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1.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 39(2): e20230076, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568885

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of present study was to comprehensívely explore the efficacy and safety of prothrombín complex concentrate (PCC) to treat massíve bleedíng in patíents undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: PubMed®, Embase, and Cochrane Líbrary databases were searched for studíes ínvestigating PCC administratíon duríng cardiac surgery published before September 10, 2022. Mean dífference (MD) wíth 95% confidence interval (CI) was applíed to analyze continuous data, and dichotomous data were analyzed as risk ratio (RR) with 95% CI. RESULTS: Twelve studies were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with other non-PCC treatment regimens, PCC was not assocíated with elevated mortality (RR=1.18, 95% CI=0.86-1.60, P=0.30, I2=0%), shorter hospital stay (MD=-2.17 days; 95% CI=-5.62-1.28, P=0.22, I2=91%), reduced total thoracic drainage (MD=-67.94 ml, 95% CI=-239.52-103.65, P=0.44, I2=91%), thromboembolíc events (RR=1.10, 95% CI=0.74-1.65, P=0.63, I2=39%), increase ín atríal fibríllatíon events (RR=0.73, 95% CI=0.52-1.05, P=0.24, I2=29%), and myocardial infarction (RR=1.10, 95% CI=0.80-1.51, P=0.57, I2=81%). However, PCC use was associated with reduced intensive care unit length of stay (MD=-0.81 days, 95% CI=-1.48- -0.13, P=0.02, I2=0%), bleeding (MD=-248.67 ml, 95% CI=-465.36- -31.97, P=0.02, I2=84%), and intra-aortic balloon pump/extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (RR=0.65, 95% CI=0.42-0.996, P=0.05, I2=0%) when compared with non-PCC treatment regimens. CONCLUSION: The use of PCC in cardiac surgery did not correlate with mortality, length of hospítal stay, thoracic drainage, atríal fibríllatíon, myocardíal ínfarction, and thromboembolíc events. However, PCC sígnificantly improved postoperatíve intensíve care unít length of stay, bleedíng, and intra-aortic balloon pump/ extracorporeal membrane oxygenation outcomes ín patients undergoing cardíac surgery.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial , Factores de Coagulación Sanguínea , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos , Infarto del Miocardio , Humanos , Hemorragia , Hemostasis
2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1308978, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571952

RESUMEN

Objective: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a severe cardiovascular disease that threatens human life and health globally. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) governs the fate of RNAs via m6A regulators. Nevertheless, how m6A regulators affect AMI remains to be deciphered. To solve this issue, an integrative analysis of m6A regulators in AMI was conducted. Methods: We acquired transcriptome profiles (GSE59867, GSE48060) of peripheral blood samples from AMI patients and healthy controls. Key m6A regulators were used for LASSO, and consensus clustering was conducted. Next, the m6A score was also computed. Immune cell infiltration, ferroptosis, and oxidative stress were evaluated. In-vitro and in-vivo experiments were conducted to verify the role of the m6A regulator ALKBH5 in AMI. Results: Most m6A regulators presented notable expression alterations in circulating cells of AMI patients versus those of controls. Based on key m6A regulators, we established a gene signature and a nomogram for AMI diagnosis and risk prediction. AMI patients were classified into three m6A clusters or gene clusters, respectively, and each cluster possessed the unique properties of m6A modification, immune cell infiltration, ferroptosis, and oxidative stress. Finally, the m6A score was utilized to quantify m6A modification patterns. Therapeutic targeting of ALKBH5 greatly alleviated apoptosis and intracellular ROS in H/R-induced H9C2 cells and NRCMs. Conclusion: Altogether, our findings highlight the clinical significance of m6A regulators in the diagnosis and risk prediction of AMI and indicate the critical roles of m6A modification in the regulation of immune cell infiltration, ferroptosis, and oxidative stress.


