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1.
Trab. educ. saúde ; 19: e00309141, jan. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139807

RESUMEN

Resumo Este ensaio possui como principal objetivo problematizar mudanças ocorridas no trabalho de professoras e professores da rede particular de ensino no contexto de pandemia e sua relação com a saúde. Apresenta novas formas de resistências e organização coletiva, como a greve virtual, do ponto de vista dos próprios docentes que se encontram em atividades de ensino remoto e, também, em exercício de direção sindical. Foi construído de forma compartilhada, entre professore(a)s e pesquisadore(a)s. Fundamenta-se na pedagogia crítica e dialógica freireana, cujos processos valorizam a formação mútua e emancipadora. Dos diálogos empreendidos durante a construção do texto, chegamos a quatro importantes pontos de análise e problematização, a saber: trabalho docente em tempos de isolamento social; mudanças no processo e na organização do trabalho; aspectos geracionais e questões de gênero; saúde docente, resistências e greve virtual. Ao fim, observa-se que o tipo de atividade de ensino, não presencial, por meio de plataformas e outros recursos digitais, se constitui como uma configuração atual do trabalho que se aprofunda no contexto de pandemia e faz uso exacerbado da tecnologia, articulando novos modos de controle, extração de sobretrabalho e do mais-valor social.


Abstract This essay has as main objective to problematize changes occurred in the work of teachers and private school teachers in the context of a pandemic and its relationship with health. It presents new forms of resistance and collective organization, such as the virtual strike, from the point of view of the teachers themselves who are in remote teaching activities and also in the exercise of union leadership. It was built in a shared way, between professors and researchers. It is based on Freire's critical and dialogical pedagogy, whose processes value mutual and emancipatory formation. From the dialogues undertaken during the construction of the text, we come to four important points of analysis and problematization, namely: teaching work in times of social isolation; changes in the work process and organization; generational aspects and gender issues; teaching health, resistance and virtual strike. In the end, it is observed that the type of teaching activity, not in person, through platforms and other digital resources, constitutes a current configuration of work that deepens in the context of a pandemic and makes exacerbated use of technology, articulating new control modes, extraction of overwork and social added value.


Resumen Este ensayo tiene como principal objetivo problematizar los cambios ocurridos en el trabajo de profesoras y profesores de la red de enseñanza particular en el contexto de la pandemia y su relación con la salud. Presenta nuevas formas de resistencias y organización colectiva, como la huelga virtual, del punto de vista de los propios docentes que se encuentran en actividades de enseñanza remota y, también, en ejercicio de dirección sindical. Fue construido de forma compartida, entre profesores(a)s e investigadores(a)s. Se fundamenta en la pedagogía crítica y dialógica freireana, cuyos procesos valorizan la formación mútua y emancipadora. De los diálogos emprendidos durante la construcción del texto, llegamos a cuatro importantes puntos de análisis y problematización, a saber: trabajo docente en tiempos de aislamiento social; cambios en el proceso y en la organización del trabajo; aspectos generacionales y cuestiones de género; salud docente, resistencias y huelga virtual. Al fin, se observa que el tipo de actividad de enseñanza, no presencial, por medio de plataformas y otros recursos digitales, se constituye como una configuración actual del trabajo que se profundiza en el contexto de la pandemia y hace uso exacerbado de la tecnología, articulando nuevos modos de control, extracción de sobretrabajo y de plusvalía social.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Instituciones Académicas , Salud Laboral , Docentes , Identidad de Género
2.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 27(1): 60-71, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352808

