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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211060, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1254621

RESUMEN

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonic bath and traditional brushing in the hygiene of complete dentures of dependent residents in long-term care institutions (LTCIs). Methods: A randomized cross-over clinical study was conducted in 17 maxillary complete denture wearers living in LTCIs. Cleaning protocols were brushing or ultrasonic bath, both applied with neutral liquid soap. Biofilm biomass were estimated by MTT reduction assay and specific microbial load (CFU) of Streptococcus spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Candida spp. were quantified by selective and differential culture media. Results: Ultrasound method showed higher percentage reduction of biofilm biomass and specific microbial loads of Streptococcus spp. compared to brushing (p<0.01). Reduction of microbial loads of the other microorganisms were not different between cleaning methods (p>0.05). Conclusions: The ultrasonic bath proved to be a feasible alternative method for the mechanical cleaning of complete dentures in LTCIs


Asunto(s)
Anciano , Higiene , Dentaduras , Biopelículas , Servicios de Salud para Ancianos
2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 912, 2021 Sep 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479549

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Poor environmental conditions and hygiene practices at the time of childbirth is linked to life-threatening infections and death in mothers and babies. Improvements in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) have been identified as a means through which the lives of mothers and babies could be saved. This study was carried out to explore WASH conditions and infection prevention and control (IPC) practices in traditional birth homes/centers in Abeokuta, Southwest Nigeria. A total of 50 traditional birth centers and attendants (TBAs) were enrolled in the study. Sociodemographic characteristics of the TBAs and features of the birth centers were obtained using a semi-structured questionnaire. Assessment of WASH conditions and IPC practices was based on established protocols. RESULTS: Findings revealed that majority of the centers operated under poor WASH conditions and IPC practices; none met with the WHO minimum standards for environmental health. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate WASH facilities and IPC practices remain a critical component of maternal and child health even in non-facility birth. As the transition to facility births continues in many countries, the large number of non-facility births demands their inclusion in WASH-related strategies, if global goals of reducing deaths of newborns and women deaths will be achieved.


Asunto(s)
Saneamiento , Agua , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Higiene , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Control de Infecciones , Nigeria , Embarazo
3.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(4): e1-e4, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469177

RESUMEN

The wear of dentures carries with it the possibility of an inflammatory response by the denture-bearing tissues. Lack of or improper hygiene has been shown to contribute to denture stomatitis (DS). Although essential, denture hygiene is often overlooked by patients or performed improperly. As professional caregivers dentists must instruct patients and ensure that they understand the relevance and importance of denture hygiene. In light of this, the authors conducted a critical review of the literature on protocols and procedures to highlight the importance of denture hygiene and clinically show the effects of lack of denture care. A literature search was done through Google, PubMed, and Google Scholar that focused on publications published in English that dealt with denture hygiene and the disinfection process and on the protocols used. Relevant articles for protocols for denture disinfections were reviewed, and the results of different disinfection techniques were assessed, including manual, chemical, microwave, and a combination of techniques. The authors conclude that dentists must take time to instruct patients on proper denture disinfection procedures and the importance of cleaning the dentures well at least once daily. Denture hygiene and removal prior to sleeping is beneficial in preventing DS and allowing the tissue to achieve a state of homeostasis.


Asunto(s)
Estomatitis Subprotética , Dentaduras , Desinfección , Humanos , Higiene , Higiene Bucal , Estomatitis Subprotética/etiología
4.
Virologie (Montrouge) ; 25(4): 213-223, 2021 08 01.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468318

RESUMEN

Epidemiological and observational studies converge to suspect today a risk of contracting Covid-19 around shared meals and drinks. Contamination of table objects (plates, cutlery, glasses) or food and beverages put in the mouth is possible through droplets projected during speech or through direct contacts by dirty hands. This contamination could involve employees in the food chain, restaurant or bar staff and diners among themselves. Biopersistence on hands and cold food supports the hypothesis of contamination by the food route. The oral-digestive route is also supported by the clinical presentation of the patients, the presence of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 receptors and the SARS-CoV-2 virus found in the entire digestive tract. In addition, the reproduction of the disease via the oral route in experimental animal models confirms this hypothesis. Prevention around the food chain and around the meal by strict hygiene measures, especially hand hygiene, is essential and may be extended to other fields of application of everyday life.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Animales , Humanos , Higiene , Comidas , Restaurantes , SARS-CoV-2
5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 325, 2021 Sep 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493240

