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1.
Lancet ; 395(10220): 273-284, 2020 01 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928765

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hong Kong has been embroiled in increasingly violent social unrest since June, 2019. We examined the associated population mental health burden, risk factors, and health-care needs. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort, adult participants aged 18 years or older were assessed at nine timepoints from 2009. Probable depression was measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (score ≥10) and suspected post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (score ≥14), plus direct exposure to traumatic events related to the ongoing social unrest. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify factors associated with both outcomes, adjusting for doctor-diagnosed depression or anxiety disorders before the unrest. On the basis of routine service statistics and respondents' intention to seek professional care, we projected the number of additional ambulatory specialist psychiatric visits required. FINDINGS: After the two baseline surveys, we followed up random subsets of 1213-1736 adults at each timepoint. Probable depression was reported by 11·2% (95% CI 9·8-12·7) of participants in 2019, compared with 1·9% (1·6-2·1) during 2009-14 and 6·5% (5·3-7·6) in 2017 after the Occupy Central Movement and before the current unrest. Prevalence of suspected PTSD in 2019 was estimated to be 12·8% (11·2-14·4). Age, sex, educational attainment, or household income were not associated with either outcome, whereas heavy social media use (≥2 h per day) was associated with both. Political attitude or protest participation was not associated with probable depression, but neutrality towards the extradition bill approximately halved the risk of suspected PTSD. Family support mitigated against probable depression. We estimated that the mental health burden identified would translate into roughly an excess 12% service requirement to the public sector queue or equivalent. INTERPRETATION: We have identified a major mental health burden during the social unrest in Hong Kong, which will require substantial increases in service surge capacity. Health-care and social care professionals should be vigilant in recognising possible mental health sequelae. In a world of increasing unrest, our findings might have implications for service planning to better protect population mental health globally. FUNDING: Research Grants Council, University Grants Committee of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.


Asunto(s)
Depresión/epidemiología , Exposición a la Violencia/psicología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/epidemiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Desórdenes Civiles/psicología , Femenino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/psicología , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Prospectivos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 576-584, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985665

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate that social media are used by plastic surgeons to educate and engage. The hashtag #PlasticSurgery has been studied previously and is embraced by American plastic surgeons and journals; however, no studies have examined its use or adoption across Europe. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 800 tweets containing the words "plastic surgery" or the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in four of the most spoken European languages worldwide excluding English (Spanish, #CirugiaPlastica; French, #ChirurgiePlastique; Portuguese, #CirurgiaPlastica; and German, #PlastischeChirurgie) was performed. The following were assessed: identity of author, subject matter, use of the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in each language, whether posts by surgeons and academic institutions were self-promotional or educational, and whether a link to a journal article or a reference in PubMed was provided. RESULTS: Seventeen percent and 3 percent of analyzed tweets came from plastic surgeons or academic institutions, respectively; only 17.5 percent of them were for educational purpose. None of them had any digital link to a peer-reviewed article or a scientific journal. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the low participation of plastic surgeons and academic institutions in social media (especially for education) in four of the major world languages. Social media should be considered in Europe as an opportunity to increase leadership, improve education, and spread knowledge of plastic surgery by board-certified plastic surgeons.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica/estadística & datos numéricos , Liderazgo , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Lenguaje , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/estadística & datos numéricos , Terminología como Asunto
3.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 48(1): 47-56, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30375920

RESUMEN

Progress and challenges in the analysis of big data in social media of adolescents Abstract. Social media are ubiquitous today, and adolescents use them to express their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. New interdisciplinary methods allow the automatic analysis of the massive amounts of data (big data) available on social networking websites using machine-learning tools to detect indicators of mental-health problems and disorders by identifying differences with common activity and communication patterns. This review first introduces the concept and potential fields of applications of big data in social media. It then discusses the first studies that used big data analyses and detected mental-health problems by identifying differences in the structure of social networks, in the use of certain words, and in the communication of opinions and sentiments. Future studies employing several assessment points could use longitudinal mediation analysis to model intraindividual changes in order to understand when and through which mechanisms social media use has an impact on mental health. Furthermore, future studies should include additional mental disorders, various sources of information, a broader age range, and additional social-networking websites to develop more precise models for the early detection of mental disorders. This would enable the development of personalised intervention programs to promote mental health and resilience in adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Macrodatos , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente , Comunicación , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología
4.
Anaesthesia ; 75(2): 227-233, 2020 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250430

