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1.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0301710, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753852

RESUMEN

The dynamics of central government funding to regions depend on local investments. In regional autonomy, local governments are encouraged to be more self-reliant from the central government. For regions with high natural resource yields, they will not encounter difficulties in meeting their fiscal needs. Community welfare can be realized through fulfilling basic needs, one of which is infrastructure development. High-quality infrastructure will be able to contribute to further progress in trade, thus enhancing production efficiency. The objective of this research is to analyze the extent of the influence of central government transfer funds, especially the Natural Resource Revenue Sharing Funds (DBH SDA), on local government investments in infrastructure across 508 districts/cities in Indonesia. The method used is dynamic panel regression using the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) Arellano-Bond approach. This study finds that the role of DBH SDA is still low in infrastructure spending. The role of the central government remains significant in determining infrastructure spending at the district/city level in Indonesia. This indicates that local governments rely more on other sectors in infrastructure investment. By enhancing the role of DBH SDA through technological advancements, it is hoped that the market value of natural resources can be higher through resource downstreaming. This strategy will have broader impacts, as labor needs can be absorbed not only in raw material production activities but also in the processing technology sector. Furthermore, the utilization of natural resources with modern technology can increase extraction efficiency, support sustainable development, and minimize environmental impacts.


Asunto(s)
Inversiones en Salud , Indonesia , Inversiones en Salud/economía , Humanos , Recursos Naturales , Países en Desarrollo/economía , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales/economía , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales/métodos , Financiación Gubernamental , Gobierno , Gobierno Local
2.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 24(1): 130, 2024 May 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773562

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In Indonesia, the adoption of telepharmacy was propelled by the COVID-19 pandemic, prompting the need for a user-friendly application to support both the general population and pharmacists in accessing healthcare services. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate usability and user feedback of a pioneering telepharmacy application known as Tanya Obat (translating to "Ask about Medications") in Indonesia, from the perspectives of the general population and pharmacists. METHODS: A mixed-methods sequential study was conducted with the early-stage Tanya Obat application in Bandung City. Participants, including the general population and pharmacists, were instructed to use the application for a week. Questionnaires for the general population and pharmacists were distributed from March to May and February to June 2023, respectively. The System Usability Scale questionnaire was adopted to describe usability of the developed application. Further exploration of the quantitative results required collecting open-ended feedback to assess the impressions of the participants, difficulties encountered, and desired features for enhanced user-friendliness. The collected statements were summarized and clustered using thematic analysis. Subsequently, the association between the characteristics of participants and perceived usability was determined with the Chi-square test. RESULT: A total of 176 participants, comprising 100 individuals from the general population and 76 pharmacists, engaged in this study. In terms of usability, the questionnaire showed that Tanya Obat application was on the borderline of acceptability, with mean scores of 63.4 and 64.1 from the general population and pharmacists, respectively. Additionally, open-ended feedback targeted at achieving a more compelling user experience was categorized into two themes, including concerns regarding the functionality of certain features and recommendations for improved visual aesthetics and bug fixes. No significant associations were observed between the characteristics of participants and perceived usability (p-value > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results showed that the perceived usability of Tanya Obat developed for telepharmacy was below average. Therefore, feature optimizations should be performed to facilitate usability of this application in Indonesia.


Asunto(s)
Farmacéuticos , Telemedicina , Humanos , Indonesia , Telemedicina/normas , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , COVID-19 , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Interfaz Usuario-Computador , Adulto Joven
3.
Acta Odontol Scand ; 83: 308-316, 2024 May 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770691

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The use of cephalometric pictures in dental radiology is widely acknowledged as a dependable technique for determining the gender of an individual. The Visual Geometry Group 16 (VGG16) and Visual Geometry Group 19 (VGG19) algorithms have been proven to be effective in image classification. OBJECTIVES: To acknowledge the importance of comprehending the complex procedures associated with the generation and adjustment of inputs in order to obtain precise outcomes using the VGG16 and VGG19 algorithms. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The current work utilised a dataset including 274 cephalometric radiographic pictures of adult Indonesians' oral health records to construct a gender classification model using the VGG16 and VGG19 architectures using Python. RESULT: The VGG16 model has a gender identification accuracy of 93% for females and 73% for males, resulting in an average accuracy of 89% across both genders. In the context of gender identification, the VGG19 model has been found to achieve an accuracy of 0.95% for females and 0.80% for men, resulting in an overall accuracy of 0.93% when considering both genders. CONCLUSION: The application of VGG16 and VGG19 models has played a significant role in identifying gender based on the study of cephalometric radiography. This application has demonstrated the exceptional effectiveness of both models in accurately predicting the gender of Indonesian adults.


