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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808946

RESUMEN

Bone tissue engineering is a rapidly developing, minimally invasive technique for regenerating lost bone with the aid of biomaterial scaffolds that mimic the structure and function of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Recently, scaffolds made of electrospun fibers have aroused interest due to their similarity to the ECM, and high porosity. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an abundant component of the ECM and an attractive material for use in regenerative medicine; however, its processability by electrospinning is poor, and it must be used in combination with another polymer. Here, we used electrospinning to fabricate a composite scaffold with a core/shell morphology composed of polycaprolactone (PCL) polymer and HA and incorporating a short self-assembling peptide. The peptide includes the arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) motif and supports cellular attachment based on molecular recognition. Electron microscopy imaging demonstrated that the fibrous network of the scaffold resembles the ECM structure. In vitro biocompatibility assays revealed that MC3T3-E1 preosteoblasts adhered well to the scaffold and proliferated, with significant osteogenic differentiation and calcium mineralization. Our work emphasizes the potential of this multi-component approach by which electrospinning, molecular self-assembly, and molecular recognition motifs are combined, to generate a leading candidate to serve as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering.


Asunto(s)
Diferenciación Celular , Ácido Hialurónico/química , Osteoblastos/citología , Osteogénesis , Fragmentos de Péptidos/química , Poliésteres/química , Andamios del Tejido/química , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Proliferación Celular , Ratones
2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117765, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712123

RESUMEN

Chitosan (CS) combined with hydroxyapatite (HA) was injected into a composite braid, and a hierarchical pore structure scaffold was obtained by freeze drying and cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) technology. The CS/HA/braid scaffold with hierarchical pore structure was analyzed and characterized by scanning electronic microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, true color confocal microscopy, improved liquid replacement method, and phosphate buffer solution immersion. The mechanical properties and degradation ability of the scaffold were evaluated through compression test and degradation test. Results showed that HA addition endowed the core of the scaffold with macroscopic pore sizes of 80-180 µm, and CAP treatment endowed the shell of the scaffold with microscopic pore sizes ≤10 µm. All scaffolds exhibited high porosity and swelling rates of ≥80 % and ≥300 %, respectively. The scaffold with a hierarchical pore structure had good mechanical properties and twice the degradation rate. In addition, the treated scaffold precipitated intact spherical HA crystals. Under the synergistic effect of HA and CAP treatment, scaffolds achieved 277.6 % cell viability compared with pure CS scaffold. Overall, this method was feasible for preparing bone scaffolds with hierarchical pore structure for potential bone tissue engineering.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano/química , Durapatita/química , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Andamios del Tejido/química , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Fuerza Compresiva , Liofilización , Ratones , Porosidad
3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117767, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712125

RESUMEN

Wound healing is a dynamic and intricate process, and newly dressings are urgently needed to promote wound healing over the multiple stages. Herein, two water-soluble adenine-modified chitosan (CS-A) derivatives were synthesized in aqueous solutions and freeze-dried to obtain porous sponge-like dressings. The novel derivatives displayed antibacterial activities against S. aureus and E. coli. Moreover, CS-A derivatives demonstrated excellent hemocompatibility and cytocompatibility, as well as promoted the proliferation of the wound cells by shortening the G1 phase and improving DNA duplication efficiency. The ability of CS-A sponges to promote wound healing was studied in a full-thickness skin defect model. The histological analysis and immunohistochemical staining showed that the wounds treated with CS-A sponges displayed fewer inflammatory cells, and faster regeneration of epithelial tissue, collagen deposition and neovascularization. Therefore, CS-A derivatives have potential application in wound dressings and provide new ideas for the design of multifunctional biomaterials.


