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Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119225


The article considers the condition of medicine in St. Petersburg in 1827-1828 as presented in memoirs of English physician A. B. Granville about his visiting the capital of Russia. The prominent physician and naturalist, familiar with condition of medicine in main countries of Europe, he provided substantial and objective characteristic of condition of medicine and health care in Russia. This characteristic, coming from independent and competent observer, permits to correct conceptions about condition of Russian medicine during the period when the results of modernization of the Russian Empire of XVIII-early XIX centuries manifested in full measure effecting becoming of Russian school of medicine.

Historia de la Medicina , Médicos , Europa (Continente) , Historia del Siglo XIX , Humanos , Londres , Médicos/historia , Federación de Rusia
JAMA ; 323(3): 285, 2020 01 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961407
World Neurosurg ; 133: 291-301, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627004


Paulus of Aegina (625-690 ad) was the last of the prolific Byzantine physicians. His works consolidated and extended the knowledge of his predecessors, with pioneering efforts to improve the surgical management of spinal injuries. In this article, we review the literature to present an overview of the remarkable evolution of spine surgery throughout classical antiquity. In particular, we discuss the contributions of Paulus to this corpus and explore his classic 7-book anthology, Epitomoe Medicae Libri Septem (Medical Compendium in Seven Books). In reviewing Paulus' legacy, we show the significant milestones in the early development of anatomic and functional knowledge of the spine.

Procedimientos Ortopédicos/historia , Médicos/historia , Columna Vertebral/cirugía , Historia Antigua , Humanos
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(4): 25-27, dic. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087224


Este trabajo científico conmemora al Dr. Pedro Mallo a ciento veinte años de su muerte. Fue un médico militar dinámico e innovador, docente y destacado historiador de la medicina. Realizó importantes contribuciones en el campo de la sanidad militar. (AU)

This work aims to commemorate Dr. Pedro Mallo to his 120 years of his death. He was a clinician, military doctor dynamic and innovative, prominent historian of medicine, teacher. He made contributions in field of military health. (AU)

Historia del Siglo XIX , Médicos/historia , Higiene Militar/historia , Medicina Militar/historia , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/historia , Argentina , Historia de la Medicina
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(4): 28-33, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087227


Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714), médico italiano, es considerado el padre de la medicina del trabajo por su tratado sobre las enfermedades de los trabajadores, publicado en latín hace más de 300 años. Su fecha de nacimiento, 4 de octubre, se ha tomado como el Día de la Medicina del Trabajo. Fue un precursor de la salud pública y de la seguridad y salud laborales. Se recuerda en este artículo la vida y obra de este eminente clínico, que poseía una amplia formación humanística. (AU)

Bernardino Ramazzini (1633-1714), an Italian doctor considered the father of occupational medicine, for his treatise about workers' diseases, published in Latin more than 300 years ago. His date of birth, October 4, is the Day of Occupational Medicine. It was a precursor to public health and occupational health and safety. This article recalls the life and work of this eminent clinician, who had an extensive humanistic training. (AU)

Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Médicos/historia , Salud Laboral/historia , Medicina del Trabajo/historia , Historia de la Medicina , Italia , Enfermedades Profesionales/historia
Mayo Clin Proc ; 94(11): e131-e132, 2019 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685164
JAMA ; 322(18): 1832, 2019 11 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714978
J Hist Med Allied Sci ; 74(4): 369-390, 2019 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592528


Between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the inquiry on miracles in the canonization process reveals a fundamental cooperation between medicine and religion. During the last stage of the trials, theologians, lawyers, and physicians concurred with refined reports to accomplish full analysis of the alleged miracles. The promoter of the faith had the task of doubting the supposed miracle healing on juridical, medical and theological grounds; the lawyer supporting the cause responded to any inconsistency in witnesses' depositions; the physician had the task of finding any natural causes which could lead to a natural recovery of the subject. The interplay of these tripartite disciplines underlies early modern probation of supposed miracles. In this paper I will examine the institutional and cultural consequences of the demand for evidence in canonization trials: on the one hand, the increasing role of medical experts in the assessment of miracles and the friction between them and the other members of the committee; on the other hand, the rise of a new method of inquiry in the legal arena.