Asunto(s)
Cefalometría , Humanos , Cefalometría/métodos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Indonesia , Algoritmos
4.
Breast Dis ; 43(1): 93-98, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701136

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) cases in Makassar, Indonesia, are on the rise, with 2723 cases recorded in 2018. Tumor cells in the blood indicate metastasis, emphasizing the need for early diagnosis and monitoring. Pleiotrophin (PTN) is associated with various human malignancies, and recent studies suggest a correlation between PTN expression and advanced BC stages; therefore, PTN could serve as an independent predictor of metastasis. This study aimed to determine the correlation between serum PTN level, histopathological grading, and metastasis occurrence in BC patients in Makassar, Indonesia. METHODS: This study used an observational cross-sectional design. Pleiotrophin serum levels were examined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. This study used a t-test and ROC curve analysis for the statistical tests. RESULTS: Of the 64 samples used in this study, metastasis was present in 26 cases and absent in 38 samples. The mean PTN serum levels in metastatic and non-metastatic breast cancer patients were 4.311 and 1.253, respectively. The PTN receiver operating characteristic curve showed an area under the curve of 2.47 ng/dL, which was statistically significant (p < 0.001). A significant relationship was found between PTN level and metastasis (p < 0.001). The correlation coefficient was 0.791, indicating a positive correlation. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that the serum PTN level among breast cancer patients had a cut-off value of 2.47 ng/dL. The research established a clear correlation between PTN level and metastasis occurrence in breast cancer patients, indicating a higher likelihood of distant metastasis with elevated PTN concentration.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Proteínas Portadoras , Citocinas , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias de la Mama/sangre , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Citocinas/sangre , Proteínas Portadoras/sangre , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Transversales , Adulto , Biomarcadores de Tumor/sangre , Anciano , Curva ROC , Indonesia/epidemiología , Metástasis de la Neoplasia
5.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 56(4): 161, 2024 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733430

RESUMEN

Chickens are definitely among the most prevalent and broadly distributed domestic species. Among these, Ayam Cemani, also known as black chicken, is a rare Indonesian chicken breed originating from the island of Java. The main characteristic of this breed is that the body, both internally and externally, is entirely black. This is due to a condition named fibro melanosis, in which there is an over accumulation of melanin pigment in body tissues. In addition to this, Ayam Cemani meat results to be also higher in protein content and lower in fat. Moreover, Ayam Cemani meat is also known to have antioxidant and glucose-binding capacities. These properties make it very desirable within the market and consequently very expensive. Their meat is also used traditionally by tribal healers in the treatment of some chronic illnesses. In general, compared to other chicken species, the Ayam Cemani showed an higher genetic resistance to some infectious diseases commonly affecting poultry species. As regard the breeding, Ayam Cemani is a unique breed which may only be raised in specific locations, characterized to be a slowly growing breed with a lower body weight in comparison to the other poultry breeds. Nowadays, due to an improvement in the management, the nutrition and diseases control, it is possible to enhance their productivity. To date, there are not many studies in the literature on the specific breed of Ayam Cemani. For this reason, this review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of all the knowledge of the Ayam Cemani breed, the nutritional composition of the meat and consumer acceptance.