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: We examined ethnic-racial and gender identities and their relations to self-esteem and well-being among Cherokee early adolescents. We also explored gender differences in the significance to boys and girls of ethnic-racial and gender identities. METHOD: The sample consisted of 212 Cherokee 6th, 7th, and 8th grade girls and boys (Mage = 12.7 years). Adolescents completed survey measures of gender and ethnic-racial centrality, gender private regard, ethnic-racial private regard, ethnic-racial public regard, self-esteem, and three measures of well-being. RESULTS: Both genders reported high levels of the importance of being Cherokee to their identity (i.e., centrality), and strong positive attitudes toward being Cherokee (i.e., ethnic-racial private regard). Boys perceived gender as more important and more positive than girls. Among girls, ethnic-racial identity was more central and was viewed more positively than their gender identity. Mean levels of ethnic-racial and gender centrality did not differ for boys, nor did their reports of ethnic-racial and gender private regard. Youth's perceptions that others hold Cherokees in high regard (public regard) decreased across the grade levels. For both boys and girls, gender identity dimensions had stronger relations than ethnic-racial identity to psychosocial outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: For this sample of Cherokee adolescents, ethnic-racial identity held more prominence for girls than for boys, although aspects of gender identity were more strongly related to well-being for both genders. Results of the study indicate the significance of considering multiple identities in understanding identity development in American Indian adolescents. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Identificación Social , Adolescente , Grupos de Población Continentales , Grupos Étnicos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagen
3.
J Surg Res ; 257: 389-393, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892135

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Female researchers are underrepresented in academic surgery. While they are increasingly producing original research, they lag male researchers in productivity. This disparity is not well understood within the nascent field of global surgery. The following study examines gender parity in global surgery research presented at the Academic Surgical Congress and within subsequent publications. METHODS: Abstracts presented at the Academic Surgical Congress (ASC) between 2015 and 2019 in "Global Surgery" sessions were reviewed to obtain title, the first author (FA) and senior author (SA). The authors were classified by gender. The Scopus database was queried by two reviewers for abstracts with corresponding publications, citations, and journal impact factors. Statistical analysis was conducted using chi-square analysis and t-tests where appropriate. RESULTS: Of a total of 6635 abstracts, 218 global surgery abstracts over a 5-year period were identified. Of these abstracts, 96 (44%) had female FAs, while 56 (26%) had female SAs. When comparing gender, female (44%) FAs and male (56%) FAs were equally represented. While SAs were significantly less likely to be female (26% versus 74%, P < 0.0001), female senior authorship increased significantly within the study period. Output with respect to publications, citations, and journal impact factors were equal by gender. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents 5 y of gender trends in global surgery scholarly work presented at the ASC. Despite an overall predominance of male senior authors, the paradigm is shifting with a recent trend to gender parity. Male and female authors have equal output and are equally impactful. Findings of gender equity in academic global surgery are encouraging, and further study of other disciplines are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Identidad de Género , Cirugía General/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Global/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e49912, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1122747

RESUMEN

Objetivo: identificar as práticas sexuais de jovens universitários em seus relacionamentos afetivos e analisar a percepção dos estudantes em relação à vulnerabilidade às Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis. Método: estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado em 2016, no Rio de Janeiro, com 30 universitários, ambos os sexos, faixa etária 18 - 29 anos, que participaram de grupos focais. Dados discursivos foram analisados com auxílio do software NVivo 9 e técnica de análise de conteúdo. Respeitaram-se os procedimentos éticos de pesquisa envolvendo seres humanos. Resultados: na análise, emergiram duas categorias: As práticas sexuais dos universitários nos tempos atuais; Os jovens e a percepção de vulnerabilidade às IST. Os jovens vivenciam a sexualidade com liberdade no tocante à identidade de gênero, expressão de gênero e orientação sexual, estabelecendo uma pluralidade de relacionamentos e parceiros. Os estudantes se reconhecem como um grupo vulnerável. Conclusão: as condutas sexuais dos universitários os deixam vulneráveis aos agravos de saúde, como as infecções sexualmente transmissíveis.


Objective: to identify the sexual practices of young university students in their affective relationships and to analyze how they perceive their vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections. Method: this qualitative, descriptive study was carried out in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, with 30 university students of both sexes, aged 18-29 years, who participated in focal groups. Discourse data were analyzed using the NVivo 9 software and content analysis technique. The ethics of research procedures involving human beings were respected. Results: two categories emerged in the analysis: present-day sexual practices of university students; young people and perception of vulnerability to STIs. Young people experience sexuality freely as regards gender identity, gender expression and sexual orientation, and establish a plurality of relationships and partners. Students recognize themselves to be a vulnerable group. Conclusion: university students' sexual conduct leaves them vulnerable to health problems, such as sexually transmitted infections.