Asunto(s)
Ferroptosis , Infarto del Miocardio , Humanos , Relevancia Clínica , Infarto del Miocardio/genética , Apoptosis/genética , Análisis por Conglomerados , Ferroptosis/genética
3.
A A Pract ; 18(4): e01741, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572854

RESUMEN

ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in a trauma patient with solid abdominal organ or vascular injuries can present complex diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Evidence for managing such demanding cases is scarce, and isolated case reports remain the source of information in treating these patients. We present a patient with traumatic mesenteric and hepatic injuries who developed acute STEMI in the immediate postoperative period.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST , Humanos , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/etiología , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/cirugía , Infarto del Miocardio/complicaciones , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37692, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579050

RESUMEN

Reperfusion therapy of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) refers to physical or chemical recanalization and restoration of blood flow to an occluded coronary artery, and current techniques for reperfusion therapy include intravenous thrombolysis, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The number of patients receiving emergency CABG in the real world is decreasing due to the disadvantages of CABG and the improvement in PCI procedures. Thrombolytic therapy has some disadvantages such as low recanalization rate, high risk of reocclusion and bleeding, and short time window. On the other hand, intracoronary interventional therapy may meet the requirements of "early, complete and persistent" patency of coronary arteries at different time points. However, in the emergency PCI, although thrombus aspiration via a catheter or balloon dilation is performed, residual thrombus with heavy or low TIMI (thrombolysis in myocardial infarction) myocardial perfusion grading is still observed in some patients, suggesting disordered microcirculation. Currently, the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance in emergency PCI mainly employed injection of tirofiban, adenosine, thrombolytic agent or other drugs into the local area via a microcatheter in a short time, all of which can significantly reduce the thrombus load and improve TIMI perfusion. Herein, we report that a microcatheter was indwelled in the coronary artery for continuous pumping of low-dose thrombolytic drugs as reperfusion therapy in 12 patients with acute and subacute MI.


Asunto(s)
Angioplastia Coronaria con Balón , Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Trombosis , Humanos , Fibrinolíticos , Microcirculación , Angioplastia Coronaria con Balón/métodos , Infarto del Miocardio/etiología , Terapia Trombolítica/efectos adversos , Reperfusión , Trombosis/etiología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Reperfusión Miocárdica
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37672, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579096

RESUMEN

Myocardial infarction has been considered the top cause of mortality globally. Numerous studies investigated the biological application of smart nanomaterials in myocardial infarction. Our study aimed to provide an overview of this area through bibliography research. Literature related to the biological application of nanomaterials was retrieved from the web of science core collection database. Bibliography analysis was performed using Microsoft Excel, VOSviewer, Citespace, and the R package "bibliometrix." A total of 1226 publications were included. The USA, China, and India carried out the most of studies. Harvard University is the most productive institution. Matthias Nahrendorf ranked first in article volume and also owned the highest impact. Keyword burst analysis indicated the frontiers and hotspots to be gold nanoparticles and iron oxide nanoparticles. This bibliography analysis provides a comprehensive overview of uncovered current research trends and emerging hotspots of nanomaterials' biological application in myocardial infarction, thus inspiring further investigations.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas del Metal , Infarto del Miocardio , Nanoestructuras , Humanos , Oro , China
7.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 154: 3735, 2024 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579303

