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4.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486873

RESUMEN

The article considers issues of actual discussion about "death of history of medicine". For a long time, history of medicine was set out the task to substantiate triumph of one national model and tradition over another one and "to place the past at the service of the future". For example, Richard Horton, the editor-in-chief of The Lancet, believes that historians of medicine in no way respond to such problems of today as commercialization of medicine, drug abuse, paralysis in public health, catastrophic failures in patient care. He assumes this fact being true sign of that the history of medicine "is creeping towards scientific cemetery". Another reason for appearance of "obituaries" of history of medicine is the regular fact that classical courses almost exclusively consisted of narratives about great physicians and progress of medical science and practice. Moreover, the "medical" history of medicine if is not killed then is severely wounded by arrows flying from all sides - accusations in mistakes, indications on blind spots, myths and deliberate distortion of facts. The analysis of above-listed problems the proposals were developed concerning possible ways of revising academic course according modern requirements: training in the field of critical thinking, communication skills, oral speech and written language, academic writing. These tasks can be achieved by involving materials from museums of history of medicine, museums of universities and medical institutions, by collaboration with historical sources, databases of scientific publications and by engaging invited lecturers of various specialties working with historical and medical topics within the framework of other methodologies.


Asunto(s)
Medicina , Historia de la Medicina , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Museos
5.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 5-21, jul.-sept. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278986

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Fundamento: la salud pública villaclareña tiene una rica historia que permite conocer destacados profesionales en las diferentes ramas de las ciencias médicas. La existencia de esas figuras durante el período colonial sentó las bases de un desarrollo científico en el territorio. Objetivo: reseñar las historias de vidas de las principales figuras de la medicina villaclareña que participaron en el Primer Congreso Médico Regional de la Isla de Cuba de 1890 y sus aportes a la salud pública del territorio. Métodos: se realizó una investigación documental de corte histórico durante el año 2019, se emplearon métodos teóricos, sustentados en la interacción de lo histórico y lo lógico y desde las dimensiones temporal y espacial; y empíricos: el análisis documental y entrevistas a informantes clave; se efectuó triangulación metodológica para arribar a consideraciones integradoras. Resultados: se identificaron importantes figuras de la medicina en Villa Clara que participaron en el Primer Congreso Médico Regional de la Isla de Cuba: Joaquín Albarrán Domínguez, Enrique López Veitía, Pedro Albarrán Domínguez, Agustín Wenceslao Reyes Zamora y Francisco Rodríguez Hernández, Fernando Plazaola, Agustín Abril y Letamendis, Domingo Lagomasino Álvarez y López Silvero. Se confeccionaron sus historias de vida identificando sus principales aportes a la salud pública cubana, y su influencia en la sociedad villaclareña del siglo XIX. Conclusiones: Villa Clara tuvo una importante participación en el Primer Congreso Médico Regional de la Isla de Cuba en 1890. Los médicos que asistieron a ese evento dejaron un importante legado que debe ser conocido por las nuevas generaciones.


ABSTRACT Background: Villa Clara's public health has a rich history that allows us to meet prominent professionals in the different branches of medical sciences. The existence of these figures during the colonial period laid the foundations for scientific development in the territory. Objective: to review the life stories of the main figures of Villa Clara medicine who participated in the First Regional Medical Congress of the Island of Cuba in 1890 and their contributions to the public health of the territory. Methods: a historical documentary research was carried out during 2019; theoretical methods were used, supported by the interaction of the historical and the logical and from the temporal and spatial dimensions; and empirical ones: documentary analysis and interviews with key informants; information was methodologically contrasted to arrive at integrative considerations. Results: important figures of medicine were identified in Villa Clara who participated in the First Regional Medical Congress of the Island of Cuba: Joaquín Albarrán Domínguez, Enrique López Veitía, Pedro Albarrán Domínguez, Agustín Wenceslao Reyes Zamora and Francisco Rodríguez Hernández, Fernando Plazaola, Agustín Abril and Letamendis, Domingo Lagomasino Álvarez and López Silvero. Their life histories were compiled identifying their main contributions to Cuban public health, and their influence on Villa Clara society in the 19th century. Conclusions: Villa Clara had an important participation in the First Regional Medical Congress of the Island of Cuba in 1890. The doctors who attended this event left an important legacy that should be known by the new generations.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica , Rasgos de la Historia de Vida , Historia de la Medicina
6.
J Int Bioethique Ethique Sci ; 32(2): 11-17, 2021 06 18.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553852

RESUMEN

Until the middle of the XXth century, the data conservation is encrypted in kilometers, not in mega terra bits ; their destruction by thousands of tonnes, not by computer deletion. The connection of data, on your computer scale, was not inexistent before about 1950; but was only manual and limited.


