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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1051-1053, 2021 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763397

RESUMEN

There has been a paradox in China that the patients' satisfaction does not increase with the rapid development of medical sciences and the increasingly improved medical conditions. One important reason for this phenomenon is the absence of humanistic education in medical and stomatological educations. For medical personnel, the medical humanistic quality is essential and the reinforcement of medical humanistic education is an inevitable course for cultivating qualified doctors and developing medical sciences. The recently published textbooks, i.e. Stomatology Humanities and "Consensus of Chinese experts on humanistic education of stomatology", are two cases of the efforts made by Chinese dental workers for the improvement of stomatological education. The humanistic quality of dental personnel will contribute to the return of the stomatology humanity, the cultivation of dental personnel and the development of stomatology.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , China , Humanidades , Humanos
2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1054-1058, 2021 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763398

RESUMEN

Medical science in the new era calls for dental students to possess medical humanistic literacy. After investigating the current situations of medical humanity education in 20 domestic dental schools, analyzing the current problems faced by medical humanityeducation in China and convening discussions on medical humanities among experts in the field of dental education, we have formed the "Expert Consensus on Promoting Medical Humanities in Dental Education" which focused on "establishing medical humanities department for teaching and research, setting up medical humanity curriculum throughout the entire period of undergraduate study, implementing student-centered multiform teaching model and carrying out scientific and effective assessment of teaching". The aims of the expert consensus are to promote the humanity education in dental schools and to improve the comprehensive quality of dental students in China, so as to promote the construction of healthy China.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , China , Consenso , Curriculum , Humanidades , Humanos
3.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1115-1119, 2021 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763407

RESUMEN

The Beijing National Medical School Faculty of Dentistry was established in 1943. This article reviewed the files preserved in Beijing Municipal Archices and presented the early background of the establishment including the approval process, formulation of teaching plans and design of the curriculums. These historical records provide us with thought-provoking insights into the evolution of the stomatological discipline and subsequent development of various sub-disciplines, as well as the educational ideals embedded.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Facultades de Medicina , Beijing , Curriculum , Docentes , Humanos
4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(11): 1150-1154, 2021 Nov 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763414

RESUMEN

The organoid is a kind of distinctive micro-organ formed by stem cells with the ability of self-renewal, which can be cultured in three-dimensional scaffold in vitro. With the development of cell culture system, organoids have been gradually applied in researches such as in vitro organ model establishment, drug testing and even the repairing or replacing damage organs. It shows significantly promising prospects. This review article aims to summarize the latest research progress and provide the theoretical foundation and prospects for the development of organoids in stomatology.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Organoides , Células Madre
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 939-942, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841758

RESUMEN

Oral Microbiology is a vital component of the basic science of stomatology and an important compulsory course for undergraduate students of stomatology, focusing on the oral microbiology and microecology, the pathogenesis of oral infectious diseases, and the relationship between oral microbes and human health. Our faculty team have made reforms of the theory and laboratory teaching of the course Oral Microbiology. We have introduced in the classroom the concept of Three Comprehensive Approaches to Education-the full involvement of everyone, the through-course approach and all-round education-and offered inquiry-based instruction through a combination of extracting the core information from every chapter, using the core information as the foundation, integrating the core information with clinical problems, and using experiment operation to foster in the students an attitude of solving clinical problems through research. These teaching innovations improved the undergraduate students'motivation to learn. We evaluated the teaching effect with questionnaire surveys. The results suggested that the students showed high interest in learning and were satisfied with our teaching innovations. In addition, student performance evaluation for the course showed significant improvement, indicating that the instructional reform program of Oral Microbiology was conducive to students'understanding and mastery of the course content, improved student motivation to learn and their grades, and received positive reviews from the students. We report herein, from three aspects, the course innovations and the experiences gained. We discussed the significance of integrating ideological and political theories teaching in all courses and using innovative teaching materials and teaching models and, highlighted their importance in the education of stomatology students, and proposed suggestions to further improve the course design of Oral Microbiology.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Curriculum , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes , Enseñanza
6.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665538

RESUMEN

The article considers the problem of access to stomatological care, in particular to prosthetic dentistry, for people with limited health capacities in conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. The range of factors impeding to get quality dental services in state stomatological polyclinics and at home was established by empirical study organized in two Subjects of the Russian Federation located in the Central Federal Okrug.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Medicina Oral , Humanos , Pandemias , Federación de Rusia/epidemiología , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665558