RESUMEN

Traditional methods used to disseminate educational resources to front-line healthcare staff have several limitations. Social media may increase the visibility of these resources among targeted groups and communities. Our project aimed to disseminate key clinical messages from the National Tracheostomy Safety Project to those caring for patients with tracheostomies or laryngectomies. We commissioned an external media company to design educational material and devise a marketing strategy. We developed videos to communicate recommendations from the safety project and used Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and LinkedIn to deliver these to our target users. We recorded 629,270 impressions over a paid 12-week campaign. Our YouTube channel registered more than a five-fold increase in views and watch time during the campaign as compared with the previous year. Around two-thirds of views across all platforms were from peer-to-peer sharing. We spent £4140 on social media advertising, with each view and click costing £0.02 and £0.67, respectively. This intelligence-led approach using social media is an effective and efficient method to disseminate knowledge on the principles of safe tracheostomy care to front-line clinical staff. Similar strategies may be effective for other patient safety topics, especially when targeting groups that do not use medical journals or other traditional means of dissemination.


Asunto(s)
Difusión de la Información/métodos , Laringectomía , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Cuidados Posoperatorios/métodos , Teléfono Inteligente , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Traqueostomía , Humanos , Seguridad del Paciente , Reino Unido
5.
Nursing ; 49(11): 52-56, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651777

RESUMEN

Studies have found that social media can act as a catalyst to negative attitudes and behaviors in adolescents. This article reviews the current evidence and explores if there is a connection between social media and mental health issues.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Humanos , Medición de Riesgo
6.
Sleep Health ; 5(6): 539-545, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523005

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Bedtime social media use is associated with poor sleep during adolescence, which in turn contributes to poor mental health, impaired daytime functioning and lower academic achievement. However, the underlying drivers for these bedtime social media habits remain understudied. This study adds an adolescent perspective on motivations for bedtime social media use and perceived impact on sleep. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-17 years (n = 24) participated in focus group discussions exploring their experiences of using social media, particularly at night. Inductive reflexive thematic analysis produced themes that captured underlying drivers for social media use and associated impact on sleep. RESULTS: Our analyses produced two overarching themes: Missing Out and Norms & Expectations. Adolescents' nighttime social media use was driven by concerns over negative consequences for real-world relationships if they disconnected (often reporting delayed bedtimes, insufficient sleep and daytime tiredness). These concerns included the risk of offline peer exclusion from missing out on online interactions, and the fear of social disapproval from violating norms around online availability and prompt responses. CONCLUSIONS: These findings offer novel insight into why adolescents may choose to prioritize social media over sleep. Researchers and practitioners can respond to the evolving needs of today's adolescents by approaching social media use not as a technology-based activity, but as an embedded social experience underpinned by the same concerns as offline interactions.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Motivación , Sueño , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Factores de Tiempo
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 135, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558934

RESUMEN

Introduction: The rate of sexually transmitted infection's, including HIV has increased in recent years in Ethiopia. Many adolescents and young people still do not protect themselves against unintended pregnancies and STIs. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the predictors of risky sexual behavior among pre-college students in Adama Town, Ethiopia. Methods: School based cross-sectional study was employed. In this study 364 students were recruited from all pre-college schools in Adama town, Ethiopia. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to examine the relationship between the outcome variables and independent variables. Results: The mean age at sexual debut was 16.1 years (± 2.72SD). Social media usage for sexual activity and having multiple sexual partners were observed among students. About 7% of students used social media for watching pornography. The odds of risky sexual behaviour were higher among social media users compared to the nonusers AOR = 1.23 (95% CI 1.13,3.12). Risky sexual behaviour was almost 4 times more likely among night club goers AOR = 4.294 (95% CI: 2.033, 9.073). Peer pressure and substance abuse were also a significant predictor for risky sexual behavior AOR = 6.97 (95% CI: 4.24, 9.69). Conclusion: Social media use, peer pressure, substance abuse, and night club going were found to be significantly associated with risky sexual behaviour among pre-college students. Thus, schools need to establish and strengthen reproductive health clubs to be able to equip students with required skills and knowledge about sexuality. Parents should be aware of the dynamic behavioral change of their children, listen and attend to their needs.


