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2.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 346-366, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372381

RESUMEN

Intuitively distinguishing the myriad of critically informed paradigms requires an in-depth analysis of genealogies, histories, and philosophical underpinnings grounding each paradigm. Despite significant parallels between queer theory and intersectionality theory, the distinction of these two paradigms acts in both complicated and complementary manners that necessitate a dialogue on the contributions emanating from both paradigms to LGBTQ studies. This article targets the following goals: (1) explicate genealogy, history, and philosophical tenets of intersectionality and queer theory; (2) dialogue about the complementary yet complex relationships between the two paradigms; and (3) illustrate the promise of the complex relationship and distinction for LGBTQ studies.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad , Teoría Psicológica , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Educación , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Homosexualidad/historia , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/historia
3.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 398-416, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403565

RESUMEN

This study asks, What are the material conditions under which queer studies is done in the academy? It finds a longstanding association of queer studies with the well-resourced, selective colleges and flagship campuses that are the drivers of class and race stratification in higher education in the U.S. That is, the field of queer studies, as a recognizable academic formation, has been structured by the material and intellectual resources of precisely those institutions that most steadfastly refuse to adequately serve poor and minority students, including poor and minority queer students. In response, "poor queer studies" calls for a critical reorientation of queer studies toward working-poor schools, students, theories, and pedagogies. Taking the College of Staten Island, CUNY as a case study, it argues for structural crossing over or "queer-class ferrying" between high-status institutions that have so brilliantly dominated queer studies' history and low-status worksites of poor queer studies.


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Grupos de Población Continentales , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Clase Social , Factores Socioeconómicos , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades
4.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 244-264, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403568

RESUMEN

Sexual orientation has been linked to certain health conditions, and yet quantifying sexual orientation in longitudinal studies is challenging. This study examined different methods of accounting for sexual orientation in a cohort study of 300 homeless and unstably housed women followed every 6 months over 3 years. Altogether, 39.7% (n = 119) could be considered sexual minority at one or more time points based on identity and/or behavior; 16.3% (n = 49) reported shifts in sexual identity. Only 24.0% (n = 72) were identified as sexual minority through a single measure of sexual identity, 27.0% (n = 81) were identified with a single measure of identity and behavior, 33.0% (n = 99) were identified through annual measures of identity and behavior, and 22.0%-22.3% (n = 66-67) were identified through latent class analysis including all identity/behavior measures. This study found that sexual fluidity is common in unstably housed women, and many sexual minority women would be missed in longitudinal studies with different methods of accounting for sexual orientation.


Asunto(s)
Personas sin Hogar , Conducta Sexual , Adulto , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Persona de Mediana Edad , Minorías Sexuales y de Género
5.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 384-397, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346871

RESUMEN

This essay maps the epistemological terrain trans* studies may face as it is widely incorporated into queer studies programs, often housed within women's studies departments. Over the past two decades, queer studies and women's studies have rapidly professionalized, producing new modes of disciplinary power that may seek to either include or cite trans* studies, often without fully welcoming its specific material and political investments. Under such conditions, trans* studies may find itself heard largely as a but-an epistemic blockage, a distraction from proper objects, a hindrance to customary methods-that must be disciplined.


Asunto(s)
Investigación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Transexualismo , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Mujeres
6.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 174-188, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346908

RESUMEN

The film ratings system employed by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) has been criticized by LGBTQ critics who claim the system discriminates by holding queer content to a higher ratings standard than content in other films. The MPAA argues the constituency for its ratings system is parents in traditional families who may find queer themes inappropriate for their children. Paradoxically, a number of organizations serving adolescents identifying as LGBTQ or as questioning their sexualities have created lists of recommended films, many of whose MPAA ratings make them virtually off-limits to teens unless their parents approve. Cyberspace is also populated with lists of films recommended for teens regardless of their sexuality and gender identity. This article compares ratings distributions for lists of films recommended for queer teens and those recommended for mainstream teens and finds evidence of negative impact on access by queer teens to potentially helpful film content.