RESUMEN

The key priorities of the concept of development of health care in the Russian Federation is the population health support and increasing of availability and quality of medical care. The critical link in chain of interaction between medical organizations and residents is examination of applications of citizen. An appeal of citizen received by state authority, local self-government authority or by the official in accordance with their competence is to be a subject of mandatory proceeding. The service of non-staff chief stomatologist based on the organizational methodical office of Moscow Oblast Stomatological Polyclinic the comprehensive analysis of appeals of citizen appeals regarding provision of medical care in stomatological polyclinics of the Moscow Oblast was carried out. The analysis of summary of tasks demonstrated that in 2020, 107,511 appeals of citizens were received and 1002 tasks were related to stomatological care support that accounts 0.93% of total number of appeals. The results of analysis permitted to elaborate a set of recommendations for administrators of stomatological medical organizations to improve quality of examination of appeals of citizen.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Salud Poblacional , Algoritmos , Moscú , Federación de Rusia
8.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(6): 557-564, 2021 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270106

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The impact of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic on the dental community is evident. Dental education programmes and academic activities have suffered from the ramifications of the pandemic. This study aimed to depict the impacts of the COVID-19 epidemic on the clinical services and academic activities in the department of stomatology of a tertiary hospital in Wuhan, China. METHODS: We obtained historical data of the Department of Stomatology from the Health Information System of the General Hospital of Central Theater Command, Wuhan, China between January 2018 and June 2020. Mean, standard deviation and median with interquartile range were used to summarize the variables. Line plots were used to illustrate the temporal trend. The Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-populations rank test was used to compare the difference between groups. RESULTS: A significant decrease was noted in the monthly average number of patients seeking outpatient services for the year 2020, which were decreased by two-thirds from 2018 to 2020. The number of emergency cases also decreased significantly by 57.6% in 2020. The monthly number of teaching hours decreased from 3.8 ± 1.5 in 2018 and 4.7 ± 1.4 in 2019 to 1.7 ± 1.9 in 2020. The number of interns also decreased by more than 77.0% in 2020. CONCLUSIONS: The impacts of COVID-19 in the stomatology clinic were significant with notable decreases in clinical services and education offered to the stomatology students. There is a need to find solutions to keep as many dental professionals as needed remaining on the frontline of oral health care.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Medicina Oral , China/epidemiología , Hospitales Generales , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Centros de Atención Terciaria
9.
Br Dent J ; 230(12): 823-830, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172869

RESUMEN

Introduction Dentistry is progressing into person-centred care and away from a paternal approach. Effective verbal and written communication are crucial to allow this collaboration; however, misunderstanding of terminology can lead to confusion, poor decision-making and poor health outcomes.Methods A voluntary questionnaire with multiple-choice and short-answer questions was given to patients attending the NHS Lothian Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine Department over two weeks; 137 were completed. Eighteen terms were assessed, including: ulcer, local anaesthetic, impacted tooth, radiograph, sedation, biopsy, mucosa and benign. Exclusion criteria were non-English speakers who required a translator.Results The multiple-choice questions revealed that terms such as 'blister' and 'local anaesthetic' are relatively well understood. Other terms, such as mucosa, were poorly understood. Over a third of patients confused 'sedation' with general anaesthetic. Short-answer questions revealed a wide range of answers. 'Biopsy' and 'radiograph' were generally better understood compared to other terms. Demographics, educational background and English as a first language appeared to have an influence on understanding.Conclusion Patients had a varied understanding of terminology. Incorrect interpretation of words may lead to ill-informed decision-making or unnecessary concern. It is essential that challenging terminology is identified and explained at an understandable level.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Orales , Cirugía Bucal , Humanos , Lenguaje , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e072, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34161411

RESUMEN

This paper intends to describe the demand for referrals to the stomatology service requested by the medical teams for inpatients in a reference hospital in the south of Brazil. This research is a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study focusing on data collection and assessment of information about referrals to the stomatology unit carried out from January 2008 to December 2018. All information was obtained from the hospital management software database, then transferred and analyzed individually for descriptive statistics. A total of 4433 cases were referred to the stomatology team, with an average of 403 cases by year. Hematology/hemato-oncology (37.3%) was the specialty asking for the majority of the referrals, followed by Oncology (20.4%) and Pneumology (8.2%). The mean patients' profile was males (55.5%), receiving a diagnosis of oral mucositis (43.5%), and with the first and second decades of life being the most prevalent ones (34.9%), with a mean age of 34.8±22.3 years. The most common treatment performed by the stomatology team was the photobiomodulation therapy (44.8%). This retrospective study demonstrated the important profile of the stomatological care in hospitalized patients from a specific hospital, especially referred by the hematology/hemato-oncology team. These results evidenced the importance of the stomatology specialty in the hospital environment.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Hospitales , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Derivación y Consulta , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006487

