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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 48-51, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1553297

RESUMEN

INTRODUÇÃO: O manejo dos pacientes vítimas de PAF possui vertentes divergentes a respeito do tratamento cirúrgico, que pode ser realizado de forma imedata ou tardia. Em lesões auto-infligidas, a distância entre a arma e a região acometida é menor, causando consequências estéticas e funcionais mais devastadoras. Aliado ao fato desse tipo de trauma criar uma ferida suja devido à comunicação com a cavidade oral e seios paranasais, o manejo das lesões representam um desafio mesmo à cirurgiões experientes. OBJETIVO: Estre trabalho relata o manejo cirúrgico de uma ferida auto-infligida por arma de fogo que resultou em avulsão dos tecidos moles na região maxilofacial. DESCRIÇÃO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo masculino, 35 anos, vítima de projétil de arma de fogo auto-infligido em região maxilofacial, cursando com extenso ferimento em região de língua e mento. Clinicamente, o paciente não apresentava sinais de fratura em ossos da face. Ambos os ferimentos apresentavam secreção purulenta e o paciente manifestava disfonia devido a grande destruição tecidual. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS: O tratamento de ferimentos por arma de fogo não só é um grande desafio para o cirurgião, como para toda a equipe multidisciplinar requerida para tais casos, visto que não há protocolos bem definidos para o tratamento dessas lesões(AU)


INTRODUCTION: The management of patients who are victims of FAP has divergent aspects regarding surgical treatment, which can be performed immediately or late. In self-inflicted injuries, the distance between the weapon and the affected region is smaller, causing more devastating aesthetic and functional consequences. Allied to the fact that this type of trauma creates a dirty wound due to the communication with the oral cavity and paranasal sinuses, the management of injuries represents a challenge even for experienced surgeons. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports the surgical management of a self-inflicted gunshot wound that resulted in soft tissue avulsion in the maxillofacial region. CASE DESCRIPTION: Male patient, 35 years old, victim of a self-inflicted firearm projectile in the maxillofacial region, coursing with extensive injury in the region of the tongue and chin. Clinically, the patient did not show signs of facial bone fractures. Both wounds had purulent secretion and the patient had dysphonia due to extensive tissue destruction. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The treatment of gunshot wounds is not only a great challenge for the surgeon, but also for the entire multidisciplinary team required for such cases, since there are no well-defined protocols for the treatment of these injuries(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Lengua/lesiones , Infección de Heridas , Heridas por Arma de Fuego , Paladar Duro/lesiones , Heridas y Lesiones , Heridas Penetrantes , Paladar Duro , Equimosis , Edema , Traumatismos Maxilofaciales
2.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 58(2): 1-9, abril-junio 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-232114

RESUMEN

Introduction: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most frequently injured ligament of the knee. However, quantitative studies on evaluate the postural control influence resulted from the ACL remnant preservation or not are scarce. The aim of this study is to evaluate the postural control of patients submitted to ACL reconstruction with and without preservation of the injured remnant in pre and postoperative periods.MethodsEighteen patients underwent ACL reconstruction and separated into 2 groups according to the preservation or not of the remnant: (I) submitted to ACL reconstruction with preservation of the remnant (10 patients); (II) submitted to ACL reconstruction without preservation of the remnant (8 patients). They were assessed using the Lysholm score and force plate, which evaluated the patient's postural stability for remnant and non-remnant preservation in ACL reconstruction surgery.ResultsGroup I showed statistically significant subjective and objective improvements, both at 3 and 6 months. Additionally, improvement of the Lysholm test at 6 months in Group II was also statistically significant. Furthermore, the results of the Friedman test for the VCOP and VY variables of Group I, with support of the injured side in the force plate, showed a statistically significant difference both for pre and postoperative period at 3 months, compared to the 6-month postoperative period. The variables EAC and VX were statistically different for Group II, considering the preoperative period, 3 and 6 months postoperatively.ConclusionPreserving the ACL remnant in patients with ACL injuries has a positive impact on postural stability during recovery.(AU)


