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1.
IEEE Pulse ; 15(1): 20-23, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619926

RESUMEN

Throughout history, the world's biggest technological innovations have emerged from rich countries. Resource availability, economic prosperity that supports specialization in key areas of science and industry, and the concentrated centers of learning that such economies create all support this model. But history sometimes turns back on itself, and this is one of those moments.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Aprendizaje , Humanos , Invenciones
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299119, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598486

RESUMEN

The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) bears the vital task of driving the growth of China's equipment manufacturing industry (EMI) intelligence as an advanced region. Fostering the transformation and upgrading of the EMI in the YRD and constructing a modern production mode is vital to developing and reforming China's manufacturing industry. This paper uses industrial robot data to assess the level of intelligence (LoI) in the EMI from 2016 to 2019. The OLS (ordinary least squares) model is used for the measurements, and the MQ (the modified contribution index) is used to estimate the degree of contribution from a host of variables. It is identified that the LoI is on the rise. However, excluding railways, aerospace, shipbuilding, and other transportation equipment manufacturing, the LoI is significantly higher than in other subsectors. It is also identified that technological innovation ability, human capital density, and enterprise cost pressure govern the industry's LoI. Moreover, while there is a difference in the main influencing factors in LoI within different industries, R&D investment, technological innovation ability, and enterprise cost pressure have the most significant impact across most equipment manufacturing sub-industries.


Asunto(s)
Industria Manufacturera , Ríos , Humanos , Industrias , Invenciones , Comercio , Desarrollo Económico , China
3.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299915, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489345

RESUMEN

The development of new energy vehicles (NEVs) is one of the effective ways to alleviate carbon emissions, environmental pollution, and energy scarcity in the transportation sector. The Chinese government has innovatively proposed the "dual credit policy," but it is still a hot topic whether it can promote the NEVs' technological innovation. In this study, we construct game models and obtain the technological innovation strategies for NEVs under the dual credit policy, considering that the NEV supply chain contains one manufacturer and N suppliers. Further, we construct bargaining game models and study how to encourage manufacturers and suppliers to enhance technological innovation, realize supply chain coordination, and give the alliance strategy to maximize suppliers' profit. We found that the dual credit policy can effectively stimulate technological innovation, and the higher the credit price or technological innovation credit factor, the higher the technical level of NEVs. The findings could guide the government to adjust and revise the policy. Second, we found that the bargaining games could coordinate the NEV supply chain so that decentralized enterprises can achieve optimal technological innovation under centralized decision-making. Third, we found that suppliers can improve their profits by choosing a suitable alliance strategy under the manufacturer's different negotiating power.


Asunto(s)
Invenciones , Negociación , Políticas , Gobierno , Contaminación Ambiental , China
4.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 77Suppl 4(Suppl 4): e20230438, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511827

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: to report an educational technology construction on nursing professionals' rights. METHODS: an experience report on educational technology construction during the crediting of university extension hours in an undergraduate nursing course at a Brazilian public university, between March and June 2023. The Deming cycle was used as a procedural method. RESULTS: four meetings were held between students and extension workers. Eight comic books were produced based on the Code of Ethics for Nurses, addressing professional autonomy, fair remuneration, risk-free work, denial of exposure in the media and others. The Deming cycle proved to be an important strategy for constructing products. CONCLUSIONS: nursing professionals' rights must be discussed and improved. Educational technologies, such as comic books, provide playful and reflective learning.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Invenciones , Escolaridad , Aprendizaje
5.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(16): 23909-23923, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430445

RESUMEN

In the complex international society, the economic development and defense construction of BRICS countries have attracted increasing attention. This article incorporates technological innovation, militarization, and environmental change into a unified analytical framework to assess the potential impact of technological progress and defense military expenditure on the environment in BRICS countries. Based on CSD tests, unit root tests, and cointegration tests, this study constructs a CS-ARDL model to examine the long-term and short-term relationships among various variables from 1990 to 2021. The results show that technological innovation, military expenditure, and economic growth can significantly increase ecological footprint in the long run, while in the short term, technological innovation and economic growth significantly increase ecological footprint, and the impact of military expenditure is not significant. It is suggested that BRICS countries should focus on supporting low-carbon technology policies and research and development investment, while also considering the use of cutting-edge technology to improve military intelligence capabilities in order to reduce the negative impact of technological innovation and military activities on the environment.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Económico , Invenciones , Tecnología , Inversiones en Salud , Carbono , Dióxido de Carbono , Energía Renovable
6.
J Card Fail ; 30(4): 596-609, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431185

