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2.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 259(3): 733-744, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537883

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic increased the gender gap in academic publishing. This study assesses COVID-19's impact on ophthalmology gender authorship distribution and compares the gender authorship proportion of COVID-19 ophthalmology-related articles to previous ophthalmology articles. METHODS: This cohort study includes authors listed in all publications related to ophthalmology in the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset and CDC COVID-19 research database. Articles from 65 ophthalmology journals from January to July 2020 were selected. All previous articles published in the same journals were extracted from PubMed. Gender-API determined authors' gender. RESULTS: Out of 119,457 COVID-19-related articles, we analyzed 528 ophthalmology-related articles written by 2518 authors. Women did not exceed 40% in any authorship positions and were most likely to be middle, first, and finally, last authors. The proportions of women in all authorship positions from the 2020 COVID-19 group (29.6% first, 31.5% middle, 22.1% last) are significantly lower compared to the predicted 2020 data points (37.4% first, 37.0% middle, 27.6% last) (p < .01). The gap between the proportion of female authors in COVID-19 ophthalmology research and the 2020 ophthalmology-predicted proportion (based on 2002-2019 data) is 6.1% for overall authors, 7.8% for first authors, and 5.5% for last and middle authors. The 2020 COVID-19 authorship group (1925 authors) was also compared to the 2019 group (33,049 authors) based on journal category (clinical/basic science research, general/subspecialty ophthalmology, journal impact factor). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 amplified the authorship gender gap in ophthalmology. When compared to previous years, there was a greater decrease in women's than men's academic productivity.


Asunto(s)
Autoria , Factor de Impacto de la Revista , Oftalmología/tendencias , Edición/estadística & datos numéricos , Distribución por Sexo , Bases de Datos Factuales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos
3.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 73(1): 168-172, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460296

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential association between physician gender and academic advancement among US rheumatologists. METHODS: We performed a nationwide, cross-sectional study of all rheumatologists practicing in the US in 2014 using a comprehensive database of all licensed physicians. Among academic rheumatologists, we estimated gender differences in faculty rank, adjusting for differences in physician age, years since residency graduation, publications, National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants, registered clinical trials, and appointment at a top 20 medical school using a multivariate logistic regression model. We also estimated gender differences in leadership positions (i.e., division director and fellowship program director). RESULTS: Among 6,125 total practicing rheumatologists, 941 (15%) had academic faculty appointments in 2014. Women academic rheumatologists (41.4%) were younger and had completed residency more recently than men. Women had fewer total publications, publications on which they were the first or last author, and NIH grants. In fully adjusted analyses, women were less likely to be full or associate professors than men, with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 0.78 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.62-0.99]). Women in rheumatology had similar odds as men of being a fellowship program director or division director (adjusted OR 0.99 [95% CI 0.69-1.43] and adjusted OR 0.96 [95% CI 0.66-1.41], respectively). CONCLUSION: Among academic rheumatologists, women are less likely than men to be full or associate professors but have similar odds of being fellowship program directors or division directors, when adjusting for several factors known to influence faculty promotion. These differences suggest barriers to academic promotion despite representation in leadership positions within rheumatology divisions.


Asunto(s)
Movilidad Laboral , Docentes Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Reumatólogos/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Liderazgo , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis Multivariante , Oportunidad Relativa , Factores Sexuales , Estados Unidos
4.
Am J Surg ; 221(1): 222-226, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456775

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the roles of women at national trauma meetings. METHODS: Available scientific programs for the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (2013-19), Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (2010-19), and Western Trauma Association (2010-19) as well as the Scudder Oration at the American College of Surgeons (1963-2019), were reviewed for names of participants and categorized by gender. RESULTS: Women made up 963 of 2746 (35.1%) of presenters, 252 of 1020 (24.7%) of discussants, 116 of 622 (18.6%) of moderators of scientific sessions, 189 of 707 (26.7%) of panelists, and 69 of 254 (27.2%) of panel moderators. Only 12 of 126 (9.5%) of named lectures or presidential addresses were given by women. CONCLUSIONS: The low rate of female named speakers suggests that there remains a "glass ceiling" when it comes to upper-level participation in national trauma meetings.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Traumatología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribución por Sexo , Estados Unidos
5.
Am J Surg ; 221(1): 86-89, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622505

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess gender diversity across surgical subspecialties, with a focus on endocrine surgery. METHODS: We collected publicly-reported data from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES) during the 2017 data period. Student's t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to compare percentages of female surgeons. We analyzed data by geographical regions, excluding states where data was unreported/unavailable. RESULTS: During this period, there were 25,022 general surgeons. Of these, 5157 (20.6%) were female. There were 513 endocrine surgeons, of which 179 (34.8%) were female (p < 0.001). Across the US, endocrine surgery had the greatest percentage of female surgeons (34.8%) compared to other surgical subspecialties (p < 0.001). When comparing geographical regions, the Northeast (22.8%) and West (22.8%) contained the highest percentages of female general surgeons, while the South comprised the greatest proportion of female endocrine surgeons (38.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Endocrine surgery has the most gender diversity of all studied surgical subspecialties. The Southern US has the greatest proportion of female endocrine surgeons.