Objetivo: identificar las prácticas sexuales de jóvenes universitarios en sus relaciones afectivas y analizar cómo perciben su vulnerabilidad a las infecciones de transmisión sexual. Método: estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, realizado en 2016 en Río de Janeiro, con 30 estudiantes universitarios de ambos sexos, de 18 a 29 años, que participaron en grupos focales. Los datos del discurso se analizaron utilizando el software NVivo 9 y la técnica de análisis de contenido. Se respetó la ética de los procedimientos de investigación con seres humanos. Resultados: en el análisis surgieron dos categorías: prácticas sexuales actuales de estudiantes universitarios; jóvenes y percepción de vulnerabilidad a las ITS. Los jóvenes experimentan libremente la sexualidad en cuanto a identidad de género, expresión de género y orientación sexual, y establecen una pluralidad de relaciones y parejas. Los estudiantes se reconocen a sí mismos como un grupo vulnerable. Conclusión: la conducta sexual de los estudiantes universitarios los deja vulnerables a problemas de salud, como infecciones de transmisión sexual.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Joven , Conducta Sexual , Estudiantes , Universidades , Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual , Vulnerabilidad en Salud , Percepción , Brasil , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Sexualidad , Investigación Cualitativa , Sexo Inseguro , Identidad de Género
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 932, 2020 Dec 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287723

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Trans-women sex workers bear the greatest brunt of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). Trans-women are 49 times more at risk of HIV infections compared to the general population. However, they remain underserved and continue to grapple with access to and utilisation of HIV/STI prevention services. This study explored barriers to access and utilisation of HIV/STI prevention services and associated coping mechanisms. METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was conducted among trans-women sex workers in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan area, Uganda. A total of 22 in-depth interviews, 6 key informant interviews and 9 focus group discussions were conducted to obtain data on barriers to access and utilisation of HIV and other STI prevention and care services, and coping strategies of trans-women sex workers. Data were analysed through thematic analysis using a hybrid of inductive and deductive approaches. RESULTS: Individual level barriers to access and utilisation of HIV/STI prevention and care services included internalised stigma and low socio-economic status. Healthcare system barriers included social exclusion and lack of recognition by other key population groups; stigmatisation by some healthcare providers; breach of confidentiality by some healthcare providers; limited hours of operation of some key population-friendly healthcare facilities; discrimination by straight patients and healthcare providers; stockout of STI drugs; inadequate access to well-equipped treatment centres and high cost of drugs. At community level, transphobia hindered access and utilisation of HIV/STI prevention and care services. The coping strategies included use of substitutes such as lotions, avocado or yoghurt to cope with a lack of lubricants. Herbs were used as substitutes for STI drugs, while psychoactive substances were used to cope with stigma and discrimination, and changing the dress code to hide their preferred gender identity. CONCLUSIONS: Individual, community and healthcare system barriers hindered access and utilisation of HIV/STI prevention and care services among the trans-women sex workers. There is a need to create an enabling environment in order to enhance access to and utilisation of HIV/STI prevention and care services for trans-women sex workers through sensitisation of healthcare providers, other key population groups and the community at large on the transgender identity.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , VIH , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Trabajadores Sexuales , Personas Transgénero , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Identidad de Género , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Infecciones por VIH/virología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Homosexualidad Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación Cualitativa , Estigma Social , Uganda/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
8.
Medisan ; 24(6)
Artículo en Español | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143276

