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1.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 26(S1): 4-5, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035003

RESUMEN

No Abstract Available.


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Lenguaje , Humanos
3.
Psychiatr Prax ; 47(1): 22-28, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910457

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade, methamphetamine use has spread rapidly in Europe, leading to a significant medical shortfall in many regions. To date, there are no standardized German-language therapy programs for qualified detoxification and motivation treatment. We have developed a therapy manual ("CrystalClean") over 15 therapy modules, which was evaluated in the present pilot study with regard to feasibility and acceptability. METHODS: Observational study with systematic interviews over 3 months on 31 patients with methamphetamine dependence. RESULTS: Acceptability of most modules was rated as high by both patients and therapists. In addition, the manual was considered to be well feasible in inpatient daily routine. However, contact terminations frequently occurred when switching to outpatient treatment. CONCLUSION: Results from our study point to a high acceptance of the manual for the accompaniment of qualified detoxification and motivation treatment in patients with methamphetamine dependence. Feasibility in the clinical setting can be improved by reducing the number of modules to the 12 best evaluated and by increasing the frequency of therapies.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Metanfetamina , Trastornos Relacionados con Opioides/rehabilitación , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/rehabilitación , Europa (Continente) , Estudios de Factibilidad , Alemania , Humanos , Motivación , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Proyectos Piloto , Traducción
4.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 576-584, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985665

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate that social media are used by plastic surgeons to educate and engage. The hashtag #PlasticSurgery has been studied previously and is embraced by American plastic surgeons and journals; however, no studies have examined its use or adoption across Europe. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 800 tweets containing the words "plastic surgery" or the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in four of the most spoken European languages worldwide excluding English (Spanish, #CirugiaPlastica; French, #ChirurgiePlastique; Portuguese, #CirurgiaPlastica; and German, #PlastischeChirurgie) was performed. The following were assessed: identity of author, subject matter, use of the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in each language, whether posts by surgeons and academic institutions were self-promotional or educational, and whether a link to a journal article or a reference in PubMed was provided. RESULTS: Seventeen percent and 3 percent of analyzed tweets came from plastic surgeons or academic institutions, respectively; only 17.5 percent of them were for educational purpose. None of them had any digital link to a peer-reviewed article or a scientific journal. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the low participation of plastic surgeons and academic institutions in social media (especially for education) in four of the major world languages. Social media should be considered in Europe as an opportunity to increase leadership, improve education, and spread knowledge of plastic surgery by board-certified plastic surgeons.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica/estadística & datos numéricos , Liderazgo , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Lenguaje , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/estadística & datos numéricos , Terminología como Asunto
5.
J Sports Sci ; 38(2): 130-139, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696778

RESUMEN

The Acute Recovery and Stress Scale (ARSS) and the Short Recovery and Stress Scale (SRSS) are well-established monitoring tools in German-speaking countries. This study aimed at validating them for English-speaking populations. Overall, 996 athletes (536 males, 24.9 ± 9.1 years) of Australia/New Zealand (n = 380), the United Kingdom (n = 316), and North America (n = 300) participated. The 32-item ARSS consists of eight scales. These scales constitute the eight items of the SRSS with the corresponding ARSS items as descriptors. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), internal consistency (α), and discriminatory power of the items (rit) were calculated for the total and subsamples separately. Satisfactory discriminatory power (rit > .30) for all ARSS and SRSS items and acceptable internal consistency (α > .70) was achieved. CFA indicated good fit indices for the total sample and subsamples, and strong measurement invariance was found across subsamples and gender. Correlations between corresponding scales and items (rs = .68 - .78) support theoretical congruency as well as independent usage of both questionnaires. Construct validity of both tools is shown through hypothesis-conforming correlations with the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes. Future studies may apply the ARSS and SRSS as monitoring tools in English-speaking regions worldwide.


Asunto(s)
Acondicionamiento Físico Humano/psicología , Estrés Psicológico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Lenguaje , Masculino , Psicometría , Adulto Joven
6.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(1): 53-59, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851458

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To translate, adapt and validate the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire on Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms ICIQ-FLUTS for the Brazilian female population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A translation of the questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese was made followed by an adaptation for better understanding by native speakers. After that, the ICIQ-FLUTS was answered by eighty volunteers (n=80) twice (for interviewers 1 and 2) with an interval of 30 minutes between them. Furthermore, after 15 days from the evaluation, the participants answered the ICIQ-FLUTS again in order to verify the questionnaire stability over time. The questionnaires Utian Quality Of Life (UQOL) and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF), which are validated in Brazil were also applied to perform the validation. RESULTS: The result of the Cronbach α coefficient of the instrument presented a value of 0.832. The values for test-retest were 0.907 (inter-observer) and 0.901 (intra-observer). The correlation between ICIQ-FLUTS (score I - domain of urinary incontinence) with the ICIQ-SF (final score) was strong and positive (r=0.836, p=0.000). In addition, the ICIQ-FLUTS showed moderate and negative correlation with the total score of UQOL (r=-0.691, p=0.017). CONCLUSION: The Portuguese version of the ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire showed strong correlation to ICIQ-SF questionnaire and satisfactory values to test-retest and internal consistency.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/fisiopatología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Traducciones , Adulto , Brasil , Femenino , Humanos , Lenguaje , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
7.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(18)2019 Dec 10.
Artículo en Noruego | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823574