Testimonio de Experto , Religión y Medicina , Santos/historia , Europa (Continente) , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Humanos , Abogados/historia , Médicos/historia
Bull Hist Med ; 93(3): 305-334, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631069


Situated on the intersection of medicine and religion, postmortem caesarean sections exposed ideological boundaries in nineteenth-century medicine. According to clerical guidelines circulating in Catholic territories, Catholics who had not necessarily received medical training had to perform operations on deceased women in the absence of medical staff. Most doctors, on the other hand, objected to surgical interventions by unqualified Catholics. This article uses the Belgian debates about the postmortem caesarean section as a means to investigate methods of negotiation between liberal and Catholic doctors. The article analyzes, first, how doctors incorporated religious concerns such as baptism in the medical profession. Second, physicians' strategies to come to a compromise in ideologically diverse settings are examined. Overall, this article casts light on the dynamics of medical debate in times of both ideological rapprochement and polarization.

Catolicismo/historia , Cesárea/historia , Religión y Medicina , Bélgica , Cesárea/ética , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XIX , Humanos , Médicos/ética , Médicos/historia
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626163


The paper presents the creative biography of Professor E.F. Levitsky, a famous Russian scientist, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Director (1990-2009), Principal Researcher, Tomsk Research Institute of Balneology and Physiotherapy, Federal Biomedical Agency of Russia; Head, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiotherapy and Balneology, Faculty for Advanced Training and Professional Retraining of Specialists, Siberian State Medical University (Tomsk) (1995-2012). It reflects the main trends of scientific and social activities of the scientist.

Médicos/historia , Ciencia/historia , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Federación de Rusia
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 44(19): E1159-E1160, 2019 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524840


: Johann Peter Frank (1745-1821) is generally known as one of the founders of the modern Hygiene and Public Health. It is less known his contribution in investigating the pathogenesis of spinal disorders. In his "De Vertebralis Columnae in Morbis Dignitate" (1791), Frank first proposed to use the Latin term "rhachialgia" (back pain) to indicate all the painful states of spine. He focused on the "plethora spinali" in the vessels of the spinal cord and its membrane, sustaining that blood congestion was the origin of all the spinal disorders. He also believed that the excess of blood was able to generate a "diffuse inflammation" of vertebral and medullary structures. The innovative concepts developed by Johann Peter Frank demonstrated that he could be worthily considered as a pioneer in the study of spinal disorders.Level of Evidence: 5.

Dolor de Espalda , Médicos/historia , Enfermedades de la Columna Vertebral , Dolor de Espalda/etiología , Dolor de Espalda/historia , Dolor de Espalda/patología , Dolor de Espalda/fisiopatología , Alemania , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Humanos , Salud Pública/historia , Enfermedades de la Columna Vertebral/etiología , Enfermedades de la Columna Vertebral/historia , Enfermedades de la Columna Vertebral/patología , Enfermedades de la Columna Vertebral/fisiopatología
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(3): 27-33, sept. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045895


A finales del siglo XIX e inicios del siglo XX, Baldomero Sommer realizó una decisiva contribución al conocimiento médico nacional y a los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la medicina.

During the end of the XIX century and the beginning of XX century Baldomero Sommer provided a decisive contribution of the medical knowledge national, the teaching and learning processer of medicine.

Historia del Siglo XIX , Dermatología/educación , Dermatología/historia , Educación Médica/historia , Argentina , Médicos/historia , Sociedades Médicas/historia
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 17(1): 9-18, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315405


Although stethoscope was invented by French physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826) in 1816, its wider clinical application started only after the publication of his book entitled De l'Auscultation Médiate ou Traité, du Diagnostic des Maladies des Poumons et du Coeur in 1819. Its invention coincided with the development of the 'hos-pital medicine' in the post-revolutionary Paris during the first quarter of the 19th century. It has enabled then contemporary physicians to explain the correlation between the patient symptoms and the clinical findings and thus has helped the shift from the humoral pathology towards the solitary pathology.

Médicos/historia , Estetoscopios/historia , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Francia , Historia del Siglo XIX