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3.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 26(1): 15-32, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942301

RESUMEN

The Hospedaria de Imigrantes (Immigrant Lodgings) da Ilha das Flores was established in 1883 in accordance with the hygienist thinking of the time. Immigrants were isolated on the east coast of Guanabara Bay because of the epidemics of yellow fever which returned to the Imperial capital every summer since 1849-1850. Hygienists attributed the disease to the precarious health conditions in the city of Rio de Janeiro, which enabled germs to multiply and infect the atmosphere. As physicians reinterpreted the disease in light of Pasteurian theory, new procedures were adopted to receive immigrants, changing the structure and function of the facility on Ilha das Flores.


Asunto(s)
Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Higiene/historia , Práctica de Salud Pública/historia , Fiebre Amarilla/historia , Brasil/epidemiología , Epidemias/historia , Arquitectura y Construcción de Instituciones de Salud/historia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Humanos , Fiebre Amarilla/epidemiología , Fiebre Amarilla/prevención & control
4.
Asclepio ; 70(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2018. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-179151

RESUMEN

Durante el primer tercio del siglo XX en España acontecieron cambios importantes en la asistencia a la locura. Varios factores influyeron en el desarrollo de las modificaciones en torno al discurso y práctica de una nueva disciplina psiquiátrica: una generación de médicos interesados en la locura y relacionados con la Junta de Ampliación de Estudios, organizaciones científicas como los Archivos de Neurobiología y el clima político progresista de la Segunda República, entre otros. El objetivo de este trabajo es visibilizar estrategias de cambio en el tratamiento de la locura en el psiquiátrico provincial de Málaga. Para ello, señalaré, por un lado, las diferentes reformas que el edificio necesitó y la relación de éstas con las prácticas asistenciales; y por otro, los intentos de reforma que llevaron a cabo Miguel Prados Such y Pedro Ortiz Ramos como profesionales de la neuropsiquiatría. Analizaré, finalmente, las relaciones entre el personal subalterno, los psiquiatras y la institución, mostrando las dinámicas de asimilación y/o rechazo de medidas concretas que pretendían mejorar las condiciones de los pacientes ingresados


During the first third of the 20th Century in Spain, many reforms happened in the attendance to the madness. Several factors had an influence in the introduction of fundamental changes in the discourse and practice of a new psychiatric discipline: the interest in insanity of a generation of doctors with links to the Junta de Ampliación de Estudios (Board for Advanced Studies), scientific organisations like the Archivos de Neurobiología (Archives of Neurobiology) and the political climate in the Second Spanish Republic, among others. The aim of this study is to shed light on these strategies for change in the treatment of insanity in the Malaga provincial psychiatric hospital. To this end, I will discuss the necessary alterations made to the building itself and their relation with health care practices, in addition to the attempts to introduce reforms by neuropsychiatric professionals like Miguel Prados Such and Pedro Ortiz Ramos. Finally, I will analyse relations among support staff, psychiatrists and the institution, to appraise the dynamics of assimilation and/or rejection of specific measures designed to improve the conditions of patients admitted to it


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XX , Psiquiatría/historia , Hospitales Psiquiátricos/historia , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Trastornos Mentales/historia , Neuropsiquiatría/historia , Hospitales Psiquiátricos/organización & administración , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Hospitales Especializados/organización & administración , Enfermos Mentales/historia , España/epidemiología
5.
J Anesth Hist ; 4(3): 171-176, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30217389

RESUMEN

Charles L. Burstein was the first departmental Director and Chief of Anesthesiology at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. He joined the staff in 1937, when the hospital was still known by its original name of the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled. In 1940, it was renamed The Hospital for Special Surgery. Burstein, an early disciple of Emery Rovenstine, accomplished much to advance the Department of Anesthesiology through academic collaborations, education, clinical specialization, and research. He laid the groundwork for the future success of a department that continues to thrive to this day in clinical and academic orthopedic anesthesia.


