Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.363
Filtrar
2.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-202164

RESUMEN

En el presente artículo se realiza una reflexión sobre las dife­rentes miradas que se han puesto sobre la adolescencia en tiempos de pandemia, desde un enfoque contextual amplio, abordando aspectos psicológicos, emocionales, relacionales y culturales, poniendo el protagonismo en la vivencia del cuerpo en la era digital. Observar la adolescencia implica utilizar un gran angular para entender lo que hay en juego en las interrelaciones con el mundo adulto y cómo ambos mundos -el adolescente y el adulto- se influyen y se superponen en un juego de espejos. Una realidad que interpela a los adultos a posicionarse de forma adecuada para dar paso a una generación que necesita de alguna referencia estable para un buen desa­rrollo psíquico y emocional


This article reflects on the different views on adolescence in times of pandemic, from a broad contextual approach, addressing psychological, emotional, relational, and cultural aspects, focusing on the experience of t00 he body in the digital era. Observing adolescence implies using a wide-angle lens to understand what is at stake in interrelations with the adult world and how both worlds - the adolescent and the adult - influence, and overlap in a game of mirrors. A reality that challenges adults to position themselves appropriately to give way to a generation that needs some stable reference for a good psychic and emotional development


En el present article, es realitza una reflexió sobre les diferents mirades que s'han posat sobre l'adolescència en temps de pandèmia, des d'un enfocament contextual ampli, abordant aspectes psicològics, emocionals, relacionals I culturals I posant protagonisme en la vivència del cos en l'era digital. Observar l'adolescència implica utilitzar un gran angular per entendre el que hi ha en joc en les interrelacions amb el món adult I com tots dos mons -l'adolescent I l'adult- s'influeixen I se superposen en un joc de miralls. Una realitat que interpel·la els adults a posicionar-se de forma adequada per donar pas a una genera­ció que necessita d'alguna referència estable per a un bon desenvolupament psíquic I emocional


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Pandemias , Cuerpo Humano , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Cuarentena/psicología
3.
Enferm. glob ; 20(62): 254-282, abr. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-202233

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Analizar los efectos psicológicos que la actual pandemia de coronavirus (covid19) está teniendo en los profesionales del ámbito sanitario. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en una muestra de 1150 profesionales del ámbito sanitarios, seleccionados al azar. Las mediciones y los resultados se explicaron con el modelo teórico el Diferencial Semántico propuesto por Osgood. RESULTADOS: Se ha encontrado que, en general, el personal del ámbito sanitario se siente muy desprotegido, con miedo y estresado. Confieren más miedo al autocontagio que al contagio de otros. Perciben su trabajo como eficaz, beneficioso, activo, útil y flexible, y simultáneamente se siente amable, afectivo, sincero, cálido y discreto. Encontramos que las enfermeras, y después los técnicos en cuidados enfermeros se sienten más útiles, valientes, importantes y sinceras que otras categorías sanitarias, entre las que figuran los y las médicos/as. Las emociones que sentían el personal sanitario están fuertemente influidas por la orientación política que tuvieran. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio realizado sobre el efecto psicológico de la actual pandemia en los profesionales del ámbito sanitario aporta diferencias significativas en función de la profesión, el contrato laboral, el sexo y la orientación política de los entrevistados


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the psychological effects that the current coronavirus pandemic (covid19) is having on healthcare professionals. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study in a sample of 1,150 healthcare professionals, randomly selected. Measurements and results were explained with the theoretical model of the Semantic Differential proposed by Osgood. RESULTS: It has been found that, in general, healthcare professionals feel very unprotected, afraid and stressed. They were more afraid of self-contagion than of others. They perceived their work as effective, beneficial, active, useful and flexible, and at the same time, they feel kind, affective, sincere, warm and discreet. We found that nurses, and later, nurse care technicians feel more useful, brave, important, and sincere than other healthcare categories, including physicians. The emotions that the health personnel felt were strongly influenced by their political orientation. CONCLUSION: The study carried out on the psychological effect of the current pandemic on health professionals provides significant differences depending on the profession, the employment contract, the sex and the political orientation of the interviewees


