Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 51.069
Filtrar
1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679654

RESUMEN

The rehabilitation of aphasics is fundamentally based on the assessment of speech impairment. Developing methods for assessing speech impairment automatically is important due to the growing number of stroke cases each year. Traditionally, aphasia is assessed manually using one of the well-known assessment batteries, such as the Western Aphasia Battery (WAB), the Chinese Rehabilitation Research Center Aphasia Examination (CRRCAE), and the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (BDAE). In aphasia testing, a speech-language pathologist (SLP) administers multiple subtests to assess people with aphasia (PWA). The traditional assessment is a resource-intensive process that requires the presence of an SLP. Thus, automating the assessment of aphasia is essential. This paper evaluated and compared custom machine learning (ML) speech recognition algorithms against off-the-shelf platforms using healthy and aphasic speech datasets on the naming and repetition subtests of the aphasia battery. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) are the customized ML algorithms, while Microsoft Azure and Google speech recognition are off-the-shelf platforms. The results of this study demonstrated that CNN-based speech recognition algorithms outperform LDA and off-the-shelf platforms. The ResNet-50 architecture of CNN yielded an accuracy of 99.64 ± 0.26% on the healthy dataset. Even though Microsoft Azure was not trained on the same healthy dataset, it still generated comparable results to the LDA and superior results to Google's speech recognition platform.


Asunto(s)
Afasia , Percepción del Habla , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Humanos , Afasia/diagnóstico , Afasia/rehabilitación , Trastornos del Habla , Lenguaje , Habla
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679666

RESUMEN

Building a good speech recognition system usually requires a lot of pairing data, which poses a big challenge for low-resource languages, such as Kazakh. In recent years, unsupervised pre-training has achieved good performance in low-resource speech recognition, but it is rarely used in Kazakh and other Central and West Asian languages. In this paper, wav2vec2.0 is improved by integrating a Factorized TDNN layer to better preserve the relationship between the voice and the time step before and after the quantization, which is called wav2vec-F. The unsupervised pre-training strategy was used to learn the potential speech representation from a large number of unlabeled audio data and was applied to the cross-language ASR task, which was optimized using the noise contrast binary classification task. At the same time, speech synthesis is used to promote the performance of speech recognition. The experiment shows that wav2vec-F can effectively utilize the unlabeled data from non-target languages, and the multi-language pre-training is obviously better than the single-language pre-training. The data enhancement method using speech synthesis can bring huge benefits. Compared with the baseline model, Librispeech's test-clean dataset has an average reduction of 1.9% in the word error rate. On the Kazakh KSC test set, the pre-training using only Kazakh reduced the word error rate by 3.8%. The pre-training of a small amount of Kazakh speech data synthesized by multi-language combined with TTS achieved a word error rate of 8.6% on the KSC test set when the labeled data were only 10 h, which was comparable to the results of the previous end-to-end model when the labeled data were 30 times less.


Asunto(s)
Percepción del Habla , Habla , Lenguaje , Software de Reconocimiento del Habla , Ruido
3.
Commun Biol ; 6(1): 99, 2023 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36697483

RESUMEN

How bilingual brains accomplish the processing of more than one language has been widely investigated by neuroimaging studies. The assimilation-accommodation hypothesis holds that both the same brain neural networks supporting the native language and additional new neural networks are utilized to implement second language processing. However, whether and how this hypothesis applies at the finer-grained levels of both brain anatomical organization and linguistic functions remains unknown. To address this issue, we scanned Chinese-English bilinguals during an implicit reading task involving Chinese words, English words and Chinese pinyin. We observed broad brain cortical regions wherein interdigitated distributed neural populations supported the same cognitive components of different languages. Although spatially separate, regions including the opercular and triangular parts of the inferior frontal gyrus, temporal pole, superior and middle temporal gyrus, precentral gyrus and supplementary motor areas were found to perform the same linguistic functions across languages, indicating regional-level functional assimilation supported by voxel-wise anatomical accommodation. Taken together, the findings not only verify the functional independence of neural representations of different languages, but show co-representation organization of both languages in most language regions, revealing linguistic-feature specific accommodation and assimilation between first and second languages.