RESUMEN

Introducción: El análisis de género en los diferentes aspectos de la vida, en especial en las Ciencias de la Salud, se hace cada vez con mayor frecuencia. Múltiples son los estudios realizados,desde la perspectiva de género, en la esfera social, económica, productiva y política que pueden ser revisados por diferentes vías y, en muchos casos, generan dudas por el desconocimiento de su significado, lo que dificulta su conceptualización a partir del contexto dondese generan o se asumen como sinónimos de manera errada. Es necesaria una recopilación de información al respecto para unificar criterios acerca de dichos términos. Objetivo: sistematizar a través de la gestión del conocimiento y la información los conceptos relacionados con la perspectiva de género en las Ciencias de la Salud en un glosario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de carácter transversal, mediante el análisis documental, la revisión bibliográfica, el análisis de artículos de revistas de primer impactoespañol e inglés, así como de las experiencias de eventos científicos y congresos. Se utilizaron las palabras clave perspectiva de género, ciencias de la salud, equidad de género, género, glosario. Las consultas se realizaron en Scopus, Latindex, EBSCO Health, PubMed (buscador), SciELO y PsycINFO. Desarrollo: Se realizó el análisis de cada uno de los términos relacionados con la perspectiva de género que se utilizan con frecuencia en las ciencias de la salud. Conclusiones: La conceptualización realizada contribuye a la comprensión de términos desde la sistematización de los referentes.Se logróconfeccionar un glosario de términos con la perspectiva de género en las ciencias de la salud.


Introduction: Gender analysis in the different aspects of life, specially in the health sciences, is more and more frequent. Many studies have been carried out, from gender perspective in the social, economic, productive and political sphere which may be reviewed through different ways and, in many cases, create doubts as their meanings are unknown, what makes difficult their conceptualization according to the context in which they are created, or they are wrongly used as synonyms. It is necessary to gather information on the topic to unify criteria on them Objective: to systematize the related concepts, through knowledge management, with gender perspective in the health sciences by means of a glossary for health science. Method: A retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out by means of the documental analysis to first impact journals, literature review, as well as through experiences from scientific events and congresses. Key word as gender perspective, health sciences, gender equality, gender, glossary. Searches were made in Scopus, Latindex, EBSCO Health, PubMed (browser), SciELO and PsycINFO. Development: Each term related to gender perspective frequently used in health sciences was analyze. Conclusions: The conceptualization carried out contributes to the understanding of terms after systematizing them. A glossary of terms with gender perspective in health sciences was achieved.


Asunto(s)
Gestión del Conocimiento , Análisis de Género , Equidad de Género , Perspectiva de Género , Ciencias de la Salud , Igualdad de Género , Identidad de Género
9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(11): e2024583, 2020 11 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165609

RESUMEN

Importance: The Press Ganey Outpatient Medical Practice Survey is used to measure the patient experience. An understanding of the patient- and physician-related determinants of the patient experience may help identify opportunities to improve health care delivery and physician ratings. Objective: To evaluate the associations between the patient experience as measured by scores on the Press Ganey survey and patient-physician racial/ethnic and gender concordance. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional analysis of Press Ganey surveys returned for outpatient visits within the University of Pennsylvania Health System between 2014 and 2017 was performed. Participants included adult patient and physician dyads for whom surveys were returned. Data analysis was performed from January to June 2019. Exposures: Patient-physician racial/ethnic and gender concordance. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was receipt of the maximum score for the "likelihood of your recommending this care provider to others" question in the Care Provider domain of the Press Ganey survey. Secondary outcomes included each of the remaining 9 questions in the Care Provider domain. Generalized estimating equations clustering on physicians with exchangeable intracluster correlations and cluster-robust standard errors were used to investigate associations between the outcomes and patient-physician racial/ethnic and gender concordance. Results: In total, 117 589 surveys were evaluated, corresponding to 92 238 unique patients (mean [SD] age, 57.7 [15.6] years; 37 002 men [40.1%]; 75 307 White patients [81.6%]) and 747 unique physicians (mean [SD] age 45.5 [10.6] years; 472 men [63.2%]; 533 White physicians [71.4%]). Compared with racially/ethnically concordant patient-physician dyads, discordance was associated with a lower likelihood of physicians receiving the maximum score (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.82-0.94; P < .001). Black (adjusted OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.68-0.78; P < .001) and Asian (adjusted OR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.50-0.60; P < .001) patient race were both associated with lower patient experience ratings. Patient-physician gender concordance was not associated with Press Ganey scores (adjusted OR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.96-1.04; P = .90). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, higher Press Ganey survey scores were associated with racial/ethnic concordance between patients and their physicians. Efforts to improve physician workforce diversity are imperative. Delivery of health care in a culturally mindful manner between racially/ethnically discordant patient-physician dyads is also essential. Furthermore, Press Ganey scores may differ by a physician's patient demographic mix; thus, care must be taken when publicly reporting or using Press Ganey scores to evaluate physicians on an individual level.


