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1.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(1): 62-64, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896479

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: As countermeasures against the COVID-19 outbreak, sports and entertainment events were canceled (VEC) in Japan for two weeks from 26 February through 13 March. Moreover, most schools were closed (SC). OBJECTIVE: For this study, we estimated the basic reproduction number (R0) and SC and VEC effects. METHOD: After constructing a susceptible-infected-recovered model with three age classes, we used data of symptomatic patients in Japan for 14 January through 24 March. The SC and VEC effects were incorporated into the model through changes in contact patterns and contact frequencies among age classes. RESULTS: Results suggest R0 as 2.56, with 95% CI of [2.51, 2.96] before SC and VEC. The respective effects of SC and VEC were estimated as 0.4 (95% CI [0.3, 0.5]) and 0.5 (95% CI [0.3, 0.7]). CONCLUSION: The estimated R0 is similar to those found from other studies of China and Japan. Significant reduction of contact frequency has been achieved by SC and VEC. Nevertheless, its magnitude was insufficient to contain the outbreak.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Brotes de Enfermedades/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Instituciones Académicas/organización & administración , Adulto , Anciano , Número Básico de Reproducción , Betacoronavirus , Niño , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Japón/epidemiología , Modelos Estadísticos
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 141904, 2021 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890872

RESUMEN

Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a collection of nonspecific syndromes linked with the built environment. The occurrence of SBS is associated with humidity, ventilation, moulds and microbial compounds exposure. However, no study has reported the association between indoor microbiome and SBS. In this study, 308 students were surveyed for SBS symptoms from 21 classrooms of 7 junior high schools from Johor Bahru, Malaysia, and vacuum dust from floor, desks and chairs was collected. High throughput amplicon sequencing (16S rRNA gene and ITS region) and quantitative PCR were conducted to characterize the absolute concentration of bacteria and fungi taxa. In total, 326 bacterial and 255 fungal genera were detected in dust with large compositional variation among classrooms. Also, half of these samples showed low compositional similarity to microbiome data deposited in the public database. The number of observed OTUs in Gammaproteobacteria was positively associated with SBS (p = 0.004). Eight microbial genera were associated with SBS (p < 0.01). Bacterial genera, Rhodomicrobium, Scytonema and Microcoleus, were protectively (negatively) associated with ocular and throat symptoms and tiredness, and Izhakiella and an unclassified genus from Euzebyaceae were positively associated with the throat and ocular symptoms. Three fungal genera, Polychaeton, Gympopus and an unclassified genus from Microbotryaceae, were mainly positively associated with tiredness. The associations differed with our previous study in microbial compounds (endotoxin and ergosterol) and SBS in the same population, in which nasal and dermal symptoms were affected. A higher indoor relative humidity and visible dampness or mould in classrooms were associated with a higher concentration of potential risk bacteria and a lower concentration of potential protective bacteria (p < 0.01). This is the first study to characterize the SBS-associated microorganisms in the indoor environment, revealing complex interactions between microbiome, SBS symptoms and environmental characteristics.


Asunto(s)
Contaminación del Aire Interior , Microbiota , Síndrome del Edificio Enfermo , Contaminación del Aire Interior/análisis , Humanos , Malasia/epidemiología , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Instituciones Académicas , Síndrome del Edificio Enfermo/epidemiología
3.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127295, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536422

RESUMEN

Good air quality is documented as a significant factor of social justice. The human health hazards associated with air pollution are not distributed equally across cities; the most vulnerable people are more exposed to ambient air as they commute to work and wait for buses or trains at the stations. Aerosols play important roles in atmosphere quality and the climate; their oxidation at the nanoscale level may possibly increase the reactivity and toxicity of atmospheric particulates. Indoor school environments are characterized by high concentrations of different airborne particulate and gaseous pollutants. The documentation of nanoparticles (NPs), ultra-fine particles (UFPs), and micron-size particle species present in indoor primary schools are an important aspect in the recognition of their influence in respirational difficulties and decreased cognitive progress in children. This work utilizes the study of condensed water, sampled with portable dehumidifiers (PD), to describe NPs and UFPs in the vapor stage of enclosed zones. The acquired extracts were analyzed by advanced electron microscopy techniques. A total of 392 NPs and 251 UFPs were examined in a set of 22 samples acquired in moderately limited or inadequately ventilated indoor areas from several schools. Noting that NPs-related disorders happen at particular places of respirational structure, identification of site-specific NPs accumulation should be anticipated in direction to better verify the corresponding human health outcomes resulting from respirable NPs.


