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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225263, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1369650

RESUMEN

Aim: This study was fulfilled to evaluate the flexural strength, micro-hardness, and release of two fluoride ions of bioactive restorative materials (Cention N and Activa Bioactive), a resin modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC), and a resin composite (Filtek z250). Methods: Forty samples from four restorative materials (Activa Bioactive, Fuji II LC, Cention N, and Filtek Z250) were provided according to the current standards of ISO 4049/2000 guide lines. Subsequently, the samples were stored for 24 hours and 6 months in artificial saliva, and successively, flexural strength and micro-hardness of the samples were measured. For each studied groups the pH was decreased from 6.8 to 4 in storage solution. The rate of changes in fluoride ion release was measured after three different storage periods of 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 months in distilled water, according to the previous studies' method. Two-way ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD Pair wise comparisons, and independent t-tests were used to analyze data (α= 0.05). Results: The highest flexural strength and surface micro-hardness after 24 hours and also after 6 month were observed for Cention N(p<0.001).Flexural strength of all samples stored for 6 months was significantly lower than the samples stored for 24 hours(p<0.001). The accumulative amount of the released fluoride ion in RMGI, after six-month storage period in distilled water was considerably higher (p<0.001) than 24 hours and 48 hours storage. The amount of fluoride ion release with increasing acidity of the environment (from pH 6.8 to 4) in Fuji II LC glass ionomer was higher than the bioactive materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The flexural strength of RMGI was increased after storage against the Activa Bioactive,Cention N and Z250 composite. Storage of restorative materials in artificial saliva leads to a significant reduction in micro hardness. The behavior and amount of released fluoride ions in these restorative materials, which are stored in an acidic environment, were dependent on the type of restorative material


Asunto(s)
Saliva Artificial , Ensayo de Materiales , Materiales Dentales , Fenómenos Físicos
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225334, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1384158

RESUMEN

Aim This study aimed to analyze the influence of finishing and polishing (F/P) protocols on resin surface through roughness (Ra) values and laser scan microscopy observations. Methods Forty-eight (n=48) resin specimens were sorted into four groups (n=12), according to the type of resin used: Filtek Z250 (Z250), Filtek Z350 (Z350), Filtek One Bulk Fill (BF), Filtek P60 (P60). The specimens were sorted into six groups according to the type of F/P system used (n=2/group): Control group, Diamond bur (KG Sorensen), Soflex Pop-On Discs (3M ESPE), Soflex Spiral (3M ESPE), Dura Gloss (American Burs), and Praxis (TDV). Results The highest roughness values (Ra) were attributed to BF group for all F/P systems, except for the Soft-Lex PopOn discs. The Soft-Lex PopOn, Spiral, and Praxis discs presented a better performance for the surface treatment of the tested composite resins. Regardless of the restorative material, the use of diamond bur or single-step abrasive rubber (Dura Gloss) were associated with the highest Ra values. Conclusion The effect of F/P systems on Ra is material-dependent and instrument or system-dependent.


Asunto(s)
Microscopía Confocal , Resinas Compuestas , Materiales Dentales , Pulido Dental
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e227878, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1384155

RESUMEN

Aim Assessing the intracoronal bleaching effectiveness of an experimental chlorine dioxide product, based on the walking bleach technique. Methods Extracted bovine incisors were artificially stained with bovine blood and filled with zinc phosphate cement at cementoenamel junction level. Teeth were divided into 3 groups (n=10): (SP) sodium perborate added with distilled water, (CD) chlorine dioxide and (C) control - dry cotton inserted into the pulp chamber. Bleaching agents were used at 0, 7 and 14 days. VITA Easyshadetm (∆Eab) was used to analyze tooth color at the 7th, 14th and 21st days, based on the CIE2000 system. Data were analyzed through ANOVA and Tukey's test. Results There were no statistically significant differences in Δb, ΔE, ΔE00 and ΔWID between CD and the control group. These parameters have shown significant differences between CD and SP, which differed from the control. However, they did not show significant differences either in the control group or in CD at the 7th, 14th and 21st days. Values recorded for SP at the 7th day differed from those recorded at the 14th and 21st days. Δa has shown differences within the same group at the 7th, 14th and 21st days. There was no difference between groups, when they were compared at the same day (7th and 14th). The control group differed from SP at the 21st day. CD did not differ from the other two groups. ΔL did not show differences between groups and times. Conclusion Stabilized chlorine dioxide (0.07%, at pH 3.5) should not be used as intracoronal bleaching agent along with the walking bleach technique.