Asunto(s)
Grupos Étnicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción del Paciente/etnología , Satisfacción del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Relaciones Médico-Paciente/ética , Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Prestación de Atención de Salud/métodos , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Evaluación del Resultado de la Atención al Paciente , Pennsylvania/epidemiología , Calidad de la Atención de Salud/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 37: 58, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209185

RESUMEN

There has been an increased recognition of the importance of men in the global HIV response. Previous studies indicate that in different settings, men are generally less engaged in various HIV services besides having worse health outcomes in comparison to the women. Some of the main factors behind this, based on the previous studies include social factors, gender factors, economic factors, political factors, as well as institutional factors. Recently, various scholars have been reporting evidence concerning the strategies, which aims to improve the levels of engagement of men when it comes to HIV services. There are a number of highly promising approaches, which have been suggested, which includes community-based outreach programs, gender-transformative interventions aimed at shifting gender practices and norms, as well as the development of highly responsive and male-friendly health services. Despite the fact that a number of initiatives have been put in place, there are different kind of challenges, which still remain, more so with regards to costs, as well as sustainability, intersecting inequalities such as class and race, and the challenges, which are faced with regards to altering the community-level gender norms.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/psicología , África del Sur del Sahara , Relaciones Comunidad-Institución , Identidad de Género , Infecciones por VIH/terapia , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238526

RESUMEN

Mounting evidence reveals considerable racial inequities in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes in the United States (US). Area-level racial bias has been associated with multiple adverse health outcomes, but its association with COVID-19 is yet unexplored. Combining county-level data from Project Implicit on implicit and explicit anti-Black bias among non-Hispanic Whites, Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center, and The New York Times, we used adjusted linear regressions to estimate overall COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates through 01 July 2020, Black and White incidence rates through 28 May 2020, and Black-White incidence rate gaps on average area-level implicit and explicit racial bias. Across 2994 counties, the average COVID-19 mortality rate (standard deviation) was 1.7/10,000 people (3.3) and average cumulative COVID-19 incidence rate was 52.1/10,000 (77.2). Higher racial bias was associated with higher overall mortality rates (per 1 standard deviation higher implicit bias b = 0.65/10,000 (95% confidence interval: 0.39, 0.91); explicit bias b = 0.49/10,000 (0.27, 0.70)) and higher overall incidence (implicit bias b = 8.42/10,000 (4.64, 12.20); explicit bias b = 8.83/10,000 (5.32, 12.35)). In 957 counties with race-specific data, higher racial bias predicted higher White and Black incidence rates, and larger Black-White incidence rate gaps. Anti-Black bias among Whites predicts worse COVID-19 outcomes and greater inequities. Area-level interventions may ameliorate health inequities.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Europea/psicología , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Racismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Afroamericanos , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
14.
Can Rev Sociol ; 57(4): 523-549, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151625

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic created rapid, wide-ranging, and significant disruptions to work and family life. Accordingly, these dramatic changes may have reshaped parents' gendered division of labor in the short term. Using data from 1,234 Canadian parents in different-sex relationships, we compare retrospective reports of perceived sharing in how housework and childcare tasks were split prior to the declaration of the pandemic to assessments of equality afterward. Further, we describe perceptions of changes in fathers' engagement in these tasks overall, by respondent gender, and by employment arrangements before and during the pandemic. Results indicate small shifts toward a more equal division of labor in the early "lockdown" months, with increased participation in housework and childcare by fathers, supporting the needs exposure hypothesis. We conclude by discussing gender differences in parents' reports and potential implications for longer term gender equality.