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/enfermería , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Pandemias , Personal de Salud/psicología , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Autoimagen , Estudios Transversales , Atención de Enfermería/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Análisis de Varianza
4.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 196-196, ene.-abr. 2021. graf, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-194177

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 pandemic, declared on March 11, 2020, constitute an extraordinary health, social and economic global challenge. The impact on people's mental health is expected to be high. This paper sought to systematically review community-based studies on depression conducted during the COVID-19 and estimate the pooled prevalence of depression. METHOD: We searched for cross-sectional, community-based studies listed on PubMed or Web of Science from January 1, 2020 to May 8, 2020 that reported prevalence of depression. A random effect model was used to estimate the pooled proportion of depression. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis, with prevalence rates of depression ranging from 7.45% to 48.30%. The pooled prevalence of depression was 25% (95% CI: 18%−33%), with significant heterogeneity between studies (I2=99.60%, p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with a global estimated prevalence of depression of 3.44% in 2017, our pooled prevalence of 25% appears to be 7 times higher, thus suggesting an important impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on people's mental health. Addressing mental health during and after this global health crisis should be placed into the international and national public health agenda to improve citizens' wellbeing


INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia de COVID-19, declarada el 11 de marzo de 2020, representa un reto global extraordinario a nivel sanitario, social y económico. Se espera un impacto alto en la salud mental de las personas. Este artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática de estudios transversales basados en muestras comunitarias que proporcionaban la prevalencia de depresión durante la crisis del COVID-19. MÉTODO: Se realizó una búsqueda de estudios comunitarios publicados en Pubmed y Web of Science desde el 1 de enero del 2020 al 8 de mayo del 2020 y que informaron sobre la prevalencia de depresión. Se usó un modelo de efectos aleatorios para estimar la proporción agrupada de depresión. RESULTADOS: Un total de 12 estudios fueron incluidos en el meta-análisis, con prevalencias de depresión que oscilaban entre 7,45% y 48,30%. La prevalencia agrupada de depresión fue de 25% (95% CI: 18%-33%), con heterogeneidad significativa entre estudios (I2 = 99,60%, p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: En comparación con una estimación global de depresión en 2017 del 3,44%, nuestra prevalencia agrupada del 25% es 7 veces mayor, sugiriendo un impacto importante del brote de COVID-19 en la salud mental de las personas. El abordaje de la salud mental durante y después de esta crisis global sanitaria debe ser parte de las agendas de salud pública nacionales e internacionales para mejorar el bienestar de los ciudadanos


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Pandemias , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Prevalencia
5.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 198-198, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-194909

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to elucidate the underlying mechanism through which basic personality dimensions predict indicators of psychological functioning during the COVID-19 pandemic, including subjective well-being and perceived stress. As a personality characteristic highly contextualized in stressful circumstances, resilience was expected to have a mediating role in this relationship. METHOD: A sample of 2,722 Slovene adults, aged from 18 to 82 years filled in the Big Five Inventory, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Mental Health Continuum. A path analysis with the Bootstrap estimation procedure was performed to evaluate the mediating effect of resilience in the relationship between personality and psychological functioning. RESULTS: Resilience fully or partially mediated the relationships between all the Big Five but extraversion with subjective well-being and stress experienced at the beginning of the COVID-19 outburst. Neuroticism was the strongest predictor of less adaptive psychological functioning both directly and through diminished resilience. CONCLUSIONS: Resilience may be a major protective factor required for an adaptive response of an individual in stressful situations such as pandemic and the associated lockdown


ANTECEDENTES/OBJETIVO: El objetivo fue dilucidar el mecanismo subyacente a través del cual las dimensiones básicas de la personalidad predicen indicadores del funcionamiento psicológico durante la pandemia de COVID-19, incluido el bienestar subjetivo y el estrés percibido. Como característica de la personalidad altamente contextualizada en circunstancias estresantes, se esperaba que la resiliencia tuviera un papel mediador en esta relación. MÉTODO: Una muestra de 2.722 adultos eslovenos (18-82 años), completó el Big Five Inventory, la Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, la Perceived Stress Scale y el Mental Health Continuum. Se realizó un análisis de ruta con el procedimiento de estimación Bootstrap para evaluar el efecto mediador de la resiliencia en la relación entre la personalidad y el funcionamiento psicológico. RESULTADOS: La resiliencia medió total o parcialmente las relaciones entre los Cinco Grandes, y la extraversión con bienestar subjetivo y el estrés experimentado, al comienzo del estallido de COVID-19. El neuroticismo fue el predictor más fuerte de un funcionamiento psicológico menos adaptativo, tanto directamente como a través de la disminución de la capacidad de resiliencia. CONCLUSIONES: La resiliencia puede ser un factor de protección importante y requerido para una respuesta adaptativa de un individuo en situaciones estresantes como la pandemia y el confinamiento asociado


