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1.
Euro Surveill ; 25(10)2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183935

RESUMEN

The peak of Internet searches and social media data about the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak occurred 10-14 days earlier than the peak of daily incidences in China. Internet searches and social media data had high correlation with daily incidences, with the maximum r > 0.89 in all correlations. The lag correlations also showed a maximum correlation at 8-12 days for laboratory-confirmed cases and 6-8 days for suspected cases.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Internet , Laboratorios/estadística & datos numéricos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Vigilancia de la Población/métodos , Motor de Búsqueda/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Navegador Web/estadística & datos numéricos , China/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Humanos , Incidencia , Neumonía Viral/diagnóstico , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Práctica de Salud Pública , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Navegador Web/tendencias
2.
Am Surg ; 86(2): 152-157, 2020 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106909

RESUMEN

The professional use of social media is increasingly prevalent today, particularly in medicine and surgery. Several recent movements have highlighted the strengths of this forum for networking and mentorship for females in surgery who otherwise may lack mentors locally. We sought to describe modern uses for and strengths of social media for women in surgery globally via a systematic review of the literature. Multiple efforts and avenues have promoted gender equality in surgery, while also uniting female surgeons in a collaborative virtual network of colleagues. In particular, movements on Twitter, such as #ILookLikeASurgeon and #NYerORCoverChallenge, as well as other collaborative virtual fora have brought visibility to female surgeons, while drawing the young population of students and trainees toward surgical careers. Social media provides a unique opportunity for female trainees and established surgeons alike to network and establish mentorship relationships, which may aid in fostering interest in surgery and closing the gender gap in our field.


Asunto(s)
Tutoría , Médicos Mujeres , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Cirujanos , Selección de Profesión , Femenino , Humanos , Tutoría/métodos , Mentores/estadística & datos numéricos , Médicos Mujeres/organización & administración , Médicos Mujeres/provisión & distribución , Salarios y Beneficios/estadística & datos numéricos , Sexismo , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/organización & administración , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Cirujanos/organización & administración , Cirujanos/provisión & distribución
3.
Am J Public Health ; 110(3): 357-362, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855475

RESUMEN

Objectives. To use publicly accessible data from people who post to Twitter to rapidly capture and describe the public's recent experiences with cannabis.Methods. We obtained Twitter posts containing cannabis-related terms from May 1, 2018, to December 31, 2018. We used methods to distinguish between posts from social bots and nonbots. We used text classifiers to identify topics in posts (n = 60 861).Results. Prevalent topics of posts included using cannabis with mentions of cannabis initiation, processed cannabis products, and health and medical with posts suggesting that cannabis could help with cancer, sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Polysubstance use was a common topic with mentions of cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, LSD, meth, mushrooms, and Xanax along with cannabis. Social bots regularly made health claims about cannabis.Conclusions. Findings suggest that processed cannabis products, unsubstantiated health claims about cannabis products, and the co-use of cannabis with legal and illicit substances warrant considerations by public health researchers in the future.


Asunto(s)
Cannabis , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Humanos , Drogas Ilícitas , Marihuana Medicinal
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 784-802, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047568

RESUMEN

O câncer ainda é associado a dor, morte e sofrimento, e muitos cidadãos, com medo de um diagnóstico, adotam comportamento de esquiva de médicos e exames. Com o surgimento das mídias sociais, o tema tem sido tratado em plataformas como Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, entre outras. O objetivo deste estudo é averiguar se há um padrão de conteúdo sobre câncer que gere engajamento no aplicativo de imagens Instagram. Foram selecionados dois perfis brasileiros de instituições de câncer no Instagram, e um estudo qualitativo de análise de conteúdo de posts e comentários foi aplicado, sendo associado posteriormente a análises estatísticas. Foi selecionado todo o conteúdo de dois hospitais oncológicos brasileiros durante quatro anos, totalizando 1.935 postagens no Instagram. Além dos posts, buscamos entender o comportamento dos usuários dessas mídias quando o tema é câncer, por meio dos 2.239 comentários e dos 4.603 Emojis. Podemos afirmar que há interesse pelo tema, o qual é abordado sem preconceitos por internautas e que muitos buscam formas diferenciadas de gratificação no uso do aplicativo.


