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1.
Emotion ; 20(1): 105-109, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961187

RESUMEN

Emotion regulation skills are critical to young children's school readiness and later academic achievement, as well as educators' efficacy, stress, and job satisfaction. In this article, we demonstrate how the science of emotion regulation can be translated into practical steps for educating teachers and students in schools. We begin with the crucial role of supporting educators in developing their own emotion regulation skills. We also discuss concrete and accessible tools that can be used to support both educators' own skill development and that of their students. We demonstrate how educators can integrate the teaching of emotion regulation through direct instruction, its integration into existing curricula, and daily practices and routines. The examples we provide are part of RULER, an evidence-based, whole school approach to social and emotional learning (SEL) that was developed at the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence. RULER is grounded in the theory of emotional intelligence, which emphasizes the critical role of emotion regulation in healthy development. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Éxito Académico , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Regulación Emocional/fisiología , Aprendizaje/fisiología , Aprendizaje Social/fisiología , Estudiantes/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituciones Académicas
2.
Behav Neurol ; 2019: 6530539, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583023

RESUMEN

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) affects up to 4% of a pediatric population, with many comorbidities in the medium-long term. Functional alterations in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) may explain why OSAS impacts aspects such as executive functions, memory, motor control, attention, visual-spatial skills, learning, and mood regulation. Emotional intelligence (EI) is a complex neuropsychological function that could be impaired in many clinical conditions. Purpose: The aim of the study is to evaluate the difference in emotional intelligence skills among children with OSAS and healthy subjects (nOSAS). Methods: 129 children (72 males; mean age 7.64 ± 1.98 years) affected by OSAS were compared to 264 non-OSAS (nOSAS) children (138 males; mean age 7.98 ± 2.13) similar for gender, age, and socioeconomic status. In order to assess the emotional quotient, the Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version (EQ-i:YV) was used. Results: The comparison for means and standard deviation between OSAS children and nOSAS children for EQ-i:YV scores showed significant differences for Interpersonal, Adaptability, and Stress Management scales and EQ Total score. Conclusions: Our findings highlighted the role of intermittent hypoxia in the genesis of the effects of sleep-related respiratory disorders, which involves also aspects different from physical impairments.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/psicología , Atención/fisiología , Niño , Preescolar , Función Ejecutiva/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Memoria/fisiología , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas , Polisomnografía/métodos , Trastornos Respiratorios/fisiopatología , Trastornos Respiratorios/psicología , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/fisiopatología
3.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 36: 176-180, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383436

RESUMEN

The present study examines the effect of the Mindfulness and Emotional Intelligence Program (PINEP), adapted to the virtual learning platform Moodle where participants receive Mindfulness training in 12 sessions lasting an hour and a half. The sample consists of 89 people, assigned randomly to a control group on the waiting list and to an experimental group that undertakes the training. The results indicate that the participants who completed PINEP showed improvement in the variables of health, empathy and mindfulness, in comparison with the participants of the group on the waiting list.


Asunto(s)
Emociones/fisiología , Atención Plena , Realidad Virtual , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Empatía/fisiología , Humanos , Atención Plena/educación , Atención Plena/métodos
4.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 49(11): 4646-4657, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463630

RESUMEN

In a context described as a challenge in parenting (having an autistic child), we sought to highlight the emotional skills that mothers gain as a result of interacting with their child, and how they then use these skills. Mothers of autistic children (n = 136) and mothers of non-autistic children (n = 139) responded to emotional intelligence, resilience, and coping scales. Comparisons revealed smaller differences between groups than expected. Nevertheless, mothers of autistic children showed greater resilience abilities than mothers of non-autistic children. Moreover, we noted differences between both groups regarding their use of emotional skills. Emotional intelligence is a resource that deserves to be explored in terms of its clinical implications, especially among the parents of autistic children.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica/fisiología , Trastorno Autístico/psicología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Madres/psicología , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Trastorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Trastorno Autístico/terapia , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Padres/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/terapia , Adulto Joven
5.
Br J Health Psychol ; 24(4): 828-846, 2019 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290198