Asunto(s)
Multilingüismo , Humanos , Mapeo Encefálico , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Lenguaje , Lingüística
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679481

RESUMEN

For a task-oriented dialogue system to provide appropriate answers to and services for users' questions, it is necessary for it to be able to utilize knowledge related to the topic of the conversation. Therefore, the system should be able to select the most appropriate knowledge snippet from the knowledge base, where external unstructured knowledge is used to respond to user requests that cannot be solved by the internal knowledge addressed by the database or application programming interface. Therefore, this paper constructs a three-step knowledge-grounded task-oriented dialogue system with knowledge-seeking-turn detection, knowledge selection, and knowledge-grounded generation. In particular, we propose a hierarchical structure of domain-classification, entity-extraction, and snippet-ranking tasks by subdividing the knowledge selection step. Each task is performed through the pre-trained language model with advanced techniques to finally determine the knowledge snippet to be used to generate a response. Furthermore, the domain and entity information obtained because of the previous task is used as knowledge to reduce the search range of candidates, thereby improving the performance and efficiency of knowledge selection and proving it through experiments.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Lenguaje , Bases del Conocimiento , Procesamiento de Lenguaje Natural , Programas Informáticos
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679538

RESUMEN

Sentiment analysis aims to mine polarity features in the text, which can empower intelligent terminals to recognize opinions and further enhance interaction capabilities with customers. Considerable progress has been made using recurrent neural networks or pre-trained models to learn semantic representations. However, recently published models with complex structures require increasing computational resources to reach state-of-the-art (SOTA) performance. It is still a significant challenge to deploy these models to run on micro-intelligent terminals with limited computing power and memory. This paper proposes a lightweight and efficient framework based on hybrid multi-grained embedding on sentiment analysis (MC-GGRU). The gated recurrent unit model is designed to incorporate a global attention structure that allows contextual representations to be learned from unstructured text using word tokens. In addition, a multi-grained feature layer can further enrich sentence representation features with implicit semantics from characters. Through hybrid multi-grained representation, MC-GGRU achieves high inference performance with a shallow structure. The experimental results of five public datasets show that our method achieves SOTA for sentiment classification with a trade-off between accuracy and speed.


Asunto(s)
Semántica , Análisis de Sentimientos , Lenguaje , Redes Neurales de la Computación , Aprendizaje Automático
7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 23(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36679717

RESUMEN

Gesture recognition can help people with a speech impairment to communicate and promote the development of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) technology. With the development of wireless technology, passive gesture recognition based on RFID has become a research hotspot. In this paper, we propose a low-cost, non-invasive and scalable gesture recognition technology, and successfully implement the RF-alphabet, a gesture recognition system for complex, fine-grained, domain-independent 26 English letters; the RF-alphabet has three major advantages: first, this paper achieves complete capture of complex, fine-grained gesture data by designing a dual-tag, dual-antenna layout. Secondly, to overcome the disadvantages of the large training sets and long training times of traditional deep learning. We design and combine the Difference threshold similarity calculation prediction model to extract digital signal features to achieve real-time feature analysis of gesture signals. Finally, the RF alphabet solves the problem of confusing the signal characteristics of letters. Confused letters are distinguished by comparing the phase values of feature points. The RF-alphabet ends up with an average accuracy of 90.28% and 89.7% in different domains for new users and new environments, respectively, by performing feature analysis on similar signals. The real-time, robustness, and scalability of the RF-alphabet are proven.