Asunto(s)
Pollos , Valor Nutritivo , Animales , Pollos/fisiología , Indonesia , Carne/análisis , Comportamiento del Consumidor
6.
Nutrients ; 16(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732532

RESUMEN

Anemia in breastfeeding women is a neglected global health issue with significant implications for maternal and child health. Despite its widespread occurrence and adverse effects, this problem remains largely unknown and overlooked on the global health agenda. Despite efforts to improve health access coverage and provide iron and folic acid supplementation, anemia persists. This underscores the need for a comprehensive approach to address the problem. Urgent action must be taken to prioritize education and awareness campaigns, ensure access to nutritious food, and enhance healthcare services. Education programs should focus on promoting iron-rich diets, dispelling cultural myths, and providing practical guidance. Improving healthcare services requires increasing availability, ensuring a consistent supply of iron supplements, and providing adequate training for healthcare providers. A successful implementation relies on a strong collaboration between the government, healthcare providers, and community. It is crucial that we acknowledge that high coverage alone is insufficient for solving the issue, emphasizing the importance of targeted interventions and a strategic implementation. By adopting a comprehensive approach and addressing the underlying causes of anemia, Indonesia can make significant progress in reducing its prevalence and improving the overall health of its population, particularly among breastfeeding women.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Suplementos Dietéticos , Humanos , Indonesia/epidemiología , Femenino , Anemia/epidemiología , Anemia/prevención & control , Anemia Ferropénica/epidemiología , Anemia Ferropénica/prevención & control , Lactante , Salud Infantil , Hierro/administración & dosificación , Ácido Fólico/administración & dosificación
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10721, 2024 05 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729962

RESUMEN

Drainage and deforestation of tropical peat swamp forests (PSF) in Southeast Asia cause carbon emissions and biodiversity loss of global concern. Restoration efforts to mitigate these impacts usually involve peatland rewetting by blocking canals. However, there have been no studies to date of the optimal rewetting approach that will reduce carbon emission whilst also promoting PSF regeneration. Here we present results of a large-scale restoration trial in Sumatra (Indonesia), monitored for 7.5 years. Water levels in a former plantation were raised over an area of 4800 ha by constructing 257 compacted peat dams in canals. We find peat surface subsidence rates in the rewetted restoration area and adjoining PSF to be halved where water tables were raised from ~ - 0.6 m to ~ - 0.3 m, demonstrating the success of rewetting in reducing carbon emission. A total of 57 native PSF tree species were found to spontaneously grow in the most rewetted conditions and in high densities, indicating that forest regrowth is underway. Based on our findings we propose that an effective PSF restoration strategy should follow stepwise rewetting to achieve substantial carbon emission reduction alongside unassisted regrowth of PSF, thereby enabling the peat, forest and canal vegetation to establish a new nature-based ecosystem balance.


Asunto(s)
Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Bosques , Suelo , Humedales , Conservación de los Recursos Naturales/métodos , Clima Tropical , Indonesia , Árboles/crecimiento & desarrollo , Biodiversidad
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9917, 2024 05 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730038

RESUMEN

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) remains a serious health threat in Indonesia. In particular, the CRF01_AE viruses were the predominant HIV-1 strains in various cities in Indonesia. However, information on the dynamic transmission characteristics and spatial-temporal transmission of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in Indonesia is limited. Therefore, the present study examined the spatial-temporal transmission networks and evolutionary characteristics of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in Indonesia. To clarify the epidemiological connection between CRF01_AE outbreaks in Indonesia and the rest of the world, we performed phylogenetic studies on nearly full genomes of CRF01_AE viruses isolated in Indonesia. Our results showed that five epidemic clades, namely, IDN clades 1-5, of CRF01_AE were found in Indonesia. To determine the potential source and mode of transmission of CRF01_AE, we performed Bayesian analysis and built maximum clade credibility trees for each clade. Our study revealed that CRF01_AE viruses were commonly introduced into Indonesia from Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand. The CRF01_AE viruses might have spread through major pandemics in Asian countries, such as China, Vietnam, and Laos, rather than being introduced directly from Africa in the early 1980s. This study has major implications for public health practice and policy development in Indonesia. The contributions of this study include understanding the dynamics of HIV-1 transmission that is important for the implementation of HIV disease control and prevention strategies in Indonesia.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , VIH-1 , Filogenia , Análisis Espacio-Temporal , Indonesia/epidemiología , VIH-1/genética , VIH-1/clasificación , Humanos , Infecciones por VIH/transmisión , Infecciones por VIH/virología , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Teorema de Bayes , Genoma Viral
9.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1225, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702668