Asunto(s)
Computadores , Historia de la Medicina , Humanos
7.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 401-417, jul.-sept. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286274

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: la historia de la Medicina constituye una fuente valiosa para la formación de valores en el proceso de formación y superación de los futuros profesionales de las ciencias médicas. Objetivo: profundizar en la labor patriótica y médica de Fermín Valdés Domínguez en los siglos XIX y XX. Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de varios documentos históricos y artículos científicos. La búsqueda fue realizada en Google Académico desde el 2014 hasta diciembre de 2020. Se revisaron más de 15 trabajos publicados, en el que sobresale la colección facticia con recortes de casi todos los trabajos periodísticos de Fermín Valdés Domínguez publicados en la prensa cubana, y los "famosos cuadernillos manuscritos" sobre sus memorias de la guerra. La información fue procesada a través del análisis de contenido y otros métodos teóricos como el histórico-lógico, analítico-sintético, inductivo-deductivo. Resultados: se precisó la labor patriótica y médica de Fermín Valdés Domínguez en los siglos XIX y XX. Esta personalidad de la historia cubana como estudiante universitario y profesional de la Medicina fue capaz de conjugar su labor patriótica en las luchas por la independencia del siglo XIX con el periodismo científico y revolucionario. Conclusiones: a través de la revisión realizada quedó demostrado que la vida y obra de Fermín Valdés Domínguez como profesional de la salud y destacado patriota cubano es una valiosa herramienta para el trabajo educativo curricular en la educación médica.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the history of Medicine constitutes a valuable source for the formation of values ​​in the process of formation and improvement of future professionals in the medical sciences. Objective: to deepen inside the patriotic and medical work of Fermín Valdés Domínguez in the 19th and 20th centuries. Methods: a bibliographic review of several historical documents and scientific articles was carried out. The search was carried out in Google scholar from 2014 to December 2020. More than 15 published works were reviewed, in which the factitious collection stands out with clippings of almost all the journalistic works of Fermín Valdés Domínguez published in the Cuban press, and the "famous handwritten booklets" on his memoirs of the war. The information was processed through content analysis and other theoretical methods such as historical-logical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive. Results: the patriotic and medical work of Fermín Valdés Domínguez in the 19th and 20th centuries was specified. This personality of Cuban history as a university student and professional of Medicine was able to combine his patriotic work in the struggles for independence in the 19th century with scientific and revolutionary journalism. Conclusions: through the review carried out, it was shown that the life and work of Fermín Valdés Domínguez as a health professional and prominent Cuban patriot is a valuable tool for curricular educational work in medical education.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica , Rasgos de la Historia de Vida , Historia de la Medicina
8.
Lima; Perú. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos; 1 ed; 20210900. 89 p. ilus.
Monografía en Español | MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1290608

RESUMEN

El documento contiene una compilación ordenado y ­ a veces corregido ­ las notas que, habiendo sido presentadas a los responsables de dicho Blog, han sido publicadas en este año del bicentenario y de la pandemia. Notas en las que se presentan, para su debate crítico en aquel intercambio de ideas, algunas reflexiones y comentarios personales ­ no siempre ortodoxos ­ sobre tres temas: salud pública; política y justicia social en salud pública; y, memoria institucional.


Asunto(s)
Política , Justicia Social , Salud Pública , Coronavirus , Impactos en la Salud , Sistemas Nacionales de Salud , Pandemias , Política de Salud , Historia de la Medicina , Memoria
10.
Lima; Revista Peruana de Ginecología y Obstetricia; 67, 3; 20210800. 21 p. ilus.
Monografía en Español | MINSAPERÚ | ID: biblio-1291536

RESUMEN

La ginecología y obstetricia tiene una historia de raíces muy antiguas en el Perú, rica en hitos trascendentes, gracias a la inteligencia, talento y tesón de numerosos médicos que contribuyeron a formar el cuerpo científico y académico que hoy constituye parte importante de la medicina peruana. El objeto de este artículo es hacer una síntesis de aquella interesante historia para la memoria de los peruanos en general y de la orden médica nacional en particular.


