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2.
Nurse Res ; 27(3): 27-32, 2019 Sep 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524339

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Memory, as a concept, is rarely discussed or described in qualitative research. However, memories are central to the stories people tell about their experiences of health and illness, which are often the focus of nursing enquiry. Memories also have the potential to be sensitive or traumatic. AIM: To consider the implications of memory for qualitative research by exploring the following issues: What is memory? What are the implications for using it in research? How can research participants and researchers best be supported in qualitative research when sensitive or traumatic memories are involved? DISCUSSION: Memory is imperfect, complex and dependent on context. Memories are connected to meaning and are central to identity. Qualitative research should appreciate the complexities of memory. Nurses undertaking qualitative research should be mindful of the potentially sensitive or traumatic nature of memories. Both participants and researchers can be affected and care should be taken during the research. CONCLUSION: Memory should not be taken for granted. The meanings underpinning memories are central to qualitative enquiry and are to be valued. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The strategies described in this paper can support researchers and participants when dealing with traumatic or sensitive memories.


Asunto(s)
Memoria , Narración , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa
4.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 8-11, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468829

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Storytelling is a contemporary research method increasingly used in qualitative interpretive research. Despite its popularity, there is a paucity of information providing detailed processes for conducting storytelling research that also incorporates a feminist perspective. AIM: To provide a four-stage framework for conducting feminist storytelling research. DISCUSSION: Systematic approaches or frameworks can help researchers conducting feminist storytelling studies. The authors discuss a framework for the sequential process of conducting storytelling research that embraces the tenets of feminist standpoint theory. This four-staged framework consists of the steps taken to prepare for the collection and analysis of data, as well as to disseminate the research's findings, from etic (procedural) and emic (feminist) perspectives. The authors demonstrate the use of the framework by applying it to a study of mothering. CONCLUSION: Use of a purposeful approach to feminist storytelling research may increase its auditability and verification. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The authors anticipate that the framework can be adapted into an effective tool to support researchers interested in conducting feminist storytelling research.


Asunto(s)
Recolección de Datos/métodos , Feminismo , Narración , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Proyectos de Investigación
5.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 12-16, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468830

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Selecting and applying an appropriate theoretical model is essential in research development. AIM: To describe the use of the simplified teaching-meaningful learning (STML) model to guide a qualitative case study that explored the meaningful learning of students with diverse backgrounds at a training workshop for new software. DISCUSSION: The authors discuss how STML helped determine the qualitative case study's research question, gave direction to the choice of methods for collecting and analysing data, and built the context to interpret and discuss the findings. CONCLUSION: Using an appropriate theoretical model assists in the design and conduct of a qualitative case study that develops scientific evidence to understand students' meaningful learning of new technologies. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The four steps of the model might be useful for researchers in designing and conducting other qualitative research in different subject areas in nursing and other disciplines.


Asunto(s)
Recolección de Datos/métodos , Bachillerato en Enfermería/métodos , Aprendizaje , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Estudiantes de Enfermería/estadística & datos numéricos , Enseñanza , Adulto , Análisis de Datos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Investigación Cualitativa , Proyectos de Investigación , Adulto Joven
6.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 17-21, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468831

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: For novice Q methodology researchers, the development of the concourse is challenging. This challenge is exacerbated by the paucity of literature focusing on the development of the concourse. AIM: To highlight the lack of strategy related to concourse development in Q methodology literature and to undertake a selected literature review to suggest frameworks for concourse development to guide researchers. DISCUSSION: A limited search conducted using CINAHL PLUS appraised the variety of concourse strategies used in Q studies. Of 44 papers located, 23 used no strategy while the others used one of four types of strategy: thematic, profession-specific, broader healthcare and social care frameworks or a framework that the researchers devised specifically for their research. CONCLUSION: The Q methodology literature frequently lacks discussion about the development of the concourse. Therefore, studies that focus on concourse development should be a focus of future research, along with the further development of the ideas put forward in this paper for possible frameworks. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This paper will raise awareness inside and outside the Q methodology community that novice researchers want to use Q methodology but may require more detail about how to construct robust concourses.