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Low emotional intelligence (EI) may predispose individuals to applying maladaptive coping strategies. This may maintain anxious worrying, which is highly prevalent in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and may affect mental (MCS) and physical component summaries (PCS) of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). DESIGN: The current study is a cross-sectional and cross-cultural survey. METHODS: N = 200 outpatients with CHF were recruited at cardiology institutes in Germany and Pakistan and assessed with self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: Path analysis (χ2 (4) = 7.59, p = .11, GFI = .99) revealed that the expected associations between low EI and lower SF-36 MCS and PCS of HRQoL were fully mediated by negative metacognition and maladaptive coping in the Pakistani sample (p's ≤ .05). The German sample applied different maladaptive coping strategies, which also led to lower MCS and PCS scores, but did not mediate a direct positive effect of EI on HRQoL. CONCLUSION: The current findings support culture-independent validity of the metacognitive model but also reveal major cultural differences regarding the application and effect of specific maladaptive coping strategies. This has important implications for caregivers in a cross-cultural context and highlights the need for culture-specific tailoring of psychosocial interventions. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Worry, an integral component of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and highly comorbid in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, contributes to anxiety and resulting stress as evident from metacognitive model of GAD. In addition, previous literature has also established the protective role of emotional intelligence (EI) against stress, thus maintaining quality of life. What does this study add? Cross-cultural (Pakistan vs. Germany) validation of the metacognitive model of GAD. Supportive evidence for the metacognitive model in patients with CHF. Mediation of maladaptive metacognitions and negative coping in the relationship of low trait EI and low health-related quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica/fisiología , Comparación Transcultural , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/psicología , Metacognición/fisiología , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Anciano , Enfermedad Crónica , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Alemania , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pakistán , Autoinforme , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0219468, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291333

RESUMEN

The study investigated the association between emotional intelligence and academic success among undergraduates of Kohat University of Science & Technology (KUST), Pakistan. A sample of 186 students who were enrolled during the semester Fall 2015 to Spring 2018 was selected through a random sampling technique. A cross-sectional, descriptive and correlational research methods were employed in this study. A standardized tool "Emotional Intelligence Scale" was employed for the collection of information from the undergraduates. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of the students was considered as academic success. Data were collected through personal visits. Statistical tools i.e., simple percentage, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Pearson's product-moment correlation and multiple linear regression were employed to reach the desired research outcomes. The findings revealed that there was a strong positive relationship (r = 0.880) between emotional intelligence and academic success among undergraduate students. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that self-development (Beta = 0.296), emotional stability (Beta = 0.197), managing relations (Beta = 0.170), altruistic behaviour (Beta = 0.145), and commitment (Beta = 0.117) predict academic success of undergraduates positively. The findings suggest that the emotional intelligence of the undergraduate students may be further improved so that their academic performance may further be enhanced.


Asunto(s)
Éxito Académico , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Emociones/fisiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pakistán/epidemiología , Estudiantes de Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15345, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045776

RESUMEN

The brain has multiple functions, and its structures are very closely related to one another. Thus, the brain areas associated with stress, emotion, and intelligence are closely connected. The purpose of this study was to investigate the multiple associations between stress and emotional intelligence (EI), between EI and intelligence quotient (IQ), between cytokines and stress, and between cytokines and IQ. We measured the stress, EI, cognitive intelligence using IQ, and cytokine levels of 70 healthy subjects. We also analyzed the association of cytokines with IQ according to hemispheric dominance using the brain preference indicator (BPI). We found significant negative correlations between stress and the components of EI, such as emotional awareness and expression, emotional thinking, and emotional regulation. High levels of anger, which is a component of stress, were significantly related to poor emotional regulation. Additionally, emotional application was positively correlated with full-scale IQ scores and scores on the vocabulary, picture arrangement, and block design subtests of the IQ test. High IL-10 levels were significantly associated with low stress levels only in the right-brain-dominant group. High IL-10 and IFN-gamma levels have been associated with high scores of arithmetic intelligence. TNF-alpha and IL-6 were negatively associated with vocabulary scores and full-scale IQ, but IL-10 and IFN-gamma were positively associated with scores on the arithmetic subtest in left-brain-dominant subjects. On the other hand, IL-10 showed positive correlations with scores for vocabulary and for vocabulary and arithmetic in right-brain-dominant subjects. Furthermore, we found significant linear regression models which can show integrative associations and contribution on emotional and cognitive intelligence. Thus, we demonstrated that cytokines, stress, and emotional and cognitive intelligence are closely connected one another related to brain structure and functions. Also, the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha and IL-6 had negative effects, whereas the anti-inflammatory cytokines (e.g., IL-10 and IFN-gamma) showed beneficial effects, on stress levels, and multiple dimensions of emotional and cognitive intelligence. Additionally, these relationships among cytokines, stress, and emotional and cognitive intelligence differed depending on right and left hemispheric dominance.