Asunto(s)
Aptitud , Ginecología , Historia , Historia de la Medicina , Memoria , Obstetricia
11.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 386, 2021 Jul 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271892

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: History courses are "required" elements among the didactic elements of the medical and pharmacy curricula in many schools around the world. The aim of this study was to develop consensus-based aims, contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods of a history of medicine and pharmacy course for medical and pharmacy students in the Arab World. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, ScienceDirect, SpringerLink, Scopus, and Google Scholar was conducted to identify course aims, contents, intended learning outcomes from the literature. The search was supplemented by semi-structured in-depth interviews with 5 educators/academicians, 3 pharmacists, and 3 physicians. The Delphi technique was used among panelists (10 educators/academicians, 4 physicians, and 4 pharmacists) to develop consensus-based course aims, contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods. RESULTS: The vast majority of the panelists agreed on the 10 items (agreement ≥88.9%) on the importance of teaching history to medical and pharmacy students. Consensus-based aims (n = 4) and intended learning outcomes (n = 13) were developed in the 1st and 2nd iterative Delphi rounds. The panelists suggested that 16 dedicated meeting hours (1 credit hour) would be required to cover the course. Bloom's verbs were used to target the lower and higher orders of the cognitive domain. The course could be taught through face-to-face lectures, provision of reading materials, video documentaries, case studies, group discussions and debates. Multiple-choice questions, written reflections, portfolios, group projects, and engagement in discussions and debates might be used to evaluate performance of students. CONCLUSION: Consensus-based course of history of medicine and pharmacy course was developed for medical and pharmacy students in the Arab World. Well-designed course aims, contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods are more likely to meet the accreditation requirements and might improve performance of medical and pharmacy students. Future studies are still needed to investigate if such consensus-based courses can improve performance of the students.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Farmacia , Farmacia , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Mundo Árabe , Consenso , Curriculum , Técnica Delfos , Historia de la Medicina , Humanos , Enseñanza
12.
Acta Biomed ; 92(3): e2021245, 2021 07 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212937

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The increasing attention to the potential application of technology in medicine represents a dangerous warning in the direction of a reductionist approach. The academic system should therefore be strongly engaged to ensure even in medical practice the greatest enhancement of the human dimension. Targets: How much space is offered to the teaching of History of Medicine (HM) in Italian Universities? This work aims to answer this question through an in-depth analysis of the teaching plans of the degree courses in Medicine and Surgery (CLMC) activated in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was carried out through the consultation of information, relating to the year 2019-2020, contained in the UniversItaly portal of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, created to accompany students in their studies, as well as through the information published in the web portals of the various universities. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In Italy in 43 out of 97 Universities there is the Degree Course in Medicine and Surgery for a total of 66 degree courses; some Universities have activated more degree courses depending on the number of learners or on issues of territorial distribution. The teaching of HM is present in the curricula of 54 CLMC (82%) and in these is mandatory. In 93% of the cases, it is included in integrated courses (CI) and for only 4 CLMC it results as autonomous teaching. For the most part (86%) it is included in the first year's educational plan. The typology of the different CIs is extremely varied, both in terms of denomination, year and content, as well as in the overall CFUs assigned. The current teaching staff is divided as follows: 6 full professors; 12 associate professors; 13 Researchers (RU/RD); 20 contract professors. 19 are the researchers/professors engaged in the scientific field of the HM (MED/02). CONCLUSION: Those findings indicate that the HM subject in the Italian medical education programs is not yet universally recognized as able to stimulate medical students to a holistic view of the person and illness and therefore not sufficiently valued.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica , Estudiantes de Medicina , Curriculum , Historia de la Medicina , Humanos , Italia , Universidades
13.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(3): 89, 2021 Jul 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251537