Asunto(s)
Dispositivo de Identificación por Radiofrecuencia , Humanos , Umbral Diferencial , Gestos , Lenguaje , Tecnología Inalámbrica , Algoritmos
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673878

RESUMEN

So far, little attention has been paid to contextual factors shaping loneliness and their interaction with individual characteristics. Moreover, the few existing studies have not included older migrants, identified as a group who are vulnerable to loneliness. This study examined the association between neighbourhood ethnic density (the proportion of own-group residents and the proportion of other ethnic residents in an area) and loneliness among older migrants. Furthermore, we investigated whether local language skills moderated this association. A population-based representative survey (The CHARM study, n = 1082, 57% men, mean age 63.2 years) and postal code area statistics were used to study Russian-speaking migrants aged 50 or older in Finland. The study design and data are hierarchical, with individuals nested in postcode areas. We accounted for this by estimating corresponding mixed models. We used a linear outcome specification and conducted logistic and ordinal robustness checks. After controlling for covariates, we found that ethnic density variables (measured as the proportion of Russian speakers and the proportion of other foreign speakers) were not associated with loneliness. Our interaction results showed that increased own-group ethnic density was associated with a higher level of loneliness among those with good local language skills but not among those with weaker skills. Good local language skills may indicate a stronger orientation towards the mainstream destination society and living in a neighbourhood with a higher concentration of own-language speakers may feel alienating for those who wish to be more included in mainstream society.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Soledad , Masculino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Femenino , Finlandia , Emociones , Federación de Rusia
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674015

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to examine the development of sitting postural control among two groups of infants at elevated risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and a group of infants at typical risk for ASD and its association with cognitive, language and communication skills at a later age. We visited infants in their home environment from the onset of sitting until sitting independence and at 12 and 18 months of age. We collected data on sitting posture (center of pressure), through a portable force platform, as well as communication, cognitive and social behavior assessments at various time points. Our results showed that postural control differences at the onset of sitting, were present among the groups of infants but there were no statistically significant differences among the groups in the development of sitting posture. In addition, there were statistically significant communication differences among the groups and mostly the change in sample entropy in the anterior/posterior direction (posture measure) was significantly correlated with other skills at a later age. This study highlights the importance of investigating multiple at-risk groups to identify unique developmental pathways that may lead to an ASD diagnosis.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Humanos , Lactante , Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Postura , Lenguaje , Comunicación , Equilibrio Postural
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674102

RESUMEN

Pure agraphias are caused by graphemic buffer damage. The graphemic buffer stores graphemic representations that handle the transition from spelling lexicon to writing or oral spellings. The authors report a case of a crossed pure agraphia, following the post-surgical removal of a right frontal low-grade glioma in a right-handed French patient. He presented a pure agraphia displaying the features of a graphemic buffer impairment. Our patient only made spelling errors, whereas repetition and other oral language abilities remained perfect. We found a greater number of errors for longer stimuli, increased errors for the medially located graphemes, and agraphia for both words and non-words and error types, essentially consisting of omissions, substitutions, and letter transpositions. We also observed no significant effect of word frequency on spelling errors, but word length affected the rate of errors. The particularity of this case was linked to right frontal subcortical injuries in a right-handed subject. To our knowledge, it is the first report of a crossed pure agraphia caused by graphemic buffer impairment. Further studies are needed in order to analyse the role of subcortical structures, particularly the caudate nucleus in the graphemic buffer during writing tasks, as well as the participation of the non-dominant hemisphere in writing language.


Asunto(s)
Agrafia , Masculino , Humanos , Agrafia/etiología , Lenguaje , Escritura , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas
11.
ACS Synth Biol ; 12(1): 340-346, 2023 Jan 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595709

RESUMEN

Standards support synthetic biology research by enabling the exchange of component information. However, using formal representations, such as the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL), typically requires either a thorough understanding of these standards or a suite of tools developed in concurrence with the ontologies. Since these tools may be a barrier for use by many practitioners, the Excel-SBOL Converter was developed to facilitate the use of SBOL and integration into existing workflows. The converter consists of two Python libraries: one that converts Excel templates to SBOL and another that converts SBOL to an Excel workbook. Both libraries can be used either directly or via a SynBioHub plugin.