Asunto(s)
Blanqueamiento de Dientes , Boratos , Compuestos de Cloro , Materiales Dentales , Dióxido de Cloro
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e228852, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1392917

RESUMEN

Aim: To evaluate the occlusal and internal marginal adaptation of inlay restorations made of different materials, using CAD-CAM. Methods: Preparations were made for MOD inlays of one-third intercuspal width and 4 mm depth in 30 third human molars. The teeth were restored using CAD-CAM materials (n=10) of nanoceramic resin (Lava Ultimate), polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (VITA ENAMIC), or lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS e.max CAD). The specimens were cemented with dual resin cement and sectioned at the center of the restoration, after which the two halves were evaluated, and photographed The occlusal and internal discrepancy (µm) was determined at five points: cavosurface angle of the occlusal-facial wall (CA-O); center of the facial wall (FW); faciopulpal angle (FPA); center of the pulpal wall (PW); and center of the lingual wall (LW). The data were submitted to the Kruskal-Wallis and the Dunn tests (α=0.05). Results: No difference was observed among the materials regarding the occlusal discrepancy at the CA-O, FPA, or PW internal points. The e.max CAD measurement at FW showed larger internal discrepancy than that of Lava (p=0.02). The internal discrepancy at LW was greater for e.max CAD than VITA ENAMIC (p=0.02). Conclusion: Lithium disilicate glass-ceramic presented greater internal discrepancy in relation to the surrounding walls of the inlay preparations


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Materiales Dentales , Incrustaciones
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 392, 2022 09 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088325

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The structure of bulk-fill resin composites differs from that of their conventional counterparts, but how this difference affects the color stability of the former after staining and bleaching is unclear. Accordingly, this study was aimed at investigating color change in nine bulk-fill resin composites and one nanohybrid resin composite treated with hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide after staining with tea, coffee, and red wine. METHODS: Eighty specimens were prepared from each resins [Clearfil Majesty Posterior (CMP), SDR flow+ (SDR), FiltekTMBulk-Fill Flowable Restorative (FBF), Reveal HD Bulk (RHD), Beautifil-Bulk Restorative (BBR), Tetric EvoCeram® Bulk Fill (TEC), SonicFill™2 (SF2), everX Posterior™ (eXP), X-tra base (XB), and Venus® Bulk Fill (VBF)]. Following baseline color measurements, the specimens were randomly divided into 4 groups according to immersion solutions and distilled water as the control. At the end of a 30-day test period, color measurements were repeated, and color change values (∆E00) were calculated. Each resin group was then divided into 2 subgroups (with 10 specimens per group) on the basis of bleaching agent (Opalescence Boost 40%, Opalescence PF 16%). Following bleaching application, ∆E00 and changes of whiteness (∆WID1 = WIDbleaching-WIDbaseline, ΔWID2 = WIDbleaching-WIDstaining) values were recorded. Two- and three-way analyses of variance and Tukey's post hoc test were performed, with a P < 0.05 regarded as indicative of significance. RESULTS: After immersion in distilled water, tea, and red wine, the highest ΔE00 values were observed in eXP (P < 0.05). Resin materials immersed in coffee and tea exhibited statistically higher ∆E00 values than those immersed in red wine except for eXP, TEC, and FBF (P < 0.05). For eXP, the highest ∆E00 values were recorded in distilled water. For TEC and FBF, there was no statistically significant difference among the immersion solutions and distilled water (P > 0.05). For all the resins and staining beverages, no statistically significant difference in ∆WID1 and ∆WID2 values were detected between bleaching agents (P > 0.05). All the ΔWID1 values were above the whiteness perceptibility threshold. CONCLUSION: The bulk-fill materials were more resistant to discoloration and bleaching procedures than the conventional resin composites. Coffee and tea caused more staining than distilled water and red wine generally. The type of bleaching procedure had no effect on the whiteness of the tested materials.


