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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e051, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759973

RESUMEN

This editorial addresses the history of Brazilian Oral Research (BOR), official journal of the Brazilian Division of the International Association of Dental Research (SBPqO). BOR is increasingly consolidating itself as the most important journal in Brazilian dental research. However, much still needs to be done. The hard and continuous work to improve the journal will guarantee its permanent growth and result in new achievements for the benefit of the entire dental scientific community.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Dental , Brasil
2.
Br Dent J ; 230(4): 181, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637891
3.
J Dent ; 107: 103610, 2021 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631303

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The number of studies employing artificial intelligence (AI), specifically machine and deep learning, is growing fast. The majority of studies suffer from limitations in planning, conduct and reporting, resulting in low robustness, reproducibility and applicability. We here present a consented checklist on planning, conducting and reporting of AI studies for authors, reviewers and readers in dental research. METHODS: Lending from existing reviews, standards and other guidance documents, an initial draft of the checklist and an explanatory document were derived and discussed among the members of IADR's e-oral network and the ITU/WHO focus group "Artificial Intelligence for Health (AI4H)". The checklist was consented by 27 group members via an e-Delphi process. RESULTS: Thirty-one items on planning, conducting and reporting of AI studies were agreed on. These involve items on the studies' wider goal, focus, design and specific aims, data sampling and reporting, sample estimation, reference test construction, model parameters, training and evaluation, uncertainty and explainability, performance metrics and data partitions. CONCLUSION: Authors, reviewers and readers should consider this checklist when planning, conducting, reporting and evaluating studies on AI in dentistry. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Current studies on AI in dentistry show considerable weaknesses, hampering their replication and application. This checklist may help to overcome this issue and advance AI research as well as facilitate a debate on standards in this fields.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial , Lista de Verificación , Investigación Dental , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación , Informe de Investigación
4.
J Dent ; 106: 103590, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524432

RESUMEN

The current global COVID-19 pandemic has almost marked its one year of existence and influenced everyone either at an individual or community level. There are plenty of clinical recommendations and guidelines for the practitioners, and beyond doubt, the treating clinicians and other healthcare providers who have been in the frontline of this battle might have been significantly affected as a direct consequence of this pandemic. However, most of the clinical recommendations and guidelines are pivoted on intense research, and thus it is entirely reasonable to foretell that if dental research is impacted, the care-providers and consequently the patients will inevitably be affected. The present paper attempts to narratively summarize the potential disruptions on dental research due to the pandemic and endeavours to forewarn the dental researchers and scientific communities about the impact of COVID-19 on ongoing and ensuing dental research in the coming years. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected laboratory and clinical research globally and will probably change the course of individuals and organizations engaged in dental research for some time. Tailor-made contingency plans by the individuals and organizations and sustaining the momentum of dental research by maintaining the flexibility in administration and utilization of research grants, extensions of grants and funding deadlines, adaption of study designs and procedures, pause or delay enrolment of participants, innovation in research collaborations and scholarly communications across different fields are some of the suggested measures that can be utilized to minimize the disruption during this pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Investigación Dental , Personal de Salud , Humanos
6.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 69-77, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1222814

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analisar os estudos de validação de instrumentos de pesquisa publicados nos anais das reuniões anuais da Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO), no período de 2010 a 2019. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo bibliométrico em que foram incluídos trabalhos sobre a adaptação transcultural ou avaliação das propriedades psicométricas de instrumentos de pesquisa. Três pesquisadores independentes e calibrados realizaram a leitura dos resumos e extraíram informações sobre: ano, localização geográfica, tipo de instituição de ensino dos autores, financiamento, objetivo do trabalho, idioma original do instrumento, constructo e público-alvo. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva.Resultados:Foram incluídos 26 resumos, sendo a maioria publicada em 2018 (23%) e 2019 (30,5%) e por pesquisadores de instituições públicas de ensino (88,4%) localizadas nos estados de São Paulo (35%) e Minas Gerais (27%). Metade dos estudos realizou, concomitantemente, adaptação transcultural e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas. Os constructos mais frequentemente abordados foram alfabetismo em saúde bucal (ASB) (23%) e qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (QVRSB) (15,4%). O público-alvo mais prevalente envolveu os adultos (38,4%) e profissionais de saúde (19,3%). Conclusão:O número de estudos de validação de instrumentos de pesquisa foi baixo, concentrado, principalmente, nos anos de 2018 e 2019, e conduzidos em maioria por pesquisadores de universidades públicas dos estados de São Paulo e Minas Gerais. A maior parte dos estudos realizou, concomitantemente, adaptação transcultural e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas de instrumentos sobre ASB e QVRSB.