Asunto(s)
Mano , Lenguaje , Gestos , Humanos
8.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e266, 2019 12 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826754

RESUMEN

A central claim by Hoerl & McCormack is that the temporal reasoning system is uniquely human. But why exactly? This commentary evaluates two possible options to justify the thesis that temporal reasoning is uniquely human, one based on considerations regarding agency and the other based on language. The commentary raises problems for both of these options.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Solución de Problemas , Humanos , Lenguaje
9.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e275, 2019 12 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826759

RESUMEN

Here I consider the possible role of the temporal updating system in the development of the temporal reasoning system. Using evidence from children's acquisition of time words, I argue that abstract temporal concepts are not built from primitive representations of time. Instead, I propose that language and cultural learning provide the primary sources of the temporal reasoning system.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Solución de Problemas , Niño , Humanos , Lenguaje , Aprendizaje
10.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e253, 2019 12 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826771

RESUMEN

Hoerl & McCormack argue that children are incapable of reasoning about time until age 5. However, their dual timing perspective does not address non-symbolic timing, or timing in the absence of symbols/language. Given substantial evidence that infants and children are capable of non-symbolic timing, I argue that infants and children are well-tuned timers prior to age 5.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Lenguaje , Niño , Humanos , Lactante
11.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e249, 2019 12 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826795

RESUMEN

This commentary relates Hoerl & McCormack's dual systems perspective to models of cognitive development emphasizing representational redescription and the role of culturally constructed tools, including language, in providing flexible formats for thinking. We describe developmental processes that enable children to construct a mental time line, situate themselves in time, and overcome the primacy of the here and now.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Solución de Problemas , Niño , Humanos , Lenguaje
12.
Nature ; 576(7786): 181, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827300

Asunto(s)
Fraude , Virtudes , Lenguaje , Edición
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1260-1264, 2019 Oct 30.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801704

RESUMEN

In the field of bilingualism research, a key scientific question is how bilinguals process two language systems, particularly the effective switch from one language to another, namely bilingual code switching. With the rapid development of neuroimaging techniques, important progresses have been made in bilingual processing studies, especially in code switching. However, consensus has not been achieved regarding the mechanisms of bilingual code switching. Bilingual switching studies using neuropsychological and neuroimaging techniques have gained insights into the temporal and spatial features of the language switching process and the neurological mechanism, which provide direct evidence for the generation mechanism of bilingual code switching.


Asunto(s)
Multilingüismo , Neuroimagen , Humanos , Lenguaje
14.
Phys Life Rev ; 30: 86-88, 2019 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818394
15.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(5): 553-559, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833288

RESUMEN

Abstract: Objective To predict the pigmentation phenotypes of Chinese populations from different language families, analyze the differences and provide reference data for forensic anthropology and genetics. Methods The HIrisPlex-S multiplex amplification system with 41 loci related to pigmentation phenotypes was constructed in the laboratory, and 2 666 DNA samples of adult males of 17 populations from six language families, including Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Altaic, Hmong-Mien, Tai-Kadai and Austro-Asiatic language families distributed in different regions of China were genotyped. The pigmentation phenotype category of each individual was predicted using the online prediction system (https://HIrisPlex.erasmusmc.nl/), and then the output data were statistically analyzed. Results About 1.92% of the individuals of Asian-European admixed populations from Indo-European and Altaic language families had blue eyes and 34.29% had brown or gold hair. The phenotypes of the color of eyes and hair of other populations had no significant difference, all individuals had brown eyes and black hair. There were differences in skin color of populations of different language families and geographical areas. The Indo-European language family had the lightest skin color, and the Austro-Asiatic language family had the darkest skin color; the southwestern minority populations had a darker skin color than populations in the plain areas. Conclusion The prediction results of pigmentation phenotype of Chinese populations are consistent with the perception of the appearance of each population, proving the reliability of the system. The color of eyes and hair are mainly related to ancestral components, while the skin color shows the differences between language families, and is closely related to geographical distribution of populations.