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Designing educational interventions tailored to the needs of Contact Lens Wearers (CLWs) are important and necessary. The present study aimed to determine the information needs of CLWs to educate and provide information to them to increase their knowledge and reduce complications and non-compliance behaviors. METHODS: A qualitative approach was applied and semi-structured interviews were conducted in three contact lenses (CL) clinics in Iran among all their practitioners and 24 purposively selected patients. Data were analyzed using the Lundman and Graneheim conventional content analysis. RESULTS: The qualitative analysis revealed knowledge and skill themes as two main categories. The knowledge category includes five subcategories of basic information for the CLWs, acquaintance with the CL, caring for CL, hygiene and vigilance of CL, and challenges of using CL. The skill category consists of two subcategories, including handling/insertion and removal of the CL, and stabilization of learned information. Moreover, 36 sub-subcategories emerged from these seven subcategories that reflected the information needs of CLWs. CONCLUSIONS: A clear understanding of CLWs' information needs can help to design and develop appropriate educational approaches to overcome training barriers such as physicians' time constraints and high workload. Moreover, it can help deal with CLWs' insufficient knowledge and provide the required information simply and practically with the possibility of enough repetition.


Asunto(s)
Lentes de Contacto , Escolaridad , Humanos , Higiene , Cooperación del Paciente , Investigación Cualitativa
6.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 29: e20200948, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495105

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Appropriated denture hygiene is a predictive factor for longevity of rehabilitation treatment and maintenance of the oral mucosal health. Although, disinfectant solutions are commonly used as denture cleansers, the impact of these solutions on acrylic resin-based dentures remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in vitro, the antibiofilm activity of complete denture hygiene solutions and their effects on physical and mechanical properties of acrylic resin. METHODOLOGY: For antibiofilm activity measurement acrylic resin specimens were contaminated with Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and Streptococcus mutans. After biofilm growth, the specimens were assigned to the hygiene solutions: Distilled water (Control); 0.2% Sodium hypochlorite (SH); Efferdent Power Clean Crystals (EPC) and 6.25% Ricinus communis (RC). The viability of microorganisms was evaluated by agar plate counts. In parallel, physical, and mechanical properties of the acrylic resin were evaluated after simulating a 5-year period of daily immersion in the previously mentioned solutions. The changes in surface roughness, color, microhardness, flexural strength, impact strength, sorption and solubility were evaluated. Data were compared by ANOVA followed by the Tukey test or Kruskal-Wallis followed by the Dunn test depending on the distribution (α=0.05). RESULTS: Regarding antibiofilm action, SH eliminated all microorganisms while EPC and RC exhibited moderate action against S. mutans (p=0.001) and C. glabrata (p<0.001), respectively. Relative to effects on the physical and mechanical properties of the acrylic resin, RC led to higher values of color change (p=0.030), hardness (p<0.001), surface roughness (p=0.006) and flexural strength (p<0.001). Moreover, RC induced the highest values of changes in solubility (p<0.001). EPC promoted greater changes in surface morphology, whereas immersion in SH retained the initial appearance of the acrylic resin surface. All hygiene solutions reduced the impact strength (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: SH presented the most effective antibiofilm activity. In addition, changes on properties were observed after immersion in RC, which were considered within acceptable limits.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas , Limpiadores de Dentadura , Biopelículas , Bases para Dentadura , Limpiadores de Dentadura/farmacología , Dentadura Completa , Higiene , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie
7.
East Mediterr Health J ; 27(8): 764-771, 2021 Aug 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486712

RESUMEN

Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) occurring outside of health facilities are underestimated because there are a lack of structured preventive organization and absence of epidemiological surveillance. HCAI prevalence is likely to grow with the increase in patient care outside of health institutions. Aims: To set up a situational analysis of good hygiene practices among private general practitioners (GPs) to better organize HCAI prevention in this sector. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2017 and March 2018, using a self-administered questionnaire among all GPs in Sousse City, Tunisia. Results: Participation rate was 93.1%. There was a predominance of male GPs (63%), with a sex ratio of 1.7:1. Up-to-date vaccination status was reported by 82 (75.9%) of GPs. Fifty-six (51.3%) GPs used hydroalcoholic solutions, 13 (12.1%) adopted autoclaving, and 106 (98.1%) wore gloves during invasive care. Blood exposure accidents (BEAs) were reported by 38 (35.2%; declared in 26.3% of cases) and were more prevalent in the group aged > 50 years who used significantly more reusable equipment. BEAs were primarily due to needle-stick injuries (86.8%). Conclusion: We identified the priority axes to be considered in organizing HCAI prevention in the private sector, which allows guidance of GPs, avoiding their isolation and compensating for their lack of training and information. This requires willingness and a culture of improving the quality and safety of care in this sector. Committed involvement of several stakeholders at different levels of decision-making in health care is needed.