Asunto(s)
Anestesiología/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Personas con Discapacidad , Historia del Siglo XX , Ciudad de Nueva York , Ortopedia/historia , Reumatología/historia
6.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 7(5): 288-290, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29952451

RESUMEN

Much has been achieved in clinical and scientific research in the past 130 years by Beijing Tongren Hospital, which has evolved from an eye clinic to a comprehensive hospital with an ophthalmology department known as one of the best in China. This article presents the most historic moments and events in the development of a hospital with the largest eye care service volume. In addition, given the leading position of Tongren, the development of ophthalmology in Tongren is also the epitome of the development of modern ophthalmology in China. Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology (BIO) was established in 1959 as an affiliated institution under Tongren, aiming at carrying out applied science and basic science research, and directors of BIO have thus far served 4 terms as president of the Chinese Ophthalmological Society. In 2002, Beijing Tongren Eye Center (hereafter referred to as the Eye Center) was established to combine all the ophthalmic resources within Tongren. In 2017, the Eye Center alone had a surgical volume of 78,223, with surgeries for cataract, refractive errors, fundus, glaucoma, and corneal disease being the 5 most common, and 902,409 outpatient visits. Equipped with the leading experts and equipment, Tongren is dedicated to the battle against major eye diseases by carrying out large population-based epidemiological surveys and basic science research on pathogenesis and effective treatments, thereby making contributions to the development of the science of ophthalmology along with the delivery of eye care services in China and beyond.


Asunto(s)
Oftalmopatías/historia , Oftalmología/historia , Beijing , Oftalmopatías/terapia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Humanos
7.
Gac Med Mex ; 154(2): 263-266, 2018.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29733066

RESUMEN

Despite the legislation of Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) on social security rights formulated in 1883 in Germany where it is stated that it is the duty of the State to promote the welfare of all members of society, particularly the weakest and most needy, using the means available to them, and the proposals of laws against accidents issued on April 30, 1904 in the State of Mexico in 1904, in the Mexico of the Porfirio Díaz era, providing workers with formal medical care was not contemplated, except in the case of some railway companies, hospitals for the care of patients with occupational diseases were not built. One of these exceptions was the Hospital del Mineral del Real del Monte de Pachuca, founded in the late nineteenth century and after the mining company passed to the Americans in 1906, it was agreed that the company acquired the hospital and equated it with the medical and surgical advances of the time for immediate care of injuries, especially of the orthopedic type, which enabled not only the healing of wounds, but also rehabilitation. This hospital is one of the oldest in Mexico with regard to three disciplines: orthopedics, occupational medicine and rehabilitation. It ceased to operate in 1982, and currently it is a museum with a rich collection of documents and instruments related to the aforementioned disciplines.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales Especializados/historia , Minería , Medicina del Trabajo/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , México
8.
Infez Med ; 25(4): 381-394, 2017 Dec 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29286022

RESUMEN

In the late nineteenth century, with industrial growth and the resulting mass urbanisation, tuberculosis represented a plague mainly among the poor social classes. The outdated and crowded Italian prisons (formerly old monasteries) during the early 1900s were insufficient to "host" the multitude of inmates condemned or waiting for judgment. Italian prisoners were beset by hunger and poor hygiene facilities. Clothes did not differ between winter and summer. The Criminal Sanatorium of Pianosa was officially inaugurated in 1907, but from the 1860s it had been set up to host an agricultural penal colony. Here we report the excellent results obtained between 1907 and 1909 in the management of tuberculosis among prisoners in Pianosa, where surgery was also available. In those times, climate therapy with an enriched and varied nutrition was the only effective treatment for tuberculosis. Overall, of the 913 prisoners housed in Pianosa in that period and according to the acknowledged scientific criteria, the following results were achieved: complete cure in 182, improvement in 416, mild amelioration in 94, worsening in 80, no change in 20. The number of prisoners who died or were transferred to another prison is unknown. The case series of the prison hospital in Pianosa may be reconstructed thanks to data published by the Director Roberto Passini. The better outcome of the prisoners in Pianosa, in comparison with inmates of other Italian institutions, was due both to treatment standards (climate, nutritional, hygienic, and surgical) and to the proportionally longer period of stay in Pianosa for prisoners with already confirmed detention periods.