Aim: To analyze studies reporting the validation of research instruments published in the annals of the annual meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dental Research (SBPqO), between 2010 and 2019. Methods: A bibliometric study, including abstracts reporting the cross-cultural adaptation or evaluation of the psychometric properties of research instruments, was conducted. Studies reporting the development of research instruments were excluded. Three independent and calibrated researchers read the abstracts and extracted information regarding: year, geographic location, and type of educational institution of authors, funding, study objective, original language of the instrument, construct, and target audience. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results: Twenty-six studies were included; most were published in 2018 (23%) and 2019 (30.5%), by researchers from public institutions (88.4%) and from the states of São Paulo (35%) and Minas Gerais (27%). Half of the studies performed the cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of psychometric properties jointly. The most frequent constructs were oral health literacy (OHL) (23%) and oral health-related quality of live (OHRQoL) (15.4%). Most instruments were directed toward adults (38.4%) and health professionals (19.3%). Conclusion: The number of studies reporting the validation of research instruments was low, concentrated in the years 2018 and 2019, and mainly conducted by researchers from public universities in São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Most studies performed the cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of psychometric properties of instruments concerning OHL and OHRQoL.


Asunto(s)
Bibliometría , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Investigación Dental , Estudio de Validación , Odontología
7.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 78-86, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1222871

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Investigar a produção científica sobre fendas orofaciais em um congresso brasileiro, entre os anos de 2009 a 2019. Métodos:Realizou-se um estudo bibliométrico, observacional, pela análise de resumos publicados em anais das Reuniões Anuais da Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO), que envolviam o tema de fissuras orofaciais.Os dados referentes aos resumos (ano de publicação, local do estudo ­ unidade federativa, tipo de fissura, grande área de conhecimento, desenho, tipo de instituição,recebimento de fomento) foram coletados e analisados através de uma estatística descritiva e analítica. Foi aplicado o teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney (p < 0,05). Resultados: Dentre 28.578 resumos, 194 (0,67%) eram sobre fissuras orofaciais. A maioria deles envolvia mais de um tipo de fissura (n = 180; 93,3%) e foram realizados,principalmente, em instituições públicas (n = 128; 66%) das regiões Sudeste (n = 121;62,3%), e Sul (n = 23; 11,8%), sem recebimento de fomento (60,8%). A área de conhecimento mais comum foi Epidemiologia/Saúde Coletiva (n = 60; 30,9%), com predominância dos desenhos de estudos transversais (n = 85; 43,8%). Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre recebimento de financiamento e maior tamanho amostral. Conclusão: Poucos estudos investigaram as fissuras orofaciais na SBPqO.Uma investigação mais aprofundada nesse campo de pesquisa permite identificar problemáticas que possibilitam a organização, planejamento e monitoramento da atenção especializada para os portadores dessas anomalias, assim como criar condições para uma descentralização do cuidado pela ampliação da rede de serviços para outras localidades no Brasil.


Aim: To investigate the scientific production concerning orofacial clefts presented at a Brazilian congress, between 2009 and 2019. Methods: A bibliometric and observational study was conducted, though the analysis of abstracts published in the annals of the Annual Meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dental Research (SBPqO), concerning orofacial clefts. Data referring to the abstracts (year of publication, place of study - federative unit, type of fissure, broad area of knowledge, design, type of institution, receipt of funding) were collected and organized through descriptive and analytical statistics. The Mann-Whitney non-parametric test was applied (p < 0.05). Results: Among 28,578 abstracts, 194 (0.67%) concerned orofacial clefts. Most of them dealt with more than one type of cleft (n = 180; 93.3%) and were mainly conducted in public institutions (n = 128; 66%), in the Southeast (n = 121; 62.3%) and South (n = 23; 11.8%) regions, and without funding (60.8%). The most common field of knowledge was Epidemiology/Public Health (n = 60; 30.9%), with a predominance of cross-sectional studies (n = 185; 43.8%). There was a statistically significant association between funding and higher sample size. Conclusion:Few studies have investigated orofacial clefts in SBPqO. An in-depth investigation in this field of research allows for the identification of problems that make it possible to organize, plan, and monitor specialized care for people with these anomalies, as well as create conditions for the decentralization of care by expanding the service network to other locations in Brazil.


Asunto(s)
Anomalías Congénitas , Bibliometría , Labio Leporino , Fisura del Paladar , Investigación Dental , Atención a la Salud , Estudio Observacional
9.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 31 Suppl 1: 4-13, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314319

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Even though considered as studies with high methodological power, many RCTs in paediatric dentistry do not have essential quality items in their design, development, and report, making results' reliability questionable, replication challenging to conduct, wasting time, money, and efforts, and even exposing the participants to research for no benefit. AIM: We addressed the main topics related to transparency in clinical research, with an emphasis in paediatric dentistry. DESIGN: We searched for all controlled clinical trials published from January 2019 up to July 2020 in the three paediatric dentistry journals with high journal Impact Factor, indexed on Medline. These papers were assessed for transparency according to Open Science practices and regarding reporting accuracy using some items required by CONSORT. RESULTS: 53.6% of the studies declared registration, 75% had sample size calculation, 98.2% reported randomisation, and from those, 65.4% explained the randomisation method. Besides that, no study shared their data, and 6.8% were published in open access format. CONCLUSIONS: Unfortunately, a large proportion of RCTs in paediatric dental research show a lack of transparency and reproducibility.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Dental , Informe de Investigación , Niño , Humanos , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Publicaciones , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación
11.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(3): 337, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769262
14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575560