RESUMEN

AIMS: Many cardiovascular events occur in seemingly healthy individuals.We set out to assess the predictive value of atherosclerosis imaging in combination with cardiovascular risk calculators in subjects aged 40-65 years. METHODS: We compared PROCAM (PROspective CArdiovascular Münster study), SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation) and SCORE2 with carotid ultrasound (total plaque area, TPA) in subjects without cardiovascular disease. In this prospective cohort study, follow-up was obtained by phone or mail from patients; or from clinical records, if needed. RESULTS: In 2842 subjects (mean age 50±8 years; 38% women), cardiovascular events occurred in 154 (5.4%) of them over an mean follow-up period of 5.9 (range 1-12) years, specifically: 41 cases of AMI (myocardial infarction), 16 strokes, 21 CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting), 41 PTCA (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty) and 35 CAD (coronary artery disease). Mean PROCAM risk was 5±6%, mean SCORE risk was 1.3±1.6% and mean SCORE2 risk was 5±3%. Both for the primary outcome (major adverse cardiovascular events, MACEs, i.e. AMI + strokes) and the secondary outcome (atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, ASCVD, i.e. MACEs + CABG + CAD + PTCA), hazards increased significantly for TPA tertiles and SCORE2 post-test risk between 6.7 to 12.8 after adjustment for risk factors (age, smoke, sex, systolic blood pressure, lipids, medication) and after adjustment for results from PROCAM, SCORE and SCORE2. Model performance was statistically improved regarding model fit in all models using TPA. Net reclassification improvement for SCORE2 with TPA post-test risk increased significantly by 24% for MACEs (p = 0.01) and 39% for ASCVD (p <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Integration of TPA post-test risk into SCORE2 adds prognostic information, supporting the use of carotid ultrasound when assessing ASCVD risk in subjects aged 40-65 years.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Infarto del Miocardio , Placa Aterosclerótica , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Persona de Mediana Edad , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Masculino , Estudios Prospectivos , Pronóstico , Estudios de Cohortes , Medición de Riesgo , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Aterosclerosis/complicaciones , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico por imagen , Factores de Riesgo , Accidente Cerebrovascular/complicaciones
8.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 47(4): 809-817, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583954

RESUMEN

Several reports assume that myocardial necroptotic cell death is induced during the development of chronic heart failure. Although it is well accepted that angiotensin II induces apoptotic cell death of cardiac myocytes, the involvement of angiotensin II in the induction of myocardial necroptosis during the development of heart failure is still unknown. Therefore, we examined the role of angiotensin II in myocardial necroptosis using rat failing hearts following myocardial infarction and cultured cardiomyocytes. We found that administration of azilsartan, an angiotensin II AT1 receptor blocker, or trandolapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, to rats from the 2nd to the 8th week after myocardial infarction resulted in preservation of cardiac function and attenuation of mixed lineage kinase domain-like (MLKL) activation. Furthermore, the ratio of necroptotic cell death was increased in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes cultured with conditioned medium from rat cardiac fibroblasts in the presence of angiotensin II. This increase in necroptotic cells was attenuated by pretreatment with azilsartan. Furthermore, activated MLKL was increased in cardiomyocytes cultured in conditioned medium. Pretreatment with azilsartan also prevented the conditioned medium-induced increase in activated MLKL. These results suggest that angiotensin II contributes to the induction of myocardial necroptosis during the development of heart failure.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Infarto del Miocardio , Ratas , Animales , Angiotensina II/farmacología , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Medios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/metabolismo , Infarto del Miocardio/metabolismo , Miocitos Cardíacos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Proteínas Quinasas/metabolismo
9.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 941, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566101

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Low hand grip strength (HGS) is associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases, but the association between HGS and myocardial infarction/angina pectoris (MIAP) is unclear. Furthermore, there have been no studies examining the associations of MIAP with anthropometric indices, absolute HGS indices, and relative HGS indices calculated by dividing absolute HGS values by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), or weight values. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the associations of MIAP with absolute and relative HGS combined with several anthropometric indices. METHODS: In this large-scale cross-sectional study, a total of 12,963 subjects from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the associations of MIAP with anthropometric indices, absolute HGS indices, and relative HGS indices were computed from binary logistic regression models. We built 3 models: a crude model, a model that was adjusted for age (Model 1), and a model that was adjusted for other relevant covariates (Model 2). RESULTS: For men, the average age was 61.55 ± 0.16 years in the MIAP group and 66.49 ± 0.61 years in the non-MIAP group. For women, the average age was 61.99 ± 0.14 years in the MIAP group and 70.48 ± 0.61 years in the non-MIAP group. For both sexes, the MIAP group had lower diastolic blood pressure, shorter stature, greater WC, and a greater WHtR than did the non-MIAP group, and women tended to have greater systolic blood pressure, weight, and BMI than in men. HGS was strongly associated with the risk of MIAP in the Korean population. In men, relative HGS indices combined with WC and the WHtR had greater associations with MIAP than did the anthropometric indices and absolute HGS indices. However, in women, anthropometric indices, including weight, BMI, WC, and WHtR, were more strongly associated with MIAP than were absolute and relative HGS indices, unlike in men. When comparing absolute and relative HGS indices in women, relative HGS indices combined with BMI and weight was more strongly related to MIAP than was absolute HGS indices. CONCLUSIONS: MIAP might be better identified by relative HGS than absolute HGS in both sexes. The overall magnitudes of the associations of MIAP with absolute and relative HGS are greater in men than in women.