Asunto(s)
Endocrinología/estadística & datos numéricos , Especialidades Quirúrgicas/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Distribución por Sexo , Estados Unidos
10.
Surgery ; 168(3): 355-362, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741622

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To interview extraordinary women who have made recent significant contributions to the field of colorectal surgery. DESIGN: The authors asked some of the many extraordinary women who have made significant contributions to the field of colorectal surgery to answer several questions. These women were selected from many potential candidates based upon their extraordinary recent contributions to the field of colorectal surgery. These thought leaders were asked about their contributions to colorectal surgery, their mentors, whether they had any women as role models, and, lastly, what they would tell their younger selves. The study was structured to recognize these women for their remarkable recent contributions to colorectal surgery, and we wished to encourage women to pursue leadership in colorectal surgery including the allied fields of colorectal pathology and colorectal imaging. Furthermore, the authors hoped to inspire male colorectal surgeons to actively mentor and help the career development of women colorectal surgeons. The potential limitations of the study include the fact that there are many more well-deserving women who could have been included in the sample survey but, because of space constraints, were not invited. CONCLUSION: Women in colorectal surgery and in the allied specialties of colorectal pathology and colorectal radiology have made many recent major significant contributions to colorectal surgery. The expectation is that the volume and frequency of such contributions as well as the number of women making these contributions should further significantly increase with time.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Colorrectal/organización & administración , Liderazgo , Mentores , Médicos Mujeres/psicología , Cirujanos/psicología , Selección de Profesión , Cirugía Colorrectal/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Colorrectal/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/tendencias , Cirujanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirujanos/tendencias
11.
BMJ ; 370: m2588, 2020 07 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732322

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether differences in income between male and female physicians vary according to the sex composition of physician practices. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: US national survey of physician salaries, 2014-18. PARTICIPANTS: 18 802 physicians from 9848 group practices (categorized according to proportion of male physicians ≤50%, >50-75%, >75-90%, and >90%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sex differences in physician income in relation to the sex composition of physician practices after multivariable adjustment for physician specialty, years of experience, hours worked, measures of clinical workload, practice type, and geography. RESULTS: Among 11 490 non-surgical specialists, the absolute adjusted sex difference in annual income (men versus women) was $36 604 (£29 663; €32 621) (95% confidence interval $24 903 to $48 306; 11.7% relative difference) for practices with 50% or less of male physicians compared with $91 669 ($56 587 to $126 571; 19.9% relative difference) for practices with at least 90% of male physicians (P=0.03 for difference). Similar findings were observed among surgical specialists (n=3483), with absolute adjusted sex difference in annual income of $46 503 ($42 198 to $135 205; 10.2% relative difference) for practices with 50% or less of male physicians compared with $149 460 ($86 040 to $212 880; 26.9% relative difference) for practices with at least 90% of male physicians (P=0.06 for difference). Among primary care physicians (n=3829), sex differences in income were not related to the proportion of male physicians in a practice. CONCLUSIONS: Among both non-surgical and surgical specialists, sex differences in income were largest in practices with the highest proportion of male physicians, even after detailed adjustment for factors that might explain sex differences in income.


Asunto(s)
Práctica de Grupo/organización & administración , Práctica de Grupo/estadística & datos numéricos , Renta/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos/economía , Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos Mujeres/economía , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Atención Primaria de Salud/economía , Atención Primaria de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Distribución por Sexo , Cirujanos/economía , Cirujanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos
12.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(3): 698-707, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842119