RESUMEN

The increasing use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques in dental medicine has boosted the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems for various clinical problems. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and intraoral/facial scans are potential sources of image data to develop 3D image-based AI systems for automated diagnosis, treatment planning, and prediction of treatment outcome. This review focuses on current developments and performance of AI for 3D imaging in dentomaxillofacial radiology (DMFR) as well as intraoral and facial scanning. In DMFR, machine learning-based algorithms proposed in the literature focus on three main applications, including automated diagnosis of dental and maxillofacial diseases, localization of anatomical landmarks for orthodontic and orthognathic treatment planning, and general improvement of image quality. Automatic recognition of teeth and diagnosis of facial deformations using AI systems based on intraoral and facial scanning will very likely be a field of increased interest in the future. The review is aimed at providing dental practitioners and interested colleagues in healthcare with a comprehensive understanding of the current trend of AI developments in the field of 3D imaging in dental medicine.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial , Investigación Dental , Imagenología Tridimensional , Odontólogos , Humanos , Rol Profesional
15.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 20(1): 101403, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381410

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Dental research typically targets multiple outcomes. Interdental cleaning devices such as interdental brushes (IB) and water jet devices (WJ) share a sizable portion of the medical device market. However, recommendations for device selection are limited by the conflicting evidence from multiple outcomes in available studies and the lack of an appropriate synthesis approach to summarize evidences taken from multiple outcomes. In particular, both pairwise meta-analyses and single-outcome network meta-analyses can give discordant results. The purpose of this multioutcome, Bayesian network meta-analysis is to introduce this innovative method to the dental research community using data from interdental cleaning device studies for illustrative purposes. METHODS: We reanalyzed a network meta-analysis of interproximal oral hygiene methods in the reduction of clinical indices of inflammation, which included 22 trials assessing 10 interproximal oral hygiene aids. We focused on the primary outcome of gingival inflammation, which was measured by 2 correlated outcome variables, the Gingival Index (GI) and bleeding on probing (BOP). RESULTS: In our previous single-outcome analysis, we concluded that IB and WJ rank high for reducing gingival inflammation while toothpick and flossing rank last. In this multioutcome Bayesian network meta-analysis with equal weight on GI and BOP, the surface under the cumulative ranking curve was 0.87 for WJ and 0.85 for IB. WJ and IB remained ranked as the 2 best devices across different sets of weightings for the GI and BOP. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, multioutcome Bayesian network meta-analysis naturally takes the correlations among multiple outcomes into account, which in turn can provide more comprehensive evidence.


Asunto(s)
Dispositivos para el Autocuidado Bucal , Placa Dental , Teorema de Bayes , Investigación Dental , Humanos , Metaanálisis en Red , Cepillado Dental
16.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(1): 3, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246673
17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197311

RESUMEN

The digital transformation in dental medicine, based on electronic health data information, is recognized as one of the major game-changers of the 21st century to tackle present and upcoming challenges in dental and oral healthcare. This opinion letter focuses on the estimated top five trends and innovations of this new digital era, with potential to decisively influence the direction of dental research: (1) rapid prototyping (RP), (2) augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR), (3) artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), (4) personalized (dental) medicine, and (5) tele-healthcare. Digital dentistry requires managing expectations pragmatically and ensuring transparency for all stakeholders: patients, healthcare providers, university and research institutions, the medtech industry, insurance, public media, and state policy. It should not be claimed or implied that digital smart data technologies will replace humans providing dental expertise and the capacity for patient empathy. The dental team that controls digital applications remains the key and will continue to play the central role in treating patients. In this context, the latest trend word is created: augmented intelligence, e.g., the meaningful combination of digital applications paired with human qualities and abilities in order to achieve improved dental and oral healthcare, ensuring quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial , Investigación Dental , Realidad Virtual , Investigación Dental/tendencias , Predicción , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
18.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 3-9, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159702

RESUMEN

The Brazilian Dental Journal (BDJ) was officially launched in 1990, stimulated by the courage and boldness of researchers dedicated to teaching and research in dentistry. The journal was conceived in a worldwide coverage and universal language to allow publication of the results of Brazilian studies, which otherwise would not be accessible to the scientific dental community. In the year we celebrate the thirtieth anniversary of BDJ, this article presents a brief overview of Brazilian dental research and a bibliometric analysis of the articles published in this journal as a contribution to our readers and fellow researchers. The purpose was to identify the mot frequent categories of study, the most published areas of dentistry and BDJ's top 50 most-cited articles in the Scopus and Google Scholar databases. A search was performed on all BDJ online issues published from 1990 to 2019. In this period, BDJ published 1,710 articles. Based on their distribution by category of study, 557 articles were in the basic research/dental materials area, 527 in the basic research/biology area and 280 in the clinical research area. Eight articles were cited more than 100 times in the Scopus database and 266 times in the Google Scholar database. Endodontics was the most published area. This overview of BDJ production over those 30 years allows establishing a profile of the characteristics, impact and trends of the published studies, as well as the journal's contribution to the top 50 most-cited articles in the Scopus and Google Scholar databases.


Asunto(s)
Endodoncia , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Bibliometría , Brasil , Investigación Dental , Odontología
19.
J Dent Res ; 99(4): 360-361, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195638
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