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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528460

RESUMEN

This study aimed to histologically analyze the bony tissue formed around dental implants after osseointegration. A 58-year-old patient presented with pain and discomfort caused by two dental implants in her maxilla placed 8 months earlier. At clinical and radiographic analysis, the implants appeared well osseointegrated but tilted buccally, emerging in nonkeratinized mucosa. For this reason, the discomfort began right after the prosthetic load, 4 months after implant placement, and the patient felt pain when wearing the implant-supported removable prosthesis. Both implants were made of titanium, airborne-particle abraded with zirconium oxide, and etched with mineral acids. The implants were removed, preserving the bone around the implant threads, and replaced with two new implants, inserted in a prosthetically guided, correct position. The removed implants were histologically observed. Histologic analysis showed good bone-to-implant contact, mature bone with few marrow spaces, presence of direct connecting bridges between the peri-implant bone trabeculae and the implant surface, and no inflammatory cells nor connective fibrous tissue ingrowth. This study showed that dental implants coated with a rough surface were properly osseointegrated, with no inflammatory signs nor connective fibrous tissue ingrowth, 8 months after placement.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Oseointegración , Implantación Dental Endoósea , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Maxilar/cirugía , Persona de Mediana Edad , Propiedades de Superficie , Titanio
2.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 36(1): 21-29, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600519

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To assess the postoperative complications and outcome (implant survival) of quad zygomatic implants inserted in patients with edentulism and severely atrophic maxillae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent reviewers conducted an electronic search of the literature (PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO, Web of Science) from January 2000 to February 2019. The inclusion criteria were articles published in English reporting data of at least five patients with severely atrophic edentulous maxillae undergoing placement of four zygomatic implants without additional insertion of standard implants, with a minimum of 6 months of follow-up. Data extracted included number of patients, characteristics of the maxillary defect, number of zygomatic implants, implant details, surgical procedure, prosthetic rehabilitation, postoperative complications, survival rate, and length of follow-up after definitive prosthesis delivery. RESULTS: Eleven studies with 166 patients were included. The heterogeneity among studies was not significant. The pooled incidence rates of complications were as follows: sinusitis 12% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4% to 23%), malposition and surgical guiding failure 11% (95% CI: 3% to 21%), local infection/injury 10% (95% CI: 3% to 18%), and prosthetic complications 5% (95% CI: 0% to 13%). The implant survival rate ranged between 95.8% and 100%, and the pooled implant survival rate in the meta-analysis was 98% (95% CI: 97% to 99%). CONCLUSION: Quad zygomatic implants inserted in patients with severely atrophic edentulous maxillae have a high implant survival rate, but the incidence of complications should not be underestimated.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Arcada Edéntula , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Arcada Edéntula/cirugía , Maxilar/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Cigoma/cirugía
3.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 36(1): 68-74, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600525

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test in vitro the bacterial microleakage at the Morse taper implant-abutment connection with switched platform subjected to functional load and thermocycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 Morse taper implant-abutment connections with switched platforms (12 implants per group) were used. The abutments were attached to implants and presented in four groups: group 1, control; group 2, subjected to thermocycling; group 3, subjected to cyclic compressive loading; and group 4, subjected to thermocycling and cyclic compressive loading. All groups were then inoculated in Eppendorf tubes including three types of bacterial suspensions: Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa for 7 and 14 days to detect possibility of bacterial infiltration from outside to the internal chamber of the implant. RESULTS: Implants not exposed to cyclic loading and thermocycling (group 1) and those exposed to thermocycling (group 2) exhibited no infiltration of E faecalis, S aureus, and P aeruginosa from outside to the inner chamber of the implant, while infiltration of P aeruginosa was only observed in implants subjected to cyclic loading only (group 3) and those subjected to cyclic loading in conjunction with thermocycling (group 4). CONCLUSION: Microbial leakage at the implant-abutment connection is influenced by the applied load alone and in combination with thermocycling; however, E faecalis and S aureus did not leak at the implant-abutment connection even under these circumstances. Only P aeruginosa infiltrated inside the implant-abutment connection, which might be caused by its swarming motility.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Filtración Dental , Pilares Dentales , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Filtración Dental/etiología , Enterococcus faecalis , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales
4.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 36(1): 106-114, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600530

