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1.
Diabetes Technol Ther ; 26(S3): 32-37, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377326

RESUMEN

Introduction: The present report celebrates the benchmarking of 100,000 MiniMed™ 780G system users in Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) and summarizes the major insights into the usability and outcomes of this system. Methods: Carelink Personal data (August 2020-August 2023) of users living in EMEA were analyzed. Continuous glucose monitoring-based endpoints were aggregated for (1) the full cohort and (2) a 12-month longitudinal cohort. Subanalyses were done for users on optimal settings (those spending ≥95% of time with glucose target of 100 mg/dL, and ≥95% of time with active insulin time of 2 h), for self-reported age groups (≤15 and ≥56 years) and for various countries/regions. Results: Data from 101,629 users (34 countries) were analyzed. Mean time in range (TIR) was 72.3%, glucose management indicator (GMI) was 7%, time below 70 mg/dL (TBR70) was 2.0% and time below 54 mg/dL (TBR54) was 0.4%. In terms of international targets, 59.6% of users achieved a GMI <7%, 62.5% a TIR >70%, 88.4% a TBR70 < 4%, and 90.0% a TBR54 < 1%. Data improved impressively in optimal setting users (TIR = 78.8%, and users reaching TIR >70% = 86.3%) while safety remained (TBR70 = 2.2% and TBR54 = 0.4%). Data showed consistency across self-reported age groups and geographies. In the longitudinal cohort, TIR reached 75.5% in the first month and remained 73.3% or higher over the 12-month period. Conclusion: Over 100,000 users of the MiniMed™ 780G system have demonstrated consistency in achieving target control of glycemia.


Asunto(s)
Automonitorización de la Glucosa Sanguínea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Glucemia , África , Medio Oriente , Europa (Continente) , Glucosa , Insulina/uso terapéutico , Hipoglucemiantes , Sistemas de Infusión de Insulina
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1281289, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299074

RESUMEN

Background: Saudi Arabia has 13 administrative areas, all of which have been seriously affected by the COVID-19 epidemic regardless of their features. Being the largest and a prominent Arab country, epidemic intensity and dynamics have importance, especially in the era of Vision 2030 where infrastructure development and growth to enhance quality of life has of prime focus. Aims: This analysis aims to trace the differentials in COVID-19 infections, recoveries, and deaths across the country depending upon various demographic and developmental dimensions and interactions. Data and methods: This analysis used Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health data from March 15th, 2020 to August 31st, 2022, by classifying administrative areas and locations to build a generalized linear model (3 × 3): three types of administrative areas (major, middle-sized, and others) and localities (major, medium-sized, and others). Apart from two-way ANOVA, an one-way ANOVA also carried out in addition to calculating mean values of infections, recoveries, and deaths. Results: A total of 205 localities were affected with varying severity, which are based on local demographics. Both the administrative areas and localities had a significant number of cases of infections, recoveries, and mortality, which are influenced by relationships and interactions, leading to differential mean values and proportional distributions across various types of administrative areas and localities. Conclusion: There is dynamism that major administrative areas have lesser threats from the epidemics whereas medium-sized ones have serious threats. Moreover, an interaction of administrative areas and localities explains the dynamics of epidemic spread under varying levels of infrastructure preparedness. Thus, this study presents lessons learned to inform policies, programs, and development plans, especially for regional, urban, and infrastructure areas, considering grassroots level issues and diversity.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Calidad de Vida , Medio Oriente
3.
Sci Adv ; 10(7): eadj1164, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354233

RESUMEN

Desert locusts threaten crop production and food security. Spatially synchronized locust outbreaks further exacerbate these crises. Continental-scale understanding of such compound locust risks and underlying climatic drivers is crucial to designing coordinated and predictive control strategies but remains elusive. Here, we develop a data-driven framework to assess the compound risk of locust outbreaks in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and elucidate the role of climate in locust dynamics. We find that more than one-fifth of high-risk country pairs faced spatially synchronized locust risks from 1985 to 2020, dominated by concurrent winds or inundations. Individual locusts are more prone to infest arid areas punched by extreme rainfall. The spatial prevalence of locusts is strongly modulated by climate variability such as El Niño-Southern Oscillation. A warming climate will lead to widespread increases in locust outbreaks with emerging hotspots in west central Asia, posing additional challenges to the global coordination of locust control.


