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6.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 61-62, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977942

RESUMEN

In this Inspiration Column, Pat Reid Ponte interviews Lisa J. Sundean, PhD, MHA, RN, associate professor, University of Massachusetts Boston. Dr Sundean has devoted her career to support the inclusion of nurses on boards.


Asunto(s)
Consejo Directivo/organización & administración , Rol de la Enfermera , Atención de Enfermería/organización & administración , Boston , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos
8.
Forensic Sci Int ; 307: 110111, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901460

RESUMEN

Cranial suture closure has been recognized for over a century as a useful trait for age estimation. Although this indicator has become a standard feature of age assessment protocols in skeletal remains, serious questions have been raised about its reliability. This article attempts to provide a comprehensive review of cranial suture closure as an age indicator from several perspectives, including its anatomy and history, as well as issues relating to validation, statistics, and the potential of technological advancements to improve outcomes. We further suggest a path forward for the use of cranial suture closure as an estimator of age. Although its unreliability has been widely reported, cranial suture closure still appears to have value as an aging method, and it is hoped that the information contained in this article can serve as a stepping stone toward more effective use of this indicator. The cranium is often more durable than other skeletal elements in both archaeological and forensic circumstances, so maximizing the effectiveness of cranial indicators is an important goal. It is hoped that recent advancements in technology and in analytical approaches to the cranial sutures could breathe some new life into this feature as an indicator of age.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Edad por el Esqueleto/métodos , Suturas Craneales/crecimiento & desarrollo , Suturas Craneales/diagnóstico por imagen , Antropología Forense/métodos , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Osteogénesis , Estadística como Asunto , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
10.
Arch Pathol Lab Med ; 144(2): 133-135, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990227

RESUMEN

• The Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine was first published in 1926 as a specialty journal of the American Medical Association. It became the official journal of the College of American Pathologists in 1995. Under the dynamic leadership of its most recent editor-in-chief, Philip T. Cagle, MD, the Archives has dramatically increased its impact factor and become the most widely read general pathology journal. Dr. Cagle has consistently added leading pathologists to the editorial board, and the collective expertise of these individuals is clearly evident in new, cutting-edge journal masthead sections. The Archives has featured innovative content in the field of digital pathology, including articles on the utilization of smart phones in pathology and the incorporation of whole-slide images and videos into the content of articles. During the current editorial board's tenure, special sections were introduced and have proven immensely popular with the journal's readership. As the Archives celebrates its 94th anniversary, its editorial board remains committed to providing insightful and relevant medical knowledge. The journal's open access Web site ( www.archivesofpathology.org ) allows the dissemination of this information to every corner of the globe at no expense to those who wish to expand their knowledge or improve their medical practice. Dr. Cagle, with support from the editorial board and journal staff, has worked tirelessly during his tenure as Archives editor-in-chief to greatly enhance the content of the journal and its stature within pathology and laboratory medicine.


Asunto(s)
Políticas Editoriales , Ciencia del Laboratorio Clínico/historia , Patología Clínica/historia , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Ciencia del Laboratorio Clínico/métodos , Ciencia del Laboratorio Clínico/tendencias , Patología Clínica/métodos , Patología Clínica/tendencias , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/normas , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/tendencias
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 9-12, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902162

RESUMEN

For more than one hundred years, the surgery and non-surgery around acute necrosis pancreatitis, early and late stage-operative surgery have been strive explored, and every change in treatment concept, technological progress and breakthrough in efficacy have been gradually summarized and improved in practice.Clinical practice and basic research gradually clarified the understanding of the pathological physiological process of acute necrosis pancreatitis "two peaks of death", greatly improved the treatment of early organ failure, deepened the understanding of the diversity of pathological of local complications of acute necrosis pancreatitis, and changed the treatment mode of necrosis pancreatitis. A modern comprehensive treatment system has been gradually formed. That is, in the early stage of the disease, to prevent and control multi-organ failure as the main axis; In the later stage, to explore the best surgical intervention time as the main axis, the implementation of micro-invasive and open combination of intervention strategy, and strive to explore and improve the success rate of one-time surgery. At present, China's treatment level of acute necrosis pancreatitis in many large-capacity centers is in the forefront of the world. Through the Pancreatic Surgery Group of Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association's tour of the Guide and a large number of academic exchanges, the level of treatment of necrosis pancreatitis in China's primary hospitals is also constantly improving. Therefore, we have reasons to believe that the day when China's acute necrotizing pancreatitis diagnosis and treatment level can break further will not be far away.


Asunto(s)
Pancreatitis Aguda Necrotizante/terapia , China , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Insuficiencia Multiorgánica/etiología , Pancreatitis Aguda Necrotizante/diagnóstico , Pancreatitis Aguda Necrotizante/historia
12.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 61-69, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902173

RESUMEN

Esophageal cancer surgery originated in the early 20(th) century. However, the true meaning of trans-thoracic esophagectomy and digestive tract reconstruction began in the 1930s. Almost at the same time, Japan and Western countries began the surgical exploration of esophageal cancer. Based on the pathological type of esophageal cancer in Asia, squamous cell carcinoma is the majority, and its biological characteristics and treatment strategies are different from those of European and American patients. After more than eighty years of development, the surgical treatment of esophageal cancer in Japan has been developed from the initial attempt, deep cultivation practice to the pursuit of excellence, and explored a set of more advanced surgical techniques and diagnostic strategies, which is unique in the world. On the basis of the establishment of the Japanese Society of Esophagus, Japanese scholars have developed and irregularly updated the Japanese Classification of Esophageal Cancer and published the professional academic journal Esophagus. The Japanese Clinical Oncology Group organized a number of phase Ⅲ clinical studies on esophageal cancer, providing strong evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal squamous carcinoma. Focused on the origin, development, current situation and future of esophageal cancer surgery in Japan, this paper summarized the development of esophageal cancer surgery in Japan through literature review, interviews with senior experts and Hot topics of esophageal cancer surgery-questionnaire survey of Japanese experts.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirugía , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirugía , Esofagectomía/historia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/historia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/historia , Esofagectomía/tendencias , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Japón , Estados Unidos
13.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 346-366, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372381