Asunto(s)
Prisioneros/historia , Tuberculosis/historia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Hospitales de Enfermedades Crónicas/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Humanos , Higiene , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Tuberculosis/epidemiología , Tuberculosis/transmisión
10.
Med Lav ; 108(2): 149-158, 2017 04 21.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28446742

RESUMEN

In 1864 in Milan, Giovanni Rosmini (1832-1896) opened an ophthalmic dispensary for workers. In 1874 this dispensary was transformed into the first ophthalmic hospital of the city. This hospital still exists today. The authors analyze a document that belonged to the lawyer Enrico Rosmini (1828-1898), brother of Giovanni, which helps to piece together the early years of the dispensary, where about 4,000 surgeries were carried out in the first four years of activity. This historical document is valuable as it sheds light on one of the first healthcare institution for workers in Milan.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud del Trabajador/historia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Italia , Oftalmología
11.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 47(5): 286-290, 2017 Sep 28.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29874720

RESUMEN

The Mogan Mt.Sanatorium for Pulmonary Tuberculosis, founded in 1927, was the first tuberculosis sanatorium in modern China, with an initial intention of "treating and caring the diseased, not seeking profits" , and its name was then changed to Mogan Mountain Sanatorium in 1931. During the early period of Anti-Japanese War, it became an asylum for refugees and carrying out charitable rehabilitation activity.In May 1939, the Sanatorium was compelled to close because of the bombardment of Japanese aircraft, andonly formally opened in 1948 until today. The patients in the Sanatorium included politicians, wealthy businessmen and academic elites. It laid equal stress on natural convalesce and medication, together with moral solicitude. The funds of the Sanatorium came from convalesce charges, patients' grant-in-aid, Boxer Indemnity and exhibition of calligraphy and painting of celebrity, etc.By means of advertisements, Sanatorium noticedits expansion of medical works, and changes of doctor, announcements of the curative effects to absorb patients. As a novel thingin the early 20(th) century, the appearance of sanatorium was a product of development of health sense, enhancement of health idea and awakening the consciousness of sovereignty of the people.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales Especializados/historia , Tuberculosis Pulmonar/terapia , Historia del Siglo XX , Hospitales Especializados/economía , Humanos
12.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 54 Suppl 2: S116-7, 2016.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27561013

RESUMEN

The history of the Hospital de Especialidades "Bernardo Sepúlveda Gutiérrez," formerly called Hospital General del Centro Médico Nacional, has been marked by ups and downs, as well as by the development of cutting-edge medical knowledge. In this supplement we show a series of articles, whose authors belong in their entirety to that hospital.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales Públicos/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Centros de Atención Terciaria/historia , Academias e Institutos , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Hospitales Generales/historia , México , Seguridad Social
13.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 94(2): 205-9, 2016 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26899921

RESUMEN

This short paper mentioned the medical treatment using the 'holy' springs, the first 'eye doctor' in Denmark, the first picture of spectacles which was found in Viborg Cathedral of the high priest before he performs circumcisio praeputii on Jesus Christ, further cataract reclination in Denmark from around year zero and cataract extraction in 1667 in Denmark on a goose by Francisco Borri and on humans by the Danish Georg Heuermann in 1755. Epidemic military eye diseases in 1807, 1856 and 1865 are also described in this study. From 1856, a new ophthalmological period started in Denmark with the first eye hospital (lazaret only for eye diseases), and in 1864, patients with eye diseases were transported from the few beds in the surgical departments in the municipal hospital to the first civil eye department in Denmark, the eye hospital Sct. Annae in Copenhagen. The new scientific period started with Jacob Christian Bentz (ophthalmia granulosa, joint editor of the Danish Medical Journal) and Heinrich Lehmann.