Asunto(s)
Saltamontes , Animales , Brotes de Enfermedades , El Niño Oscilación del Sur , Medio Oriente
4.
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(2)2024 Feb 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346771

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Medical facilities are civilian objects specially protected during armed conflict by international humanitarian law (IHL). These protections are customarily applied regardless of the conflict, parties or contexts involved. Attacks on medical care have characterised the bombardment campaign of the Gaza Strip beginning 7 October 2023. This study presents evidence regarding patterns of damage to medical complexes relative to all other buildings in the first month of this conflict. METHODS: This is an observational pre/post-study of damage to buildings during the first month of the Israel Defence Force bombardment of Gaza from 7 October to 7 November 2023. Open-source polygons for the Gaza Strip were spatially joined with building damage assessments from satellite imagery analysis. Medical facilities were included in the analysis if they were cross-referenced by a minimum of two datasets. Welch's t-test was used to test for statistically significant differences in the proportions of damaged medical complexes and other buildings. RESULTS: A total of 167 292 unique buildings were identified, including 106 cross-referenced medical complexes. Approximately 9% of non-medical buildings and medical complexes alike sustained damage during the first month of the bombardment (p>0.7292). CONCLUSION: During the first month of the bombing campaign, evidence suggests medical complexes have not received special protection as required by IHL. This finding raises concerns about combatants' application of the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution, suggesting the importance of further investigation.


Asunto(s)
Guerra , Humanos , Israel , Medio Oriente
5.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 61, 2024 Feb 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336636

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease characterised by muscle weakness, and progression from ocular (oMG) to generalised (gMG) symptoms results in a substantial negative impact on quality of life (QoL). This systematic review aimed to provide an overview of the patient burden experienced by people living with gMG. METHODS: Electronic database searches (conducted March 2022), supplemented by interrogation of grey literature, were conducted to identify studies reporting patient burden outcomes in patients with gMG in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Results were synthesised narratively due to the heterogeneity across trials. RESULTS: In total, 39 patient burden publications (representing 38 unique studies) were identified as relevant for inclusion in the systematic review, consisting of 37 publications reporting formal patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), and two publications describing alternative qualitative assessments of patient experience. The studies included a variety of measures including generic and disease-specific PROMs, as well as symptom-specific PROMs focusing on key comorbidities including depression, anxiety, fatigue and sleep disturbance. The findings showed some variation across studies and PROMs; however, in general there was evidence for worse QoL in patients with gMG than in healthy controls or in patients with oMG, and a trend for worsening QoL with increasing MG severity. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the importance of considering patient QoL when developing and assessing treatment and management plans for patients with gMG. However, the heterogeneity identified across studies illustrates the need for further representative and well-powered studies in large cohorts administering consistent, validated questionnaires. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The protocol for this systematic review was registered in PROSPERO: CRD42022328444.


Asunto(s)
Miastenia Gravis , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Miastenia Gravis/epidemiología , Miastenia Gravis/terapia , Miastenia Gravis/diagnóstico , África , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Europa (Continente)/epidemiología
6.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 399, 2024 02 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326798

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are several types of dermatitis, each capable of causing enduring changes that extend beyond physical discomfort. In severe cases, dermatitis can significantly affect mental health, social interactions, and the overall quality of life. This study reports the burden of dermatitis in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region from 1990 to 2019, according to sex, age category, and socio-demographic index (SDI). METHODS: Publicly available data regarding the point prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) were collected from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 study for both the MENA region and its constituent countries. The point prevalence, incidence, and YLDs of dermatitis were represented as counts and age-standardised rates with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). RESULTS: In 2019, the age-standardised point prevalence of dermatitis was 2744.6 (2517.8-3003.1) per 100,000 population, which was 2.3% lower than in 1990. The YLD rate was 92.3 (55.6-143.4) per 100,000 population, which was 3.1% lower than in 1990. The largest point prevalence rates were observed among those aged 70-74, for both sexes. The 2019 MENA/Global DALY ratio was not above one in any age group for either sex. During the period 1990 to 2019, there was no clear correlation between the burden of dermatitis and the SDI level. CONCLUSION: The dermatitis burden in the MENA region remained relatively stable from 1990 to 2019. Future prevention efforts should focus on improving healthcare access, health education, and workplace safety regulations.