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This in vitro study aimed to determine the efficacy of a damping capacity assessment in evaluating the implant stability in a simulated peri-implant bone loss model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The same type of implant was placed sequentially in 0.5-mm-depth increments in polyurethane bone of a constant density, resulting in 11 specimens with varying surrounding bone levels. The implant stability was evaluated by a damping capacity assessment consisting of six consecutive impacts in one set. The damping results, including the contact time and stability index, were measured by three repeated sets of stability tests for each specimen. All implant micromotions were recorded in real time using a laser scanning vibrometer during these stability tests. The micromotions were analyzed in terms of three parameters: maximum displacement, expected mobility, and vibration frequency. Additionally, two other stability indices were acquired three times each for reference. Pearson correlation analysis was used to confirm the correlations among all the variables; P < .05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: As the peri-implant bone level increased, the contact time results decreased gradually from 502 to 290 µs, and the stability index increased from 55 to 78. The implant micromotions of all specimens showed a damped sine waveform graph, which can be divided into impact displacement and self-vibration patterns by the contact end points. As the implant stability increased, these contact end points converged toward the third peak, the maximum displacement and expected mobility decreased, and the vibration frequency increased (ρ = -0.85, -0.88, and 0.99, respectively). Two other stability indices reflected the implant stability due to peri-implant bone loss. The statistical analysis indicated significant correlations among all measured variables; in particular, the three stability indices exhibited high correlations with each other (ρ = 0.99, -0.99, and -1.00, respectively). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, the implant stability measured by a damping capacity assessment was suitable for investigating the extent of implant micromotions, which were determined by 0.5-mm horizontal changes in the peri-implant bone level.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Retención de Prótesis Dentales , Huesos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Vibración
5.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 36(1): 115-121, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600531

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Peri-implantitis, a potentially progressive disease that occurs in patients with dental implants, is more aggressive than periodontal lesions, which makes the prevention of peri-implantitis an important priority. Due to problems in the early detection of peri-implantitis, there is an urgent need for discovering novel biologic molecules with the ability of early diagnosis. The goal of this study was to profile the microRNA content of saliva samples collected from patients with titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy dental implants who experienced peri-implantitis and to find potential diagnostic markers for detection of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The microRNA expression profiles of eight saliva samples (four collected from patients with peri-implantitis, four collected from patients who have successful implants) were investigated, and the deregulation of select microRNAs was further confirmed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expressions of 179 microRNAs were found as deregulated in the saliva of peri-implantitis patients in comparison to controls. Then, downregulation of miR-4484 was confirmed in the saliva of peri-implantitis patients in a larger validation cohort. Also, 40% of non-peri-implantitis patients and 78% of peri-implantitis patients had significantly decreased miR-4484 expression in saliva samples collected after 4 to 6 months subsequent to implant placement compared with samples collected before implant placement. CONCLUSION: Considering these findings, microRNA content of saliva might be proposed as a plausible source for the early diagnosis of peri-implantitis, where miR-4484 might serve as an encouraging early diagnostic biomarker.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , MicroARNs , Periimplantitis , Biomarcadores , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Diagnóstico Precoz , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Periimplantitis/diagnóstico , Saliva
6.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 36(1): 131-136, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33600534

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The clinical long-term outcomes of short implants are controversial. The aim of this study was to perform a long-term evaluation of short implants in posterior partially edentulous areas under various conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted with patients who had received 5- to 8-mm short implants to avoid bone grafts and spare anatomical structures between November 2005 and February 2014. Clinical outcomes (primary and secondary stability, marginal bone loss, and success and survival rates) were analyzed according to predictor variables of surgical procedure (submerged vs nonsubmerged), crown/implant ratio (1.5 and 2.0), type of prosthetic (single vs splinted crown), and arch location (maxilla vs mandible). The success rate was evaluated according to Albrektsson's criteria, and 5- and 10-year cumulative survival rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival curves. RESULTS: A total of 148 patients (73 men, 75 women, mean age: 59.2 years) and 225 short implants were analyzed in this study. Over an average period of 6.21 ± 3.09 years, marginal bone loss was 0.43 ± 1.01 mm, and overall success and survival rates were 93.33% ± 25.0% and 97.78% ± 14.77%, respectively. Cumulative 5- and 10-year survival rates were 99.05% ± 0.65% and 96.72% ± 1.62%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Short implants (≤ 8 mm) in posterior edentulous areas showed comparable long-term outcomes of marginal bone loss and success and survival rates with conventional implants regardless of other clinical variables such as surgical procedure, crown/implant ratio, prosthetic type, and arch location.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 42(1): 18-24; quiz 25, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481622