Asunto(s)
Café , Materiales Dentales , Materiales Dentales/química , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , , Agua/química
6.
Int J Prosthodont ; 35(4): 387-395, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125867

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of single implants with titanium (Ti) or zirconia (Zr) abutments after up to 5 years in function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis on single implants with screw-retained abutments (Zr or Ti) covered with porcelain veneer placed between 2011 and 2013 at one referral specialist clinic. Clinical data from patient records were collected from 132 patients and 174 implants. Technical complications such as fractures, chipping, and abutment screw loosening were registered. Radiographs were analyzed comparing both annual bone loss and accumulated bone loss at 5 years. In 57 patients with 85 implants, the values of accumulated bone loss at 5 years were compared to baseline. RESULTS: Technical complications occurred in 16 (9%) of the implants, most often during the first year. The following complications were found: fracture of the abutment (n = 1); loosening of the abutment screws (n = 5); and chipping of the porcelain veneer (n = 11). Ti abutments had more complications than Zr abutments (79%). Of all the implants, 45% had an annual bone loss ranging between 0.05 and 2.15 mm, and 59% had an accumulated bone loss at 5 years ranging between 0.05 and 4.25 mm. Zr abutments had a statistically significantly higher amount of yearly and accumulated bone loss at 5 years. CONCLUSION: Abutment material affected marginal bone loss. The Zr group displayed statistically more bone loss both yearly and after 5 years compared to the Ti group. Technical complications were not affected by abutment material but were affected by age of the patient.


Asunto(s)
Porcelana Dental , Titanio , Coronas , Pilares Dentales , Materiales Dentales , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Circonio
7.
Int J Prosthodont ; 35(4): 460-468, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125870

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different luting techniques on the shear bond strength (SBS) of ultra-translucent multi-layered zirconia (UTML) after 24 hours and 1 year of water storage and to analyze the influence of primers on the wettability of the UTML MTU-6 surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four commercial resin cements were evaluated: Variolink Esthetic LC (Ivoclar Vivadent); RelyX Ultimate (3M); Estecem II (Tokuyama); and Panavia V5 (Kuraray Noritake). Panavia V5 was tested with and without Panavia V5 Tooth Primer (Kuraray Noritake). The SBS immediately after cement/primer application and after aging, scanning electron microscopy of the surfaces, and the contact angle of the primers on the UTML surfaces were analyzed. RESULTS: At 24 hours, Panavia V5 with Tooth Primer exhibited the highest SBS. After 1 year, the SBS of Variolink Esthetic LC and Panavia V5 with Tooth Primer decreased, and RelyX Ultimate increased. There was no statistical difference between RelyX Ultimate and Panavia V5 with Tooth Primer at 1 year. For all groups, the rate of adhesive failures increased after 1 year. The highest contact angle was observed on the control (no primer) group, and the lowest contact angles were obtained when the YSZ surface was treated with Scotchbond Universal and the combination of Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus and Tooth Primer. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should prefer 10-MDP-based cementation systems that can be properly polymerized to achieve a stable long-term bond strength to YSZ restorations. Also, the use of ceramic primers improves the capability of the cement to establish an intimate contact with the intaglio of the restoration.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Cementos de Resina , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Cementos Dentales/química , Materiales Dentales , Cementos de Resina/química , Agua , Circonio/química
8.
Int J Prosthodont ; 35(4): 487-493, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125873

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different cavity designs and cement types on the fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia inlay-retained fixed dental prostheses (IRFDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four study models consisting of a second premolar, a missing first molar, and a second molar were used for the different cavity designs. Four different inlay cavity designs were prepared: DO-MO (disto-occlusal-mesio-occlusal cavity), MOD-MOD (mesio-occlusodistal-mesio-occlusodistal cavity), WDO-WMO (DO-MO with additional wings), and WMOD-WMOD (MOD-MOD with additional wings). A total of 64 epoxy resin models were produced and scanned individually. IRFDPs were then fabricated from monolithic zirconia using CAD/ CAM software. The bonding surface of the IRFDPs was airborne particle abraded (50-µm alumina/2 MPa), then cemented onto the epoxy resin models using two cementation protocols (n = 8 per group): (1) P = cemented with Panavia SA Cement Plus Automix; and (2) Z/C = cemented with MDP-containing primer (Z-Prime Plus) combined with Calibra Universal resin cement. All IRFDPs were fatigued through thermal aging (6,000 cycles/5°C to 55°C) and chewing simulations (600,000 cycles × 50-N load, 2.1 Hz). All IRFDPs were then subjected to a fracture resistance test using a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0.2 mm/minute. Data were statistically analyzed using one- and two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni multiple comparisons test (P = .001). RESULTS: The mean fracture load (N) of the designs were as follows: WMODWMOD = 1,111.1; WDO-WMO = 1,057.4; MOD-MOD = 725.6; DO-MO = 682.7. According to two-way ANOVA, the differences among the cavity designs were statistically significant (P < .05). CONCLUSION: The cavity design of IRFDPs affected the fracture resistance. However, the fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia IRFDPs with any cavity design was enough to withstand expected posterior chewing forces.