Asunto(s)
Películas Cinematográficas/normas , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Control Social Formal , Estados Unidos
7.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 305-314, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335583

RESUMEN

Increasingly popular in the neoliberal university, community-engaged service-learning (CESL) courses offer rich yet contradictory opportunities for LGBTQ studies students to synthesize queer critiques of community and identity with experiences in LGBTQ communities. Much CESL scholarship has focused on the tensions between benefits to community and to students, prioritizing either radical social change or student satisfaction. Beside such debates, I propose the queer ethical, pedagogical, and political value of disappointment in the tedium and contradictions of community itself. Such queer disappointment, I contend, might enable students to cultivate the emotional and critical capacities to engage in community work on sustainable, dedramatized, and unentitled terms.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción Personal , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Características de la Residencia , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Cambio Social
8.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 367-383, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335589

RESUMEN

This essay examines the intersection of queerness and social class as it impinges on the field of LGBTQ+ studies. Specifically, it considers some of the disciplinary aims of queer critique in relation to the challenges facing first-generation queer scholars; in so doing, it suggests how forms of difference operate in relation to the personal over time. As a discipline committed to intersectional frameworks, LGBTQ+ studies (and its ongoing evolution) might thus usefully foreground overlapping understandings of outsiderness: namely, how queerness might be experienced as a form of class, and how class might be experienced as a form of queerness.


Asunto(s)
Homosexualidad , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Clase Social , Escolaridad , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Investigación
9.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 315-324, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335590

RESUMEN

This think piece provides a critical analysis of the terms lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) from an international perspective that draws on citizenship studies, providing some indications of the implications for LGBTQ studies. It outlines difficulties with the LGBTQ acronym in the Global North and South. Internationally, scholarship to support the human rights of non-heterosexuals and gender-diverse people is badly needed, but the think piece concludes that it is crucial to consider the social context of different cases, and to address the materialist, cultural, neo-colonial, and other forces that affect the formation of non-heterosexual and gender-diverse identities.


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Variación Biológica Poblacional , Bisexualidad , Diversidad Cultural , Femenino , Homosexualidad , Humanos , Masculino , Personas Transgénero
10.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 294-304, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335600

RESUMEN

Drawing on my experience as a queer, genderqueer, Puerto Rican counselor educator, this article considers how LGBTQAI+ studies and academia can expand to better include people with multiple marginalized identities. This article highlights some of the contradictions that educators face when engaging in the liberatory praxis that connects and creates a sense of belonging during these tumultuous times. This reflection suggests a decolonizing approach to intersectionality and highlights the importance of transcending binary discourse to engage in deconstructing the multiple layers of colonization in our internal and external spaces that is necessary for liberatory praxis. Finally, a few recommendations for how LGBTQAI+ studies and academia can support scholars with multiple marginalized identities are identified.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Distancia Social , Éxito Académico , Grupos Étnicos , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Homosexualidad/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/educación , Minorías Sexuales y de Género/psicología , Apoyo Social , Enseñanza , Escritura
11.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 58-78, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30307840

RESUMEN

Masculine overcompensation-a phenomenon where men react to masculinity threats by endorsing hypermasculine ideals-has been demonstrated among straight men but has yet to be examined among gay men. The current study therefore proposed to examine whether gay men overcompensate similarly to their straight counterparts by providing participants with randomized feedback that threatened their masculinity. Overcompensation was measured in 867 online respondents by administering a series of questionnaires regarding views of pornography, rape, sex roles, and political orientation. Although our hypothesis was not confirmed, results revealed the intersectionality of both sexual orientation and self-reported gender expression regarding the formation of different views and beliefs. Specifically, masculinity was differentially related to homophobic attitudes, more callous views toward victims of sexual assault, and various components of attitudes toward pornography in gay and straight men. Masculine gay males held stereotypically masculine views less strongly than their masculine straight counterparts, providing evidence that gay males adopt a different type of masculinity than straight males-something of a "masculinity lite." Such findings point to the converging influence of sexual orientation and gender expression as contributors relevant to the attitudes of gay and straight men. This information adds to a growing body of literature on differences between gay and straight men and can be used to inform theory, education, and clinical practice, particularly in settings where men grapple with the implications of their masculinity.


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Homosexualidad Masculina/psicología , Masculinidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Actitud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estereotipo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
12.
J Homosex ; 67(1): 1-34, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362925

RESUMEN

Schools are often heteronormative environments, negatively influencing the wellbeing of LGB students. Less is known about the impact on gender-variant adolescents. Hence, this study investigates the wellbeing of gender-variant students-as evidenced by their gender (a)typicality and pressure for gender conformity- in different school cultures-as evidenced by the level of traditional gender role attitudes and homonegativity. We examine these context-dependent associations in a sample of 4987 Flemish students, who were questioned three times in 2012-2014. Multilevel regression analyses show that both gender-typical and atypical adolescents feel worse in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Furthermore, the social acceptance of boys seems to be more conditional on gender-conformity in heteronormative than inclusive schools. Overall, inclusive schools ensure higher wellbeing for all students (regardless of sex or gender variance), and student-teacher relationships seem central in explaining these school differences. Implications for school policy as well as research considering heteronormativity and gender-variance are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Bienestar del Niño , Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas , Normas Sociales
13.
Klin Padiatr ; 232(1): 5-12, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847010