Asunto(s)
Contaminantes Atmosféricos/análisis , Contaminación del Aire Interior/análisis , Nanopartículas/análisis , Aerosoles/análisis , Contaminación del Aire/análisis , Atmósfera , Niño , Ciudades , Polvo , Monitoreo del Ambiente/métodos , Gases , Humanos , Vehículos a Motor , Tamaño de la Partícula , Material Particulado/análisis , Instituciones Académicas
4.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180441, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059132

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the limitations, strategies, importance and obstacles in mental health education in undergraduate nursing, focused on the role of nurses in Primary Health Care. Method: An exploratory descriptive study conducted with 103 professors in the mental health area of Bachelor/Postgraduate nursing courses from 89 public Higher Education Institutions in the five regions of Brazil. Results: Only 23.3% (24) of the professors teach mental health classes only in primary health care. Of the sample, the limitations to teaching in primary care education are few class hours (46.6%), faculty to expand teaching beyond specialty settings (38.8%), and prioritization of other scenarios (48.5%). When teaching, the strategies used are home visits (43.7%), educational actions (34.0%) and active search for mental health cases (29.1%). The professors consider them important to support mental health actions (58.3%); and the barriers are the lack of articulation between the Collective Health and Health disciplines to conduct teaching (87.5%). Conclusion: It is suggested that the institutions, courses and professors make the commitment and focus efforts to overcome the gaps, which hinder the nurse's education process regarding primary knowledge in mental health, so that they can offer care to patients in psychological distress in the context of the community, as well as strengthen national mental health policy.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar limitaciones, estrategias, importancia y obstáculos en el ejercicio de la enseñanza de salud mental en la carrera de grado de Enfermería, para el desempeño de los enfermeros en la Atención Primaria de la Salud. Método: estudio descriptivo y exploratorio realizado con 103 docentes del área de salud mental de las carreras de Licenciatura/Post-grado en Enfermería de 89 Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior públicas de las cinco regiones de Brasil. Resultados: solamente el 23,3% (24) de los docentes se desempeñan en la enseñanza de salud mental apenas en la atención primaria de la salud. A partir de la muestra, las limitaciones para dictar clases en la atención primaria son la escasa carga horaria (46,6%), la poca cantidad de docentes para expandir la enseñanza fuera de los ámbitos de la especialidad (38,8%) y la priorización de otros ámbitos (48,5%). Cuando se realiza, las estrategias utilizadas son la visita domiciliaria (43,7%), acciones educativas (34,0%) y búsqueda activa de casos de salud mental (58,3%) y, como obstáculo, se erige la falta de articulación entre las asignaturas de Salud Colectiva y Salud para ejercer la docencia (87,5%). Conclusión: se sugiere que las instituciones, las carreras universitarias y los docentes asuman el compromiso y centren sus esfuerzos en superar las deficiencias que dificultan el proceso de formación de los enfermeros sobre los conocimientos primarios en salud mental, para que dichos profesionales puedan ofrecer atención a personas que padecen enfermedades psíquicas en el contexto de la comunidad, además de fortalecer la política nacional de salud mental.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar limitações, estratégias, importância e entraves na condução do ensino de saúde mental na graduação em Enfermagem para a atuação do enfermeiro na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: estudo descritivo exploratório, realizado com 103 docentes da área de saúde mental de cursos de bacharelado/licenciatura em enfermagem de 89 Instituições de Ensino Superior públicas das cinco regiões do Brasil. Resultados: somente (24) 23,3% dos docentes conduzem o ensino de saúde mental apenas na atenção primária à saúde. Da amostra, as limitações para conduzir o ensino na atenção primária são pouca carga horária (46,6%), docentes para expandir o ensino além dos cenários de especialidade (38,8%), e priorização de outros cenários (48,5%). Quando conduzido, as estratégias utilizadas são visita domiciliar (43,7%), ações educativas (34,0%), busca ativa de casos de saúde mental (29,1%). Os docentes consideram importante para subsidiar ações em saúde mental (58,3%), e como entrave, a falta de articulação entre as disciplinas de Saúde Coletiva e Saúde para conduzir o ensino (87,5%). Conclusão: sugere-se que as instituições, cursos e docentes assumam o compromisso e centrem esforços para superar as lacunas, que dificultam o processo formativo do enfermeiro sobre conhecimentos primários em saúde mental, para que estes consigam ofertar cuidado para a sujeito em sofrimento psíquico no contexto da comunidade bem como fortalecer a política nacional de saúde mental.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Instituciones Académicas , Salud Mental , Enfermería , Curriculum , Atención Primaria de Salud , Conocimiento , Educación en Enfermería , Bachillerato en Enfermería , Docentes
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 115, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175029