RESUMEN

During and after commonly performed dental surgical procedures, hemorrhaging that is greater than normal can occur in patients who do not have bleeding disorders. This article discusses the management of various potential hemorrhagic scenarios with respect to extractions and periodontal and implant surgeries. Protocols for controlling bleeding are delineated for primary and postoperative hemorrhaging. Background information is provided with respect to blood vessels, hemostatic mechanisms, patient evaluations, and drugs that may need to be suspended prior to dental surgical procedures.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Hemostáticos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Hemostáticos/uso terapéutico , Humanos , Hemorragia Posoperatoria/etiología , Hemorragia Posoperatoria/terapia , Extracción Dental
8.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 29: 98-104, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427228

RESUMEN

The present narrative review provides a summary of the temporal and spatial reactions of the oral microbiome to the placement of a dental implant into the oral cavity, depicting the most important interactions between the oral microbiota and the host response involved in the development of peri-implant infections in humans (i.e., peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis). Starting with the formation of a pellicle to acute and rampant peri-implant inflammation, a number of steps, including biofilm formation, aggressive bacterial invasion, and host defense mechanisms, are involved. Better understanding of the factors related to the host response and changes in the composition of microbiota has led to the development of novel treatment modalities. Finally, a short outlook into the future is provided.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Microbiota , Periimplantitis , Estomatitis , Bacterias , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Periimplantitis/etiología , Estomatitis/etiología
9.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(1 Suppl. 1): 11-18, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33463139

RESUMEN

Implant dentistry has emerged as a first line of treatment to replace missing teeth for both the edentulous and partially dentate patients. Implant dentistry is accompanied by the onset of peri-implantitis (PIM). PIM is characterized by the inflammatory destruction of the implant-supporting tissues, because of biofilm formation on the implant surface. A history of periodontitis, poor oral hygiene, and smoking are considered as risk factors for PIM. Occasionally PIM is associated with iatrogenic factors, that, only recently, have been acknowledged as direct cause of PIM, i.e.: non-parallel adjacent implants or the presence of a gap, between fixture and prosthetic components. The use both of traditional protocols of nonsurgical periodontal therapy and the laser seems to be an effective alternative treatment modality for PMI. By the application of laser-assisted non-surgical peri-implant therapy the periodontal pocket depth was reduced. The present article illustrates the nonsurgical management of one case, where failure to remove residual cement, from an implant-supported dental prosthesis, seemed to cause PMI.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Periimplantitis , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Odontología , Humanos , Rayos Láser , Periimplantitis/etiología , Periimplantitis/terapia , Bolsa Periodontal , Periodontitis/etiología , Periodontitis/terapia
10.
Quintessence Int ; 52(2): 112-121, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433077

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Retrograde peri-implantitis (RPI) is defined as bone loss around an osseointegrated implant apex that usually appears within the first few months of its placement. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the relationships between RPI and demographic factors, local bone and intraoral factors, and implant and surgery-related factors. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A retrospective study was conducted in 116 patients with a total of 369 implants placed between January and June 2019. The associations between RPI and the following data were evaluated: location of the recipient site, bone quality, reason for previous tooth loss, condition of adjacent teeth, marginal bone loss, immediate or late placement of implants, implant brand and size, activation of lesions, and treatment modality.
Results: Among the 14 (3.8%) implants that showed RPI, 10 (5.8%) were in the maxilla and four (?2.0%) were in the mandible, which were detected before prosthetic loading. There was no significant difference in terms of RPI between the arches. Of the 14 RPI implants, four (28.?6%) were placed into a previously periapical lesion site, three (21.4%) had endodontically treated adjacent teeth, two (14.3%) were immediately placed following extraction, three (?21.4%) revealed marginal bone loss, and one (7.1%) was lost at the abutment connection. Eight RPI implants healed spontaneously, while the remaining six were subjected to treatment (P = .05).
Conclusion: Local bone and intraoral factors, particularly the reason for tooth loss at the recipient site and the condition of the adjacent teeth, had stronger effects on RPI than other factors. (Quintessence Int 2021;52:112-121; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.a45264).