Asunto(s)
Incrustaciones , Cementos de Resina , Óxido de Aluminio , Cementos Dentales , Materiales Dentales , Resinas Epoxi , Circonio
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 334, 2022 08 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941628

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: It has been claimed that an alkasite restorative material can neutralize acids produced by cariogenic bacteria from released hydrogen ions and enable to remineralization via calcium and fluoride ions. However, there is no evidence to support this assertion. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the effect of the alkasite restorative material on the pH of Streptococcus mutans biofilm and dentin hardness. METHODS: Streptococcus mutans biofilms were formed on Filtek™ Z350 (FZ, a resin composite) and Cention® N (CN, the alkasite restorative material) and their pH determined after 24 h. Hydroxide, fluoride, and calcium-ions released from the materials were determined at 6 h, 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days. Dentin specimens were prepared from 14 human molars and divided into four quadrants. Quadrant 1 was a sound dentin control, quadrants 2-4 were chemically demineralized, and a cylinder of FZ and CN placed on the surfaces of quadrants 2 and 4, respectively. The microhardness of quadrants 1 and 3 were measured at depths of 20, 40, and 60 µm from the occlusal surface, and similarly of quadrants 2 and 4, after 30 days. Independent t-test, Mann-Whitney-U, and repeated-measure-ANOVA were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The pH of biofilm on CN (4.45) was significantly higher (p < 0.05) than that on FZ (4.06). The quantity of all ions released from CN was significantly higher than from FZ. The hardness of demineralized dentin under CN was significantly higher than that of demineralized dentin at all depths, and higher than that of demineralized dentin under FZ at 20 and 40 µm. CONCLUSIONS: CN released hydroxide, fluoride, and calcium ions, which was associated with raising the biofilm pH and the hardness of demineralized dentin. All results indicated that CN had the potential to reduce the incidence of secondary caries.


Asunto(s)
Fluoruros , Streptococcus mutans , Biopelículas , Calcio , Materiales Dentales , Dentina , Fluoruros/farmacología , Humanos , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Hidróxidos/farmacología
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 360, 2022 08 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989324

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Recently, the application of bulk-fill composite resins has increased significantly. Attrition wear and the consequently increased surface roughness of composite resins are among the causes of restoration failure in the posterior teeth. This study aimed to compare the attrition wear and surface roughness of four types of bulk-fill composite resins compared to a conventional composite resin. METHODS: EverX-Posterior, X-tra fil, SonicFill 2, and Filtek Bulk-Fill composites (bulk-fill) and Z250 composite (conventional resin composite) were evaluated. Thirty cylindrical specimens (n = 6) were weighed and monitored for 24 h until their weight was stabilized. The primary surface roughness of the specimens was measured by a profilometer. The specimens were then subjected to attrition wear in a chewing simulator. Next, the specimens were weighed, and the surface roughness was measured again. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test at P < 0.05 significance level. RESULTS: According to one-way ANOVA, the difference in weight loss was significant among the groups (P = 0.004) but the difference in surface roughness of the groups was not significant after the attrition wear (P > 0.05). Tukey's post-hoc test showed that the weight loss of bulk-fill composites was not significantly different from that of Z250 conventional composite after the attrition wear (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, it appears that the tested bulk-fill composite resins are comparable to the conventional composite regarding their attrition wear, increased surface roughness, and weight loss.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Materiales Dentales , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Propiedades de Superficie , Pérdida de Peso
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044698