Asunto(s)
Hipotensión , Infarto del Miocardio , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Transversales , Factores de Riesgo , Fuerza de la Mano , Encuestas Nutricionales , Índice de Masa Corporal , Circunferencia de la Cintura , Angina de Pecho , Relación Cintura-Estatura , Infarto del Miocardio/epidemiología , República de Corea/epidemiología
10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 119, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566139

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) represents a novel marker in the current era of cardiovascular diseases. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the association of AIP with cardiovascular prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception through 2024. The primary outcome was major cardiovascular events (MACE). The secondary outcomes included all-causes death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, revascularization, and no-reflow phenomenon. AIP was determined by taking the logarithm of the ratio of triglyceride (TG) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The data analysis was represented using the risk ratio (RR) along with a 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: Sixteen studies with a total number of 20,833 patients met the eligible criteria. The pooled-analysis showed a significant increased risk of MACE in the highest AIP group compared with the lowest AIP group (RR = 1.63; 95% CI, 1.44-1.85; P < 0.001). A similar result was observed when AIP was regarded as a continuous variable (RR = 1.54; 95% CI, 1.30-1.83; P < 0.001). Besides, elevated AIP was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular death (RR = 1.79; 95% CI, 1.09-2.78; P = 0.02), MI (RR = 2.21; 95% CI, 1.55-3.13; P < 0.001), revascularization (RR = 1.62; 95% CI, 1.34-1.97; P < 0.001), no-reflow phenomenon (RR = 3.12 95% CI, 1.09-8.96; P = 0.034), and stent thrombosis (RR = 13.46; 95%CI, 1.39-129.02; P = 0.025). However, AIP was not significantly associated with the risk of all-causes death and stroke among patients with CAD. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrated that increased AIP is an independent prognostic factors in patients with CAD. Further research is warranted to elucidate the potential development of targeted interventions to modify AIP levels and improve patient outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Infarto del Miocardio , Fenómeno de no Reflujo , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/terapia , Factores de Riesgo
11.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 149, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570846

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI), a representative form of ischemic heart disease, remains a huge burden worldwide. This study aimed to explore whether extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted from hyaluronic acid (HA)-primed induced mesenchymal stem cells (HA-iMSC-EVs) could enhance the cardiac repair after MI. RESULTS: HA-iMSC-EVs showed typical characteristics for EVs such as morphology, size, and marker proteins expression. Compared with iMSC-EVs, HA-iMSC-EVs showed enhanced tube formation and survival against oxidative stress in endothelial cells, while reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in cardiomyocytes. In THP-1 macrophages, both types of EVs markedly reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory signaling players, whereas HA-iMSC-EVs were more potent in augmenting anti-inflammatory markers. A significant decrease of inflammasome proteins was observed in HA-iMSC-EV-treated THP-1. Further, phospho-SMAD2 as well as fibrosis markers in TGF-ß1-stimulated cardiomyocytes were reduced in HA-iMSC-EVs treatment. Proteomic data showed that HA-iMSC-EVs were enriched with multiple pathways including immunity, extracellular matrix organization, angiogenesis, and cell cycle. The localization of HA-iMSC-EVs in myocardium was confirmed after delivery by either intravenous or intramyocardial route, with the latter increased intensity. Echocardiography revealed that intramyocardial HA-iMSC-EVs injections improved cardiac function and reduced adverse cardiac remodeling and necrotic size in MI heart. Histologically, MI hearts receiving HA-iMSC-EVs had increased capillary density and viable myocardium, while showed reduced fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that HA-iMSC-EVs improve cardiac function by augmenting vessel growth, while reducing ROS generation, inflammation, and fibrosis in MI heart.