Introducción: El ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) es el ligamento de la rodilla que se lesiona con mayor frecuencia. Sin embargo, escasean los estudios cuantitativos sobre la evaluación de la influencia del control postural derivada de la preservación, o no, del remanente del LCA. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar el control postural de los pacientes sometidos a la reconstrucción del LCA, con y sin preservación del remanente lesionado, en los periodos previo y posterior a la cirugía.MétodosDieciocho pacientes sometidos a reconstrucción del LCA separados en 2 grupos, de acuerdo con la preservación o no preservación del remanente: I) sometidos a reconstrucción del LCA con preservación del remanente (10 pacientes), y II) sometidos a reconstrucción del LCA sin preservación del remanente (8 pacientes). Los pacientes fueron evaluados utilizando la puntuación de Lysholm y una placa de aplicación de fuerza, que evaluó la estabilidad postural del paciente para la preservación y no preservación del remanente en la cirugía de reconstrucción del LCA.ResultadosEl grupo I mostró mejoras subjetivas y objetivas estadísticamente significativas, transcurridos 3 y 6 meses. Además, la mejora de la prueba de Lysholm transcurridos 6 meses en el grupo II fue también estadísticamente significativa. Asimismo, los resultados de la prueba de Friedman para las variables VCOP y VY en el grupo I, con apoyo del lado lesionado en la placa de aplicación de fuerza, reflejaron una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en ambos períodos pre y postoperatorio transcurridos 3 meses, en comparación con el período postoperatorio transcurridos 6 meses. Las variables EAC y VX fueron estadísticamente diferentes para el grupo II, considerando el periodo preoperatorio, y los 3 y 6 meses postoperatorios.ConclusiónPreservar el remanente del LCA en los pacientes con lesiones en dicho ligamento tiene un impacto positivo en la estabilidad postural durante la recuperación.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Heridas y Lesiones , Reconstrucción Posdesastre , Cirugía General , Rodilla
3.
Rev. esp. patol ; 57(2): 137-140, Abr-Jun, 2024. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232420

RESUMEN

El tumor fibroso calcificante (TFC) es una inusual lesión benigna de origen mesenquimal que puede presentar características similares a otros tumores más comunes. El caso involucra a una mujer de 36 años con un tumor en el yeyuno proximal, inicialmente sospechoso de ser un tumor del estroma gastrointestinal (GIST). Se realiza una resección quirúrgica, revelando un nódulo bien delimitado en el borde antimesentérico con características microscópicas típicas de TFC. Las células tumorales presentaban positividad para CD34 y negatividad para demás marcadores, diferenciándolo de otras neoplasias. El TFC puede confundirse con tumores más comunes debido a su apariencia, pero un diagnóstico preciso respaldado por inmunohistoquímica es esencial. La extirpación quirúrgica completa suele ser curativa. (AU)


Calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) is a rare benign lesion of mesenchymal origin that may present similar characteristics to other more common tumors. We present the case of a 36-year-old woman with a tumor in the proximal jejunum, initially suspected to be a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Surgical resection was performed, revealing a well-demarcated nodule at the anti-mesenteric border with microscopic features typical of a calcifying fibrous tumor. The tumor cells were positive for CD34 and negative for other markers, differentiating it from other neoplasms. Calcifying fibrous tumors can be confused with more common tumors because of its appearance, but an accurate diagnosis supported by immunohistochemistry is essential. Complete surgical excision is usually curative. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Animales , Neoplasias , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Inmunohistoquímica , Conductos Pancreáticos , Heridas y Lesiones
5.
Wound Manag Prev ; 70(1)2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754105

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds include lower extremity ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure injuries, and can take months or years to heal. Wounds place a high burden on outpatient and inpatient care settings. This burden is expected to increase markedly in the United States as the population ages and with increased rates of diabetes, obesity, and COVID-19. PURPOSE: To articulate the effect of chronic, hard-to-heal wounds on acute care facilities, and how a few days of inpatient care can have a significant effect on the healing trajectory. METHODS: An expert panel of 7 members, all with extensive knowledge and experience in the assessment and treatment of chronic wounds in an acute care setting, was convened in March 2022. The panel discussed the role of hospitals as part of the longer-term healing pathway of chronic wounds. RESULTS: Chronic wounds have a significant effect on hospitals that includes unseen costs, bed occupancy, demands on bedside nurses, and wound complications that lead to extended stays or readmissions. A successful inpatient wound program offers appropriate identification of previously undiagnosed wounds, elevation of bedside care through simplified protocols, quickly and easily understood education and easy dressing selection, and comprehensive discharge planning with a multidisciplinary team for continuity of care and reduced risk of readmission. CONCLUSION: Hospitals can play a key role in the management of chronic wounds, thus reducing the effect on each facility and the wider care network.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Cicatrización de Heridas , Humanos , Enfermedad Crónica , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/terapia , Heridas y Lesiones/terapia , Heridas y Lesiones/fisiopatología , Estados Unidos , Pie Diabético/terapia , Pie Diabético/diagnóstico , Pie Diabético/fisiopatología , SARS-CoV-2 , Úlcera por Presión/terapia , Úlcera por Presión/diagnóstico
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 47: 89, 2024.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737217