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) is a starting point that lays the foundation for breastfeeding and bonding between mother and baby. Meanwhile, working mothers are one of the vulnerable groups for the success of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). The study analyzed the role of EIBF on EBF among Indonesian working mothers. METHODS: The cross-sectional study examined secondary data from the 2021 Indonesian National Nutritional Status Survey. The study analyzed 4,003 respondents. We examined EBF practice as an outcome variable and EIBF as an exposure variable. We included nine control variables (residence, maternal age, marital, education, prenatal classes, wealth, infant age, sex, and birth weight). All variables were assessed by questionnaire. The study employed a binary logistic regression test in the last stage. RESULTS: The result showed that the proportion of EBF among working mothers in Indonesia in 2021 was 51.9%. Based on EIBF, Indonesian working mothers with EIBF were 2.053 times more likely than those without to perform EBF (p < 0.001; AOR 2.053; 95% CI 2.028-2.077). Moreover, the study also found control variables related to EBF in Indonesia: residence, maternal age, marital, education, prenatal classes, wealth, infant age, sex, and birth weight. CONCLUSION: The study concluded that EIBF was related to EBF. Indonesian working mothers with EIBF were two times more likely than those without to perform EBF. The government needs to release policies that strengthen the occurrence of EIBF in working mothers to increase EBF coverage.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Mujeres Trabajadoras , Humanos , Indonesia , Lactancia Materna/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Adulto , Adulto Joven , Mujeres Trabajadoras/estadística & datos numéricos , Madres/estadística & datos numéricos , Madres/psicología , Lactante , Adolescente , Recién Nacido , Factores de Tiempo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Environ Health ; 23(1): 44, 2024 May 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702770

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The forest fires that ravaged parts of Indonesia in 2015 were the most severely polluting of this century but little is known about their effects on health care utilization of the affected population. We estimate their short-term impact on visit rates to primary and hospital care with particular focus on visits for specific smoke-related conditions (respiratory disease, acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) and common cold). METHOD: We estimate the short-term impact of the 2015 forest fire on visit rates to primary and hospital care by combining satellite data on Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) with administrative records from Indonesian National Health Insurance Agency (BPJS Kesehatan) from January 2015-April  2016. The 16 months of panel data cover 203 districts in the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan before, during and after the forest fires. We use the (more efficient) ANCOVA version adaptation of a fixed effects model to compare the trends in healthcare use of affected districts (with AOD value above 0.75) with control districts (AOD value below 0.75). Considering the higher vulnerability of children's lungs, we do this separately for children under 5 and the rest of the population adults (> 5), and for both urban and rural areas, and for both the period during and after the forest fires. RESULTS: We find little effects for adults. For young children we estimate positive effects for care related to respiratory problems in primary health care facilities in urban areas. Hospital care visits in general, on the other hand, are negatively affected in rural areas. We argue that these patterns arise because accessibility of care during fires is more restricted for rural than for urban areas. CONCLUSION: The severity of the fires and the absence of positive impact on health care utilization for adults and children in rural areas indicate large missed opportunities for receiving necessary care. This is particularly worrisome for children, whose lungs are most vulnerable to the effects. Our findings underscore the need to ensure ongoing access to medical services during forest fires and emphasize the necessity of catching up with essential care for children after the fires, particularly in rural areas.


Asunto(s)
Humo , Incendios Forestales , Indonesia/epidemiología , Humanos , Humo/efectos adversos , Preescolar , Niño , Adulto , Lactante , Adolescente , Contaminantes Atmosféricos/análisis , Adulto Joven , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Femenino , Enfermedades Respiratorias/epidemiología , Recién Nacido , Exposición a Riesgos Ambientales
11.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 112(5): 73, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691196