Asunto(s)
Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Infarto del Miocardio , Humanos , Ácido Hialurónico/farmacología , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Proteómica , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Infarto del Miocardio/patología , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , Fibrosis
12.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 30: 10760296241244772, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571479

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor is a standard therapy in patients with ischemic vascular diseases (IVD) including coronary artery, cerebrovascular and peripheral arterial diseases, although the optimal duration of this treatment is still debated. Previous meta-analyses reported conflicting results about the effects of long-term and short-term as well as non-DAPT use in various clinical settings. Herein, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of different durations of DAPT. METHODS: We reviewed relevant articles and references from database, which were published prior to April 2023. Data from prospective studies were processed using RevMan5.0 software, provided by Cochrane Collaboration and transformed using relevant formulas. The inclusion criteria involved randomization to long-term versus short-term or no DAPT; the endpoints included at least one of total or cardiovascular (CV) mortalities, IVD recurrence, and bleeding. RESULTS: A total of 34 randomized studies involving 141 455 patients were finally included. In comparison with no or short-term DAPT, long-term DAPT reduced MI and stroke, but did not reduce the total and CV mortalities. Meanwhile, bleeding events were increased, even though intracranial and fatal bleedings were not affected. Besides, the reduction of MI and stroke recurrence showed no statistical significance between long-term and short-term DAPT groups. CONCLUSION: Long-term DAPT may not reduce the mortality of IVD besides increasing bleeding events, although reduced the incidences of MI and stroke early recurrence to a certain extent and did not increase the risk of fatal intracranial bleeding.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Inhibidores de Agregación Plaquetaria/efectos adversos , Estudios Prospectivos , Aspirina/efectos adversos , Hemorragia/etiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/etiología , Quimioterapia Combinada , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
13.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1331609, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558816

RESUMEN

In the genesis and progression of cardiovascular diseases involving both innate and adaptive immune responses, inflammation plays a pivotal and dual role. Studies in experimental animals indicate that certain immune responses are protective, while others exacerbate the disease. T-helper (Th) 1 cell immune responses are recognized as key drivers of inflammatory progression in cardiovascular diseases. Consequently, the CD4+CD25+FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are gaining increasing attention for their roles in inflammation and immune regulation. Given the critical role of Tregs in maintaining immune-inflammatory balance and homeostasis, abnormalities in their generation or function might lead to aberrant immune responses, thereby initiating pathological changes. Numerous preclinical studies and clinical trials have unveiled the central role of Tregs in cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis. Here, we review the roles and mechanisms of Treg subsets in cardiovascular conditions like atherosclerosis, hypertension, myocardial infarction and remodeling, myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. While the precise molecular mechanisms of Tregs in cardiac protection remain elusive, therapeutic strategies targeting Tregs present a promising new direction for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Asunto(s)
Aterosclerosis , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Infarto del Miocardio , Animales , Linfocitos T Reguladores , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/terapia , Inflamación
14.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300578, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574078

RESUMEN

To maintain efficient myocardial function, optimal coordination between ventricular contraction and the arterial system is required. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been demonstrated to improve left ventricular (LV) function. This study aimed to investigate the impact of CR on ventricular-arterial coupling (VAC) and its components, as well as their associations with changes in LV function in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and preserved or mildly reduced ejection fraction (EF). Effective arterial elastance (EA) and index (EAI) were calculated from the stroke volume and brachial systolic blood pressure. Effective LV end-systolic elastance (ELV) and index (ELVI) were obtained using the single-beat method. The characteristic impedance (Zc) of the aortic root was calculated after Fourier transformation of both aortic pressure and flow waveforms. Pulse wave separation analysis was performed to obtain the reflection magnitude (RM). An exercise-based, outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program was administered for up to 6 months. Twenty-nine patients were studied. However, eight patients declined to participate in the CR program and were subsequently classified as the non-CR group. At baseline, E' velocity showed significant associations with EAI (beta -0.393; P = 0.027) and VAC (beta -0.375; P = 0.037). There were also significant associations of LV global longitudinal strain (LV GLS) with EAI (beta 0.467; P = 0.011). Follow-up studies after a minimum of 6 months demonstrated a significant increase in E' velocity (P = 0.035), improved EF (P = 0.010), and LV GLS (P = 0.001), and a decreased EAI (P = 0.025) only in the CR group. Changes in E' velocity were significantly associated with changes in EAI (beta -0.424; P = 0.033). Increased aortic afterload and VA mismatch were associated with a negative impact on both LV diastolic and systolic function. The outpatient CR program effectively decreased aortic afterload and improved LV diastolic and systolic dysfunction in patients with AMI and preserved or mildly reduced EF.