Asunto(s)
Adenina/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Quitosano/química , Animales , Vendajes , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Puntos de Control del Ciclo Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Liofilización , Masculino , Ratones , Porosidad , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Piel/efectos de los fármacos , Piel/patología , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos
4.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117768, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712126

RESUMEN

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have entered a new stage of development by the recent progress in biology, material sciences, and particularly an emerging additive manufacturing technique, three-dimensional (3D) printing. 3D printing is an advanced biofabrication technique which can generate patient-specific scaffolds with highly complex geometries while hosting cells and bioactive agents to accelerate tissue regeneration. Chitosan hydrogels themselves have been widely used for various biomedical applications due to its abundant availability, structural features and favorable biological properties; however, the 3D printing of chitosan-based hydrogels is still under early exploration. Therefore, 3D printing technologies represent a new avenue to explore the potential application of chitosan as an ink for 3D printing, or as a coating on other 3D printed scaffolds. The combination of chitosan-based hydrogels and 3D printing holds much promise in the development of next generation biomedical implants.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano/química , Hidrogeles/química , Impresión Tridimensional , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Humanos , Medicina Regenerativa , Ingeniería de Tejidos
5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117769, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712127

RESUMEN

Periodontal defect poses a significant challenge in orthopedics. Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) membrane is considered as one of the most successful methods applied to reconstruct alveolar bone and then to achieve periodontal defect repair/regeneration. In this paper, a novel polyamide-6/chitosan@nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide-6 (PA6/CS@n-HA/PA6) bilayered tissue guided membranes by combining a solvent casting and an electrospinning technique was designed. The developed PA6/CS@n-HA/PA6 composites were characterized by a series of tests. The results show that n-HA/PA6 and electrospun PA6/CS layers are tightly bound by molecular interaction and chemical bonding, which enhances the bonding strength between two distinct layers. The porosity and adsorption average pore diameter of the PA6/CS@n-HA/PA6 membranes are 36.90 % and 22.61 nm, respectively. The tensile strength and elastic modulus of PA6/CS@n-HA/PA6 composites are 1.41 ± 0.18 MPa and 7.15 ± 1.09 MPa, respectively. In vitro cell culture studies demonstrate that PA6/CS@n-HA/PA6 bilayered scaffolds have biological safety, good bioactivity, biocompatibility and osteoconductivity.


Asunto(s)
Regeneración Ósea , Caprolactama/análogos & derivados , Quitosano/química , Durapatita/química , Membranas Artificiales , Nanoestructuras/química , Polímeros/química , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Regeneración Ósea/efectos de los fármacos , Caprolactama/química , Adhesión Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Diferenciación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones , Nanofibras/química , Nanoestructuras/toxicidad , Porosidad , Propiedades de Superficie , Resistencia a la Tracción
6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117777, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712133

RESUMEN

The combination of alginate, hyaluronic acid and multivalent ions have been reported to form alginate-hyaluronic acid ionic-crosslinking hydrogels for biomedical applications. However, injectable alginate-hyaluronic acid ionic-crosslinking hydrogels with satisfactory shear-thinning property have rarely been reported. In this study, we successfully developed an ionic-crosslinked alginate-hyaluronic acid hydrogel by simple assembly of alginate-hyaluronic acid mixture and Fe3+ complex. This hydrogel could fully recover within seconds after damaged, while displayed shear thinning behavior and good injectability which were contributed by the reversible and dynamic metal-ligand interactions formed via ferric ions and carboxyl groups of the polymers. Moreover, the local degradation of this hydrogel giving the hydrogel sustained ferric ions release property, of which led to potential long-term antibacterial activities against multiple types of bacteria including gram-negative Escherichia coli and gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, as well as representative oral pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis.


Asunto(s)
Alginatos/química , Antiinfecciosos/química , Compuestos Férricos/química , Ácido Hialurónico/química , Hidrogeles/química , Animales , Antiinfecciosos/farmacología , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Femenino , Compuestos Férricos/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Ratones , Ratones Endogámicos BALB C , Porphyromonas/efectos de los fármacos , Reología , Piel/efectos de los fármacos , Piel/patología , Staphylococcus aureus/efectos de los fármacos , Streptococcus mutans/efectos de los fármacos
7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117780, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712136