Cancer is a disease still associated with pain, death and suffering and many people, afraid of a diagnosis, adopt dodging behavior from doctors and tests. Despite this phenomenon as old as the disease, the emergence of social media has brought the topic to platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, among others. T77he goal of this study is to determine if there is a cancer content standard that creates more engagement on Instagram. Two Brazilian cancer institutions Instagram profiles were selected and a qualitative study of content analysis was applied, later associating it with statistical analysis. During four years, the entire contents of two Brazilian cancer hospitals were selected, totaling 1,935 posts on Instagram. In addition to the posts produced by the two institutions, we sought to understand user behavior on this media when the topic is cancer, through 2,239 comments and 4,603 Emojis. Given the fact that the two profiles attract about 120,000 users, we can affirm that there is interest on the topic, Internet users address the topic with no prejudice and many seek different ways of gratification using the app.


El cáncer es una enfermedad aún asociada al dolor, muerte y sufrimiento y muchos ciudadanos, con miedo de un diagnóstico, adoptan comportamiento de esquiva de médicos y exámenes. A pesar de ese fenómeno tan antiguo cuanto a la enfermedad, el surgimiento de las Redes Sociales trajo el tema a plataformas como Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Youtube, entre otras. El objetivo de este estudio es averiguar si hay un estándar de contenido sobre cáncer que genera engagement en la aplicación de imágenes Instagram. Dos perfiles brasileños de instituciones de cáncer en el Instagram fueran seleccionados y un estudio cualitativo de análisis de contenido de posts y comentarios fue aplicado, asociado posteriormente a análisis estadísticos. Durante cuatro años, fue seleccionado todo el contenido de dos hospitales oncológicos brasileños, totalizando 1.935 posts en el Instagram. Además de los posts producidos por las dos instituciones, buscamos entender el comportamiento de los usuarios de esos medios cuando el tema es cáncer, a través de 2.239 comentarios y de 4.603 Emojis. Ante los dos perfiles que atraen a cerca de 120 mil usuarios, podemos afirmar que hay interés por el tema, que el tema es abordado sin prejuicios por internautas y que muchos buscan formas diferenciadas de gratificación en el uso de la aplicación.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Estrés Psicológico , Emociones , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Promoción de la Salud , Neoplasias , Estudio Comparativo , Comunicación , Discurso , Dibujo , Correo Electrónico , Hospitales
8.
Int J Eat Disord ; 52(10): 1150-1156, 2019 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381168

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Online forums allow people to semi-anonymously discuss their struggles, often leading to greater honesty. This characteristic makes forums valuable for identifying users in need of immediate help from mental health professionals. Because it would be impractical to manually review every post on a forum to identify users in need of urgent help, there may be value to developing algorithms for automatically detecting posts reflecting a heightened risk of imminent plans to engage in disordered behaviors. METHOD: Five natural language processing techniques (tools to perform computational text analysis) were used on a data set of 4,812 posts obtained from six eating disorder-related subreddits. Two licensed clinical psychologists labeled 53 of these posts, deciding whether or not the content of the post indicated that its author needed immediate professional help. The remaining 4,759 posts were unlabeled. RESULTS: Each of the five techniques ranked the 50 posts most likely to be intervention-worthy (the "top-50"). The two most accurate detection techniques had an error rate of 4% for their respective top-50. DISCUSSION: This article demonstrates the feasibility of automatically detecting-with only a few dozen labeled examples-the posts of individuals in need of immediate mental health support for an eating disorder.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/diagnóstico , Salud Mental/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(8)2019 Aug 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382569

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: Cancer is an unresolved public health issue in society. With the advent of the internet and the development in the technological sector, access to basic health-related information has become more frequent among patients and healthy individuals. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of educational intervention on the participant's willingness to undergo selected medical procedures in case of suspected cancer. Materials and Methods: From 14 May 2015 to 13 November 2016, a total of 1118 who visited the Polish scientific website were enrolled in the 'Polish Online Randomized Intervention aimed at Neoplasm Avoidance' (PORINA) and randomized into two groups (educational and control). The original Cancer Knowledge Index (CKI) was used for the evaluation of participants' cancer-related knowledge. They were asked to declare whether they would consent to undergo selected medical procedures necessary for cancer diagnosis or treatment. Results: Most participants declared their readiness to undergo abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography, and a nevi excision. The most noticeable changes were found for potential consent to undergo breast fine needle aspiration, mammography and gastroscopy. Conclusions: The level of oncological knowledge has an impact on individual decision to consent to particular medical procedures. Conducted educational intervention has significantly increased the readiness to undergo selected medical procedures.