RESUMEN

Southeast Asia (SEA) faces significant environmental challenges due to rapid population growth and economic activity. Rivers in the region are major sources of plastic waste in oceans. Concerns about their contribution have grown, but knowledge of microplastics in the area is still limited. This article compares microplastic levels in sediment and water from urban zones of three major rivers in SEA: Chao Phraya River (Thailand), Saigon River (Vietnam), and Citarum River (Indonesia). The study reveals that in all three rivers, microplastics were found, with the highest concentrations in Chao Phraya's water (80 ± 60 items/m3) and Saigon's sediment (9167 ± 4559 items/kg). The variations in microplastic sizes and concentrations among these rivers may be attributed to environmental factors and the exposure duration of plastic to the environment. Since these rivers are important water supply sources, rigorous land-use regulations and raising public awareness are crucial to mitigate plastic and microplastic pollution.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Microplásticos , Ríos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Ríos/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Microplásticos/análisis , Densidad de Población , Asia Sudoriental , Tailandia , Vietnam , Contaminación Química del Agua/estadística & datos numéricos , Plásticos/análisis , Indonesia , Sedimentos Geológicos/química
12.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(6): 496, 2024 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693437

RESUMEN

This study examined the presence of two heavy metals (Cd and Pb) in the sediments and Asian swamp eels (Monopterus albus) in the downstream area of Cisadane River. The average concentrations of Cd and Pb in the sediments from all sampling locations were 0.594 ± 0.230 mg/kg and 34.677 ± 24.406 mg/kg, respectively. These concentrations were above the natural background concentration and the recommended value of interim sediment quality guidelines (ISQG), suggesting an enrichment process and potential ecological risk of studied metals to the ecosystem of Cisadane River. The increase in contamination within this region may be attributed to point sources such as landfill areas, as well as the industrial and agricultural land activities in surrounding area, and experienced an increasing level leading towards the estuary of Cisadane River. Meanwhile, the average concentrations of Cd and Pb in the eels from all sampling locations were 0.775 ± 0.528 µg/g and 28.940 ± 12.921 µg/g, respectively. This study also discovered that gill tissues contained higher levels of Cd and Pb than the digestive organ and flesh of Asian swamp eels. These concentrations were higher than Indonesian and international standards, suggesting a potential human health risk and therefore the needs of limitations in the consumption of the eels. Based on the human health risk assessment, the eels from the downstream of Cisadane River are still considered safe to be consumed as long as they comply with the specified maximum consumption limits.


Asunto(s)
Cadmio , Monitoreo del Ambiente , Sedimentos Geológicos , Plomo , Ríos , Smegmamorpha , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Animales , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/metabolismo , Ríos/química , Indonesia , Cadmio/análisis , Plomo/análisis , Plomo/metabolismo , Smegmamorpha/metabolismo
13.
J Emerg Manag ; 22(2): 155-167, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695712

RESUMEN

The number of cases of train accidents in Indonesia continues to be large in the past few years. This paper analyzes train accident cases in Indonesia using a socio-technical system approach accident model called AcciMap, developed by Jens Rasmussen. The source of data comes from train accident investigation reports from 2015 to 2021 published by the National Transportation Safety Committee. This study uses a qualitative approach with thematic analysis to identify contributing factors and their interactions within the reports. Based on the socio-technical system approach, there are roles and contributions from the five levels of the socio-technical railway transportation system in Indonesia that interact with each other in the occurrence of accidents, including the railway regulatory bodies; other organizations; management of railway service company; processes and physical actions by staff; and condition of equipment and environment. This study has shown that the AcciMap methodology can provide a comprehensive view of the problems and their interactions across the socio-technical levels that influence each other in the occurrence of train accidents in Indonesia. The results also suggest that the socio-technical system approach is expected to be applied in the accident investigation process for the related industry to get more comprehensive insights into the accident.


Asunto(s)
Vías Férreas , Indonesia , Humanos , Accidentes
14.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(6): 205, 2024 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695945

RESUMEN

The eastern coastline of Gresik, located in East Java, Indonesia, experienced significant industrialization, leading to the development of numerous diverse sectors. These diverse industrial activities, in addition to other human activities, result in the contamination of sediment across the eastern coast of Gresik with a variety of metals. Metals like arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn) have exceeded the international standards for sediment quality, potentially causing significant harm to the aquatic ecosystem in this coastal region. The results of the multivariate analysis indicate that the metals found in the sediment are related to a combination of anthropogenic inputs, specifically those originating from industrial effluents in the area under study. Based on the assessment of enrichment factor, contamination factor, geo-accumulation index, degree of contamination, ecological risk index, and pollution load index, it can be concluded that the metals examined displayed different degrees of sediment contamination, ranging from minimal to severely contaminated.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Sedimentos Geológicos , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Indonesia , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/análisis , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Metales Pesados/análisis , Medición de Riesgo , Desarrollo Industrial , Metales/análisis
15.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0295380, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709786