Asunto(s)
Lenguajes de Programación , Biología Sintética , Lenguaje , Estándares de Referencia , Flujo de Trabajo , Programas Informáticos
12.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 147, 2023 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604445

RESUMEN

Dialects are a cultural property of animal communication previously described in the signals of several animal species. While dialects have predominantly been described in vocal signals, chimpanzee leaf-clipping and other 'leaf-modifying' gestures, used across chimpanzee and bonobo communities, have been suggested as a candidate for cultural variation in gestural communication. Here we combine direct observation with archaeological techniques to compare the form and use of leaf-modifying gestures in two neighbouring communities of East African chimpanzees. We found that while both communities used multiple forms, primarily within sexual solicitation, they showed a strong preference for a single, different gesture form. The observed variation in form preference between these neighbouring communities within the same context suggests that these differences are, at least in part, socially derived. Our results highlight an unexplored source of variation and flexibility in gestural communication, opening the door for future research to explore socially derived dialects in non-vocal communication.


Asunto(s)
Hominidae , Pan troglodytes , Animales , Humanos , Gestos , Comunicación Animal , Pan paniscus , Lenguaje
13.
Cogn Sci ; 47(1): e13221, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607162

RESUMEN

Previous studies have shown that Chinese speakers and non-Chinese speakers exhibit different patterns of cross-modal congruence for the lexical tones of Mandarin Chinese, depending on which features of the pitch they attend to. But is this pattern of language-specific listening a conscious cultural strategy or an automatic processing effect? If automatic, does it also apply when the same pitch contours no longer sound like speech? Implicit Association Tests (IATs) provide an indirect measure of cross-modal association. In a series of IAT studies, conducted with participants with three kinds of language backgrounds (Chinese-dominant bilinguals, Chinese balanced bilinguals, and English speakers with no Chinese experience) we find language-specific congruence effects for Mandarin lexical tones but not for matched sine-wave stimuli. That is, for linguistic stimuli, non-Chinese speakers show advantages for pitch-height congruence (high-pointy, low-curvy); no congruence effects were found for Chinese speakers. For non-linguistic stimuli, all participant groups showed advantages for pitch-height congruence. The present findings suggest that non-lexical tone congruence (high-pointy, low-curvy) is a basic congruence pattern, and the acquisition of a language with lexical tone can alter this perception.


Asunto(s)
Percepción del Habla , Humanos , Percepción de la Altura Tonal , Lenguaje , Percepción Auditiva , Habla
14.
Cogn Sci ; 47(1): e13228, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607157

RESUMEN

The human experience is shaped by information from different perceptual channels, but it is still debated whether and how differential experience influences language use. To address this, we compared congenitally blind, blindfolded, and sighted people's descriptions of the same motion events experienced auditorily by all participants (i.e., via sound alone) and conveyed in speech and gesture. Comparison of blind and sighted participants to blindfolded participants helped us disentangle the effects of a lifetime experience of being blind versus the task-specific effects of experiencing a motion event by sound alone. Compared to sighted people, blind people's speech focused more on path and less on manner of motion, and encoded paths in a more segmented fashion using more landmarks and path verbs. Gestures followed the speech, such that blind people pointed to landmarks more and depicted manner less than sighted people. This suggests that visual experience affects how people express spatial events in the multimodal language and that blindness may enhance sensitivity to paths of motion due to changes in event construal. These findings have implications for the claims that language processes are deeply rooted in our sensory experiences.


Asunto(s)
Ceguera , Lenguaje , Humanos , Habla , Movimiento (Física)
15.
Cogn Sci ; 47(1): e13217, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607218

RESUMEN

Differences in socioeconomic status (SES) correlate both with differences in cognitive development and in brain structure. Associations between SES and brain measures such as cortical surface area and cortical thickness mediate differences in cognitive skills such as executive function and language. However, causal accounts that link SES, brain, and behavior are challenging because SES is a multidimensional construct: correlated environmental factors, such as family income and parental education, are only distal markers for proximal causal pathways. Moreover, the causal accounts themselves must span multiple levels of description, employ a developmental perspective, and integrate genetic effects on individual differences. Nevertheless, causal accounts have the potential to inform policy and guide interventions to reduce gaps in developmental outcomes. In this article, we review the range of empirical data to be integrated in causal accounts of developmental effects on the brain and cognition associated with variation in SES. We take the specific example of language development and evaluate the potential of a multiscale computational model of development, based on an artificial neural network, to support the construction of causal accounts. We show how, with bridging assumptions that link properties of network structure to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of brain structure, different sets of empirical data on SES effects can be connected. We use the model to contrast two possible causal pathways for environmental influences that are associated with SES: differences in prenatal brain development and differences in postnatal cognitive stimulation. We then use the model to explore the implications of each pathway for the potential to intervene to reduce gaps in developmental outcomes. The model points to the cumulative effects of social disadvantage on multiple pathways as the source of the poorest response to interventions. Overall, we highlight the importance of implemented models to test competing accounts of environmental influences on individual differences.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , Cognición , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Encéfalo/fisiología , Cognición/fisiología , Clase Social , Lenguaje , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética
16.
J Investig Med ; 71(1): 4-6, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655321