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop the first edition of a Chinese evidence-based position paper on the management of oral leukoplakia (OLK). STUDY DESIGN: The consultant group for drafting the position paper consisted of 31 oral medicine specialists and 2 evidence-based medicine specialists. English studies (searched in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library) and Chinese studies (searched in China National Knowledge Infrastructure and WanFang) published before January 2018 were used. The quality of the study was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation grid, and the strength of the recommendations was determined based on the results of 3 rounds of voting among the consultant group members using the Delphi method. RESULTS: Twenty-two evidence-based guidelines for clinical management and monitoring of OLK were established in this position paper. A clinical path diagram for oral health practitioners was constructed based on the recommendations. CONCLUSION: Current evidence suggests that management and monitoring of patients with OLK should be performed by experienced clinicians to control the lesion and for early detection of malignant transformation. However, all recommendations are based on evidence of low or extremely low quality and may require further modification as new evidence is produced.


Asunto(s)
Leucoplasia Bucal , Medicina Oral , Transformación Celular Neoplásica , China , Humanos , Leucoplasia Bucal/terapia
12.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 64(6): 664-672, 2021 May 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033275

RESUMEN

Antiresorptive therapy is the main form of prevention of osteoporotic or fragility fractures. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a relatively rare but severe adverse reaction to antiresorptive and antiangiogenic drugs. Physicians and dentists caring for patients taking these drugs and requiring invasive procedures face a difficult decision because of the potential risk of MRONJ. The aim of this study was to discuss the risk factors for the development of MRONJ and prevention of this complication in patients with osteoporosis taking antiresorptive drugs and requiring invasive dental treatment. For this goal, a task force with representatives from three professional associations was appointed to review the pertinent literature and discuss systemic and local risk factors, prevention of MRONJ in patients with osteoporosis, and management of established MRONJ. Although scarce evidence links the use of antiresorptive agents in the context of osteoporosis to the development of MRONJ, these agents are considered a risk factor for this complication. Despite the rare reports of MRONJ in patients with osteoporosis, the severity of symptoms and impact of MRONJ in the patients' quality of life make it imperative for health care professionals to consider this complication when planning invasive dental procedures.


Asunto(s)
Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea , Medicina Oral , Osteoporosis , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/etiología , Osteonecrosis de los Maxilares Asociada a Difosfonatos/prevención & control , Conservadores de la Densidad Ósea/efectos adversos , Brasil , Difosfonatos , Humanos , Osteoporosis/inducido químicamente , Osteoporosis/tratamiento farmacológico , Osteoporosis/prevención & control , Patología Bucal , Calidad de Vida
13.
Dent Clin North Am ; 65(3): 509-528, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051928

RESUMEN

Oral medicine practice includes the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of oral and orofacial diseases and oral manifestations of systemic conditions. Oral medicine specialists in medical and dental settings often require imaging in assessment and treatment of these conditions. This article reviews imaging that may be used in practice, particularly as relevant for facial pain, bone conditions, and salivary gland disease. It reviews imaging that may be considered in a hospital setting for assessment of admitted patients, patient evaluation before surgical procedures, and provision of dentistry in a hospital setting for patients who cannot submit to treatment in an outpatient setting.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Enfermedades de las Glándulas Salivales , Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico , Diagnóstico por Imagen , Dolor Facial , Hospitales , Humanos
14.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(7): 649-659, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811413

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The steady and continued increase of the Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine's (JOPM) popularity prompted a bibliometric analysis of the journal. The purpose was to assess the significance and effect of the published research articles in the Journal from 1972 and 2020, aiding the identification of landmark articles. We performed a bibliometric analysis using the top 100 cited papers in the Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An extensive review of the Web of Science was undertaken. Standard information such as author details, affiliated institutions, publication year and the country of origin was recorded. RESULTS: The top 100 cited articles in JOPM were assessed. The maximum and minimum number of citations in the top 100 articles was 1459 and 95, respectively. A total of 16 790 citations were recorded for these 100 articles. Authors were affiliated to 28 different countries, 17 research articles from the UK and 12 from the USA. Other countries furnished seven or fewer articles. CONCLUSION: This bibliometric analysis provides a synopsis of research published in the journal over a 48-year period. Recent interest in the journal shows a healthy increase in submissions and profile.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Patología Bucal , Bibliometría , Humanos
15.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(1): 104-108, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907791