Asunto(s)
Asunción de Riesgos , Conducta Sexual/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Literatura Erótica/psicología , Etiopía , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Influencia de los Compañeros , Instituciones Académicas , Parejas Sexuales , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
8.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(9): 604-609, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526298

RESUMEN

Although the growing prevalence of social media usage raises concerns about its potentially negative impact on mental health and distress, research has found mixed results. This study resolves these inconsistencies by examining the association between hours of time spent on social media use and psychological distress in a sample of New Zealand adults (N = 19,075). After adjusting for demographics and time spent on various other activities (e.g., exercise, sleep, and housework), social media use correlated positively with psychological distress. Although social media use had one of the largest per-hour unit associations with psychological distress compared with time spent engaging in other habitual activities, the association was very weak. Thus, only excessive amounts of social media usage would result in practical changes in distress. These findings provide robust data from a large-scale national probability sample of adults, demonstrating that social media use is typically not a serious risk factor for psychological distress.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Adulto , Humanos , Nueva Zelanda/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3968, 2019 09 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481650

RESUMEN

The current study uses big data to study prosocial behavior by analyzing donations made on the GoFundMe platform. In a dataset of more than $44 million in online donations, we find that 21% were made while opting to be anonymous to the public, with survey results indicating that 11% of these anonymous donations (2.3% of all donations) are not attributable to any egoistic goal. Additionally, we find that donors gave significantly more to recipients who had the same last name as them. We find evidence that men and women donated more when more donors of the opposite sex were visible on the screen at the time of donating. Our results suggest that men and women were both significantly affected by the average donation amounts visible at the time of their decisions, and men were influenced more. We find that women expressed significantly more empathy than men in messages accompanying their donations.


Asunto(s)
Organizaciones de Beneficencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Motivación , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Altruismo , Organizaciones de Beneficencia/economía , Toma de Decisiones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nombres , Sistemas en Línea , Conducta Social , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/economía , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(9): 610-614, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397593

RESUMEN

This study investigated the link between experience of daily stress, depression symptoms, and the Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD) in Germany and in the United States. In samples from both countries (German sample: N = 531; U.S. sample: N = 909), daily stress was positively associated with FAD. Depression symptoms significantly positively moderated this positive relationship. Thus, current findings demonstrate that depressed individuals who often tend to intensively use Facebook to escape from daily stress and to find relief and social support are at enhanced risk to develop FAD, which reinforces their negative symptoms. Therefore, interventions for depressed individuals should include alternative strategies to cope with daily stressors.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Adictiva/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Alemania , Humanos , Estados Unidos
11.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(3): 773-781, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461046

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess readability of articles shared on Twitter and analyze differences between them to determine whether messages and written posts are at reading levels comprehended by the general public. METHODS: Top-rated #PlasticSurgery tweets (per Twitter algorithm) in January of 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Text from tweeted links to full, open-access, and society/institutional patient information articles were extracted. Readability was analyzed using the following established tests: Coleman-Liau, Flesch-Kincaid, FORCAST Readability Formula, Fry Graph, Gunning Fog Index, New Dale-Chall Formula, New Fog Count, Raygor Readability Estimate, and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook Readability Formula. Ease-of-reading was analyzed using the Flesch Reading Ease Index. RESULTS: Of 234 unique articles, there were 101 full journal (43 percent), 65 open-access journal (28 percent), and 68 patient information (29 percent) articles. When compared using the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook Readability Formula, full and open-access journal articles attained similar mean reading levels of 17.7 and 17.5, respectively (p = 0.475). In contrast, patient information articles had a significantly lower mean readability level of 13.9 (p < 0.001). Plastic surgeons posted 128 articles (55 percent) and non-plastic surgeon individuals posted 106 articles (45 percent). Mean readability levels between the two were 16.2 and 16.9, respectively (p < 0.001). All tweeted articles were above the sixth-grade recommended reading level. CONCLUSIONS: Readability of #PlasticSurgery articles may not be appropriate for many American adults. Consideration should be given to improving readability of articles targeted toward the general public to optimize delivery of social media messages.