RESUMEN

Introduction: trauma-related disorders following a road accident have both a health and an economic impact. Methods: we conducted a prospective study to determine the prevalence of these disorders, and to identify risk factors in subjects victims of road accidents and hospitalized in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology of the University Hospital Center of Sfax-Tunisia. Results: a total of sixty-ten subjects were included in this study. The prevalence of acute stress disorder was 37.1% and was associated with female sex, low educational level, previous medical and surgical history, passivity during the accident, severity of injuries and the presence of anxious and depressive symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder was observed in 40% of subjects and was associated with urban residential environment, passivity during the accident and anxious and depressive symptoms. Low scores for functional coping strategies and high scores for dysfunctional coping strategies were significantly associated with both disorders. Low educational level, urban residential environment, high levels of anxiety and depression, and denial coping strategy appear to be independent risk factors for acute stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. Conclusion: It is therefore important to determine the profile of people at greater risk of post-traumatic stress disorder, to enable early diagnosis in victims of road accidents.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito , Ansiedad , Depresión , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Humanos , Femenino , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/etiología , Masculino , Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Riesgo , Adulto , Prevalencia , Estudios Prospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Túnez/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/etiología , Adulto Joven , Escolaridad , Adaptación Psicológica , Trastornos de Estrés Traumático Agudo/epidemiología , Factores Sexuales , Adolescente , Anciano , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Heridas y Lesiones/psicología , Hospitales Universitarios
7.
J Wound Care ; 33(Sup5b): S12-S19, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752846

RESUMEN

A single centre, non-comparative evaluation was undertaken to observe the clinical results achieved when following best practice for the application of Debrichem. The treatment protocol involved use of this debridement product plus standard of care. The sample comprised 21 patients with complex, non-healing wounds of various aetiologies. One patient dropped out of the evaluation for unknown reasons. Wound types were either venous leg ulcers (n=16) or post-traumatic wounds (n=25). The mean wound duration was 22 months (range: 2 weeks-17 years). Over the 4-week follow-up period, there was a decline in the mean percentage of devitalised tissue present on the wounds, reducing from 69% at baseline to 49% at week 4. Most of the devitalised tissue was slough, for which the mean baseline percentage was 63% compared with an endpoint of 49%. Conversely, the mean percentage of granulation tissue increased from 31% at baseline to 51% at week 4. The mean visual analogue pain score reported during application was 4/10, where 0 represents no pain. However, general wound-related pain scores improved during the follow-up period, with no scores above 2 at week 2, compared with five at baseline. The results indicate that Debrichem is a safe and effective method of debridement that requires minimal training and is single use.


Asunto(s)
Desbridamiento , Cicatrización de Heridas , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Desbridamiento/métodos , Adulto , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Resultado del Tratamiento , Administración Tópica , Úlcera Varicosa/terapia , Heridas y Lesiones/terapia , Infección de Heridas
8.
Int Wound J ; 21(5): e14861, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38738669

RESUMEN

Effective fluid handling by wound dressings is crucial in the management of exuding wounds through maintaining a clean, moist environment, facilitating healing by removing excess exudate and promoting tissue regeneration. In this context, the availability of reliable and clinically relevant standardised testing methods for wound dressings are critical for informed decision making by clinicians, healthcare administrators, regulatory/reimbursement bodies and product developers. The widely used standard EN 13726 specifies the use of Solution A, an aqueous protein-free salt solution, for determining fluid-handling capacity (FHC). However, a simulated wound fluid (SWF) with a more complex composition, resembling the protein, salt, and buffer concentrations found in real-world clinical exudate, would provide a more clinically relevant dressing performance assessment. This study compared selected physicochemical parameters of Solution A, an alternative, novel simulated wound fluid (SWF A), and a benchmark reference serum-containing solution (SCS) simulating chronic wound exudate. Additionally, FHC values for eight advanced bordered and non-bordered foam dressings were determined for all three test fluids, following EN 13726. Our findings demonstrate a close resemblance between SWF A and SCS. This study highlights the critical importance of selecting a physiochemically appropriate test fluid for accurate FHC testing resulting in clinically meaningful evaluation of dressing performance.