Asunto(s)
Cognición/fisiología , Citocinas/biosíntesis , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Estrés Psicológico/fisiopatología , Escalas de Wechsler , Adulto , Ira/fisiología , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Dominancia Cerebral/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Mediadores de Inflamación/metabolismo , Pruebas de Inteligencia , Interferón gamma/biosíntesis , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-6/biosíntesis , Modelos Lineales , Masculino , República de Corea , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa/biosíntesis , Adulto Joven
8.
J Sports Sci ; 37(16): 1831-1839, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973054

RESUMEN

This research examined the time courses of emotions in sport settings (anxiety, dejection, anger, happiness, excitement) experienced by mountain ultra-marathon (MUM) runners within the month following a demanding MUM race and the role of emotional intelligence (EI) in these time courses. A six-wave one-month longitudinal design was used with one measurement point within two days before the race to measure EI and five time points within the month following the race to assess emotions experienced among a sample of 29 runners. Results of multilevel growth curve analyses showed significant linear decreases of dejection and anxiety and a significant linear increase of anger. EI was related to the intercept (level at the end of the MUM race) of happiness, excitement and dejection. Moreover the interaction of EI with time was associated with happiness, excitement and anger. This means that high and low emotional intelligent runners exhibited distinct trajectories of emotional intelligence within the month following the MUM race. Indeed, trait-EI appeared to have a protective role against stress process leading to emotional adjustment within the recovery period following an ultra-endurance event. As such, consultants and coaches could conduct specific program over the sport season designed to enhance trait-EI of MUM runners.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Competitiva/fisiología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Emociones/fisiología , Resistencia Física/fisiología , Carrera/fisiología , Carrera/psicología , Adulto , Ira/fisiología , Ansiedad/fisiopatología , Femenino , Felicidad , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tristeza/fisiología , Factores de Tiempo
9.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 41(1): 87-93, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994781

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been defined as the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. Studying EI could potentially be useful in understanding addictive behaviors as well as for designing and planning interventions. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a critical review on EI impairment in addiction disorders. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, and SciELO databases were searched. Articles that used the standardized Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) instrument to assess EI in people with addictions and healthy controls were selected for the review. RESULTS: We selected seven articles assessing EI and its associations with addiction disorders, mainly alcohol abuse and cocaine dependence. Most studies reported that individuals with addiction disorders had worse EI scores when compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Overall, the studies reviewed demonstrated that addictions are associated with EI deficits, compared to controls. However, aspects such as the small number of addictive disorders analyzed, methodological issues related to instruments for assessment of IE and the lack of follow-up remain significant limitations.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Adictiva/fisiopatología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/fisiopatología , Humanos
10.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 41(1): 94-102, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994788

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) is a theoretical construct postulated by Mayer and Salovey to designate the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. The study of EI in schizophrenia offers new insights into the disorder's cognitive and functional impacts. OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively review studies analyzing EI impairment in schizophrenia spectrum disorders using standardized instruments. METHODS: Searches were run on MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and SciELO databases. The only validated instrument used was the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (MSCEIT). Articles that used all branches of the MSCEIT to assess EI in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and healthy controls were included in the review. RESULTS: We found 30 articles on this topic. The studies analyzed showed a significant impairment of MSCEIT total score in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders when compared to healthy controls. In relation to the MSCEIT branches, understanding of emotions and management of emotions are the most impaired branches. CONCLUSION: Since most studies are cross-sectional, it is not possible to establish a cause and effect relationship between EI deficits and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Therefore, longitudinal studies are needed to establish a clearer relationship between these variables. By so doing, we may be able to intervene for prevention and management of these disorders, aiming at better quality of life for patients.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Trastornos Psicóticos/fisiopatología , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatología , Humanos
11.
J Sci Med Sport ; 22(7): 763-768, 2019 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30922550