Asunto(s)
Rehabilitación Cardiaca , Infarto del Miocardio , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Humanos , Función Ventricular Izquierda/fisiología , Volumen Sistólico/fisiología
15.
Physiol Rep ; 12(7): e15990, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575554

RESUMEN

Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are rapidly gaining ground in the treatment of heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by an unknown mechanism. Upregulation of Na+/H+ exchanger 1 (NHE1), SGLT1, and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in the diseased hearts was found to be attenuated by prolonged SGLT2i treatment. Unfortunately, dapagliflozin is not well understood as to how Na+/Ca2+ homeostasis is affected in cardiomyocytes. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether mechanical stretch in cardiomyocytes upregulate SGLT2, resulted to loss of Na+/Ca2+ homeostasis via ERK and eNOS signaling. AMI (+) and AMI (-) serum levels were estimated using ELISA assays of TGFß-1 or endoglin (CD105). Human cardiomyocyte cell line AC16 was subjected to different stresses: 5% mild and 25% aggressive, at 1 Hz for 24 h. Immunofluorescence assays were used to estimate troponin I, CD105, SGLT1/2, eNOSS633, and ERK1/2T202/Y204 levels was performed for 5% (mild), and 25% elongation for 24 h. AMI (+) serum showed increased TGFß1 and CD105 compared to AMI (-) patients. In consistent, troponin I, CD105, SGLT1/2, eNOSS633 and ERK1/2T202/Y204 were upregulated after 25% of 24 h cyclic stretch. Dapagliflozin addition caused SGLT2 inhibition, which significantly decreased troponin I, CD105, SGLT1/2, eNOSS633, and ERK1/2T202/Y204 under 25% cyclic stretching. In summary, SGLT2 may have sensed mechanical stretch in a way similar to cardiac overloading as in vivo. By blocking SGLT2 in stretched cardiomyocytes, the AMI biomarkers (CD105, troponin I and P-ERK) were decreased, potentially to rescue eNOS production to maintain normal cellular function. This discovery of CD105 and SGLT2 increase in mechanically stretched cardiomyocytes suggests that SGLT2 may conceive a novel role in direct or indirect sensing of mechanical stretch, prompting the possibility of an in vitro cardiac overloaded cell model, an alternative to animal heart model.


Asunto(s)
Compuestos de Bencidrilo , Glucósidos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Infarto del Miocardio , Humanos , Animales , Endoglina/metabolismo , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/metabolismo , Regulación hacia Arriba , Transportador 2 de Sodio-Glucosa/metabolismo , Troponina I/metabolismo , Volumen Sistólico , Miocitos Cardíacos/metabolismo
16.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 58(1): 2335905, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557164