RESUMEN

We invite systematic consideration of the metaphors of cycles and circulation as a long-term theme in the history of the life and environmental sciences and medicine. Ubiquitous in ancient religious and philosophical traditions, especially in representing the seasons and the motions of celestial bodies, circles once symbolized perfection. Over the centuries cyclic images in western medicine, natural philosophy, natural history and eventually biology gained independence from cosmology and theology and came to depend less on strictly circular forms. As potent 'canonical icons', cycles also interacted with representations of linear and irreversible change, including arrows, arcs, scales, series and trees, as in theories of the Earth and of evolution. In modern times life cycles and reproductive cycles have often been held to characterize life, in some cases especially female life, while human efforts selectively to foster and disrupt these cycles have harnessed their productivity in medicine and agriculture. But strong cyclic metaphors have continued to link physiology and climatology, medicine and economics, and biology and manufacturing, notably through the relations between land, food and population. From the grand nineteenth-century transformations of matter to systems ecology, the circulation of molecules through organic and inorganic compartments has posed the problem of maintaining identity in the face of flux and highlights the seductive ability of cyclic schemes to imply closure where no original state was in fact restored. More concerted attention to cycles and circulation will enrich analyses of the power of metaphors to naturalize understandings of life and their shaping by practical interests and political imaginations.


Asunto(s)
Biología/historia , Historia de la Medicina , Filosofía/historia , Historia del Siglo XV , Historia del Siglo XVI , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Historia Antigua , Historia Medieval
14.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 20(37): 63-75, jun. 2021.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1283236

RESUMEN

Es una mirada histórica, donde se reseña o muestra los esfuerzos por educar y transmitir los principios de higiene y salud. Específicamente se presenta un primer acercamiento descriptivo de la revisión de El Heraldo Médico. Guía de medicina práctica para el uso de las familias (1908, Tomo II), de la empresa editora "El Heraldo Médico", el cual menciona aspectos de higiene con potencial para la solución de los problemas cotidianos y las decisiones para mejorar la calidad de vida en el ámbito de la salud[AU]


Summary: it is a historical look, where the efforts to educate and transmit the principles of hygiene and health are reviewed or shown. Specifically, a first descriptive approach to the review of El Heraldo Médico is presented. Practical medicine guide for the use of families (1908, Volume II), by the publishing company "El Heraldo Médico", which mentions hygiene aspects with potential for solving daily problems and decisions to improve the quality of life in the field of health[AU]


é um olhar histórico, onde os esforços para educar e transmitir os princípios da higiene e saúde são revistos ou apresentados. Especificamente, é apresentada uma primeira abordagem descritiva da revisão do El Heraldo Médico. Guia prático de medicina para o uso das famílias (1908, Volume II), da editora "El Heraldo Médico", que menciona aspectos de higiene com potencial para resolver problemas cotidianos e decisões para melhorar a qualidade de vida no campo da saúde[AU]


Asunto(s)
Higiene , Salud Pública , Educación en Salud , Guía , Comunicación y Divulgación Científica , Historia de la Medicina , Calidad de Vida , México
15.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(2): 83, 2021 Jun 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125318

RESUMEN

The role of a journal like HPLS during the novel coronavirus pandemic should serve as a means for scholars in different fields and professions to consider historically and critically what is happening as it unfolds. Surely it cannot tackle all the possible issues related to the pandemic, in particular to the COVID-19 pandemic, but it does have a responsibility to foster the best possible dialogue about the various issues related to the history and philosophy of the life sciences, and thus to solicit contributions from potential authors working in different parts of the world and belonging to different cultural traditions. Only a real plurality of perspectives should allow for a better, large-scale comprehension of what the COVID-19 pandemic is.


Asunto(s)
Disciplinas de las Ciencias Biológicas , COVID-19 , Historia de la Medicina , Pandemias , Filosofía Médica , Filosofía , Ciencia , Humanos
16.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 28(2): 413-435, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190787

RESUMEN

This article examines the activities of a well-known figure who, during his stay in Argentina, influenced life in Buenos Aires by cultivating his connections to medical science, the political sphere and the news media. The person in question was Fernando Asuero, an ear, nose and throat specialist from San Sebastián (Spain), whose activities in Buenos Aires in 1930 allow us to examine the conflicts within the healing arts, a field rife with competitors and numerous concurrent and opposing traditions. Using a biographical approach centered on a case study, this article shows that, at certain points, the disputes over cognitive monopoly ended up being debated within a courtroom.