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Resiliencia Psicológica , Personalidad/fisiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Pandemias , Inventario de Personalidad/normas , Psicometría/métodos , Neuroticismo/fisiología
8.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-12, mar. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151581

RESUMEN

El personal de salud pública que se enfrenta a la COVID-19, está expuesto a múltiples riesgos entre ellos los trastornos psicológicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la presencia de síntomas asociados a ansiedad y depresión en personal de salud que trabaja con enfermos de la COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que participaron 61 profesionales y técnicos de atención sanitaria, que trabajaban directamente con pacientes con COVID-19, a los cuales se les consultó acerca de la presencia de síntomas asociados a la depresión y ansiedad, sus principales preocupaciones y el tiempo de trabajo continuo para evitar la aparición de síntomas psicológicos. El 64,1% de los participantes relató nerviosismo y 59,2% cansancio, para el 90,16% la principal preocupación fue el fallecimiento del paciente y el 60,66% de los participantes indicó que el período ideal, de atención continua de pacientes COVID-19, para evitar la aparición de síntomas psicológicos era de 7 días. Nuestros resultados sugieren que es necesario elaborar estrategias de trabajo para disminuir la aparición de síntomas asociados al deterioro de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud que atienden pacientes COVID-19


Public health personnel facing COVID-19 are exposed to multiple risks including psychological disorders. The goal of this study was to determine the presence of symptoms associated with anxiety and depression in health personnel working with COVID-19 patients. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 61 health care professionals and technicians was conducted, working directly with COVID-19 patients, who were consulted about the presence of symptoms associated with depression and anxiety, their main concerns and ongoing working time to avoid the onset of psychological symptoms. 64.1% of participants reported nervousness and 59.2% tiredness, for 90.16% the main concern was the patient's death and 60.66% of participants indicated that the ideal period, of continuous care of COVID-19 patients, to prevent the onset of psychological symptoms was 7 days. Our results suggest that work strategies need to be developed to decrease the onset of symptoms associated with deteriorating mental health of health professionals caring for COVID-19 patients


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personal de Salud/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Cuerpo Médico/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Cuba , Trastornos de Estrés Traumático Agudo/psicología , Trastornos de Estrés Traumático Agudo/epidemiología , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Cuerpo Médico/estadística & datos numéricos
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1013-1022, mar. 2021.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153827

RESUMEN

Resumo Este texto tem como finalidade discutir o cuidado de trabalhadoras da área da saúde em face da Covid-19, sob a análise sociológica de autoras que o vêm discutindo enquanto um trabalho que é desempenhado, na sua maioria, pelas mulheres das classes populares, é desvalorizado e sofre baixa remuneração. É uma atividade que envolve as construções sociais das emoções e tem utilizado o corpo como um instrumento de trabalho no cuidado com o outro. Além disso, a precarização do trabalho em saúde na sociedade brasileira acirrada nas últimas décadas, como o aumento de contratos temporários, perdas de direitos trabalhistas, a sobrecarga das atividades, condições de trabalho precárias, dentre outros, soma-se com o aumento dos atendimentos médico-hospitalares diante da pandemia da Covid-19. Neste contexto, as trabalhadoras em saúde vivenciam as ausências de equipamentos de proteção individual, medo de contaminação pelo vírus, preocupações com filhos e familiares, vivências diante da morte e do adoecimento de si e de colegas de profissão. Este texto aponta para a necessidade de atenção governamental, bem como para a gestão do trabalho em saúde e dos órgãos de classe profissional, analisando as condições de trabalho que as trabalhadoras em saúde estão vivendo no enfrentamento da pandemia.