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of various titanium and zirconia polishing protocols on the colonization of oral bacteria. Titanium and zirconia discs were divided into five groups: unpolished (control, UNP) and polished with Brownie only (BRO), Brownie plus Greenie (BPG), Brownie plus Greenie plus Supergreenie (BGS), and CeraMaster Coarse plus CeraMaster polishing tips (CER). The samples were sterilized and immersed in unstimulated saliva, then incubated in a liquid suspension of Streptococcus gordonii (S gordonii). The number of attached bacteria were counted 48 hours after the diluted suspensions were inoculated. Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey test (P < .05). For titanium discs, the average number of bacteria from each group (CFU/mm2) was 1.51 x 103 for UNP; 3.71 x 103 for BRO; 5.65 x 103 for BPG; 8.99 x 102 for BGS; and 8.49 x 102 for CER. For zirconia, the averages were 2.87 x 102 for UNP; 3.16 x 102 for BRO; 3.50 x 102 for BPG; 1.83 x 102 for BGS; and 8.73 x 101 for CER. Inadequate polishing roughens surfaces and promotes microbial adhesion to titanium and zirconia. Sequential polishing to the finest-finish polishing tips minimizes bacterial adherence to abutment surfaces. Zirconia exhibited less bacterial adhesion than titanium.


Asunto(s)
Pulido Dental , Titanio , Bacterias , Adhesión Bacteriana , Materiales Dentales , Pulido Dental/métodos , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio
12.
Acta Biomater ; 150: 58-66, 2022 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933103

RESUMEN

Dental caries is a biofilm-mediated, diet-modulated, multifactorial and dynamic disease that affects more than 90% of adults in Western countries. The current treatment for decayed tissue is based on using materials to replace the lost enamel or dentin. More than 500 million dental restorations are placed annually worldwide, and materials used for these purposes either directly or indirectly interact with dentin and pulp tissues. The development and understanding of the effects of restorative dental materials are based on different in-vitro and in-vivo tests, which have been evolving with time. In this review, we first discuss the characteristics of the tooth and the dentin-pulp interface that are unique for materials testing. Subsequently, we discuss frequently used in-vitro tests to evaluate the biocompatibility of dental materials commonly used for restorative procedures. Finally, we present our perspective on the future directions for biological research on dental materials using tissue engineering and organs on-a-chip approaches. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Dental caries is still the most prevalent infectious disease globally, requiring more than 500 million restorations to be placed every year. Regrettably, the failure rates of such restorations are still high. Those rates are partially based on the fact that current platforms to test dental materials are somewhat inaccurate in reproducing critical components of the complex oral microenvironment. Thus, there is a collective effort to develop new materials while evolving the platforms to test them. In this context, the present review critically discusses in-vitro models used to evaluate the biocompatibility of restorative dental materials and brings a perspective on future directions for tissue-engineered and organs-on-a-chip platforms for testing new dental materials.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Dentina , Adulto , Resinas Compuestas , Materiales Dentales/farmacología , Restauración Dental Permanente , Humanos , Dispositivos Laboratorio en un Chip , Ensayo de Materiales
13.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 134: 105361, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939951

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Zirconia is an important dental implant material, yet it surfaces milling method is still under investigation. To explore the feasibility of laser etching in processing fine micro grooves on the surface of zirconia and to observe fine micro groove structure' influence on mouse embryonic osteoblasts, the survey was conducted. METHODS: 31 zirconia discs were made and polished to mirror surface. Then, they were divided into 3 groups: the mirror group, the femtosecond laser ablated microgroove group and the air blasted + acid etched group. Then, the surface properties of zirconia discs were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscope/Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (SEM/EDS), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), water contact angle test and micro-Vickers hardness test. The biocompatibility of each machined zirconia was tested by cell proliferation test and SEM analyze of cell morphology. Then, the effect of these surface treatment to MC-3T3-E1's osteogenic differentiation was evaluated by Q-PCR test. RESULTS: SEM image showed that the femtosecond laser is a reliable method for forming regular-arranged microgrooves with pitch width of around 5 µm. EDS and XRD indicated that there were stable and purified tetragonal crystal system on the laser-roughened surface. AFM suggested that laser machining generated rougher surface (Ra) (271.7 ± 67.2 nm) than other groups. Furthermore, the contact angle showed laser ablated grooves induced anisotropic wetting. The micro-Vickers hardness test ascertained that laser-ablation strengthened zirconia surface. In vitro experiment showed that MC-3T3-E1 grown along the long axis of microgrooves on the first day. Besides, Real time PCR implied that osteogenesis-related gene expression OPN and ALP was much higher than the rest groups. SIGNIFICANCE: Femtosecond laser is able to machine zirconia with ultra-fine microgrooves (around 2.5 µm). These structures promoted MC-3T3-E1 cell to line along the microstructure and differentiate into osteogenic cells. Thus, femtosecond laser might be a potential processing options for zirconia micro-texturing.