RESUMEN

Background. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), often also leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD), is a common complication in coronary artery disease. Despite the effort there is a lack of applicable prediction tools to identify those at high risk. We tested the association between the validated GRACE score and the incidence of SCA after myocardial infarction. Material and methods. A retrospective analysis of 1,985 patients treated for myocardial infarction (MI) between January 1st 2015 and December 31st 2018 and followed until the 31st of December of 2021. The main exposure variable was patients' GRACE score at the point of admission and main outcome variable was incident SCA after hospitalization. Their association was analyzed by subdistribution hazard (SDH) model analysis. The secondary endpoints included SCA in patients with no indication to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) device and incident SCD. Results. A total of 1985 patients were treated for MI. Mean GRACE score at baseline was 118.7 (SD 32.0). During a median follow-up time of 5.3 years (IQR 3.8-6.1 years) 78 SCA events and 52 SCDs occurred. In unadjusted analyses one SD increase in GRACE score associated with over 50% higher risk of SCA (SDH 1.55, 95% CI 1.29-1.85, p < 0.0001) and over 40% higher risk for SCD (1.42, 1.12-1.79, p = 0.0033). The associations between SCA and GRACE remained statistically significant even with patients without indication for ICD device (1.57, 1.30-1.90, p < 0.0001) as well as when adjusting with patients LVEF and omitting the age from the GRACE score to better represent the severity of the cardiac event. The association of GRACE and SCD turned statistically insignificant when adjusting with LVEF. Conclusions. GRACE score measured at admission for MI associates with long-term risk for SCA.


What is already known about this subject?Nearly 50% of cardiac mortality is caused by sudden cardiac death, often due to sudden cardiac arrest.Despite the effort, there is a lack of applicable prediction tools to identify those at high risk.What does this study add?This study shows that GRACE score measured at the point of admission for myocardial infarction can be used to evaluate patients' risk for sudden cardiac arrest in a long-term follow-up.How might this impact on clinical practice?Based on our findings, the GRACE score at the point of admission could significantly affect the patients' need for an ICD device after hospitalization for MI and should be considered as a contributing factor when evaluating the patients' follow-up care.


Asunto(s)
Desfibriladores Implantables , Paro Cardíaco , Infarto del Miocardio , Humanos , Estudios de Seguimiento , Incidencia , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Muerte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiología , Muerte Súbita Cardíaca/prevención & control , Muerte Súbita Cardíaca/etiología , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico , Infarto del Miocardio/epidemiología , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Hospitalización
17.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 189, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561664

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII), a novel marker of inflammation based on neutrophil, platelet, and lymphocyte counts, has demonstrated potential prognostic value in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Our aim was to assess the correlation between the SII and major adverse cardiovascular events following percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and The Cochrane Library from inception to November 20, 2023, for cohort studies investigating the association between SII and the occurrence of MACEs after PCI. Statistical analysis was performed using Revman 5.3, with risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as relevant parameters. RESULTS: In our analysis, we incorporated a total of 8 studies involving 11,117 participants. Our findings revealed that a high SII is independently linked to a increased risk of MACEs in PCI patients (RR: 2.08,95%CI: 1.87-2.32, I2 = 42%, p < 0.00001). Additionally, we demonstrated the prognostic value of SII in all-cause mortality, heart failure, and non-fatal myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated SII may serve as a potential predictor for subsequent occurrence of MACEs in patients undergoing PCI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Our protocol was registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42024499676).


Asunto(s)
Sistema Cardiovascular , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Humanos , Inflamación/diagnóstico , Inflamación/etiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/etiología
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 187, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561678

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is an abnormal dilation of a coronary artery segment often accompanied by coronary artery fistula (CAF), leading to communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or a part of the coronary venous system. Both CAAs and CAFs can present with symptoms and signs of myocardial ischemia and infarction. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 46-year-old woman with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) caused by a "giant" CAA. Various imaging modalities revealed a thrombus-containing aneurysm located at the right-posterior cardiac border, with established arteriovenous communication with the distal part of left circumflex artery (LCx). After initial treatment with dual antiplatelet therapy, a relapse of pain was reported along with a new increase in troponin levels, electrocardiographic abnormalities, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and thrombus enlargement. Surgical excision of the aneurysm was favored, revealing its true size of 6 cm in diameter. Τhe aneurysm was excised without complications. The patient remained asymptomatic during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Management of rare entities such as "giant" CAAs and CAFs can be challenging. Cases such as this can serve as precedents to facilitate treatment plans and develop consistent recommendations, emphasizing the importance of personalized strategies for future patients.


