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2.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(1): 9, 2021 Jan 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469787

RESUMEN

Goethe's studies of natural form have occupied generations of scholars and the discussion on the relationship between Goethe's thought and evolutionary theory has never ceased since Haeckel's claims in the late nineteenth century. In scholarship which has aimed to address the question of change in Goethe's concept of nature, the focus has been primarily on his scientific writings. Aiming for a comprehensive understanding of Goethe's thought on reproduction, this article sets out to contribute to the ongoing debate by focusing on his literary text The New Melusine, a story centred on a dwarf figure. Examining texts by naturalists such as Buffon, Humboldt, and Darwin, the article demonstrates how Goethe, in the speculative framework of a literary text, explores patterns of transformation by means of sexual reproduction which did not make it into his better known scientific writings on plant morphology and comparative anatomy. I argue that the Melusine story becomes for Goethe a space to consider a new understanding of reproduction, its transformative power, and biopolitical possibilities, while at the same time providing an opportunity to reflect critically on its consequences for the individual.


Asunto(s)
Mitología/historia , Reproducción , Romanticismo/historia , Ciencia en la Literatura/historia , Alemania , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Literatura Moderna/historia
6.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 386-388, 2020.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643629

RESUMEN

No abstract available.


Asunto(s)
Literatura Moderna , Humanos
8.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 35-37, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593374

RESUMEN

In 1812, Frances (Fanny) Burney (born in 1752 and died in 1840) underwent a mastectomy performed by Larry without anaesthesia. In the days after surgery, Burney wrote a letter to her sister, Esther Burney, describing her experience. In total, the letter is four pages long including information on before, during and after the surgery. Although this letter has been cited in numerous texts, it has yet to be analysed from multiple perspectives, shedding new light on the history of anaesthesia.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/historia , Historiografía , Mastectomía/historia , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Anestesia/historia , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Correspondencia como Asunto/historia , Personajes , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Humanos , Literatura Moderna/historia , Reino Unido
10.
J R Soc Med ; 113(4): 136-139, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286114
13.
Med Humanit ; 46(1): 12-21, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30228223

RESUMEN

The following paper examines the cyberpunk transhumanist graphic novel Transmetropolitan through the theoretical lens of disability studies to demonstrate how science fiction, and in particular this series, illustrate and can influence how we think about disability, impairment and difference. While Transmetropolitan is most often read as a scathing political and social satire about abuse of power and the danger of political apathy, the comic series also provides readers with representations of impairment and the source of disability as understood by the Social Model of Disability (SMD). Focusing on the setting and fictional world in which Transmetropolitan takes place, as well as key events and illustration styling, this paper demonstrates that the narrative in this work encompasses many of the same theoretical underpinnings and criticisms of society's ignorance of the cause of disability as the SMD does. This paper aims, by demonstrating how Transmetropolitan can be read as an allegory for the disabling potential of society as experienced by individuals with impairments, to prompt readers into thinking more creatively about how narratives, seemingly unconcerned with disability, are informed and can be understood via disability theory.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Personas con Discapacidad , Medicina en la Literatura , Medio Social , Novelas Gráficas como Asunto , Humanos , Literatura Moderna , Narración
14.
Bull Hist Med ; 94(4): 670-689, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775946

RESUMEN

This article draws on Charles Rosenberg's classic essay "What Is an Epidemic?" (1989) to reflect on the complex narrative structures and temporalities of epidemics as they are experienced and storied. We begin with an analysis of Rosenberg's use of Albert Camus's The Plague and a discussion of how epidemics have been modeled in literature and in epidemiology concomitantly. Then, we argue that Charles Rosenberg's characterization of epidemics as events bounded in time that display narrative and epidemiological purity fails to account for the reinvention of life within health crises. Adopting the ecological, archaeological, and anthropological perspectives developed within African studies enriches the range of available plots, roles, and temporal sequences and ultimately transforms our way of depicting epidemics. Instead of events oriented toward their own closure, epidemics might be approached as unsettling, seemingly endless periods during which life has to be recomposed.


Asunto(s)
Epidemias/historia , Literatura Moderna/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Peste/epidemiología , Peste/historia
15.
Bull Hist Med ; 94(4): 690-698, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775947

RESUMEN

This essay reconsiders epidemic narratives through the lens of polio to examine temporal shifts and overlapping and conflicting temporalities and assess some of the stakes in how we conceptualize the epidemic dramaturgy. I argue that while the dramaturgy of epidemics serves as a thread around which people, state actors, and institutions organize experiences, responses, and expectations, consideration of the multiplicity of epidemic temporalities is crucial in understanding how medical practice and knowledge are shaped and transferred, particularly with attention to actors that might be rendered invisible by the conventional narrative arc.


Asunto(s)
Epidemias/historia , Literatura Moderna/historia , Poliomielitis/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Poliomielitis/epidemiología
17.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 327-333, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570665

RESUMEN

No abstract available.


Asunto(s)
Literatura Moderna , Lectura , Humanos
18.
Cuad Bioet ; 30(100): 237-252, 2019.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618587

RESUMEN

In 2003 Ruth Macklin published a short paper questioning the usefulness of the concept ″human dignity. ″ Since then the debate has been kept alive, although in the world of Law, ethics and clinical practice, this concept continues to be used normally. In the spotlight of that criticism was the bioethics of Leon Kass, built on the concept of dignity and sustained in a narrative methodology. In homage to Leon Kass, in this work I approach the concept of dignity from a literary perspective and focusing on nursing health care, in which the usefulness of the concept of human dignity is especially visible.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud/ética , Literatura Moderna , Medicina en la Literatura , Atención de Enfermería/ética , Derechos del Paciente/ética , Narrativas Personales como Asunto , Personeidad , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Desgaste por Empatía/psicología , Disentimientos y Disputas , Empatía , Humanos , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Enfermeras y Enfermeros/psicología , Pobreza , Derecho a Morir/ética
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