RESUMEN

Since March 2020, Brazil has faced the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), which has severely modified the way in which the population lives and uses health services. As such, face-to-face attendance has dropped dramatically, even for child vaccination, due to measures of social distancing to mitigate the transmission of the virus. Several countries have recorded a substantial drop in vaccination coverage in children, especially of those under two years of age. In Brazil, administrative data indicate the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on this downward trend, which was already an important challenge of the National Immunization Program in recent years. Many children will be susceptible to immunopreventable diseases, which reinforces the need to assess the vaccine status of schoolchildren before returning to face-to-face classes.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Instituciones Académicas , Cobertura de Vacunación/tendencias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil/epidemiología , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Pandemias
6.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161667

RESUMEN

Every year number of eye diseases among children and adolescents is steadily increasing. The most possible causes of this process are sedentary life-style, computerization of society and school curriculum characteristics. The survey of 209 parents of children and adolescents was organized and carried out. The study established that modern children spend much more time at screens than it is recommended by regulatory documents. The pathology of eye was diagnosed in 46.9% of children, 39.2% of children are regularly observed by ophthalmologist. 53.6% of children are regularly observed by an ophthalmologist. Among parents whose children are monitored by ophthalmologist, 55.3% mentioned inaccessibility of medical appointments, that makes impossible regular corresponding medical check-ups and results in progressing of diseases present and development of new ones. The ophthalmologist plays key role in maintaining visual analyzer health. To effectively prevent visual organ pathology, it is necessary to achieve comprehensive interaction of ophthalmologist, teachers (preschool teachers), parents and children themselves.


Asunto(s)
Pacientes Ambulatorios , Maestros , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Padres , Instituciones Académicas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(7): 614-624, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146085

RESUMEN

Effectiveness of a Manual Dexterity Training in German Kindergarten The present study examines effects of a manual dexterity training with cup stacking/speed stacking exercises for children in the last year of German kindergarten. Between pre- and posttest, nine trainings sessions were conducted within two weeks. The training group consisted of N = 20 children, the waiting control group of N = 17 children. Pre- and posttest consisted of the manual dexterity scale of the Movement ABC-2 (Petermann, 2011). Compared to the control group, the training group showed significantly lower pretest scores but higher posttest scores. Results were discussed in the light of need for replications. The importance of early prevention and intervention of motor coordination problems is highlighted.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Mano/fisiología , Instituciones Académicas , Niño , Alemania , Humanos
9.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 11: 2150132720967503, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146062

RESUMEN

Teachers are vulnerable non-essential workers that continue to have significant misgivings about in-person school reopening. Dialogue around pandemic management has relatively neglected these concerns so far. This perspective offers a broad framework for risk assessment related to COVID-19 and in-person instruction. The accumulated general body of knowledge related to COVID-19 is particularized to the special dynamics of education. We highlight the impact of historic investments and underinvestment in education on the viability of adapting best practices to mitigate risk. Gaps in public health planning to supply educators with needed personal protective equipment and vaccination are explored. The challenges for low-income and minority-predominant districts receive special attention. We place these problems within the broader context of socioeconomic disparities and the societal consequences of the pandemic. The local level of community transmission, resources, and circumstances should dictate reopening dates. Without effective infection control, teachers are justified to fear infection. The transparency and scientific rigor that would allow teachers to assess their personal health risk and characterize the process for decision-making has been largely absent.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Maestros/psicología , Instituciones Académicas/organización & administración , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Miedo , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Medición de Riesgo , Maestros/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
10.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1713, 2020 Nov 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198707