Asunto(s)
Alfabetización en Salud/normas , Neoplasias/prevención & control , Adulto , Femenino , Alfabetización en Salud/tendencias , Humanos , Internet/tendencias , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Polonia , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract ; 22(3): 387-396, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395321

RESUMEN

Technology plays a vital role in herpetoculture because ectothermic animals rely on their environment to carry out basic physiologic functions. Controlling the environment appropriately ensures the health and welfare of captive reptiles and amphibians. This article summarizes some of the technological advances and products currently available, including lighting, climate control, and recordkeeping.


Asunto(s)
Anfibios/fisiología , Reptiles/fisiología , Medicina Veterinaria/tendencias , Animales , Humedad , Rayos Infrarrojos , Luz , Iluminación , Registros/normas , Registros/veterinaria , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/normas , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Temperatura , Rayos Ultravioleta , Medicina Veterinaria/métodos , Calidad del Agua/normas
12.
Emerg Med J ; 36(8): 453-455, 2019 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292205

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Clinicians in the emergency care specialties often access information via social media (SM) to supplement their learning. The rapid and user-centred dissemination of information via SM speeds knowledge translation and means unnoticed errors may propagate quickly. East Midlands Emergency Medicine Educational Media is a UK web-based resource that produces emergency medicine-related learning materials. In October 2018, we inadvertently shared two sets of incorrect learning materials via SM because of a non-intentional mistake. We highlight how these errors were perpetuated and then corrected. METHOD: In October 2018, two separate posts were published on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Reddit. One was an incorrect ECG where a paced rhythm was published instead of an ECG of hypocalcaemia; the other was incorrect information contained within an infographic. We reviewed the analytics of the posts, on each of the SM platforms. RESULTS: The ECG mistake was picked up on Facebook 40 hours after posting by a follower. The infographic mistake was picked up on Reddit, within 3 hours. Despite these mistakes, and their correction, they continued to be shared on both Twitter and Facebook. The posts reached over 15 000 people. CONCLUSION: Highlighting errors in educational content shared on SM is rarely reported in academic literature. We feel disclosure, and adding an update to the post is the best methodology to amend errors. We invite debate on a strategy to elucidate the number of errors in medical educational resources shared via SM and strategies on how to correct and improve them.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/normas , Educación Médica Continua/métodos , Educación Médica Continua/normas , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Reino Unido
13.
Health Mark Q ; 36(3): 220-235, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267822

RESUMEN

This study examines variables associated with behavior for obtaining prescription medications with or without doctors' prescriptions following direct-to-consumer prescription medication advertisement (DTCA) exposure. Data were analyzed from 631 college students. We found that viewing traditional or cable television DTCA was associated with lower agreement for obtaining prescription medications from a doctor. Reading social media DTCA print content on Twitter was associated with higher agreement for obtaining a prescription medication without a doctor's prescription. In conclusion, college students go for digital social media DTCA and not digital Internet DTCA or traditional DTCA.


Asunto(s)
Publicidad Directa al Consumidor , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información , Medicamentos bajo Prescripción/administración & dosificación , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Adulto , Industria Farmacéutica/economía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos , Medicamentos bajo Prescripción/economía , Teoría Psicológica , Estudiantes , Adulto Joven
14.
World Neurosurg ; 130: e660-e665, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276855