Asunto(s)
Recolección de Datos/métodos , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Proyectos de Investigación
7.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 22-26, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468832

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Developing a conceptual framework to underpin the design of qualitative research is often regarded as integral in enhancing its trustworthiness. However, this can often present a challenge to the novice researcher. AIM: To discuss the approach taken to develop the conceptual framework underpinning a constructivist grounded theory doctoral research study. DISCUSSION: Drawing on a clear and accessible approach can help researchers to develop a conceptual framework to underpin qualitative research. A recognised example of such an approach requires the researcher to address three main elements: personal interest, topical research and the theoretical framework. Constructing a conceptual framework to underpin qualitative research can afford it structure and lay the foundations to support trustworthiness. Conceptual frameworks are often developed through a dynamic and iterative process that evolves throughout the research process. CONCLUSION: Using an accessible and unambiguous approach to support the development of a conceptual framework can benefit novice researchers and minimise the challenges they may encounter. One such approach guides researchers to clarify a personal interest in the topic, undertake a topical review of the literature informing the area of investigation and articulate the theoretical perspectives that influence their worldview. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The discussion presented in this paper offers a valuable contribution to help novice researchers to construct conceptual frameworks.


Asunto(s)
Empatía , Atención de Enfermería/psicología , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Personal de Enfermería/psicología , Teoría Fundamentada , Humanos , Teoría de Enfermería , Investigación Cualitativa , Proyectos de Investigación
8.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 27-32, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468833

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Collaborative partnerships are increasingly recognised as valuable and essential tools for improving community health. AIM: To present the process used to establish a collaboration between a university and a community, including a description of the conceptual model that provided guidance for one such project. DISCUSSION: While numerous studies explore the potential benefits of such efforts, few have addressed how to initiate partnerships. The initiation phase and formative work required are arguably the most crucial step, as they become the foundation on which all future efforts are built and through which sustainability is achieved. CONCLUSION: These formative steps are essential when working with Native American communities, which experience severe health disparities, but for which limited initiatives are available for community health interventions. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The approach used in this project can guide the establishment of a university-community collaboration, from initiation to evaluation.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Participativa Basada en la Comunidad/organización & administración , Servicios de Salud del Indígena/organización & administración , Indios Norteamericanos , Colaboración Intersectorial , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Investigación en Enfermería/organización & administración , Universidades , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
9.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 33-40, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468834

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Philosophical principles should guide how research is designed, conducted and appraised. The more traditional and commonly used approaches to positivist (validity and generalisability) or interpretivist (trustworthiness) research do not necessarily complement the philosophical principles of post-positivist critical realism. AIMS: To discuss an approach to ensuring scientific rigour in post-positivist critical realist research using an enhanced version of the quality assurance model, TAPUPAS, that has an additional criterion: modified objectivity. DISCUSSION: The authors present examples of the quality framework TAPUPASM in the planning, design, conduct and dissemination of a realist research study. These strategies include choices about the collection and analysis of data, as well as how to disseminate findings using methods other than traditional academic approaches. They also provide a practical example of how they used TAPUPASM to ensure rigour in a critical realist ethnographic study in pre-registration nurse education. CONCLUSION: TAPUPASM provides a framework for quality in post-positivist critical realist research. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Nurse researchers can use the strategies provided to plan, design, conduct and disseminate critical realist research.


Asunto(s)
Recolección de Datos/métodos , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Filosofía en Enfermería , Investigadores/psicología , Antropología Cultural , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Proyectos de Investigación
10.
Nurse Res ; 27(1): 41-44, 2019 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468835

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Case studies are widely used in the social sciences to explore complex phenomena in natural settings. Applying boundaries is vital to ensure cases are easily identifiable and similar enough to be treated as instances of the same phenomenon. AIM: To discuss using local communities to establish geographical boundaries in case studies. DISCUSSION: Postal codes can be used to define geographical boundaries. A broad range of statistical data can be collected from these areas, including demographic information, which can assist in identifying communities that have issues or characteristics that may benefit from further research. Collecting data from communities enables researchers to access appropriate populations. CONCLUSION: Using local communities to identify case boundaries helps to provide a clear periphery to the case and generate local solutions to local problems. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This approach enables researchers to immerse themselves in the local community, ensuring it engages with research projects and findings.