Asunto(s)
Médicos Generales , Sector Privado , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Higiene , Masculino , Túnez/epidemiología
8.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 28(3): 879-883, 2021.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346994

RESUMEN

The rise of the covid-19 pandemic has led to renewed interest in the 1918-1919 influenza in search of aspects that might help us understand the current situation, but also as an opportunity to re-evaluate the serious twentieth-century health crisis in light of what we are experiencing now. In this context and with that goal, this historical reflection shows the parallels that exist and the need for a realization that our model of society is undergoing a crisis and requires profound transformation.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/historia , Gripe Humana/historia , Pandemias/historia , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/transmisión , Vacunas contra la COVID-19/historia , Negación en Psicología , Economía , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Higiene/historia , Vacunas contra la Influenza/historia , Gripe Humana/epidemiología , Gripe Humana/prevención & control , Gripe Humana/transmisión , Personal Militar/historia , Primera Guerra Mundial
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5096, 2021 08 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413294

RESUMEN

Nearly all mass gathering events worldwide were banned at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, as they were suspected of presenting a considerable risk for the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. We investigated the risk of transmitting SARS-CoV-2 by droplets and aerosols during an experimental indoor mass gathering event under three different hygiene practices, and used the data in a simulation study to estimate the resulting burden of disease under conditions of controlled epidemics. Our results show that the mean number of measured direct contacts per visitor was nine persons and this can be reduced substantially by appropriate hygiene practices. A comparison of two versions of ventilation with different air exchange rates and different airflows found that the system which performed worst allowed a ten-fold increase in the number of individuals exposed to infectious aerosols. The overall burden of infections resulting from indoor mass gatherings depends largely on the quality of the ventilation system and the hygiene practices. Presuming an effective ventilation system, indoor mass gathering events with suitable hygiene practices have a very small, if any, effect on epidemic spread.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación del Aire Interior/prevención & control , COVID-19/transmisión , Higiene/normas , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidad , Ventilación/métodos , Aerosoles , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/virología , Simulación por Computador , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/aislamiento & purificación
10.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0256086, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388184

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Quality water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities act as barricades to the transmission of COVID-19 in health care facilities. These facilities ought to also be available, accessible, and functional in temporary treatment centers. Despite numerous studies on health care facilities, however, there is limited information on the status of WASH facilities in such centers. METHODS: The assessment of health care facilities for the COVID-19 response checklist and key informant interviews, were used for data collection. 35 treatment centers in Southern Ethiopia were surveyed. Eightkey informants were interviewed to gain an understanding of the WASH conditions in the treatment centers. The Quantitative data was entered using EPI-INFO 7 and exported to SPSS 20 for analysis. Results are presented using descriptive statistics. Open Code 4.02 was used for the thematic analysis of the qualitative data. RESULTS: Daily water supply interruptions occurred at 27 (77.1%) of the surveyed sites. Only 30 (85.72%) had bathrooms that were segregated for personnel and patients, and only 3 (3.57%) had toilets that were handicapped accessible. 20(57.2%) of the treatment centers did not have a hand hygiene protocol that satisfied WHO guidelines. In terms of infection prevention and control, 16 (45.71%) of the facilities lacked adequate personal protective equipment stocks. Between urban and rural areas, there was also a significant difference in latrine maintenance, hand hygiene protocol design and implementation, and incineration capacity. CONCLUSION: The results reveal crucial deficiencies in the provision of WASH in the temporary COVID-19 treatment centers. Efforts to improve WASH should offer priority to hygiene service interventions to minimize the risk of healthcare-acquired infections. The sustainable provision of hygiene services, such as hand washing soap, should also be given priority.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/epidemiología , Instituciones de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Higiene , Cuarentena/estadística & datos numéricos , Saneamiento/estadística & datos numéricos , Calidad del Agua , COVID-19/prevención & control , Etiopía , Instituciones de Salud/normas , Humanos , Garantía de la Calidad de Atención de Salud , Cuarentena/normas , Saneamiento/normas
11.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(4 Suppl. 1): 41-49, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425659