RESUMEN

With a growing speaking Spanish population in the USA, it is necessary to help meet their healthcare needs. The Paul L. Foster School of Medicine is located in El Paso at the US-Mexico border. The medical Spanish curriculum is required for all medical students and begins on their first day of medical school, with conversational Spanish and medical Spanish through the preclerkship years. One of the key elements to the success of this course is the use of instructors with expertise in language instruction with an emphasis on task-based instruction. In addition to language instruction, this course also emphasizes instruction and experience in the culture of the US-Mexico border region. While taught medical Spanish, students are also prompted to understand when their skills are not adequate for the situation, in which case they need to enlist a skilled translator. Students report that, on a daily basis, they productively use what they learned in this preclerkship curriculum.


Asunto(s)
Facultades de Medicina , Estudiantes de Medicina , Humanos , México , Lenguaje , Hispánicos o Latinos
17.
Cogn Sci ; 47(1): e13224, 2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655934

RESUMEN

Previous research on linguistic relativity and economic decisions hypothesized that speakers of languages with obligatory tense marking of future time reference (FTR) should value future rewards less than speakers of languages which permit present tense FTR. This was hypothesized on the basis of obligatory linguistic marking (e.g., will) causing speakers to construe future events as more temporally distal and thereby to exhibit increased "temporal discounting": the subjective devaluation of outcomes as the delay until they will occur increases. However, several aspects of this hypothesis are incomplete. First, it overlooks the role of "modal" FTR structures which encode notions about the likelihood of future outcomes (e.g., might). This may influence "probability discounting": the subjective devaluation of outcomes as the probability of their occurrence decreases. Second, the extent to which linguistic structures are subjectively related to temporal or probability discounting differences is currently unknown. To address these, we elicited FTR language and subjective ratings of temporal distance and probability from speakers of English, which exhibits strongly grammaticized FTR, and Dutch, which does not. Several findings went against the predictions of the previous hypothesis: Framing an FTR statement in the present ("Ellie arrives later on") versus the future tense ("…will arrive…") did not affect ratings of temporal distance; English speakers rated future statements as relatively more temporally proximal than Dutch speakers; and English and Dutch speakers rated future tenses as encoding high certainty, which suggests that obligatory future tense marking might result in less discounting. Additionally, compared with Dutch speakers, English speakers used more low-certainty terms in general (e.g., may) and as a function of various experimental factors. We conclude that the prior cross-linguistic observations of the link between FTR and psychological discounting may be caused by the connection between low-certainty modal structures and probability discounting, rather than future tense and temporality.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Lingüística , Humanos , Tiempo , Probabilidad
18.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280552, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656841

RESUMEN

Glosses provide an effective way of fostering second language (L2) vocabulary acquisition. Expanding on previous research, we explored how a vocabulary test announcement prior to reading a glossed text influences the reading behaviors and subsequent vocabulary acquisition of L2 learners. The participants of this study comprised 65 Korean undergraduate students. The participants were assigned to either a vocabulary test announcement (TA) or a no test announcement (NTA) group. Thereafter, the researchers read to the participants a short story containing 16 glossed words displayed in the bottom margin. The students' responses to the reading comprehension test and a battery of vocabulary tests (i.e., form recall, meaning recall, and meaning recognition) were captured immediately and one week after the assessments. The results showed that while processing in-text target words and marginal glosses, no variation in eye-tracking measures (e.g., gaze duration and total reading time) was observed among the TA and NTA groups. In contrast, the TA group spent significantly longer time fixating on bottom-margin target words than the NTA group during eye-tracking measures. Regardless of the testing phase, the vocabulary test results showed that only the form recall scores in the TA group were significantly higher than the NTA group. However, the differences in meaning recall and recognition scores were not significant. Collectively, these results suggest that vocabulary test announcements likely enhance the favorable effects of glossed text, particularly through promoting visual word form acquisition. However, the effects do not strengthen form-meaning associations without compromising L2 learners' reading comprehension.