Asunto(s)
Osteogénesis , Circonio , Animales , Materiales Dentales , Rayos Láser , Ensayo de Materiales , Ratones , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Propiedades de Superficie , Circonio/química
14.
Int J Pharm ; 625: 122113, 2022 Sep 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35973592

RESUMEN

Dual-jet electrospinning was employed to produce two-component, partially degradable drug releasing nonwovens with interlacing of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLGA) and different poly(carbonate urethanes) (PCUs). Diclofenac sodium and sirolimus were released simultaneously from the copolyester carrier. The research focused on determining of release profiles of drugs, depending on the hydrophilicity of introduced PCU nanofibers. The influence of drugs incorporation on the hydrolytic degradation of the PDLGA and mechanical properties of nonwovens was also studied. Evaluation for interaction with cells in vitro was investigated on a fibroblast cell line in cytotoxicity and surface adhesion tests. Significant changes in drugs release rate, depending on the applied PCU were observed. It was also noticed, that hydrophilicity of drugs significantly influenced the hydrolytic degradation mechanism and surface erosion of the PDLGA, as well as the tensile strength of nonwovens. Tests carried out on cells in an in vitro experiment showed that introduction of sirolimus caused a slight reduction in the viability of fibroblasts as well as a strong limitation in their capability to colonize the surface of fibers. Due to improvement of mechanical strength and the ability to controlled drugs release, the obtained material may be considered as prospect surgical mesh implant in the treatment of hernia.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos/administración & dosificación , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos/administración & dosificación , Diclofenaco/administración & dosificación , Nanofibras/administración & dosificación , Sirolimus/administración & dosificación , Mallas Quirúrgicas , Preparaciones de Acción Retardada , Materiales Dentales , Andamios del Tejido
15.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 218: 112722, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917691

RESUMEN

Injectability and self-setting properties are important factors to increase the efficiency of bone regeneration and reconstruction, thereby reducing the invasiveness of hard tissue engineering procedures. In this study, 63S bioactive glass (BG), nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HAp), alumina, titanium dioxide, and methylene bis-acrylamide (MBAM)-mediated polymeric crosslinking composites were prepared for the formulation of an efficient self-setting bone cement. According to the cytocompatibility and physicochemical analyses, all the samples qualified the standard of the bio-composite materials. They revealed high thermal stability, injectability, and self-setting ability supported by ~ 10.73% (maximum) mass loss, ~ 92-93% injectability and 24 ± 5 min of initial setting time. Moreover, a cellular adhesion and proliferation study was additionally performed with osteoblasts like MG-63 cells, which facilitate pseudopod-like cellular extensions on the BG/n-HAp composite scaffold surface. The SAM study was employed to non-invasively assess the self-setting properties of the composite bio-cement using the post injected distribution and physical properties of the phantom. These results validate the significant potential characteristics of the BG/n-HAp self-setting bio-cement (16:4:2:1) for promising minimal-invasive bone tissue engineering applications.


Asunto(s)
Cementos para Huesos , Ingeniería de Tejidos , Acústica , Acrilamidas , Óxido de Aluminio , Materiales Biocompatibles/química , Materiales Biocompatibles/farmacología , Cementos para Huesos/química , Materiales Dentales , Durapatita/química , Ensayo de Materiales/métodos , Ingeniería de Tejidos/métodos
16.
J Dent ; 125: 104275, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044948