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Participants of ultramarathon events experience a complex interaction of psychophysiological stressors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the role of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) on mood states and serum cortisol responses to a 80.5km treadmill ultramarathon. DESIGN: Twelve participants completed an 80.5km time-trial on a motorised treadmill in the fastest possible time. METHODS: Participants' trait EI was measured prior to the trial. A mood state questionnaire was completed prior (baseline: within two weeks of treadmill ultramarathon), immediately prior (pre: within 30min of commencing treadmill ultramarathon), at 40.25km (halfway: during standardised 10min rest period to allow for venous blood sampling) and on completion of 80.5km (post: immediately on completion of treadmill ultramarathon), along with serum cortisol concentrations measured at the same time points. RESULTS: Completion time was 09:00:18±01:14:07 (hhmmss). Significant increase in serum cortisol and total mood disturbance (TMD) was observed throughout the treadmill ultramarathon (p<0.05). Participants with higher trait EI displayed a higher post cortisol concentration (p=0.01) with no change in TMD, compared to those with low trait EI who displayed a significant increase in TMD between pre and halfway (p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The treadmill ultramarathon elicited a significant increase in serum cortisol concentration, which was significantly greater in those with a higher trait EI. Those individuals with higher trait EI were more effective at managing their mood, with little change total mood disturbance and perceived effort compared to those with lower trait EI.


Asunto(s)
Afecto/fisiología , Atletas/psicología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Carrera/fisiología , Carrera/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangre , Prueba de Esfuerzo/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/sangre , Masculino , Consumo de Oxígeno/fisiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 87-93, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004842

RESUMEN

Abstract Introduction Emotional intelligence (EI) has been defined as the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. Studying EI could potentially be useful in understanding addictive behaviors as well as for designing and planning interventions. Objectives To conduct a critical review on EI impairment in addiction disorders. Methods MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, and SciELO databases were searched. Articles that used the standardized Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) instrument to assess EI in people with addictions and healthy controls were selected for the review. Results We selected seven articles assessing EI and its associations with addiction disorders, mainly alcohol abuse and cocaine dependence. Most studies reported that individuals with addiction disorders had worse EI scores when compared to controls. Conclusion Overall, the studies reviewed demonstrated that addictions are associated with EI deficits, compared to controls. However, aspects such as the small number of addictive disorders analyzed, methodological issues related to instruments for assessment of IE and the lack of follow-up remain significant limitations.


Resumo Introdução Inteligência emocional (IE) é definida como a habilidade de perceber, compreender, utilizar e manejar emoções. Estudos em IE são potencialmente úteis na compreensão de comportamentos relacionados a adições, assim como no planejamento de intervenções. Objetivos Realizar revisão crítica da literatura em comprometimento da IE em adições. Métodos A busca foi realizada nas plataformas MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS e SciELO. Artigos que utilizaram o Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) para a avaliação de IE em adições e controles saudáveis foram incluídos na revisão. Resultados Nós selecionamos sete artigos que avaliaram IE e sua associação com dependência química e não química, especialmente abuso de álcool e dependência de cocaína. A maior parte dos estudos reportou que indivíduos com transtornos relacionados ao uso de substâncias apresentaram valores inferiores na MSCEIT em comparação a controles saudáveis. Conclusão De forma geral, os estudos revisados demostraram uma associação entre dependência química e déficits em IE na comparação com controles saudáveis. No entanto, a reduzida quantidade de transtornos de uso de substância analisada, problemas metodológicos relacionados a instrumentos de avaliação de IE e a ausência de seguimento dos sujeitos incluídos nos estudos são limitações significativas.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Conducta Adictiva/fisiopatología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/fisiopatología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología
13.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 94-102, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004845