Asunto(s)
Dermatitis , Carga Global de Enfermedades , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Calidad de Vida , Prevalencia , Incidencia , África del Norte/epidemiología , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Salud Global , Años de Vida Ajustados por Calidad de Vida
7.
Injury ; 55(3): 111343, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309084

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a boom in the delivery sector, with a significant increase in the demand and number of motorcycle delivery drivers in Qatar, which made them vulnerable to injury. We aimed to evaluate the incidence, pattern, and outcome of patients injured by motorcycle-related crashes (MCC) before and during the pandemic. METHODS: A retrospective observational study included all adult patients admitted with motorcycle-related injuries before the pandemic (March 2018 to February 2020) and during the pandemic (March 2020 to March 2022). Comparative analyses were performed based on (work versus non-work related MCCs) and (pre- versus during the pandemic injuries). RESULTS: 510 patients with MCC were identified, of which 172 (33.7 %) were admitted in the pre-pandemic and 338 (66.3 %) during the pandemic. The mean age of patients was 29.2±7.8 years; 56 % were aged 20-29 years, and 99.4 % were males. Work-related MCCs were more frequent among the younger age group (60.9 % vs. 52.1 %; p=0.001) during the early evening, i.e., 6:00 to 9:00 p.m. (21.9 % vs. 13.9 %; p=0.004). However, non-work related MCC occurred more frequently between midnight and 3:00 am (20.2 % vs. 10.9 %; p=0.004), and such patients were more likely non-compliant for protective devices use (19.3 % vs. 6.1 %; p=0.001) and ride under the influence of alcohol (13.2 % vs. 7.4 %; p=0.03). During the pandemic, the proportion of alcohol consumers (13 % vs. 5.8 %; p=0.01) and work-related MCC (50.9 % vs. 22.7 %; p=0.001) increased significantly compared to the pre-pandemic period. CONCLUSION: The overall burden of MCC increased during the pandemic, and the frequency of MCC involving commercial drivers surged significantly during the pandemic period as opposed to the non-work MCC, which predominated in the pre-pandemic period. Work-related MCCs were more frequent among younger age groups, mainly involving South Asians with frequent accidents in the evening time. However, recreation-related MCCs occurred more frequently at midnight, and victims were non-compliant with the protective gear. Furthermore, there is a need for prospective studies to examine the broader scope of risk factors that are associated with the work-related MCC, especially involving food deliveries, and for focused safety programs for motorcycle delivery drivers and recreational motorcyclists.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Heridas y Lesiones , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Femenino , Motocicletas , Accidentes de Tránsito/prevención & control , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Medio Oriente , Dispositivos de Protección de la Cabeza , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología
9.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e081019, 2024 01 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296298

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Understanding disease seasonality can help predict the occurrence of outbreaks and inform public health planning. Respiratory diseases typically follow seasonal patterns; however, knowledge regarding the seasonality of COVID-19 and its impact on the seasonality of influenza remains limited. The objective of this study was to provide more evidence to understand the circulation of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19, in an endemic scenario to guide potential preventive strategies. DESIGN: In this study, a descriptive analysis was undertaken to describe seasonality trends and/or overlap between COVID-19 and influenza in 12 low-income and middle-income countries using Our World in Data and FluMart data sources. Plots of COVID-19 and influenza cases were analysed. SETTING: Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Morocco, Bahrain, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. OUTCOME MEASURES: COVID-19 cases and influenza cases. RESULTS: No seasonal patterns of SARS-CoV-2 or SARS-CoV-2/influenza cocirculation were observed in most countries, even when considering the avian influenza pandemic period. CONCLUSIONS: These results can inform public health strategies. The lack of observed seasonal behaviour highlights the importance of maintaining year-round vaccination rather than implementing seasonal campaigns. Further research investigating the influence of climate conditions, social behaviour and year-round preventive measures could be fundamental for shaping appropriate policies related to COVID-19 and respiratory viral disease control in low-income and middle-income countries as COVID-19 variant data and epidemiologic patterns accrue over time.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Gripe Humana , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Gripe Humana/epidemiología , SARS-CoV-2 , Estaciones del Año , América Latina/epidemiología , Países en Desarrollo , Medio Oriente , Tailandia
10.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e078849, 2024 01 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238059