Asunto(s)
Comprensión , Alfabetización en Salud , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Humanos , Difusión de la Información/métodos , Publicación de Acceso Abierto , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Cirujanos , Estados Unidos
12.
Pap. psicol ; 40(2): 109-124, mayo-ago. 2019. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183641

RESUMEN

El presente estudio es una revisión sistemática de las investigaciones realizadas sobre los factores de riesgo y los factores protectores relacionados con el ciberbullying entre adolescentes. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos Web of Science, PsycARTICLES, EBSCOhost, Science Direct Journals, Scopus y Springer Journals. Luego de aplicar los criterios de inclusión a los 226 artículos encon-trados inicialmente, se tuvo como resultado un total de 39 artículos que conformaron la muestra final. El N total de las muestras fue 173.179 adolescentes. La investigación con la muestra más pequeña tuvo 90 participantes y la muestra más grande estuvo conforma-da por 72.327 personas. Los factores de riesgo y los factores protectores están relacionados con el uso de Internet y las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación, aspectos familiares, sociales, psicológicos e individuales. La información consignada en esta re-visión sistemática deja ver la importancia de programas de intervención que prevengan y atiendan el ciberbullying, en los que se in-volucre a la familia, la escuela y la sociedad


The present study is a systematic review of the research on the risk and protective factors related to cyberbullying among adolescents. The research was carried out using the databases Web of Science, PsycARTICLES, EBSCOhost, Science Direct journals, Scopus and Springer journals. Applying the inclusion criteria to the 226 articles initially found, resulted in a total of 39 articles that made up the final sample. The total N of the samples was 173,179 adolescents. The research with the smallest sample had 90 participants and the largest sample was made up of 72,327 participants. The risk and protective factors are related to the use of the Internet and information and communication technologies, family, social, psychological and individual aspects. The information contained in this systematic review shows the importance of intervention programs that prevent and address cyberbullying, involving family, school and society


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adolescente , Acoso Escolar/psicología , Factores de Riesgo , Factores Protectores , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Psicología del Adolescente , Internet , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos
13.
J Sports Sci ; 37(21): 2467-2474, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345110

RESUMEN

This study aimed to explore how social media is being used by sports nutritionists as part of service provision, as well as practitioners' experiences and opinions of its use in practice. An exploratory sequential mixed methods approach was used during this research. Forty-four sports nutritionists completed an online survey detailing their personal and professional social media use. Semi-structured follow-up interviews were conducted with 16 participants who volunteered to do so. Survey responses were collated and reported as descriptive statistics. Interviews were thematically analysed. Social media was used by 89% of sports nutritionists to support practice, of which 97% perceived its use to be beneficial. Platforms were used to deliver information and resources, and support athletes online via pages, groups and 1-2-1 messaging. Social media facilitated improved communication between the practitioner and the athlete, as well as facilitating mobile and visual learning. Lack of digital intervention training and time were reported as challenges to social media use in practice. Sports nutritionists have embraced social media as an extension of service provision. Professional education should now consider supporting nutritionists' in developing digital professionalism.


Asunto(s)
Nutricionistas , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Deportes , Atletas/psicología , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Comunicación , Utilización de Instalaciones y Servicios , Humanos , Irlanda , Aprendizaje , Aplicaciones Móviles/estadística & datos numéricos , Nutricionistas/psicología , Teléfono Inteligente/estadística & datos numéricos , Reino Unido
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(2): 499-504, 2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348367