Asunto(s)
Recolección de Datos/métodos , Geografía , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Humanos , Estudios de Casos Organizacionales , Servicios Postales , Investigación Cualitativa , Proyectos de Investigación
11.
Nurse Res ; 27(2): 8-13, 2019 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468883

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Traditional approaches to research can sometimes face difficulties in engaging participants, being flexible and ultimately eliciting data about people's experiences. Visual methods are alternative approaches that use image - often photographs - as stimuli or structure in interviews. However, little has been published in the literature to guide nurse researchers in applying and evaluating these methods. AIM: To increase nurse researchers' awareness of visual methods and their potential. DISCUSSION: The paper explores visual methods, with a focus on those that use photographs. It discusses the benefits of using photographs in research, such as reducing the gap between the researcher and participant and helping participants to express meaningful data. It also examines associated ethical, analytical and practical difficulties. The paper illustrates discussion points with reflections from research and compares interviews that do and do not use photographs. CONCLUSION: Using photographs is a good alternative to more traditional approaches but the exact benefits are difficult to evidence because of the complexities of the interactions involved. IMPLICATIONS: for practice This paper should increase nurse researchers' awareness of visual methods, help them to make informed choices about research methods and encourage the use of visual methods in health research.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Participativa Basada en la Comunidad , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Fotograbar , Humanos
12.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(23-24): 4155-4165, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241806

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: If studies are to be valid, recruitment of representative samples is essential. In 2012, 28% of UK emergency departments met the 80% standard for recruitment to trials set by the National Institute for Health Research. Research nurses play a vital role in the conduct of high-quality research, and it has been argued that dedicated research nurses are needed if clinical trials are to recruit successfully to target. REVIEW QUESTION: What are research nurses' experiences of obtaining consent from or for patients participating in emergency care research? A qualitative evidence review. METHODS: A qualitative integrative literature review with a narrative synthesis of the evidence. PRISMA guidelines for reporting systematic qualitative reviews (Appendix S1) were followed. A search of five electronic databases was performed in December 2018 along with a hand search which yielded 125 citations: 10 papers and one PhD thesis met the review eligibility criteria. Methodological quality of the selected studies was evaluated, and data were extracted and synthesised. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: Access, Organisation and Timing. Research nurses encountered both general and specific barriers when seeking to obtain consent for participation in research. In particular, it was found there was lack of experience among staff of working in emergency research and with securing deferred consent. The distinction between nurse researchers with a clinical role and those dedicated to solely to research only is often not clear and warrants further investigation. CONCLUSION: Nurse researchers with and without a clinical role can make a positive difference in recruitment to trials in emergency care. The involvement of dedicated research nurses in the consent process can increase recruitment to emergency care research. Experience of recruiting to clinical trials in nonemergency settings does not seem to help when recruiting for trials in emergency care. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: There is a need for greater understanding of the experiences of dedicated research nurses in emergency care settings and in particular with regard to deferred consent.


Asunto(s)
Medicina de Emergencia , Consentimiento Informado , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Selección de Paciente , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Servicios Médicos de Urgencia , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 1): 204-212, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942364

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To understand the meanings that nurse researchers and nursing assistants attribute to one another, and to the development of research produced by Nursing. METHOD: Qualitative research. The Grounded Theory and the Complexity Theory were used as theoretical and methodological frameworks, respectively. Ten nursing assistants and six research nurses participated in the research. The semi-structured interview was used as a data collection technique. The results were categorized by comparative analysis and validated by ten judges. RESULTS: The valuation of nursing care research as well as interactions between research development and nursing care may be related to the way nursing assistants and nurse researchers perceive themselves. These perceptions are multifaceted. CONCLUSION: The meanings nurse researchers and nursing assistants attribute to each other reveal mechanisms of closeness and distance between these actors, as well as between research and nursing care.


Asunto(s)
Asistentes de Enfermería/psicología , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Brasil , Teoría Fundamentada , Humanos , Asistentes de Enfermería/tendencias , Investigación Cualitativa
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(suppl 1): 221-227, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942366

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To develop a journal club on management topics in Nursing. METHOD: Action research, adopting content analysis as methodological reference and the journal club strategy. 12 nursing managers of a public hospital in the state of São Paulo participated from August to November 2016. RESULTS: data showed the participation of nurses in the journal club in five meetings planned collectively with the following topics: "aspects regarding organization", with the subtopics "planning", "work process", "structure" and "people management"; and the topic "aspects regarding the team", with the subtopics "autonomy", "behavior/attitude", "awareness" and "social problems". CONCLUSION: The study showed the comprehensiveness of topics the journal club can address regarding management, and how scientific basis is important in the daily life of nursing managers to improve quality of care and the ability to manage.