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To systematically estimate the overall prevalence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents and adults across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement. DATA SOURCES: Medline and Scopus databases were comprehensively and systematically searched between 1990 and February 2023. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: We included all cross-sectional or cohort studies that diagnosed ADHD using validated diagnostic tools (eg, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria, ADHD rating scales and ADHD diagnostic interview) or non-validated tools (eg, brain imaging techniques, computerised cognitive tests and quantitative electroencephalography). DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Two reviewers performed the data extraction independently using standardised data collection sheet. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Individualised and pooled event rate and upper and lower limit at 95% CI were calculated according to the ADHD cases and the total sample size using a random-effect model. The subgroup prevalence analyses according to ADHD subtypes, gender, MENA country and age were also performed. RESULTS: A total of 63 articles met the inclusion criteria involving 849 902 participants. The overall prevalence of ADHD was 10.3% (95% CI 0.081 to 0.129). The prevalence rate ranged from 1.3% (Yemen) to 22.2% (Iran). Subgroup analyses showed that the prevalence in adults was 13.5 and 10.1 in children and adolescents. Males exhibited significantly higher prevalence compared with females as these were 11.1% and 7%, respectively. Attention-deficit subtype was significantly the most prevalent (46.7%) compared with hyperactivity/impulsivity (33.7%) and combined types (20.6%). CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of ADHD was high in the MENA region. It is crucial to allocate more attention and resources towards the prevention and treatment of ADHD in children, adolescents and adults within the region.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad , Niño , Masculino , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Adolescente , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/diagnóstico , Estudios Transversales , Prevalencia , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , África del Norte/epidemiología
11.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 28(1): 2-18, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167796

RESUMEN

Heart failure (HF) remains a serious health and socioeconomic problem in the Middle East and Africa (MEA). The age-standardized prevalence rate for HF in the MEA region is higher compared to countries in Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. Also cardiovascular-related deaths remain high compared to their global counterparts. Moreover, in MEA, 66% of HF readmissions are elicited by potentially preventable factors, including delay in seeking medical attention, nonadherence to HF medication, suboptimal discharge planning, inadequate follow-up, and poor social support. Patient support in the form of activation, counseling, and caregiver education has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with HF. A multidisciplinary meeting with experts from different countries across the MEA region was convened to identify the current gaps and unmet needs for patient support for HF in the region. The panel provided insights into the real-world challenges in HF patient support and contributed strategic recommendations for optimizing HF care.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Humanos , África/epidemiología , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/epidemiología , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/terapia , Alta del Paciente
12.
Gulf J Oncolog ; 1(44): 25-29, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38205569

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among Emirati women and is the second leading cause of death among women in the UAE. To date, published studies regarding breast cancer in the UAE have investigated a mixed population of different ethnicities with a low percentage of UAE nationals. This is the first study to highlight the clinical and pathological data of a large cohort of exclusively Emirati national breast cancer patients diagnosed at a tertiary care medical facility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study involving breast cancer patients in UAE women who were evaluated and/or treated at the Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi during the period from May 2015 until June 2021. RESULTS: This study initially included 372 participants. The median age at diagnosis was 48 years (24-86 years) and 12.3% of patients had screening detected tumors. 30% of patients presented with locally advanced disease and 20% had stage IV disease at presentation. 24% were 40 years or younger at the time of diagnosis. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, this is the largest study to date focusing exclusively on the presentation and characteristics of Emirati women with breast cancer. The median age of incidence was 48 years and the percentage of patients diagnosed with breast cancer at age 40 or younger years was 24%. This is an agreement with data published in the Middle East, but is significantly below what is reported in Caucasian women in the Western world. In this study, Emirati patients presented with advanced stages of disease. More advanced disease, and higher stage 4 at presentation is another reflection of the low screening rates, but also an indication of a higher patient thresholds for reporting breast health concerns to medical professionals for evaluation. CONCLUSION: Findings of our study do suggest the need to focus efforts on continuing to understand the exact presentation of breast cancer among Emirati women and underscore the need to pursue efforts to improve public education, increase screening utilization and early detection to reduce the burden of disease and address an essential health care need for this unique population.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Neoplasias de la Mama/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Emiratos Árabes Unidos/epidemiología , Medio Oriente
13.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 10: e2300295, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166235