Asunto(s)
Cuidado del Niño , Relaciones Familiares , Equidad de Género , Servicio de Limpieza , Pandemias , Padres , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Niño , Preescolar , Empleo , Padre , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sexismo , Trabajo , Adulto Joven
16.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0234961, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151957

RESUMEN

Power can be applied in different domains (e.g., politics, work, romantic relationships, family etc.), however, we do not always reflect on which domains we have power in and how important power in these domains is. A dominant idea is that men have more power than women. This notion may be biased because the concept of power is associated with public life. We introduce the concept of preference-weighted power (PWP), a measure of power that includes different domains in life, weighted by the domains' subjective importance. Two studies investigated power from this perspective. In Study 1, participants generated words related to power, which were quantified/categorized by latent semantic analysis to develop a semantic measure of the power construct. In Study 2, we computed a PWP index by weighting the participants' self-rated power in different power domains with the importance of having power in that domain. Together the studies suggest that men have more perceived power in the public domain, however, this domain has a lower preference weighting than the private domain where women have more power than men. Finally, when preferences for power in different domains were considered, no gender differences were observed. These results emphasize gender difference in different domains and may change how we perceive men's and women's power in our society.


Asunto(s)
Poder Psicológico , Caracteres Sexuales , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Hombres , Persona de Mediana Edad , Política , Conducta Sexual/psicología , Adulto Joven
17.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241214, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211742

RESUMEN

Medical advances in assisted reproductive technology have created new ways for transgender persons to become parents outside the context of adoption. The limited empirical data does not support the idea that trans-parenthood negatively impacts children's development. However, the question has led to lively societal debates making the need for evidence-based studies urgent. We aimed to compare cognitive development, mental health, gender identity, quality of life and family dynamics using standardized instruments and experimental protocols in 32 children who were conceived by donor sperm insemination (DSI) in French couples with a cisgender woman and a transgender man, the transition occurring before conception. We constituted two control groups matched for age, gender and family status. We found no significant difference between groups regarding cognitive development, mental health, and gender identity, meaning that neither the transgender fatherhood nor the use of DSI had any impact on these characteristics. The results of the descriptive analysis showed positive psycho-emotional development. Additionally, when we asked raters to differentiate the family drawings of the group of children of trans-fathers from those who were naturally conceived, no rater was able to differentiate the groups above chance levels, meaning that what children expressed through family drawing did not indicate cues related to trans-fatherhood. However, when we assessed mothers and fathers with the Five-Minute Speech Sample, we found that the emotions expressed by transgender fathers were higher than those of cisgender fathers who conceived by sex or by DSI. We conclude that the first empirical data regarding child development in the context of trans-parenthood are reassuring. We believe that this research will also improve transgender couple care and that of their children in a society where access to care remains difficult in this population. However, further research is needed with adolescents and young adults.


Asunto(s)
Familia/psicología , Padre/psicología , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Personas Transgénero/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Salud del Niño , Estudios Transversales , Emociones/fisiología , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Madres/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Padres/psicología , Calidad de Vida
18.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 42(4): 49, 2020 Oct 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048278

RESUMEN

COVID-19 has been called "a disaster for feminism" (Lewis in The coronavirus is a disaster for feminism, 2020) for numerous reasons. In this short piece, we make sense of this claim, drawing on intersectional feminism(s) to understand why an analysis that considers gender alone is inadequate to address both the risks and consequences of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Feminismo , Identidad de Género , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Política , Humanos
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050069

RESUMEN

"Chosen family"-families formed outside of biological or legal (bio-legal) bonds-is a signature of the queer experience. Therefore, we address the stakes of "chosen family" for queer and transgender (Q/T) young adults in terms of health, illness and the mutual provision of care. "Chosen family" is a refuge specifically generated by and for the queer experience, so we draw upon anthropological theory to explore questions of queer kinship in terms of care. We employ a phenomenological approach to semi-structured interviews (n = 11), open coding, and thematic analysis of transcriptions to meet our aims: (1) Develop an understanding of the beliefs and values that form the definition of "chosen family" for Q/T young adults; and (2) Understand the ways in which "chosen family" functions in terms of care for health and illness. Several themes emerged, allowing us to better understand the experiences of this population in navigating the concept of "chosen family" within and beyond health care settings. Emergent themes include: (1) navigating medical systems; (2) leaning on each other; and (3) mutual aid. These findings are explored, as are the implications of findings for how health care professionals can better engage Q/T individuals and their support networks.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Personas Transgénero , Grupos Étnicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Familia , Identidad de Género , Salud , Humanos , Adulto Joven
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