Asunto(s)
Oftalmopatías/historia , Anteojos/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Oftalmología/historia , Dinamarca , Historia del Siglo XV , Historia del Siglo XVI , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia Antigua , Historia Medieval , Humanos
15.
In. Cytrynowicz, Monica Musatti; Cytrynowicz, Roney. História do Hospital Santa Cruz: Sociedade Brasileira e Japonesa de Beneficência Santa Cruz fundada em 1926. São Paulo, Narrativa, mar. 2016. p.51-62, il.
Monografía en Portugués | HISA - História de la Salud | ID: his-36769

RESUMEN

Aborda a construção de uma obra de grande porte como este sanatório comentando sobre as instalações e tratamentos. Justifica a escolha de Campos do Jordão como local para abrigar o sanatório devido às suas características climáticas e discute a tuberculose entre os imigrantes japoneses. Explica a mudança de nome para Sanatório São Francisco Xavier, os novos tratamentos e a reforma no cinquentenário da imigração japonesa. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Hospitales Especializados/historia , Arquitectura y Construcción de Instituciones de Salud/historia , Brasil
16.
In. Cytrynowicz, Monica Musatti; Cytrynowicz, Roney. História do Hospital Santa Cruz: Sociedade Brasileira e Japonesa de Beneficência Santa Cruz fundada em 1926. São Paulo, Narrativa, mar. 2016. p.107-124, il.
Monografía en Portugués | HISA - História de la Salud | ID: his-36773

RESUMEN

Comentário sobre o tratamento da tuberculose e as intervenções cirúrgicas, sobre o convênio com a Associação Paulista de Combate ao Câncer, em 1946, sobre a inauguração da Primeira Clínica de Tumores, do Instituto Central (Hospital A. C. Camargo). Mostra o pioneirismo na quimioterapia, a cirurgia plástica, a presença da comunidade nipo-brasileira e a utilidade pública e a filantropia. Acrescenta reflexão sobre os vinte anos de convênio com a APCC, os Institutos de Pensões e Aposentadorias e Previdência Social. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Instituciones Oncológicas/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Neoplasias
18.
Dent Hist ; 60(2): 84-6, 2015 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26399152

RESUMEN

The elephant logo for the Turner Dental Hospital and School is illustrated and the design is attributed to Lady Worthington, wife of the architect Sir Hubert Worthington.


Asunto(s)
Emblemas e Insignias/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Facultades de Odontología/historia , Animales , Elefantes , Inglaterra , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
19.
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc ; 53(5): 656-63, 2015.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26383817

RESUMEN

This document presents four stages in the history of the Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI (Centro Médico Nacional XXI Century) of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. The first stage started at the end of the third decade of the twentieth century and ended in 1961, it corresponded to the conception, planning and construction of what was to be the Centro Médico del Distrito Federal (Centro Médico of the Distrito Federal) belonging to the Secretaría de Salubridad y Asistencia (Ministry of Health and Assistance). The second stage began when the Center was acquired by the Institute, then was known like Centro Médico Nacional (Centro Médico Nacional ), being put into full operation in 1963, more than twenty-two years later, in 1985, an earthquake virtually ended it, immediately began its reconstruction, finishing the second stage. In 1989 began the third stage, different and new buildings complemented or replaced the structures damaged or destroyed by the earthquake which formed the now Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI (Centro Médico Nacional XXI Century). In 2004 the fourth stage opened when the four hospitals of the Center were categorized like Unidades Médicas de Alta Especialidad (High Specialized Medical Units).


Asunto(s)
Centros Médicos Académicos/historia , Hospitales Públicos/historia , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Programas Nacionales de Salud/historia , Centros Médicos Académicos/organización & administración , Academias e Institutos/historia , Academias e Institutos/organización & administración , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Hospitales Públicos/organización & administración , Hospitales Especializados/organización & administración , México , Programas Nacionales de Salud/organización & administración , Seguridad Social/historia , Seguridad Social/organización & administración
20.
J Med Biogr ; 23(3): 169-77, 2015 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26025849

RESUMEN

Between 2004 and 2012, the author wrote two biographies, the first of 20th century civil servant Ernest Gowers and the second of his father the Victorian neurologist William Richard Gowers. This article describes the author's experience conducting the research for two biographies at a time when the research tools available were rapidly shifting from paper-based to digital records. Technological aids have made the preliminary research of historians easier, but they have not taken the place of hard copy archive-based research. While the paper will focus primarily on the biography of William Richard Gowers, the author describes the research methods she employed to help reveal the personalities, strengths and weaknesses of both men, each of whom left his own intellectual legacy.


Asunto(s)
Biografías como Asunto , Historiografía , Neurología/historia , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Hospitales Especializados/historia , Humanos , Reino Unido
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