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: YouTube has rapidly become one of the most widely accessed educational platforms of our time. Over 1 billion hours of YouTube content are viewed every day, including neurosurgical videos. To date, there has never been a qualitative analysis of neurosurgical content on YouTube. METHODS: By evaluating the search interest of neurosurgical terms via Google Trends, we selected 8 search terms to assess on YouTube. For each term, we selected the top 20 videos, 10 when sorting by view count and 10 when sorting by relevance. Using the DISCERN criteria, we evaluated 131 unique YouTube videos to assess bias and overall educational quality. In addition, we categorized each video based on its intended utility and the credentials of the video's commentator. The number of views, average DISCERN scores, and bias scores were compared between search terms and between video categories. RESULTS: There were 131 unique and 29 duplicate videos. The videos received 143,538,363 combined views (1,104,141 average). The average video age was 4.6 years (range, 66 days to 12.5 years). The term "brain surgery" received the most total views (62,339,885), with an average DISCERN score of 1.65 overall and 2 for bias. The average DISCERN score was 2.02 overall and 2.39 for bias. There were 45 advertisements for either hospitals, physicians, or companies, totaling 18,052,873 views and averaging a DISCERN score of 2.04. CONCLUSIONS: YouTube is a frequently viewed but biased source for neurosurgical information. Advertisements are frequently disguised as educational material, and few videos provide references or sources for their information.


Asunto(s)
Neurocirujanos/educación , Neurocirujanos/normas , Procedimientos Neuroquirúrgicos/educación , Procedimientos Neuroquirúrgicos/normas , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/normas , Grabación en Video/normas , Humanos , Difusión de la Información/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Grabación en Video/métodos
15.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(3): 383-391, 2019 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361149

RESUMEN

Medical students increasingly utilize social media platforms to supplement their preclinical learning; however, the prevalence of social media use for physiology learning in medical education remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine how first-year medical students from both direct entry medicine and graduate entry medicine interacted with social media as a learning tool by assessing its prevalence, perceived benefits, favored platforms, and reason(s) for its use. Seventy-one percent of surveyed students (out of 139 participants) stated that they interacted with social media in general more than 12 times per week. However, 98% had previously used internet platforms to source physiology information, with 89.2% doing so at least once per week during term. YouTube was the primary source of learning for 76% of students. Significantly, 94% of students indicated that they would first search for answers online if they did not understand something in physiology rather than contacting their instructor in person or by e-mail. However, only 31% of students "fact-checked" physiology information obtained from online sources, by using textbooks, papers, and/or instructors. Our study has revealed that most preclinical medical students utilize social media extensively to study physiology. However, the absence of academic and ethical oversight, paired with students' lack of critical appraisal of possibly inaccurate information, does raise concerns about the overall utility of social media as part of physiology education.


Asunto(s)
Internet/tendencias , Fisiología/educación , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven
16.
J Med Internet Res ; 21(5): e12881, 2019 05 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344669

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Studies examining how sentiment on social media varies depending on timing and location appear to produce inconsistent results, making it hard to design systems that use sentiment to detect localized events for public health applications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure how common timing and location confounders explain variation in sentiment on Twitter. METHODS: Using a dataset of 16.54 million English-language tweets from 100 cities posted between July 13 and November 30, 2017, we estimated the positive and negative sentiment for each of the cities using a dictionary-based sentiment analysis and constructed models to explain the differences in sentiment using time of day, day of week, weather, city, and interaction type (conversations or broadcasting) as factors and found that all factors were independently associated with sentiment. RESULTS: In the full multivariable model of positive (Pearson r in test data 0.236; 95% CI 0.231-0.241) and negative (Pearson r in test data 0.306; 95% CI 0.301-0.310) sentiment, the city and time of day explained more of the variance than weather and day of week. Models that account for these confounders produce a different distribution and ranking of important events compared with models that do not account for these confounders. CONCLUSIONS: In public health applications that aim to detect localized events by aggregating sentiment across populations of Twitter users, it is worthwhile accounting for baseline differences before looking for unexpected changes.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Análisis Espacio-Temporal , Humanos
17.
Pediatrics ; 144(2)2019 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341006