Abstract The article aims to discuss the care provided by female healthcare workers in Brazil during the Covid-19 pandemic, based on a sociological analysis by authors who discuss such care as devalued and poorly paid work performed to a large extent by low-income women. The work involves social constructions of emotions and has used the body as a work instrument in care for others. In addition, the increasingly precarious nature of health work in Brazilian society, aggravated in recent decades, with an increase in temporary contracts, loss of labor rights, overload of tasks, and adverse work conditions, among others, adds to the increase in medical and hospital care in the Covid-19 pandemic. In this context, female healthcare workers experience lack of personal protective equipment, fear of coronavirus infection, concerns with their children and other family members, and illness and death of coworkers and themselves. The article highlights the need for government attention and management of healthcare work and professional societies, analyzing the work conditions female healthcare workers are experiencing in confronting the pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Personal de Salud/economía , Personal de Salud/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Atención a la Salud/economía , Atención a la Salud/normas , Atención a la Salud/tendencias , Pandemias , Salarios y Beneficios/tendencias , Brasil/epidemiología , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Familia , Factores Sexuales , Lugar de Trabajo/normas , Lugar de Trabajo/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Miedo , Factores Sociológicos , Equipo de Protección Personal/provisión & distribución , Programas Nacionales de Salud
10.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 33(1): 125-130, feb. 2021. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-196951

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Despite being necessary to delay the spread of COVID-19, home confinement could have affected the emotional well-being of children and adolescents. Knowing which variables are involved in anxiety and depressive symptoms could help to prevent young people's psychological problems related to lockdown as early as possible. This cross-sectional study aims to examine anxiety and depressive symptomatology in Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese children and adolescents in order to determine which variables are related to poorer well-being during the pandemic. METHOD: The parents of 515 children, aged 3-18 years old, completed an online survey. Children's anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent Version, and depressive symptoms were measured with the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire-Parent Version. RESULTS: We found differences in anxiety and depression between countries, with higher anxiety scores in Spanish children, and higher depression scores in Spanish and Italian children compared to the Portuguese. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were more likely in children whose parents reported higher levels of stress. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are discussed in the light of detecting and supporting affected children as early as possible


ANTECEDENTES: a pesar de ser necesario para retrasar la propagación del COVID-19, el confinamiento podría haber afectado al bienestar emocional de niños y adolescentes. Conocer qué variables están involucradas en la ansiedad y depresión podría ayudar a prevenir en los niños los problemas psicológicos asociados al confinamiento lo antes posible. Este estudio transversal tiene como objetivo examinar la sintomatología ansiosa y depresiva en niños y adolescentes italianos, españoles y portugueses, para detectar qué variables están relacionadas con un peor bienestar durante la pandemia. MÉTODO: los padres de 515 niños de 3 a 18 años completaron una evaluación online. Los síntomas de ansiedad de los niños se evaluaron con la Spence Children's Anxiety Scale-Parent Version, y los síntomas depresivos con el Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire-Parent Version. RESULTADOS: se hallaron diferencias en la ansiedad y la depresión entre países, con mayor ansiedad en los niños españoles, y mayor sintomatología depresiva en los niños españoles e italianos, en comparación con los portugueses. Los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión eran más probables en niños cuyos padres informaron de un mayor nivel de estrés. CONCLUSIONES: estos hallazgos se discuten con el propósito de detectar y apoyar a los niños afectados lo antes posible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Preescolar , Niño , Adolescente , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Pandemias , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Cuarentena/psicología , Comparación Transcultural , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 33(1): 111-117, feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-196952

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, the Spanish government established an official lockdown across the country in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and confined the population to their homes, restricting their mobility. The objectives of the study are twofold: a) to examine dose-response relationships between physical activity (PA) components (volume, intensity, frequency, duration) and depressive symptoms of the population during confinement, and b) to identify the optimal levels of PA to mitigate notable depressive symptoms (NDS). METHODS: 4,811 (2,952 women) Spanish citizens, age range 16-92 years, completed an online questionnaire (snowball sampling) to measure their levels of depressive symptoms, PA, and various anthropometric and sociometric variables. Volume (METs-min/week), frequency (days/week), and duration (hours) were examined using logistic regressions with restricted cubic splines. RESULTS: The PA components were inversely associated with NDS. Performing at least 477 METs-min/week was associated with a 33% decrease in probability of NDS, and reaching 3,000 METs-min/week was associated with the lowest risk of NDS (47%). As for frequency, with 10 times/week the probability of NDS was 56% lower. At 10 hours of weekly practice, the probability of NDS was 39% lower. CONCLUSIONS: A range and optimal amount of PA is suggested to reduce the appearance of SDN during confinement