RESUMEN

In this study, we prepared a biomimetic hyaluronic acid oligosaccharides (oHAs)-based composite scaffold to develop a bone tissue-engineered scaffold for stimulating osteogenesis and endothelialization. The functional oHAs products were firstly synthesized, namely collagen/hyaluronic acid oligosaccharides/hydroxyapatite (Col/oHAs/HAP), chitosan/hyaluronic acid oligosaccharides (CTS/oHAs), and then uniformly distributed in poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) solution followed by freeze-drying to obtain three-dimensional interconnected scaffolds as temporary templates for bone regeneration. The morphology, physicochemical properties, compressive strength, and degradation behavior of the fabricated scaffolds, as well as in vitro cell responses seeded on these scaffolds and in vivo biocompatibility, were investigated to evaluate the potential for bone tissue engineering. The results indicated that the oHAs-based scaffolds can promote the attachment of endothelial cells, facilitate the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 and BMSCs, and have ideal biocompatibility and tissue regenerative capacity, suggesting their potential to serve as alternative candidates for bone tissue engineering applications.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Quitosano/química , Colágeno/química , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Diferenciación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Línea Celular , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Durapatita/química , Ácido Hialurónico/química , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/citología , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , Ratones , Oligosacáridos/química , Osteoblastos/citología , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteogénesis/efectos de los fármacos , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico-Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Andamios del Tejido/química
8.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 2013-2044, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727812

RESUMEN

Background: Sulpiride (SUL), is a selective antidopaminergic drug that had extensive biological activities. However, its sparingly aqueous solubility and limited gastrointestinal permeability lead to scanty oral bioavailability which hinders its clinical efficacy. Objective: SUL-loaded lipospheres (SUL-LPS) were designed to serve as an oral biocompatible nanovector for improving SUL permeability as well as conquering its low oral absorption and then in turn enhancing its antidepressant action. Methods: SUL-LPS were fabricated via two processing techniques namely, melt emulsification and solvent evaporation. The impact of different lipid cores, phospholipid shells together with various surfactant concentrations and types on the lipospheres properties were screened. Detailed physicochemical elucidations were performed followed by ex vivo permeation appraisal using the non-everted intestine model. The pharmacokinetic parameters of SUL-LPS, free SUL and marketed product were assessed following oral administration to healthy rats. Reserpine-induced depression rat model was used to assess the antidepressant action of SUL-LPS on which full behavioural and biochemical analysis was conducted. Safety attributes of nanoencapsulated SUL on the brain and other internal organs were evaluated. Results: The optimum LPS revealed an excellent nanosize with a narrow PdI, negative zeta potential and acceptable entrapment efficiency of 68.62 nm, 0.242, -30.4 mV and 84.12%, respectively. SUL-LPS showed a sustained release pattern and 2.1-fold enhancement in the intestinal permeation parameters with low mucin interaction. Oral pharmacokinetic appraisal exhibited that LPS provided 3.4-fold improvement in SUL oral bioavailability together with long-circulating properties, relative to the free drug. Pharmacodynamic study confirmed the superior antidepressant action of SUL-LPS as evident by 1.6 and 1.25-fold elevation in the serotonin and dopamine expressions, respectively. Meanwhile, nanotoxicological appraisal proved the biocompatibility of SUL-LPS upon repetitive oral administration. Conclusion: Rationally designed lipospheres hold promising in vitro and in vivo characteristics for efficient delivery of SUL with high oral bioavailability, antidepressant activity together with a good safety profile.


Asunto(s)
Antidepresivos/farmacología , Lípidos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Sulpirida/administración & dosificación , Sulpirida/farmacología , Administración Oral , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Disponibilidad Biológica , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Composición de Medicamentos , Liberación de Fármacos , Liofilización , Masculino , Mucinas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestructura , Neurotransmisores/metabolismo , Especificidad de Órganos/efectos de los fármacos , Tamaño de la Partícula , Permeabilidad , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Ratas Wistar , Sulpirida/química , Sulpirida/farmacocinética , Porcinos
9.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Feb 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668087