Asunto(s)
Vendajes , Exudados y Transudados , Cicatrización de Heridas , Heridas y Lesiones , Humanos , Exudados y Transudados/química , Heridas y Lesiones/terapia
9.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 25(4): 291-299, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700750

RESUMEN

Background: Packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion has been shown to increase nosocomial infection risk in the injured population; however, the post-traumatic infectious risk profiles of non-PRBC blood products are less clear. We hypothesized that plasma (fresh frozen plasma [FFP]), platelet (PLT), and cryoprecipitate administration would not be associated with increased rates of nosocomial infections. Patients and Methods: We performed a retrospective, matched, case-control study utilizing the American College of Surgeons National Trauma Data Bank data for 2019. We included all patients who received any volume of PRBC within four hours of presentation. Our outcome of interest was any infection. Controls were matched to cases using individual matching with a desired 1:3 case:control ratio. Bivariable analysis according to infection status, and multivariable logistic regression modeling the development of infection were then performed upon the matched data. Results: A total of 1,563 infectious cases were matched to 3,920 non-infectious controls. First four-hour transfusion volumes for FFP, PLT, and cryoprecipitate in the infection group exceeded those in the control group. The first four-hour FFP transfusion volume (per unit odds ratio [OR], 1.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99-1.04; p = 0.28) and cryoprecipitate transfusion volume (per unit OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.99-1.02; p = 0.43) were similar in cases and controls whereas PLT transfusion volume (per unit OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.86-0.98; p = 0.01) was lower in cases of infection than in controls. Conclusions: Fresh frozen plasma, PLT, and cryoprecipitate transfusion volumes were not independent risk factors for the development of nosocomial infection in a trauma population. PLT transfusion volume was associated with less infection.


Asunto(s)
Plasma , Heridas y Lesiones , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Heridas y Lesiones/complicaciones , Heridas y Lesiones/terapia , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Fibrinógeno/análisis , Infección Hospitalaria/epidemiología , Factor VIII , Transfusión de Componentes Sanguíneos/estadística & datos numéricos , Transfusión de Componentes Sanguíneos/efectos adversos , Anciano , Bases de Datos Factuales , Adulto Joven
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10911, 2024 05 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740880

RESUMEN

This study analyzed physical violence against physicians in Egypt from a medicolegal perspective. 88%, 42%, and 13.2% of participants were exposed to verbal, physical, and sexual violence. Concerning the tools of violence, 75.2% of attackers used their bodies. Blunt objects (29.5%), sharp instruments (7.6%), and firearm weapons (1.9%) were used. The commonest manners of attacks were pushing/pulling (44.8%), throwing objects (38.1%), and fists (30.5%). Stabbing (4.8%) and slashing (2.9%) with sharp instruments were also reported. Traumas were mainly directed towards upper limbs (43.8%), trunks (40%), and heads (28.6%). Considering immediate effects, simple injuries were reported that included contusions (22.9%), abrasions (16.2%), and cut wounds (1.9%). Serious injuries included firearm injuries (4.8%), internal organs injuries (3.8%), fractures (2.9%), and burns (1.9%). Most (90.5%) of injuries healed completely, whereas 7.6% and 1.9% left scars and residual infirmities, respectively. Only 14.3% of physicians proceeded to legal action. The current study reflects high aggression, which is disproportionate to legal actions taken by physicians. This medicolegal analysis could guide protective measures for healthcare providers in Egypt. In addition, a narrative review of studies from 15 countries pointed to violence against physicians as a worldwide problem that deserves future medicolegal analyses.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Humanos , Egipto/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Abuso Físico/estadística & datos numéricos , Abuso Físico/legislación & jurisprudencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Heridas y Lesiones/etiología , Adulto Joven
12.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 422, 2024 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741037