RESUMEN

The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate and compare oral hygiene levels in patients subjected to fixed metal-ceramic or stratified zirconia prostheses, either on teeth or on dental implants. Twenty patients, including 10 with metal-ceramic prostheses and 10 with stratified zirconia, were engaged for the study. Considering the prosthesis positioning phase as zero time, all patients were examined twice a year for a follow-up period of 3 years. During each session, to assess oral cavity state of health, both the Plaque Index (IP) and the Bleeding Index (BOP) were recorded. All patients were instructed in home hygiene maintenance and subjected to professional oral hygiene sessions customized according to prothesis type (on natural teeth or dental implants) and materials (metal ceramic or stratified zirconia). Statistically significant evidence was found in IP values, with an increase in the initial stages in zirconia prostheses and in the final stages in metal-ceramic ones. BOP levels showed a reduction during the follow-up period, but no statistically significant differences were found between examined groups. An adequate patient education in hygiene maintenance associated with professional oral hygiene sessions with special tools could positively affect fixed prostheses' maintenance, both on natural teeth and on dental implants.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Prótesis e Implantes , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Higiene , Estudios Retrospectivos , Circonio
12.
Brasília, D.F.; OPAS; 2021-08-16. (OPAS-W/BRA/PHE/COVID-19/21-0063).
No convencional en Portugués | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54663

RESUMEN

Estão sendo implementadas medidas sociais e de saúde pública (PHSMs) em todo o mundo para suprimir a transmissão do SARS-CoV-2 e reduzir a mortalidade e a morbidade da COVID-19.1 As PHSMs incluem medidas de proteção pessoal (por exemplo, distanciamento físico, evitar ambientes lotados, higiene das mãos, etiqueta respiratória, uso de máscara); medidas ambientais (por exemplo, limpeza, desinfecção, ventilação); vigilância e medidas de resposta (por exemplo, teste, sequenciamento genético, rastreamento de contatos, isolamento e quarentena); medidas de distanciamento físico (por exemplo, regulação do número e fluxo de pessoas que frequentam reuniões, manutenção de distância em locais públicos ou de trabalho, restrições de movimento doméstico); e medidas relacionadas com viagens internacionais. Nesse contexto, não inclui contramedidas médicas, como administração de medicamentos ou vacinação. As PHSMs agem em conjunto, e uma combinação de medidas é necessária para garantir o controle adequado. As medidas devem ser implementadas pelo nível administrativo mais baixo para o qual a avaliação da situação seja possível e adaptadas aos ambientes e às condições locais.Este documento fornece orientação para ajudar os estados-membros a avaliar a situação em nível nacional e subnacional, bem como as principais recomendações sobre a implementação de PHSMs. Ele deve ser lido em conjunto com os documentos de orientação provisórios da OMS sobre Ações críticas de preparação, prontidão e resposta para COVID-19 e Considerações para a implementação de uma abordagem baseada em risco para viagens internacionais no contexto da COVID-19 que abordam vários outros elementos de preparação, prontidão e resposta à COVID-19 além das PHSMs.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Salud Pública , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , SARS-CoV-2 , Protección Personal , Distanciamiento Físico , Higiene , Higiene de las Manos
13.
Glob Health Action ; 14(1): 1955492, 2021 01 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338160

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the perspectives of Bangladeshi teachers on the feasibility of delivery and potential for long-term sustainability of puberty and menstruation education in urban and rural schools. METHOD: We developed a multi-module puberty and menstrual hygiene management education curriculum that teachers piloted for six months in four urban and rural government and private schools in Bangladesh. We conducted monthly assessments during piloting, discussion for manual revision and four group discussions with 20 participating teachers to understand perceived benefits, barriers, and sustainability of puberty and menstruation education among school children. RESULTS: Teachers acknowledged the importance of school-based puberty and menstruation education to improve students' perception and preparedness. They found that the training and instructors' manual they received were useful tools for effectively communicating with students. Teachers noted school and community pressure to de-emphasize educational content not included on nationally standardized examinations, and insufficient time and pre-service training for teaching sensitive topics served as barriers to implementing the pilot curriculum. CONCLUSION: Pressure from school authorities and community may hinder the successful long-term delivery of school-based puberty and menstruation education programs that are external to the national curriculum. Our findings indicate that feasibly and sustainably improving education on these topics in Bangladeshi classrooms should be achieved through 1) revision of the current national curriculum to incorporate more comprehensive puberty and menstruation information including its physiology, management, and social context, 2) adequate training and support for teachers to deliver the content, and 3) incorporation of puberty and menstruation content into students' national examinations which may better ensure teachers are given the tools and opportunity to prioritize teaching this content.