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Periimplantitis , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagen , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/cirugía , Protocolos Clínicos , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Mandíbula , Periimplantitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Periimplantitis/terapia , Estudios Retrospectivos
11.
J Oral Sci ; 63(1): 92-97, 2020 Dec 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311012

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Implant component fractures are one of the most serious complications in implant treatment. With a better understanding of the risk factors for fracture in the preoperative, surgery, superstructure, and post-loading phases of implant treatment, low-risk treatment could reduce implant component fractures, leading to a better prognosis. The aim of this study was to clarify the risk factors for abutment and implant fractures that occur after loading, and to perform a retrospective, approximately 10-year follow-up study to explore the risk factors in each treatment phase. METHODS: Subjects were fitted with an implant prosthesis between January 2008 and December 2009. In total, 1,126 Ankylos implants in 430 patients were included for analysis. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to extract factors related to non-fracture and fracture of the abutment or implant as a dependent variable. RESULTS: Gender (OR = 3.466, 95% CI 1.296-9.268, P = 0.013), gonial angle (OR = 3.420, 95% CI 1.308-8.945, P = 0.012), and splinting status of the superstructure (OR = 4.456, 95% CI 1.861-10.669, P = 0.001) were identified as significant risk factors. CONCLUSION: The risk of fracture is increased in males, especially those with a mandibular angle of less than 120° on panoramic radiographs, and those with a non-splinted superstructure.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23221, 2020 Dec 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327241

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Angle class II malocclusion is clinically complex and common malocclusion type, which affects beauty. Conventional treatment has the disadvantages of long course of treatment, high cost, easy recurrence and limited curative effect. Clinical practice shows that micro-implant anchorage has certain advantages in the treatment of Angle II malocclusion, but lacks the evidence of evidence-based medicine. This study systematically evaluates the efficacy and safety of micro-implant anchorage in the treatment of Angle class II malocclusion. METHODS: A systematic search was performed by retrieving on English databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang, Weipu [VIP], CBM). Besides, manually search for Google and Baidu academic of micro-implant anchorage in the treatment of Angle class II malocclusion in randomized controlled clinical research. The retrieval time limit was from the establishment of the database to September 2020. Two researchers independently extracted and evaluated the quality of the data in the included study. A meta-analysis was performed using RevMan5.3 software. RESULTS: In this study, the efficacy and safety of micro-implant anchorage against Angle class II malocclusion were evaluated by SNA, BNA, ANB, NLA°, Adverse reaction. CONCLUSIONS: This study will provide reliable evidence-based evidence for the clinical application of micro-implant anchorage in the treatment of Angle class II malocclusion. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also does not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval was not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated at relevant conferences.OSF Registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/UPBR8.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/terapia , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/métodos , Ortodoncia Correctiva/métodos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/efectos adversos , Ortodoncia Correctiva/efectos adversos
13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 814-818, 2020 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171552

RESUMEN

Due to the highly predictable long-term clinical outcomes, modern implant dentistry has become one of the most preferred treatment modalities for restoring missing teeth. However, the complications of implant therapy compromise the long-term implant success and remain a great challenge to clinicians. Hardware complications include the mechanical complications which are related to the manufacturer-fabricated components of the prosthesis, such as abutment/screw loosening, fracture and implant fracture; and the technical complication which are related to laboratory-fabricated components of the prosthesis, such as veneer chipping. The biological complications mainly include peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. It is crucial to figure out how to effectively avoid and manage the complications of implant therapy. This article reported the definitions, incidences, risk factors, prevention and treatment of both mechanical and biological complications of implant therapy.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Periimplantitis , Estomatitis , Pérdida de Diente , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Humanos , Periimplantitis/etiología , Periimplantitis/prevención & control
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151184