RESUMEN

Abstract Introduction Emotional intelligence (EI) is a theoretical construct postulated by Mayer and Salovey to designate the ability to perceive, understand, use and manage emotions. The study of EI in schizophrenia offers new insights into the disorder's cognitive and functional impacts. Objectives To comprehensively review studies analyzing EI impairment in schizophrenia spectrum disorders using standardized instruments. Methods Searches were run on MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and SciELO databases. The only validated instrument used was the Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (MSCEIT). Articles that used all branches of the MSCEIT to assess EI in schizophrenia spectrum disorders and healthy controls were included in the review. Results We found 30 articles on this topic. The studies analyzed showed a significant impairment of MSCEIT total score in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders when compared to healthy controls. In relation to the MSCEIT branches, understanding of emotions and management of emotions are the most impaired branches. Conclusion Since most studies are cross-sectional, it is not possible to establish a cause and effect relationship between EI deficits and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Therefore, longitudinal studies are needed to establish a clearer relationship between these variables. By so doing, we may be able to intervene for prevention and management of these disorders, aiming at better quality of life for patients.


Resumo Introdução Inteligência emocional (IE) é um constructo postulado por Mayer e Salovey para designar a habilidade de perceber, entender, utilizar e gerenciar emoções. O estudo de IE em esquizofrenia oferece novos insights quanto ao impacto deste transtorno em funções cognitivas e funcionais. Objetivos Conduzir revisão da literatura que analisa o prejuízo em IE nos transtornos do espectro da esquizofrenia utilizando instrumentos padronizados. Métodos Buscas foram realizadas nos bancos de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, LILACS, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov e SciELO. O único instrumento validado utilizado foi a Multifactor Emotional Intelligence Scale (MSCEIT). Artigos que utilizaram todas as ramificações da MSCEIT para avaliar IE em transtornos do espectro da esquizofrenia e em controles saudáveis foram incluídos na revisão. Resultados Encontramos 30 artigos no tópico estudado. Os estudos analisados mostraram um prejuízo significativo da IE pela MSCEIT em pacientes com transtornos do espectro da esquizofrenia quando comparados com controles saudáveis. Em relação às ramificações da MSCEIT, compreensão das emoções e gerenciamento das emoções foram as ramificações com maior prejuízo. Conclusão Devido à maior parte dos estudos serem estudos transversais, não é possível estabelecer uma relação de causa e efeito entre os déficits em IE e transtornos do espectro da esquizofrenia. Portanto, estudos longitudinais são necessários para se estabelecer uma relação mais clara entre essas variáveis. Assim, talvez possamos intervir na prevenção e manejo desses transtornos, para uma melhor qualidade de vida dos pacientes.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Trastornos Psicóticos/fisiopatología , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología
14.
Percept Mot Skills ; 126(2): 305-322, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30665338

RESUMEN

The relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and successful athletic performance has been previously recognized, but there remains a need to investigate how EI impacts athletes' sports motivation. This cross-sectional study investigated how different EI dimensions related to athletes' motivation among 239 adult basketball players (129 females) aged 18-34 years. Our research participants completed questionnaires that included the self-reported Emotional Intelligence Scale and Sport Motivation Scale II. We found significant correlations between total EI and intrinsic, integrated, identified, and introjected regulation. Higher EI was negatively related to athletes' amotivation. More specifically, the self-reported abilities to perceive emotion and manage others' emotions were significantly related to intrinsic, integrated, and identified regulation, and only managing one's own emotions negatively related to athletes' amotivation.


Asunto(s)
Atletas/psicología , Baloncesto/psicología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Motivación/fisiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven
15.
Neuroimage ; 189: 214-223, 2019 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630078

