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3.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 209(2): 147-149, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502142

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Depictions of pandemics presented through the lens of literary authors and poets have everlasting power. In this article, we explore the psychosocial impact of pandemics, as presented through literature and poetry, and attempt to draw similarities with the current COVID-19 pandemic. We explore topics such as fear and anxiety, hopelessness, and suicide ideation. Overall, the psychological devastation caused by epidemics has influenced many major writers and will undoubtedly impact the writers of our generation. These writings are perhaps the richest source of knowledge of humanity's remarkable capacity to endure suffering.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Miedo , Medicina en la Literatura , Pandemias , Ideación Suicida , Ansiedad/psicología , Miedo/psicología , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Medicina en la Literatura/historia , Pandemias/historia
4.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(4): 319-330, dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-199498

RESUMEN

La vocación es una cualidad que define al buen médico y está presente en los profesionales sanitarios de referencia. La vocación médica puede definirse de varias formas, pero tal vez alcance un amplio consenso la que propone que es una motivación profunda de servicio al enfermo y a la sociedad que está determinada por las vivencias y el entorno. Si bien la mayoría de médicos y estudiantes de medicina invocan la vocación y el atractivo intelectual para su elección, no es menos cierto que el azar o la pertenencia a un determinado grupo social pueden ser decisivos en algunos casos. Los literatos, por su parte, suelen atribuir a sus personajes valores tradicionales de la medicina y de la vocación médica como el altruismo o la empatía, así como algunos estereotipos de la imagen de la profesión


The vocation is a value intangible that defines the good doctor and is present in the reference healthcare professionals. The medical vocation can be defined in several ways, a broad consensus of acceptance for the one that proposes it as a deep motivation of service to the patient and society which is determined by the experiences and the environment. While most physicians and medical students invoke the vocation and intellectual appeal for their choice, it is not less true that the chance or being part of certain social groups can be decisive in some cases. The writers, on the other hand, usually attribute traditional values of medicine and medical vocation to their characters such as altruism or empathy, as well as some stereotypes of the profession's


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Aptitud , Medicina , Selección de Profesión , Medicina en la Literatura , Médicos , Motivación
6.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(3): 193-197, sept. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197482

RESUMEN

El presente trabajo aborda la condición de ser médico desde dos lenguajes diferentes: el literario y el cinematográfico, sintetizando aspectos registrados en la bibliografía sobre este tema y cotejándolos con lo citado en un filme documental español reciente que alterna históricas filmaciones de médicos virtuosos con las respectivas aportaciones de destacados profesionales de la Medicina


This paper addresses the condition of being a doctor from two different languages: literary and cinematographic by synthesizing aspects bibliographically recorded on this issue and comparing it with that cited in a recent Spanish documentary film where historical filming of virtuous doctors alternates with the corresponding considerations of leading medical professionals


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Medicina en las Artes , Películas Cinematográficas , Medicina en la Literatura , Rol del Médico , Lenguaje
7.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 28(3): 449-454, jul.-set. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137126

RESUMEN

Resumo "Eutanásia" significa causar óbito rápido e indolor ou não o evitar, visando aliviar o sofrimento do paciente quando a morte é entendida como melhor bem ou menor mal. "Clínica ampliada" diz respeito à expansão do objeto de interesse clínico, ocupando-se não apenas da doença, mas também e sobretudo do sujeito singular. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a eutanásia a partir da bioética ampliada. Para isso, utilizou-se trecho do romance Anne Prédaille , do escritor francês Henri Troyat, no qual a personagem principal provoca a morte da mãe aplicando dose elevada de morfina. O fragmento mostra a eutanásia como questão de sujeitos com histórias de vida singulares que se inter-relacionam, e não como a passagem asséptica da vida para a morte. Concluiu-se que a bioética deve considerar a história das pessoas envolvidas no processo da eutanásia.


Abstract Euthanasia is the act of intentionally ending a life quickly and painlessly, or omitting to prevent it, to alleviate suffering when death is understood as the greater good or the lesser evil. An extended clinical approach refers to the expansion of the object of clinical interest, which is concerned not only with the disease, but also and above all with the individual. This study analyzes euthanasia from the perspective of extended bioethics. To this end, we used an excerpt from the novel Anne Prédaille by French writer Henri Troyat, in which the main character causes the death of her mother, who suffers from a terminal illness, by applying a high dose of morphine. The literary fragment was intended to show euthanasia as a matter of subjects with unique interrelated life stories, and not as the aseptic passage from life to death. We concluded that bioethics must consider the life history of people involved in the process of euthanasia.