ANTECEDENTES: en marzo de 2020 el gobierno español decretó el estado de alarma debido a la pandemia por COVID-19 y confinó a la población. Los objetivos son dos: a) examinar las relaciones dosis-respuesta entre los componentes de actividad física (AF: volumen, intensidad, frecuencia y duración) y los síntomas depresivos de la población durante el confinamiento, y b) identificar los niveles óptimos de AF para mitigar los síntomas depresivos notables (SDN). MÉTODO: 4.811 (2.952 mujeres) ciudadanos de España, de 16 a 92 años respondieron a un cuestionario on line (muestreo de bola de nieve) para medir sus niveles de síntomas depresivos, AF, y variables antropométricas y sociométricas. El volumen (METs-min/sem), la frecuencia (días/sem) y la duración (horas) se examinaron mediante regresiones logísticas con splines cúbicas restringidas. RESULTADOS: los componentes de AF se asociaron inversamente con las probabilidades de SDN. La realización de 477 METs-min/sem se asoció con una disminución del 33% en las probabilidades de SDN, y alcanzar 3.000 METs-min/sem se asoció con el menor riesgo de SDN (47%). En cuanto a frecuencia, con 10 días/sem las probabilidades de SDN fueron un 56% más bajas. A las 10 horas de práctica semanal, las probabilidades de SDN fueron un 39% más bajas. CONCLUSIONES: se sugiere un rango y cantidad óptima de AF para reducir la aparición de SDN en confinamiento


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Pandemias , Cuarentena/psicología , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Actividad Motora , Depresión/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , España
13.
Psychother Psychosom ; 90(3): 178-190, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524983

RESUMEN

In light of the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and potential future infectious disease outbreaks, a comprehensive understanding of the negative effects of epidemics and pandemics on healthcare workers' mental health could inform appropriate support interventions. Thus, we aimed to synthesize and quantify the psychological and psychosomatic symptoms among frontline medical staff. We searched four databases up to March 19, 2020 and additional literature, with daily search alerts set up until October 26, 2020. Studies reporting psychological and/or psychosomatic symptoms of healthcare workers caring for patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome, H1N1, Ebola, Middle East respiratory syndrome, or COVID-19 were eligible for inclusion. Two reviewers independently conducted the search, study selection, quality appraisal, data extraction, and synthesis and involved a third reviewer in case of disagreement. We used random effects modeling to estimate the overall prevalence rates of psychological/psychosomatic symptoms and the I2 statistic. We included 86 studies, reporting data from 75,991 participants. Frontline staff showed a wide range of symptoms, including concern about transmitting the virus to the family (60.39%, 95% CI 42.53-76.96), perceived stress (56.77%, 95% CI 34.21-77.95), concerns about own health (45.97%, 95% CI 31.08-61.23), sleeping difficulties (39.88%, 95% CI 27.70-52.72), burnout (31.81%, 95% CI 13.32-53.89), symptoms of depression (25.72%, 95% CI 18.34-33.86), symptoms of anxiety (25.36%, 95% CI 17.90-33.64), symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (24.51%, 95% CI 18.16-31.46), mental health issues (23.11%, 95% CI 15.98-31.10), and symptoms of somatization (14.68%, 95% CI 10.67-19.18). We found consistent evidence for the pervasive and profound impact of large-scale outbreaks on the mental health of frontline healthcare workers. As the CO-VID-19 crisis continues to unfold, guaranteeing easy access to support structures for the entire healthcare workforce is vitally important.