Asunto(s)
Tecnología de Seguimiento Ocular , Vocabulario , Humanos , Pruebas del Lenguaje , Lenguaje , Recuerdo Mental/fisiología , Comprensión
19.
BMJ Open Qual ; 12(1)2023 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657957

RESUMEN

Communication barriers often result in healthcare disparities. Language barriers in patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) frequently results in higher healthcare expenditures and potentially poorer patient-centred outcomes. Therefore, we decided to assess resource utilisation of patients with LEP at our high-LEP serving community hospital emergency department (ED) in Canada. Specifically, we examined whether LEP patients have a higher rate of CT utilisation and/or a higher rate of hospital admission from the ED.We enrolled 100 patients who presented to the ED in our study. Each patient's English proficiency was rated. We classified 31 patients as LEP patients and 69 patients as non-LEP patients. Within the LEP patients' group, 13 out of 31 patients (42%) received a CT scan, while in the non-LEP patients' group, 30 out of 69 patients (43%) received a CT scan. In addition, 28 out of 31 patients (90%) from the LEP patients' group were admitted to the hospital after the initial ED consultation, while in the non-LEP patients' group, 51 out of 69 patients (74%) were admitted.We did not find a difference in CT scan utilisation between LEP and non-LEP patients (p=0.89). Although there is a trend towards a higher hospital admission rate in LEP patients, our finding was not statistically significant (p=0.062).


Asunto(s)
Dominio Limitado del Inglés , Humanos , Lenguaje , Hospitales Comunitarios , Estudios Retrospectivos , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital
20.
BMC Womens Health ; 23(1): 26, 2023 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658525

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Abortion stigma likely affects the terminology abortion patients, providers and the public use or avoid using to refer to abortion care. Knowing the terminology people seeking abortion prefer could help inform the language used in clinical interactions and improve patients' experiences with abortion care. However, research in the U.S. has not examined patients' preferences in this area or whether terminology preferences vary by participant characteristics, in the way that experiences of stigma vary across different contexts and communities. This study aims to describe preferred terminology among people presenting for abortion care and to explore the pregnancy-related characteristics associated with these preferences. METHODS: We surveyed abortion patients about their experiences accessing abortion care, including preferred terms for the procedure. Respondents could mark more than one term, suggest their own term, or indicate no preference. We recruited people ages 15-45 seeking abortion from four U.S. abortion facilities located in three states (California, Illinois, and New Mexico) from January to June 2019. We used descriptive statistics and multivariable multinomial logistic regression to explore associations between respondents' pregnancy-related characteristics and their preferred terminology. RESULTS: Among the 1092 people approached, 784 (77%) initiated the survey and 697 responded to the terminology preference question. Most participants (57%, n = 400) preferred only one term. Among those participants, "abortion" (43%) was most preferred, followed by "ending a pregnancy" (29%), and "pregnancy termination" (24%). In adjusted multivariable models, participants who worried "very much" that other people might find out about the abortion (29%) were significantly more likely than those who were "not at all" worried (13%) to prefer "ending a pregnancy" over having no preference for a term (adjusted relative risk ratio: 2.68, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.46-4.92). CONCLUSIONS: People seeking abortion have varied preferences for how they want to refer to their abortions, in particular if they anticipate abortion stigma. Findings can be useful for clinicians and researchers so that they can be responsive to people's preferences during clinical interactions and in the design and conduct of abortion research.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido , Aborto Espontáneo , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Transversales , Prioridad del Paciente , Lenguaje
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...