RESUMEN

Stereolithography is a useful additive manufacturing technique for the production of scaffolds for tissue engineering. Here we present a tuneable, easy-to-manufacture, photocurable resin for use in stereolithography, based on the widely used biomaterial, poly(caprolactone) (PCL). PCL triol was methacrylated to varying degrees and mixed with photoinitiator to produce a photocurable prepolymer resin, which cured under UV light to produce a cytocompatible material. This study demonstrates that poly(caprolactone) methacrylate (PCLMA) can be produced with a range of mechanical properties and degradation rates. By increasing the degree of methacrylation (DM) of the prepolymer, the Young's modulus of the crosslinked PCLMA could be varied from 0.12-3.51 MPa. The accelerated degradation rate was also reduced from complete degradation in 17 days to non-significant degradation in 21 days. The additive manufacturing capabilities of the resin were demonstrated by the production of a variety of different 3D structures using micro-stereolithography. Here, ß-carotene was used as a novel, cytocompatible photoabsorber and enabled the production of complex geometries by giving control over cure depth. The PCLMA presented here offers an attractive, tuneable biomaterial for the production of tissue engineering scaffolds for a wide range of applications.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Poliésteres/química , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Estereolitografía , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Andamios del Tejido/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/síntesis química , Estructura Molecular , Procesos Fotoquímicos , Poliésteres/síntesis química , Resinas Sintéticas/síntesis química , beta Caroteno/química
10.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Feb 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668154

RESUMEN

More than 200,000 people are suffering from Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) related injuries each year in the US. There is an unmet clinical demand for improving biological attachment between grafts and the host tissue in addition to providing mechanical support. For biological graft integration, it is important to provide a physiologically feasible environment for the host cells to enable them to perform their duties. However, behavior of cells during ACL healing and the mechanism of ACL healing is not fully understood partly due to the absence of appropriate environment to test cell behavior both in vitro and in vivo. This study aims at (i) investigating the change in fibril diameter of bovine ACL tissue upon injury and (ii) fabricating nanofiber-based scaffolds to represent the morphology and structure of healthy and injured ACL tissues. We hypothesized that distribution and mean diameter of ACL fibrils will be altered upon injury. Findings revealed that the collagen fibril diameter distribution of bovine ACL changed from bimodal to unimodal upon injury with subsequent decrease in mean diameter. Polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold fiber diameter distribution exhibited similar bimodal and unimodal distribution behavior to qualitatively represent the cases of healthy and injured ACL, respectively. The native ACL tissue demonstrated comparable modulus values only with the aligned bimodal PCL scaffolds. There was significant difference between mechanical properties of aligned bimodal and unaligned unimodal PCL scaffolds. We believe that the results obtained from measurements of diameter of collagen fibrils of native bovine ACL tissue can serve as a benchmark for scaffold design.


Asunto(s)
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/efectos de los fármacos , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Nanoestructuras/química , Poliésteres/química , Andamios del Tejido/química , Animales , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patología , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Bovinos , Colágeno/química , Tamaño de la Partícula , Propiedades de Superficie
11.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Feb 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668167

RESUMEN

Jussara pulp (Euterpe edulis Mart.) is rich in bioactive compounds known to be protective mediators against several diseases. In this context, nevertheless, anthocyanins, the most abundant natural pigment in jussara, are sensitive to temperature, pH, oxygen, and light conditions, leading to instability during food storage or digestion, and, thus jeopardizing the antioxidant proprieties retained by these flavonoids and limiting industrial application of the pulp. The production of nanostructures, from synthetic and natural polymers, containing natural matrices rich in bioactive compounds, has been widely studied, providing satisfactory results in the conservation and maintenance of the stability of these compounds. The current work aimed to compare uniaxial and coaxial electrospinning operation modes to produce core-shell jussara pulp nanofibers (NFs). Additionally, the parameters employed in the electrospinning processes were optimize using response surface methodology in an attempt to solve stability issues for the bioactive compounds. The best experimental conditions provided NFs with diameters ranging between 110.0 ± 47 and 121.1 ± 54 nm. Moreover, the coaxial setup improved jussara pulp NF formation, while further allowing greater integrity of NFs structures.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Euterpe/química , Nanofibras/química , Brasil , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Tamaño de la Partícula , Propiedades de Superficie
12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117806, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712152