Asunto(s)
Epidemias , Personal de Salud/psicología , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Trastornos Psicofisiológicos/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Ansiedad/epidemiología , COVID-19/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/psicología , Humanos , Subtipo H1N1 del Virus de la Influenza A , Gripe Humana/psicología , Estudios Longitudinales , SARS-CoV-2 , Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Grave/psicología , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología
14.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e043686, 2021 02 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637546

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Frontline healthcare providers are redeployed to areas outside their clinical expertise and assigned high-loading workload to address the surge of patients with each coronavirus outbreak. Their importance in crisis is not in doubt. However, they experienced considerable physical distress and psychological stressors, even leading to psychological illness and infection in this environment. There is an urgent need to accurately, comprehensively and objectively understand their experiences, perceptions and current situation of burnout, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depression, insomnia and coronavirus infection. Therefore, this protocol is to conduct a mixed-methods systematic review to summarise the evidence on the experiences of healthcare providers and impacts of the coronavirus on their psychological status and infection during the pandemics. METHODS: Published studies on experience, perspective, impact, burnout, PTSD, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and infection of healthcare providers with SARS, Middle East respiratory syndrome and COVID-19, and written in English and Chinese will be accepted. Databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Web of Science, PubMed, Psychology Information, WanFang and SinoMed) from inception until 30 July 2020 will be searched. Two reviewers will select, screen, extract data and assess the risk of bias independently. Risk of bias of results will be using the Mixed-Methods Appraisal Tool. Using a convergent integrated approach on qualitative/quantitative studies, we will synthesise qualitative and quantitative data separately. The incidence and number of cases about burnout, PTSD, anxiety, depression, insomnia and coronavirus infection among medical staff will be extracted. Then we will transform quantitative data to synthesise narrative findings. This protocol will be reported per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols guidelines. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical assessment is not required due to the nature of the proposed systematic review. Findings of our research will be disseminated at conferences related to this field and through publication in peer-reviewed journals. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020198506.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Pandemias , Proyectos de Investigación , Ansiedad , Agotamiento Profesional , COVID-19 , Depresión , Humanos , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto
15.
Aten. prim. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 53(1): 89-101, ene. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-191342

RESUMEN

En el trabajo se hace una aproximación a las características psicológicas y psicosociales que está adquiriendo la pandemia de la COVID-19 en los países de nuestro medio socio-cultural. Se discute la escasez de investigaciones al respecto y la necesaria aceptación de la incertidumbre para enfrentar la situación, tanto a nivel social, como sanitario y personal. En consecuencia, se proponen una serie de reflexiones y recomendaciones para los cuidados psicológicos de la población, los trabajadores sanitarios y la organización social basándose en: 1) La existencia de investigaciones psicológicas y psicosociales sobre temas conectados con estos y 2) En las nuevas perspectivas neurocientíficas sobre las emociones y su elaboración en situaciones de crisis


An approach is made to the psychological and psychosocial characteristics that the COVID-19 pandemic is acquiring in the countries of our socio-cultural environment. The scarcity of research in this regard and the necessary acceptance of uncertainty to face the situation, both socially, as well as health and psychological, are discussed. Consequently, a series of reflections and recommendations are proposed for the psychological care of the population, health workers and social organization based on: 1) The existence of psychological and psychosocial research into connected fields and 2) In the new neuroscientific perspectives on emotions and their elaboration in crisis situations


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Pandemias , Atención Primaria de Salud , Impacto Psicosocial , Sistemas de Apoyo Psicosocial , España/epidemiología , Grupos de Riesgo , Salud Mental
16.
Farm. comunitarios (Internet) ; 13(1): 7-16, ene. 2021. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-196949