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have provided recommendations for increasing female leadership in academic plastic surgery. This study quantifies the extent to which these recommendations have been met in plastic surgery residency programs and identifies remaining institutional barriers to the advancement of women in academic plastic surgery. METHODS: An electronic survey was designed to quantify select recommendations for promoting female leadership in academic plastic surgery. The survey was distributed to either a female faculty member or a male program director at each academic plastic surgery program. An optional phone interview discussing current barriers to women's advancement followed the survey. RESULTS: Forty-nine of 92 survey recipients participated (52.7 percent response rate). Women constituted 25 percent of faculty, 22 percent of program directors, and 20 percent of program leaders of participating programs. Programs on average provided three of 11 resources. Programs with female leaders provided 6.20 resources versus 2.28 resources at departments with male chairs (p = 0.015). Programs with female program directors provided 5.50 resources versus 2.18 resources at programs with male program directors (p = 0.008). Of the 49 survey respondents, nine completed the interview (18.4 percent completion rate). The most frequently identified barriers to aspiring women leaders were opaque promotion criteria (cited by 77.8 percent of interviewees), motherhood bias (77.8 percent), and unequal recruitment practices (55.6 percent). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a female chair or program director is associated with a greater quantity of resources for promoting female leaders. Remaining barriers to women seeking academic leadership positions include compensation and promotion disparities, motherhood bias, and unequal recruitment practices.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Liderazgo , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Femenino , Guías como Asunto , Humanos , Masculino , Sexismo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos
13.
Gac. sanit. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 34(4): 403-410, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198713

RESUMEN

OBJETIVO: Identificar, en la literatura científica internacional, los obstáculos y factores potencialmente favorecedores para el avance durante su carrera profesional de las mujeres académicas e investigadoras en ciencias biomédicas. MÉTODO: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en PubMed, Scopus, CinahlPlus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycInfo y Sociological Abstracts de artículos publicados en inglés y español entre enero de 2006 y diciembre de 2016 sobre el fenómeno del techo de cristal en mujeres académicas e investigadoras en ciencias biomédicas. El cribado se llevó a cabo por revisoras independientes. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron 2254 estudios, de los cuales se incluyeron 23 en la revisión. Los obstáculos identificados para la promoción de las mujeres académicas o investigadoras en ciencias biomédicas son los sesgos de género en la evaluación de la investigación, el individualismo y la falta de colaboración, la falta de influencia de las mujeres, las desigualdades de género en la contratación y la promoción, la percepción de sexismo y discriminación en el clima laboral, y las dificultades de conciliación. Los elementos que favorecen son los ejemplos de mujeres en puestos de liderazgo, la mentorización, facilitar la conciliación, la transparencia en la contratación, la participación en la toma de decisiones, realizar auditorías de género en la evaluación de la investigación, la conciencia de las desigualdades de género, promover la colaboración y la equidad salarial. CONCLUSIONES: Potenciar los elementos que favorecen la promoción de las mujeres académicas en ciencias biomédicas contribuiría a reducir el fenómeno del techo de cristal en esta área, al aumentar su participación, representación y liderazgo. Se requiere un cambio de valores organizacional e institucional


OBJECTIVE: To identify in the international scientific literature the obstacles and potential promoters for the advancement of women academics and researchers in biomedical sciences during their professional careers. METHOD: PubMed, Scopus, CinahlPlus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycInfo and Sociological Abstracts were systematically searched for articles published in English and Spanish between January 2006 and December 2016 on the phenomenon of the glass ceiling in women academics and researchers in biomedical sciences. The screening was carried out by independent reviewers. RESULTS: A total of 2254 studies were found, of which 23 were included in the review. The obstacles identified for the promotion of women academics and/or researchers in biomedical sciences are: gender bias in the evaluation of research results, individualism and lack of collaboration, women's lack of influence, the existence of gender inequalities in access to employment. The perception of sexism and discrimination in the work environment, and the difficulties in reconciling work and family life. The promoting elements are: examples of women in leadership positions, mentoring, facilitating conciliation, transparency in recruitment, participation in decision-making, gender assessment of research, awareness of gender inequalities in institutions, promoting collaboration, and pay equity. CONCLUSIONS: By enhancing the elements favouring the promotion of academic women in biomedical sciences would help to reduce the glass ceiling in the career paths of women academics and health science researchers by increasing their participation, leadership and representation. A change of organizational and institutional values is required to achieve this


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Centros Médicos Académicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigadores/estadística & datos numéricos , Análisis de Género en Salud , Razón de Masculinidad , Sexismo/estadística & datos numéricos , Universidades/estadística & datos numéricos
14.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(3)2020 Mar 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609454

RESUMEN

Although women make up a significant portion of the workforce in dermatology, they remain underrepresented in academia. This study investigates the number of male and female symposium speakers at the American Academy of Dermatology annual meetings over a three-year period and compares research productivity and academic rank between the men and women invited to speak. The results demonstrate a steady increase in the representation of female symposium speakers at the conference from 2016 to 2018, although a higher proportion of invited male speakers hold professorships and leadership positions. This upward trend in women's representation may translate to more opportunities for female engagement in academic dermatology. Although women make up over 60% of residents in dermatology, they are not proportionally represented in this conference sample. This imbalance in representation demonstrates that further interventions to increase the representation of female professors and chairs may be necessary.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Dermatología , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Liderazgo , Masculino , Distribución por Sexo , Estados Unidos
15.
Am Surg ; 86(7): 803-810, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683920