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Stunting is associated with adverse outcomes in adulthood. This article specifically aims to analyse the relationship between childhood stunting and education as well as cognitive outcomes for adults in Indonesia. METHODS: Pooled data from wave one (1) and two (2) of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) in 1993 and 1997 identified a sub-sample of 4,379 children aged 0-5 by their height-for-age (HAZ) to be compared for their differences in educational outcomes and cognitive abilities in 2014. HAZ was used to proxy relative height to determine stunting status based on 2006 WHO child's growth standards. Education and cognitive abilities outcomes include years of schooling, age of school entry, grade repetition, and scores for cognitive and math tests. The study employs estimation models of pooled regressions and instrumental variable (IV) to address problems of endogeneity and bias from omitted variables. RESULTS: Stunting and relatively small stature had significant associations with cognitive development, and they worked as intermediaries to cognitive developmental barriers as manifested in reduced educational outcomes. A lack of one SD in HAZ was associated with 0.6 years shortened length of the school, 3% higher chances of dropouts from secondary school, and 0.10-0.23 SD lowered cognitive and numerical scores. Similarly, stunting is associated with decrease cognitive test scores by 0.56-0.8 SD compared to non-stunting, two years less schooling, and 0.4 years of delayed entry to school. As for cognitive abilities, stunting is associated with lower cognitive and numerical abilities by 0.38-0.82 z-scores. CONCLUSION: Growth retardation during childhood in Indonesia was associated with lower cognitive abilities, particularly during school age, and this correlation faded as individuals grew up. Subsequently, growth retardation is significantly linked to lower educational outcomes. Impaired growth has implications for reduced lifetime earnings potential mediated by diminished cognitive capacity and lower educational attainment. The finding suggests that development in Indonesia during recent decades has not provided an adequate environment to enable children to achieve their potential educational outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Escolaridad , Trastornos del Crecimiento , Humanos , Indonesia/epidemiología , Trastornos del Crecimiento/epidemiología , Cognición/fisiología , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Longitudinales , Preescolar , Adulto , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Estatura
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10290, 2024 05 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704396

RESUMEN

The extensive research examines the current state of agricultural food supply chains, with focus on waste management in Bandung Regency, Indonesia. The study reveals that a significant proportion of food within the agricultural supply chain goes to waste and discusses the various challenges and complexities involved in managing food waste. The research presents a conceptual model based on the ADKAR change management paradigm to promote waste utilization, increase awareness and change people's behaviors. The model emphasizes the importance of creating awareness, fostering desire, providing knowledge, implementing changes, and reinforcing and monitoring the transformation process. It also addresses the challenges, barriers, and drivers that influence waste utilization in the agricultural supply chain, highlighting the need for economic incentives and a shift in public awareness to drive meaningful change. Ultimately, this study serves as a comprehensive exploration of food waste management in Bandung Regency, shedding light on the complexities of the issue and offering a systematic approach to transition towards more sustainable waste utilization practices.


Asunto(s)
Agricultura , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Administración de Residuos , Agricultura/métodos , Administración de Residuos/métodos , Indonesia , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
18.
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(5)2024 May 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760026