RESUMEN

OBJETIVOS: evaluar la percepción de los usuarios de las farmacias sobre la repercusión de la COVID-19 en su salud al final del confinamiento y comparar los resultados con los obtenidos al inicio. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: estudio observacional transversal aleatorizado, en farmacias de Pontevedra y Ourense, del 10 al 25 de junio de 2020. SUJETOS: ≥ 18 años que acuden en demanda de medicamentos y/o material de protección. Procedimiento: el usuario cumplimentaba un cuestionario anónimo, depositándolo en una bandeja desinfectada diariamente. RESULTADOS: 839 encuestas. 492 (58,6 %) mujeres, edad media 54,6 (DE =1 7,4 años). 144 (17,2 %) viven solos. 771 (91,9 %) creen que la COVID-19 es más peligrosa que la gripe, 233 (27,7 %) desconocen estar en algún grupo de riesgo. 137 (16,4 %) dicen sentirse mal/muy mal con el aislamiento. Aspectos más afectados: familiar 429 (51,1 %) y emocional 377 (44,9 %). La afectación de los aspectos físico 210 (25,0 %) y laboral 183 (21,8 %) mejoraron significativamente en fase final. En 2020/21 piensan vacunarse de la gripe 376 (44,4 %), en 2019/20 lo hicieron 243 (34,4 %). 541 (64,5 %) se vacunarán frente a la COVID-19 cuando exista vacuna. Aumentan los que se vacunarán, aunque no esté financiada: 511 (60,9 %) / 280 (39,7 %). CONCLUSIONES: no ha variado significativamente la percepción sobre la peligrosidad de la COVID-19 y la repercusión en su salud. Los aspectos del bienestar más afectados siguen siendo el familiar y el emocional. Aumenta el número de los que se sintieron mal/muy mal con el confinamiento y el de mayores afectados por la soledad. Aumenta la intención de vacunarse del SARS-CoV-2, aunque no sea financiada


AIM: Assess the perception of pharmacy users about the impact of COVID-19 on their health at the end of confinement and compare the results with those obtained at the beginning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized cross-sectional observational study, in pharmacies in Pontevedra and Ourense, from 10 to 25 June 2020.Subjects: 18 years of age who come on demand for medicines and/or protective material. PROCEDURE: the user completed an anonymous questionnaire, depositing it in a daily dis-infected tray. RESULTS: 839 surveys. 492 (58,6%) women, an average age of 54.6 (DE-17.4) years. 144 (17,2%) they live alone. 771 (91,9%) COVID-19 is more dangerous than influenza, 233 (27.7%) they don't know how to be in some risk group. 137 (16,4%) say they feel bad/very bad with isolation. Most affected aspects: family 429 (51.1%) emotionally 377 (44.9%). Affecting physical aspects 210 (25.0%) 183 (21.8%) significantly improved in the final phase. In 2020/21 they plan to be vaccinated with influenza 376 (44.4%), in 2019/20 they did so 243 (34.4%). COVID-19 will be vaccinated when there is a vaccine. Those who will be vaccinated increase even if 511(60.9%)/280 (39.7%) is not funded. CONCLUSIONS: The perception of the danger of COVID-19 and the impact on its health has not changed significantly. The aspects of well-being that are most affected remain familiar and emotional. Increases the number of those who felt bad/very bad with confinement and that of adults affected by loneliness. It increases the intention to get vaccinated from SARS-CoV-2, even if it is not funded


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Neumonía Viral , Pandemias , Farmacias , Percepción , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Factores de Riesgo , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Cuarentena , Vacunación
17.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244476, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406101

RESUMEN

In confronting the global spread of the coronavirus disease COVID-19 pandemic we must have coordinated medical, operational, and political responses. In all efforts, data is crucial. Fundamentally, and in the possible absence of a vaccine for 12 to 18 months, we need universal, well-documented testing for both the presence of the disease as well as confirmed recovery through serological tests for antibodies, and we need to track major socioeconomic indices. But we also need auxiliary data of all kinds, including data related to how populations are talking about the unfolding pandemic through news and stories. To in part help on the social media side, we curate a set of 2000 day-scale time series of 1- and 2-grams across 24 languages on Twitter that are most 'important' for April 2020 with respect to April 2019. We determine importance through our allotaxonometric instrument, rank-turbulence divergence. We make some basic observations about some of the time series, including a comparison to numbers of confirmed deaths due to COVID-19 over time. We broadly observe across all languages a peak for the language-specific word for 'virus' in January 2020 followed by a decline through February and then a surge through March and April. The world's collective attention dropped away while the virus spread out from China. We host the time series on Gitlab, updating them on a daily basis while relevant. Our main intent is for other researchers to use these time series to enhance whatever analyses that may be of use during the pandemic as well as for retrospective investigations.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/psicología , Pandemias/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Atención , COVID-19/etiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/etiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Humanos , Lenguaje , Estudios Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidad
18.
Am J Speech Lang Pathol ; 30(1): 318-323, 2021 01 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400556