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Mathematical modeling studies have suggested that pre-emptive school closures alone have little overall impact on SARS-CoV-2 transmission, but reopening schools in the background of community contact reduction presents a unique scenario that has not been fully assessed. METHODS: We adapted a previously published model using contact information from Shanghai to model school reopening under various conditions. We investigated different strategies by combining the contact patterns observed between different age groups during both baseline and "lockdown" periods. We also tested the robustness of our strategy to the assumption of lower susceptibility to infection in children under age 15 years. RESULTS: We find that reopening schools for all children would maintain a post-intervention R0 < 1 up to a baseline R0 of approximately 3.3 provided that daily contacts among children 10-19 years are reduced to 33% of baseline. This finding was robust to various estimates of susceptibility to infection in children relative to adults (up to 50%) and to estimates of various levels of concomitant reopening in the rest of the community (up to 40%). However, full school reopening without any degree of contact reduction in the school setting returned R0 virtually back to baseline, highlighting the importance of mitigation measures. CONCLUSIONS: These results, based on contact structure data from Shanghai, suggest that schools can reopen with proper precautions during conditions of extreme contact reduction and during conditions of reasonable levels of reopening in the rest of the community.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Instituciones Académicas/organización & administración , Niño , China/epidemiología , Trazado de Contacto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología
13.
Codas ; 32(5): e20180255, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174983

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To carry out a systematic review of scientific productions that dealt with the topic of phonological processing in relation to the influence of poor academic performance, as well as its interference in the development of reading and writing. RESEARCH STRATEGY: Articles published until August 2017 were searched in electronic databases. After elaborating the guiding question of the study: "What is the influence of phonological processing on poor school performance and its relation in the development of reading and writing?", we collected and selected the reports using descriptors, gathered in a single search equation, according to three thematic axes: phonological processing, learning and poor school performance. SELECTION CRITERIA: Original researches with an evaluation of at least two phonological processing skills were included. Articles that had no relationship between phonological processing skills and school performance were excluded. DATA ANALYSIS: The titles and abstracts were read by two speech-language pathologists, separately. The results were compared and the divergences found decided by a third researcher speech therapist, also responsible for the study. The articles included were read in full and data extraction was performed to analyze the methodology and the main results. RESULTS: 982 potentially relevant studies were selected. After using the evidence matrices, 38 scientific productions were included for detailed analysis. CONCLUSION: The study of scientific productions revealed that the alteration in phonological processing skills presented a relation with poor academic performance and, together with the schooling phase, directly influenced reading and writing skills.


Asunto(s)
Fonética , Lectura , Humanos , Publicaciones , Instituciones Académicas , Escritura
14.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(11): e2028786, 2020 11 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180132