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This randomized prospective split-mouth study evaluated the clinical performance of a novel, tooth-colored, self-adhesive bulk-fill restorative (SABF, 3M) for restoration of class II cavities as compared to a conventional bulk-fill composite (Filtek One, 3M; FOBF) over 36 months. The null-hypothesis was that both materials perform equally regarding clinical success and performance according to the FDI clinical criteria and scoring system. METHODS: 30 patients received one SABF and one FOBF restoration each. For FOBF, Scotchbond Universal (3M) was used as adhesive (self-etch mode), whereas SABF was applied without adhesive. Two blinded examiners evaluated the restorations at baseline, 24 and 36 months using FDI criteria. Data were analyzed non-parametrically (χ2-tests; α=0.05). RESULTS: 29 patients were available for the 24- and 36-month examinations. Clinical success rate was 96.6% for both materials at 36-mo (one restoration failure due to secondary caries each). All other restorations revealed clinically acceptable FDI scores at all recalls. FOBF performed significantly better than SABF at all time points regarding surface lustre (p<0.001) and color match and translucency (p<0.001) and regarding marginal staining at 36-months (p=0.008). Marginal staining and marginal adaptation deteriorated significantly over time for both materials (both p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The null-hypothesis could only partially be rejected. Both materials performed similarly regarding clinical success and performance within 36 months of clinical service, but SABF exhibited significantly inferior, but clinically fully acceptable esthetic properties as compared to FOBF. Both restorative materials showed clinically fully acceptable results over 36 months of clinical service and thus may be recommended for clinical use. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The novel tooth-colored self-adhesive bulk-fill restorative exhibited clinically fully acceptable results over 36 months of clinical service, similarly to a conventional bulk-fill restorative used with a universal adhesive, but with slight shortcomings in esthetic properties. Therefore, both restorative materials may be recommended for clinical use.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Restauración Dental Permanente , Resinas Compuestas/química , Caries Dental/terapia , Cementos Dentales , Materiales Dentales/química , Restauración Dental Permanente/métodos , Estética Dental , Humanos , Boca , Estudios Prospectivos , Cementos de Resina
17.
Eur J Oral Sci ; 130(5): e12890, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959863

RESUMEN

Glass ionomer (GI) cements and self-etch (SE) or universal adhesives after etching (ER) adapt variably with dentine. Dentine characteristics vary with depth (deep/shallow), location (central/peripheral), and microscopic site (intertubular/peritubular). To directly compare adhesion to dentine, non-destructive imaging and testing are required. Here, GI, ER, and SE adapted at different dentine depths, locations, and sites were investigated using micro-CT, xenon plasma focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (Xe PFIB-SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Extracted molars were prepared to deep or shallow slices and treated with the three adhesives. Micro-CT was used to compare changes to air volume gaps, following thermocycling, and statistically analysed using a quantile regression model and Fisher's exact test. The three adhesives performed similarly across dentine depths and locations, yet no change or overall increases and decreases in gaps at all dentine depths and locations were measured. The Xe PFIB-SEM-milled dentine-adhesive interfaces facilitated high-resolution characterization, and element profiling revealed variations across the tooth-material interfaces. Dentine depth and location had no impact on adhesive durability, although microscopic differences were observed. Here we demonstrate how micro-CT and Xe PFIB-SEM can be used to compare variable dental materials without complex multi-stage specimen preparation to minimize artefacts.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Recubrimientos Dentinarios , Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo/métodos , Cementos Dentales , Materiales Dentales/química , Dentina/química , Recubrimientos Dentinarios/química , Cementos de Ionómero Vítreo , Ensayo de Materiales , Microscopía Electrónica , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Cementos de Resina/química , Propiedades de Superficie , Rayos X , Xenón/análisis
18.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 89(2): 68-74, 2022 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986478

RESUMEN

Purpose: To investigate shear bond strength (SBS) of three restorative materials on primary dentin after silver diamine fluoride (SDF) application.
Methods: Thirty primary teeth were randomized into three groups of 10 teeth. Each tooth was split mesiodistally and randomized into experimental (artificial caries plus SDF) and control (sound dentine without SDF) groups. Glass ionomer cement (GIC), resin-modified bioactive resin (ACTIVA), and composite resin (CR) restorations were tested for SBS and mode of failure (MF).
Results: All SDF groups exhibited significantly lower SBS compared to the control (CR: P =0.001; ACTIVA: P =0.001; GIC: P =0.004). For the SDF group, the compa- rison of materials was statistically significant (P =0.006); posthoc tests showed significance only between CR and ACTIVA (P =0.009) and between ACTIVA and GIC (P =0.020). The lowest mean value was obtained for ACTIVA (1.4 MPa) and the highest mean value was obtained for CR (3.3 MPa). For the control group, Welch's F test was statistically significant (P =0.044), but all posthoc tests were not. For MF, SDF exhibited a significantly greater percentage of adhesive failures with ACTIVA and CR than with GIC. In the control group, a mixed MF was more dominant with no significant differences.
Conclusion : The SDF group had significantly lower SBS.