Asunto(s)
Periodismo/tendencias , Atención de Enfermería/tendencias , Proceso de Enfermería/tendencias , Participación Social/psicología , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Brasil , Investigación sobre Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Investigación en Enfermería/normas , Investigación en Enfermería/tendencias , Investigación Cualitativa
17.
CCH, Correo cient. Holguín ; 23(1): 86-103, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS, Repositorio RHS | ID: biblio-1001623

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: la estrategia formativa curricular del plan de estudio D incluye la formación básica como concepto amplio al incorporar, con igual prioridad, los aspectos básico-específicos de la carrera de Enfermería. Objetivo: elaborar una metodología para el tratamiento de la estrategia curricular Desarrollo de la Personalidad Profesional: Ética en el profesional de Enfermería en todas sus disciplinas. Método: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo, en la Filial de Ciencias Médicas Arides Estévez Sánchez, de Holguín, en el período septiembre del 2017 a febrero del 2018. Se tomaron como universo 11 disciplinas, 35 profesores y 152 estudiantes de 1ro. a 4to. años. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos y empíricos. Se aplicaron cuestionarios a profesores y estudiantes. Resultados: se encontró que el 85,76% de los profesores incorporan los problemas de la Ética Médica en la clase (77,14%) y analizaron en los colectivos de asignaturas la estrategia de desarrollo de la Personalidad Profesional y la Ética en el profesional de Enfermería. En cuanto a la aplicación de la ética en las disciplinas del currículo, se observa que el 77,14% lo utiliza; la disciplina de Educación Física incide con el 50%; y el 95,34% de los estudiantes reconoce que se aborda la Ética Médica desde las asignaturas. Se diseñó una metodología de 4 etapas, con acciones y orientaciones para su ejecución y vías de evaluación. Conclusiones: se identificaron insuficiencias en la aplicación de la estrategia principal: el desarrollo de la Personalidad Profesional y la ética en el profesional de Enfermería en el proceso de formación. Se elaboró una metodología para facilitar el tratamiento de las disciplinas, a través de la implementación de la estrategia principal en la actuación del enfermero.


ABSTRACT Introduction: curricular strategy for Infirmary teaching plan D with basic formation as a wide concept, includes in the same way, specific aspects of Infirmary career. Objective: a methodology to develop a strategy of Curricular Professional Personality and Ethics in Infirmary's professionals, including all its diciplines. Method: a universe of 11 disciplines, 35 professors and 152 students from 1rst to 4th years. We used theoretic and empiricists methods. Questionnaires applied to professors and students. Results: the 85.76% of professors incorporated problems of the medical ethics; 77.14% examined the strategy of development of the Professional Personality and Ethics in Infirmary's students. The 77.14% applied for ethics in the Curricula disciplines, where Physical Education affected up to 50%. A 95.34% of students recognized Medical Ethics from the subjects of study discussed. A Four- stages methodology was elaborated for his execution and evaluation. Conclusions: insufficiencies in the application of the principal strategy: the development of Professional Personality and Medical Ethics in Infirmary career were identified, during formation and boarding. Methodology and a principal strategy in the male nurse's acting were elaborated to handle treatment.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Ética en Enfermería , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Cuba , Metodología
18.
Int J Nurs Stud ; 93: 155-162, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30795899

RESUMEN

Nursing studies have for decades drawn on the philosophical tradition of phenomenology when developing their own methodology and theoretical foundation. This use and application of phenomenology has, however, not been met with universal approval. One prominent and persistent opponent has been John Paley, who has sent a clear message to the nursing community: If you are looking for philosophical inspiration or methodological guidance, do not look to phenomenology. As we argue in the article, in formulating his criticism, Paley completely overlooks a rich tradition of applied phenomenology that dates back to the beginning of the 20th century and which has undergone a momentous revival during the last 20-25 years. That Paley seems oblivious to this tradition is one thing. What is more astonishing is that this also holds true for the vast majority of those scholars working within nursing science who happens to be interested in phenomenology. The aim of this article is, first, to present and consider Paley's criticism in some detail and, then, to discuss some of the significant applications of phenomenology that have often been overlooked by qualitative researchers. As has been amply demonstrated over the years, phenomenology can not only make a difference in the handling, analysis, and interpretation of the available data, but also, in how the data are obtained in the first place, for instance, through special interview techniques. We will consider some central figures in classical phenomenological psychology and phenomenological psychiatry, and present some of the more recent developments in cognitive science. We will then discuss three concrete cases that demonstrate how phenomenology has been applied in clinical work with patients with schizophrenia, cerebral palsy, and hemispatial neglect. Our main message to qualitative researchers interested in phenomenology is the following. You should also start to consider and draw inspiration from the way in which phenomenology has been applied outside of the domain of qualitative research. There are quite successful applications of phenomenology to be found elsewhere, applications that can offer substantial theoretical and methodological support to qualitative researchers. Relevant resources include classical phenomenological psychology, classical and contemporary phenomenological psychiatry, and contemporary discussions of naturalized phenomenology.