Asunto(s)
Fístula Arteriovenosa , Aneurisma Coronario , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Infarto del Miocardio , Trombosis , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Volumen Sistólico , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico por imagen , Infarto del Miocardio/etiología , Infarto del Miocardio/terapia , Aneurisma Coronario/complicaciones , Aneurisma Coronario/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico , Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicaciones , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagen , Trombosis/complicaciones , Angiografía Coronaria/métodos
19.
EuroIntervention ; 20(7): e436-e444, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562070

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The effect of administering a crushed prasugrel loading dose is uncertain in patients presenting with a large myocardial infarction and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate if patients with a large myocardial infarction may benefit from prehospital administration of a crushed prasugrel loading dose. METHODS: Patients from the CompareCrush trial with an available ambulance electrocardiography (ECG) were included in the study. An independent core laboratory confirmed a prehospital large myocardial area. We compared pre- and postprocedural angiographic markers, including Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 3 flow in the infarct-related artery, high thrombus burden, and myocardial blush grade 3, in STEMI patients with and without a prehospital large myocardial area. RESULTS: Ambulance ECG was available for 532 patients, of whom 331 patients were identified with a prehospital large myocardial area at risk. Crushed prasugrel significantly improved postprocedural TIMI 3 flow rates in STEMI patients with a prehospital large myocardial area at risk (92% vs 79%, odds ratio [OR] 3.00, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.50-6.00) but not in STEMI patients without a prehospital large myocardial area at risk (91% vs 95%, OR 0.47, 95% CI: 0.14-1.57; pinteraction=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Administration of crushed prasugrel may improve postprocedural TIMI 3 flow in STEMI patients with signs of a large myocardial area at risk on the ambulance ECG. The practice of crushing tablets of prasugrel loading dose might, therefore, represent a safe, fast and cost-effective strategy to improve myocardial reperfusion in this high-risk STEMI subgroup undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.


Asunto(s)
Servicios Médicos de Urgencia , Infarto del Miocardio , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST , Humanos , Infarto del Miocardio/tratamiento farmacológico , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Inhibidores de Agregación Plaquetaria/uso terapéutico , Clorhidrato de Prasugrel/uso terapéutico , Infarto del Miocardio con Elevación del ST/tratamiento farmacológico , Resultado del Tratamiento
20.
J Vis Exp ; (205)2024 Mar 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587368

RESUMEN

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a prevalent and high-mortality cardiovascular condition. Despite advancements in revascularization strategies for AMI, it frequently leads to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), amplifying cardiac damage. Murine models serve as vital tools for investigating both acute injury and chronic myocardial remodeling in vivo. This study presents a unique closed-chest technique for remotely inducing myocardial IRI in mice, enabling the investigation of the very early phase of occlusion and reperfusion using in-vivo imaging such as MRI or PET. The protocol utilizes a remote occlusion method, allowing precise control over ischemia initiation after chest closure. It reduces surgical trauma, enables spontaneous breathing, and enhances experimental consistency. What sets this technique apart is its potential for simultaneous noninvasive imaging, including ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), during occlusion and reperfusion events. It offers a unique opportunity to analyze tissue responses in almost real-time, providing critical insights into processes during ischemia and reperfusion. Extensive systematic testing of this innovative approach was conducted, measuring cardiac necrosis markers for infarction, assessing the area at risk using contrast-enhanced MRI, and staining infarcts at the scar maturation stage. Through these investigations, emphasis was placed on the value of the proposed tool in advancing research approaches to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and accelerating the development of targeted interventions. Preliminary findings demonstrating the feasibility of combining the proposed innovative experimental protocol with noninvasive imaging techniques are presented herein. These initial results highlight the benefit of utilizing the purpose-built animal cradle to remotely induce myocardial ischemia while simultaneously conducting MRI scans.


Asunto(s)
Infarto del Miocardio , Isquemia Miocárdica , Daño por Reperfusión Miocárdica , Ratones , Animales , Daño por Reperfusión Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagen , Infarto del Miocardio/diagnóstico por imagen , Necrosis , Catéteres , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad
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