RESUMEN

Purpose In this article, we draw a parallel between the experience of social isolation that occurred throughout the world during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic and similar experiences occurring in everyday life for people with communication disorders living in long-term care (LTC) facilities. We propose that speech-language pathologists can use the widespread experience of social isolation as a learning catalyst in the effort to shift the LTC culture to one that more highly values a communicative environment that is accessible to all, thereby reducing risk of social isolation for those with communication disorders. Conclusions Many training paradigms for promoting an accessible communicative environment are available in the speech-language pathology literature, yet institutional barriers exist for their widespread implementation. Overcoming these barriers is a challenge that requires awareness and learning on the part of staff and administration regarding the impact of an unfriendly communicative environment on social isolation, and the resulting psychosocial consequences. Learning theory indicates that new learning in adults is motivated by connections between personal experiences and the material to be learned. Explicitly infusing established training programs with the experience of social isolation brought on by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic may be the key needed for changing the communicative environment in LTC.


Asunto(s)
Barreras de Comunicación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Cuidados a Largo Plazo/psicología , Distanciamiento Físico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Capacitación en Servicio , Relaciones Profesional-Paciente , Medio Social , Aislamiento Social
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147504

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: It is known that viral infections are epidemiologically prevalent and some of them are harmful to the central nervous system (CNS) due to the development of neuropsychiatric syndromes which affect the cognitive, affective, behavioral and perceptual domains. OBJECTIVE: To carry out a comprehensive analysis of the psychiatric and neuropsychiatric repercussions of COVID-19 based on epidemiological, pathophysiological and clinical foundations observed in previous and recent pandemic events, and also to make a proposition about effective therapeutic interventions to help tackle this serious public health problem, more specifically in its neuropsychiatric developments. METHOD: This current literature review has utilized literature reserves and scientific search engines MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science. The search terms included, "SARS-CoV-2", "etiology," "psychiatric and neuropsychiatric repercussions", "severe infections" "COVID-19". Specific choices of unique papers from each of the searches were identified. The inclusion criteria were relevance and availability of full-text. Papers were excluded on the basis of relevance and non-availability of full-text. Papers were identified in the general literature reserve as pertinent to the search terms. RESULTS: The main psychiatric and neuropsychiatric repercussions analyzed were depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, psychosis, nonspecific neurological symptoms, delirium, cerebrovascular complications, encephalopathies, neuromuscular disorders, anosmia and ageusia. CONCLUSION: The psychiatric and neuropsychiatric symptoms of acute respiratory syndromes can appear during or after the infectious stage. Among the risk factors pointed out for such effects are the female gender, health professionals, presence of avascular necrosis and distressing pain.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19/complicaciones , COVID-19/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/etiología , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/fisiopatología , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Am J Health Promot ; 35(1): 77-83, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32551916

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, utility, and limitations of a rapid community behavioral diagnosis (RCBD) for social distancing behaviors to prevent coronavirus transmission during a global coronavirus pandemic. DESIGN: Using social media for recruitment, we partnered with a local community task force to administer a brief online survey. SETTING: Residential urban community. SAMPLE: Eighty-four community members, the majority of whom were white, female, college educated completed the survey. MEASURES: Theory of planned behavior constructs: behavioral intentions, attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control for 3 social distancing behaviors: maintaining a 6-foot distance, avoiding places people congregate, and staying home as much as possible. ANALYSIS: Path analyses were conducted to understand significant determinants of intentions for each behavior to guide the development of locally tailored health promotion messages. RESULTS: The RCBD was implemented, and results were communicated to the community within 1 week. Intentions were high across the 3 behaviors but lowest for staying home as much as possible. Younger participants had lower intentions of maintaining a 6-foot distance than older participants. For each behavior, specific recommendations for health promotion messaging emerged based on how attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control related to intentions. CONCLUSION: In a situation where local community action is paramount for reducing coronavirus transmission, this RCBD process is feasible and useful for informing local health promotion.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Adhesión a Directriz , Promoción de la Salud/organización & administración , Pandemias/prevención & control , Distanciamiento Físico , Aislamiento Social/psicología , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/psicología , Estudios de Factibilidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Ohio/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...