Asunto(s)
Higiene , Menstruación , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Pubertad , Instituciones Académicas
14.
BMC Womens Health ; 21(1): 279, 2021 08 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340667

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Although menstruation is a normal physiological process that begins in girls during adolescence, it has the potential to negatively impact on the self-esteem and education of girls particularly those from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence and factors associated with menstruation-related school absenteeism among adolescent girls in the Talensi district of rural northern Ghana. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 705 adolescent girls aged 12-19 years who had attained menarche. The sample size was estimated using Epi Info version 6 at 95% confidence interval and a 5% margin of error. A two-stage sampling technique was employed to recruit participants. We conducted univariate and multivariate logistic regression models to determine factors associated with menstruation-related school absenteeism which was defined as "being absent from school due to menstruation-related issues during the last menstruation." RESULTS: The prevalence of menstruation-related school absenteeism was 27.5%. School absenteeism ranged from one to seven days during the menstrual period. Older adolescent girls, (aOR = 2.38, 95% CI 1.29-4.40), use of cloth as a sanitary material at the last menstruation, (aOR = 3.21, 95% CI 2.22-4.63), and cultural restriction, (aOR = 2.54, 95% CI 1.76-3.67) were associated with higher odds of menstruation-related school absenteeism. Meanwhile, girls from moderate income parent(s), [aOR = 0.57 95% CI 0.34-0.94] had lower odds of menstruation-related school absenteeism. Mother's education and privacy in school were only significant at the univariate level. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of menstruation-related school absenteeism highlights the need for interventions aimed at improving the availability of sanitary pads for girls, eliminating cultural restrictions associated with menstruation, and also improving parent(s) income level.


Asunto(s)
Absentismo , Menstruación , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Higiene , Prevalencia , Instituciones Académicas , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
J Water Health ; 19(4): 642-656, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371500

RESUMEN

Solar disinfection (SODIS) could be a key to providing a clean, hygiene water for birthing uses, but the recommended climate zone is limited, the microbial indicators are related to gastrointestinal illness and not wound infections. SODIS feasibility was investigated to remove Escherichia coli from turbid water at temperatures less than 50 °C in Lexington, KY. Increasing turbidity from 0 to 200 NTU decreased E. coli inactivation from 5 to 1 log. With the same experimental protocol, more than 4-log inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis (common human-skin microorganisms related to serious post-partum infections of both mother and child) was achieved at different turbidity levels with a maximum, in-bottle temperature of 49.2 °C after 5.5 h. The thermal inactivation of the bacterial indicators was assessed without UV radiation and turbidity in water at 37 and 47 °C. Skin bacteria were inactivated completely after 9.5 h at 47 °C, but only 58% removal happened for thermo-tolerant E. coli. These results suggest that SODIS application may be expanded geographically to treat water for hygiene purposes. However, as E. coli is also capable of causing wound infections, UV with thermal inactivation may be required to produce safe hygiene water by SODIS outside of recommended latitudes.


Asunto(s)
Desinfección , Purificación del Agua , Niño , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Higiene , Luz Solar , Microbiología del Agua
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 434, 2021 Aug 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404414

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The American Association of Medical Colleges has defined peripheral intravenous cannulation as one of the eight practical skills that a medical student should possess upon graduation. Since following a standard hygiene protocol can reduce the rate of complications such as bloodstream infections, the medical student's compliance to hygienic standards is highly relevant. METHODS: This unicentric longitudinal cohort study included 177 medical students undergoing OSCE 1 in the winter semesters 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 as well as OSCE 2 during the winter semesters 2018/2019 and 2019/2020 at the University of Cologne. Their performance in peripheral intravenous cannulation was rated by trained student supervisors using a scaled 13-item questionnaire and compared between OSCE 1 and OSCE 2. RESULTS: Overall, a decline in the correct placement of peripheral intravenous catheters was observed among advanced medical students during OSCE 2 (mean total score: 6.27 ± 1.84) in comparison to their results in OSCE 1 (mean total score: 7.67 ± 1.7). During OSCE 2, the students were more negligent in regard to hygienic behavior, such as disinfection of the puncture site as well as hand disinfection before and after venipuncture. Their patients were also less likely to be informed about the procedure as compared to OSCE 1. CONCLUSIONS: An unsatisfying performance in regard to peripheral intravenous cannulation was observed in medical students with hygiene compliance deteriorating between the third and fifth year of their study. Thus, we promote an extension of practical hygiene and stress management training in medical school to reduce complications associated with intravenous catheters, such as bloodstream infections.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Cateterismo , Catéteres , Competencia Clínica , Evaluación Educacional , Humanos , Higiene , Estudios Longitudinales , Estudios Prospectivos
17.
Adv Gerontol ; 34(3): 425-430, 2021.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409822