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is the most common complication following surgery in elderly patients. During pharmacist-led medication reconciliation (PhMR), a predictive risk score considering delirium risk-increasing drugs and other available risk factors could help to identify risk patients. METHODS: Orthopaedic and trauma surgery patients aged ≥ 18 years with PhMR were included in a retrospective observational single-centre study 03/2022-10/2022. The study cohort was randomly split into a development and a validation cohort (6:4 ratio). POD was assessed through the 4 A's test (4AT), delirium diagnosis, and chart review. Potential risk factors available at PhMR were tested via univariable analysis. Significant variables were added to a multivariable logistic regression model. Based on the regression coefficients, a risk score for POD including delirium risk-increasing drugs (DRD score) was established. RESULTS: POD occurred in 42/328 (12.8%) and 30/218 (13.8%) patients in the development and validation cohorts, respectively. Of the seven evaluated risk factors, four were ultimately tested in a multivariable logistic regression model. The final DRD score included age (66-75 years, 2 points; > 75 years, 3 points), renal impairment (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73m2, 1 point), anticholinergic burden (ACB-score ≥ 3, 1 point), and delirium risk-increasing drugs (n ≥ 2; 2 points). Patients with ≥ 4 points were classified as having a high risk for POD. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the risk score model were 0.89 and 0.81 for the development and the validation cohorts, respectively. CONCLUSION: The DRD score is a predictive risk score assessable during PhMR and can identify patients at risk for POD. Specific preventive measures concerning drug therapy safety and non-pharmacological actions should be implemented for identified risk patients.


Asunto(s)
Delirio , Procedimientos Ortopédicos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Delirio/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Procedimientos Ortopédicos/efectos adversos , Procedimientos Ortopédicos/métodos , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Heridas y Lesiones/cirugía , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Conciliación de Medicamentos/métodos , Cirugía de Cuidados Intensivos
13.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1324191, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716246

RESUMEN

Objectives: The impact of climate change, especially extreme temperatures, on health outcomes has become a global public health concern. Most previous studies focused on the impact of disease incidence or mortality, whereas much less has been done on road traffic injuries (RTIs). This study aimed to explore the effects of ambient temperature, particularly extreme temperature, on road traffic deaths in Jinan city. Methods: Daily data on road traffic deaths and meteorological factors were collected among all residents in Jinan city during 2011-2020. We used a time-stratified case-crossover design with distributed lag nonlinear model to evaluate the association between daily mean temperature, especially extreme temperature and road traffic deaths, and its variation in different subgroups of transportation mode, adjusting for meteorological confounders. Results: A total of 9,794 road traffic deaths were collected in our study. The results showed that extreme temperatures were associated with increased risks of deaths from road traffic injuries and four main subtypes of transportation mode, including walking, Bicycle, Motorcycle and Motor vehicle (except motorcycles), with obviously lag effects. Meanwhile, the negative effects of extreme high temperatures were significantly higher than those of extreme low temperatures. Under low-temperature exposure, the highest cumulative lag effect of 1.355 (95% CI, 1.054, 1.742) for pedal cyclists when cumulated over lag 0 to 6 day, and those for pedestrians, motorcycles and motor vehicle occupants all persisted until 14 days, with ORs of 1.227 (95% CI, 1.102, 1.367), 1.453 (95% CI, 1.214, 1.740) and 1.202 (95% CI, 1.005, 1.438), respectively. Under high-temperature exposure, the highest cumulative lag effect of 3.106 (95% CI, 1.646, 5.861) for motorcycle occupants when cumulated over lag 0 to 12 day, and those for pedestrian, pedal cyclists, and motor vehicle accidents all peaked when persisted until 14 days, with OR values of 1.638 (95% CI, 1.281, 2.094), 2.603 (95% CI, 1.695, 3.997) and 1.603 (95% CI, 1.066, 2.411), respectively. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that ambient temperature is significantly associated with the risk of road traffic injuries accompanied by obvious lag effect, and the associations differ by the mode of transportation. Our findings help to promote a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between temperature and road traffic injuries, which can be used to establish appropriate public health policies and targeted interventions.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito , Estudios Cruzados , Dinámicas no Lineales , Temperatura , Humanos , Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , China/epidemiología , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Heridas y Lesiones/mortalidad , Ciudades , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adolescente
14.
Radiol Technol ; 95(5): 376-381, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719562
15.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0298692, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709732