RESUMEN

The field of durable mechanical circulatory support (MCS) has undergone an incredible evolution over the past few decades, resulting in significant improvements in longevity and quality of life for patients with advanced heart failure. Despite these successes, substantial opportunities for further improvements remain, including in pump design and ancillary technology, perioperative and postoperative management, and the overall patient experience. Ideally, durable MCS devices would be fully implantable, automatically controlled, and minimize the need for anticoagulation. Reliable and long-term total artificial hearts for biventricular support would be available; and surgical, perioperative, and postoperative management would be informed by the individual patient phenotype along with computational simulations. In this review, we summarize emerging technological innovations in these areas, focusing primarily on innovations in late preclinical or early clinical phases of study. We highlight important considerations that the MCS community of clinicians, engineers, industry partners, and venture capital investors should consider to sustain the evolution of the field.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Corazón Artificial , Corazón Auxiliar , Humanos , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/cirugía , Invenciones , Calidad de Vida
7.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0296980, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547255

RESUMEN

In the era of rapid product iteration, companies need simple and effective methods to guide the entire process of product innovation design and enhance their product innovation capabilities. Most research focused on improving one or several steps in the product design process. Although some scholars have proposed methods that guided the entire process, they combined more than three different theories, which increased the difficulty of theoretical learning and the complexity of practical implementation. This paper proposed a product innovation design process composed of three theoretical methods: Kano, Axiomatic Design (AD), and Theory of the Solution of Inventive Problems (TRIZ). This new process guided the entire product design process with fewer theoretical methods, reducing the difficulty of learning and implementation. The paper demonstrated the effectiveness of this method through the design practice of a portable two-wheeled self-balancing vehicle. Additionally, the discussion section explored the method's potential from the design management perspective.


Asunto(s)
Invenciones , Aprendizaje , Nigeria
8.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 176, 2024 Mar 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539260

RESUMEN

The study aims to investigate the precise processes by which the advancement of physical education and technological progress leads to ecological conservation efforts within China's distinctive socio-cultural and economic framework. Acknowledging the pivotal role that economic advancement plays in a nation's environmental sustainability, this research utilizes cross-sectional quantitative data gathered using a five-point Likert scale survey. The sample size included 503 undergraduate students from Zhengzhou, China, and structural equation modeling was utilized to analyze the data. The study investigates how technology progress influences the relationship between compatibility, environmental sustainability, and the relative benefits of physical education. It fills the gap in the literature by illuminating how technical innovation and advanced physical education development contribute to China's pursuit of a sustainable environment. The findings emphasize the critical significance of higher physical education in fostering environmental sustainability. Furthermore, the research indicates that students participating in more rigorous physical education programs tend to possess a more well-rounded and mature mindset. This mindset is essential for healthy and long-lasting mental development, motivating individuals to critically consider environmental sustainability. The study provides valuable theoretical and practical insights that can be applied to enhance environmental sustainability in the country.


Asunto(s)
Invenciones , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , China
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2794, 2024 02 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307972

RESUMEN

Placing the origin of an undeciphered script in time is crucial to understanding the invention of writing in human history. Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island, developed a script, now engraved on fewer than 30 wooden objects, which is still undeciphered. Its origins are also obscure. Central to this issue is whether the script was invented before European travelers reached the island in the eighteenth century AD. Hence direct radiocarbon dating of the wood plays a fundamental role. Until now, only two tablets were directly dated, placing them in the nineteenth c. AD, which does not solve the question of independent invention. Here we radiocarbon-dated four Rongorongo tablets preserved in Rome, Italy. One specimen yielded a unique and secure mid-fifteenth c. date, while the others fall within the nineteenth c. AD. Our results suggest that the use of the script could be placed to a horizon that predates the arrival of external influence.


Asunto(s)
Invenciones , Madera , Humanos , Polinesia , Escritura , Italia
10.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1325298, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38344238

RESUMEN

Objective: The government has recently implemented reforms aimed at delegating power, streamlining administration, and optimizing government services. This reform has eliminated barriers that impede the growth of various industries, thereby unleashing innovative potential. Additionally, there have been several medical policies, including changes to medical insurance and centralized volume-based procurement. China's pharmaceutical market has undergone significant changes, leading to increased demands for innovation technology efficiency in pharmaceutical manufacturing. Methods: The three-stage BCC theory was employed to assess the effectiveness of technology innovation in the industry under this reform. Calculate precise comprehensive technical efficiency values, pure technical efficiency values, and scale efficiency values for technological innovation in the pharmaceutical industry across 30 provinces from 2018 to 2020, after removing environmental factors. Results: In 2020, Jiangsu and Shandong and nine other provinces reached the comprehensive technical efficiency frontier surface, joining Tianjin, Zhejiang, and Guangdong provinces. However, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Xinjiang still need to catch up due to their smaller industrial scale and lack of technology. Discussion: To ensure the effectiveness of reforms, it is crucial to fully consider provincial differences. Articulating national and provincial policies is necessary to allow efficient provinces to continue and allocate resources toward less efficient provinces to improve overall efficiency.