Asunto(s)
Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática/genética , Color del Ojo/genética , Antropología Forense , Genética Forense/métodos , Lenguaje , Pigmentación de la Piel/genética , Adulto , China , Humanos , Masculino , Fenotipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 835-840, 2019 Dec 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874484

RESUMEN

Objective: To cross-cultural adapt the English version of obturator functioning scale (OFS) to form a simplified Chinese version, to preliminarily verify its reliability and validity in clinic, and to provide an effective tool for evaluating the oral function and quality of life of patients with palatal defect and restored with obturators in China. Methods: The English version of the OFS was taken for forward translation, synthesis, back-translation, and reviewed by expert committee to develop a pre-testing simplified Chinese version. This scale contained demographic data, basic information of diseases, eating problems dimensions (3 items), speech problems dimensions (5 items), and other problems dimensions (7 items). From December, 2016 to December, 2018, forty-two patients who were treated in the Department of Prosthodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University with palatal defect and restored with obturators were evaluated with OFS. Among them, there were 26 males, and 21-84 years old, and 16 females, who were 24-80 years old.The reliability and validity of the data were examined and analyzed. Results: The results showed that Cronbach's α coefficients of the overall scale and the three dimensions (eating problems, speech problems, and other problems) were 0.926, 0.938, 0.930, and 0.935, respectively. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was very good. The Spearman coefficients between each single dimension and the total score were 0.677, 0.792, and 0.860, respectively, suggesting that the scale convergence was good. The content validity index of 15 items was 0.905, indicating that the content validity was very good. Conclusions: The Chinese version of the OFS is exhibiting high reliability and validity, providing an effective evaluation tool of oral function and quality of life for Chinese patients with obturator prostheses to restore palate defects.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Traducciones , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Bucal , Medicina Oral , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
17.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(5): 612-617, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859893

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQDI) is one of the main instruments used to evaluate functional status in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). AIM: To assess the reliability and validity of the Spanish version of HAQDI in Chilean RA population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was applied to 98 patients with RA aged 44 ± 12 years (90% women). Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha statistic for internal consistency. Construct validity was assessed by comparing total HAQDI value and eight HAQDI domains with multiple parameters of disease activity. Discriminant validity was evaluated by classifying disease activity in low, medium or high and evaluating HAQDI value in each category. Floor and ceiling effects were evaluated. To assess construct validity, principal components analysis was performed using varimax rotation. RESULTS: There were no issues in the comprehensibility of the questionnaire. Mean HAQDI score was 1.57 ± 0.66. Standardized Cronbach's Alpha was 0.883. Correlations between Chilean HAQ domains had a p value less than 0.001, and values ranged from 0.317 to 0.597. Activity parameters, DAS 28 and CDAI were significantly correlated with HAQDI domains. Mean HAQDI values were 0.98 ± 0.59,1.45 ± 0.57, and 1.90 ± 0.56 for mild, moderate and severe disease activity. A principal components analysis identified two factors that accounted for 70.0% of total variability. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the Spanish version of HAQDI is reliable and valid and can be used in Chilean patients with RA.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Reumatoide/fisiopatología , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Chile , Femenino , Humanos , Lenguaje , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Valores de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
18.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(5): 643-649, 2019 May.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859897

RESUMEN

Wording problems are common in medical literature. The essence of any scientific work is to be understandable. A correct writing technique allows to communicate with the reader in an easy and accessible way, without disregarding proper grammatical and orthographic rules. This work is an updated guideline for the proper writing of biomedical manuscripts in Spanish. It avoids cumbersome grammatical explanations, aiming to become a simple material available for quick consultation.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Manuscritos Médicos como Asunto , Escritura/normas , Investigación Biomédica , Humanos , Comunicación Académica
20.
Indian J Dent Res ; 30(5): 697-702, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854359

RESUMEN

Context: Oral health is a fundamental aspect of general health which significantly affects quality of life (QoL) of an individual. Oral health-related QoL is a multidimensional concept determined by race, education, culture, and experiences related to oral diseases. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the Hindi (Indian) version of the child perceptions questionnaire (CPQ11-14) among 11-14-year-old school children in Rohtak City, Haryana, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 586 children in Rohtak city, Haryana, India, to find out the translation and cross-cultural adaptation of CPQ11-14. The original version of CPQ11-14was translated to Hindi language, and the dental caries experience was measured by caries assessment spectrum and treatment index. Statistical Analysis: The data were entered into Microsoft Excel and analyzed using SPSS 18. Reliability was assessed in 2 ways: internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: Construct validity was confirmed demonstrating statistically significant associations between total CPQ11-14 score and global ratings of oral health (P = 0.00) and overall well-being (P = 0.00). Mean CPQ11-14scores (20.30 ± 10.91) including all the domain scores were higher among children without dental caries when compared to children with dental caries (19.79 ± 9.88) and the instrument was not able to discriminate between two clinical groups significantly (P = 0.08). Conclusion: The Hindi version of the CPQ11-14 questionnaire is a reliable instrument having good reliability, good construct, and convergent validity but lacks discriminant validity. Shorter forms of CPQ11-14may be more useful when compared to original construct.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , India , Lenguaje , Salud Bucal , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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