RESUMEN

The results of the study of oral fluid in older persons with somatic pathology, which was followed for 1 month, are presented. The acid-base state of the oral fluid was evaluated, and the viscosity of the oral fluid was determined. According to the results of the study of oral fluid and its correction by means of hygiene in older persons with somatic diseases, the dynamics of the indicators of the acid-base state of the oral fluid, its shift to the alkaline side and the positive dynamics of the effect of the viscosity of the oral fluid were noted. To ensure that the risk of adverse effects from changes in the state of the oral fluid is reduced, a joint approach involving all health professionals is needed, taking into account the determinants of health and ensuring the development of effective methods for the prevention of dental diseases in older persons.


Asunto(s)
Higiene , Salud Bucal , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Humanos
18.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 48, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422171

RESUMEN

Lockdowns and just recently, the COVID-19 vaccines, are amongst the disease containment measures instituted globally to check the spread of COVID-19. Prolonged lockdowns are however, not sustainable in low resource economies like Nigeria, where up to 70% of her population live on less than a dollar a day, with the majority, either unemployed, or working in the private/informal sector and depending on daily earnings for survival. If the lockdown remains sustained, it would not be long before the largely poor citizens starve to death. Also, spending over US $3.9 billion on COVID-19 vaccines for more than 200 million Nigerians, as intended by the Nigerian government, is not plausible, given that neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) like Lassa fever, and other more common causes of morbidity and mortality, continue to kill more Nigerians than COVID-19. Public enlightenment of the populace on the need to strictly adhere to non-pharmacologic preventive measures, including social distancing, use of face masks, good personal hygiene, covering of the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, frequent hand washing and sanitizing with alcohol-based hand-sanitizers and disinfection of surfaces, is what is sustainable, feasible and compatible with the economic reality in our setting. As Sir Robert Hutchison, the highly revered doyen of medicine, wrote in his petition over 85 years ago, "And from making the cure of the disease more grievous than the endurance of the same, Good Lord, deliver us", we must be careful not to make the cure of COVID-19 worse than COVID-19 itself.


Asunto(s)
Vacunas contra la COVID-19/administración & dosificación , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/economía , Vacunas contra la COVID-19/economía , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Países en Desarrollo , Humanos , Higiene/normas , Máscaras , Nigeria , Distanciamiento Físico
19.
Work ; 69(4): 1143-1152, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420996

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: While the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic creates fear and anxiety on the students' academic achievement, the risk of an infectious disease may negatively affect education by reducing the concentration ability of students. Thus, it is essential to evaluate the knowledge, behaviors, anxiety levels, and hygiene status of students. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge, behavior change, anxiety, and hygiene status of university students about COVID-19. METHODS: The investigation was conducted with students of three vocational schools of health services located in different provinces of Turkey (n = 1055). Data collected by an online survey consisted of knowledge questions about COVID-19, items about behavior change, the hygiene behavior scale (HBS), and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) scale. RESULTS: The knowledge scores of women were significantly higher than the scores of men. Of the students, 59.6%showed positive hygiene behaviors, and 31.5%had anxiety. Female students' total HDC scale score was significantly lower than that of men, and the total HDC scale score of those who received hand hygiene education was significantly lower than that of participants who did not receive training, which shows a positive hygiene behavior. The total GAD-7 scale score of women was significantly higher than that of men. More than half of the students showed positive hygiene behaviors, and about a third had anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the study's results, psychological support and training should be provided to students.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Ansiedad , Trastornos de Ansiedad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Higiene , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Instituciones Académicas , Estudiantes , Turquia
20.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 63(1): e1-e3, 2021 06 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212751

RESUMEN

In the wake of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the links between poor hygiene, unclean environments and human health cannot be overemphasised, particularly in South Africa with its high incidence of infectious diseases and overburdened health system. One very controllable factor that is often overlooked is the poor disposal of litter and waste management and its adverse effects on public health. By wearing masks, regular handwashing and sanitising, as well as making sure that neighbourhoods and public spaces are clean and safe, the spread of COVID-19 and other diseases can be prevented.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/organización & administración , Salud Ambiental/organización & administración , Restauración y Remediación Ambiental , Salud Pública/métodos , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa/prevención & control , Humanos , Higiene/normas , Condiciones Sociales , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Sudáfrica/epidemiología
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