Asunto(s)
Invenciones , Industria Manufacturera , Preparaciones Farmacéuticas , Industria Farmacéutica , Tecnología , Gobierno , China
11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297858

RESUMEN

The application of microscope is a milestone in the history of otosurgery, which makes otologists deal with middle ear lesions more clearly and finely, and helps otologists expand the scope of treatment to the lateral skull base area, which greatly promotes the development of otosurgery. In the past 20 years, with the continuous improvement of endoscopic equipment research and development and the gradual improvement of endoscopic technology, the application of endoscopic technology in China has shown an explosive development, and Chinese otolaryngologists have experienced from the initial attempts of endoscopic technology, to the widespread popularization of innovative and applicable technology, and then to the feasibility of exploring the future innovative concepts. Endoscopic technology is another revolutionary push for the development of otosurgery after the microscope.


Asunto(s)
Invenciones , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Otológicos , Humanos , Endoscopía , Oído Medio/cirugía , Base del Cráneo/cirugía
12.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 48(1): 85-87, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384223

RESUMEN

This study conducted statistics on the special review applications for Class Ⅱ innovative medical devices in Shanghai from April 2020 to April 2023. It summarized and analyzed common problems in the innovation review application stage, and gave suggestions for applicants and reviewers in order to further improve the quality of innovation application and improve the pass rate of innovation applications.


Asunto(s)
Equipos y Suministros , China , Invenciones
15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(14): 21189-21207, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388978

RESUMEN

Technological innovation is regarded as an important means to improve carbon efficiency. However, there is no consensus on this view. Meanwhile, few studies have considered how technological innovation affects carbon efficiency. To this end, this study investigates the influencing mechanism and effects of technological innovation on carbon emission efficiency from the perspectives of industrial restructuring and R&D element flow. It establishes the influencing and mechanism model and then deeply studies the impact and paths of technological innovation on carbon emission efficiency, using panel data from 30 provinces in 1999-2020. Results show that (1) technological innovation improves carbon emission efficiency. (2) Regional differences in the impact effects of technological innovation are evident, with a greater contribution to carbon emission efficiency in eastern region. (3) Innovation improves carbon efficiency through two paths: advanced industrial structure and industrial structure rationalization. (4) The moderating effect demonstrates that the technological innovation's influence is gradually enhanced with the interregional mobility of R&D personnel and capital. Hence, decision-makers should correctly guide the orderly flow of R&D factors and further improve the carbon emission reduction effect by increasing innovation support and helping optimize the industrial structure.


Asunto(s)
Carbono , Industrias , Carbono/análisis , Tecnología , Invenciones , Eficiencia
16.
Adv Kidney Dis Health ; 31(1): 28-36, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403391

RESUMEN

Technological innovation has accelerated exponentially over the last 2 decades. From the rise of smartphones and social media in the early 2000s to the mainstream accessibility of artificial intelligence (AI) in 2023, digital advancements have transformed the way we live and work. These innovations have permeated health care, covering a spectrum of applications from virtual reality training platforms to AI-powered clinical decision support tools. In this review, we explore fascinating recent innovations that have and can facilitate patient engagement in nephrology. These include integrated care mobile applications, wearable health monitoring tools, virtual/augmented reality consultation and education platforms, AI-powered appointment booking systems, and patient information tools. We also discuss potential pitfalls in implementation and paradigms to adopt that may protect patients from unintended consequences of being cared for in a digitalized health care system.


Asunto(s)
Realidad Aumentada , Nefrología , Humanos , Invenciones , Participación del Paciente , Inteligencia Artificial
17.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297559, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346041

RESUMEN

The financial performance of Chinese public and private sector banks is changing over time. There is no stability in the financial performance of Chinese banks which hurts businesses and the market. The purpose of current research was to determine the influence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on driving the sustainable financial performance of Chinese banks. From methodological perspective, data was collected from 329 banking sector employees from China to partial least square-structural equation model (PLS-SEM) is employed for data analysis. The research used SPSS 24 and Smart PLS 4 as statistical analysis tools. This research confirmed that achieving sustainability in financial performance for Chinese banks can be achieved with CSR influenced by technological innovation, ethical leadership, and government regulations. This research has statistically confirmed that transformational leadership leading to CSR with technological innovation, ethical leadership, and government regulations can make significant improvements in financial performance. The framework developed by current research is a novel contribution to the literature. The findings of this research improve the literature on the banking sector and advanced performance. Furthermore, this research has highlighted significant ways that can help the banking sector employees to improve their financial performance with sustainability.