RESUMEN

This investigation was designed to evaluate the reestablishment of bone-to-implant contact on infected dental implant surfaces following decontamination with an erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser and reconstructive therapy. Three patients presenting with at least one failing implant each were enrolled and consented to treatment with the Er,Cr:YSGG laser surface decontamination and reconstruction with a bone replacement allograft and a collagen membrane. The laser treatment was carried out at a setting of 1.5 W, air/water of 40%/50%, and pulse rate of 30 Hz. At 6 months, all three patients returned for the study. En bloc biopsy samples of four implants were obtained and analyzed. Two patients had excellent clinical outcomes, while one patient with two adjacent failing implants experienced an early implant exposure during the follow-up period. There was histologic evidence of new bone formation with two implant specimens and less bone gain with the others. Despite the small sample size, these were optimistic findings that suggested a positive role of Er,Cr:YSGG laser in debridement of a titanium implant surface to facilitate subsequent regenerative treatment. This investigation provides histologic evidence as well as encouraging clinical results that use of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser can be beneficial for treatment of peri-implantitis, but further long-term clinical studies are needed to investigate the treatment outcome obtained.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Láseres de Estado Sólido , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Erbio , Humanos , Láseres de Estado Sólido/uso terapéutico , Titanio , Itrio
15.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent ; 40(6): e229-e233, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151189

RESUMEN

A link between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease has been reported in the literature. For this systematic review, the keywords "cardiovascular disease" (CVD) were combined with "periodontitis" and "peri-implantitis" and were used to search for literature published on MEDLINE and PubMed between 1990 and 2020. Hand searching was also performed. A total of 206 articles were identified, 51 of which were reviewed. A link between periodontal disease and CVD can be explained by both the infection and inflammatory pathways. Interventional studies on the treatment of periodontal disease related to CVD have shown conflicting results. Therefore, based on published studies, CVD should presently be considered a comorbidity of periodontitis (with an association but no direct cause and effect documented). The association of CVD with peri-implantitis has too few studies to draw any conclusions. More studies are necessary before any conclusions can be made between CVD and periodontitis and CVD and peri-implantitis regarding possible links and the extent of association.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Implantes Dentales , Periimplantitis , Enfermedades Periodontales , Periodontitis , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Periimplantitis/epidemiología , Periimplantitis/etiología , Enfermedades Periodontales/complicaciones , Enfermedades Periodontales/epidemiología , Periodontitis/complicaciones , Periodontitis/epidemiología
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151197

RESUMEN

The significance of keratinized mucosa around dental implants for the prevention of biologic complications has been a subject of controversy. Agreement, however, exists on the benefits provided to achieve more satisfactory oral hygiene measures and reduced clinical inflammation. A prospective interventional case series of 14 patients (31 implants) were examined every 3 months for up to 12 months. The effect of soft tissue conditioning by means of free autologous epithelial graft on the management of peri-implantitis with supracrestal and/or dehiscence-type defect morphology was evaluated. All clinical parameters were significantly reduced (P < .001), with complete disease resolution in 78.6% of the patients and 87.1% of the peri-implantitis implants. Unsuccessful cases were associated with less gain of keratinized mucosa, deep probing pocket depths, bleeding on probing, and less satisfaction during brushing at 12 months. Dimensional changes following soft tissue grafting were more significant during the first 3 months and led to a 42.4% shrinkage at 12 months. Soft tissue conditioning by means of free autologous epithelial graft in combination with apically positioned flap is a viable and effective therapy to manage peri-implantitis associated with deficient keratinized mucosa.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Periimplantitis , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Periimplantitis/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Colgajos Quirúrgicos
17.
Georgian Med News ; (306): 147-151, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130663

RESUMEN

In this review, we have discussed the relationships between oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and dental implants. In the last decade, dental implants have been widely used for the treatment of complete or partial edentulism. Despite the fact that they have seen incredible success and the use of dental implants increases, concerns over safety and efficiency is rising as well. The literature analysis has shown that the number of reported cases when the OSCC development is associated with peri implantitis is gradually increasing. The possibility of squamous cell carcinoma development must be considered when evaluating the peri-implantitis. We highly recommend periodic oral and radiographic examination after the implant placement. The patients with peri-implantitis that do not respond to conventional treatment methods, and the patients who have a severe or rapid progression of peri-implantitis require biopsy. The histopathological examination will aid with the differential diagnosis between peri-implantitis and OSCC, and hence, provide the correct diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Implantes Dentales , Neoplasias de la Boca , Periimplantitis , Biopsia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiología , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Neoplasias de la Boca/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de la Boca/etiología
18.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(6): e784-e790, nov. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-197187