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To explore public awareness of myths around colorectal cancer (CRC) causation in Palestine and to examine factors associated with good awareness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was used to recruit adult Palestinians from governmental hospitals, primary health care centers, and public spaces. Recognizing 13 myths around CRC causation was assessed using a translated-into-Arabic version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale. Awareness level was determined based on the number of CRC mythical causes recognized: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the association between sociodemographic characteristics and displaying good awareness. It adjusted for age group, sex, education, occupation, monthly income, residence, marital status, having chronic diseases, being a vegetarian, knowing someone with cancer, and site of data collection. RESULTS: Of 5,254 participants approached, 4,877 agreed to participate (response rate, 92.3%). A total of 4,623 questionnaires were included in the final analysis: 2,700 from the West Bank and Jerusalem (WBJ) and 1,923 from the Gaza Strip. Only 219 participants (4.7%) demonstrated good awareness of myths around CRC causation. WBJ participants were twice more likely than those from the Gaza Strip to display good recognition (5.9% v 3.1%). Male sex, living in the WBJ, and visiting hospitals were all associated with an increase in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Conversely, knowing someone with cancer was associated with a decrease in the likelihood of displaying good awareness. Having a physical trauma was the most recognized CRC causation myth (n = 2,752, 59.5%), whereas eating food containing additives was the least (n = 456, 9.8%). CONCLUSION: Only 4.7% displayed good ability to recognize myths around CRC causation. Future educational interventions are needed to help the public distinguish the evidence-based versus mythical causes of CRC.


Asunto(s)
Árabes , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Transversales , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Neoplasias Colorrectales/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorrectales/epidemiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/etiología
14.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 98, 2024 01 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183083

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in the North Africa and Middle East region is alarmingly high, prompting us to investigate the burden and factors contributing to it through the GBD study. Additionally, there is a lack of knowledge about the epidemiological status of T2DM in this region, so our aim is to provide a comprehensive overview of the burden of T2DM and its associated risk factors. METHODS: Using data from the 2019 Global Burden of Disease Study, we calculated the attributable burden of T2DM for each of the 21 countries in the region for the years 1990 and 2019. This included prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), and risk factors. RESULTS: Between 1990 and 2019, there was a significant increase in the age-standardized incidence (79.6%; 95% Uncertainty Interval: 75.0 to 84.5) and prevalence (85.5%; [80.8 to 90.3]) rates of T2DM per 100,000 populations. The age-standardized mortality rate (1.7%; [-10.4 to 14.9]), DALYs (31.2%; [18.3 to 42.2]), and years lived with disability (YLDs) (82.6%; [77.2 to 88.1]) also increased during this period. Modifiable risk factors, such as high body mass index (56.4%; [42.8 to 69.8]), low physical activity (15.5%; [9.0 to 22.8]), and ambient particulate matter pollution (20.9%; [15.2 to 26.2]), were the main contributors to the number of deaths. CONCLUSION: The burden of T2DM, in terms of mortality, DALYs, and YLDs, continues to rise in the region. The incidence rate of T2DM has increased in many areas. The burden of T2DM attributed to modifiable risk factors continues to grow in most countries. Targeting these modifiable risk factors could effectively reduce the growth and disease burden of T2DM in the region.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Carga Global de Enfermedades , Factores de Riesgo , África del Norte/epidemiología , Medio Oriente/epidemiología
15.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 43, 2024 01 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38225590