RESUMEN

Over the past decade, there have been numerous cases around the world in which parents have used digital media to orchestrate public opposition to doctors' recommendations. Parents are not always "successful" with such efforts; these cases have mixed outcomes and, sometimes, unintended consequences for parents. In this article, we address the current lack of understanding of parents' goals, motivations, and rationalizations in initiating such campaigns. We analyze 12 cases in which parental digital media campaigns went viral that occurred between 2007 and 2018, with the aim of better understanding parents' motivations for going public. We identify 7 themes raised by parent-initiated digital media campaigns: (1) changing doctors' minds, (2) being heard, (3) feeling empowered, (4) buying more time, (5) raising public awareness, (6) feeling that they have done everything possible, and (7) financial gain. Greater attunement to these themes and what is driving parents in such conflicts may help to disrupt the highly adversarial narrative surrounding such cases. It may also inform how clinicians approach disagreements that cross a certain threshold of public interest at the bedside.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación/tendencias , Disentimientos y Disputas , Padres/psicología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
18.
Glob Health Action ; 12(1): 1552652, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154985

RESUMEN

Background: Digital traces are rapidly used for health monitoring purposes in recent years. This approach is growing as the consequence of increased use of mobile phone, Internet, and machine learning. Many studies reported the use of Google Trends data as a potential data source to assist traditional surveillance systems. The rise of Internet penetration (54.7%) and the huge utilization of Google (98%) indicate the potential use of Google Trends in Indonesia. No study was performed to measure the correlation between country wide official dengue reports and Google Trends data in Indonesia. Objective: This study aims to measure the correlation between Google Trends data on dengue fever and the Indonesian national surveillance report. Methods: This research was a quantitative study using time series data (2012-2016). Two sets of data were analyzed using Moving Average analysis in Microsoft Excel. Pearson and Time lag correlations were also used to measure the correlation between those data. Results: Moving Average analysis showed that Google Trends data have a linear time series pattern with official dengue report. Pearson correlation indicated high correlation for three defined search terms with R-value range from 0.921 to 0.937 (p ≤ 0.05, overall period) which showed increasing trend in epidemic periods (2015-2016). Time lag correlation also indicated that Google Trends data can potentially be used for an early warning system and novel tool to monitor public reaction before the increase of dengue cases and during the outbreak. Conclusions: Google Trends data have a linear time series pattern and statistically correlated with annual official dengue reports. Identification of information-seeking behavior is needed to support the use of Google Trends for disease surveillance in Indonesia.


Asunto(s)
Dengue/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades/estadística & datos numéricos , Epidemias/estadística & datos numéricos , Vigilancia de la Población/métodos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Teléfono Celular , Predicción , Humanos , Indonesia/epidemiología , Internet
19.
Am J Bioeth ; 19(6): 47-61, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135323

RESUMEN

As social media becomes increasingly popular, human subjects researchers are able to use these platforms to locate, track, and communicate with study participants, thereby increasing participant retention and the generalizability and validity of research. The use of social media; however, raises novel ethical and regulatory issues that have received limited attention in the literature and federal regulations. We review research ethics and regulations and outline the implications for maintaining participant privacy, respecting participant autonomy, and promoting researcher transparency when using social media to locate and track participants. We offer a rubric that can be used in future studies to determine ethical and regulation-consistent use of social media platforms and illustrate the rubric using our study team's experience with Facebook. We also offer recommendations for both researchers and institutional review boards that emphasize the importance of well-described procedures for social media use as part of informed consent.


Asunto(s)
Ética en Investigación , Registros de Salud Personal , Consentimiento Informado/normas , Privacidad/legislación & jurisprudencia , Sujetos de Investigación , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/ética , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/legislación & jurisprudencia , Comunicación , Humanos , Redes Sociales en Línea , Proyectos de Investigación/normas , Proyectos de Investigación/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias
20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(6): 1785-1789, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093788

RESUMEN

Social media has become a key component of contemporary medicine, and the rheumatology subspecialty is not an exemption. We found that just six of the 40 key peer-reviewed rheumatology journals have found it sensible to incorporate the new appointment of a Social Media Editor-or a similar designation-into their Editorial Boards. We propose that the role of a social media editor is a trinomial: not only a technological work to promote digital engagement but also an activity of ethical guidance and a cultural challenge dealing with worldwide cultural and mindset diversity.


Asunto(s)
Políticas Editoriales , Edición/tendencias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias , Humanos , Difusión de la Información/métodos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Reumatología/tendencias
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