , Traumatismos de los Dientes/epidemiología , Desgaste de los Dientes/epidemiología , Desgaste de los Dientes/etiología
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374709

RESUMEN

Biofeedback was reported as an effective concept for bruxism treatment, through increasing patient's awareness of the habit. During bruxing both ear canals become tighter, therefore, an in-ear device can provide biofeedback. The in-ear device is fitted to the ear canal in physiological status, during bruxing the ear-canal tightens resulting in stress on the canal walls and unpleasant feeling. Subsequently, patients stop their bruxing habit. The aim of this study is to provide first clinical evidence that in-ear devices have a positive impact on relieving bruxism in patients. Despite the low number of patients, this early study was designed as a controlled prospective study. The trial included seven female patients with a median age of 47.3 years (23-64 years). Only two patients implemented their devices for eight and seven months, respectively. One patient reported a relief in her symptoms, like headaches and pain intensity during the night, by 50% after three month and 80% after six months. Despite the limited number of participants, the study reflects a potential of Intra-aural devices as effective biofeedback devices in treating bruxism.


Asunto(s)
Biorretroalimentación Psicológica/instrumentación , Bruxismo , Adulto , Bruxismo/terapia , Oído , Femenino , Hábitos , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Adulto Joven
17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334034

RESUMEN

To identify factors associated with Korean adolescents' lifestyle habits and mental health problems (stress perception, depressive mood, and suicidal thoughts), data from 842 adolescents' (13-18 years) responses to the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (VII-2 and 3; 2017-2018) were analyzed. After controlling for sociodemographic and health status characteristics, results of multinomial logistic regression revealed drinking alcohol (stress perception: odds ratio (OR) = 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.19-2.19; depressive mood: OR = 2.59, 95% CI = 1.67-4.02; suicidal thoughts: OR = 2.28, 95% CI = 1.18-4.42), increased sedentary time (stress perception: OR = 1.88, 95% CI = 1.36-2.58), ≤6 h weekday sleep (stress perception: OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.00-1.66; suicidal thoughts: OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.05-3.75), and 8 h ≤ weekend sleep (stress perception: OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.56-0.98; depressive mood: OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.41-0.98; suicidal thoughts: OR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.21-0.79) were significantly associated with mental health problems. Reducing Korean adolescents' mental health issues may require alcohol education, timed breaks/reduced sedentary time, and campaigns encouraging adequate sleep for teenagers.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Encuestas Nutricionales , Adolescente , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , República de Corea/epidemiología , Ideación Suicida
18.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 8: 2324709620972243, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174465

RESUMEN

Globally, health care providers have been challenged to provide adequate care during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Due to the ever changing and rapidly evolving nature of the novel coronavirus, there is increased public anxiety and knowledge gaps that have created major dilemmas in health care delivery. In this environment, there is tremendous pressure on clinicians to diagnose each and every case of COVID-19. This has led to a situation in which clinicians are primed to suspect all respiratory illness is due to COVID-19 infection until proven otherwise. Because of this, providers may misdiagnose patients who have illnesses that are distinct from COVID-19 but present in a similar manner. In the current article, we present the case of e-cigarette- and vaping-associated acute lung injury (EVALI) mimicking pneumonia secondary to the novel coronavirus. It is unknown if vaping puts patients at higher risk of respiratory failure if coinfected with COVID-19. Therefore, exposure history in patients presenting with pneumonia-like syndrome is important. Physicians should be aware of the overlap between these conditions and should pay particular attention during history taking to distinguish EVALI from COVID-19 pneumonia.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales/etiología , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X/métodos , Vapeo/efectos adversos , Adulto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagen , Tos/diagnóstico , Tos/etiología , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Fiebre/diagnóstico , Fiebre/etiología , Hábitos , Humanos , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales/diagnóstico por imagen , Masculino , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico por imagen , Radiografía Torácica/métodos , Medición de Riesgo
19.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240030, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007031

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Precisely engineered mesoporous silica has been shown to induce weight loss in mice, but whether it is safe to use in humans have not investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine whether oral dosing, up to 9 grams/day, of precisely engineered mesoporous silica as a food additive can be used safely in male humans. DESIGN: This single blinded safety study consisted of two study arms including 10 males each (18-35 years). One arm consisted of participants with normal weight and one with obesity. After a placebo run-in period, all subjects were given porous silica three times daily, with increasing dose up to 9 grams/day (Phase 1). Subjects with obesity continued the study with highest dose for additional 10 weeks (Phase 2). RESULTS: All participants completed Phase 1 and 90% completed Phase 2, with approximately 1% missed doses. Participants reported no abdominal discomfort, and changes in bowel habits were minor and inconsistent. The side effects observed were mild and tolerable, biomarkers did not give any safety concern, and no severe adverse events occurred. CONCLUSION: Mesoporous silica intake of up to 9 grams/day can be consumed by males without any major adverse events or safety concerns.


Asunto(s)
Seguridad , Dióxido de Silicio/administración & dosificación , Dióxido de Silicio/efectos adversos , Administración Oral , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Relación Dosis-Respuesta a Droga , Vaciamiento Gástrico/efectos de los fármacos , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Porosidad , Dióxido de Silicio/orina , Adulto Joven
20.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2163-2166, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018435

RESUMEN

Different approaches have been proposed in the literature to detect the fall of an elderly person. In this paper, we propose a fall detection method based on the classification of parameters extracted from depth images. Three supervised learning methods are compared: decision tree, K-Nearest Neighbors (K-NN) and Random Forests (RF). The methods have been tested on a database of depth images recorded in a nursing home over a period of 43 days. The Random Forests based method yields the best results, achieving 93% sensitivity and 100% specificity when we restrict our study around the bed. Furthermore, this paper also proposes a 37 days follow-up of the person, to try and estimate his or her daily habits.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes por Caídas , Aprendizaje Automático , Algoritmos , Femenino , Hábitos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad
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