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: In this paper, based on the age, sex, disease type, and consultation time of dental emergency during COVID-19 epidemic, a comprehensive analysis of dental emergency management and prevention and control of COVID-19 was conducted. METHODS: A total of 739 emergency dental cases were collected from January 29 2020 to February 28 2020. They were divided into 3 groups,including adolescents (≤18 years), young adults (18 ~ 60 years), and elderly ( ≥60 years old). The data was analyzed using SPSS 21.0 software package. RESULTS: The ratio of male to female was 1.24∶1. There were 655 emergency cases during the day and 84 cases during the night. The types of diseases included pericoronitis (15.83%), apical periodontitis (14.21%), pulpitis (13.40%), periodontitis (12.31%), oral mucosal disease (12.18%), Oral and maxillofacial trauma (10.55%), oral and maxillofacial space infection (8.39%), dental disease in children (5.41%), oral and maxillofacial tumors (2.84%), temporomandibular joint dislocations and disorders (1.76%), and others (3.11%). CONCLUSIONS: Under the epidemic situation of the new coronavirus, as one of the high-risk departments, it is of great significance to enhance the clinical emergency skills and ability of emergency treatment, improve patients' oral health awareness, address the diagnosis and treatment of essential diseases, for the improvement the quality of dental medical care and the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Medicina Oral , Adolescente , Anciano , Niño , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Femenino , Hospitales Generales , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Joven
17.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 311-317, 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832030

RESUMEN

Endodontic diseases, due to the high incidence rate, affect the life quality and aesthetics of patients. As an auxiliary examination method, oral radiographic examination is of great significance for the preoperative diagnosis, treatment and postoperative evaluation of endodontic diseases. The principle of choosing oral radiology methods is to provide accurate and necessary information for diagnosis and treatment while protecting the patients' interests to the greatest extent. The Society of Cariology and Endodontics, Chinese Stomatological Association, based on extensive solicitation of opinions and reference to relevant literature, has set an application guideline after extensive discussions and revisions. This guideline covers the common clinical scenarios of application of radiographic examination in the diagnosis and treatment of endodontic diseases and provides recommendations for radiological methods. Hopefully, the guideline may help the clinicians to solve the important clinical problems and to provide a scientific foundation for the application of radiographic examination in the diagnosis and treatment of endodontic diseases.


Asunto(s)
Endodoncia , Medicina Oral , Atención Odontológica , Estética Dental , Humanos
18.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(4): 318-323, 2021 Apr 09.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832031

RESUMEN

Tooth preparation is the primary and core operation technique for prosthodontics. Microscopic tooth preparation can improve the accuracy and efficiency of the operation. Experts from Society of Prosthodontics, Chinese Stomatological Association formulated the standard operating procedure for microscopic tooth preparation, so as to standardize its design points and operating procedures, highlight the difference between this novel technique and the traditional naked eye tooth preparation and promote the application of microscopic tooth preparation.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Preparación del Diente , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática , Humanos , Prostodoncia , Estándares de Referencia
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e037, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909859

RESUMEN

Optimizing the quality of referral letters could be the first step to a correct clinical approach for patients. Referral letters should be legible and contain the necessary information to avoid delaying the patient's diagnosis and treatment. However, to date, few studies have been conducted on how referrals are performed in Brazil. Knowledge regarding the quality of referral letters can provide information to better guide health care professionals. This study was aimed at analyzing all referrals received by a single oral medicine service in Brazil. Referral letters were classified into poor, regular, good, and excellent based on key items concerning the primary morphology of the lesion, location, diagnostic hypothesis, symptomatology, time of evolution, consistency, size, and limits. A total of 500 referral letters were evaluated, including 271 (54.2%) from a private service and 229 (45.8%) from a public service. Dentists and physicians had written 475 (95%) and 25 (5%) referral letters, respectively. Among the 500 referrals analyzed in this study, the number of regular, poor, good, and excellent referrals was 236 (47.2%), 203 (40.6%), 58 (11.6%), and one (0.6%), respectively, showing a lack of important clinical information in referrals.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Oral , Derivación y Consulta , Brasil , Humanos
20.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 59(5): 605-608, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863593

RESUMEN

During the COVID-19 pandemic, NHS services had to convert face-to-face consultations to remote consultations to facilitate the ongoing provision of healthcare. Many specialties including Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Rheumatology have found such virtual clinics effective and appreciated by both patients and clinicians. In Oral Medicine, whilst responses to virtual clinics have been positive, we have recognised that they are not sufficient. In this reflective piece, we describe our experiences and our approach to their use in the management of Oral Medicine and Behçet's disease patients, which has developed iteratively during the lockdown period. We also consider the role of virtual clinics in Oral Medicine in the post-COVID-19 era.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Medicina Oral , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Teléfono
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