Resumen "Eutanasia" es hacer que una persona muera rápidamente y sin dolor, o no evitarlo, con el fin de aliviar el sufrimiento, cuando la muerte se entiende como el mejor bien o el menor mal. "Clínica ampliada" se refiere a la expansión del objeto de interés de la clínica, que se ocupa no solo de la enfermedad, sino también y sobre todo del individuo. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la eutanasia desde una bioética ampliada. Para ello, se utilizó un extracto de la novela Anne Prédaille del escritor francés Henri Troyat, en la que el personaje principal provoca la muerte de la madre por la aplicación de una alta dosis de morfina. El fragmento muestra la eutanasia como una cuestión de sujetos con historias de vida únicas que se interrelacionan, y no como la transición aséptica de la vida a la muerte. Se llegó a la conclusión de que la bioética debe considerar la historia de la vida de las personas que participan en el proceso de eutanasia.


Asunto(s)
Bioética , Medicina Clínica , Eutanasia , Medicina en la Literatura
8.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(4): 167-171, ago. 2020.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-195077

RESUMEN

En los últimos años ha aumentado el interés por las obras literarias como un elemento importante para comprender mejor los aspectos subjetivos del proceso de enfermar. Asimismo, se ha reconocido su valor docente en los estudios de ciencias de la salud para facilitar una visión global de la vivencia de la enfermedad. Las obras de los médicos escritores tienen la ventaja adicional de que permiten observar la realidad que vivieron bajo el doble prisma de la literatura y la medicina. En el presente artículo se muestra una visión de la formación médica durante la restauración borbónica en opinión de uno de los escritores españoles más importantes del siglo XX, Pío Baroja, a través de su novela El árbol de la ciencia, de marcado carácter autobiográfico, y de sus memorias. En ambas obras muestra una visión muy pesimista de la formación y de los profesores de la época, que es contrastada con las opiniones de otros autores. Se concluye que las obras literarias tienen interés para explicar situaciones históricas específicas, pero deben analizarse en comparación con las fuentes históricas para valorar el componente subjetivo del autor en su justa medida


In the last decades, the interest of literary works as an element to enhance the knowledge in the subjective issues of disease process has increased. Moreover, its pedagogical value in the teaching of health science students has been recognized to allow a better understanding of how patients feel their disease. The works of physicians-writers have the additional interest that they permit to observe the reality of their time under the double approach of literature and medicine. The present article shows a view of the medical training during the Spanish Restoration following the opinion of one of the most important Spanish writers of the twentieth century, Pío Baroja. For this purpose, we review his novel El árbol de la ciencia, an autobiographical work, as well as his personal memoirs. In both, Baroja had a high pessimistic view of his medical training and of his university professors that has been compared with data from other authors. We conclude that literary works of physicians-writers are of interest to learn about their specific time but should be compared with historical sources to evaluate the subjective component of each author in the right way


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Educación Médica/historia , Biografías como Asunto , Literatura/historia , Enseñanza/organización & administración , Medicina en la Literatura
9.
Eur. j. anat ; 24(supl.1): 51-62, ago. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-195288

RESUMEN

The present article argues that a Shakespearean poetics of disgust unveils a deeper concern in his work with the moral and social limits of the emotions. The essay first looks into a well-known treatise on physiology and psychology, Thomas Wright’s The Passions of the Minde in Generall (1601, 1604), in relation to Renaissance theories of poetry and Shakespeare’s figurations of disgust in Hamlet (1601), King Lear (1604), The Winter’s Tale(1611) and Timon of Athens (1607). Its aim is to explore the capacity of metaphors and tropes, in both medical and poetic discourse, to test affective intensity, as measuring the passions was considered a necessary condition for moral and social well-being. In Shakespeare’s plays the moral dimension of disgust is often put to question by the aesthetic element inherent in poetic mimesis, which tends to depict the disgusting as a source of pleasure. The essay’s second part turns to The Merchant of Venice (1596) to assess, through the trajectories of disgust that sustain the rivalry be-ween the merchant Antonio and the moneylender Shylock, a second notion of mimesis: the envious emulation of others’ ways of feeling that cultural theorists like René Girard (1991) have signposted as the core of Shakespeare's modernity. In broad-er terms, this study points to the centrality of the these two notions of mimesis for an understanding of the early modern phenomenology of the emotions


No disponible


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XX , Asco , Medicina en la Literatura , Emociones , Drama/historia , Poesía como Asunto/historia , Personajes
10.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(3): 119-122, 1 ago., 2020. graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-195457