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) has a huge negative impact on the health of the mother and the family, both physically and mentally. Few postpartum depression studies have been done in Palestine. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and the most probable risk factor of PDD among Palestinian women in the northern West Bank. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 380 mothers, ages 18 and 44 years, visiting vaccination clinics with their infants after 7-12 weeks of delivery between 1 May 2022 and 30 June 2022. Postpartum women seeking care at the seven largest primary health care centers of the Ministry of Health in four cities in the Northern West Bank in Palestine were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and demographic and birth details. A score of 13 or higher was used to indicate PPD risk. Descriptive and analytical analyses were performed using SPSS version 20. The level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: The median age of the participants was 27 years with a range of 26 years. A total of 129 women had an EPDS score of 13 or more, giving a prevalence rate of post-partum depression of 33.9%. The predictors of postpartum depression were stressful life events during pregnancy (p-value 0.003, OR: 2.1, 95% CI [1.27-3.4]), vacuum use during delivery p-values 0.002, OR: 4, 95% CI: [1.64-9.91]), low social support (p-value less than 0.001, OR: 2.5, 95%CI: [1.7-4.2]) and husband's low level of education (p-value less than 0.001, OR: 5.2, 95%CI: [2.7-10]). CONCLUSION: The study showed a high prevalence of PPD among Palestinian mothers in the northern West Bank. Our study found that PPD risk factors include lack of social support, the husband's low education, and stressful events during pregnancy. This will emphasize the importance of PPD screening and early intervention, especially among vulnerable women.


Asunto(s)
Depresión Posparto , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Adulto , Depresión Posparto/epidemiología , Depresión Posparto/diagnóstico , Estudios Transversales , Prevalencia , Árabes , Periodo Posparto , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Atención Primaria de Salud
16.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 189, 2024 01 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38229049

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) myths and beliefs can negatively impact women's preventive behaviors, including vaccination against human papillomavirus and having regular screening tests. This study aimed to examine awareness of Palestinian women about myths related to CC causation and investigated factors associated with good awareness. METHODS: A national cross-sectional study was conducted to recruit adult Palestinian women from hospitals, primary healthcare facilities, and public areas in 11 Palestinian governorates. A translated-into-Arabic version of the Cancer Awareness Measure-Mythical Causes Scale was used to collect data. Awareness level was determined based on the number of CC myths around CC causation recognized to be incorrect: poor (0-4), fair (5-9), and good (10-13). RESULTS: A total of 7058 questionnaires were included. Myths unrelated to food were more commonly recognized as incorrect compared to those related to food. The most recognized food-unrelated myth was 'having a physical trauma' (n = 3714, 52.6%), whereas the least recognized was 'using mobile phones' (n = 2238, 31.7%). The most recognized food-related myth was 'drinking from plastic bottles' (n = 2708, 38.4%), whereas the least recognized was 'eating food containing additives' (n = 1118, 15.8%). Only 575 participants (8.1%) displayed good awareness and promptly recognized at least 10 out of 13 myths around CC causation as incorrect. Factors associated with lower likelihood of displaying good awareness of myths around CC causation included living in the West Bank and Jerusalem, being married, widowed or divorced, knowing someone with cancer, and visiting hospitals or primary healthcare centers. CONCLUSIONS: A very small proportion of Palestinian women recognized 10 or more myths around CC causes as incorrect. Initiatives addressing CC myths are needed in the Palestinian community.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino , Adulto , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/epidemiología , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/etiología , Neoplasias del Cuello Uterino/prevención & control , Estudios Transversales , Árabes , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Medio Oriente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 223, 2024 01 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238708

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This scoping review examines controllable predisposing factors attributable to cancer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region's adult population, highlighting opportunities to enhance cancer prevention programs. DESIGN: We systematically searched the PubMed, Science Direct, and CINAHL, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases from 1997 to 2022 for articles reporting on the impact of modifiable risk factors on adult patients with cancer in the MENA region. RESULTS: The review identified 42 relevant articles, revealing that tobacco consumption, obesity, physical inactivity, and diet are significant modifiable risk factors for cancer in the region. Tobacco smoking is a leading cause of lung, bladder, squamous cell carcinoma, and colorectal cancer. A shift towards a westernized, calorie-dense diet has been observed, with some evidence suggesting that a Mediterranean diet may be protective against cancer. Obesity is a known risk factor for cancer, particularly breast malignancy, but further research is needed to determine its impact in the MENA region. Physical inactivity has been linked to colorectal cancer, but more studies are required to establish this relationship conclusively. Alcohol consumption, infections, and exposure to environmental carcinogens are additional risk factors, although the literature on these topics is limited. CONCLUSION: The review emphasizes the need for further research and the development of targeted cancer prevention strategies in the MENA region.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Colorrectales , Obesidad , Adulto , Humanos , Factores de Riesgo , África del Norte/epidemiología , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/epidemiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/epidemiología
18.
Am J Pharm Educ ; 88(2): 100640, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181969