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Social cognitive ability is a significant determinant of functional outcome, and deficits in social cognition are a disabling symptom of psychotic disorders. The neurobiological underpinnings of social cognition are not well understood, hampering our ability to ameliorate these deficits. OBJECTIVE: Using 'resting state' functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) and a trans-diagnostic, data-driven analytic strategy, we sought to identify the brain network basis of emotional intelligence, a key domain of social cognition. METHODS: The study included 60 participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and 45 healthy controls. All participants underwent a rsfMRI scan. Emotional Intelligence was measured using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). A connectome-wide analysis examined how each individual brain voxel's connectivity correlated with emotional intelligence using multivariate distance matrix regression (MDMR). RESULTS: We identified a region in the left superior parietal lobule (SPL) where individual network topology is linked to emotional intelligence. Specifically, in high scoring individuals, this region is a node of the Default Mode Network and in low scoring individuals, it is a node of the Dorsal Attention Network. This relationship was observed in both schizophrenia and healthy comparison participants. CONCLUSION: Prior studies have demonstrated individual variance in the topology of canonical resting state networks but the cognitive or behavioral relevance of these differences has largely been undetermined. We observe that the left SPL, a region of high individual variance at the cytoarchitectonic level, also demonstrates individual variance in its association with large scale resting-state networks and that network topology is linked to emotional intelligence.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo/fisiología , Conectoma/métodos , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Red Nerviosa/fisiología , Trastornos Psicóticos/fisiopatología , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatología , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Masculino , Red Nerviosa/diagnóstico por imagen , Lóbulo Parietal/diagnóstico por imagen , Lóbulo Parietal/fisiología , Trastornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico por imagen , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico por imagen
16.
J Gen Psychol ; 146(1): 50-67, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612531

RESUMEN

This study investigated the relationship between trait emotional intelligence (TEI) and executive skills (ESs), and the differences between TEI and ESs among Malaysian and Iranian youths. In this study, 226 Malaysians and 248 Iranians completed the TEIQue-SF and Executive Skills Questionnaire. Hypotheses were tested with Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). Findings indicated that TEI had significant predictions on ESs, depending on cultural contexts. Significant differences were found in the effects of TEI on ESs, including emotional control, metacognition, goal-directed persistence, response inhibition, planning/prioritization, sustained attention, stress tolerance, task initiation, and working memory among Malaysian and Iranian youth. No significant difference was found in the effects of TEI on ESs, including flexibility, organization, and time management across both groups. This study makes a unique contribution to emotional intelligence and executive functioning research literature by considering several ESs at the same time for personal development and promoting healthier lives. Comparison of the effect of TEI on ESs in the Malaysian and Iranian contexts using advanced analysis methods is one of the most important methodological contributions of the study.


Asunto(s)
Atención/fisiología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Función Ejecutiva/fisiología , Memoria a Corto Plazo/fisiología , Personalidad/fisiología , Adolescente , Comparación Transcultural , Femenino , Humanos , Irán , Malasia , Masculino , Psicometría , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
17.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 96: 155-173, 2019 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30502352

RESUMEN

Distancing is a type of emotion regulation that involves simulating a new perspective to alter the psychological distance and emotional impact of a stimulus. The effectiveness and versatility of distancing relative to other types of emotion regulation make it a promising tool for clinical applications. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms of this tactic are unclear, and inconsistencies in terminology and methods across studies make it difficult to synthesize the literature. To promote more effective research, we propose a taxonomy of distancing within the broader context of emotion regulation strategies; review the effects of this tactic; and offer a preliminary neurocognitive model describing key cognitive processes and their neural bases. Our model emphasizes three components-self-projection, affective self-reflection, and cognitive control. Additionally, we present results from a supporting meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies of distancing. These efforts are presented within the overarching goals of supporting effective applications of distancing in laboratory, clinical, and other real-world contexts, and advancing understanding of the relevant high-level cognitive functions in the brain.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo/fisiología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Emociones/fisiología , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Modelos Neurológicos , Modelos Psicológicos
18.
J Appl Psychol ; 104(4): 559-580, 2019 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346195

RESUMEN

Emotional intelligence (EI) has been frequently studied as a predictor of work criteria, but disparate approaches to defining and measuring EI have produced rather inconsistent findings. The conceptualization of EI as an ability to be measured with performance-based tests is by many considered the most appropriate approach, but only few tests developed in this tradition exist, and none of them is designed to specifically assess EI in the workplace. The present research introduces the Geneva Emotional Competence test (GECo)-a new ability EI test measuring emotion recognition (assessed using video clips of actors), emotion understanding, emotion regulation in oneself, and emotion management in others (all assessed with situational judgment items of work-related scenarios). For the situational judgment items, correct and incorrect response options were developed using established theories from the emotion and organizational field. Five studies (total N = 888) showed that all subtests had high measurement precision (as assessed with Item Response Theory), and correlated in expected ways with other EI tests, cognitive intelligence, personality, and demographic variables. Further, the GECo predicted performance in computerized assessment center tasks in a sample of professionals, and explained academic performance in students incrementally above another ability EI test. Because of its theory-based scoring, good psychometric properties, and focus on the workplace, the GECo represents a promising tool for studying the role of four major EI components in organizational outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Aptitud/fisiología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Emociones/fisiología , Empleo/psicología , Relaciones Interpersonales , Psicometría/instrumentación , Percepción Social , Adulto , Humanos
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165119