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: Es frecuente el empleo de manifestaciones culturales como origen de descriptores en el campo de las ciencias de la salud. La historia de Odiseo (Ulises) es una de las obras más antiguas e influyentes de la literatura universal y ha dado lugar a múltiples creaciones posteriores, con un fuerte arraigo en la cultura popular. OBJETIVO: Ponderar el uso del relato de Odiseo en la literatura médica, describir los términos en los que se emplea y discutir la pertinencia de estos. DESARROLLO: Tras una revisión en PubMed, se hallaron 112 publicaciones de carácter médico con referencias al mito de Odiseo, de un total de 343 resultados. Se recogen hasta cinco entidades diferentes directamente nombradas a partir de Ulises (tres síndromes de Ulises, el contrato de Ulises y el conflicto de Ulises), y dos más sobre otros personajes que forman parte de su ciclo (síndrome de Elpenor y síndrome de Penélope), las cuales analizamos de forma crítica respecto al material original del que se parte. CONCLUSIONES: La historia de Odiseo constituye una de las fuentes de inspiración más frecuentes en la medicina, tanto para la elaboración de descriptores como para el empleo de símiles, metáforas u otras figuras retóricas, particularmente en el área de las neurociencias


INTRODUCTION: Cultural manifestations are frequently used as a source of descriptors in the field of the health sciences. The story of Odysseus (Ulysses) is one of the oldest and most influential works of world literature and has given rise to many subsequent creations, with strong roots in popular culture. AIMS: To consider the use of the story of Odysseus in the medical literature, to describe the terms in which it is used, and to discuss its relevance. DEVELOPMENT: From a review performed in PubMed, 112 medical publications with references to the myth of Odysseus were found, out of a total of 343 results. Five different conditions named directly after Ulysses were found (three Ulysses syndromes, the Ulysses contract and the Ulysses conflict), together with two others that have been given the names of other characters who are part of the same cycle (Elpenor syndrome and Penelope syndrome), which we analyse in a critical manner referring to the original material from which they have been taken. CONCLUSIONS: The story of Odysseus constitutes one of the most frequent sources of inspiration in medicine, both for the creation of descriptors and for the use of similes, metaphors or other rhetorical figures, particularly in the area of neuroscience


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estado Epiléptico/historia , Parasomnias/historia , Medicina en la Literatura , Errores Diagnósticos , Estrés Psicológico , Trastornos Psicofisiológicos
13.
Am J Chin Med ; 48(5): 1051-1071, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668969

RESUMEN

COVID-19 has been declared a pandemic by WHO on March 11, 2020. No specific treatment and vaccine with documented safety and efficacy for the disease have been established. Hence it is of utmost importance to identify more therapeutics such as Chinese medicine formulae to meet the urgent need. Qing Fei Pai Du Tang (QFPDT), a Chinese medicine formula consisting of 21 herbs from five classical formulae has been reported to be efficacious on COVID-19 in 10 provinces in mainland China. QFPDT could prevent the progression from mild cases and shorten the average duration of symptoms and hospital stay. It has been recommended in the 6th and 7th versions of Clinical Practice Guideline on COVID-19 in China. The basic scientific studies, supported by network pharmacology, on the possible therapeutic targets of QFPDT and its constituent herbs including Ephedra sinica, Bupleurum chinense, Pogostemon cablin, Cinnamomum cassia, Scutellaria baicalensis were reviewed. The anti-oxidation, immuno-modulation and antiviral mechanisms through different pathways were collated. Two clusters of actions identified were cytokine storm prevention and angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor binding regulation. The multi-target mechanisms of QFPDT for treating viral infection in general and COVID-19 in particular were validated. While large scale clinical studies on QFPDT are being conducted in China, one should use real world data for exploration of integrative treatment with inclusion of pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and herb-drug interaction studies.


Asunto(s)
Antivirales/administración & dosificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/tratamiento farmacológico , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/administración & dosificación , Neumonía Viral/tratamiento farmacológico , Animales , Antivirales/historia , Betacoronavirus/efectos de los fármacos , Betacoronavirus/fisiología , China , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos/historia , Historia Antigua , Humanos , Medicina en la Literatura , Medicina China Tradicional , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/virología
17.
JAMA ; 323(17): 1649-1650, 2020 05 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369113
18.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 208(6): 443-444, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32472811

RESUMEN

The aim of this work is to elucidate psychosocial reactions to plagues by analyzing three landmark descriptions from different eras: Thucydides' description of the plague of Athens (430 BC) in The History of the Peloponnesian War, Giovanni Boccaccio's description of the plague in Florence (1348) in The Decameron, and Albert Camus' description in The Plague (1947). Using a narrative inquiry, we found psychosocial reactions to be complex and ambivalent and could discern several coping strategies. We propose that this knowledge can help psychiatrists and other healthcare professionals during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Medicina en la Literatura/historia , Pandemias/historia , Peste/historia , Conducta Social/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia Antigua , Historia Medieval , Humanidades/historia , Humanos
20.
Am J Med ; 133(8): 1003-1004, 2020 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268146
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