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In Indonesia, a country with around 280 million people and the second-highest tuberculosis (TB) incidence rate in the world, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on TB care needs careful assessment so that future response strategies can be strengthened. We conducted a study comparing TB testing and treatment rates before and during the first 2 years of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia, and the reasons for any disruptions to care. METHODS: We conducted retrospective secondary data analysis and qualitative interviews in Yogyakarta and Bandung, Indonesia. Routine data on TB testing and treatment were sourced from the national TB information system operated by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. TB testing and treatment outcomes were compared between two time periods: pre-COVID (2018-19); and during COVID-19 (2020-21). In-depth interviews were conducted with patients and health workers to explore their experiences in accessing and providing TB services during the pandemic. RESULTS: There was a 45% (21 937/39 962) reduction in the number of patients tested for TB during the pandemic compared with pre-COVID-19, while the proportion of TB tests returning a positive result increased from 12% (4733/39 962) to 50% (10 945/21 937). The proportion of TB patients completing treatment increased by 2.6% during the pandemic, yet the proportion cured and the number of patients successfully treated both decreased (by 7% and 4.4%, respectively). Our qualitative interviews highlighted several factors influencing TB service access and delivery, including fear of being diagnosed with COVID-19 during TB-related clinic visits, fear of COVID-19 exposure among patients and health workers, healthcare facilities prioritising COVID-19 over other services, and mandatory mobility restrictions affecting both patients and health workers. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted TB testing and treatment outcomes in Bandung and Yogyakarta. Policymakers should consider these findings in designing strategies to ensure TB services are maintained and supported during future health crises.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Tuberculosis , Humanos , Indonesia/epidemiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto , Tuberculosis/epidemiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemias , Adulto Joven , Investigación Cualitativa , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Adolescente , Ciudades
19.
Int J Mycobacteriol ; 13(1): 58-64, 2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771281

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are the top two killers of infectious disease. We aimed to determine the association of TB coinfection with the inhospital mortality of COVID-19 patients in Indonesia as a TB-endemic country. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary lung hospital in Indonesia. All TB-coinfected COVID-19 patients who were hospitalized between January 2020 and December 2021 were included in the study. COVID-19 patients without TB were randomly selected for the control group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory results were assessed. Survival analysis was performed to determine the estimated death rate and median survival time (MST). Multivariate Cox regression analysis was conducted to define the association of TB coinfection with the in-hospital mortality of COVID-19. RESULTS: We included 86 (8.3%) TB coinfections among 1034 confirmed COVID-19 patients. TB coinfection patients had younger age, malnutrition, and different symptoms compared to the COVID-19 group. TB-coinfected patients had a lower estimated death rate than the COVID-19 group (6.5 vs. 18.8 per 1000 population). MST in the COVID-19 group was 38 (interquartile range 16-47) days, whereas the same observation time failed to determine the MST in the TB coinfection group. TB coinfection had a crude hazard ratio of mortality 0.37 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.15-0.94, P = 0. 004). The final model analysis including age, sex, and lymphocyte as confounding factors resulted in an adjusted HR of mortality 0.31 (95% CI 0.1-0.9). CONCLUSION: This study showed TB coinfection was negatively associated with the in-hospital mortality of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Coinfección , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Humanos , COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/complicaciones , Indonesia/epidemiología , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Coinfección/mortalidad , Coinfección/microbiología , Coinfección/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Centros de Atención Terciaria/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , SARS-CoV-2 , Tuberculosis/mortalidad , Tuberculosis/complicaciones , Tuberculosis/epidemiología
20.
Int J Mycobacteriol ; 13(1): 105-111, 2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771288

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Lucio phenomenon (LP) is a variant of type two leprosy, characterized by necrotizing erythema, frequently found in neglected leprosy patient who experience delayed diagnosis or inappropriate treatment. Indonesia is in the third place for highest leprosy cases worldwide. Nonetheless, LP is less common, regardless being an endemic country. In this serial case, we describe the three cases of LP in lepromatous leprosy patients in Denpasar, Bali. All three cases came to our hospital with chronic wounds complained up to a year, accompanied by swollen leg, blisters, tingling sensation, and other symptoms. They had received no suitable treatment, proving LP as a neglected case in primary health care. After a period of treatment, however, patient lesions improved clinically with no physical disability. With this case series, a better understanding toward LP initial complains together with its natural history and further examination could be achieved; thus, improving the early diagnosis and management of LP.


Asunto(s)
Leprostáticos , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Indonesia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Leprostáticos/uso terapéutico , Lepra Lepromatosa/diagnóstico , Lepra Lepromatosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Lepra Lepromatosa/patología , Lepra Lepromatosa/microbiología , Femenino , Eritema/etiología , Eritema/patología , Lepra/complicaciones , Lepra/diagnóstico , Lepra/tratamiento farmacológico , Piel/patología , Piel/microbiología
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