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Trauma-related (preventable) death is used to evaluate the management and quality of trauma care worldwide. Therefore, it is necessary to identify fatalities in the trauma care population and assess them on preventability. However, the definition on trauma-related preventable death lacks validity due to differences in terminology and classifications. This study aims to reach consensus on the definition of trauma-related preventable death by performing a Delphi procedure, thereby, improving the assessment of trauma-related preventable death and thereby enhancing the quality of trauma care. METHODS: Based on the results of a recently performed systematic review Hakkenbrak (2021). The definitions used to describe trauma-related preventable death could be divided into four categories: 1) Clinical definition based on panel review or expert opinion, 2) Trauma prediction algorithm, 3) Clinical definition with an additional trauma prediction algorithm and 4) Others (e.g., errors in care or detailed clinical definition). A three round, electronic Delphi study will be performed in the Netherlands to reach consensus. Experts from the department of Trauma surgery, Neurosurgery, Forensic medicine, Anaesthesiology and Emergency medicine, of the designated Level 1 trauma centres in the Netherlands, will be invited to participate. In the first round the panel will comment on the composed categories and trauma prediction algorithms. In the second and third round a feedback report will be presented and the questions with disagreement will be retested. DISCUSSION: The identification and assessment of trauma-related preventable death is necessary to evaluate and improve trauma care. Therefore, a valid, fair, and applicable definition of trauma-related preventable death is required. The Delphi technique is utilized to reach group consensus to obtain a scientifically valid definition of trauma-related preventable death.


Asunto(s)
Técnica Delphi , Heridas y Lesiones , Humanos , Heridas y Lesiones/mortalidad , Heridas y Lesiones/clasificación , Consenso , Algoritmos , Países Bajos/epidemiología , Centros Traumatológicos
16.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 95(5): 259-264, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715273

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Travel by airline starts and ends at airports. Thousands of people consisting of passengers, relatives of passengers, and employees gather at airports every day. In this study, medical events (MEs) encountered at Istanbul Atatürk Airport (IAA) and health services provided were analyzed.METHODS: The MEs encountered in IAA between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2018, and health services provided by the private medical clinic in the airport terminal building were retrospectively analyzed.RESULTS: During the study period, 192,500,930 passengers traveled from the IAA and a total of 11,799 patients were seen at the clinic. There were 4898 (41.5%) male patients. The median age of the 9466 (80.2%) patients whose age was recorded was 34 (28-51) yr. Of 11,799 patients included in the present study, 9228 (78.21%) patients had medical complaints, 1122 (9.5%) patients had trauma complaints, 1180 patients (10%) were transferred to the hospital, and 269 (2.27%) patients required a certificate of preflight fitness. The most common medical complaint was gastrointestinal (1515 patients, 12.84%). The most common trauma was soft tissue injury (345 patients, 2.92%).DISCUSSION: MEs in airports can be as various and also critical as health conditions seen in emergency departments. It is important to provide medical services with an experienced medical team trained in aviation medicine and adequate medical equipment at airports.Ceyhan MA, Demir GG, Cömertpay E, Yildirimer Y, Kurt NG. Medical events encountered at a major international airport and health services provided. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2024; 95(5):259-264.


Asunto(s)
Aeropuertos , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Turquía , Viaje/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven , Adolescente , Niño , Heridas y Lesiones/terapia , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología
17.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 73(17): 387-392, 2024 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696330

RESUMEN

Traffic-related pedestrian deaths in the United States reached a 40-year high in 2021. Each year, pedestrians also suffer nonfatal traffic-related injuries requiring medical treatment. Near real-time emergency department visit data from CDC's National Syndromic Surveillance Program during January 2021-December 2023 indicated that among approximately 301 million visits identified, 137,325 involved a pedestrian injury (overall visit proportion = 45.62 per 100,000 visits). The proportions of visits for pedestrian injury were 1.53-2.47 times as high among six racial and ethnic minority groups as that among non-Hispanic White persons. Compared with persons aged ≥65 years, proportions among those aged 15-24 and 25-34 years were 2.83 and 2.61 times as high, respectively. The visit proportion was 1.93 times as high among males as among females, and 1.21 times as high during September-November as during June-August. Timely pedestrian injury data can help collaborating federal, state, and local partners rapidly monitor trends, identify disparities, and implement strategies supporting the Safe System approach, a framework for preventing traffic injuries among all road users.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Peatones , Heridas y Lesiones , Humanos , Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , Peatones/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Masculino , Femenino , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Preescolar , Niño , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Lactante , Distribución por Edad , Visitas a la Sala de Emergencias
18.
Am J Public Health ; 114(6): 633-641, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718333