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: An invitation to speak at a national meeting represents the advancement of one's career and indicates acceptance and the attention of the scientific community. Studies have revealed gender disparities across medical and surgical society meetings. The purpose of our study was to assess the current trend of women surgeon speakers at major national trauma surgery conferences during the last 4 years (ie, 2016-2019). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of conference programs of major trauma surgery association annual meetings including the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST), and the Western Trauma Association (WTA) was conducted. Our primary outcome was the number and proportion of women surgeon speakers at each conference each year. RESULTS: Twelve conference programs from three national trauma surgery association annual meetings were reviewed. A total of 2029 speakers were included; 608 (30%) of which were female and 1421 (70%) of which were male. The proportion of women speakers ranged from 22.3% to 41.4%. The number of women speakers increased each year from 2016 to 2019: (EAST: 25.2%-39.8%, P = .049; AAST: 27.1%-41.4%, P < .00001, and WTA: 27.8%-33.3%, P = . 0.573). CONCLUSION: The number of women surgeon speakers at national trauma surgery conferences significantly increased from 2016 to 2019. The increase in women trauma surgeon speakers is encouraging and should be celebrated, but organizational leadership should take this information into account while extending invitations to surgeons for speaking opportunities and continue to promote diversity and inclusivity.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Sociedades Médicas , Cirujanos/estadística & datos numéricos , Traumatología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos
16.
Elife ; 92020 06 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32538780

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in school closures and distancing requirements that have disrupted both work and family life for many. Concerns exist that these disruptions caused by the pandemic may not have influenced men and women researchers equally. Many medical journals have published papers on the pandemic, which were generated by researchers facing the challenges of these disruptions. Here we report the results of an analysis that compared the gender distribution of authors on 1893 medical papers related to the pandemic with that on papers published in the same journals in 2019, for papers with first authors and last authors from the United States. Using mixed-effects regression models, we estimated that the proportion of COVID-19 papers with a woman first author was 19% lower than that for papers published in the same journals in 2019, while our comparisons for last authors and overall proportion of women authors per paper were inconclusive. A closer examination suggested that women's representation as first authors of COVID-19 research was particularly low for papers published in March and April 2020. Our findings are consistent with the idea that the research productivity of women, especially early-career women, has been affected more than the research productivity of men.


Asunto(s)
Autoria , Bibliometría , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Investigadores/estadística & datos numéricos , Mujeres , Eficiencia , Femenino , Humanos , Medicina , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales , Aislamiento Social , Estados Unidos
17.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 218: 128-135, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445703

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To describe temporal and geographic trends in the US eye care workforce. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2017 Area Health Resources File. The main outcomes were ophthalmologist and optometrist density, as defined as the number of providers per 100,000 individuals, the ratio of ophthalmologists ≥55 years of age to those <55 years of age, and county characteristics associated with the availability of an ophthalmologist. RESULTS: From 1995 to 2017, the national ophthalmologist density decreased from 6.30 to 5.68 ophthalmologists per 100,000 individuals. Although rural counties experienced a mean annual increase in ophthalmologist density by 2.26%, they still had a lower mean ophthalmologist density (0.58/100,000 individuals) compared with nonmetropolitan (2.19/100,000 individuals) and metropolitan counties (6.29/100,000 individuals) in 2017. The ratio of older to younger ophthalmologists increased from 0.37 in 1995 to 0.82 in 2017, with the greatest ratio increase occurring in rural counties (0.29 to 1.90). The presence of an ophthalmologist was significantly associated with a greater proportion of individuals with a college degree and health insurance, and more developed health care infrastructure. From 1990 to 2017, the density of optometrists increased from 11.06 to 16.16 optometrists per 100,000 individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Over the last 2 decades, the national density of ophthalmologists has decreased and the workforce has aged. In contrast, the density of optometrists has increased. Rural counties continue to have a disproportionately lower supply of eye care providers, although some growth has occurred. Given the rising ratio of optometrists to ophthalmologists, it is of interest for future work to determine how the optometrist workforce can best complement potential shortages of ophthalmologists.