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the causes of dental implant removal due to complications, and examined whether patients who had dental implant removal desired re-implant prosthesis treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case–control study was conducted on patients who had their dental implants removed. We investigated whether the removed dental implant was replaced with other implant prostheses. Age, sex, diabetes, smoking, implant site distribution, reason for implant removal, and blade and root-form implants were categorized as predictive variables. The outcome variable was desire for re-implantation or use of other prosthetic methods after implant removal. A logistic regression model was created to identify patient factors that could predict the re-implantation of dental prostheses after implant removal. RESULTS: A total of 215 dental implants were removed from 143 patients. The most common reason for implant removal was peri-implantitis that was identified in 165 implants. After implant removal, re-implantation was per-formed in 98 implants (45.6%). Bivariate analyses showed that age, diabetes, implant type, and reason for implant removal were associated with the desire for re-implanted prostheses. The multiple regression model revealed that age, implant type, and reason for implant removal were associated with an increased desire for re-implant pros-theses after implant removal. CONCLUSIONS: Re-implantation of prostheses after the removal of dental implants was desired by patients who were younger, had implants placed in the root form, and had implants removed due to prosthetic-related complications


No disponible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Remoción de Dispositivos/estadística & datos numéricos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Modelos Logísticos , Factores de Riesgo , Distribución por Edad y Sexo , Periimplantitis/complicaciones
19.
J Oral Implantol ; 46(4): 423-429, 2020 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031546

RESUMEN

The aim of this case report was to report the course of treatment for advanced paranasal sinus infection triggered by peri-implantitis, managed using functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), with outcomes. A nonsmoking male patient received sinus augmentation with implant placement on his left posterior maxilla 15 years ago. Possibly due to noncompliance to maintenance, peri-implantitis developed and progressed into the augmented bone area in the maxilla. Eventually, maxillary sinusitis occurred concomitantly with a spread of the infection to the other paranasal sinuses. Implant removal and intraoral debridement of inflammatory tissue were performed, but there was no resolution. Subsequently, FESS was performed, with removal of nasal polyp and sequestrum. After FESS, the patient's sinusitis resolved. Histologically, the sequestrum was composed of bone substitute particles, necrotic bone, stromal fibrosis, and a very limited cellular component. Two implants were placed on the present site, and no adverse event occurred for up to 1 year after the insertion of the final prosthesis. Peri-implantitis in the posterior maxilla can trigger maxillary sinusitis with concomitant infection to the neighboring paranasal sinuses. FESS should be considered to treat this condition.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Sinusitis Maxilar , Periimplantitis , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Seno Maxilar , Sinusitis Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagen , Sinusitis Maxilar/etiología , Sinusitis Maxilar/cirugía , Periimplantitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Periimplantitis/etiología , Periimplantitis/cirugía
20.
J Oral Implantol ; 46(4): 431-437, 2020 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031547

RESUMEN

Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a possible oral complication resulting from antiresorptive therapies, such as bisphosphonates (Bfs). Although the etiology is not entirely clear, it has been shown to be dependent on several factors, with the traumatic stimulation caused by the placement of teeth implants indicated as one of the predisposing factors to this pathology. The indications and preventive methods for performing these procedures have been questioned, making it essential to determine the proper protocols. Thus, the present study aims to discuss the risks of the development of osteonecrosis in patients undergoing dental implant surgery who use Bfs as well as to discuss related local and systemic factors and possible methods for preventing this side effect. The study also aims to present a clinical case of an osteopenic patient who used Bfs and underwent rehabilitation through implants according to specific protocols, which resulted in successful treatment.


Asunto(s)
Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea , Implantes Dentales , Osteonecrosis , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales/efectos adversos , Difosfonatos , Humanos , Osteonecrosis/inducido químicamente , Osteonecrosis/prevención & control
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