Asunto(s)
Recubrimiento Dental Adhesivo , Resinas Compuestas , Materiales Dentales/química , Dentina , Fluoruros Tópicos , Cementos de Ionómero Vítreo , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Compuestos de Amonio Cuaternario , Resistencia al Corte , Compuestos de Plata , Diente Primario
19.
Am J Dent ; 35(4): 172-177, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986931

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate the hardness profile of three resin-based restorative composites (RBC) (Filtek Z250XT, Filtek One Bulk Fill, Filtek Bulk Fill Flow) polymerized by a multi-wave curing light. METHODS: Specimens (n= 12) were prepared by inserting 2 mm RBC increments into a split-mold and polymerized from the top using either 20- or 40-second exposure times. Specimen curing was performed directly at a 1 mm distance (control-group) or through an ivorine-tooth slot preparation at a 5 mm distance (experimental-group). Specimens were stored (37 ± 1°C/24 hours), then subjected to Knoop indenter (25g/5 seconds). Specimens' KHN values were obtained from the upper and lower surfaces. Relative hardness (RH) (lower-to-upper ratio) was calculated for each specimen. Data were analyzed with three-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD (α= 0.05). RESULTS: There was no significant RH difference among RBCs in the control group, regardless of the exposure time (P> 0.05). Average RH ratios for all RBCs tested in this group were greater than 0.80. However, the average RH values of the experimental RBC group were significantly lower. The RH for Z250 was 0.39 in the 20-second group, while RH was 0.63 in the 40-second group. BF had an RH ratio of 0.70 in the 20-second and 0.72 in the 40-second group, while One Bulk had a ratio of 0.65 in the 20-second and 0.71 in the 40-second groups. Doubled exposure time substantially increased RH of all tested materials at a 1 mm tip-to-material distance. Clinically relevant 5 mm light-tip to material-surface distance significantly reduced polymerization efficacy of RBC specimens, regardless of the exposure time. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Adequate light-polymerization of resin-based direct restoratives is necessary for long-term clinical success. Polymerizing Class 2 restorations is challenging due to a hard-to-reach location and an increased distance between the light source and the restorative material. Insufficient polymerization is often seen at the bottom of the proximal box of the Class 2 cavity, with a detrimental effect on restoration longevity.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas , Caries Dental , Luces de Curación Dental , Materiales Dentales , Dureza , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Polimerizacion , Propiedades de Superficie
20.
Gen Dent ; 70(5): 54-57, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993934

RESUMEN

Progressive wear of the components of an implant-supported overdenture can lead to loss of denture retention, which affects masticatory function and the patient's quality of life. The primary objective of this in vitro study was to investigate frictional wear in a type of commonly used abutment and thereby estimate the general clinical lifespan of a typical stud abutment and establish a protocol for replacement. Therefore, simulated overdenture insertions and removals equivalent to 2 years of overdenture use were performed to evaluate surface changes in the metal stud abutment component. A digital caliper, scanning electron micrographs taken at ×500 magnification, and profilometer data were used to determine the wear rate and surface roughness. A universal testing machine was used to measure retention load force with 4 clear male nylon inserts (5.0-lb retention) during 2160 insertion and removal cycles. The results showed that with a 6-month replacement program for clear male nylon inserts, the frictional wear on the titanium nitride coating of abutments placed at a 0° position resulted in a decrease of up to 50% in removal forces of the inserts after a simulated 2 years of wear. The combination of wear of the titanium nitride coating and the decrease in retention load values suggests that stud abutments should be replaced after 2 years of use for optimal retention.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Prótesis de Recubrimiento , Pilares Dentales , Materiales Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Retención de Dentadura , Humanos , Masculino , Ensayo de Materiales , Nylons , Calidad de Vida
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