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Gender dysphoria (GD) in childhood and adolescence is characterized by an incongruence between sex at birth and gender identity, which usually increases during puberty. Gender dysphoric children and adolescents often suffer from psychological comorbidities such as depression. The purpose of our study is to give an overview of the patients treated in our clinic. METHODS: We analyzed data of 66 patients who presented with GD at our outpatient clinic between 2005 and 2018. RESULTS: We noted a rise of presentations with one or no patient with GD per year between 2005 and 2008 up to 18 patients in 2018, although the percentage of all 14.339 endocrinological outpatients (2005-2018) is low. 54 patients were assigned as female and 12 as male at birth resulting in a ratio of 4.5:1. The mean age at their first appointment was 13.6 years. 49 patients (74%) had reached tanner stadium P3/B3 or P3/G3. 30 (45%) showed symptoms of a comorbidity related to GD. 48 (73%) showed symptoms of GD before puberty. 15 patients (23%) experienced a negative response regarding their outing and 17 (26%) were victims of mobbing in school. CONCLUSION: The number of patients increased in the last years. About half of the patients suffered from a psychological comorbidity. They often experienced negative response regarding their GD in the family. The variability of appearance and the comorbidities pose the challenge in the treatment of gender dysphoric children and adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Disforia de Género/psicología , Disforia de Género/cirugía , Cirugía de Reasignación de Sexo , Personas Transgénero/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Comorbilidad , Femenino , Disforia de Género/diagnóstico , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Maduración Sexual
14.
Rev. latinoam. cienc. soc. niñez juv ; 17(2): 262-296, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043052

RESUMEN

Resumo (analítico) O objetivo do estudo foi analisar as perspectivas de permanência no meio rural e sucessão familiar na agricultura dos jovens e das jovens rurais estudantes do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Campus Sertão. Este estudo é uma pesquisa quantitativa. Os dados empíricos foram obtidos com questionário que contemplou a totalidade dos jovens e das jovens rurais do Campus e posteriormente foram analisados pelo programa estatístico PSPP (análises de frequência e correlação, com teste chi-square). Concluiu-se que os jovens rurais do sexo masculino são mais incentivados e têm mais interesse em serem gestores e sucessores das propriedades rurais e em permanecer no campo. Estudar na área de ciências agrárias também aumenta o interesse em serem sucessores, mas não diminui a diferença de gênero.


Abstract (analytical) The objective of the study was to analyze the possibilities of permanence in rural zones and family succession in agriculture among urban and rural students at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Sul, Sertão Campus. The empirical data in this quantitative study was obtained through a survey that included all of the rural and urban youth at the campus. This data was later analyzed by the PSPP statistical program (chi-square test). It was concluded that young rural men are more encouraged and more interested in being the operators and successors of rural properties and have more interest in continuing to live in rural areas. Agricultural science students also demonstrate more interest in family succession, but the gender different remains in this population.


Resumen (analítico) El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las perspectivas de permanencia en el medio rural y la sucesión familiar en la agricultura de los jóvenes y de las jóvenes rurales estudiantes del Instituto Federal de Educación, Ciencia y Tecnología de Rio Grande do Sul, Campus Sertão. Este estudio es una investigación cuantitativa. Los datos empíricos fueron obtenidos mediante cuestionario que comprendió la totalidad de los jóvenes y de las jóvenes rurales del Campus, y posteriormente fue analizado por el programa estadístico PSPP (Análisis de frecuencia y correlación, con prueba Chi-square). Se concluyó que los jóvenes rurales del sexo masculino son más incentivados y tienen más interés en ser gestores y sucesores de las propiedades rurales y en permanecer en el campo. Estudiar en el área de las ciencias agrarias también aumenta el interés en ser sucesores, pero no disminuye la diferencia de género.


Asunto(s)
Estudiantes , Migración Interna , Adolescente , Identidad de Género
17.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25020, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047932

RESUMEN

Este artigo analisa as tarefas motoras propostas no âmbito da Educação Física, tanto pelo professor quanto no jogo livre, a partir de uma perspectiva de gênero. A partir de uma observação participante, obtêm-se as tarefas propostas nas sessões de Educação Física de uma escola na cidade de Meliana, na província de Valência (Espanha). São analisadas e contextualizadas 134 tarefas motoras na estrutura educacional. Os resultados mostram que há uma tendência a promover um certo modelo de comportamento comum quando o professor exerce maior diretividade. Por outro lado, quando o professor oferece liberdade para escolher, há uma tendência a reproduzir os estereótipos de gênero dominantes