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The use of social media to discuss topics related to and within plastic surgery has become widespread in recent years; however, it remains unclear how to use this abundance of largely untapped data to propagate educational research in the field of plastic surgery. In this prospective, observational study, the authors aimed to delineate which plastic surgery-related topics evoked a significant emotional response within the study population and to assess the utility of motivational artificial intelligence within the field of plastic surgery. METHODS: Over a 4-month period (January to April of 2018), Cognovi Lab's artificial intelligence technology was used to search and analyze emotional reactions to several commonly hashtagged words. This innovative software uses several key metrics to describe its findings, including awareness, engagement, and motivation. RESULTS: Of the search terms examined, "nose job" had the most awareness during the study period, and the topic that most engaged consumers emotionally was "liposuction." Interestingly, "liposuction" ranked only fifth in terms of awareness. Consumers showed the strongest positive motivation toward the subjects of "plastic surgery" and "cosmetic surgery," and the lowest motivation toward the topic of "tummy tucks." CONCLUSIONS: This analysis by Cognovi Labs is the first quantitative effort to use the plethora of data on social media to interpret patient motivations and subsequent behavior. Moving forward, artificial intelligence technology will make it possible to predict which plastic surgery products, procedures, and practices will be successful. The findings presented in this article describe the unique viewpoint and power that this technology can deliver.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial/estadística & datos numéricos , Satisfacción del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/métodos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Inteligencia Emocional , Estética , Femenino , Humanos , Aprendizaje Automático , Masculino , Estudios Prospectivos , Cirugía Plástica/psicología , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
Br J Nurs ; 28(13): 870-877, 2019 Jul 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303048

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In 2016 the Nursing and Midwifery Council in the UK introduced revalidation, which is the process nurses are required to follow to renew their registration. This provides an opportunity for nurses to shape, develop and evolve social media to meet their professional requirements. AIMS: to examine different ways nurses can use social media tools for continuous professional development (CPD) and revalidation. METHODS: using a qualitative reflective design, data were gathered from content on the @WeNurses platform and activities organised with other leading health organisations in England. These data were analysed using the social media relationship triangle developed by the authors with a thematic analysis approach. FINDINGS: analysis revealed that social media was used in six categories: publishing, sharing, messaging, discussing, collaborating, and networking. Organised social media events such as: blogs, tweetchats, Twitter storms, webinars, infographics, podcasts, videos and virtual book clubs can support nurses with revalidation and professional development. CONCLUSION: Through using a participatory CPD approach and embracing professional social media applications nurses have moved social media from the concept of a revolution to an evolution.


Asunto(s)
Certificación , Educación Continua en Enfermería/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Investigación en Evaluación de Enfermería , Reino Unido
16.
Accid Anal Prev ; 131: 146-156, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255800

RESUMEN

This research utilised a qualitative and quantitative study to examine a sample of young drivers' perceptions of deterrent forces, both legal and non-legal, for the behaviour of phone use while driving. First, focus groups were conducted with 60 drivers between the ages of 17 and 25 years who resided in Queensland, Australia. This qualitative study utilised an inductive approach to elicit participants' perceptions without omitting important ideas. Legal sanctions were associated with low perceptions of enforcement certainty. Meanwhile, the only non-legal sanction to emerge was the concept of "safety"; many participants were deterred from using their phone while driving for fear of injury or death to themselves or others. The types of social media most likely to be engaged in were explored and sending videos or photos via the application Snapchat emerged as the most common social media application used among the sample. Consequently, the subsequent quantitative study focused on deterrent forces associated with Snapchat use while driving. A survey was utilised with a separate sample of young drivers aged 17-25 years (n = 503). The impact of the threat of legal sanctions on Snapchat use while driving was examined through classical deterrence theory and Stafford and Warr's (1993) reconceptualised deterrence theory. The non-legal factor of perceived safety was also included in the quantitative study. None of the classical deterrence variables (e.g., certainty, severity and swiftness) reached significance while all the reconceptualised deterrence variables (e.g., direct and indirect punishment and punishment avoidance), as well as perceived safety, were significant predictors of Snapchat use while driving. It is suggested that perceptions of certainty of apprehension need to be increased for phone use while driving. The findings show the current impact of deterrent initiatives for phone use while driving as well as provide the first examination of deterrents for the specific mobile phone behaviour of Snapchat use while driving.