Asunto(s)
Mala Praxis/historia , Médicos/historia , Argentina , Historia de la Medicina , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Mala Praxis/legislación & jurisprudencia , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Médicos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Charlatanería/historia , Charlatanería/legislación & jurisprudencia , España
17.
Ambix ; 68(2-3): 154-179, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058962

RESUMEN

The chair of chymiatria created at the University of Marburg was among the earliest academic initiatives aiming to integrate chymistry into the medical curriculum. If its practical applications in pharmacy and its relationship with patronage have been examined by historians, the theoretical part of the chymiatria programme still remains to be explored. In the form of student disputations and dissertations held or presided over by Heinrich Petraeus, a professor of medicine at Marburg and Johannes Hartmann's son-in-law, "chymiatric" essays expounded various medical issues. Centred on pathology, therapy, and physiology, these theoretical explanations proposed a "hermetic-dogmatic" interpretation merging the views of Paracelsus and Galen. This article examines these disputations and their stance concerning the living body, sickness, and treatment, and how they shaped the status of chymistry as an art and a science on the verge of institutionalisation.


Asunto(s)
Alquimia , Disentimientos y Disputas/historia , Historia de la Farmacia , Farmacia/métodos , Alemania , Historia de la Medicina , Historia del Siglo XVII , Universidades
18.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(2): 413-435, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279132

RESUMEN

Resumen Indagamos el derrotero de un personaje que, durante su estadía en Argentina, incidió en la vida porteña mediante los vínculos que trazó con la ciencia galénica, la esfera política y los medios de comunicación. Nos referimos a Fernando Asuero, especialista en nariz, garganta y oídos, oriundo de San Sebastián (España), figura cuyo itinerario por Buenos Aires en 1930 nos permite avizorar enfrentamientos propios del arte de curar, campo minado de competidores y cuantiosas tradiciones concomitantes y contrapuestas. A partir de una aproximación biográfica centrada en un estudio de caso mostraremos que, en ciertas oportunidades, los litigios imbricados al monopolio cognitivo terminaron por debatirse en el interior de un juzgado.


Abstract This article examines the activities of a well-known figure who, during his stay in Argentina, influenced life in Buenos Aires by cultivating his connections to medical science, the political sphere and the news media. The person in question was Fernando Asuero, an ear, nose and throat specialist from San Sebastián (Spain), whose activities in Buenos Aires in 1930 allow us to examine the conflicts within the healing arts, a field rife with competitors and numerous concurrent and opposing traditions. Using a biographical approach centered on a case study, this article shows that, at certain points, the disputes over cognitive monopoly ended up being debated within a courtroom.


Asunto(s)
Historia del Siglo XIX , Médicos/historia , Mala Praxis/historia , Argentina , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Médicos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Charlatanería/historia , Charlatanería/legislación & jurisprudencia , España , Historia de la Medicina , Mala Praxis/legislación & jurisprudencia
19.
Acta Biomed ; 92(2): e2021167, 2021 05 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988137

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Reports about the teaching of the History of Medicine in universities worldwide can be found easily in medical literature. They are often comparative studies in which the opinions provided by the professors are collected and the teaching programs are compared. Our study focuses instead on the relationship between the students and the discipline, what they look for from it, and how their interest changes with the progress of the course of study. METHODS: The final tests of the students of two Italian universities, Parma and Bologna, were analyzed, in which the candidate had the ability to choose the topic of discussion and to outline his personal analysis. The course year in which the final examination was faced is different: in the first year in Bologna, in the fourth year in Parma. RESULTS: This survey show that in both universities most students have carried out autonomous research regardless of the educational material made available to them. This attitude can be interpreted as a real interest in the history of medicine, widening their search throughout all the fields of the discipline. CONCLUSIONS: These results seem to suggest to teachers of History of Medicine to convey to their students the methodology of historical and epistemological research, giving the student to the pupils the opportunity to become passionate about history in the way he/she prefers. (www.actabiomedica.it).


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes de Medicina , Estudiantes , Actitud , Historia de la Medicina , Humanos , Italia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
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