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to explore academic entitlement among pharmacy students in different pharmacy colleges in the Arab World and assess associated factors. METHODS: This study design was a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected using a self-administered electronic questionnaire posted across pharmacy college networks in 10 Arab countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates). The electronic survey was administered through Qualtrics Survey Software, and its link was open from January 23, 2022 to May 13, 2022. The multiple linear regression measured the association between different predictors and the academic entitlement. RESULTS: A total of 2386 surveys were received from students studying in 10 different Arab countries. The majority of responding students were male and studying in a Bachelor of pharmacy program. Students reported an agreeable attitude in 4 areas: rewards for efforts, customer orientation, customer service expectation, and general academic entitlement. In accommodation, a neutral attitude was reported, while they reported a disagreeing attitude in the responsibility avoidance domain. In grade haggling, the 3 items of the domain had different attitudes. Only 3 factors had a significant negative association with student entitlement (professionalism, GPA, and year in the study program). CONCLUSION: The academic entitlement scores among pharmacy students in the Arab World were high and had a negative association with professionalism perceptions. This study finding is a call for pharmacy programs to consider the effect of academic entitlement on pharmacy education and to obtain in-depth evidence on its magnitude and associated factors.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Farmacia , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Mundo Árabe , Medio Oriente
19.
J Affect Disord ; 350: 741-745, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220114

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic and climate crises have led to unprecedented food insecurity in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), with ramifications for people's affective well-being. The aim of the study is to explore the relationship between food insecurity and affective well-being in Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt, considering varied social protection responses across these countries. METHODS: We analyzed data from the COVID-19 MENA Monitor Household Panel Survey (2020-2021) and employed hybrid mixed-effects models to differentiate within-person and between-person associations between food insecurity and affective well-being. RESULTS: The findings show that higher food insecurity is associated with worse affective well-being, with significant cross-country differences. In Jordan, where extensive social protection was enacted during the pandemic, there is no significant within- or between-person association between food insecurity and affective well-being. By contrast, significant between-person associations are found in Morocco and Egypt, while within- and between-person associations are evidenced in Tunisia. These associations hold strong after controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and household circumstances. LIMITATIONS: Given COVID-19 restrictions, the sample was limited to the universe of working-age (18-64) mobile phone users, a demographic that often corresponds to higher levels of education and income. Therefore, the results of this study likely provide conservative estimates of the association between food insecurity and affective well-being in the full population. CONCLUSIONS: The findings emphasize the critical role of food security in maintaining affective well-being, particularly in non-Western contexts during global crises. They underline the importance of integrating food security considerations into mental health care strategies and interventions.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Pandemias , Abastecimiento de Alimentos , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , África del Norte/epidemiología , Inseguridad Alimentaria
20.
Virology ; 591: 109980, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215560

RESUMEN

Reverse genetics systems have only been successfully developed for a few plant rhabdoviruses. Additional systems are needed for molecular virology studies of these diverse viruses and development of viral vectors for biotechnological applications. Eggplant mottled dwarf virus (EMDV) is responsible for significant agricultural losses in various crops throughout the Mediterranean region and the Middle East. In this study, we report efficient recovery of infectious EMDV from cloned DNAs and engineering of EMDV-based vectors for the expression of foreign proteins in tobacco, eggplant, pepper, and potato plants. Furthermore, we show that the EMDV-based vectors are capable of simultaneously expressing multiple foreign proteins. The developed EMDV reverse genetics system offers a versatile tool for studying virus pathology and plant-virus interactions and for expressing foreign proteins in a range of solanaceous crops.


Asunto(s)
Rhabdoviridae , /genética , Medio Oriente
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