Asunto(s)
Cuenta Bancaria , Regulación Gubernamental , Industrias , Invenciones , Liderazgo , Responsabilidad Social , China , Industrias/economía , Crecimiento Sostenible , Desarrollo Económico
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(16): 23522-23534, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418791

RESUMEN

With the acceleration of urbanization in recent years, China has witnessed large-scale construction across its provinces, generating massive amounts of construction waste that pose challenges to environmental protection and sustainable development. This study evaluated the impact of construction waste policy intensity on its environmental efficiency. Firstly, the content analysis method was used to analyze the construction waste policy text quantitatively. Second, this study constructed a slack-based measure (SBM) model based on data envelopment analysis (DEA), considering resource input and construction waste output to measure environmental efficiency. Finally, we built and tested an econometric model of how policies affect environmental efficiency using the system generalized method of moments (SYS-GMM). The findings indicate a non-linear U-shaped link between policy intensity and environmental efficiency. Among all five control variables, population density, urbanization level, and technological innovation enhance environmental efficiency, while economic development and highway density will lower it. This study advances the research on construction waste policies and offers some insights for the construction industry to pursue sustainable development.


Asunto(s)
Conservación de los Recursos Naturales , Desarrollo Sostenible , Urbanización , China , Invenciones , Eficiencia , Desarrollo Económico , Política Ambiental
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(13): 19886-19903, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367104

RESUMEN

The EKC hypothesis expresses the inverted U-shaped relationship between per capita income and environmental quality. In the literature, the role of technological innovations and income inequality on pollution is a relatively recent discussion in the studies testing the EKC hypothesis. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of technological innovations, income inequality, exports, urbanization, and growth on CO2 emissions in EU-27. In addition, while investigating this relationship, exports and urbanization are also considered and panel vector autoregression (PVAR) analysis is applied for the 2005-2019 period. According to the coefficient estimation results, while income inequality, exports, and urbanization increase pollution, technological innovations contribute to environmental quality. Also, the results demonstrated that the EKC hypothesis is invalid in these countries and there is a U-shaped relationship between growth and emissions. The causality test results revealed the presence of unidirectional causality running from all explanatory variables to CO2 emissions. Moreover, impulse-response graphs demonstrated that the reply of emissions to the shocks in the explanatory variables is similar to the long-run coefficient results. In conclusion, all available empirical evidence for this relationship highlights that income inequality and technological innovations should be considered in policy-making processes to ensure environmental quality in EU-27 countries.


Asunto(s)
Dióxido de Carbono , Invenciones , Dióxido de Carbono/análisis , Desarrollo Económico , Contaminación Ambiental/análisis , Renta
20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(12): 18683-18700, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347364

RESUMEN

Climate change effect mitigation is a critical priority for top leaders and communities around the globe. Human-induced environmental issues are affecting humankind's standard of living and development potential and the planetary boundaries. Sustainability objectives aim to enhance environmental quality and ensure sustainable development for all by eliminating social inequalities. This study examines the complex relationships between demographic features, foreign direct investment, technological innovation, and ecological footprint, emphasizing the relevance of population aging, population density, and urbanization in this context. The research uses a selection of emerging European economies during 1995-2018. The reasons for countries' selection are related to the increasing rate of population aging in European countries, the attractiveness for foreign direct investment, the economic growth, and the technological advancement potential these emerging countries possess. In order to investigate the long-run relationship between the selected variables, the study tests the cross-section dependence, homogeneity, and cointegration and uses Konya tests to determine panel causality. Based on Konya methodology, differences between countries in the panel are evidenced and discussed accordingly. Our findings confirm the long-run relationship between environment, technological innovation, population aging, and FDI. The results of this research are highly relevant for policymakers in selected countries for identifying the set of correlations and the relevance of various variables in such national economies. Demographic features such as population aging and population density are critical for Europe, and the results show the impact on the ecological footprint.


Asunto(s)
Dióxido de Carbono , Invenciones , Humanos , Desarrollo Económico , Inversiones en Salud , Demografía
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