RESUMEN

Objectives. To evaluate the effects of a comprehensive traffic safety policy-New York City's (NYC's) 2014 Vision Zero-on the health of Medicaid enrollees. Methods. We conducted difference-in-differences analyses using individual-level New York Medicaid data to measure traffic injuries and expenditures from 2009 to 2021, comparing NYC to surrounding counties without traffic reforms (n = 65 585 568 person-years). Results. After Vision Zero, injury rates among NYC Medicaid enrollees diverged from those of surrounding counties, with a net impact of 77.5 fewer injuries per 100 000 person-years annually (95% confidence interval = -97.4, -57.6). We observed marked reductions in severe injuries (brain injury, hospitalizations) and savings of $90.8 million in Medicaid expenditures over the first 5 years. Effects were largest among Black residents. Impacts were reversed during the COVID-19 period. Conclusions. Vision Zero resulted in substantial protection for socioeconomically disadvantaged populations known to face heightened risk of injury, but the policy's effectiveness decreased during the pandemic period. Public Health Implications. Many cities have recently launched Vision Zero policies and others plan to do so. This research adds to the evidence on how and in what circumstances comprehensive traffic policies protect public health. (Am J Public Health. 2024;114(6):633-641. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2024.307617).


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito , Medicaid , Pobreza , Heridas y Lesiones , Humanos , Accidentes de Tránsito/estadística & datos numéricos , Ciudad de Nueva York/epidemiología , Medicaid/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Heridas y Lesiones/prevención & control , Pobreza/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Seguridad , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control
20.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 13: e55297, 2024 May 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713507

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Injury is a global health concern, and injury-related mortality disproportionately impacts low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Compelling evidence from observational studies in high-income countries shows that trauma education programs, such as the Rural Trauma Team Development Course (RTTDC), increase clinician knowledge of injury care. There is a dearth of such evidence from controlled clinical trials to demonstrate the effect of the RTTDC on process and patient outcomes in LMICs. OBJECTIVE: This multicenter cluster randomized controlled clinical trial aims to examine the impact of the RTTDC on process and patient outcomes associated with motorcycle accident-related injuries in an African low-resource setting. METHODS: This is a 2-arm, parallel, multi-period, cluster randomized, controlled, clinical trial in Uganda, where rural trauma team development training is not routinely conducted. We will recruit regional referral hospitals and include patients with motorcycle accident-related injuries, interns, medical trainees, and road traffic law enforcement professionals. The intervention group (RTTDC) and control group (standard care) will include 3 hospitals each. The primary outcomes will be the interval from the accident to hospital admission and the interval from the referral decision to hospital discharge. The secondary outcomes will be all-cause mortality and morbidity associated with neurological and orthopedic injuries at 90 days after injury. All outcomes will be measured as final values. We will compare baseline characteristics and outcomes at both individual and cluster levels between the intervention and control groups. We will use mixed effects regression models to report any absolute or relative differences along with 95% CIs. We will perform subgroup analyses to evaluate and control confounding due to injury mechanisms and injury severity. We will establish a motorcycle trauma outcome (MOTOR) registry in consultation with community traffic police. RESULTS: The trial was approved on August 27, 2019. The actual recruitment of the first patient participant began on September 01, 2019. The last follow-up was on August 27, 2023. Posttrial care, including linkage to clinical, social support, and referral services, is to be completed by November 27, 2023. Data analyses will be performed in Spring 2024, and the results are expected to be published in Autumn 2024. CONCLUSIONS: This trial will unveil how a locally contextualized rural trauma team development program impacts organizational efficiency in a continent challenged with limited infrastructure and human resources. Moreover, this trial will uncover how rural trauma team coordination impacts clinical outcomes, such as mortality and morbidity associated with neurological and orthopedic injuries, which are the key targets for strengthening trauma systems in LMICs where prehospital care is in the early stage. Our results could inform the design, implementation, and scalability of future rural trauma teams and trauma education programs in LMICs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Pan African Clinical Trials Registry (PACTR202308851460352); https://pactr.samrc.ac.za/TrialDisplay.aspx?TrialID=25763. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/55297.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes de Tránsito , Motocicletas , Humanos , Accidentes de Tránsito/mortalidad , Heridas y Lesiones/terapia , Heridas y Lesiones/mortalidad , Grupo de Atención al Paciente/organización & administración , Uganda/epidemiología , Sistema de Registros , Femenino , Servicios de Salud Rural/organización & administración , Adulto , Masculino , Población Rural
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