Asunto(s)
Fuerza Laboral en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Oftalmólogos/tendencias , Optometristas/tendencias , Adulto , Distribución por Edad , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Necesidades y Demandas de Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Fuerza Laboral en Salud/tendencias , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Oftalmólogos/estadística & datos numéricos , Optometristas/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/tendencias , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Distribución por Sexo , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos
18.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 29(6): 837-846, 2020 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466701

RESUMEN

Background: Three national career development programs (CDPs)-Early and Mid-Career Programs sponsored by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Hedwig van Ameringen Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine sponsored by Drexel University-seek to expand gender diversity in faculty and institutional leadership of academic medical centers. Over 20 years of success and continued need are evident in the sustained interest and investment of individuals and institutions. However, their impact on promotion in academic rank remains unknown. The purpose of the study is to compare promotion rates of women CDP participants and other faculty of similar institutional environment and initial career stage. Methods: The study examined retrospective cohorts of 2,719 CDP participants, 12,865 nonparticipant women, and 26,810 men, from the same institutions, with the same degrees, and first years of appointment in rank. Rates of promotion to Associate and Full Professor ranks in respective cohorts of Assistant and of Associate Professors were compared using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and log-rank tests, and logistic regression adjusting for other predictors of academic success. Results: In adjusted analyses, participants were more likely than men and non-participant women to be promoted to Associate Professor and as likely as men and more likely than non-participant women to be promoted to Full Professor within 10 years. Within 5 years, CDP participants were more likely than nonparticipant women to be promoted to Associate Professor and as likely as to be promoted to Full Professor; in the same interval, participants were promoted to both higher ranks at the same rates as men. For both intervals, nonparticipant women were significantly less likely than men to be promoted to either rank. Conclusions: The higher rates of promotion for women participating in national CDPs support the effectiveness of these programs in building capacity for academic medicine.


Asunto(s)
Centros Médicos Académicos/organización & administración , Movilidad Laboral , Docentes Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Desarrollo de Personal , Femenino , Humanos , Liderazgo , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores Sexuales , Estados Unidos
19.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 215(2): 494-501, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348184

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE. Industry relationships drive technologic innovation in interventional radiology and offer opportunities for professional growth. Women are underrepresented in interventional radiology despite the growing recognition of the importance of diversity. This study characterized gender disparities in financial relationships between industry and academic interventional radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this retrospective cross-sectional study, U.S. academic interventional radiology physicians and their academic ranks were identified by searching websites of practices with accredited interventional radiology fellowship programs. Publicly available databases were queried to collect each physician's gender, years since medical school graduation, h-index, academic rank, and industry payments in 2018. Wilcoxon and chi-square tests compared payments between genders. A general linear model assessed the impact of academic rank, years since graduation, gender, and h-index on payments. RESULTS. Of 842 academic interventional radiology physicians, 108 (13%) were women. A total $14,206,599.41 was received by 686 doctors (81%); only $147,975.28 (1%) was received by women. A lower percentage of women (74%) than men (83%) received payments (p = 0.04); median total payments were lower for women ($535) than men ($792) (p = 0.01). Academic rank, h-index, years since graduation, and male gender were independent predictors of higher payments. Industry payments supporting technologic advancement were made exclusively to men. CONCLUSION. Female interventional radiology physicians received fewer and lower industry payments, earning 1% of total payments despite constituting 13% of physicians. Gender independently predicted industry payments, regardless of h-index, academic rank, or years since graduation. Gender disparity in interventional radiology physician-industry relationships warrants further investigation and correction.


Asunto(s)
Docentes Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Industrias/economía , Industrias/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/economía , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Radiología Intervencional/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Distribución por Sexo
20.
Am Surg ; 86(3): 266-272, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223809

RESUMEN

Despite an increase in percentage of women entering the surgical field, women tend to favor certain surgical subspecialties. The purpose of this study was to investigate how surgeons advise trainees in pursuit of a surgical career. An 18-question survey was administered to members of the American College of Surgeons through their monthly newsletter NewScope. Respondents were asked to identify subspecialties that they would consider to be most receptive to men or women and how they would advise men and women pursuing a surgical specialty. There were 663 respondents, of which the majority (n = 465, 70.99%) were male. When asked if participants had a role model in medical school, 61.10 per cent had male role models/mentors, whereas only 7.96 per cent had female role models/mentors. Among the 23 surgical subspecialties listed, the top five specialties viewed as receptive for women were breast surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, plastic surgery, ophthalmology, and GS. Surgical specialty and gender of the respondent played a role in how surgeons advised men and women trainees, especially in specialties that traditionally have less female representation. There is inherent gender-based bias in advisement of trainees that may affect surgical specialty choice. Surgeon gender, age, and surgical specialty could be predictors as to how trainees are advised.


Asunto(s)
Mentores , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Sesgo de Selección , Especialidades Quirúrgicas/educación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Selección de Profesión , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Evaluación de Necesidades , Estados Unidos
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