RESUMEN

Importance: United States primary school closures during the 2020 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic affected millions of children, with little understanding of the potential health outcomes associated with educational disruption. Objective: To estimate the potential years of life lost (YLL) associated with the COVID-19 pandemic conditioned on primary schools being closed or remaining open. Design, Setting, and Participants: This decision analytical model estimated the association between school closures and reduced educational attainment and the association between reduced educational attainment and life expectancy using publicly available data sources, including data for 2020 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Social Security Administration, and the US Census Bureau. Direct COVID-19 mortality and potential increases in mortality that might have resulted if school opening led to increased transmission of COVID-19 were also estimated. Main Outcomes and Measures: Years of life lost. Results: A total of 24.2 million children aged 5 to 11 years attended public schools that were closed during the 2020 pandemic, losing a median of 54 (interquartile range, 48-62.5) days of instruction. Missed instruction was associated with a mean loss of 0.31 (95% credible interval [CI], 0.10-0.65) years of final educational attainment for boys and 0.21 (95% CI, 0.06-0.46) years for girls. Summed across the population, an estimated 5.53 million (95% CI, 1.88-10.80) YLL may be associated with school closures. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported a total of 88 241 US deaths from COVID-19 through the end of May 2020, with an estimated 1.50 million (95% CI, 1.23-1.85 million) YLL as a result. Had schools remained open, 1.47 million (95% credible interval, 0.45-2.59) additional YLL could have been expected as a result, based on results of studies associating school closure with decreased pandemic spread. Comparing the full distributions of estimated YLL under both "schools open" and "schools closed" conditions, the analysis observed a 98.1% probability that school opening would have been associated with a lower total YLL than school closure. Conclusions and Relevance: In this decision analytical model of years of life potentially lost under differing conditions of school closure, the analysis favored schools remaining open. Future decisions regarding school closures during the pandemic should consider the association between educational disruption and decreased expected lifespan and give greater weight to the potential outcomes of school closure on children's health.


Asunto(s)
Salud del Niño , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Educación a Distancia , Escolaridad , Esperanza de Vida , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Instituciones Académicas , Betacoronavirus , Niño , Preescolar , Infecciones por Coronavirus/mortalidad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Estadísticos , Método de Montecarlo , Neumonía Viral/mortalidad , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
15.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(43): 1600-1604, 2020 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119558

RESUMEN

During July 2-August 11, 2020, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) occurred at a boys' overnight summer school retreat in Wisconsin. The retreat included 152 high school-aged boys, counselors, and staff members from 21 states and territories and two foreign countries. All attendees were required to provide documentation of either a positive serologic test result* within the past 3 months or a negative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests result for SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) ≤7 days before travel, to self-quarantine within their households for 7 days before travel, and to wear masks during travel. On July 15, the Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) began an investigation after being notified that two students at the retreat had received positive SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test results. WDHS offered RT-PCR testing to attendees on July 28 and serologic testing on August 5 and 6. Seventy-eight (51%) attendees received positive RT-PCR results (confirmed cases), and 38 (25%) met clinical criteria for COVID-19 without a positive RT-PCR result (probable cases). By the end of the retreat, 118 (78%) persons had received a positive serologic test result. Among 24 attendees with a documented positive serologic test result before the retreat, all received negative RT-PCR results. After RT-PCR testing on July 28, WDHS recommended that remaining susceptible persons (asymptomatic and with negative RT-PCR test results) quarantine from other students and staff members at the retreat. Recommended end dates for isolation or quarantine were based on established guidance (1,2) and determined in coordination with CDC. All attendees were cleared for interstate and commercial air travel to return home on August 11. This outbreak investigation documented rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2, likely from a single student, among adolescents and young adults in a congregate setting. Mitigation plans that include prearrival quarantine and testing, cohorting, symptom monitoring, early identification and isolation of cases, mask use, enhanced hygiene and disinfection practices, and maximal outdoor programming are necessary to prevent COVID-19 outbreaks in these settings (3,4).


Asunto(s)
Acampada , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Instituciones Académicas , Adolescente , Adulto , Técnicas de Laboratorio Clínico/estadística & datos numéricos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Factores de Tiempo , Wisconsin/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
16.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0234693, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091021

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The pathogenic and oncogenic roles of papillomavirus (HPV) infections have been documented and shown to occur in women as well as in men. While other countries have already extended their vaccination guidelines to include boys, in 2019 the French National Authority for Health validated implementation of HPV vaccination in the 2020 vaccination schedule. There is, however, a climate of distrust in regard to vaccination in France, and there have been few studies to date regarding the acceptability of HPV vaccination in boys in France. The aim of this study was, therefore, to evaluate the acceptability of extending the recommendations for HPV vaccination in men, among middle and high school students and their parents. METHODS: Our study (HPVac) was a prospective, multicenter, departmental, and descriptive survey applied to a sample of male middle and high school students attending schools in the Loire-Atlantique department and their parents. It took place from January 2017 to January 2018. RESULTS: We analyzed the information obtained from 127 parent questionnaires and 145 children questionnaires. In terms of acceptability, 36.6% (n = 53) of the children and 37.8% (n = 48) of the parents were in favour of being vaccinated or of having their children vaccinated against HPV (51.7% (n = 75) and 50.4% (n = 64), respectively, were undecided). The perception of a risk stemming from HPV infection was positively associated with acceptability of the HPV vaccine. Being against vaccines in general, being discouraged by their parents, parents thinking that their child is not at risk, and the belief that the vaccine is not mandatory were arguments cited and significantly associated with a willingness to be vaccinated. CONCLUSION: This study revealed a lack of information among boys and their parents about HPV and its vaccination. It also clearly showed that taking time to discuss the consequences of an infection and the merits of being vaccinated can help parents overcome their reluctance. The children then generally go along with their parent's choice.