Asunto(s)
Conducción de Automóvil/psicología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Accidentes de Tránsito/prevención & control , Accidentes de Tránsito/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Conducción de Automóvil/estadística & datos numéricos , Teléfono Celular , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación Cualitativa , Queensland , Control Social Formal , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/legislación & jurisprudencia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
17.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 22(8): 535-542, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361508

RESUMEN

Adolescent use of social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat has increased dramatically over the last decade and now pervades their everyday social lives. Active and passive social media use may impact emotional health differently, but little is known about whether and to what extent either type of social media use influences emotional distress among young people. We analyzed population survey data collected from Icelandic adolescents (N = 10,563) to document the prevalence of social media use and investigate the relationship of both active and passive social media use with self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood. A hierarchical linear regression model revealed that passive social media use was related to greater symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood among adolescents and active social media use was related to decreased symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood, even after controlling for time spent on social media. When adding known risk and protective factors, self-esteem, offline peer support, poor body image, and social comparison to the model, active use was not related to emotional distress; however, passive use was still related to adolescent symptoms of anxiety and depressed mood. The effect of social media on emotional distress differed by gender as time spent on social media had a stronger relationship with emotional distress among girls. In addition, passive use was more strongly related to symptoms of depressed mood among girls. Future research should include risk and protective factors as mediators of different types of social media use and adolescent emotional distress.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Islandia/epidemiología , Masculino , Prevalencia , Autoimagen , Autoinforme
19.
Glob Health Action ; 12(1): 1552652, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154985

RESUMEN

Background: Digital traces are rapidly used for health monitoring purposes in recent years. This approach is growing as the consequence of increased use of mobile phone, Internet, and machine learning. Many studies reported the use of Google Trends data as a potential data source to assist traditional surveillance systems. The rise of Internet penetration (54.7%) and the huge utilization of Google (98%) indicate the potential use of Google Trends in Indonesia. No study was performed to measure the correlation between country wide official dengue reports and Google Trends data in Indonesia. Objective: This study aims to measure the correlation between Google Trends data on dengue fever and the Indonesian national surveillance report. Methods: This research was a quantitative study using time series data (2012-2016). Two sets of data were analyzed using Moving Average analysis in Microsoft Excel. Pearson and Time lag correlations were also used to measure the correlation between those data. Results: Moving Average analysis showed that Google Trends data have a linear time series pattern with official dengue report. Pearson correlation indicated high correlation for three defined search terms with R-value range from 0.921 to 0.937 (p ≤ 0.05, overall period) which showed increasing trend in epidemic periods (2015-2016). Time lag correlation also indicated that Google Trends data can potentially be used for an early warning system and novel tool to monitor public reaction before the increase of dengue cases and during the outbreak. Conclusions: Google Trends data have a linear time series pattern and statistically correlated with annual official dengue reports. Identification of information-seeking behavior is needed to support the use of Google Trends for disease surveillance in Indonesia.


Asunto(s)
Dengue/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Epidemias/estadística & datos numéricos , Vigilancia de la Población/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Teléfono Celular , Predicción , Humanos , Indonesia/epidemiología , Internet
20.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 7(6): e13987, 2019 06 24.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237239

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With the rise of mobile technology, an increasing number of people use mobile-based social media to access health information. Many scholars have explored the nature of health information on social media; however, the impact of such information on people was understudied. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the nature and impact of health information on mobile-based social media. Specifically, we investigated how the levels of threat and efficacy of breast cancer prevention information affect individuals' engagement with the information, such as readings and likes. METHODS: Breast cancer prevention articles posted on a Chinese mobile-based social media platform (ie, WeChat Subscription Account [WeChat SA]) from January 1 to December 31, 2017, were extracted using the Python Web Crawler. We used content analysis and analysis of covariance to analyze our data. RESULTS: The results revealed that the vast majority of titles and main bodies of the articles involved one of the extended parallel process model components: threat or efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer prevention information on WeChat SA was well designed. Both threat and efficacy significantly affected the number of readings, whereas only efficacy had a significant effect on the number of likes. Moreover, breast cancer prevention information that contained both high levels of threat and efficacy gained the largest number of readings and likes.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/instrumentación , Telemedicina/normas , Adulto , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , China , Femenino , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/normas , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Telemedicina/estadística & datos numéricos
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