RESUMEN

Chitin-encapsulated cadmium sulfide quantum dots (CdS@CTN QDs) were successfully synthesized from chitin and Cd(NO3)2 precursor using the colloidal chemistry method, toward the development of biocompatible and biodegradable QDs for biomedical applications. CdS@CTN QDs exhibited the nanocrystalline cubic CdS encapsulated by α-chitin. The average particle size of CdS@CTN QDs was estimated using empirical Henglein model to be 3.9 nm, while their crystallite size was predicted using Scherrer equation to be 4.3 nm, slightly larger compared to 3-mercaptopropionic acid-capped CdS QDs (3.2 and 3.6 nm, respectively). The mechanism of formation was interpreted based on the spectroscopic data and X-ray crystal structures of CdS@CTN QDs fabricated at different pH values and mass ratios of chitin to Cd(NO3)2 precursor. As an important step to explore potential biomolecular and biological applications of CdS@CTN QDs, their antibacterial activities were tested against four different bacterial strains; i.e. Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtillus, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Quitina/química , Puntos Cuánticos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Compuestos de Cadmio/química , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Tamaño de la Partícula , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efectos de los fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efectos de los fármacos , Sulfuros/química
13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 260: 117808, 2021 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712154

RESUMEN

In the present study, a novel synthetic tissue adhesive material capable of sealing wounds without the use of any crosslinking agent was developed by conjugating thermosensitive hexanoyl glycol chitosan (HGC) with gallic acid (GA). The degree of N-gallylation was manipulated to prepare GA-HGCs with different GA contents. GA-HGCs demonstrated thermosensitive sol-gel transition behavior and formed irreversible hydrogels upon natural oxidation of the pyrogallol moieties in GA, possibly leading to GA-HGC crosslinks through intra/intermolecular hydrogen bonding and chemical bonds. The GA-HGC hydrogels exhibited self-healing properties, high compressive strength, strong tissue adhesive strength and biodegradability that were adjustable according to the GA content. GA-HGCs also presented excellent biocompatibility and wound healing effects. The results of in vivo wound healing efficacy studies on GA-HGC hydrogels indicated that they significantly promote wound closure and tissue regeneration by upregulating growth factors and recruiting fibroblasts compared to the untreated control group.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Quitosano/química , Ácido Gálico/química , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Fuerza Compresiva , Hidrogeles/química , Hidrogeles/farmacología , Reología , Porcinos , Adhesivos Tisulares/química , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(4)2021 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668676

RESUMEN

Biopolymer composites based on silk fibroin have shown widespread potential due to their brilliant applications in tissue engineering, medicine and bioelectronics. In our present work, biocomposite nanofilms with different special topologies were obtained through blending silk fibroin with crystallizable poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) at various mixture rates using a stirring-reflux condensation blending method. The microstructure, phase components, and miscibility of the blended films were studied through thermal analysis in combination with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and Raman analysis. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope were also used for advanced structural analysis. Furthermore, their conformation transition, interaction mechanism, and thermal stability were also discussed. The results showed that the hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions existed between silk fibroin (SF) and PLLA polymer chains in the blended films. The secondary structures of silk fibroin and phase components of PLLA in composites vary at different ratios of silk to PLLA. The ß-sheet content increased with the increase of the silk fibroin content, while the glass transition temperature was raised mainly due to the rigid amorphous phase presence in the blended system. This results in an increase in thermal stability in blended films compared to the pure silk fibroin films. This study provided detailed insights into the influence of synthetic polymer phases (crystalline, rigid amorphous, and mobile amorphous) on protein secondary structures through blending, which has direct applications on the design and fabrication of novel protein-synthetic polymer composites for the biomedical and green chemistry fields.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Fibroínas/química , Membranas Artificiales , Nanocompuestos/química , Poliésteres/química
15.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 1743-1755, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688189