RESUMEN

According to attachment theory, attachment representations influence emotion regulation (ER) across the lifespan. However, research into attachment-related ER in adolescence is still scarce. The aim of this study was to assess attachment-related ER using a multimodal approach, relying on behavioral and neurophysiological parameters. Attachment styles in eighty-one adolescents were assessed with the Attachment Style Interview (ASI). A distress-then-comfort paradigm based on visual stimuli (the Besancon Affective Picture Set-Adolescents) was employed to "activate" then "deactivate" the attachment system. Gaze and neurophysiological parameters of ER strategies were assessed using eye-tracking synchronized with a physiological device. During the first phase "distress exposure", attachment style was associated with the early stage of distress processing indexed by first fixation duration. Withdrawn adolescents fixated distress pictures less than other groups. Fearful adolescents showed a longer first fixation duration than withdrawn adolescents. During the following phase, "comfort-seeking", all groups initially fixed joy-complicity and comfort pictures earlier than neutral pictures, except for withdrawn adolescents, who fixated comfort pictures later than neutral pictures. Additionally, withdrawn adolescents explored comfort pictures less than enmeshed adolescents. Enmeshed adolescents explored neutral pictures less than comfort and joy-complicity pictures. Concerning neurophysiological parameters, first fixation duration correlated positively with Skin Conductance Response (SCR) rise time in fearful adolescents, while glance count correlated negatively with SCR latency in withdrawn adolescents. This study provides an innovative and objective evaluation of behavioral and neurophysiological parameters for attachment-related ER in adolescents, with a temporal resolution. These parameters constitute potential biomarkers that could contribute to our understanding of ER differences in insecure adolescents. This study was registered with the clinical trials database ClinicalTrials.gov on August 01, 2016, under the number NCT02851810.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Emocional , Apego a Objetos , Autocontrol/psicología , Estrés Psicológico , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/fisiología , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Emociones/fisiología , Movimientos Oculares/fisiología , Femenino , Respuesta Galvánica de la Piel/fisiología , Humanos , Masculino , Psicología del Adolescente , Estrés Psicológico/fisiopatología , Percepción Visual/fisiología
20.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 99: 87-96, 2019 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30216766

RESUMEN

The dot probe task implicitly cues attention via emotional information, an effect which is especially pronounced for threat-related cues. However, several questions remain unexplored. The first one is whether chemosignals like the androgen-derivative androstadienone can influence such attentional biases. Second, few studies have addressed sex differences regarding attentional biases. Finally, the neural correlates of these potential behavioral effects based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are not known. In two experiments we aimed to answer these questions. A total of 159 healthy individuals (58 oral-contraceptive-users, 42 luteal women, 59 men) were tested. In experiment 1 (behavioral study) we examined attentional biases behaviorally, while in experiment 2 (fMRI study) the dot probe task was complemented by fMRI. Our results provide robust evidence that in healthy participants fearful but not angry or happy faces lead to a strong general attentional bias. Elucidating the neural basis of this effects points to an early processing advantage in bilateral thalamus for valid compared to invalid cued fear. However, this finding was limited to those participants with the strongest attentional biases and was not linked to behavioral measures. Furthermore, no consistent sex or group differences existed neither did the putative human chemosignal androstadienone reliably modulate attentional biases or change neural processing.


Asunto(s)
Androstadienos/farmacología , Sesgo Atencional/efectos de los fármacos , Sesgo Atencional/fisiología , Inteligencia Emocional/efectos de los fármacos , Adulto , Atención , Señales (Psicología) , Inteligencia Emocional/fisiología , Emociones/efectos de los fármacos , Expresión Facial , Reconocimiento Facial/efectos de los fármacos , Reconocimiento Facial/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Odorantes , Percepción Olfatoria/fisiología , Factores Sexuales , Adulto Joven
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