El presente artículo analiza las tareas motrices propuestas en el ámbito de la Educación Física, tanto por el maestro como en el juego libre, desde una perspectiva de género. A partir de una observación participante se obtienen las tareas propuestas en las sesiones de Educación Física de una escuela en la localidad de Meliana, en la provincia de Valencia (España). Se constatan 134 tareas motrices que se analizan y contextualizan en el marco educativo. Los resultados muestran que se tiende a impulsar un cierto modelo de comportamiento común cuando el docente ejerce mayor directividad. En cambio, cuando el profesor ofrece libertad para escoger, se tienden a reproducir los estereotipos de género dominantes


This article looks into the motor tasks proposed in Physical Education ­ both by teachers and in free play ­ from a gender perspective. Using participant observation, it collected the tasks proposed during Physical Education classes at a school in Meliana, in the Spanish province of Valencia: 134 motor tasks are analyzed and contextualized within the educational framework. The results show a tendency to promote a certain model of common behavior when teachers exercise greater directivity. On the other hand, when they offer freedom to choose, dominant gender stereotypes tend to be reproduced


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Identidad de Género , Actividad Motora , Relaciones Interpersonales
18.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25032, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048143

RESUMEN

O objetivo deste trabalho é compreender a trajetória pessoal de Tifanny Abreu em seu processo de inserção e permanência no voleibol de alto rendimento. Desenvolvemos um estudo de caso descritivo e qualitativo. Para coletar nossos dados, realizamos uma entrevista semiestruturada, posteriormente transcrita e analisada através da técnica de análise de conteúdo. Como resultados, encontramos resistências ao longo da trajetória pessoal de Tifanny envolvendo sua transição de gênero e manutenção no Esporte, o tratamento por parte da mídia e das torcidas e o usufruto do vestiário


This study looks into the personal history of Tifanny Abreu in her process to enter and remain in high performance volleyball. We conducted a descriptive and qualitative case study. To collect our data, we used a semi-structured interview, later transcribed and submitted to content analysis. As results, we found resistance throughout Tifanny's personal history involving her gender transition and permanence in volleyball, her treatment by the media and fans, and her use of the changing room


El objetivo de este trabajo es entender la trayectoria personal de Tifanny Abreu en su proceso de inserción y permanencia en el voleibol de alto rendimiento. Desarrollamos un estudio de caso descriptivo y cualitativo. Para recopilar nuestros datos, realizamos una entrevista semiestructurada, posteriormente transcrita y analizada a través de la técnica de análisis de contenido. Como resultados, encontramos resistencias a lo largo de la trayectoria personal de Tifanny involucrando su transición de género y su permanencia en el deporte, el trato por parte de los medios y de las hinchadas y la utilización de los vestuarios


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Voleibol , Atletas , Personas Transgénero , Deportes , Transexualismo , Identidad de Género
19.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765550

RESUMEN

In recent years scientists actively study the influence of domestic violence on psychological status and occurrence of mental disorders in women and girls. Psychological, physical, sexual and other types of violence are distinguished, the consequences of which are studied in many countries under the auspices of WHO. In international studies the serious consequences of domestic violence for women are investigated. It was found out that women develop stressful disorders, depression and dependence on psychoactive substances. Negative influence of domestic violence at girls is expressed in formation of behavioral disorders, violations of sexual development, suicidal trends. At analysis of consequences of domestic violence by WHO was developed the concept of "cycle of violence" and cruelty inside family when in process of long influence of psychological traumatic factors at women and girls aggressive actions occurred so that victim and aggressor changed places. The objective of the study was to analyze the current state of the problem on the basis of the literature data, to study the data on the consequences of domestic violence and cruelty against women and girls, to identify gender-specific violations.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Trastornos Mentales , Adulto , Agresión , Niño , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/etiología
20.
J Law Med ; 27(1): 149-163, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682347

RESUMEN

The Family Court of Australia has stepped back from a previously perceived need for involvement in the approval of stage 1 and stage 2 treatments, for children requiring gender transformation. At present those children and their families who are in agreement need not seek authorisation of the Family Court to undertake either Stage 1 (pubarche blockade with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists) or Stage 2 treatment (cross-hormone therapy such as oestrogen for transgender males). Stage 1 treatment to suppress pubarche would nowadays be commenced at Tanner stage 2 which commences as early as 9.96 years in girls and 10.14 years in boys. Suppression of puberty continues until the age of 16 years when cross hormonal treatment commences. This article questions the assertion that suppression of puberty by GnRH analogues either in cases of precocious puberty or gender dysphoria is "safe and reversible" and argues that it warrants ongoing caution, despite the Family Court having broadly accepted that assertion.


Asunto(s)
Disforia de Género , Australia , Niño , Femenino , Identidad de Género , Humanos , Masculino , Pubertad , Maduración Sexual
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