RESUMEN

Background: As a therapeutic target for cancer treatment, HSP90 has been explored extensively. However, the significant side effects of the HSP90 inhibitor 17AAG have limited its clinical use. Methods: In this study, we used hyaluronic acid (HA)-decorated DOTAP-PLGA hybrid nanoparticles (HA-DOTAP-PLGA NPs) as 17AAG-delivery carriers for targeted colon cancer therapy. Results: Different methods were used to characterize the successful fabrication of these hybrid PLGA NPs. Our results demonstrated that internalization of HA-NPs in colon cancer cells was governed by CD44receptor-mediated endocytosis. Annexin V-propidium iodide staining experiments revealed that cell apoptosis induced by HA-NPs-17AAG in colon cancer cells was more efficient than free 17AAG. In two animal models used to screen anticancer efficacy (Luc-HT29 subcutaneous xenograft and AOM/DSS-induced orthotopic tumor model), HA-NPs-17AAG significantly inhibited xenograft and orthotopic tumor growth, demonstrating HA-NPs-17AAG had much better therapeutic efficiency than free 17AAG. It is worth noting that great biocompatibility of HA-DOTAP-PLGA NPs was observed both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusion: Our research offers a preclinical proof of concept for colon cancer therapy with DOTAP-PLGA NPs as a creative drug-delivery system.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias del Colon/tratamiento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberación de Medicamentos , Proteínas HSP90 de Choque Térmico/antagonistas & inhibidores , Ácido Hialurónico/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animales , Antineoplásicos/farmacología , Apoptosis/efectos de los fármacos , Benzoquinonas/farmacología , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Línea Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias del Colon/patología , Endocitosis/efectos de los fármacos , Ácidos Grasos Monoinsaturados/química , Fluorescencia , Proteínas HSP90 de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuranos/metabolismo , Lactamas Macrocíclicas/farmacología , Ratones , Nanopartículas/administración & dosificación , Nanopartículas/ultraestructura , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico-Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario/química , Tejido Subcutáneo/efectos de los fármacos , Tejido Subcutáneo/patología
16.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117501, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673978

RESUMEN

The study's purpose was to fabricate a 3-D porous scaffold, in which chitosan was coated onto the pore wall of polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds as a bioactive agent to maximize the cell recognition signals, to improve the osteoconductivity of the scaffolds. The pppporogen leaching technique has been modified and used in the fabrication process, comprising of the coating of chitosan over the porogen followed by transferring of coating to the pore wall of the PCL scaffold. The cytotoxicity and hemolysis results indicated chitosan's presence over the surface of the scaffold's pore walls has significantly enhanced its biocompatibility. Scaffolds coated with 2.5 %(w/v) chitosan shows 6.74 % increase in porosity and 207.96 % upsurge in mechanical strength, compared to PCL scaffolds. The Gene-expression also proves the study groups of scaffolds show the minimal osteogenic expression. Therefore, chitosan coating over the scaffold's pore wall's surface opens an unconventional approach for tissue engineering applications.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano/química , Poliésteres/química , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Andamios del Tejido/química , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Adhesión Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Diferenciación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Fuerza Compresiva , Eritrocitos/citología , Eritrocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Eritrocitos/metabolismo , Regulación de la Expresión Génica/efectos de los fármacos , Hemólisis , Humanos , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/citología , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo , Microesferas , Osteogénesis/efectos de los fármacos , Parafina/química , Porosidad , Ratas
17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117640, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673981

RESUMEN

In this study, the electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/Chitosan (CS)/curcumin (CUR) nanofiber was fabricated successfully with curcumin loaded chitosan nano-encapsulated particles (CURCSNPs). The morphology of the produced CURCSNPs, PCL, PCL/CS, PCL/CS/CUR, and PCL/CS/CUR electrosprayed with CURCSNPs were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The physicochemical properties and biological characteristics of fabricated nanofibers such as antibacterial, antioxidant, cell viability, and in vivo wound healing efficiency and histological assay were tested. The electrospraying of CURCSNPs on surface PCL/CS/CUR nanofiber resulted in the enhanced antibacterial, antioxidant, cell proliferation efficiencies and higher swelling and water vapor transition rates. In vivo examination and Histological analysis showed PCL/CS/CUR electrosprayed with CURCSNPs led to significant improvement of complete well-organized wound healing process in MRSA infected wounds. These results suggest that the application of PCL/CS/CUR electrosprayed with CURCSNPs as a wound dressing significantly facilitates wound healing with notable antibacterial, antioxidant, and cell proliferation properties.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano/química , Curcumina/química , Nanofibras/química , Nanopartículas/química , Poliésteres/química , Cicatrización de Heridas , Animales , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacología , Antioxidantes/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Línea Celular , Proliferación Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Escherichia coli/efectos de los fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente a Meticilina/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones , Nanopartículas/toxicidad , Resistencia a la Tracción , Cicatrización de Heridas/efectos de los fármacos
18.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117707, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673987