Asunto(s)
Papillomaviridae/inmunología , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/prevención & control , Vacunas contra Papillomavirus/administración & dosificación , Padres/psicología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Estudiantes/psicología , Vacunación/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Francia/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Papillomavirus/virología , Pronóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Instituciones Académicas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
17.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(4): 265-266, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049100

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic lockdown response has had a disproportionate and damaging effect on the lives, mental health and well-being of young people globally. They have been neglected in policy-making and their needs have been subjugated to those of adults which contravenes the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Here, I argue that the needs and rights of young people must come first to protect their health, mental health and futures. If we do not do this, we will let down a generation of children who will bear the brunt of the fallout of the economic burden of the global COVID-19 crisis.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Cuarentena/psicología , Instituciones Académicas/organización & administración , Estudiantes/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Trastornos del Neurodesarrollo/psicología
18.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(4): 260-262, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049102

RESUMEN

The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic causes much disruption globally on sociopolitical, economic and healthcare fronts. While much of the impact has focused on the epidemiology and medical management of the pandemic, more need to be focused on the mental health impact of COVID-19. This article describes the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Singapore's schools and the response and adaptation of the school community mental health services. Singapore's response is one of balancing the needs of the population and demands in this crisis, with the utilization of technology and outbreak and support control measures. Further consideration needs to be afforded to increase capacity of the school and mental health services to support youth and tapping on technological innovations.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Servicios de Salud Mental/organización & administración , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Servicios de Salud Escolar/organización & administración , Instituciones Académicas , Adolescente , Niño , Servicios de Salud del Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Salud Mental , Derivación y Consulta , Singapur
19.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(4): 270-272, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049109

RESUMEN

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the social distancing procedures have caused disruptions to daily activities. The first preventive procedures by the closing of schools will undoubtedly have short- and long-term consequences for the mental health of school students. The movement restrictions, school closures and stay at home during the COVID-19 pandemic will likely lead to a rise in the rates of domestic violence, loneliness, depression, fear, panic and anxiety, and substance use among school students.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Instituciones Académicas , Adolescente , Ansiedad/psicología , Niño , Servicios de Salud del Niño , Humanos , Servicios de Salud Mental , Pakistán , Cuarentena/psicología , Servicios de Salud Escolar , Estudiantes
20.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(4): 263-264, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058519

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has illuminated preference of children with autism spectrum disorder of near average to above average intelligence (high functioning autism - HFA) for remote learning. While many children with HFA excel at the academic curriculum, the majority struggle with the so-called hidden curriculum, which includes such things as social rules and societal norms. Explicit teaching of the hidden curriculum is often lacking in mainstream education classes and can be a tremendous stumbling block for children with HFA. The result is often anxiety and depression which can be exacerbated or sometimes even caused by the intense demands for sociability and flexibility required in most mainstream educational settings. Remote learning, while not a legitimate option until now, has provided these children with an opportunity to flourish at home and improve not only their grades but also their mental health. While remote learning or hybrid models may continue to be appropriate for some children, understanding of the hidden curriculum is necessary beyond the school years. Both mental health and academic proficiency will flourish to the degree we are able to make the hidden curriculum more explicit to children with HFA.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Instituciones Académicas/organización & administración , Adolescente , Niño , Curriculum , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Conducta Social , Telecomunicaciones
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