RESUMEN

Intuitively distinguishing the myriad of critically informed paradigms requires an in-depth analysis of genealogies, histories, and philosophical underpinnings grounding each paradigm. Despite significant parallels between queer theory and intersectionality theory, the distinction of these two paradigms acts in both complicated and complementary manners that necessitate a dialogue on the contributions emanating from both paradigms to LGBTQ studies. This article targets the following goals: (1) explicate genealogy, history, and philosophical tenets of intersectionality and queer theory; (2) dialogue about the complementary yet complex relationships between the two paradigms; and (3) illustrate the promise of the complex relationship and distinction for LGBTQ studies.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad , Teoría Psicológica , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Educación , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Homosexualidad/historia , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/historia
14.
Toxicol Lett ; 320: 73-79, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811912

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Choking agent exposure, among them chlorine gas, occurs in household or industrial accidents, chemical warfare and terrorist attacks. AIMS: Review of published animal and human data regarding the history, pathophysiology, clinical effects and management of chlorine exposure. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY: Highly soluble agents cause quick upper respiratory tract symptoms. Chlorine gas has a medium solubility, also causing delayed lower airway symptoms, mainly due to its oxidizing potential by releasing hypochlorous and hydrochloric acid, but also by interacting with Transient Receptor Potential channels. SYMPTOMS: Eyes may show conjunctival injection, abrasions and corrosions. Burns of the oronasal mucosa and trachea can occur. Dyspnea, bronchospasm and possible retrosternal pain occur frequently. Glottis edema or laryngospasm are acute life-threatening emergencies. Chlorine gas can cause toxic pneumonitis, lung edema and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). MANAGEMENT: General management includes physical examination, pulse oximetry and arterial blood gases. Eyes should be irrigated, humidified oxygen and inhalative bronchodilators administered. An EKG, cardiac enzymes and complete-blood-count should be obtained if there is retrosternal pain. Routine chest x-ray is not recommended - except if pulmonary edema is suspected. Laryngoscopy should be performed if glottis edema is suspected. Sodium bicarbonate inhalation after chlorine gas inhalation is discussed controversially. Mechanical ventilation with continuous-positive-airway-pressure or intubation/tracheotomy with high positive-end-expiratory-pressure may be necessary. Glucocorticoids for prevention of pulmonary edema should be applied restrictively. Prophylactic antibiotics are not recommended. In severe ARDS, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be considered. CONCLUSION: Treatment is mainly symptom oriented. New and promising therapies are in development.


Asunto(s)
Accidentes Domésticos , Accidentes de Trabajo , Quemaduras Químicas/terapia , Sustancias para la Guerra Química/envenenamiento , Cloro/envenenamiento , Quemaduras Oculares/terapia , Enfermedades Respiratorias/terapia , Animales , Quemaduras Químicas/etiología , Quemaduras Químicas/historia , Quemaduras Químicas/fisiopatología , Sustancias para la Guerra Química/historia , Cloro/historia , Quemaduras Oculares/inducido químicamente , Quemaduras Oculares/historia , Quemaduras Oculares/fisiopatología , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Exposición por Inhalación/efectos adversos , Exposición Profesional/efectos adversos , Pronóstico , Enfermedades Respiratorias/inducido químicamente , Enfermedades Respiratorias/historia , Enfermedades Respiratorias/fisiopatología , Medición de Riesgo
16.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 285-293, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335582

RESUMEN

This article serves as the introduction to "25 Years On: The State and Continuing Development of LGBTQ Studies Programs." It begins by placing the current issue in a commemorative context: marking the anniversary of a 1993 special issue of the Journal of Homosexuality dedicated to the emergence of "Gay and Lesbian Studies" and edited by Howard L. Minton. The introduction continues by providing an overview of early phases of academic transformations, primarily in the United States, with notes on particular legacies. This is followed by a brief survey of scholarship published since 1993 that pays particular attention to curricular and pedagogical concerns. It concludes by identifying themes articulated by the essays selected for this issue as well as commentary on their individual, yet richly interrelated, contributions.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Investigación Biomédica/historia , Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , Educación/tendencias , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/historia , Estados Unidos
17.
J Hist Med Allied Sci ; 75(1): 83-106, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755919

RESUMEN

Merit Ptah is widely described as "the first woman physician and scientist" on the Internet and in popular history books. This essay explores the origins of this figure, showing that Merit Ptah came into being in the 1930s when Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead misinterpreted a report about an authentic ancient Egyptian healer. Merit Ptah gradually became a prominent figure in popular historical accounts during second-wave of feminism, and, in the twenty-first century she appeared in Wikipedia and subsequently spread throughout the Internet as a female (sometimes black African) founding figure. The history of Merit Ptah reveals powerful mechanisms of knowledge creation in the network of amateur historians, independently from the scholarly community. The case of Merit Ptah also pinpoints factors enabling the spread of erroneous historical accounts: the absence of professional audience, the development of echo chambers due to an obscured chain of knowledge transmission, the wide reach of the Internet, the coherence with existing preconceptions, the emotional charge of heritage, and even - in the case of ancient Egypt - the tendency to perceive certain pasts through a legendary lens. At the same time, the story of Merit Ptah reveals how important role models have been for women entering science and medicine.


Asunto(s)
Feminismo/historia , Historiografía , Médicos Mujeres/historia , Antiguo Egipto , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Historia Antigua
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