RESUMEN

Chitin hydrogels have multiple advantages of nontoxicity, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and three-dimensional hydrophilic polymer network structure similar to the macromolecular biological tissue. However, the mechanical strength of chitin hydrogels is relatively weak. Construction of chitin hydrogels with high mechanical strength and good biocompatibility is essential for the successful applications in biomedical field. Herein, we developed double crosslinked chitin hydrogels by dissolving chitin in KOH/urea aqueous solution with freezing-thawing process, then using KH560 as cross-linking agent and coagulating in ethanol solution at low temperature. The obtained chitin/ KH560 (CK) hydrogels displayed good transparency and toughness with compressed nanofibrous network and porous structure woven with chitin nanofibers. Moreover, the optimal CK hydrogels exhibited excellent mechanical properties (σb = 1.92 ± 0.21 Mpa; εb = 71 ± 5 %), high swelling ratio, excellent blood compatibility, biocompatibility and biodegradability, which fulfill the requirements of biomedical materials and showing potential applications in biomedicine.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Quitina/química , Reactivos de Enlaces Cruzados/química , Hidrogeles/química , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Línea Celular , Supervivencia Celular/efectos de los fármacos , Fuerza Compresiva , Eritrocitos/citología , Eritrocitos/efectos de los fármacos , Eritrocitos/metabolismo , Hemólisis/efectos de los fármacos , Ratones , Nanofibras/química , Porosidad , Conejos
19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117710, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673989

RESUMEN

Harmful algal blooms induce severe environmental problems. It is challenging to remove algae by the current available treatments involving complicate process and costly instruments. Here, we developed a CaO2@PEG-loaded water-soluble self-branched chitosan (CP-SBC) system, which can remove algae from water in one-step without additional instrumentation. This approach utilizes a novel flocculant (self-branched chitosan) integrated with flotation function (induced by CaO2@PEG). CP-SBC exhibited better flocculation performance than commercial flocculants, which is attributed to the enhanced bridging and sweeping effect of branched chitosan. CP-SBC demonstrated outstanding biocompatibility, which was verified by zebrafish test and algae activity test. CaO2@PEG-loaded self-branched chitosan can serve as an "Air flotation system" to spontaneous float the flocs after flocculation by sustainably released O2. Furthermore, CP-SBC can improve water quality through minimizing dissolved oxygen depletion and reducing total phosphorus concentrations.


Asunto(s)
Quitosano/química , Floraciones de Algas Nocivas/fisiología , Animales , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Compuestos de Calcio/química , Floculación/efectos de los fármacos , Floraciones de Algas Nocivas/efectos de los fármacos , Cinética , Larva/efectos de los fármacos , Óxidos/química , Oxígeno/química , Fósforo/química , Polietilenglicoles/química , Porosidad , Pez Cebra/crecimiento & desarrollo , Pez Cebra/fisiología
20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117735, 2021 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673996

RESUMEN

This review examines investigations into the functionalization of polysaccharides by substituents containing multiple (CC) bonds and thiol (SH) groups that are prone to (co)polymerization in the presence of thermal, redox and photoinitiators or Michael addition reactions. A comparative analysis of the approaches to grafting the mentioned substituents onto the polysaccharide macromolecules was conducted. The use of the modified polysaccharides for the design of the 3D structures, including for the development of the pore bearing matrixes of cells or scaffolds utilized in regenerative medicine was examined. These modified polymers were also examined toward the design of excipient matrixes in pharmacological compositions, including with controllable release of active pharmaceuticals, as wel as of antibacterial and antifungal agents and others. In addition, a few examples of the use of modified derivatives in other areas are given.


Asunto(s)
Polisacáridos/química , Compuestos de Sulfhidrilo/química , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Hidrogeles/química , Medicina Regenerativa
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