Asunto(s)
Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Investigación Cualitativa
19.
Medisan ; 23(1)ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | CUMED | ID: cum-74722

RESUMEN

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 139 estudiantes de segundo año de la carrera Licenciatura en Enfermería, pertenecientes a la Facultad de Enfermería-Tecnología de la Salud de Santiago de Cuba, desde septiembre de 2017 hasta enero de 2018, a fin de evaluar la utilidad de un material didáctico sobre Investigación Cualitativa como herramienta de apoyo a la asignatura Elementos de Investigación Cualitativa en Salud. Se obtuvo un elevado nivel de aceptación en los estudiantes, quienes confirmaron la claridad con que se exponen los contenidos, el nivel de profundidad y la importancia de contar con un texto que ejemplifique y vincule el contenido de metodología de la investigación con situaciones de su práctica diaria. Este material favoreció la calidad del proceso de enseñanza - aprendizaje, dada en la promoción alcanzada, que resultó cualitativamente superior a la de cursos anteriores(AU)


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 139 students of 2nd year of Licentiate in Nursing, belonging to the Health Nursing-Technology Faculty in Santiago de Cuba was carried out from September, 2017 to January, 2018, in order to evaluate the usefulness of a didactic material on Qualitative Investigation as a support tool to the subject Elements of Qualitative Investigation in Health. A high level of acceptance was obtained in the students who confirmed the clarity with which the contents and their quality are exposed and the importance of having a text that exemplifies and links the content of the investigation methodology with situations of the daily practice. This material favored the quality of the teaching - learning process, given the high marks, which were qualitatively higher to those of previous courses(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Materiales de Enseñanza , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Investigación Científica y Desarrollo Tecnológico , Actividades Científicas y Tecnológicas , Investigación , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Transversales
20.
Medisan ; 23(1)ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-990174

RESUMEN

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 139 estudiantes de segundo año de la carrera Licenciatura en Enfermería, pertenecientes a la Facultad de Enfermería-Tecnología de la Salud de Santiago de Cuba, desde septiembre de 2017 hasta enero de 2018, a fin de evaluar la utilidad de un material didáctico sobre Investigación Cualitativa como herramienta de apoyo a la asignatura Elementos de Investigación Cualitativa en Salud. Se obtuvo un elevado nivel de aceptación en los estudiantes, quienes confirmaron la claridad con que se exponen los contenidos, el nivel de profundidad y la importancia de contar con un texto que ejemplifique y vincule el contenido de metodología de la investigación con situaciones de su práctica diaria. Este material favoreció la calidad del proceso de enseñanza - aprendizaje, dada en la promoción alcanzada, que resultó cualitativamente superior a la de cursos anteriores.


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 139 students of 2nd year of Licentiate in Nursing, belonging to the Health Nursing-Technology Faculty in Santiago de Cuba was carried out from September, 2017 to January, 2018, in order to evaluate the usefulness of a didactic material on Qualitative Investigation as a support tool to the subject Elements of Qualitative Investigation in Health. A high level of acceptance was obtained in the students who confirmed the clarity with which the contents and their quality are exposed and the importance of having a text that exemplifies and links the content of the investigation methodology with situations of the daily practice. This material favored the quality of the teaching - learning process, given the high marks, which were qualitatively higher to those of previous courses.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Materiales de Enseñanza , Investigación en Enfermería/métodos , Investigación Científica y Desarrollo Tecnológico , Actividades Científicas y Tecnológicas , Investigación , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Transversales
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